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sperm capacitation physiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194463/improved-bovine-embryo-production-in-an-oviduct-on-a-chip-system-prevention-of-poly-spermic-fertilization-and-parthenogenic-activation
#1
Marcia A M M Ferraz, Heiko H W Henning, Pedro F Costa, Jos Malda, Ferry P Melchels, R Wubbolts, Tom A E Stout, Peter L A M Vos, Bart M Gadella
The oviduct provides the natural micro-environment for gamete interaction, fertilization and early embryo development in mammals, such as the cow. In conventional culture systems, bovine oviduct epithelial cells (BOEC) undergo a rapid loss of essential differentiated cell properties; we aimed to develop a more physiological in vitro oviduct culture system capable of supporting fertilization. U-shaped chambers were produced using stereo-lithography and mounted with polycarbonate membranes, which were used as culture inserts for primary BOECs...
February 14, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185602/impaired-hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular-axis-activity-spermatogenesis-and-sperm-function-promote-infertility-in-males-with-lead-poisoning
#2
Jason Gandhi, Rafael J Hernandez, Andrew Chen, Noel L Smith, Yefim R Sheynkin, Gargi Joshi, Sardar Ali Khan
Lead poisoning is a stealthy threat to human physiological systems as chronic exposure can remain asymptomatic for long periods of time before symptoms manifest. We presently review the biophysical mechanisms of lead poisoning that contribute to male infertility. Environmental and occupational exposure of lead may adversely affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis, impairing the induction of spermatogenesis. Dysfunction at the reproductive axis, namely testosterone suppression, is most susceptible and irreversible during pubertal development...
February 10, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077244/the-catsper-channel-modulates-boar-sperm-motility-during-capacitation
#3
Alejandro Vicente-Carrillo, Manuel Álvarez-Rodríguez, Heriberto Rodríguez-Martínez
The cation channel of sperm (CatSper) comprises four transmembrane subunits specifically expressed in human, equine, murine and ovine spermatozoa, apparently implicated in capacitation, hyperactivation and acrosome exocytosis. Western blotting and immunocytochemistry showed hereby that CatSper subunits are also present in boar spermatozoa, primarily over the sperm neck, tail and cytoplasmic droplets; albeit CatSper -1 presented in addition some distribution over the membrane of the acrosome and CatSper -2 and -4 over the membrane of the post-acrosome...
January 8, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063926/luteinizing-hormone-modulates-intracellular-calcium-protein-tyrosine-phosphorylation-and-motility-during-human-sperm-capacitation
#4
Aideé S López-Torres, María E González-González, Esperanza Mata-Martínez, Fernando Larrea, Claudia L Treviño, Mayel Chirinos
In order to fertilize, spermatozoa must undergo physiological and biochemical changes during their transit along the female reproductive tract before reaching and fusing with the oocyte, process known as capacitation. Sperm modifications associated with capacitation are modulated by their interaction with molecules present in the female reproductive tract. During the woman fertile window, some reproductive hormones reach their maximum concentrations in serum, such as the luteinizing hormone (LH). Since spermatozoa preparing to fertilize may be exposed to LH, the purpose of this work was to study the effects of this hormone on intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)]i), protein tyrosine phosphorylation, sperm motility and acrosome reaction under capacitating conditions...
January 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921298/female-induced-remote-regulation-of-sperm-physiology-may-provide-opportunities-for-gamete-level-mate-choice
#5
Jukka Kekäläinen, Jonathan P Evans
In sedentary externally fertilizing species, direct interactions between mating partners are limited and prefertilization communication between sexes occurs largely at the gamete level. Certain combinations of eggs and sperm often have higher fertilization success than others, which may be contingent on egg-derived chemical factors that preferentially attract sperm from compatible males. Here, we examine the mechanisms underlying such effects in the marine mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, where differential sperm attraction has recently been shown to be associated with variation in offspring viability...
December 6, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901058/a-kinase-anchoring-protein-4-akap4-is-an-erk1-2-substrate-and-a-switch-molecule-between-camp-pka-and-pkc-erk1-2-in-human-spermatozoa
#6
Liat Rahamim Ben-Navi, Tal Almog, Zhong Yao, Rony Seger, Zvi Naor
Mammalian spermatozoa undergo capacitation and acrosome reaction in order to fertilize the egg. The PKC-ERK1/2 pathway plays an important role in human spermatozoa motility, capacitation and the acrosome reaction. Here we demonstrate that ERK1/2 phosphorylates proAKAP4 on Thr265 in human spermatozoa in vitro and in vivo. Cyclic AMP (cAMP) had no effect on ERK1/2 activity in human spermatozoa, but stimulated the MAPK in mouse pituitary LβT2 gonadotrope cells. cAMP via PKA attenuates PKC-dependent ERK1/2 activation only in the presence of proAKAP4...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690295/factors-and-pathways-involved-in-capacitation-how-are-they-regulated
#7
REVIEW
Shi-Kai Jin, Wan-Xi Yang
In mammals, fertilization occurs via a comprehensive progression of events. Freshly ejaculated sperm have yet to acquire progressive motility or fertilization ability. They must first undergo a series of biochemical and physiological changes, collectively known as capacitation. Capacitation is a significant prerequisite to fertilization. During the process of capacitation, changes in membrane properties, intracellular ion concentration and the activities of enzymes, together with other protein modifications, induce multiple signaling events and pathways in defined media in vitro or in the female reproductive tract in vivo...
January 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678485/uterosome-like-vesicles-prompt-human-sperm-fertilizing-capability
#8
A Franchi, M Cubilla, H A Guidobaldi, A A Bravo, L C Giojalas
STUDY QUESTION: Does the rapid transit through the uterine environment modulate the sperm physiological state? SUMMARY ANSWER: The uterosome-like vesicles (ULVs) secreted by endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) in vitro are able to fuse with human spermatozoa, prompting their fertilizing capacity. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Early studies suggest that sperm capacitation begins in the uterus and ends in the oviduct, and that a synergistic effect of both female organs may accelerate this process...
December 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662642/sperm-binding-to-oviduct-epithelial-cells-enhances-tgfb1-and-il10-expressions-in-epithelial-cells-as-well-as-neutrophils-in-vitro-prostaglandin-e2-as-a-main-regulator-of-anti-inflammatory-response-in-the-bovine-oviduct
#9
Mohamed Samy Yousef, Mohamed Ali Marey, Nina Hambruch, Hiroyuki Hayakawa, Takashi Shimizu, Hassan Ali Hussien, Abdel-Razek Khalifa Abdel-Razek, Christiane Pfarrer, Akio Miyamoto
Sperm are allogenic to the female genital tract; however, oviducts provide optimal conditions for survival and capacitation of these non-self cells until fertilization. Recently, we showed that oviduct-conditioned media and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) suppress sperm phagocytosis by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) under physiological conditions. We hypothesized that sperm binding to bovine oviduct epithelial cells (BOECs) could change the local innate immunity via PGE2. As the first step to obtain basic information, sub-confluent BOEC monolayers were co-cultured with swim-up sperm for 2 h...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651517/why-doesn-t-conventional-ivf-work-in-the-horse
#10
Bart Leemans, Bart M Gadella, Tom Arjun Edgar Stout, Catharina De Schauwer, Hilde Maria Nelis, Maarten Hoogewijs, Ann Van Soom
In contrast to man and many other mammalian species, conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) with horse gametes is not reliably successful. The apparent inability of stallion spermatozoa to penetrate the zona pellucida in vitro is most likely due to incomplete activation of spermatozoa (capacitation) as a result of inadequate capacitating or fertilizing media. In vivo, the oviduct and its secretions provide a micro-environment that does reliably support and regulate interaction between the gametes. This review focuses on equine sperm-oviduct interaction...
September 20, 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625611/the-calcium-sensing-receptor-and-the-reproductive-system
#11
REVIEW
Isabella Ellinger
Active placental transport of maternal serum calcium (Ca(2+)) to the offspring is pivotal for proper development of the fetal skeleton as well as various organ systems. Moreover, extracellular Ca(2+) levels impact on distinct processes in mammalian reproduction. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) translates changes in extracellular Ca(2+)-concentrations into cellular reactions. This review summarizes current knowledge on the expression of CaSR and its putative functions in reproductive organs. CaSR was detected in placental cells mediating materno-fetal Ca(2+)-transport such as the murine intraplacental yolk sac (IPYS) and the human syncytiotrophoblast...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599714/ouabain-interactions-with-the-%C3%AE-4-isoform-of-the-sodium-pump-trigger-non-classical-steroid-hormone-signaling-and-integrin-expression-in-spermatogenic-cells
#12
Neha Upmanyu, Raimund Dietze, Ulrike Kirch, Georgios Scheiner-Bobis
In addition to the ubiquitous α1 isoform of the sodium pump, sperm cells also express a male-specific α4 isoform whose function has been associated with sperm motility, fertility, and capacitation. Here we investigate in the murine spermatogenic cell line GC-2 interactions of the α4 isoform with the cardiotonic steroid ouabain in signaling cascades involved in the non-classical action of steroid hormones. Exposure of GC-2 cells to low concentrations of ouabain stimulates the phosphorylation of Erk1/2 and of the transcription factors CREB and ATF-1...
November 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565610/characterization-of-camp-phosphodiesterase-activity-in-bovine-seminal-plasma
#13
A Bergeron, J P Aragon, C Guillemette, A Hébert, R Sullivan, P Blondin, F J Richard
The second messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) has a central role in sperm physiology. Extracellular cAMP can be sequentially degraded into 5'AMP and adenosine by ecto-phosphodiesterases (ecto-PDE) and ecto-nucleotidases, a phenomenon called extracellular cAMP-adenosine pathway. As cAMP-adenosine pathway is involved in sperm capacitation, we hypothesize that extracellular PDEs are functionally present in seminal plasma. Exclusively measuring cAMP-PDE activity, total activity in bovine seminal plasma was 10...
August 27, 2016: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526775/mrna-expression-pattern-of-selected-candidate-genes-differs-in-bovine-oviductal-epithelial-cells-in-vitro-compared-with-the-in-vivo-state-and-during-cell-culture-passages
#14
Sadjad Danesh Mesgaran, Jutta Sharbati, Ralf Einspanier, Christoph Gabler
BACKGROUND: The mammalian oviduct provides the optimal environment for gamete maturation including sperm capacitation, fertilization, and development of the early embryo. Various cell culture models for primary bovine oviductal epithelial cells (BOEC) were established to reveal such physiological events. The aim of this study was to evaluate 17 candidate mRNA expression patterns in oviductal epithelial cells (1) in transition from in vivo cells to in vitro cells; (2) during three consecutive cell culture passages; (3) affected by the impact of LOW or HIGH glucose content media; and (4) influenced by different phases of the estrous cycle in vivo and in vitro...
August 15, 2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512123/oviductal-response-to-gametes-and-early-embryos-in-mammals
#15
REVIEW
Veronica Maillo, Maria Jesus Sánchez-Calabuig, Ricaurte Lopera-Vasquez, Meriem Hamdi, Alfonso Gutierrez-Adan, Patrick Lonergan, Dimitrios Rizos
The oviduct is a complex and organized thin tubular structure connecting the ovary with the uterus. It is the site of final sperm capacitation, oocyte fertilization and, in most species, the first 3-4days of early embryo development. The oviductal epithelium is made up of ciliary and secretory cells responsible for the secretion of proteins and other factors which contribute to the formation of the oviductal fluid. Despite significant research, most of the pathways and oviductal factors implicated in the crosstalk between gametes/early embryo and the oviduct remain unknown...
October 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491678/oestrous-sheep-serum-balances-ros-levels-to-supply-in-vitro-capacitation-of-ram-spermatozoa
#16
E Del Olmo, O García-Álvarez, A Maroto-Morales, M Ramón, M Iniesta-Cuerda, F Martinez-Pastor, V Montoro, A J Soler, J J Garde, M R Fernández-Santos
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are fundamental for intracellular signalling. In spermatozoa, they are involved both to apoptosis and to capacitation, and changes in ROS levels can alter the balance between these two processes. Oestrous sheep serum (OSS) is considered an efficient agent for in vitro capacitation of ram spermatozoa. We have explored the effects of OSS on ram sperm physiology, especially on ROS production, during in vitro capacitation. Semen samples from 15 rams were cryopreserved. After thawing, samples were submitted to four treatments: control (CTL), 10% OSS supplementation for in vitro sperm capacitation, caspase inhibitor (INH, Z-VAD-FMK 100 μM) and OSS (10%) plus caspase inhibitor (I + E)...
October 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345329/angiotensin-ii-increases-sperm-phagocytosis-by-neutrophils-in-vitro-a-possible-physiological-role-in-the-bovine-oviduct
#17
Mohamed Ali Marey, Mohamed Samy Yousef, Jinghui Liu, Kazuhiro Morita, Motoki Sasaki, Hiroyuki Hayakawa, Takashi Shimizu, Akio Miyamoto
This study aimed to investigate the possible effects of the vasoactive peptide angiotensin II (ANG II), secreted by bovine oviduct epithelial cells, on the in vitro phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, specifically neutrophils, towards sperm. The measured concentrations of ANG II in oviduct flushes and conditioned medium from primary bovine oviduct epithelial culture ranged from 10(-10) to 10(-11)  M. In our experiments, neutrophils were incubated for 2 hr with ANG II (0, 10(-11) , 10(-10) , 10(-9) , and 10(-8)  M)...
July 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194353/role-of-actin-cytoskeleton-during-mammalian-sperm-acrosomal-exocytosis
#18
REVIEW
Ana Romarowski, Guillermina M Luque, Florenza A La Spina, Dario Krapf, Mariano G Buffone
Mammalian sperm require to undergo an exocytotic process called acrosomal exocytosis in order to be able to fuse with the oocyte. This ability is acquired during the course of sperm capacitation. This review is focused on one aspect related to this acquisition: the role of the actin cytoskeleton. Evidence from different laboratories indicates that actin polymerization occurs during capacitation, and the detection of several actin-related proteins suggests that the cytoskeleton is involved in important sperm functions...
2016: Advances in Anatomy, Embryology, and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194351/sperm-capacitation-and-acrosome-reaction-in-mammalian-sperm
#19
REVIEW
Cintia Stival, Lis del C Puga Molina, Bidur Paudel, Mariano G Buffone, Pablo E Visconti, Dario Krapf
Physiological changes that endow mammalian sperm with fertilizing capacity are known as sperm capacitation. As part of capacitation, sperm develop an asymmetrical flagellar beating known as hyperactivation and acquire the ability to undergo the acrosome reaction. Together, these processes promote fertilizing competence in sperm. At the molecular level, capacitation involves a series of signal transduction events which include activation of cAMP-dependent phosphorylation pathways, removal of cholesterol, hyperpolarization of the sperm plasma membrane, and changes in ion permeability...
2016: Advances in Anatomy, Embryology, and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071965/modulation-of-human-sperm-capacitation-by-progesterone-estradiol-and-luteinizing-hormone
#20
Aideé Saray López-Torres, Mayel Chirinos
Sperm residency in female reproductive tract is essential to undergo functional changes that allow the cell to encounter the oocyte and fertilize it. Those changes, known as capacitation, are modulated by molecules located in the uterotubal surface and fluids. During the fertile window, there is a notable increase in some reproductive hormones such as progesterone, estradiol, and luteinizing hormone in the female reproductive tract, so spermatozoa are exposed to these hormones in an environment that must favor gamete encountering and fusion...
April 12, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
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