keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sperm capacitation physiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638922/-palmitoylation-of-heat-shock-protein-90-in-mouse-sperm
#1
Rui Li, Kun Li, Yue Yang, Pei-Bei Sun, Ai-Jun Chen, Ya Ni
Protein palmitoylation, one of post-translation modifications, refers to the addition of saturated 16-carbon palmitic acid to cysteine residues via the thioester bond. It plays key roles in various functional activities, such as the interaction, stability and location of proteins. Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), an important molecular chaperone, has been reported to be involved in sperm capacitation. However, it remains unclear whether protein palmitoylation exists in sperm and whether Hsp90 in sperm is palmitoylated under different physiological conditions...
June 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507119/regulation-of-the-sperm-calcium-channel-catsper-by-endogenous-steroids-and-plant-triterpenoids
#2
Nadja Mannowetz, Melissa R Miller, Polina V Lishko
The calcium channel of sperm (CatSper) is essential for sperm hyperactivated motility and fertility. The steroid hormone progesterone activates CatSper of human sperm via binding to the serine hydrolase ABHD2. However, steroid specificity of ABHD2 has not been evaluated. Here, we explored whether steroid hormones to which human spermatozoa are exposed in the male and female genital tract influence CatSper activation via modulation of ABHD2. The results show that testosterone, estrogen, and hydrocortisone did not alter basal CatSper currents, whereas the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate exerted similar effects as progesterone, likely binding to the same site...
May 30, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481731/posttranslational-modifications-in-spermatozoa-and-effects-on-male-fertility-and-sperm-viability
#3
Rahim Dad Brohi, Li-Jun Huo
Spermatogenesis is a complex and highly regulated process. The ability of spermatozoa to perform its function depends on multiple physiological and genetic factors that are not fully understood. Notably, due to lack of transcriptional and translational activity in spermatozoa, posttranslational modifications (PTMs) play key roles in determining their viability. PTMs not only confer structural changes in the proteome of the spermatozoa cells, but also increase the diversity of the proteome and introduce specific modifications that could be translated into functional changes in the affected spermatozoa...
May 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442049/prion-protein-2-dublet-gene-prnd-role-in-ovine-semen-capacitation-cryopreservation-and-fertility
#4
L M Ferreira, M Garcia-Herreros, A Domingos, C C Marques, P Mesquita, J P Barbas, M C Baptista, J Pimenta, A E M Horta, J A M Prates, R M L N Pereira
The aim of the present study was to examine the role of Doppel protein in the capacitation process and fertilising ability of both fresh and frozen-thawed (FT) spermatozoa from rams carrying different prion protein 2 (dublet) (PRND) gene polymorphisms. The detection efficacy of new anti-Doppel monoclonal antibodies and PRND mRNA quantification were also explored in ovine spermatozoa. Three different genotypes (AA, GA, GG) were identified for codon 26 of ovine PRND-c.78G>A. Using flow cytometry, a higher fluorescence was detected in fresh compared with FT sperm samples incubated with anti-Doppel primary and fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated secondary antibodies (P<0...
April 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432466/calpain-inhibition-prevents-flotillin-re-ordering-and-src-family-activation-during-capacitation
#5
Deneb Maldonado-García, Monica L Salgado-Lucio, Ana L Roa-Espitia, Tania Reyes-Miguel, Enrique O Hernández-González
Prior to fertilization, mammalian sperm undergo several molecular, biochemical and physiological changes in a process termed capacitation. However, the mechanisms explaining the involvement of cytoskeletal remodeling and membrane re-ordering in each process prior to fertilization remain poorly understood. We found that the migration of both flotillin microdomains and Src family kinases towards the apical ridge of guinea pig sperm occurs under capacitating conditions. This re-ordering is associated with spectrin cleavage by calpain...
April 22, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379343/c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-and-p38-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-pathways-link-capacitation-with-apoptosis-and-seminal-plasma-proteins-protect-sperm-by-interfering-with-both-routes%C3%A2
#6
Carolina Luna, Noelia Mendoza, Adriana Casao, Rosaura Pérez-Pé, José A Cebrián-Pérez, Teresa Muiño-Blanco
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 MAP kinase (p38) signaling cascades are involved in triggering apoptosis in somatic cells. Given that spermatozoa are able to undergo apoptosis, we tested the hypothesis that these pathways might be functional in ram spermatozoa as two signal transduction mechanisms that contribute to the modulation of capacitation and apoptosis. Indirect immunofluorescence and western blot analysis evidenced the presence of JNK and p38 in ram spermatozoa...
April 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377504/a-genetic-variant-of-the-sperm-specific-slo3-k-channel-has-altered-ph-and-ca-2-sensitivities
#7
Yanyan Geng, Juan J Ferreira, Victor Dzikunu, Alice Butler, Pascale Lybaert, Peng Yuan, Karl L Magleby, Lawrence Salkoff, Celia M Santi
To fertilize an oocyte, sperm must first undergo capacitation in which the sperm plasma membrane becomes hyperpolarized via activation of potassium (K(+)) channels and resultant K(+) efflux. Sperm-specific SLO3 K(+) channels are responsible for these membrane potential changes critical for fertilization in mouse sperm, and they are only sensitive to pH i However, in human sperm, the major K(+) conductance is both Ca(2+)- and pH i -sensitive. It has been debated whether Ca(2+)-sensitive SLO1 channels substitute for human SLO3 (hSLO3) in human sperm or whether human SLO3 channels have acquired Ca(2+) sensitivity...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297559/molecular-changes-and-signaling-events-occurring-in-spermatozoa-during-epididymal-maturation
#8
REVIEW
M G Gervasi, P E Visconti
After leaving the testis, spermatozoa have not yet acquired the ability to move progressively and are unable to fertilize oocytes. To become fertilization competent, they must go through an epididymal maturation process in the male, and capacitation in the female tract. Epididymal maturation can be defined as those changes occurring to spermatozoa in the epididymis that render the spermatozoa the ability to capacitate in the female tract. As part of this process, sperm cells undergo a series of biochemical and physiological changes that require incorporation of new molecules derived from the epididymal epithelium, as well as post-translational modifications of endogenous proteins synthesized during spermiogenesis in the testis...
March 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238530/a-membrane-associated-adenylate-cyclase-modulates-lactate-dehydrogenase-and-creatine-kinase-activities-required-for-bull-sperm-capacitation-induced-by-hyaluronic-acid
#9
Silvina Fernández, Mariana Córdoba
Hyaluronic acid, as well as heparin, is a glycosaminoglycan present in the female genital tract of cattle. The aim of this study was to evaluate oxidative metabolism and intracellular signals mediated by a membrane-associated adenylate cyclase (mAC), in sperm capacitation with hyaluronic acid and heparin, in cryopreserved bull sperm. The mAC inhibitor, 2',5'-dideoxyadenosine, was used in the present study. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) activities and lactate concentration were determined spectrophotometrically in the incubation medium...
April 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194463/improved-bovine-embryo-production-in-an-oviduct-on-a-chip-system-prevention-of-poly-spermic-fertilization-and-parthenogenic-activation
#10
Marcia A M M Ferraz, Heiko H W Henning, Pedro F Costa, Jos Malda, Ferry P Melchels, R Wubbolts, Tom A E Stout, Peter L A M Vos, Bart M Gadella
The oviduct provides the natural micro-environment for gamete interaction, fertilization and early embryo development in mammals, such as the cow. In conventional culture systems, bovine oviduct epithelial cells (BOEC) undergo a rapid loss of essential differentiated cell properties; we aimed to develop a more physiological in vitro oviduct culture system capable of supporting fertilization. U-shaped chambers were produced using stereo-lithography and mounted with polycarbonate membranes, which were used as culture inserts for primary BOECs...
February 28, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185602/impaired-hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular-axis-activity-spermatogenesis-and-sperm-function-promote-infertility-in-males-with-lead-poisoning
#11
Jason Gandhi, Rafael J Hernandez, Andrew Chen, Noel L Smith, Yefim R Sheynkin, Gargi Joshi, Sardar Ali Khan
Lead poisoning is a stealthy threat to human physiological systems as chronic exposure can remain asymptomatic for long periods of time before symptoms manifest. We presently review the biophysical mechanisms of lead poisoning that contribute to male infertility. Environmental and occupational exposure of lead may adversely affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis, impairing the induction of spermatogenesis. Dysfunction at the reproductive axis, namely testosterone suppression, is most susceptible and irreversible during pubertal development...
February 10, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077244/the-catsper-channel-modulates-boar-sperm-motility-during-capacitation
#12
Alejandro Vicente-Carrillo, Manuel Álvarez-Rodríguez, Heriberto Rodríguez-Martínez
The cation channel of sperm (CatSper) comprises four transmembrane subunits specifically expressed in human, equine, murine and ovine spermatozoa, apparently implicated in capacitation, hyperactivation and acrosome exocytosis. Western blotting and immunocytochemistry showed hereby that CatSper subunits are also present in boar spermatozoa, primarily over the sperm neck, tail and cytoplasmic droplets; albeit CatSper -1 presented in addition some distribution over the membrane of the acrosome and CatSper -2 and -4 over the membrane of the post-acrosome...
March 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063926/luteinizing-hormone-modulates-intracellular-calcium-protein-tyrosine-phosphorylation-and-motility-during-human-sperm-capacitation
#13
Aideé S López-Torres, María E González-González, Esperanza Mata-Martínez, Fernando Larrea, Claudia L Treviño, Mayel Chirinos
In order to fertilize, spermatozoa must undergo physiological and biochemical changes during their transit along the female reproductive tract before reaching and fusing with the oocyte, process known as capacitation. Sperm modifications associated with capacitation are modulated by their interaction with molecules present in the female reproductive tract. During the woman fertile window, some reproductive hormones reach their maximum concentrations in serum, such as the luteinizing hormone (LH). Since spermatozoa preparing to fertilize may be exposed to LH, the purpose of this work was to study the effects of this hormone on intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)]i), protein tyrosine phosphorylation, sperm motility and acrosome reaction under capacitating conditions...
February 5, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921298/female-induced-remote-regulation-of-sperm-physiology-may-provide-opportunities-for-gamete-level-mate-choice
#14
Jukka Kekäläinen, Jonathan P Evans
In sedentary externally fertilizing species, direct interactions between mating partners are limited and prefertilization communication between sexes occurs largely at the gamete level. Certain combinations of eggs and sperm often have higher fertilization success than others, which may be contingent on egg-derived chemical factors that preferentially attract sperm from compatible males. Here, we examine the mechanisms underlying such effects in the marine mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis, where differential sperm attraction has recently been shown to be associated with variation in offspring viability...
December 6, 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901058/a-kinase-anchoring-protein-4-akap4-is-an-erk1-2-substrate-and-a-switch-molecule-between-camp-pka-and-pkc-erk1-2-in-human-spermatozoa
#15
Liat Rahamim Ben-Navi, Tal Almog, Zhong Yao, Rony Seger, Zvi Naor
Mammalian spermatozoa undergo capacitation and acrosome reaction in order to fertilize the egg. The PKC-ERK1/2 pathway plays an important role in human spermatozoa motility, capacitation and the acrosome reaction. Here we demonstrate that ERK1/2 phosphorylates proAKAP4 on Thr265 in human spermatozoa in vitro and in vivo. Cyclic AMP (cAMP) had no effect on ERK1/2 activity in human spermatozoa, but stimulated the MAPK in mouse pituitary LβT2 gonadotrope cells. cAMP via PKA attenuates PKC-dependent ERK1/2 activation only in the presence of proAKAP4...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690295/factors-and-pathways-involved-in-capacitation-how-are-they-regulated
#16
REVIEW
Shi-Kai Jin, Wan-Xi Yang
In mammals, fertilization occurs via a comprehensive progression of events. Freshly ejaculated sperm have yet to acquire progressive motility or fertilization ability. They must first undergo a series of biochemical and physiological changes, collectively known as capacitation. Capacitation is a significant prerequisite to fertilization. During the process of capacitation, changes in membrane properties, intracellular ion concentration and the activities of enzymes, together with other protein modifications, induce multiple signaling events and pathways in defined media in vitro or in the female reproductive tract in vivo...
January 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678485/uterosome-like-vesicles-prompt-human-sperm-fertilizing-capability
#17
A Franchi, M Cubilla, H A Guidobaldi, A A Bravo, L C Giojalas
STUDY QUESTION: Does the rapid transit through the uterine environment modulate the sperm physiological state? SUMMARY ANSWER: The uterosome-like vesicles (ULVs) secreted by endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) in vitro are able to fuse with human spermatozoa, prompting their fertilizing capacity. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Early studies suggest that sperm capacitation begins in the uterus and ends in the oviduct, and that a synergistic effect of both female organs may accelerate this process...
December 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662642/sperm-binding-to-oviduct-epithelial-cells-enhances-tgfb1-and-il10-expressions-in-epithelial-cells-as-well-as-neutrophils-in-vitro-prostaglandin-e2-as-a-main-regulator-of-anti-inflammatory-response-in-the-bovine-oviduct
#18
Mohamed Samy Yousef, Mohamed Ali Marey, Nina Hambruch, Hiroyuki Hayakawa, Takashi Shimizu, Hassan Ali Hussien, Abdel-Razek Khalifa Abdel-Razek, Christiane Pfarrer, Akio Miyamoto
Sperm are allogenic to the female genital tract; however, oviducts provide optimal conditions for survival and capacitation of these non-self cells until fertilization. Recently, we showed that oviduct-conditioned media and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) suppress sperm phagocytosis by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) under physiological conditions. We hypothesized that sperm binding to bovine oviduct epithelial cells (BOECs) could change the local innate immunity via PGE2. As the first step to obtain basic information, sub-confluent BOEC monolayers were co-cultured with swim-up sperm for 2 h...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651517/why-doesn-t-conventional-ivf-work-in-the-horse
#19
Bart Leemans, Bart M Gadella, Tom Arjun Edgar Stout, Catharina De Schauwer, Hilde Maria Nelis, Maarten Hoogewijs, Ann Van Soom
In contrast to man and many other mammalian species, conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) with horse gametes is not reliably successful. The apparent inability of stallion spermatozoa to penetrate the zona pellucida in vitro is most likely due to incomplete activation of spermatozoa (capacitation) as a result of inadequate capacitating or fertilizing media. In vivo, the oviduct and its secretions provide a micro-environment that does reliably support and regulate interaction between the gametes. This review focuses on equine sperm-oviduct interaction...
September 20, 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625611/the-calcium-sensing-receptor-and-the-reproductive-system
#20
REVIEW
Isabella Ellinger
Active placental transport of maternal serum calcium (Ca(2+)) to the offspring is pivotal for proper development of the fetal skeleton as well as various organ systems. Moreover, extracellular Ca(2+) levels impact on distinct processes in mammalian reproduction. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) translates changes in extracellular Ca(2+)-concentrations into cellular reactions. This review summarizes current knowledge on the expression of CaSR and its putative functions in reproductive organs. CaSR was detected in placental cells mediating materno-fetal Ca(2+)-transport such as the murine intraplacental yolk sac (IPYS) and the human syncytiotrophoblast...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
keyword
keyword
74891
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"