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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326964/transportation-and-other-nonfinancial-barriers-among-uninsured-primary-care-patients
#1
Akiko Kamimura, Samin Panahi, Zobayer Ahmmad, Mu Pye, Jeanie Ashby
Introduction: Nonfinancial barriers are frequent causes of unmet need in health-care services. The significance of transportation barriers can weigh more than the issues of access to care. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine transportation and other nonfinancial barriers among low-income uninsured patients of a safety net health-care facility (free clinic). Methods: The survey data were collected from patients aged 18 years and older who spoke English or Spanish at a free clinic, which served uninsured individuals in poverty in the United States...
January 2018: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316836/the-view-from-orthodoxy-point-counterpoint-on-globalization-and-human-rights
#2
Claudio Schuftan
The long-term trend of globalization masks a frank deterioration of the situation of the have-nots. Since 1970, polarization has grown faster than inequality, with alarming consequences for human rights and the economy overall. Globalization has continued to enrich the few at the expense of providing a decent livelihood and respecting the human rights of the many. Industrialized countries continue to be the rule makers-poor countries the rule takers. Rich countries go for growth, but an inequality-entrenching growth that brings about human rights violations and poverty...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313840/survey-based-socio-economic-data-from-slums-in-bangalore-india
#3
Debraj Roy, Bharath Palavalli, Niveditha Menon, Robin King, Karin Pfeffer, Michael Lees, Peter M A Sloot
In 2010, an estimated 860 million people were living in slums worldwide, with around 60 million added to the slum population between 2000 and 2010. In 2011, 200 million people in urban Indian households were considered to live in slums. In order to address and create slum development programmes and poverty alleviation methods, it is necessary to understand the needs of these communities. Therefore, we require data with high granularity in the Indian context. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of highly granular data at the level of individual slums...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295510/pollution-from-fossil-fuel-combustion-is-the-leading-environmental-threat-to-global-pediatric-health-and-equity-solutions-exist
#4
Frederica Perera
Fossil-fuel combustion by-products are the world's most significant threat to children's health and future and are major contributors to global inequality and environmental injustice. The emissions include a myriad of toxic air pollutants and carbon dioxide (CO₂), which is the most important human-produced climate-altering greenhouse gas. Synergies between air pollution and climate change can magnify the harm to children. Impacts include impairment of cognitive and behavioral development, respiratory illness, and other chronic diseases-all of which may be "seeded" in utero and affect health and functioning immediately and over the life course...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248095/new-findings-on-child-marriage-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
Suzanne Petroni, Mara Steinhaus, Natacha Stevanovic Fenn, Kirsten Stoebenau, Amy Gregowski
Despite increasing global attention and commitments by countries to end the harmful practice of child marriage, each year some 15 million girls marry before the age of 18. The preponderance of the evidence produced historically on child marriage comes from South Asia, where the vast majority of child brides live. Far less attention has been paid to child marriage in sub-Saharan Africa, where prevalence rates remain high. The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) recently conducted research in Kenya, Senegal, Uganda, and Zambia to contribute to greater understanding of the drivers of child marriage in each of these contexts...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244107/the-importance-of-gender-analysis-in-research-for-health-systems-strengthening
#6
Sally Theobald, Rosemary Morgan, Kate Hawkins, Sarah Ssali, Asha George, Sassy Molyneux
This editorial discusses a collection of papers examining gender across a range of health policy and systems contexts, from access to services, governance, health financing, and human resources for health. The papers interrogate differing health issues and core health systems functions using a gender lens. Together they produce new knowledge on the multiple impacts of gender on health experiences and demonstrate the importance of gender analyses and gender sensitive interventions for promoting well-being and health systems strengthening...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244105/the-gendered-health-workforce-mixed-methods-analysis-from-four-fragile-and-post-conflict-contexts
#7
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Haja Wurie, Yotamu Chirwa, Sovanarith So, Sreytouch Vong, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Sally Theobald
It is well known that the health workforce composition is influenced by gender relations. However, little research has been done which examines the experiences of health workers through a gender lens, especially in fragile and post-conflict states. In these contexts, there may not only be opportunities to (re)shape occupational norms and responsibilities in the light of challenges in the health workforce, but also threats that put pressure on resources and undermine gender balance, diversity and gender responsive human resources for health (HRH)...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243829/poverty-and-serious-mental-illness-toward-action-on-a-seemingly-intractable-problem
#8
John Sylvestre, Geranda Notten, Nick Kerman, Alexia Polillo, Konrad Czechowki
This paper examines the issue of poverty among people with serious mental illness (SMI), positioning it as a key issue to be confronted by community mental health systems and practitioners. The paper reviews three perspectives on poverty, considering how each sheds light on poverty among people with SMI, and their implications for action: (a) monetary resources, (b) basic needs, and (c) capabilities. The paper argues that community mental health programs and systems are currently unable to address poverty as they are overly focused on individual-level interventions that, on their own, cannot raise people out of poverty...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239552/the-use-of-geographic-information-system-as-a-tool-for-schistosomiasis-surveillance-in-the-province-of-davao-del-norte-the-philippines
#9
Vicente Y Belizario, John Paul Caesar R Delos Trinos, Berne Silawan, Chiqui M De Veyra, Agapito Hornido, Hansel Amoguis, Dominic Basalo, Cherry Dema-Ala, Irenn Mantilla, Rosele Layan
Schistosomiasis (SCH) in The Philippines is caused by Schistosoma japonicum and remains endemic in 28 provinces in 12 regions. Effective SCH control requires describing areas at risk where control efforts may be focused. This study aims at demonstrating the utility of geographical information system (GIS) as a tool for SCH surveillance in the province of Davao del Norte. Qualitative and quantitative data on SCH determinants, obtained from local government offices, partner agencies and institutions, were standardised, formatted and incorporated into a GIS map...
November 6, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237493/the-association-between-health-insurance-status-and-utilization-of-health-services-in-rural-northern-ghana-evidence-from-the-introduction-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme
#10
Philip Ayizem Dalinjong, Paul Welaga, James Akazili, Anthony Kwarteng, Martin Bangha, Abraham Oduro, Osman Sankoh, Jane Goudge
BACKGROUND: Many households in low- and middle-income countries face financial hardships due to payments for health care, while others are pushed into poverty. Risk pooling and prepayment mechanisms help to lessen the impact of the costs of care as well as assisting to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). Ghana implemented the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) for the promotion of access to health services for all Ghanaians. In this paper, we examined the association between health insurance status and utilization of outpatient and inpatient health services in rural poor communities...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237027/poverty-related-diseases-factors-that-predict-coping-in-two-cameroonian-settings
#11
Valerie Makoge, Lette Hogeling, Harro Maat, Lenneke Vaandrager, Maria Koelen
In this paper, we explore the connection between poverty and health (poverty-related diseases: PRDs) by investigating the factors that play a role in how two groups of people in Cameroon cope with health challenges: workers in a large agro-industrial organization (living in 'camps') and students in two major universities (living on 'campuses'). We investigated factors reported in the literature as being associated with coping, summarized under the 'salutogenic umbrella', as well as demographic, social and environmental factors...
December 9, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235166/the-south-african-universal-preschool-year-a-case-study-of-policy-development-and-implementation
#12
L Richter, M-L Samuels
BACKGROUND: South Africa is the first sub-Saharan African country to legislate, fund and implement free preschool education. Human rights and restitution were at the forefront of the political struggle for democracy in South Africa. Levelling the playing fields by improving the school readiness of children disadvantaged by the racist policies of Apartheid is essential to the transformation of South African society. METHODS: A review of published and unpublished documents on Grade R was undertaken, and access and enrolment data come from the National Department of Basic Education's Education Management Information System (EMIS)...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229159/socioeconomic-factors-as-predictors-of-organ-donation
#13
Malay B Shah, Valery Vilchez, Adam Goble, Michael F Daily, Jonathan C Berger, Roberto Gedaly, Derek A DuBay
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous initiatives to increase solid organs for transplant, the gap between donors and recipients widens. There is little in the literature identifying socioeconomic predictors for donation. We evaluate the correlation between socioeconomic factors and familial authorization for donation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of adult potential donor referrals between 2007 and 2012 to our organ procurement organization (OPO) was performed. Potential donor information was obtained from the OPO database, death certificates, and the US Census Report...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223936/-relationship-between-crowding-and-community-acquired-skin-and-soft-tissues-infections
#14
Marcelo A Beltrán, Horacio J García Del Corro, Mónica Couso, María D Gallo, Antonio Lettieri, Patricia V Barna
The association of the spread of community infections with poverty and overcrowding is well known. In our hospital, located in José C. Paz, we assist sporadic cases of post-cesarean infections caused by community acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CaMRSA). In a prospective study of families treated at our hospital, we investigated the relationship between a history of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and extreme overcrowding defined as households with unsatisfied basic needs type 3 (NBI 3)...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217213/adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-the-distribution-of-youth-behaviors-and-perceived-peer-attitudes-across-neighborhood-contexts
#15
Tara D Warner
PURPOSE: Sexual activity is a normative part of adolescent development, yet early sexual debut and sex with multiple partners undermine health and well-being. Both structural (e.g., poverty) and social (e.g., norms) characteristics of neighborhoods shape sexual risk taking, yet scholarship remains focused on urban areas. Thus, this study explores sexually permissive attitudes and sexual risk taking across a wider expanse of neighborhood types. METHODS: Among 8,337 nonsexually active respondents in Wave I (1994-1995 [ages 11-18]) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a hierarchical linear model and a hierarchical generalized linear model were used to estimate the effect of neighborhood type and permissive sexual climate on youths' sexual debut, age at debut, and lifetime number of sexual partners by Wave III (2001-2002 [ages 18-26]), controlling for individual, familial, and peer factors...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216895/-we-do-not-know-a-qualitative-study-exploring-boys-perceptions-of-menstruation-in-india
#16
Linda Mason, Muthusamy Sivakami, Harshad Thakur, Narendra Kakade, Ashley Beauman, Kelly T Alexander, Anna Maria van Eijke, Kayla F Laserson, Mamita B Thakkar, Penelope A Phillips-Howard
BACKGROUND: In low-middle income countries and other areas of poverty, menstrual hygiene management (MHM) can be problematic for women and girls. Issues include lack of knowledge about menstruation and MHM, and stigma around menstruation, also access to affordable and absorbent materials; privacy to change; adequate washing, cleaning and drying facilities; as well as appropriate and accessible disposal facilities. In order to effect change and tackle these issues, particularly in patriarchal societies, males may need to become advocates for MHM alongside women...
December 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204465/non-contributory-social-transfer-programs-in-developing-countries-a-new-dataset-and-research-agenda
#17
Marina Dodlova, Anna Giolbas, Jann Lay
Social transfer programs in developing countries are designed to contribute to poverty reduction by increasing the income of the poor in order to ensure minimal living standards. In addition, social transfers provide a safety net for the vulnerable, who are typically not covered by contributory social security. The question of how effective such programs are in achieving these aims has been the subject of numerous impact evaluations. However, the optimal design of such programs is still unclear. Even less is known about whether the adoption and implementation of transfer programs is really driven by poverty and neediness or whether other factors also have an influence...
February 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202867/testing-the-4rs-and-2ss-multiple-family-group-intervention-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Mary Acri, Emily Hamovitch, Maria Mini, Elene Garay, Claire Connolly, Mary McKay
BACKGROUND: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a major mental health concern and highly prevalent among children living in poverty-impacted communities. Despite that treatments for ODD are among the most effective, few children living in poverty receive these services due to substantial barriers to access, as well as difficulties in the uptake and sustained adoption of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in community settings. The purpose of this study is to examine implementation processes that impact uptake of an evidence-based practice for childhood ODD, and the impact of a Clinic Implementation Team (CIT)-driven structured adaptation to enhance its fit within the public mental health clinic setting...
December 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197383/analysis-of-population-level-determinants-of-legionellosis-spatial-and-geovisual-methods-for-enhancing-classification-of-high-risk-areas
#19
Jessie A Gleason, Kathleen M Ross, Rebecca D Greeley
BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of legionellosis throughout North America and Europe continues to increase, public health investigations have not been able to identify a common exposure in most cases. Over 80% of cases are sporadic with no known source. To better understand the role of the macro-environment in legionellosis risk, a retrospective ecological study assessed associations between population-level measures of demographic, socioeconomic, and environmental factors and high-risk areas...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195773/cognitive-deficits-in-bipolar-disorders-implications-for-emotion
#20
REVIEW
Isabela M M Lima, Andrew D Peckham, Sheri L Johnson
Prominent cognitive deficits have been documented in bipolar disorder, and multiple studies suggest that these deficits can be observed among non-affected first-degree relatives of those with bipolar disorder. Although there is variability in the degree of cognitive deficits, these deficits are robustly relevant for functional outcomes. A separate literature documents clear difficulties in emotionality, emotion regulation, and emotion-relevant impulsivity within bipolar disorder, and demonstrates that these emotion-relevant variables are also central to outcome...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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