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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668058/i-introduction-understanding-medicines-and-medical-interventions
#1
Kristi L Lockhart, Frank C Keil
We live in an increasingly pharmacological and medical world, where children and adults frequently encounter alleged treatments for an enormous range of illnesses. How do we come to understand what heals and why? Here, 15 studies explore how 1,414 children (ages 5-11) and 882 adults construe the efficacies of different kinds of cures. Developmental patterns in folk physics, psychology, and biology lead to predictions about which expectations about cures will remain relatively constant across development and which will change...
June 2018: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665802/an-observational-study-of-immigrant-mortality-differences-in-norway-by-reason-for-migration-length-of-stay-and-characteristics-of-sending-countries
#2
Astri Syse, Minja T Dzamarija, Bernadette N Kumar, Esperanza Diaz
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of mortality differentials in immigrant groups depending on their reason for migration, length of stay in host countries and characteristics of sending countries may be beneficial for policy interventions aimed to improve various immigrant groups' health and welfare. METHODS: We employed discrete-time hazard regression models with time-varying covariates to compare the death risk of immigrants to those of Norwegian-born natives using linked register data on the Norwegian population aged 25-79 during 1990-2015...
April 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665462/urinary-phthalate-metabolites-and-environmental-phenols-in-university-students-in-south-china
#3
Xue-Mei Zhang, Xiang-Ying Lou, Liu-Hong Wu, Cong Huang, Da Chen, Ying Guo
In China, university students have unique lifestyles compared with the rest of the youth population, as they are almost entirely isolated in campuses. The number of university students is large, and since students represent the future of human reproduction, exposure to environmental endocrine disruptors (EEDs) may have a large impact on society. In this study, levels of several EEDs, including phthalate metabolites, parabens, bisphenol A (BPA) and its analogues, triclosan (TCS), and benzophenone-3, were determined in 169 urine samples collected from university students in Guangzhou, South China...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664960/long-term-outcomes-of-patients-evacuated-from-hospitals-near-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#4
Yutaka Igarashi, Takashi Tagami, Jun Hagiwara, Takahiro Kanaya, Norihiro Kido, Mariko Omura, Ryoichi Tosa, Hiroyuki Yokota
INTRODUCTION: After the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant due to the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011, the Japanese government issued a mandatory evacuation order for people living within a 20 km radius of the nuclear power plant. The aim of the current study was to investigate long-term outcomes of these patients and identify factors related to mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who were evacuated from hospitals near the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant to the Aizu Chuo Hospital from 15 to 26 March, 2011 were included in this study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664789/what-is-new-in-the-management-of-poor-ovarian-response-in-ivf
#5
Alberto Vaiarelli, Danilo Cimadomo, Nicolò Ubaldi, Laura Rienzi, Filippo Maria Ubaldi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management and treatment of patients with poor ovarian response is still a controversial issue in IVF. Increasing evidences demonstrate that the number of oocytes retrieved after a controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) greatly influences the clinical outcome in terms of cumulative live birth per started cycle. For this reason, any COS should aim to optimize the number of oocytes according to the ovarian reserve of the patient. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of new strategies proposed to manage poor responders according to the novel POSEIDON classification...
April 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661059/the-smartphone-in-the-memory-clinic-a-study-of-patient-and-care-partner-s-utilisation-habits
#6
Jared F Benge, Kara L Dinh, Erin Logue, Richard Phenis, Michelle N Dasse, Michael K Scullin
Smartphones have potential as cognitive aids for adults with cognitive impairments. However, little is known about how patients and their care partners utilise smartphones in their day-to-day lives. We collected self-reported smartphone utilisation data from patients referred for neuropsychological evaluations (N = 53), their care partners (N = 44), and an Amazon Mechanical Turk control sample (N = 204). Patient participants were less likely to own a smartphone than controls, with increasing age associated with less utilisation of smartphone features in all groups...
April 16, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661022/low-rates-of-vaccination-for-herpes-zoster-in-older-people-living-with-hiv
#7
Kristine M Erlandson, Amber Streifel, Alexander Novin, Kellie Hawkins, Clayton Foster, Jacob Langness, Mary Bessesen, Julian Falutz, Abeer Moanna, David Looney, Scott Johns, Joseph Nguyen, Michael Oxman, Myron Levin
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) occurs at a higher age-specific rate in people living with HIV (PLWH) than in the general population. We implemented a quality improvement study to assess herpes zoster vaccine (HZV) usage among PLWH, assess HZV usage after additional reminders/prompts, and identify barriers to HZV among older PLWH. METHODS: HZV rates in PLWH were determined in six institutions with varying payment structures. For the intervention, Part 1, PLWH eligible for HZV at the University of Colorado were identified, and providers were notified of patient eligibility...
April 17, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658287/perspectives-on-providing-and-receiving-preventive-health-care-from-primary-care-providers-and-their-patients-with-mental-illnesses
#8
Scott P Stumbo, Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Micah T Yarborough, Carla A Green
PURPOSE: Individuals with mental illnesses have higher morbidity rates and reduced life expectancy compared to the general population. Understanding how patients and providers perceive the need for prevention, as well as the barriers and beliefs that may contribute to insufficient care, are important for improving service delivery tailored to this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional; mixed methods. SETTING: An integrated health system and a network of federally qualified health centers and safety net clinics...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656051/the-private-journey-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-exclusive-breastfeeding
#9
Samantha J Charlick, Lois McKellar, Andrea L Gordon, Jan Pincombe
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breast milk provides complete nutrition for a baby's first six months of life. In Australia, breastfeeding initiation rates are high, however duration rates are low. Although numerous studies have explored the reasons behind low levels of breastfeeding, few have examined the experiences of women who maintain exclusive breastfeeding for the recommended six-month duration. AIM: This paper will present an in-depth, idiographic interpretation of first-time mothers' experience of exclusive breastfeeding for six months in Australia...
April 11, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653278/psychometric-validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-camberwell-assessment-of-need-for-the-elderly-cane-k-in-dementia
#10
Myonghwa Park, Sun Kyung Kim, Miri Jeong, Song Ja Lee, Seon Hwa Kim, Jinha Kim, Dong Young Lee
PURPOSE: The prevalence of dementia has increased rapidly with an aging Korean population. Compared to those without dementia, individuals with dementia have more and complex needs. In this study, the Korean version of the Camberwell Assessment of Need for the Elderly (CANE-K) was evaluated to determine its suitability for individuals with dementia in Korea. METHODS: The CANE-K was developed following linguistic validation. The reliability of the measurement was examined with Cronbach's alpha coefficient...
April 10, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652555/henry-herbert-donaldson-s-1857-1938-contribution-to-an-organized-approach-to-the-experimental-study-of-the-mammalian-central-nervous-system
#11
J Wayne Lazar
This article shows that the academic and research careers of Henry Herbert Donaldson (1857-1938) were directed to provide basic information about the growth of the vertebrate nervous system and to provide standards and the means to make such research efficient. He earned the reputation of making the albino rat a standard laboratory animal. His academic career began when he was an undergraduate at Yale University in 1875 and concluded with his death as Professor and Head of the Department of Neurology at the Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology of the University of Pennsylvania in 1938...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650213/the-experience-of-adolescents-having-mentally-ill-parents-with-pasung
#12
Andi Buanasari, Novy Helena Catharina Daulima, Ice Yulia Wardani
OBJECTIVE: Lack of knowledge and powerlessness make family restrains, chains or confines (pasung) the family member with mental illness. This study aimed to explore the experience of adolescents having mentally ill parents with pasung. METHOD: To achieve detailed and accurate understandings of adolescents' experiences, this study used a qualitative research design with a phenomenological approach. Purposive sampling was employed to find teenagers aged 12-19 years old who had mentally ill parents with pasung...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650212/the-experience-of-older-people-living-in-an-elderly-residential-home-panti-sosial-tresna-werdha-a-phenomenology
#13
Septirina Rahayu, Novy Helena Catharina Daulima, Yossie Susanti Eka Putri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain an overview of the experiences of older people living in an elderly residential home (Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha [PSTW]). METHOD: The study used qualitative method with the descriptive phenomenology approach. The participants consisted of six older people who live in institutions. Data were collected through in-depth interviews in accordance with the purpose of the research, and an analysis of the data from the interviews was performed using the analysis stage by Collaizi...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650189/islamic-moral-judgement-on-abortion-and-its-nursing-applications-expository-analysis
#14
Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Ismail, Abdurezak Abdullahi Hashi, Mohd Said Bin Nurumal, Muhammad Lokman Bin Md Isa
Health workers, like nurses are tasked to save the lives of their patients, however, there are instances in which health workers have to deal with difficult cases in taking a life, such as abortion. Scholars in the field of healthcare assert that abortion is morally justified if it is sought for health reasons. Nevertheless, there are a number of cases in which abortion is sought on other grounds other than health, such as the individual choice to do so. Can a nurse refuse to provide their professional service towards these people? This paper uses analytical and comparative methods to address ethical issues in abortion from the Islamic and conventional perspectives...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644787/impact-of-the-make-healthy-normal-mass-media-campaign-phase-1-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-a-cohort-study
#15
James Kite, Joanne Gale, Anne Grunseit, William Bellew, Vincy Li, Beverley Lloyd, Michelle Maxwell, John Vineburg, Adrian Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the first phase of the Make Healthy Normal mass media campaign on NSW adults' active living and healthy eating knowledge, attitudes, intentions and behaviour. METHODS: Cohort design with NSW adults, followed up three times over 12 months, with n=939 participants completing all three waves. We used generalised linear mixed models to examine campaign awareness, knowledge, attitudes, intentions and behaviours over time. RESULTS: Campaign recognition built to a reasonable level (45% at Wave 3), although unprompted recall was low (9% at Wave 3)...
April 12, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629868/computed-tomography-identified-factors-that-preclude-living-kidney-donation
#16
Katerina Mastrocostas, Christina M Chingkoe, Kenneth T Pace, Joseph J Barfett, Anish Kirpalani, Gevork N Mnatzakanian, Paraskevi A Vlachou, Errol Colak
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the variety and prevalence of renal and non-renal abnormalities detected on multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) that precluded patients from donating a kidney. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained and the requirement for informed consent was waived. A retrospective, single-centre review of 701 patients (444 female, 257 male; age range 18-86 years; mean age 43.2±11.9 years) that underwent renal donor protocol MDCT was conducted...
April 6, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629686/an-investigation-of-barriers-to-the-use-of-the-world-health-organization-surgical-safety-checklist-in-theatres
#17
S Verwey, P D Gopalan
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has implemented the Surgical Safety Checklist (SSCL) as part of the Safe Surgery Saves Lives campaign. This is aimed at improving surgical safety worldwide. Despite many perceived benefits of the SSCL, compliance and acceptance in many areas remain poor. OBJECTIVES: To investigate perceptions of theatre staff regarding the checklist and to identify reasons and barriers for poor compliance and implementation. METHODS: Questionnaires were handed out to theatre teams across all surgical disciplines at two large hospitals in Durban, South Africa, over a 2-week period...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626395/achieving-integrated-care-for-older-people-shuffling-the-deckchairs-or-making-the-system-watertight-for-the-future
#18
EDITORIAL
Gill Harvey, Joanne Dollard, Amy Marshall, Manasi Murthy Mittinty
Integrated care has been recognised as a key initiative to resolve the issues surrounding care for older people living with multi-morbidity. Multiple strategies and policies have been implemented to increase coordination of care globally however, evidence of effectiveness remains mixed. The reasons for this are complex and multifactorial, yet many strategies deal with parts of the problem rather than taking a whole systems view with the older person clearly at the centre. This approach of fixing parts of the system may be akin to shuffling the deckchairson the Titanic, rather than dealing with the fundamental reasons why the ship is sinking...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625339/comparison-of-the-clinical-efficacy-of-craniotomy-and-craniopuncture-therapy-for-the-early-stage-of-moderate-volume-spontaneous-intracerebral-haemorrhage-in-basal-ganglia-using-the-cta-spot-sign-as-an-entry-criterion
#19
Chunyan Ge, Wangmiao Zhao, Hong Guo, Zhaosheng Sun, Wanzeng Zhang, Xiaowei Li, Xuehui Yang, Jinrong Zhang, Dongxin Wang, Yi Xiang, Jianhui Mao, Wenchao Zhang, Hao Guo, Yazhao Zhang, Jianchao Chen
OBJECTIVES: Surgical treatment is widely used for haematoma removal in spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) patients, but there is controversy about the selection of surgical methods. The CT angiography (CTA) spot sign has been proven to be a promising factor predicting haematoma expansion and is recommended as an entry criterion for haemostatic therapy in patients with ICH. This trial was designed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of two surgical methods (haematoma removal by craniotomy and craniopuncture combined with urokinase infusion) for patients in the early stage (≤6h from symptom onset) of spontaneous ICH with a moderate haematoma volume (30 ml - 60 ml)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624080/supporting-the-sexual-rights-of-women-living-with-hiv-a-critical-analysis-of-sexual-satisfaction-and-pleasure-across-five-relationship-types
#20
Allison Carter, Saara Greene, Deborah Money, Margarite Sanchez, Kath Webster, Valerie Nicholson, Lori A Brotto, Catherine Hankins, Mary Kestler, Neora Pick, Kate Salters, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Nadia O'Brien, Sophie Patterson, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Mona Loutfy, Angela Kaida
In the context of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a focus on protecting others has overridden concern about women's own sexual well-being. Drawing on feminist theories, we measured sexual satisfaction and pleasure across five relationship types among women living with HIV in Canada. Of the 1,230 women surveyed, 38.1% were completely or very satisfied with their sexual lives, while 31.0% and 30.9% were reasonably or not very/not at all satisfied, respectively. Among those reporting recent sexual experiences (n = 675), 41...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
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