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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044399/barriers-and-facilitators-to-public-access-defibrillation-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-systematic-review
#1
Christopher M Smith, Sarah N Lim Choi Keung, Mohammed O Khan, Theodoros N Arvanitis, Rachael Fothergill, Christopher Hartley-Sharpe, Mark H Wilson, Gavin D Perkins
Public access defibrillation initiatives make automated external defibrillators available to the public. This facilitates earlier defibrillation of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims and could save many lives. It is currently only used for a minority of cases. The aim of this systematic review was to identify barriers and facilitators to public access defibrillation. A comprehensive literature review was undertaken defining formal search terms for a systematic review of the literature in March 2017. Studies were included if they considered reasons affecting the likelihood of public access defibrillation and presented original data...
October 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043684/imaging-the-er-and-endomembrane-system-in-cereal-endosperm
#2
Verena Ibl, Jenny Peters, Eva Stöger, Elsa Arcalís
The cereal endosperm is a complex structure comprising distinct cell types, characterized by specialized organelles for the accumulation of storage proteins. Protein trafficking in these cells is complicated by the presence of several different storage organelles including protein bodies (PBs) derived from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and dynamic protein storage vacuoles (PSVs). In addition, trafficking may follow a number of different routes depending on developmental stage, showing that the endomembrane system is capable of massive reorganization...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042118/the-early-development-of-the-normative-mind
#3
EDITORIAL
Markus Paulus, Marco F H Schmidt
Normativity is pervasive in everyday human social interactions and perhaps even constitutive of human forms of group and societal living. During the past decade, there has been increased interest in the ontogeny of normativity and the role that norms play in early social reasoning and behavior. Given the ubiquity of normativity, it is vital to investigate the development of children's normative understanding and behavior in a variety of different contexts, ranging from prosocial behavior to rational action or from linguistic competencies to cultural norms and values...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040471/endometriosis-fertility-index-predicts-live-births-following-surgical-resection-of-moderate-and-severe-endometriosis
#4
S Maheux-Lacroix, E Nesbitt-Hawes, R Deans, H Won, A Budden, D Adamson, J A Abbott
STUDY QUESTION: Can live birth be accurately predicted following surgical resection of moderate-severe (Stage III-IV) endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Live births can accurately be predicted with the endometriosis fertility index (EFI), with adnexal function being the most important factor to predict non-assisted reproductive technology (non-ART) fertility or the requirement for ART (www.endometriosisefi.com). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Fertility prognosis is important to many women with severe endometriosis...
September 29, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039263/integrating-family-planning-services-into-hiv-care-use-of-a-point-of-care-electronic-medical-record-system-in-lilongwe-malawi
#5
Hannock Tweya, Caryl Feldacker, Lisa B Haddad, Chimango Munthali, Mwatha Bwanali, Colin Speight, Layout G Kachere, Petros Tembo, Sam Phiri
BACKGROUND: Integrating family planning (FP) services into human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinical care helps improve access to contraceptives for women living with HIV. However, high patient volumes may limit providers' ability to counsel women about pregnancy risks and contraceptive options. OBJECTIVES: To assess trends in the use of contraceptive methods after implementing an  electronic medical record (EMR) system with FP questions and determine the reasons for non-use of contraceptives among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) at the Martin Preuss Center clinic in Malawi...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037575/using-best-worst-scaling-to-rank-factors-affecting-vaccination-demand-in-northern-nigeria
#6
Sachiko Ozawa, Chizoba Wonodi, Olufemi Babalola, Tukur Ismail, John Bridges
BACKGROUND: Understanding and ranking the reasons for low vaccination uptake among parents in northern Nigeria is critical to implement effective policies to save lives and prevent illnesses. This study applies best-worst scaling (BWS) to rank various factors affecting parents' demand for routine childhood immunization. METHODS: We conducted a household survey in Nahuche, Zamfara State in northern Nigeria. Nearly two hundred parents with children under age five were asked about their views on 16 factors using a BWS technique...
October 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036276/multimorbidity-will-it-stand-the-test-of-time
#7
Joanna C Ford, John A Ford
The concept of multimorbidity has risen in popularity over the past few years. It is use has led to, or coincided with, an increased recognition that patients often have more than one health problem which should not be treated in isolation. The motivation for more holistic, person-centred care that lies behind multimorbidity is to be welcomed. The 2016 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence multimorbidity management guideline helpfully makes recommendations in key areas that are important in the care of patients with complicated medical problems...
September 26, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036237/-priorities-and-recommendations-in-oral-health-care-for-older-people
#8
K Jerkovic, B Everaars, G J van der Putten
The oral health of older people in the Netherlands, especially those who are vulnerable and dependent on care, is insufficient. Older people and other stakeholders participated in a so-called Priority Setting Partnership study to identify hindrances that have been experienced in oral health care and to distil from their experience items for the agenda for further research. For this reason, discussions were held in 5 focus groups with respectively 1 group of older people, caregivers, external parties and health care professionals...
October 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035301/exploring-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-vitamin-d-among-adults-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#9
Najlaa Aljefree, Patricia Lee, Faruk Ahmed
Abstract: Vitamin D deficiency is widespread in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to explore participants' knowledge about vitamin D and attitudes toward sun exposure. The study also aimed to explore the social and cultural factors that might potentially contribute to vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia. Face-to-face interviews were carried out in the cities of Jeddah and Makkah between May and October 2015. The interview questions were semi-structured, and the data was analyzed using thematic analysis...
October 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033780/evolutionary-musicology-meets-embodied-cognition-biocultural-coevolution-and-the-enactive-origins-of-human-musicality
#10
REVIEW
Dylan van der Schyff, Andrea Schiavio
Despite evolutionary musicology's interdisciplinary nature, and the diverse methods it employs, the field has nevertheless tended to divide into two main positions. Some argue that music should be understood as a naturally selected adaptation, while others claim that music is a product of culture with little or no relevance for the survival of the species. We review these arguments, suggesting that while interesting and well-reasoned positions have been offered on both sides of the debate, the nature-or-culture (or adaptation vs...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033550/coach-to-cope-feasibility-of-a-life-coaching-program-for-young-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis
#11
Karin Bæk Knudsen, Tacjana Pressler, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Mary Jarden, Kirsten Arntz Boisen, Marianne Skov, Alexandra L Quittner, Terese Lea Katzenstein
BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, lifespan has increased significantly for people living with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, several studies have demonstrated that many young adults with CF report mental health problems and poor adherence to their prescribed treatments, challenging their long-term physical health. Treatment guidelines recommend interventions to improve adherence and self-management. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of a life coaching intervention for young adults with CF...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031280/factors-influencing-suicide-in-older-rural-males-a-review-of-australian-studies
#12
Kylie T Crnek-Georgeson, Leigh A Wilson, Andrew Page
INTRODUCTION: Suicide remains an important public health issue in Australia, responsible for around 2500 deaths each year. Although suicide only accounts for around 1.7% of total mortality in Australia per year, 75% of suicide deaths are in males. This article reviews the factors contributing to suicide in older rural males in Australia and then categorises the papers into themes for ease of explanation. Living with experiences of drought, dramatic weather change, lower employment opportunities, out-migration, changing family dynamics, ageism in the community, economic change and competitive labour markets, all add to the diverse experience for an older person who is ageing in a rural setting...
October 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027729/application-of-bayesian-analysis-to-the-doubly-labelled-water-method-for-total-energy-expenditure-in-humans
#13
Yue Ruan, Les Bluck, James Smith, Adrian Mander, Priya Singh, Michelle Venables
RATIONALE: The doubly labelled water (DLW) method is the reference method for the estimation of free-living total energy expenditure (TEE). In this method, where both (2) H and (18) O are employed, different approaches have been adopted to deal with the non-conformity observed regarding the distribution space for the labels being non-coincident with total body water. However, the method adopted can have a significant effect on the estimated TEE. METHODS: We proposed a Bayesian reasoning approach to modify an assumed prior distribution for the space ratio using experimental data to derive the TEE...
October 13, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027539/fatigue-as-a-symptom-or-comorbidity-of-neurological-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Iris-Katharina Penner, Friedemann Paul
Fatigue, best described as an overwhelming feeling of tiredness and exhaustion, occurs in the context of various neurological diseases. The high prevalence of fatigue as either a symptom or a comorbidity of neurological disease must be taken seriously, as fatigue interferes with patients' activities of daily living, has a remarkable negative impact on quality of life, and is a major reason for early retirement. The tremendous consequences of fatigue are consistent across neurological diseases, as is the uncertainty concerning its underlying pathophysiological mechanisms...
October 13, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026820/a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-journey-to-delayed-breast-reconstruction
#15
Ho Man Cheng, Catherine McMillan, Joan E Lipa, Laura Snell
BACKGROUND: Canada has low immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) rates compared to the United States and Europe. Breast cancer survivors live with mastectomy defects sometimes for years, and this represents an area for improvement in cancer care. PURPOSE: This study qualitatively assessed (1) information provided about breast reconstruction at the time of cancer diagnosis among women seeking delayed breast reconstruction (DBR) and (2) referral practices for plastic surgery consultation for DBR...
August 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026377/developmental-screening-predictors-of-follow-up-adherence-in-primary-health-care
#16
Joanné Christine Schoeman, De Wet Swanepoel, Jeannie van der Linde
BACKGROUND: The importance of early identification for infants and young children with developmental delays is well established. Poor follow-up on referrals, however, undermines the effectiveness of early intervention programmes. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors, including text message reminders, that influence follow-up adherence for early intervention after developmental screening in primary health care. A secondary objective surveyed reasons for follow-up default...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024880/experience-with-and-amount-of-postpartum-maternity-care-comparing-women-who-rated-the-care-they-received-from-the-maternity-care-assistant-as-good-or-less-than-good-care
#17
C I Baas, T A Wiegers, T P de Cock, J J H M Erwich, E R Spelten, E K Hutton
OBJECTIVE: The postpartum period is an important time in the lives of new mothers, their children and their families. The aim of postpartum care is 'to detect health problems of mother and/or baby at an early stage, to encourage breastfeeding and to give families a good start' (Wiegers, 2006). The Netherlands maternity care system aims to enable every new family to receive postpartum care in their home by a maternity care assistant (MCA). In order to better understand this approach, in this study we focus on women who experienced the postpartum care by the MCA as 'less than good' care...
September 19, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023138/measurement-of-expressive-vocabulary-in-school-age-children-development-and-application-of-the-kilifi-naming-test-knt
#18
Patricia Kitsao-Wekulo, Penny A Holding, Jane D Kvalsvig, Katherine J Alcock, H Gerry Taylor
The dearth of locally developed measures of language makes it difficult to detect language and communication problems among school-age children in sub-Saharan African settings. We sought to describe variability in vocabulary acquisition as an important element of global cognitive functioning. Our primary aims were to establish the psychometric properties of an expressive vocabulary measure, examine sources of variability, and investigate the measure's associations with non-verbal reasoning and educational achievement...
October 12, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021127/fall-detection-in-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputations-using-mobile-phones-machine-learning-enhances-robustness-for-real-world-applications
#19
Nicholas Shawen, Luca Lonini, Chaithanya Krishna Mummidisetty, Ilona Shparii, Mark V Albert, Konrad Kording, Arun Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: Automatically detecting falls with mobile phones provides an opportunity for rapid response to injuries and better knowledge of what precipitated the fall and its consequences. This is beneficial for populations that are prone to falling, such as people with lower limb amputations. Prior studies have focused on fall detection in able-bodied individuals using data from a laboratory setting. Such approaches may provide a limited ability to detect falls in amputees and in real-world scenarios...
October 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020396/perception-and-use-of-pap-smear-screening-among-rural-and-urban-women-in-romania
#20
Mihaela Grigore, Razvan Popovici, Anda Pristavu, Ana Maria Grigore, Mioara Matei, Dumitru Gafitanu
Background: In 2012 the National Screening Program for all women between 25 and 64 years of age was launched in Romania. Public awareness is an important factor in the success of a screening program. For this reason, we intended to assess the perception and the level of awareness of Romanian women regarding the Pap test in the prevention of cervical cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 454 women from rural and urban areas. For our study, we used a questionnaire covering general characteristics, awareness, knowledge and practices regarding cervical cancer and Pap smear...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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