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poverty and well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634248/suburban-families-experience-with-food-insecurity-screening-in-primary-care-practices
#1
Deepak Palakshappa, Stephanie Doupnik, Aditi Vasan, Saba Khan, Leah Seifu, Chris Feudtner, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity (FI) remains a major public health problem. With the rise in suburban poverty, a greater understanding of parents' experiences of FI in suburban settings is needed to effectively screen and address FI in suburban practices. METHODS: We conducted 23 semistructured interviews with parents of children <4 years of age who presented for well-child care in 6 suburban pediatric practices and screened positive for FI. In the interviews, we elicited parents' perceptions of screening for FI, how FI impacted the family, and recommendations for how practices could more effectively address FI...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#2
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624928/a-survey-analysis-of-indigenous-goat-production-in-communal-farming-systems-of-botswana
#3
P I Monau, C Visser, S J Nsoso, E Van Marle-Köster
A total of 153 communal farmers in four agro-ecological regions of Botswana were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. The aims of the survey were to characterise existing communal goat production systems, evaluate the importance of goats to farmers and identify breeding practices and constraints encountered in goat production in Botswana. Data was collected on socio-economic parameters, general and breeding management practices and major constraints limiting goat production in Botswana. All respondents were small-scale communal farmers with 63% respondents practising mixed crop-livestock farming and 37% keeping livestock as their primary activity...
June 17, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624868/how-does-cytomegalovirus-factor-into-diseases-of-aging-and-vaccine-responses-and-by-what-mechanisms
#4
REVIEW
Allison E Aiello, Yen-Ling Chiu, Daniela Frasca
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an important pathogen for both clinical and population settings. There is a growing body of research implicating CMV in multiple health outcomes across the life course. At the same time, there is mounting evidence that individuals living in poverty are more likely to be exposed to CMV and more likely to experience many of the chronic conditions for which CMV has been implicated. Further research on the causal role of CMV for health and well-being is needed. However, the strong evidence implicating CMV in type 2 diabetes, autoimmunity, cancer, cardiovascular disease, vaccination, and age-related alterations in immune function warrants clinical and public health action...
June 18, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616610/current-approaches-to-gastric-cancer-in-peru-and-mexico
#5
REVIEW
Erlan Santos
In Peru, the incidence of gastric cancer is reported to be around 15.8 per 100,000 inhabitants and it is the second most common oncological disease in men and the third one in women. Additionally, a high mortality index was reported, especially among poor people. To address this issue, in 2008, Peru initiated several insurance treatment plans of oncological diseases with promising results. In Mexico, there is a high predominance of gastric cancer in male gender compared to female gender, even reaching a 2/1 ratio, and the detection rate of early gastric cancer is low (10% to 20%) which results in a mainly palliative treatment with an overall survival rate in 5 years about 10% to 15% only...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609401/randomized-controlled-trial-of-caregiver-training-for-hiv-infected-child-neurodevelopment-and-caregiver-well-being
#6
Judith K Bass, Robert Opoka, Itziar Familiar, Noeline Nakasujja, Alla Sikorskii, Jorem Awadu, Deborah Givon, Cilly Shohet, Sarah M Murray, Jura Augustinavicius, Tamar Mendelson, Michael Boivin
OBJECTIVES: HIV infection places children at neurodevelopmental risk; for young children in poverty, risk is compounded by compromised caregiving quality. The Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (MISC) program trained caregivers on fostering daily interactions with young children. We hypothesized that MISC could (1) enhance neurodevelopment of rural Ugandan HIV-infected children and (2) improve mental health outcomes of their caregivers, which might mediate improved caregiving quality...
June 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608437/-we-don-t-do-it-for-the-money-%C3%A2-the-scale-and-reasons-of-poverty-pay-among-frontline-long-term-care-workers-in-england
#7
Shereen Hussein
Demographic trends escalate the demands for formal long-term care (LTC) in the majority of the developed world. The LTC workforce is characterised by its very low wages, the actual scale of which is less well known. This article investigates the scale of poverty-pay in the feminised LTC sector and attempts to understand the perceived reasons behind persisting low wages in the sector. The analysis makes use of large national workforce pay data and a longitudinal survey of care workers, as well as interviews with key stakeholders in the sector...
June 12, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586475/aging-in-activity-space-results-from-smartphone-based-gps-tracking-of-urban-seniors
#8
Erin York Cornwell, Kathleen A Cagney
Objectives: Prior research emphasizes the importance of the residential neighborhood context during later life but little attention has been afforded to other areas that older adults encounter as they move beyond their residential environments for daily activities and social interactions. This study examines the predominance of the residential context within older adults' everyday lives. Method: We provided 60 older adults in four New York City neighborhoods with iPhones, which captured Global Positioning Systems (GPS) locations at 5-min intervals over 1 week (n = 55,561) and 17 ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) over 4 days (n = 757) to assess real-time activities...
June 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584174/poor-livestock-keepers-ecosystem-poverty-health-interactions
#9
REVIEW
Delia Grace, Johanna Lindahl, Francis Wanyoike, Bernard Bett, Tom Randolph, Karl M Rich
Humans have never been healthier, wealthier or more numerous. Yet, present success may be at the cost of future prosperity and in some places, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, poverty persists. Livestock keepers, especially pastoralists, are over-represented among the poor. Poverty has been mainly attributed to a lack of access, whether to goods, education or enabling institutions. More recent insights suggest ecosystems may influence poverty and the self-reinforcing mechanisms that constitute poverty traps in more subtle ways...
July 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569084/the-correlates-of-quality-of-life-among-jordanian-patients-with-schizophrenia
#10
Ahmad Rayan, Khaldoon Obiedate
BACKGROUND: Addressing the quality of life (QOL) of patients with schizophrenia is of special importance in the Arab world, where little knowledge is available about their well-being, and most of them experience stigma and living in poverty. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of sociodemographic characteristics, severity of depressive symptoms, and various aspects of public stigma against mental illness, with QOL among Jordanian patients with schizophrenia...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561767/health-well-being-and-energy-poverty-in-europe-a-comparative-study-of-32-european-countries
#11
Harriet Thomson, Carolyn Snell, Stefan Bouzarovski
Despite growing pan-European interest in and awareness of the wide-ranging health and well-being impacts of energy poverty-which is characterised by an inability to secure adequate levels of energy services in the home-the knowledge base is largely British-centric and dominated by single-country studies. In response, this paper investigates the relationship between energy poverty, health and well-being across 32 European countries, using 2012 data from the European Quality of Life Survey. We find an uneven concentration of energy poverty, poor health, and poor well-being across Europe, with Eastern and Central Europe worst affected...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556546/a-state-wide-initiative-to-promote-genetic-testing-in-an-underserved-population
#12
Meghan L Underhill, Traci M Blonquist, Karleen Habin, Debra Lundquist, Kristen Shannon, Kathryn Robinson, Mary-Lou Woodford, Jean Boucher
Genetic testing for cancer susceptibility has been widely studied and utilized clinically. Access to genetic services in research and practice is largely limited to well-insured, Caucasian individuals. In 2009, the Cancer Resource Foundation (CRF) implemented the Genetic Information for Treatment Surveillance and Support (GIFTSS) program to cover the out-of-pocket expenses associated with cancer genetic testing, targeting high-risk individuals with limited financial means and limited health insurance coverage...
May 29, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555499/dangerous-sadness-nervoza-among-first-and-second-generation-macedonian-immigrants-to-australia
#13
Aleksandar Misev, Christine B Phillips
OBJECTIVE: Nervoza is a commonly-used illness category among Macedonian Australians. Although nervoza belongs broadly to the category of 'nerve illnesses' little is known of its meaning among Macedonian immigrants, and whether there is intergenerational attrition in its meaning and use. We aimed to explore how nervoza and its treatment are perceived by members of the Macedonian community in Australia. DESIGN: In-depth interviews in Macedonian with 18 participants from the Macedonian community in Melbourne, Australia...
May 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553024/nutritional-status-of-preschool-children-in-andaman-and-nicobar-islands-and-food-insecurity-food-groups-and-nutrient-consumption-among-population
#14
Sathya P Manimunda, Attayuru P Sugunan
BACKGROUND: Childhood undernutrition is a public health concern in India. But on such a serious issue, there are no data available from the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar (A and N) Islands. OBJECTIVES: Present study was designed to know the prevalence of food insecurity, to estimate food group and nutrient intake among the community, and undernutrition and clinical signs of micronutrient deficiency among the preschool children of A and N islands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multistage random sampling was followed to select the households containing children aged 6-59 months...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551642/effect-of-radiation-therapy-on-survival-in-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-a-seer-data-analysis
#15
Samip Master, Nebu Koshy, Ben Wilkinson, Lane Rosen, Glenn Mills, Richard Mansour, Runhua Shi
BACKGROUND/AIM: Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL) is curable in up to 80% of patients due, in part, to simultaneous advances in chemotherapy regimens as well as radiation therapy planning and delivery. Concerns regarding the historical use of large-field radiotherapy on overall survival have been published. In this study, we performed a Surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) data analysis to evaluate the impact of patients and treatments related factors on survival in HL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 39,700 adult patients registered in the SEER data with diagnosis of HL, between 1983-2011 and follow-up through 2012 were analyzed...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542578/illness-experiences-of-diabetes-in-the-context-of-malaria-in-settings-experiencing-double-burden-of-disease-in-southeastern-tanzania
#16
Emmy Metta, Ajay Bailey, Flora Kessy, Eveline Geubbels, Hinke Haisma
BACKGROUND: Tanzania is doubly burdened with both non-communicable and infectious diseases, but information on how Tanzanians experience the co-existence of these conditions is limited. Using Kleinman's eight prompting questions the study synthesizes explanatory models from patients to describe common illness experiences of diabetes in a rural setting where malaria is the predominant health threat. METHODS: We conducted 17 focus group discussions with adult members of the general community, diabetes patients, neighbours and relatives of diabetes patients to gain insight into shared experiences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541062/antisocial-and-human-capital-pathways-to-socioeconomic-exclusion-a-42-year-prospective-study
#17
Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko
Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#18
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504626/-danish-malaria-research-from-the-frail-beginning-to-internationally-acknowledged-research
#19
Micha Phill Grønholm Jepsen, Søren Jepsen, Jørgen Kurtzhals, Lars Hviid
Malaria - and particularly the disease caused by Plasmodium falciparum - remains a direct as well as indirect cause of poverty and immense human suffering. Research is imperative to alleviate this situation and to control and eventually eradicate the disease. Since the mid-1970s, Danish scientists have contributed increasingly to this effort by publishing more than 700 scientific papers and by training about 60 highly skilled malaria researchers. The efforts which continue to be thoroughly dependent on extensive external funding and public goodwill are briefly reviewed in this article...
May 15, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481900/yaws-resurgence-in-bankim-cameroon-the-relative-effectiveness-of-different-means-of-detection-in-rural-communities
#20
Alphonse Um Boock, Paschal Kum Awah, Ferdinand Mou, Mark Nichter
BACKGROUND: Yaws is an infectious, debilitating and disfiguring disease of poverty that mainly affects children in rural communities in tropical areas. In Cameroon, mass-treatment campaigns carried out in the 1950s reduced yaws to such low levels that it was presumed the disease was eradicated. In 2010, an epidemiological study in Bankim Health District detected 29 cases of yaws. Five different means of detecting yaws in clinical and community settings were initiated in Bankim over the following five years...
May 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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