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Exercise endocrinology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921434/no-362-ovulation-induction-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
David S Smithson, Tannys D R Vause, Anthony P Cheung
OBJECTIVE: To review current non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic options for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). OPTIONS: This guideline reviews the evidence for the various options for ovulation induction in PCOS. OUTCOMES: Ovulation, pregnancy and live birth rates, risks, and side effects are the outcomes of interest. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of Medline using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words spanning from 2000 to 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863438/aging-male-symptomatology-and-eating-behavior
#2
Kai K Kummer, Harrison G Pope, James I Hudson, Georg Kemmler, Germar-Michael Pinggera, Barbara Mangweth-Matzek
OBJECTIVE: The literature on eating disorders in older males is still very limited. We assessed the relationship between aging male symptomatology and eating behavior in middle-aged and older men. METHOD: We distributed anonymous questionnaires to men aged 40-75 years living in or near Innsbruck, Austria, covering demographic items, current eating disorder symptoms (as defined by DSM-5), and associated measures of eating pathology, body image, and sports activity (including exercise addiction)...
June 4, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532418/the-psychophysiological-determinants-of-pacing-behaviour-and-performance-during-prolonged-endurance-exercise-a-performance-level-and-competition-outcome-comparison
#3
Andreas Venhorst, Dominic P Micklewright, Timothy D Noakes
INTRODUCTION: A three-dimensional framework of centrally regulated and goal-directed exercise behaviour emphasised the integration of distinct sensory-discriminatory, affective-motivational and cognitive-evaluative dimensions that underpin perceived fatigability. This study aimed to capture the complex interdependencies and temporal dynamics in these processes, their interrelations with observed pacing behaviour, performance and biochemical variables as well as their performance level- and competition outcome-dependent variances...
March 12, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468933/endocrinology-and-pediatric-exercise-science-the-year-that-was-2017
#4
Alon Eliakim
The Pediatric Exercise Science "Year That Was" section aims to highlight the most important (to the author's opinion) manuscripts that were published in 2017 in the field of endocrinology and pediatric exercise science. This year's selection includes studies showing that 1) in pubertal swimmers, there is a decrease in insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) during intense training (a catabolic-type hormonal response) with an anabolic "rebound" characterized by a significant increase of these growth factors during training tapering down...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341814/utilizing-a-rat-delayed-implantation-model-to-teach-integrative-endocrinology-and-reproductive-biology
#5
Rodney D Geisert, Michael F Smith, Amanda L Schmelzle, Jonathan A Green
In this teaching laboratory, the students are directed in an exercise that involves designing and performing an experiment to determine estrogen's role in regulating delayed implantation (diapause) in female rats. To encourage active participation by the students, a discussion question is provided before the laboratory exercise in which each student is asked to search the literature and provide written answers to questions and to formulate an experiment to test the role of ovarian estrogen in inducing implantation in female rats...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273090/exercise-and-reproductive-function-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-protocol-of-a-systematic-review
#6
Isis Kelly Dos Santos, Romilson de Lima Nunes, Gustavo Mafaldo Soares, Tecia Maria de Oliveira Maranhão, Paulo Moreira Silva Dantas
BACKGROUND: Although many post-participation outcomes in different types of physical training (e.g., aerobic and strength) have been previously investigated for the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, there is no recent systematic review of the relationship between various types of intervention and the reproductive function of women with PCOS. The current paper describes a systematic review protocol on the benefits of physical exercise and dietary or drug interventions on endocrinological outcomes in women with PCOS...
December 22, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250678/mass-effect-a-plethora-of-symptoms-caused-by-an-otherwise-benign-transitional-pituitary-meningioma-case-report
#7
Elisabeta Bădilă, Alexandra Emma Weiss, Daniela Bartoş, Elena Lăcrămioara Dumitrache, Ligia Gabriela Tătăranu, Gheorghe Vasile Ciubotaru, Tiberiu Paul Neagu, Valentin Enache, Valeriu Bogdan Popa, Cristina Japie
Meningiomas are among the most commonly encountered tumors of the central nervous system, being more frequent in females. We present the case of a dyslipidemic male patient, previously diagnosed with coronary artery disease for which he previously underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with the placement of two bare metal stents on the left anterior descending artery. He was presented to the emergency department for atypical angina and a seven-day history of dizziness when switching from clino- to orthostatism, reduced visual acuity, diplopia and vomiting...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677414/self-reported-compensation-techniques-for-carbohydrate-exercise-and-alcohol-behaviors-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-on-insulin-pump-therapy
#8
Danielle Groat, Hiral Soni, Maria Adela Grando, Bithika Thompson, Curtiss B Cook
Studies have found variability in self-care behaviors in patients with type 1 diabetes, particularly when incorporating exercise and alcohol consumption. The objective of this study was to provide results from a survey to understand (1) insulin pump behaviors, (2) reported self-management behaviors for exercise and alcohol, and (3) perceptions of the effects of exercise and alcohol on blood glucose (BG) control. Fourteen participants from an outpatient endocrinology practice were recruited and administered an electronic survey...
March 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649097/-aging-and-homeostasis-aging-of-skeletal-muscle
#9
REVIEW
Ruriko Suzuki, Yoshifumi Tamura
With aging, insulin resistance and sarcopenia in skeletal muscle are induced, resulting in skeletal muscle aging. It is suggested that the former is one of the reasons that mitochondrial function decreases with aging, and the latter is due to endocrinologic dysfunction, neurological mechanism, nutritional deficiency and inactivity such as waste are complicatedly involved. Also, as sarcopenia progresses, the amount of physical activity further decreases, and it is also assumed that insulin resistance and sarcopenia progress synergistically...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623848/very-brief-physician-advice-and-supplemental-proactive-telephone-calls-to-promote-smoking-reduction-and-cessation-in-chinese-male-smokers-with-no-intention-to-quit-a-randomized-trial
#10
Lei Wu, Yao He, Bin Jiang, Di Zhang, Hui Tian, Fang Zuo, Tai Hing Lam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is inconsistent evidence that behavioural support to promote smoking reduction is effective at increasing smoking cessation. We examined the effectiveness of brief physician advice together with four very brief telephone calls in promoting smoking cessation among Chinese men via reduction compared with equivalent advice on diet and exercise. DESIGN: A two-group pragmatic randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Male patients attending the Endocrinology and Acupuncture out-patient clinics of a general hospital in Beijing, China...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556806/quality-of-life-in-women-with-stage-1-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-application-of-conservative-treatment-a-randomized-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Magdalena Ptak, Agnieszka Brodowska, Sylwester Ciećwież, Iwona Rotter
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) influences quality of life in female patients. In this study, we used ICIQ LUTS QoL (The International Consultation Incontinence Questionnaire Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms quality of life) to determine the quality of life (QoL) in various domains in patients with stage 1 SUI. The study included 140 perimenopausal women subjected to urodynamic tests at the Department of Gynaecology, Endocrinology and Gynaecologic Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Police (Poland) in 2013-2015...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504570/saliva-a-reliable-sample-matrix-in-bioanalytics
#12
REVIEW
Michael Gröschl
Saliva is gaining increasing attention as a bioanalytical sample matrix. Mostly because of the easy and noninvasive collection, it is not only beneficial in endocrinological and behavioral science, but also in pediatrics. Saliva also has the advantage of being the only body fluid which can be collected even during physical exercise, for example, during sportive activities, and there are physiological characteristics that make it superior to serum/plasma or urine for specific scientific questions. This review provides an insight into the physiology of saliva formation, explaining how certain compounds enter this bodily fluid, and gives advice for collection, storage and analytical methods...
April 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429555/management-of-mineral-and-bone-disorders-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#13
REVIEW
Matthew J Damasiewicz, Peter R Ebeling
The management of post-transplantation bone disease is a complex problem that remains under-appreciated in clinical practice. In these patients, pre-existing metabolic bone disorder is further impacted by the use of immunosuppressive medications (glucocorticoids and calcineurin-inhibitors), variable post-transplantation renal allograft function and post-transplantation diabetes mellitus. The treatment of post-transplantation bone loss should begin pre-transplantation. All patients active on transplant waiting lists should be screened for bone disease...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406039/a-methodology-to-compare-insulin-dosing-recommendations-in-real-life-settings
#14
Danielle Groat, Maria A Grando, Bithika Thompson, Pedro Neto, Hiral Soni, Mary E Boyle, Marilyn Bailey, Curtiss B Cook
BACKGROUND: We propose a methodology to analyze complex real-life glucose data in insulin pump users. METHODS: Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) on insulin pumps were recruited from an academic endocrinology practice. Glucose data, insulin bolus (IB) amounts, and self-reported alcohol consumption and exercise events were collected for 30 days. Rules were developed to retrospectively compare IB recommendations from the insulin pump bolus calculator (IPBC) against recommendations from a proposed decision aid (PDA) and for assessing the PDA's recommendation for exercise and alcohol...
November 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368518/functional-hypothalamic-amenorrhea-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#15
Catherine M Gordon, Kathryn E Ackerman, Sarah L Berga, Jay R Kaplan, George Mastorakos, Madhusmita Misra, M Hassan Murad, Nanette F Santoro, Michelle P Warren
Cosponsoring Associations: The American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the European Society of Endocrinology, and the Pediatric Endocrine Society. This guideline was funded by the Endocrine Society. Objective: To formulate clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA). Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed task force of eight experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332112/perspectives-on-exertional-rhabdomyolysis
#16
REVIEW
Eric S Rawson, Priscilla M Clarkson, Mark A Tarnopolsky
Exertional (exercise-induced) rhabdomyolysis is a potentially life threatening condition that has been the subject of research, intense discussion, and media attention. The causes of rhabdomyolysis are numerous and can include direct muscle injury, unaccustomed exercise, ischemia, extreme temperatures, electrolyte abnormalities, endocrinologic conditions, genetic disorders, autoimmune disorders, infections, drugs, toxins, and venoms. The objective of this article is to review the literature on exertional rhabdomyolysis, identify precipitating factors, and examine the role of the dietary supplement creatine monohydrate...
March 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271805/endocrinology-and-pediatric-exercise-science-2016
#17
Alon Eliakim
The Pediatric Exercise Science Year That Was section aims to highlight the most important (to the author's opinion) manuscripts that were published in 2016 in the field of endocrinology and pediatric exercise science. This year's selection includes studies showing that 1) Induction of T4 to T3 conversion by type 2 deiodinase following aerobic exercise in skeletal muscles was associated with concomitant increase in peroxisome proliferatoractivated receptor-γ coactivator-1α, and mitochondrial oxidative capacity and therefore plays an important mechanistic role in the muscle adaptation to exercise training...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224307/endocrinological-roles-for-testosterone-in-resistance-exercise-responses-and-adaptations
#18
David R Hooper, William J Kraemer, Brian C Focht, Jeff S Volek, William H DuPont, Lydia K Caldwell, Carl M Maresh
Chronic increases in testosterone levels can significantly increase hypertrophy and strength, as has been demonstrated by pharmacological intervention. However, decreases in basal testosterone levels can have the opposite result, as has been seen in hypogonadal populations. Because of these profound effects on hypertrophy and strength, testosterone has often been studied in conjunction with resistance exercise to examine whether the endocrine system plays a role in adaptations to the stimulus. Whereas some studies have demonstrated a chronic increase in basal testosterone, others have failed to find an adaptation to regular resistance exercise...
September 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116136/looking-to-a-future-of-improved-diabetes-management-interview-with-professor-steve-bain
#19
Steve Bain
Steve Bain talks to Francesca Lake, Managing Editor: Steve is currently a Professor at Swansea University Medical School (Wales), Assistant Medical Director for Research & Development for ABM University Health Board and Clinical Lead for the Diabetes Research Unit, Wales. His clinical training included research into the genetics of Type 1 diabetes, with his current clinical interests surrounding exercise in Type 1 diabetes, new therapies and the provision of diabetes services. His background has led him to be Principal Investigator for several multicenter trials, and to be involved in various ethical committees concerning genetics...
December 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017948/-influences-of-resistance-training-on-bone
#20
Naoyuki Kawao, Hiroshi Kaji
Resistance training has been known to be effective to maintain and improve bone mineral density(BMD)and bone strength. Resistance training in combination with other types of exercise might be effective for maintaining BMD in patients with osteoporosis. Resistance training improves a decrease in BMD through an enhancement of bone formation and a suppression of bone resorption. It is thought that resistance training might affect bone metabolism through direct biomechanical force on bone cells and endocrinological factors as well as the nervous system...
2017: Clinical Calcium
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