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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229223/genders-and-individual-treatment-progress-in-non-binary-trans-individuals
#1
Andreas Koehler, Jana Eyssel, Timo O Nieder
BACKGROUND: Health care for transgender and transsexual (ie, trans) individuals has long been based on a binary understanding of gender (ie, feminine vs masculine). However, the existence of non-binary or genderqueer (NBGQ) genders is increasingly recognized by academic and/or health care professionals. AIM: To gain insight into the individual health care experiences and needs of binary and NBGQ individuals to improve their health care outcomes and experience. METHODS: Data were collected using an online survey study on experiences with trans health care...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227412/validity-and-responsiveness-to-change-of-the-30-second-chair-stand-test-in-older-adults-admitted-to-an-emergency-department
#2
Inge Hansen Bruun, Christian B Mogensen, Birgitte Nørgaard, Berit Schiøttz-Christensen, Thomas Maribo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few physical performance measurement tools are validated for acutely admitted older adults, and for this reason we aimed to examine the validity and responsiveness to change of the 30-second Chair-Stand Test (30s-CST) used to assess physical performance in older adults admitted to a short-stay unit in an emergency department. METHODS: Construct validity of the 30s-CST, using 8 as a cutoff point for dependency in activities of daily living, was examined using 207 patients...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226654/evaluation-of-hepcidin-and-atherosclerosis-in-dialysis-patients
#3
Victor Manolov, Julia Petrova, Boris Bogov, Savina Hadjidekova, Vasil Vasilev, Dyana Yonova, Maria Petrova, Todor Kunchev, Yavor Jelev, Petar Jeliazkov, Borislav Marinov, Ivo Bogov, Zlatina Gramatikova, Silviya Voleva, Kamen Tzatchev, Latchezar Traykov
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition that involves 10% - 15% of population worldwide, which increases the risk of cardio-vascular diseases (CVD). Chronic kidney disease is one of the main reasons for illness and mortality in the world. Chronic kidney disease is a serious health problem caused by involvement of a large number of patients with kidney injury, especially in industrial countries. Among the main reasons for this are population living longer and the number of diseases in elderly persons, such as diabetes mellitus type 2, hypertension, and cardio-vascular diseases...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226119/substitution-of-formal-and-informal-home-care-service-use-and-nursing-home-service-use-health-outcomes-decision-making-preferences-and-implications-for-a-public-health-policy
#4
Chia-Ching Chen, Tetsuji Yamada, Taeko Nakashima, I-Ming Chiu
Objectives: The purposes of this study are: (1) to empirically identify decision-making preferences of long-term health-care use, especially informal and formal home care (FHC) service use; (2) to evaluate outcomes vs. costs based on substitutability of informal and FHC service use; and (3) to investigate health outcome disparity based on substitutability. Methodology and data: The methods of ordinary least squares, a logit model, and a bivariate probit model are used by controlling for socioeconomic, demographic, and physical/mental health factors to investigate outcomes and costs based substitutability of informal and formal health-care use...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225932/potential-applications-of-telenephrology-to-enhance-global-kidney-care
#5
REVIEW
Mohamed A Osman, Julius Okel, Ikechi G Okpechi, Kailash Jindal, Aminu K Bello
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important public health issue that increasingly affects more patients globally and is associated with adverse clinical consequences with huge economic impact. Effective management of patients with CKD requires delivery of kidney care in a primary care setting where possible and at a higher level with a nephrologist when necessary to improve outcomes. In many instances and for various reasons, it is not possible to follow this pathway of care delivery. With improving telecommunication technologies worldwide, it is hoped that increasing utilisation of electronic communication devices can be used to facilitate kidney care to improve the quality of care delivered to patients, especially those who live in remote regions...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223870/validation-of-an-algorithm-to-detect-severe-ms-relapses-in-administrative-health-databases
#6
James John Marriott, Hui Chen, Randall Fransoo, Ruth Ann Marrie
BACKGROUND: Severe relapses that required treatment were important outcomes in the sentinel trials of disease-modifying therapy (DMT). Identifying such relapses in administrative data would allow comparative-effectiveness studies of DMTs to be conducted in real-world clinical settings. METHODS: All relapsing-remitting (RRMS) and secondary-progressive (SPMS) patients living in Manitoba between 1999 and 2015 were identified using a validated case definition and linkage to the Manitoba MS Clinic database...
December 2, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221944/living-uterus-donation-and-transplantation-experience-of-interest-and-screening-in-a-single-center-in-the-united-states
#7
Liza Johannesson, Kristin Wallis, E Colin Koon, Gregory J Mckenna, Tiffany Anthony, Sara G Leffingwell, Goran B Klintmalm, Robert T Gunby, Giuliano Testa
BACKGROUND: Little is known about attitudes toward uterus donation and transplantation in society and the interest of the women the treatment is aimed to assist. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the interest of recipients and living donors in our uterus transplantation program; it describes the screening protocol we developed and the results of the screening and reports demographic data and characteristics of screened candidates. STUDY DESIGN: Initial screening and evaluation included physical examinations by a gynecologist and a transplant surgeon; psychological evaluation; imaging (x-ray, computed tomography, ultrasound); blood tests; immunological testing; viral, bacterial, and fungal testing; drug screen; hormonal testing; Pap smear; urinalysis; and electrocardiogram...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221557/-citizen-commitment-for-humanistic-values
#8
Dominique Potier
Nowadays, as part of the population is seeking meaning, there are reasons to hope that we can live together better in our country. Avoiding resignation and passivity, the purpose of developing humanistic values, those of the Republic, is to build a society that is fairer, more serene and fraternal. A citizen commitment opens up possibilities for this.
December 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221461/seeking-a-second-medical-opinion-composition-reasons-and-perceived-outcomes-in-israel
#9
Liora Shmueli, Nadav Davidovitch, Joseph S Pliskin, Ran D Balicer, Igal Hekselman, Geva Greenfield
BACKGROUND: Seeking a second-opinion (SO) is a common clinical practice that can optimize treatment and reduce unnecessary procedures and risks. We aim to characterize the composition of the population of SO seekers, their reasons for seeking a SO and choosing a specific physician, and their perceived outcomes following the SO. METHODS: A cross-sectional national telephone survey, using a representative sample of the general Israeli population (n = 848, response rate = 62%)...
December 8, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219877/effectiveness-of-robotic-assisted-rehabilitation-for-mobility-and-functional-ability-in-adult-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#10
Kenneth Lo, Matthew Stephenson, Craig Lockwood
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability, and rehabilitation, involving repetitive, high intensity, task-specific exercises, is the pathway to restoring motor skills. Robotic assistive devices are increasingly being used and it is hoped that with robotic devices, rehabilitation progress can be achieved for patients. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of robotic devices in the rehabilitation of stroke patients for upper limb mobility, lower limb mobility, and activities of daily living...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218847/potential-exposure-to-australian-bat-lyssavirus-is-unlikely-to-prevent-future-bat-handling-among-adults-in-south-east-queensland
#11
M K Young, S Banu, B J McCall, S Vlack, H Carroll, S Bennett, R Davison, D Francis
Despite ongoing public health messages about the risks associated with bat contact, the number of potential exposures to Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) due to intentional handling by members of the general public in Queensland has remained high. We sought to better understand the reasons for intentional handling among these members of the public who reported their potential exposure to inform future public health messages. We interviewed adults who resided in a defined geographic area in South East Queensland and notified potential exposure to ABLV due to intentional handling of bats by telephone between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 8, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218008/improving-the-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-a-difficult-but-essential-task-for-a-successful-hiv-treatment-clinical-points-of-view-and-practical-considerations
#12
REVIEW
Simona A Iacob, Diana G Iacob, Gheorghita Jugulete
HIV infection is responsible for one the most devastating human pandemics. The advent of antiretroviral therapy has changed the course of the pandemic and saved millions of lives. Complex therapeutic regimens have been introduced since 1996 and have contributed to the transformation of HIV infection into a treatable chronic diseases. New types of potent antiretrovirals and their combinations, including "once daily" treatment, have simplified the regimens and diminished side effects. Nevertheless the adherence to antiretroviral therapy remains unsatisfactory and varies between 27 and 80% across different population in various studies, compared with the required level of 95%...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217695/harmonizing-methods-for-estimating-the-impact-of-contraceptive-use-on-unintended-pregnancy-abortion-and-maternal-health
#13
Ian Askew, Michelle Weinberger, Aisha Dasgupta, Jacqueline Darroch, Ellen Smith, John Stover, Melanie Yahner
Estimates of the potential impacts of contraceptive use on averting unintended pregnancies, total and unsafe abortions, maternal deaths, and newborn, infant, and child deaths provide evidence of the value of investments in family planning programs and thus are critically important for policy makers, donors, and advocates alike. Several research teams have independently developed mathematical models that estimate the number of adverse health outcomes averted due to contraceptive use. However, each modeling approach was designed for different purposes, and as such the methodological assumptions, data inputs, and mathematical algorithms initially used in each model differed; consequently, the models did not produce comparable estimates for the same outcome indicators...
December 7, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216874/factors-influencing-the-experience-of-sexual-and-reproductive-healthcare-for-female-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-a-qualitative-case-study
#14
Gertrude Mwalabu, Catrin Evans, Sarah Redsell
BACKGROUND: Young people living with perinatally-acquired HIV require age-appropriate support regarding sex and relationships as they progress towards adulthood. HIV affects both genders but evidence suggests that young women are particularly vulnerable to sexual abuse and more prone to engaging in sexual behaviours to meet their daily survival needs. This can result in poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. HIV services in Malawi provide support for young women's HIV-related clinical needs, but it is unclear whether there is sufficient provision for their SRH needs as they become adults...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214927/probiotic-supplementation-in-sports-and-physical-exercise-does-it-present-any-ergogenic-effect
#15
Audrey Yule Coqueiro, Amanda Beatriz de Oliveira Garcia, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Julio Tirapegui
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are live microorganisms that promote health benefits to the host. Evidence indicates that some probiotic strains play an immunomodulatory role and reduce the incidence of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections in athletes and in physical activity practitioners. For this reason, probiotic supplementation could indirectly improve exercise performance. However, recent studies have observed direct ergogenic effects of probiotics, but the mechanisms of action are poorly elucidated...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214026/evaluating-treatment-outcomes-and-durations-among-cases-of-smear-positive-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-yemen-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#16
Ammar Ali Saleh Jaber, Amer Hayat Khan, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman
Background: Evaluating outcomes after tuberculosis (TB) treatment can help identify the primary reasons for treatment success or failure. However, Yemen has a treatment success rate that remains below the World Health Organization's target. This study aimed to identify factors that were associated with unsuccessful treatment and prolonged treatment (>1 year). Method: Newly diagnosed cases of smear-positive pulmonary TB were prospectively followed at two centers (Taiz and Alhodidah, Yemen) between April 2014 and March 2015...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212340/encouragers-and-discouragers-affecting-medical-graduates-choice-of-regional-and-rural-practice-locations
#17
Ann McKillop, Craig Webster, Win Bennett, Barbara O'Connor, Warwick Bagg
INTRODUCTION: Access to health care as near to where people live as possible is desirable. However, not enough medical graduates choose to work in rural and regional areas, especially in general practice. The career decisions of recent medical graduates are known to be affected by a variety of professional, societal and personal factors. Internationally, medical programmes have exposed students to regional and rural experiences partly to encourage them to seek employment in these areas after graduation...
December 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212048/electroclinical-features-of-epilepsy-associated-with-1p36-deletion-syndrome-a-review
#18
REVIEW
M Greco, P Ferrara, G Farello, P Striano, A Verrotti
1p36 terminal deletion is a recently recognized syndrome with multiple congenital anomalies and intellectual disability. It occurs approximately in 1 out of 5000 to 10,000 live births and is the most common subtelomeric microdeletion observed in human. Medical problems commonly caused by terminal deletions of 1p36 include developmental delay, intellectual disability, seizures, vision problems, hearing loss, short stature, brain anomalies, congenital heart defects, cardiomyopathy, renal anomalies and distinctive facial features...
December 2, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211502/physical-activity-perceptions-of-people-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-living-in-the-community
#19
Penelope Analytis, Adam McKay, Megan Hamilton, Gavin Williams, Narelle Warren, Jennie Ponsford
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Increasing physical activity (PA) among people with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents an important long-term rehabilitation goal. To design effective interventions to promote PA, the factors associated with PA engagement post-TBI need to be understood. RESEARCH DESIGN: A qualitative study design was employed to investigate the factors influencing PA engagement in people with severe TBI living in the community. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with eight people with severe TBI three to five years post-injury...
December 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209966/residue-behavior-and-risk-assessment-of-imidacloprid-applied-on-greenhouse-cultivated-strawberries-under-different-application-conditions
#20
Tao Cang, Caixia Sun, Hua Zhao, Tao Tang, Changpeng Zhang, Ruixian Yu, Xinquan Wang, Qiang Wang, Fen Dai, Xueping Zhao
A risk assessment for imidacloprid applied on strawberries under different conditions was performed after residue determination using the quick, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) method. The application conditions were varied according to the applied dosage, addition of a plant oil or organosilicon surfactant, water volume, and sprayer type. The degradation dynamics of imidacloprid on strawberries followed first-order kinetics. At applied doses of 30-60 g a.i. ha-1, the half-lives of imidacloprid were 2...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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