keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

poverty and well-being

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914213/parental-support-for-human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-by-adolescents-in-ibadan-north-local-government-area-ibadan-nigeria
#1
Magbagbeola David Dairo, Moradeke Omoyemi Adeleke, Adetokunbo Taophic Salawu, Ayobami David Adewole
BACKGROUND: Despite changing sexual norms and mores generally perceived to be permissive of sexual expression, parents continue to serve as gateways to uptake of reproductive health services and commodities in our cultural settings. However, their support for adolescent uptake of human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine are not well explored and documented. This study aims to assess parental knowledge and awareness of HPV infection and cervical cancer and their support for HPV vaccination for their adolescent children...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914191/beyond-the-checklist-understanding-rural-health-vulnerability-in-a-south-african-context
#2
Richard Vergunst, Leslie Swartz, Gubela Mji, Janis Kritzinger, Stine Hellum Braathen
BACKGROUND: Vulnerability in the past has sometimes been measured and understood in terms of checklists or common understanding. It is argued here that vulnerability is a more complex issue than this. Although checklists of vulnerable groups are important, they do not capture the essence and dynamics of vulnerability. OBJECTIVE: The case of rural health vulnerability in South Africa is discussed to show that classifying people into vulnerable groups does not portray the complexity and intricacies of what it means to have vulnerability...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905966/rapid-assessment-of-disability-in-the-philippines-understanding-prevalence-well-being-and-access-to-the-community-for-people-with-disabilities-to-inform-the-w-dare-project
#3
Manjula Marella, Alexandra Devine, Graeme Ferdinand Armecin, Jerome Zayas, Ma Jesusa Marco, Cathy Vaughan
BACKGROUND: International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the recently agreed Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs) 2015-2030. Given the current global agenda for disability inclusion, it is crucial to increase the understanding of the situation of people with disabilities in the Philippines. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities...
August 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891435/a-study-of-clinical-profile-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-scabies-at-a-rural-tertiary-care-centre
#4
Pragya Ashok Nair, Rita Vipul Vora, Nidhi B Jivani, Shailee S Gandhi
INTRODUCTION: Scabies is a contagious disease primarily related to poverty and overcrowding, it rapidly spreads from person to person specially in people with poor hygiene. We come across many patients from rural areas with scabies. In India the incidence ranges from 13% to 59% in rural and urban areas. Many people complain of sleep disturbances and affection of work and leisure activities due to itching. Very few studies are done in India about the affection of quality of life in such patients...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885049/residential-segregation-and-mental-health-among-latinos-in-a-nationally-representative-survey
#5
Carrie J Nobles, Sarah E Valentine, E David Zepeda, Ye Wang, Emily M Ahles, Derri L Shtasel, Luana Marques
BACKGROUND: Among Latinos, living in a locality with greater Latino ethnic density may be protective for mental health, although findings vary by Latino subgroup, gender and birthplace. Although little studied, Latino residential segregation may capture different pathways linking risk and protective environmental factors to mental health than local ethnic density. METHODS: This study evaluated the association between residential segregation and mental distress as measured by the Kessler-10 (K10) among Latino participants in the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876090/the-impact-of-household-wealth-on-child-survival-in-ghana
#6
Stella T Lartey, Rasheda Khanam, Shingo Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Improving child health is one of the major policy agendas for most of the governments, especially in the developing countries. These governments have been implementing various strategies such as improving healthcare financing, improving access to health, increasing educational level, and income level of the household to improve child health. Despite all these efforts, under-five and infant mortality rates remain high in many developing nations. Some previous studies examined how economic development or household's economic condition contributes to child survival in developing countries...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864517/an-extensive-burden-of-giardiasis-associated-with-intestinal-schistosomiasis-and-anaemia-in-school-children-on-the-shoreline-of-lake-albert-uganda
#7
Hajri Al-Shehri, Michelle C Stanton, James E LaCourse, Aaron Atuhaire, Moses Arinaitwe, Aida Wamboko, Moses Adriko, Narcis B Kabatereine, J Russell Stothard
BACKGROUND: Water-borne parasitic diseases associated with poverty still blight the lives of African school children. In Uganda, intestinal schistosomiasis is still common along the shoreline of Lake Albert, despite ongoing control, and co-infection with giardiasis and malaria is poorly described. To shed light on putative interactions between diseases, a prospective cross-sectional parasitological survey was undertaken in five primary schools. METHODS: Stool samples from 254 school children, aged 5-10 years, were examined by microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), with additional real-time PCR assays for detection of Giardia DNA...
November 17, 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854531/health-and-social-conditions-of-the-poorest-versus-wealthiest-counties-in-the-united-states
#8
Olivia Egen, Kate Beatty, David J Blackley, Katie Brown, Randy Wykoff
OBJECTIVES: To more clearly articulate, and more graphically demonstrate, the impact of poverty on various health outcomes and social conditions by comparing the poorest counties to the richest counties in the United States and to other countries in the world. METHODS: We used 5-year averages for median household income to form the 3141 US counties into 50 new "states"-each representing 2% of the counties in the United States (62 or 63 counties each)-by using the 2015 County Health Rankings National Data...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844176/the-impact-of-minimum-wages-on-population-health-evidence-from-24-oecd-countries
#9
Otto Lenhart
This study examines the relationship between minimum wages and several measures of population health by analyzing data from 24 OECD countries for a time period of 31 years. Specifically, I test for health effects as a result of within-country variations in the generosity of minimum wages, which are measured by the Kaitz index. The paper finds that higher levels of minimum wages are associated with significant reductions of overall mortality rates as well as in the number of deaths due to outcomes that have been shown to be more prevalent among individuals with low socioeconomic status (e...
November 14, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843827/anemia-and-its-determinants-among-women-of-reproductive-age-of-a-slum-in-kolkata-a-focus-group-discussion-among-health-workers-in-a-slum-of-kolkata
#10
Aparajita Dasgupta, Kaushik Sarkar, Ranadip Chowdhury, Arindam Ray, Bhaskar Shahbabu
CONTEXT: Anemia is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality among women of reproductive age. Progress toward reducing the burden of anemia has been little despite efforts through decades. AIMS: We conducted this study to unearth the microlevel determinants of anemia among women of reproductive age. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This qualitative study was conducted in Urban Health Centre (UHC), Chetla. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A focus group discussion was held among all the eight health staffs, who were involved in reproductive and child health-related service delivery under UHC, Chetla...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842738/-prevalence-of-positive-screen-for-postpartum-depression-in-a-tertiary-hospital-and-associated-factors
#11
Roberth Alirio Ortiz Martinez, Cristal Ximena Gallego Betancourt, Ednna Lizeth Buitron Zuñiga, Yohana Daisury Meneses Valdés, Nestor Felipe Muñoz Fernandez, Maria Alejandra Gonzales Barrera
: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a major health problem. With a three times higher prevalence in developing countries, it is of multiple origin and affects maternal well-being, such as health and behaviour, as well as the development of the child. The influence of biological, psychological, and social factors and their implications have been recognised in the origins of PPD, with different prevalence reported depending on the characteristics of the study population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of PPD in the University Hospital in San José de Popayan (HUSJ) and examine the factors associated with its development...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842634/a-review-of-the-peri-operative-management-of-paediatric-burns-identifying-adverse-events
#12
H Rode, C Brink, K Bester, M P Coleman, T Baisey, R Martinez
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries are common in poverty-stricken countries. The majority of patients with large and complex burns are referred to burn centres. Of the children who qualify for admission, according to burn admission criteria, about half require some kind of surgical procedure to obtain skin cover. These range from massive full-thickness fire burns to skin grafts for small, residual unhealed wounds. Burn anaesthetic procedures are of the most difficult to perform and are known for high complication rates...
November 2, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834249/population-well-being-measures-help-explain-geographic-disparities-in-life-expectancy-at-the-county-level
#13
Anita Arora, Erica Spatz, Jeph Herrin, Carley Riley, Brita Roy, Kenneth Kell, Carter Coberley, Elizabeth Rula, Harlan M Krumholz
Geographic disparities in life expectancy are substantial and not fully explained by differences in race and socioeconomic status. To develop policies that address these inequalities, it is essential to identify other factors that account for this variation. In this study we investigated whether population well-being-a comprehensive measure of physical, mental, and social health-helps explain geographic variation in life expectancy. At the county level, we found that for every 1-standard-deviation (4.2-point) increase in the well-being score, life expectancy was 1...
November 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829289/experiences-of-attitudes-in-sierra-leone-from-the-perspective-of-people-with-poliomyelitis-and-amputations-using-orthotics-and-prosthetics
#14
Emmelie Andregård, Lina Magnusson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe experiences of attitudes in the society of Sierra Leone from the perspective of individuals with poliomyelitis and people with amputations using orthotic or prosthetic devices. METHODS: Individual interviews were conducted using open-ended questions. Twelve participants with amputations or polio were included. Content analysis was applied to the data. RESULTS: The following six themes emerged during data analysis: Experience of negative attitudes; Neglected and respected by family; Traditional beliefs; The importance of assistive devices; People with disability struggle with poverty; and The need for governmental and international support...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825307/prevalence-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-and-predictive-factors-in-an-urban-informal-settlement-in-johannesburg-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Jabulani R Ncayiyana, Jean Bassett, Nora West, Daniel Westreich, Eustasius Musenge, Michael Emch, Audrey Pettifor, Colleen F Hanrahan, Sheree R Schwartz, Ian Sanne, Annelies van Rie
BACKGROUND: South Africa has one of the highest burdens of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in high-risk populations such as young children, adolescents, household contacts of TB cases, people living with HIV, gold miners and health care workers, but little is known about the burden of LTBI in its general population. METHODS: Using a community-based survey with random sampling, we examined the burden of LTBI in an urban township of Johannesburg and investigated factors associated with LTBI...
November 8, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824340/spatial-and-temporal-dynamics-of-multidimensional-well-being-livelihoods-and-ecosystem-services-in-coastal-bangladesh
#16
Helen Adams, W Neil Adger, Sate Ahmad, Ali Ahmed, Dilruba Begum, Attila N Lázár, Zoe Matthews, Mohammed Mofizur Rahman, Peter Kim Streatfield
Populations in resource dependent economies gain well-being from the natural environment, in highly spatially and temporally variable patterns. To collect information on this, we designed and implemented a 1586-household quantitative survey in the southwest coastal zone of Bangladesh. Data were collected on material, subjective and health dimensions of well-being in the context of natural resource use, particularly agriculture, aquaculture, mangroves and fisheries. The questionnaire included questions on factors that mediate poverty outcomes: mobility and remittances; loans and micro-credit; environmental perceptions; shocks; and women's empowerment...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821303/child-access-to-the-nutritional-safety-net-during-and-after-the-great-recession-the-case-of-wic
#17
Margot I Jackson, Patrick Mayne
Because children disproportionately live in poverty, they are especially vulnerable during economic crises, making the social safety net a key buffer against the effects of economic disadvantage on their development. The Great Recession of 2007-2009 had strong and lasting effects on American children and families, including striking negative effects on their health environments. Understanding access to the health safety net during this time of increased economic need, as well as the extent to which all children-regardless of age, income or race/ethnicity-share in the increased use of transfer programs, is therefore important in identifying the availability and accessibility of government assistance for those in need...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814703/estimating-long-term-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-hpv-16-18-vaccine-in-china
#18
Qian Zhang, Yi-Jun Liu, Shang-Ying Hu, Fang-Hui Zhao
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and 18 are the two most common HPV oncogenic types that can be prevented by vaccination. This study aimed at assessing the cost-effectiveness of 3 doses of the bivalent HPV vaccine in rural and urban settings in China. METHODS: A Markov model was adapted to reflect the lifetime of a modelled 100,000 12-year-old girls cohort in rural and urban settings in China. Input parameters were obtained from published literature, official reports and a two-round expert review panel...
November 4, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809853/asthma-exacerbations-and-traffic-examining-relationships-using-link-based-traffic-metrics-and-a-comprehensive-patient-database
#19
Paula Lindgren, Jean Johnson, Allan Williams, Barbara Yawn, Gregory C Pratt
BACKGROUND: The Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) is a unique community-based medical record data linkage system that provides individual patient address, diagnosis and visit information for all hospitalizations, as well as emergency department, urgent care and outpatient clinic visits for asthma. Proximity to traffic is known to be associated with asthma exacerbations and severity. Our null hypothesis was that there is no association between residential proximity to traffic and asthma exacerbations over eleven years of REP data...
November 3, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802103/food-insecurity-among-young-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-the-national-health-interview-survey
#20
Debra L Brucker, Derek Nord
People with intellectual or developmental disabilities (IDD) face higher levels of poverty than others, which can lead to concerns regarding areas of well-being, such as food security. Young adults with IDD who are, in many cases, transitioning from the system of educational, health care, and income supports of their youth into the adult world may be particularly vulnerable. Using pooled data from the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey, we find that young adults with IDD have significantly higher levels of food insecurity than young adults without disabilities, even when controlling for poverty...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
keyword
keyword
74897
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"