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poverty and well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#1
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504626/-danish-malaria-research-from-the-frail-beginning-to-internationally-acknowledged-research
#2
Micha Phill Grønholm Jepsen, Søren Jepsen, Jørgen Kurtzhals, Lars Hviid
Malaria - and particularly the disease caused by Plasmodium falciparum - remains a direct as well as indirect cause of poverty and immense human suffering. Research is imperative to alleviate this situation and to control and eventually eradicate the disease. Since the mid-1970s, Danish scientists have contributed increasingly to this effort by publishing more than 700 scientific papers and by training about 60 highly skilled malaria researchers. The efforts which continue to be thoroughly dependent on extensive external funding and public goodwill are briefly reviewed in this article...
May 15, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481900/yaws-resurgence-in-bankim-cameroon-the-relative-effectiveness-of-different-means-of-detection-in-rural-communities
#3
Alphonse Um Boock, Paschal Kum Awah, Ferdinand Mou, Mark Nichter
BACKGROUND: Yaws is an infectious, debilitating and disfiguring disease of poverty that mainly affects children in rural communities in tropical areas. In Cameroon, mass-treatment campaigns carried out in the 1950s reduced yaws to such low levels that it was presumed the disease was eradicated. In 2010, an epidemiological study in Bankim Health District detected 29 cases of yaws. Five different means of detecting yaws in clinical and community settings were initiated in Bankim over the following five years...
May 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471209/testing-an-integrated-self-determined-work-motivation-model-for-people-with-disabilities-a-path-analysis
#4
Timothy N Tansey, Kanako Iwanaga, Jill Bezyak, Nicole Ditchman
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with disabilities are more likely to live in poverty, have more health issues, and be less likely to be employed than their same-aged peers. Although these issues may be attenuated by vocational rehabilitation services, amotivation and ambivalence to employment can limit the readiness of persons with disabilities to engage in these services. Drawing on self-efficacy, self-determination, and stages of change theories, the purpose of this study was to develop and test an integrated self-determined work motivation model for people with disabilities...
May 4, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448332/sleep-quality-and-quantity-in-low-income-postpartum-women
#5
Jennifer J Doering, Aniko Szabo, Deepika Goyal, Elizabeth Babler
PURPOSE: To describe and explore patterns of postpartum sleep, fatigue, and depressive symptoms in low-income urban women. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this descriptive, exploratory, nonexperimental study, participants were recruited from an inpatient postpartum unit. Subjective measures were completed by 132 participants across five time points. Objective sleep/wake patterns were measured by 72-hour wrist actigraphy at 4 and 8 weeks. Mean sample age was 25 years, high school educated with 3...
May 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444197/understanding-the-linkages-between-social-safety-nets-and-childhood-violence-a-review-of-the-evidence-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
Amber Peterman, Anastasia Naomi Neijhoft, Sarah Cook, Tia M Palermo
As many as one billion children experience violence every year, and household- and community-level poverty are among the risk factors for child protection violations. Social safety nets (SSNs) are a main policy tool to address poverty and vulnerability, and there is substantial evidence demonstrating positive effects on children's health and human capital. This paper reviews evidence and develops a framework to understand linkages between non-contributory SSNs and the experience of childhood emotional, physical and sexual violence in low- and middle-income countries...
April 22, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444033/regional-health-inequalities-changes-observed-in-brazil-from-2000-2016
#7
Mariana Vercesi de Albuquerque, Ana Luiza d'Ávila Viana, Luciana Dias de Lima, Maria Paula Ferreira, Edgard Rodrigues Fusaro, Fabíola Lana Iozzi
Advances in reducing poverty and inequalities in the 2000s had a paradoxical effect in Brazil. This article examines how socioeconomic transformations, and the complexity of health services, are expressed in the regions established for planning purposes and the inter-governmental management of the Brazilian Unified Health System. An effort was made to identify and explain differences in the compositions of the 438 existing health regions and their spatial distribution by comparing situations observed in 2016 with those in 2000...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443367/preventing-risky-behaviours-among-young-adolescents-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-qualitative-study
#8
Anjalee Kohli, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Arsene Kajabika Binkurhorhwa, Clovis Murhula Mitima, Alfred Bacikenge Mirindi, Nadine Bufole Mwinja, Jean Heri Banyewesize, Gisele Mushengezi Ntakwinja, Nancy A Perrin, Nancy Glass
This qualitative study explores and describes adolescent risk behaviours, specifically consumption of alcohol and use of violence; the perceived consequences of these behaviours on future well-being and relationships; and collaboratively identifies the essential components of a prevention intervention for risk behaviours (alcohol use, violence) among young adolescents while strengthening the protective individual and relationship factors in post-conflict Democratic Republic of Congo. One-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted with 28 male and female youth, 20 parents/guardians and 20 stakeholders in three rural villages of South Kivu Province...
April 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436099/review-of-nutrition-guidelines-relevant-for-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Tarab Mansoor, Rehana A Salam, Shereen Z Bhutta, Jai K Das, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
The economic and social well-being of any country will one day depend on its current adolescent population. To provide a good foundation for healthy adolescent development, healthy diet, along with physical activity and adequate nutrients, is necessary. Therefore, addressing the nutrition needs of adolescents could be an important step toward breaking the vicious cycle of intergenerational malnutrition, chronic diseases, and poverty. These problems could be addressed with timely recognition and appropriately delivered interventions...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428763/adhd-lifestyles-and-comorbidities-a-call-for-an-holistic-perspective-from-medical-to-societal-intervening-factors
#10
REVIEW
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Andreja Erman, Katerina Schonova, Jiri Raboch, Michal Goetz
The review examines Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in its Child and Adult form) and its various presentations (Hyperactive Impulsive, Inattentive, and Combined) with a particular focus on environmental (incl. social factors), lifestyles and comorbidities. It is argued that ADHD is best understood in a holistic and interactive context and a vast empirical literature is presented to illustrate the point: Environmental factors include stress in general as well as exposure to toxins (phthalates, bisphenol A)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425117/dream-homes-and-dead-ends-in-the-city-a-photo-essay-experiment
#11
Danya Fast
Research focused on the relationship between place and health demonstrates that it is complex and shifting, as overlapping social, historical, institutional and political and economic processes continually transform the landscapes in which lived experiences are embedded. Understanding this relationship requires knowledge of the situated meanings and local worlds that ethnographic methods are well suited to investigate. However, even conventional ethnographic methods can be inadequate to capture the embodied, lived experience of place - experiences in which the sensory and inner processes of memory and imagination are often privileged...
April 20, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399168/global-trends-in-dietary-micronutrient-supplies-and-estimated-prevalence-of-inadequate-intakes
#12
Ty Beal, Eric Massiot, Joanne E Arsenault, Matthew R Smith, Robert J Hijmans
Understanding dietary patterns is vital to reducing the number of people experiencing hunger (about 795 million), micronutrient deficiencies (2 billion), and overweight or obesity (2.1 billion). We characterize global trends in dietary quality by estimating micronutrient density of the food supply, prevalence of inadequate intake of 14 micronutrients, and average prevalence of inadequate intake of these micronutrients for all countries between 1961 and 2011. Over this 50-year period, the estimated prevalence of inadequate intakes of micronutrients has declined in all regions due to increased total production of food and/or micronutrient density...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398259/geospatial-analysis-of-inflammatory-breast-cancer-and-associated-community-characteristics-in-the-united-states
#13
Lia Scott, Lee R Mobley, Dora Il'yasova
Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare and aggressive form of breast cancer, almost always diagnosed at late stage where mortality outcomes and morbidity burdens are known to be worse. Missed by mammography screening, IBC progresses rapidly and reaches late stage by the time of diagnosis. With an unknown etiology and poor prognosis, it is crucial to evaluate the distribution of the disease in the population as well as identify area social and economic contextual risk factors that may be contributing to the observed patterns of IBC incidence...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394088/dietary-behaviours-and-the-mental-well-being-of-new-zealand-adolescents
#14
'Ilaisaane Puloka, Jennifer Utter, Simon Denny, Terry Fleming
AIM: To examine the associations between diet and mental health indicators in adolescents. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Youth 2012 survey, a national survey of the health and well-being of adolescents in New Zealand (n = 8500). Multiple regression models were used to determine the associations between healthy and unhealthy eating and mental health indicators while adjusting for sex, age, ethnicity, small area deprivation and household poverty as covariates...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393559/work-worksites-and-wellbeing-among-north-american-indian-women-a-qualitative-study
#15
Karina Christiansen, Preety Gadhoke, Marla Pardilla, Joel Gittelsohn
The purpose of this study was to understand what factors influenced work-family balance and related health behaviors among a sample of rural North American Indian women. We interviewed 89 women through both in-depth interviews and focus groups across four tribal communities in the American Southwest and Upper Midwest between July 2010 and August 2011. Interviews were transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes related to work- family demands placed on women and resources available to cope with those demands...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379315/associations-of-continuity-and-change-in-early-neighborhood-poverty-with-adult-cardiometabolic-biomarkers-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-to-adult-health-1995-2008
#16
Adam M Lippert, Clare Rosenfeld Evans, Fahad Razak, S V Subramanian
Limitations of extant research on neighborhood disadvantage and health include general reliance on point-in-time neighborhood measures and sensitivity to residential self-selection. Using data from the US Census and the 1995-2008 National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we applied conventional methods and coarsened exact matching to assess how cardiometabolic health varies among those entering, exiting, or remaining in poor and nonpoor neighborhoods. Within the full sample (n = 11,767), we found significantly higher systolic and diastolic blood pressures among those who entered or consistently lived in poor neighborhoods relative to those who never lived in poor neighborhoods...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374424/cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-showed-that-maternal-and-child-health-handbook-was-effective-for-child-cognitive-development-in-mongolia
#17
Amarjargal Dagvadorj, Takeo Nakayama, Eisuke Inoue, Narantuya Sumya, Rintaro Mori
Child development delays can cause lower school performance, which in turn can lead to long-term poverty, developmental delays in offspring and a vicious cycle of loss of human potential (1). Effective prevention strategies are vital. It is well known that effective early child development programmes should integrate health and education with family support, programme, but coverage is often low (1). Cost-effective, high-quality programmes should therefore be considered. The Japanese Maternal and Child Health (MCH) handbook has been shown to provide cost-effective, high-level coverage that assists child development (2)...
April 4, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367150/agronomic-challenges-and-opportunities-for-smallholder-terrace-agriculture-in-developing-countries
#18
REVIEW
Tejendra Chapagain, Manish N Raizada
Improving land productivity is essential to meet increasing food and forage demands in hillside and mountain communities. Tens of millions of smallholder terrace farmers in Asia, Africa, and Latin America who earn $1-2 per day do not have access to peer-reviewed knowledge of best agronomic practices, though they have considerable traditional ecological knowledge. Terrace farmers also lack access to affordable farm tools and inputs required to increase crop yields. The objectives of this review are to highlight the agronomic challenges of terrace farming, and offer innovative, low-cost solutions to intensify terrace agriculture while improving local livelihoods...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359550/out-of-pocket-expenditure-and-financial-protection-in-the-chilean-health-care-system-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Kira Johanna Koch, Camilo Cid Pedraza, Andreas Schmid
BACKGROUND: Protection against financial risk due to medical spending is an explicit health guarantee within Chile's AUGE health reform. This paper seeks to analyze the degree to which out-of-pocket expenditure still expose Chilean households to financial catastrophe and impoverishment, and to explore inequalities in financial protection. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted to identify empirical studies analyzing financial protection in Chile. The search included databases as well as grey literature, i...
March 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350481/a-qualitative-study-of-a-maintenance-support-program-for-women-at-risk-of-homelessness-part-2-situational-factors
#20
Rose McMaster, Violeta Lopez, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary
People who are homeless tend to have a number of complex needs. A housing maintenance support program (MSP) for women from the perspectives of clients, case managers and health professionals within the program was explored in this qualitative descriptive study. Interviews were conducted, and data were analysed using thematic analysis. The overarching theme that emerged from the data was "A life-changing event: I have the power to change." This theme was supported by three sub-themes: personal, situational and societal dimensions...
March 28, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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