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poverty and well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791476/identifying-county-characteristics-associated-with-resident-well-being-a-population-based-study
#1
Brita Roy, Carley Riley, Jeph Herrin, Erica S Spatz, Anita Arora, Kenneth P Kell, John Welsh, Elizabeth Y Rula, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Well-being is a positively-framed, holistic assessment of health and quality of life that is associated with longevity and better health outcomes. We aimed to identify county attributes that are independently associated with a comprehensive, multi-dimensional assessment of individual well-being. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study examining associations between 77 pre-specified county attributes and a multi-dimensional assessment of individual US residents' well-being, captured by the Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being Index...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780285/collaborative-youth-mental-health-service-users-immigration-poverty-and-family-environment
#2
Lucie Nadeau, Vanessa Lecompte, Janique Johnson-Lafleur, Annie Pontbriand, Cécile Rousseau
Background: This article examines the association between immigration, poverty and family environment, and the emotional and behavioral problems reported by youth and their family receiving mental health (MH) services within a collaborative care model in a multiethnic neighborhood. Method: Participants in this study were 140 parent-child dyads that are part of an ongoing longitudinal project looking at the association between individual, familial, social and organizational factors, and outcomes of youth receiving MH services in local health and social service organizations in the Montreal area...
May 2018: Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764634/first-generation-college-students-demographic-socio-economic-status-academic-experience-successes-and-challenges-at-pharmacy-schools-in-the-united-states
#3
Serge A Afeli, Tynesha A Houchins, Nieka S Jackson, Jacqueline Montoya
INTRODUCTION: Identify the demographic, socio-economic status, academic performance, and challenges of first generation college students (FGCS) enrolled in pharmacy schools. Investigate students' perception on the strengths of available resources to support FGCS during their tenure in pharmacy school. METHODS: About 342 FGCS and 248 non-FGCS (NFGCS) from 24 pharmacy schools participated in an online anonymous survey that evaluated students' demographics and socio-economic background, commitment to the pharmacy profession, strength of institutional support, and school experience...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760025/association-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-with-quality-of-primary-care
#4
Alan Katz, Dan Chateau, Jennifer E Enns, Jeff Valdivia, Carole Taylor, Randy Walld, Scott McCulloch
PURPOSE: In primary care, there is increasing recognition of the difficulty of treating patients' immediate health concerns when their overall well-being is shaped by underlying social determinants of health. We assessed the association of social complexity factors with the quality of care patients received in primary care settings. METHODS: Eleven social complexity factors were defined using administrative data on poverty, mental health, newcomer status, and justice system involvement from the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759076/threats-of-zika-virus-transmission-for-asia-and-its-hindu-kush-himalayan-region
#5
Meghnath Dhimal, Sushma Dahal, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Shiva Raj Mishra, Khem B Karki, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Ubydul Haque, Md Iqbal Kabir, Pradeep Guin, Azeem Mehmood Butt, Harapan Harapan, Qi-Yong Liu, Cordia Chu, Doreen Montag, David Alexander Groneberg, Basu Dev Pandey, Ulrich Kuch, Ruth Müller
Asia and its Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is particularly vulnerable to environmental change, especially climate and land use changes further influenced by rapid population growth, high level of poverty and unsustainable development. Asia has been a hotspot of dengue fever and chikungunya mainly due to its dense human population, unplanned urbanization and poverty. In an urban cycle, dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV) are transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes which are also competent vectors of Zika virus (ZIKV)...
May 15, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746470/new-insights-into-leishmaniasis-in-the-immunosuppressed
#6
REVIEW
Hannah Akuffo, Carlos Costa, Johan van Griensven, Sakib Burza, Javier Moreno, Mercè Herrero
Immunosuppression contributes significantly to the caseload of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). HIV coinfection, solid organ transplantation, malnutrition, and helminth infections are the most important immunosuppression-related factors. This review briefly describes the challenges of these associations. East Africa and the Indian subcontinent are the places where HIV imposes the highest burden in VL. In the highlands of Northern Ethiopia, migrant rural workers are at a greater risk of coinfection and malnutrition, while in India, HIV reduces the sustainability of a successful elimination programme...
May 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743136/improving-mental-health-among-ultra-poor-children-two-year-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-burkina-faso
#7
Leyla Ismayilova, Leyla Karimli, Jo Sanson, Eleni Gaveras, Rachel Nanema, Alexice Tô-Camier, Josh Chaffin
RATIONALE: There is limited evidence about interventions improving child mental health in francophone West Africa. Behavioral mental health interventions alone may have limited effects on children's emotional well-being in families living in abject poverty, especially in low-income countries. OBJECTIVE: This study tests the effects of economic intervention, alone and in combination with a family-focused component, on the mental health of children from ultra-poor households in rural Burkina Faso...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741734/society-of-behavioral-medicine-sbm-position-statement-sbm-urges-congress-to-preserve-and-extend-funding-for-medicaid-services
#8
Pamela Behrman, Jill Demirci, Betina Yanez, Nisha Beharie, Helena Laroche
In May 2017, the Trump administration proposed steep cuts to Medicaid funding. This proposal was met with bipartisan criticism, as this program provides vital healthcare coverage for vulnerable children, adults, and families, including those living below the federal poverty line. In addition to the proposed funding cuts, federally authorized state restrictions to Medicaid access (e.g., work requirements) have been proposed, putting the Medicaid coverage of scores of enrollees at risk. Overwhelming health costs from inadequate or absent insurance are found to contribute to financial problems, including bankruptcy...
May 8, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718517/nursing-students-perceptions-of-participatory-action-research
#9
Rick Csiernik, Tony O'Regan, Cheryl Forchuk, Abraham Rudnick
BACKGROUND: This article evaluates the experience of students engaged in a participatory action research project. METHOD: Nursing students were assigned to research activities addressing poverty and social inclusion in the lives of individuals with mental health issues. Focus group interviews were held with 25 students, representing 58.1% of eligible students. RESULTS: Themes and subthemes were categorized from the transcripts, with two overarching themes emerging: (a) aspects that worked well, and (b) aspects that could be improved...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703209/catastrophic-healthcare-expenditure-and-impoverishment-in-tropical-deltas-evidence-from-the-mekong-delta-region
#10
Sayem Ahmed, Sylvia Szabo, Kristine Nilsen
BACKGROUND: Universal health coverage implies that people obtain the health services they need without experiencing financial hardship. While the factors contributing to catastrophic health expenditure (CHE) among households are well understood, few studies have examined this relationship in the context of environmentally vulnerable regions, such as tropical deltas. This study aims to examine the disparities in the prevalence of CHE and impoverishment due to out-of-pocket (OOP) healthcare payments in the Mekong Delta in comparison with rest of Vietnam...
April 27, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697846/recent-changes-in-health-insurance-coverage-for-urban-and-rural-veterans-evidence-from-the-first-year-of-the-affordable-care-act
#11
Michel Boudreaux, Deanna Barath, Lynn A Blewett
Introduction: Prior to the Affordable Care Act, as many as 1.3 million veterans lacked health insurance. With the passage of the Affordable Care Act, veterans now have new pathways to coverage through Medicaid expansion in those states that chose to expand Medicaid and through private coverage options offered through the Health Insurance Marketplace. We examined the impact of the ACA on health insurance coverage for veterans in expansion and non-expansion states and for urban and rural veterans...
April 25, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697411/a-sustainable-model-for-cochlear-implantation-in-the-developing-world-perspectives-from-the-indian-subcontinent
#12
Raghunandhan Sampath Kumar, Mohan Kameswaran
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The overall prevalence of deafness in India is 0.2%, but the prevalence in the southern state of Tamil Nadu is much higher (around 0.6%) because of consanguinity. Especially in India, establishing cochlear implantation as a treatment modality for hearing loss has been a daunting task, but in the last decade, the cochlear implantation program has emerged as an unqualified success in many states, with over 20 000 cochlear implantations done till date. Several states are sponsoring free implants to children under the age of 6 years and below poverty line...
April 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694454/-we-ve-learned-it-s-a-medical-illness-not-a-moral-choice-qualitative-study-of-the-effects-of-a-multicomponent-addiction-intervention-on-hospital-providers-attitudes-and-experiences
#13
Honora Englander, Devin Collins, Sylvia Peterson Perry, Molly Rabinowitz, Elena Phoutrides, Christina Nicolaidis
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUD) represent a national epidemic with increasing rates of SUD-related hospitalizations. However, most hospitals lack expertise or systems to directly address SUD. Healthcare professionals feel underprepared and commonly hold negative views toward patients with SUD. Little is known about how hospital interventions may affect providers' attitudes and experiences toward patients with SUD. OBJECTIVE: To explore interprofessional hospital providers' perspectives on how integrating SUD treatment and care systems affect providers' attitudes, beliefs, and experiences...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678973/involving-the-public-in-epidemiological-public-health-research-a-qualitative-study-of-public-and-stakeholder-involvement-in-evaluation-of-a-population-wide-natural-policy-experiment
#14
Rachel Anderson de Cuevas, Lotta Nylén, Bo Burström, Margaret Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Public involvement in research is considered good practice by European funders; however, evidence of its research impact is sparse, particularly in relation to large-scale epidemiological research. OBJECTIVES: To explore what difference public and stakeholder involvement made to the interpretation of findings from an evaluation of a natural policy experiment to influence the wider social determinants of health: 'Flexicurity'. SETTING: Stockholm County, Sweden...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678188/doing-battle-with-the-monster-how-high-risk-heterosexuals-experience-and-successfully-manage-hiv-stigma-as-a-barrier-to-hiv-testing
#15
Marya Gwadz, Noelle R Leonard, Sylvie Honig, Robert Freeman, Alexandra Kutnick, Amanda S Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Annual HIV testing is recommended for populations at-risk for HIV in the United States, including heterosexuals geographically connected to urban high-risk areas (HRA) with elevated rates of HIV prevalence and poverty, who are primarily African American/Black or Hispanic. Yet this subpopulation of "individuals residing in HRA" (IR-HRA) evidence low rates of regular HIV testing. HIV stigma is a recognized primary barrier to testing, in part due to its interaction with other stigmatized social identities...
April 20, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673253/depression-poverty-and-abuse-experience-in-suicide-ideation-among-older-koreans
#16
Shin-Young Lee, Madhu Sudhan Atteraya
We examined to what extent the depression, poverty, and elder abuse experience affect suicide ideation among older Koreans. The data from the Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Korean Older Persons were used. A sample of 10,279 members was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis revealed that younger old (65-69 years) were more likely to have suicide ideation that oldest old (80 years and older). After including all predicting variables such as depression, poverty, and abuse experience, results showed that depression, poverty, and abuse experience remained predictors for suicide ideation...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669642/the-nurse-philanthropist-where-care-and-cause-meet
#17
Najah Bazzy
A transcultural clinical nurse specialist narrates how nursing has provided ways to exercise her passion for the clinical intellect as it intersects with the compassion of the heart. She encourages nurses to become social justice entrepreneurs, or what she terms Nurse Philanthropists, devoting time, talent, and energy to social justice issues as activists, advocates, and ambassadors. Florence Nightingale was the first Nurse Philanthropist, using wealth she inherited to establish St. Thomas Hospital in London...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665161/poverty-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-in-hospital-mortality-in-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-study-in-a-developing-country-population
#18
Hassan Jahanihashemi, Mona Babaie, Soroush Bijani, Maryam Bazzazan, Behzad Bijani
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most severe lower respiratory tract infections with a high in-hospital mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and medical risk factors affecting the prognosis of acute pneumonia. The results of this study can mention the value of socioeconomic backgrounds like poverty and illiteracy in clinical practice, even in a well-known biological phenomenon (eg acute pneumonia). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all admitted patients to a tertiary teaching hospital with a diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia in a 12-month period were enrolled...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659331/comparative-analysis-of-aging-policy-reforms-in-argentina-chile-costa-rica-and-mexico
#19
Esteban Calvo, Maureen Berho, Mónica Roqué, Juan Sebastián Amaro, Fernando Morales, Emiliana Rivera, Luis Miguel F Gutiérrez Robledo, Elizabeth Caro López, Bernardita Canals, Rosa Kornfeld
This investigation uses case studies and comparative analysis to review and analyze aging policy in Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, and Mexico, and uncovers similarities and relevant trends in the substance of historical and current aging policy across countries. Initial charity-based approaches to poverty and illness have been gradually replaced by a rights-based approach considering broader notions of well-being, and recent reforms emphasize the need for national, intersectoral, evidence-based policy. The results of this study have implications for understanding aging policy in Latin America from a welfare regime and policymakers' perspective, identifying priorities for intervention, and informing policy reforms in developing countries worldwide...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656716/assessing-food-security-using-household-consumption-expenditure-surveys-hces-a-scoping-literature-review
#20
Joanna Russell, Anne Lechner, Quentin Hanich, Aurélie Delisle, Brooke Campbell, Karen Charlton
OBJECTIVE: To meet some of the UN's seventeen Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, there is a need for more effective policy to reduce food insecurity in low-income and lower-middle-income countries (LMIC). Measuring progress towards these goals requires reliable indicators of food security in these countries. Routinely conducted household consumption and expenditure surveys (HCES) provide potentially valuable and nationally representative data sets for this purpose. The present study aimed to assess methods used to determine national food security status using proxy measures from HCES data in LMIC globally...
April 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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