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poverty and well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140758/personal-accounts-of-poverty-a-thematic-analysis-of-social-media
#1
Mary A Caplan, Gregory Purser, Peter A Kindle
The field of social work seeks to enhance human well-being by addressing the needs of people living in poverty. Three billion people around the world use the internet daily, and 65% of them use social media. This article qualitatively identifies emergent themes about the lived experiences of poverty from people who reported either being poor or having have been poor, using selected social media posts (N = 1,495) on the website Reddit. We found that the experiences of poverty bring arduousness and hardship, which necessitates an arsenal of survival strategies and skills...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133576/spillover-effects-of-adult-medicaid-expansions-on-children-s-use-of-preventive-services
#2
Maya Venkataramani, Craig Evan Pollack, Eric T Roberts
BACKGROUND: Since the passage of the Affordable Care Act, Medicaid enrollment has increased by ∼17 million adults, including many low-income parents. One potentially important, but little studied, consequence of expanding health insurance for parents is its effect on children's receipt of preventive services. METHODS: By using state Medicaid eligibility thresholds linked to the 2001-2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys, we assessed the relationship between changes in adult Medicaid eligibility and children's likelihood of receiving annual well-child visits (WCVs)...
November 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128565/obesity-and-triple-negative-breast-cancer-disparities-controversies-and-biology
#3
REVIEW
Eric C Dietze, Tanya A Chavez, Victoria L Seewaldt
Once considered a problem of Western nations, obesity (body mass index ≥30kg/m(2)) has rapidly increased since the 1970s to become a major threat to world health. Since 1970, the face of obesity has changed from a disease of affluence and abundance to a disease of poverty. Over the last 10 years, studies have mechanistically linked obesity and an obese tumor microenvironment with signaling pathways that predict aggressive breast cancer biology. For example, in the United States African-American women are more likely than non-Hispanic European-American women to be obese and to be diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121335/community-characteristics-and-regional-variations-in-sepsis
#4
Justin Xavier Moore, John P Donnelly, Russell Griffin, Monika M Safford, George Howard, John Baddley, Henry E Wang
Background: Sepsis may contribute to more than 200 000 annual deaths in the USA. Little is known about the regional patterns of sepsis mortality and the community characteristics that explain this relationship. We aimed to determine the influence of community characteristics upon regional variations in sepsis incidence and case fatality. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115955/health-financing-and-integration-of-urban-and-rural-residents-basic-medical-insurance-systems-in-china
#5
Kun Zhu, Luying Zhang, Shasha Yuan, Xiaojuan Zhang, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: China is in the process of integrating the new cooperative medical scheme (NCMS) and the urban residents' basic medical insurance system (URBMI) into the urban and rural residents' basic medical insurance system (URRBMI). However, how to integrate the financing policies of NCMS and URBMI has not been described in detail. This paper attempts to illustrate the differences between the financing mechanisms of NCMS and URBMI, to analyze financing inequity between urban and rural residents and to identify financing mechanisms for integrating urban and rural residents' medical insurance systems...
November 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095841/comparative-coastal-risk-index-ccri-a-multidisciplinary-risk-index-for-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#6
Juliano Calil, Borja G Reguero, Ana R Zamora, Iñigo J Losada, Fernando J Méndez
As the world's population grows to a projected 11.2 billion by 2100, the number of people living in low-lying areas exposed to coastal hazards is projected to increase. Critical infrastructure and valuable assets continue to be placed in vulnerable areas, and in recent years, millions of people have been displaced by natural hazards. Impacts from coastal hazards depend on the number of people, value of assets, and presence of critical resources in harm's way. Risks related to natural hazards are determined by a complex interaction between physical hazards, the vulnerability of a society or social-ecological system and its exposure to such hazards...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094630/the-role-of-public-health-nutrition-in-achieving-the-sustainable-development-goals-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#7
Colin Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Wah Yun Low, Alfred Zerfas
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replaced the Millennium Development Goals (MDCs) in 2015, which included several goals and targets primarily related to nutrition: to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger and to reduce child mortality and improve maternal health. In the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) member countries as a group, infant and child mortality were reduced by more than 65% between 1990 and 2015, achieving the MDG target of two-thirds reduction, although these goals were not achieved by several smaller countries...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079477/dual-trajectories-of-breakfast-eating-and-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-over-a-5-year-follow-up-period-among-economically-disadvantaged-children-gender-differences
#8
Chun-Yuan Chen, Yi-Chen Hsiao
Breakfast eating (BE) seems to be cross-sectionally associated with fruit and vegetable intake (FVI). To date, gender differences in any codevelopment between BE and FVI, as well as their associated factors, have not been examined. The objectives of this study were (1) to identify dual trajectories of BE and FVI among economically disadvantaged boys and girls; and (2) to examine potential associated factors of identified dual trajectories by gender. Children from economically disadvantaged families were enrolled in this prospective multicity study of the Taiwan Database of Children and Youth in Poverty between July 6 and October 31, 2009 and followed up biannually (2009, 2011, and 2013)...
October 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077754/awareness-and-utilization-of-community-clinic-services-among-women-in-rural-areas-in-bangladesh-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Michael Ekholuenetale, Vaibhav Shah
BACKGROUND: In recent years, Bangladesh government has accomplished the ambitious project of establishing hospitals 18,000 Community Health Clinics in sub-districts across the country. Operating under the affiliation of the government hospitals, these community health clinics aim to provide free healthcare services and to increase health-awareness among the extreme poor communities in the rural areas. However, a great proportion of the people are still not well aware of the services offered by the community health clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066593/costs-revenues-and-profits-an-economic-analysis-of-smallholder-tobacco-farmer-livelihoods-in-malawi
#10
Donald Makoka, Jeffrey Drope, Adriana Appau, Ronald Labonte, Qing Li, Fastone Goma, Richard Zulu, Peter Magati, Raphael Lencucha
BACKGROUND: The preservation of the economic livelihood of tobacco farmers is a common argument used to oppose tobacco control measures. However, little empirical evidence exists about these livelihoods. We seek to evaluate the economic livelihoods of individual tobacco farmers in Malawi, including how much money they earn from selling tobacco, and the costs they incur to produce the crop, including labour inputs. We also evaluate farmers' decisions to contract directly with firms that buy their crops...
November 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065922/persisting-demand-and-supply-gap-for-maternal-and-newborn-care-in-eastern-uganda-a-mixed-method-cross-sectional-study
#11
Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Peter Waiswa
BACKGROUND: The slow progress in reducing maternal and newborn death in low and middle-income countries is attributed to both demand and supply-side factors. This study assessed the changes in maternal and newborn services in health facilities as well as demand for maternal and newborn health services in Eastern Uganda. METHODS: The health assessment data were collected in August 2013 and September 2015 in the districts of Kamuli, Pallisa, and Kibuku. We purposively collected data on the availability of services from 40 health facilities that provided maternal and newborn services...
October 24, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061603/implementation-and-impact-of-an-online-tool-used-in-primary-care-to-improve-access-to-financial-benefits-for-patients-a-study-protocol
#12
Anjana Aery, Anne Rucchetto, Alexander Singer, Gayle Halas, Gary Bloch, Ritika Goel, Danyaal Raza, Ross E G Upshur, Jackie Bellaire, Alan Katz, Andrew David Pinto
OBJECTIVES: Addressing the social determinants of health has been identified as crucial to reducing health inequities. However, few evidence-based interventions exist. This study emerges from an ongoing collaboration between physicians, researchers and a financial literacy organisation. Our study will answer the following: Is an online tool that improves access to financial benefits feasible and acceptable? Can such a tool be integrated into clinical workflow? What are patient perspectives on the tool and what is the short-term impact on access to benefits? METHODS: An advisory group made up of patients living on low incomes and representatives from community agencies supports this study...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060555/learning-about-individuals-health-from-aggregate-data
#13
Rich Colbaugh, Kristin Glass
There is growing awareness that user-generated social media content contains valuable health-related information and is more convenient to collect than typical health data. For example, Twitter has been employed to predict aggregate-level outcomes, such as regional rates of diabetes and child poverty, and to identify individual cases of depression and food poisoning. Models which make aggregate-level inferences can be induced from aggregate data, and consequently are straightforward to build. In contrast, learning models that produce individual-level (IL) predictions, which are more informative, usually requires a large number of difficult-to-acquire labeled IL examples...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028245/austerity-and-health-the-impact-in-the-uk-and-europe
#14
David Stuckler, Aaron Reeves, Rachel Loopstra, Marina Karanikolos, Martin McKee
Austerity measures-reducing social spending and increasing taxation-hurts deprived groups the most. Less is known about the impact on health. In this short review, we evaluate the evidence of austerity's impact on health, through two main mechanisms: a 'social risk effect' of increasing unemployment, poverty, homelessness and other socio-economic risk factors (indirect), and a 'healthcare effect' through cuts to healthcare services, as well as reductions in health coverage and restricting access to care (direct)...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027664/navigating-community-development-conflicts-contested-visions-of-poverty-poverty-alleviation
#15
Sarah V Suiter
This article explores an ethical dilemma that arose from the author's involvement in a project intended to identify and address the needs of seven batey communities in the Dominican Republic. In the summer of 2014, the author conducted a large-scale needs assessment to inform strategic planning for a foundation that was invested in community development work in those communities. Through a collaborative process, the author worked with the foundation, representatives of the migrant communities, and other researchers to develop survey and focus group tools that were administered to 1,360 and 54 people, respectively...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023135/dietary-patterns-and-dietary-adequacy-of-street-children-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#16
Lawrence P Greksa, A B M Rafiqul Islam, Rie Okamoto, Kinuko Omori
The negative impact of poverty on the biological well-being of children is well established. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the impact of the stress of full-time street life on the dietary patterns and dietary adequacy of street children living in Dhaka, Bangladesh. This was accomplished by comparing the nutritional patterns of full-time street children with those of other poor children in Dhaka who also spend their days on the streets but who return to their families at night. There were few differences between groups, possibly due to street children being a select group...
October 12, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020312/explaining-the-impact-of-poverty-on-old-age-frailty-in-europe-material-psychosocial-and-behavioural-factors
#17
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Anja Waxenegger, Wolfgang Freidl
Previous research found poverty to be associated with adverse health outcomes among older adults but the factors that translate low economic resources into poor physical health are not well understood. The goal of this analysis was to assess the impact of material, psychosocial, and behavioural factors as well as education in explaining the poverty-health link. In total, 28 360 observations from 11 390 community-dwelling respondents (65+) in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (2004-13, 10 countries) were analysed...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020063/economic-burden-of-malaria-and-predictors-of-cost-variability-to-rural-households-in-south-central-ethiopia
#18
Alemayehu Hailu, Bernt Lindtjørn, Wakgari Deressa, Taye Gari, Eskindir Loha, Bjarne Robberstad
BACKGROUND: While recognizing the recent remarkable achievement in the global malaria reduction, the disease remains a challenge to the malaria endemic countries in Africa. Beyond the huge health consequence of malaria, policymakers need to be informed about the economic burden of the disease to the households. However, evidence on the economic burden of malaria in Ethiopia is scanty. The aims of this study were to estimate the economic burden of malaria episode and to identify predictors of cost variability to the rural households...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017641/family-matters-examining-child-abuse-and-neglect-as-family-dysfunction-for-minority-youth-living-in-extreme-poverty
#19
Richard Spano, Michael A David, Sara R Jeffries, John M Bolland
Two competing models of child abuse and neglect (scapegoat vs. family dysfunction) are used to illustrate how the specification of victims ("index" victim vs. all children in household) from incidents of child abuse and neglect can be used to improve estimates of maltreatment for at-risk minority youth. Child Protection Services records were searched in 2005 for 366 "index" victims who were surveyed for 5 consecutive years (from 1998 to 2002) for the Mobile Youth Survey as well as other siblings in the household...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988375/long-term-care-needs-in-the-context-of-poverty-and-population-aging-the-case-of-older-persons-in-myanmar
#20
Bussarawan Teerawichitchainan, John Knodel
Myanmar is one of the poorest and least healthy countries in Southeast Asia. As elsewhere in the region, population aging is occurring. Yet the government welfare and health systems have done little to address the long-term care (LTC) needs of the increasing number of older persons thus leaving families to cope on their own. Our study, based on the 2012 Myanmar Aging Survey, documents the LTC needs of persons aged 60 and older and how they are met within the context of the family. Nearly 40% of persons in their early 60s and 90% of those 80 and older reported at least one physical difficulty...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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