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sperm capacitation physiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642908/putative-human-sperm-interactome-a-networks-study
#1
Alessandra Ordinelli, Nicola Bernabò, Massimiliano Orsini, Mauro Mattioli, Barbara Barboni
BACKGROUND: For over sixty years, it has been known that mammalian spermatozoa immediately after ejaculation are virtually infertile. They became able to fertilize only after they reside for long time (hours to days) within female genital tract where they complete their functional maturation, the capacitation. This process is finely regulated by the interaction with the female environment and involves, in spermatozoa, a myriad of molecules as messengers and target of signals. Since, to date, a model able to represent the molecular interaction that characterize sperm physiology does not exist, we realized the Human Sperm Interactme Network3...
April 11, 2018: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605167/the-sperm-mitochondrion-organelle-of-many-functions
#2
REVIEW
Christa R Moraes, Stuart Meyers
This review summarizes current research in sperm mitochondrial function with specific emphasis on mitochondrial metabolism, reactive oxygen species production and mitochondrial genomics. This organelle is key in many crucial sperm functions including motility, hyperactivation, capacitation, acrosome reaction, and fertilization, thus its role in male fertility cannot be ignored. Recent studies have further elucidated sperm metabolism, placing greater emphasis on the importance of mitochondrial energy production for some species...
March 26, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600587/tmem16a-inhibition-impedes-capacitation-and-acquisition-of-hyperactivated-motility-in-guinea-pig-sperm
#3
Joaquín Cordero-Martínez, Tania Reyes-Miguel, Lorena Rodríguez-Páez, Leticia Garduño-Siciliano, Deneb Maldonado-García, Ana L Roa-Espitia, Enrique O Hernández-González
Ca2+ -activated Cl- channels (CaCCs) are anionic channels that regulate many important physiological functions associated with chloride and calcium flux in some somatic cells. The molecular identity of CaCCs was revealed to be TMEM16A and TMEM16B (also known as Anoctamin or ANO1 and ANO2, respectively) in all eukaryotes. A recent study suggests the presence of TMEM16A in human sperm and a relationship with the rhZP-induced acrosome reaction. However, to the best of our knowledge, little is known about the role of TMEM16A in other spermatic processes such as capacitation or motility...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564308/clinical-assessment-of-the-male-fertility
#4
REVIEW
Amena Khatun, Md Saidur Rahman, Myung-Geol Pang
The evaluation of infertility in males consists of physical examination and semen analyses. Standardized semen analyses depend on the descriptive analysis of sperm motility, morphology, and concentration, with a threshold level that must be surpassed to be considered a fertile spermatozoon. Nonetheless, these conventional parameters are not satisfactory for clinicians since 25% of infertility cases worldwide remain unexplained. Therefore, newer tests methods have been established to investigate sperm physiology and functions by monitoring characteristics such as motility, capacitation, the acrosome reaction, reactive oxygen species, sperm DNA damage, chromatin structure, zona pellucida binding, and sperm-oocyte fusion...
March 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482549/the-effects-of-type-i-collagenase-on-the-degelification-of-chimpanzee-pan-troglodytes-semen-plug-and-sperm-quality
#5
Jane-Fang Yu, Yu-Hua Lai, Tse-En Wang, Yu-Syuan Wei, Yu-Jia Chang, Sheng-Hsiang Li, Shih-Chien Chin, Radhika Joshi, Hui-Wen Chang, Pei-Shiue Tsai
BACKGROUND: Semen from the chimpanzee species becomes a colloidal solid after ejaculation. The formation of this copulatory plug is believed to prevent additional spermatozoa of subsequent mating events from accessing the ova. However, this naturally preserved strategy hampers the processes for sperm preparation. In this study, we investigated whether collagenase can be used to degelify the semen plug and accelerate the semen liquefaction process in zoo captive chimpanzee species (Pan troglodytes)...
February 27, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454037/melatonin-attenuates-%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-induced-reduction-in-rat-sperm-motility-and-kinematics-in-vitro
#6
Isiaka Abdullateef Alagbonsi, Luqman Aribidesi Olayaki
The use of Cannabis sativa (CS) has been widely demonstrated to have detrimental effect on male reproductive functions. Despite the well-known existence of endocannabinoid and melatonergic systems in semen, the physiological significance of their interaction is not understood. We recently showed that melatonin exacerbates the CS-induced gonadotoxicity in-vivo. To overcome the limitations associated with our in-vivo studies and further understand the role of cannabinoid-melatonin relationship in sperm functions, this study investigated the in-vitro effect of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and/or melatonin on motility and kinematics of capacitating rat sperms...
February 14, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415221/binder-of-sperm-proteins-1-and-5-have-contrasting-effects-on-the-capacitation-of-ram-spermatozoa
#7
Taylor Pini, Simon P de Graaf, Xavier Druart, Guillaume Tsikis, Valerie Labas, Ana Paula Teixeira-Gomes, Barend M Gadella, Tamara Leahy
Binder of Sperm Proteins (BSPs) are the most abundant seminal plasma protein family in the ram and bull. They have been extensively studied in the bull but less is known about their function in ovine seminal plasma and current knowledge suggests BSPs may have different effects in these two species. In the bull they facilitate capacitation and destabilize the sperm membrane during in vitro handling, whereas in the ram, they appear to stabilize the sperm membrane and prevent cryopreservation induced capacitation-like changes...
February 5, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393864/sex-steroid-mediated-control-of-oviductal-function-in-cattle
#8
REVIEW
Mario Binelli, Angela Maria Gonella-Diaza, Fernando Silveira Mesquita, Claudia Maria Bertan Membrive
In cattle, the oviduct is a tubular organ that connects the ovary and the uterus. The oviduct lumen stages a dynamic set of cellular and molecular interactions to fulfill the noble role of generating a new individual. Specific anatomical niches along the oviduct lumen provide the appropriate microenvironment for final sperm capacitation, oocyte capture and fertilization, and early embryo development and transport. To accomplish such complex tasks, the oviduct undergoes spatially and temporally-regulated morphological, biochemical, and physiological changes that are associated with endocrine events of the estrous cycle...
February 2, 2018: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390102/extracellular-vesicles-in-human-reproduction-in-health-and-disease
#9
C Simon, D W Greening, D Bolumar, N Balaguer, L A Salamonsen, F Vilella
Extensive evidence suggests that the release of membrane enclosed compartments, more commonly known as extracellular vesicles (EVs), is a potent newly identified mechanism of cell-to-cell communication both in normal physiology and in pathological conditions. This article specifically reviews evidence about the formation and release of different EVs, their definitive markers and cargo content in reproductive physiological processes, and their capacity to convey information between cells through the transfer of functional protein and genetic information to alter phenotype and function of recipient cells associated with reproductive biology...
January 30, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358560/modulation-of-chaperone-like-and-membranolytic-activities-of-major-horse-seminal-plasma-protein-hsp-1-2-by-l-carnitine
#10
C Sudheer Kumar, Musti J Swamy
The major protein of horse seminal plasma, HSP-1/2, exhibits membranolytic and chaperone-like activities and plays a crucial role in regulating sperm capacitation. L-Carnitine is a small polar molecule present in high concentrations in mammalian seminal plasma. The present results demonstrate that L-carnitine binds to HSP-1/2 and increases its thermal stability, enhances cooperativity of its chemical unfolding and decreases both chaperone-like and membranolytic activities of this protein. The HSP-1/2-L-carnitine complex exhibits anti-oxidative behaviour by inhibiting the production of hydroxyl radicals, suggesting that it can protect other constituents of seminal plasma from damage by hydroxyl radicals...
September 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248843/modulation-of-voltage-gated-sodium-channels-induces-capacitation-in-bull-spermatozoa-through-phosphorylation-of-tyrosine-containing-proteins
#11
Dharmendra Singh Chauhan, Dilip Kumar Swain, Nadeem Shah, Hanuman Prasad Yadav, Abhishek Sharma, Brijesh Yadav, Sarvajeet Yadav, Rajesh Nigam, Satish Kumar Garg
In our previous study, we have reported the molecular presence of Nav 1.8 in bull spermatozoa and its potential involvement in regulation of sperm functions. With the selective blocking of Nav 1.8 using A-803467, alterations in sperm functions were observed, therefore, we envisaged of investigating the involvement of Nav in regulating sperm function and the mechanism(s) involved in it using veratridine, a selective opener of Nav channels. Forty ejaculates were collected from four Hariana bulls and semen samples were pooled in view of the non-significant variations between the different ejaculates...
March 1, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186618/semi-automatized-segmentation-method-using-image-based-flow-cytometry-to-study-sperm-physiology-the-case-of-capacitation-induced-tyrosine-phosphorylation
#12
Arturo Matamoros-Volante, Ayelen Moreno-Irusta, Paulina Torres-Rodriguez, Laura Giojalas, María G Gervasi, Pablo E Visconti, Claudia L Treviño
STUDY QUESTION: Is image-based flow cytometry a useful tool to study intracellular events in human sperm such as protein tyrosine phosphorylation or signaling processes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Image-based flow cytometry is a powerful tool to study intracellular events in a relevant number of sperm cells, which enables a robust statistical analysis providing spatial resolution in terms of the specific subcellular localization of the labeling. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Sperm capacitation is required for fertilization...
February 1, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113727/effect-of-single-layer-centrifugation-porcicoll-70-80-and-90-or-supplementation-with-reduced-glutathione-seminal-plasma-and-bovine-serum-albumin-on-frozen-thawed-boar-sperm
#13
I Crespo-Félez, A Castañeda-Sampedro, D I Sánchez, E Fernández-Alegre, M Álvarez-Rodríguez, J C Domínguez, J M Morrell, F Martínez-Pastor
Selecting the optimal sperm population is essential for success with reproductive techniques. Porcicoll (formerly Androcoll-P) is a colloid formulation for selection of high-quality boar spermatozoa by single layer centrifugation (SLC). To date, most studies have been carried out with fresh semen and large volumes. We carried out 2 experiments to test the use of Porcicoll for thawed boar semen in small volumes. In Experiment 1, cryopreserved semen doses were thawed, split in 200-μL aliquots and layered on 1mL of Porcicoll 70%, 80% or 90%, or buffer without colloid...
November 4, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052329/voltage-dependent-anion-channel-2-is-involved-in-in-vitro-capacitation-of-boar-sperm
#14
S Martínez-Abad, M Castillo-Martín, B Gadani, J E Rodríguez-Gil, S Bonet, M Yeste
Ion channels play an important role during sperm capacitation allowing the transport through plasma and mitochondrial membranes of specific molecules that are essential for the achievement of this physiologic status. Given that voltage-dependent anion channel 2 (VDAC2) is present in boar spermatozoa and is known to be involved in calcium transport in somatic cells, this study aimed at determining whether it is implicated in sperm capacitation and the acrosome reaction. With this purpose, boar spermatozoa were capacitated in vitro for 4 hr, and acrosome reaction was induced with progesterone for a further hour, with or without the presence of two VDAC2-inhibitors (erastin and olesoxime) at two different concentrations (10 and 100 μM)...
October 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044420/characterization-of-a-novel-role-for-the-dynamin-mechanoenzymes-in-the-regulation-of-human-sperm-acrosomal-exocytosis
#15
Wei Zhou, Amanda L Anderson, Adrian P Turner, Geoffry N De Iuliis, Adam McCluskey, Eileen A McLaughlin, Brett Nixon
STUDY QUESTION: Does dynamin regulate human sperm acrosomal exocytosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Our studies of dynamin localization and function have implicated this family of mechanoenzymes in the regulation of progesterone-induced acrosomal exocytosis in human spermatozoa. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Completion of an acrosome reaction is a prerequisite for successful fertilization in all studied mammalian species. It follows that failure to complete this unique exocytotic event represents a common aetiology in the defective spermatozoa of male infertility patients that have failed IVF in a clinical setting...
October 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025014/reactive-oxygen-species-and-protein-modifications-in-spermatozoa
#16
Cristian O'Flaherty, David Matsushita-Fournier
Cellular response to reactive oxygen species (ROS) includes both reversible redox signaling and irreversible nonenzymatic reactions which depend on the nature and concentration of the ROS involved. Changes in thiol/disulfide pairs affect protein conformation, enzymatic activity, ligand binding, and protein-protein interactions. During spermatogenesis and epididymal maturation, there are ROS-dependent modifications of the sperm chromatin and flagellar proteins.The spermatozoon is regulated by redox mechanisms to acquire fertilizing ability...
October 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854585/sperm-chemorepulsion-a-supplementary-mechanism-to-regulate-fertilization
#17
H A Guidobaldi, M Cubilla, A Moreno, M V Molino, L Bahamondes, L C Giojalas
STUDY QUESTION: Are human spermatozoa able of chemorepulsive behaviour? SUMMARY ANSWER: Capacitated human spermatozoa are able to be chemorepelled by synthetic Progesterone Receptor Ligands (sPRL, known as contraceptives) and zinc (a cation released by the oocyte upon fertilization). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Moving cells can be oriented towards or against a molecular gradient, processes called chemoattraction and chemorepulsion, respectively, which have been described in unicellular organisms such as amoebas and bacteria, to organismic cells such macrophages and developmental cells...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810916/the-catsper-channel-and-its-roles-in-male-fertility-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Xiang-Hong Sun, Ying-Ying Zhu, Lin Wang, Hong-Ling Liu, Yong Ling, Zong-Li Li, Li-Bo Sun
The Catsper channel is a sperm-specific, Ca(2+)-permeable, pH-dependent, and low voltage-dependent channel that is essential for the hyperactivity of sperm flagellum, chemotaxis towards the egg, capacitation and acrosome reaction. All of these physiological events require calcium entry into sperm cells. Remarkably, Catsper genes are exclusively expressed in the testis during spermatogenesis, and are sensitive to ion channel-induced pH change, such as NHEs, Ca(2+)ATPase, K(+) channel, Hv1 channel and HCO3(-) transporters...
August 15, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751536/defective-sperm-head-decondensation-undermines-the-success-of-icsi-in-the-bovine
#19
Luis Águila, Ricardo Felmer, María Elena Arias, Felipe Navarrete, David Martin-Hidalgo, Hoi Chang Lee, Pablo Visconti, Rafael Fissore
The efficiency of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in the bovine is low compared to other species. It is unknown whether defective oocyte activation and/or sperm head decondensation limit the success of this technique in this species. To elucidate where the main obstacle lies, we used homologous and heterologous ICSI and parthenogenetic activation procedures. We also evaluated whether in vitro maturation negatively impacted the early stages of activation after ICSI. Here we showed that injected bovine sperm are resistant to nuclear decondensation by bovine oocytes and this is only partly overcome by exogenous activation...
September 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749007/reactive-oxygen-species-as-mediators-of-sperm-capacitation-and-pathological-damage
#20
REVIEW
Robert J Aitken
Oxidative stress plays a major role in the life and death of mammalian spermatozoa. These gametes are professional generators of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which appear to derive from three potential sources: sperm mitochondria, cytosolic L-amino acid oxidases, and plasma membrane Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidases. The oxidative stress created via these sources appears to play a significant role in driving the physiological changes associated with sperm capacitation through the stimulation of a cyclic adenosine monophosphate/Protein kinase A phosphorylation cascade, including the activation of Extracellular signal regulated kinase-like proteins, massive up-regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation in the sperm tail, as well as the induction of sterol oxidation...
October 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
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