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reasons for living

Samia Laokri, Rieza Soelaeman, David R Hotchkiss
BACKGROUND: The goal of universal health coverage is challenging for chronically under-resourced health systems. Although household out-of-pocket payments are the most important source of health financing in low-income countries, relatively little is known about the drivers of primary health care expenditure and the predictability of the burden associated with high fee-for-service payments. This study describes out-of-pocket health expenditure and investigates demand- and supply-side drivers of excessive costs in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a central African country in the midst of a process of reforming its health financing system towards universal health coverage...
June 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Yashovardhan Agarwal
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the World Bank's "World Report on Disability" reported that over 1 billion people have various kinds of disability worldwide while Indian Census 2011 reported about 26 million in India. The United Nations Convention states, "The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) include accessibility to Information, Transportation, Environment, Communication Technology and Services". OBJECTIVE: This article takes forward the reason of making the "EasenAccess" (EnA) Android-based app to empower PwD with wheelchair-accessibility information, communication sentences and sending SOS signals with location...
June 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Christina J Jones, Lauren A Sommereux, Helen E Smith
BACKGROUND: Positive self-care behaviours are more likely in young people who engage with allergy support groups, but reasons for this association are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study explored how and why young people engage with allergy support groups to identify what activities and resources are beneficial. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with young people aged 12-21 years who reported engaging with allergy support groups (in person or on-line)...
June 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Chinyerem Adeniji, Olufemi Adeyeye, Oluwole Iyiola, Maxwell Olokundun, Taiye Borishade, Hezekiah Falola, Odunayo Salau
Change is unavoidable for organizations just as it is in every sphere of life. Whatever the reasons are, organizations need to change, keeping in mind the end goal to survive and to be successful. Organizations operate in an environment where globalisation is the common expression of the phenomenon that is driving a great dynamism in the business environment across the world and no business is immune from the effects of this "globalisation". Competition, policymaking and advancement in technology exist on a day-to-day basis (Hatch, 2009) as well as opportunities are no longer localised within a nation, region or continent, every business is now competing with competitors all over the world...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Alejandro Silva, Alejandro Zarzo, Juan M Munoz-Guijosa, Francesco Miniello
A common fault in turbomachinery is rotor⁻casing rub. Shaft vibration, measured with proximity probes, is the most powerful indicator of rotor⁻stator rub. However, in machines such as aeroderivative turbines, with increasing industrial relevance in power generation, constructive reasons prevent the use of those sensors, being only acceleration signals at selected casing locations available. This implies several shortcomings in the characterization of the machinery condition, associated with a lower information content about the machine dynamics...
June 13, 2018: Sensors
Andrea L Murphy, David M Gardner, Lisa M Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are autonomous, regulated health care professionals located in urban and rural communities in Canada. The accessibility, knowledge, and skills of community pharmacists can be leveraged to increase mental illness and addictions care in communities. METHODS: The Bloom Program was designed, developed, and implemented based on the Behaviour Change Wheel and a program of research in community pharmacy mental healthcare capacity building...
June 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Valerie Elliot, Allison Cammer, William Pickett, Barbara Marlenga, Joshua Lawson, James Dosman, Louise Hagel, Niels Koehncke, Catherine Trask
BACKGROUND: Children living on farms experience exceptionally high risks for traumatic injury. There is a large body of epidemiological research documenting this phenomenon, yet few complementary studies that have explored the deep underlying reasons for such trends. Fundamental to this is understanding the decision-making processes of parents surrounding their choice to bring children, or not, into the farm worksite. OBJECTIVES: To (1) document farm parent views of the risks and benefits of raising children on a family farm, and, (2) understand more deeply why children are brought into the farm worksite...
2018: PloS One
Caroline Audrey Kerr, Jacquie Rand, John Murray Morton, Ronelle Reid, Mandy Paterson
This retrospective study of cat admissions to RSPCA Queensland shelters describes changes associated with improved outcomes ending in live release in 2016 compared to 2011. There were 13,911 cat admissions in 2011 and 13,220 in 2016, with approximately 50% in both years admitted as strays from the general public or council contracts. In contrast, owner surrenders halved from 30% to 15% of admissions. Percentages of admissions ending in euthanasia decreased from 58% to 15%. Only 5% of cat admissions were reclaimed in each of these years, but the percentage rehomed increased from 34% to 74%, of which 61% of the increase was contributed by in-shelter adoptions and 39% from non-shelter sites, predominately retail partnerships...
June 12, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Brett MacFarlane
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common gastrointestinal diagnosis, a leading reason for endoscopy and cause of potentially serious complications, resulting in significant individual and system-wide health burden. Approximately one quarter of people living in western countries have experienced GERD, and the prevalence appears to be on the rise. Risk factors for GERD include hiatus hernia, obesity, high-fat diet, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, pregnancy, genetics, and some medications. The cardinal symptoms of GERD are troublesome heartburn and regurgitation...
2018: Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice
Alexandra Linnemann, Magdalena M Hilsenbek, Irene Lelieveld, Katharina Geschke, Dominik Wolf, Andreas Fellgiebel
Background Caregiver burden is one of the most common reasons for hospitalization of patients with dementia. However, changes of location are not recommended for patients with dementia and associated with negative outcomes for patients with dementia. As there is yet a lack of outpatient treatment options, this study explores psychiatric day clinic treatment as option for patients with dementia by comparing characteristics of voluntarily treated patients with dementia and their respective informal caregivers between an inpatient and day clinic setting...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Emily F Hamilton, Alina Dyachenko, Antonio Ciampi, Kimberly Maurel, Philip A Warrick, Thomas J Garite
BACKGROUND: A large recent study analyzed the relationship between multiple factors and neonatal outcome and in preterm births. Study variables included reason for admission, indication for delivery, optimal steroid use, gestational age and other potentially prognostic factors. Using stepwise multivariable analysis, the only two variables independently associated with serious neonatal morbidity were gestational age and the presence of suspected intrauterine growth restriction as a reason for admission...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Lillian MacNell
Many scholars have found evidence that low-income neighborhoods contain fewer supermarkets, but there is a lack of consensus regarding whether and how this matters to residents. A few qualitative studies have asked food desert residents about their experiences of their food environments, while a small number of other studies have utilized spatial analyses to examine actual shopping behaviors. To better understand barriers to food access, this study combines the two in a geo-ethnographic analysis. This study draws on data from a USDA-funded project about families and food to combine quantitative geographic data with qualitative interview data of 100 rural and urban low-income mothers of young children...
June 6, 2018: Appetite
Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains one of the most common reasons for paediatric morbidity and accounts for about 16% of all the deaths occurring in children less than 5 years of age. Areas covered: The main aim of this paper is to discuss the emerging problems for CAP treatment in paediatric age. Expert commentary: Official recommendations for therapeutic approaches to paediatric CAP, despite being not very recent, seem still to be the best solution to assure the highest probabilities of cure for children with this disease living in industrialized countries...
June 8, 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Miguel Ángel Peribáñez, Carlos Calvete, María Jesús Gracia
A survey conducted from 2002 to 2012 of 759 customers from 84 veterinary practices allows us to examine the habits of dog and cat owners regarding the use of insecticides for flea control. The results indicate that the percentage of animals treated during the 12 mo prior to the survey was not very high (71% in dogs and 50% in cats), considering that 100% of animals included in the study were flea-infested. Statistical analysis shows that animals older than 4 mo are treated more frequently and that dogs are more likely to be treated than cats...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
Neil Levy
There is a lively debate over who is to blame for the harms arising from unhealthy behaviours, like overeating and excessive drinking. In this paper, I argue that given how demanding the conditions required for moral responsibility actually are, we cannot be highly confident that anyone is ever morally responsible. I also adduce evidence that holding people responsible for their unhealthy behaviours has costs: it undermines public support for the measures that are likely to have the most impact on these harms...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Hung-En Liu, Ming-Chieh Li
Background: Participation rate is one of the main challenges medical researchers face. We examined how demographic background and trust in medical research affect the willingness of people to participate in medical research in Taiwan. Methods: Data from the 2011 Taiwan Genomic Survey (a nationwide representative face-to-face survey) were analyzed. The survey included a vignette of a researcher conducting a clinical trial of an investigative medicinal product, and questions for interviewees regarding their willingness to participate in research after they were informed of the scenario description...
2018: PeerJ
Lauren Sumner-Rooney
Light is a fundamentally important biological cue used by almost every animal on earth, to maintain daily rhythms, navigate, forage, find mates or avoid predators. But an enormous number of species live in darkness: in subterranean caves, deep oceans, underground burrows, and within parasitic host bodies, and the loss of eyes appears consistently across these ecosystems. However, the evolutionary mechanisms that lead to the reduction of the visual system remain the subject of great interest and debate more than 150 years after Darwin tackled the issue...
June 4, 2018: Integrative and Comparative Biology
Mengqian Li, Liting You, Jianxin Xue, You Lu
Cellular senescence is identified by a living cell in irreversible and persistent cell cycle arrest in response to various cellular stresses. Senescent cells secrete senescence-associated secretory phenotype factors that can amplify cellular senescence and alter the microenvironments. Radiotherapy, via ionizing radiation, serves as an effective treatment for local tumor control with side effects on normal cells, which can induce inflammation and fibrosis in irradiated and nearby regions. Research has revealed that senescent phenotype is observable in irradiated organs...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Amsalu Bokore, Belay Korme, Getu Bayisa
BACKGROUND: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality; because of this it continues to be a major global public health concern. It has believed to kill more than 34 million lives so far. Sub Saharan Africa constitutes about 70% of people living with HIV among the 37 million on the globe. This region, accounted for more than two third of the global new HIV infections and about 15 million (40%) were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) at the end of 2014 throught the world...
June 5, 2018: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
Katrina J Anderson, Natalie K Bradford, Julia E Clark
Febrile neutropenia requires prompt assessment and antibiotic administration and is the most common reason for unexpected hospital admission in pediatric oncology. Parents are expected to be vigilant and "drop everything" to take their child to their nearest hospital for assessment if fever occurs. Delays in antibiotic administration are associated with poorer outcomes; however, delays are common. Our aim was to understand and describe the lived experience of parents of children with cancer who received treatment for fever with confirmed/suspected neutropenia...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
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