keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PTSD, Acute Stress Disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110718/cardiac-patients-perceptions-of-neighboring-patients-risk-influence-on-psychological-stress-in-the-ed-and-subsequent-posttraumatic-stress
#1
Beatrice Konrad, David Hiti, Bernard P Chang, Jessica Retuerto, Jacob Julian, Donald Edmondson
BACKGROUND: As many as 12% of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients screen positive for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms due to their cardiac event, and emergency department (ED) factors such as overcrowding have been associated with risk for PTSD. We tested the association of patients' perceptions of their proximity to a critically ill patient during ED evaluation for ACS with development of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS) in the month after hospital discharge. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in the REactions to Acute Care and Hospitalization (REACH) study during evaluation for ACS in an urban ED...
November 6, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109968/tracking-post-trauma-psychopathology-using-mobile-applications-a-usability-study
#2
Matthew Price, Katherine van Stolk-Cooke, Hannah L Ward, Michael O'Keefe, Jennifer Gratton, Christian Skalka, Kalev Freeman
Trauma exposure markedly increases risk for psychopathology including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Understanding the course by which PTSD develops after a traumatic event is critical to enhancing early intervention. Although prior work has explored the course of PTSD symptoms in the subsequent months, relatively few studies have explored the course of symptoms in the acute post-trauma period, defined as the 30 days after a traumatic event. A key challenge to conducting such studies is the lack of efficient means to collect data that does not impose significant burden on the participant during this time...
March 2017: J Technol Behav Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091828/prospectively-predicting-ptsd-status-with-heart-rate-reactivity-and-recovery-in-interpersonal-violence-survivors
#3
Brittany F Goodman, Michael G Griffin
The current study used heart rate (HR) reactivity to personalized trauma cues and HR recovery to predict later Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) status in female interpersonal violence survivors. A scripted imagery paradigm was used to assess initial (M = 1 month posttrauma) HR reactivity during exposure to and recovery following idiographic trauma cues. In addition, follow-up PTSD status (M = 8 months posttrauma) was assessed with the Clinician Administered PTSD scale (CAPS). A logistic regression was used to predict PTSD status at the follow-up assessment with HR reactivity during exposure to a personalized trauma audio script and recovery periods at initial assessment entered hierarchically...
October 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048519/finding-silver-linings-a-preliminary-examination-of-benefit-finding-in-youth-with-chronic-pain
#4
Sabine Soltani, Alex Neville, Karen Hurtubise, Aimee Hildenbrand, Melanie Noel
Background: Chronic pain is a pervasive condition in adolescence and is associated with significant psychological distress, functional disability, social isolation, and decreased quality of life for a subset of affected youth. There is a paucity of research examining potential resilience factors and adaptive processes in pediatric chronic pain. Benefit finding refers to the process of perceiving positive consequences in the face of adversity. Previous research on benefit finding in pediatric samples (e...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020387/reversal-of-stress-induced-social-interaction-deficits-by-buprenorphine
#5
Caroline A Browne, Edgardo Falcon, Shivon A Robinson, Olivier Berton, Irwin Lucki
Background: Patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently report persistent problems with social interactions, emerging after a traumatic experience. Chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) is a widely used rodent model of stress that produces robust and sustained social avoidance behavior. The avoidance of other rodents can be reversed by 28 days of treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the only pharmaceutical class approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration for treating PTSD...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972278/a-retrospective-study-of-ketamine-administration-and-the-development-of-acute-or-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-274-war-wounded-soldiers
#6
G Mion, J Le Masson, C Granier, C Hoffmann
The objective of this study was to explore whether ketamine prevents or exacerbates acute or post-traumatic stress disorders in military trauma patients. We conducted a retrospective study of a database from the French Military Health Service, including all soldiers surviving a war injury in Afghanistan (2010-2012). The diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder was made by a psychiatrist and patients were analysed according to the presence or absence of this condition. Analysis included the following covariables: age; sex; acute stress disorder; blast injury; associated fatality; brain injury; traumatic amputation; Glasgow coma scale; injury severity score; administered drugs; number of surgical procedures; physical, neurosensory or aesthetic sequelae; and the development chronic pain...
December 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933225/inflammation-relates-to-chronic-behavioral-and-neurological-symptoms-in-military-personnel-with-traumatic-brain-injuries
#7
Christina Devoto, Lindsay Arcurio, Joseph Fetta, Mary Ley, Tamar Rodney, Rebekah Kanefsky, Jessica Gill
Studies have shown that the presence of acute inflammation during recovery is indicative of poor outcomes after a traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, the role of chronic inflammation in predicting post-TBI-related symptoms remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to compare inflammatory biomarkers (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, interleukin [IL]-6, and IL-10) in active duty personnel who either sustained or did not sustain a TBI. Service members were also assessed for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and quality of life through self-reported measures...
July 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928678/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-as-a-standalone-intervention-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-mixed-traumatic-events-a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study
#8
Meike Müller-Engelmann, Susanne Wünsch, Marina Volk, Regina Steil
Objectives: There is promising evidence that mindfulness-based interventions are effective in reducing the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, until now, studies have often lacked a full clinical PTSD assessment, and interventions are often administered in addition to other interventions. This study examined the feasibility of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) as a standalone intervention in patients with PTSD who have experienced mixed traumatic events. Method: Fourteen patients participated in 8 weeks of MBSR...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915145/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-trauma-exposed-inpatient-adolescents-the-role-of-emotional-nonacceptance-and-anxiety-symptom-severity
#9
Andres G Viana, Abigail E Hanna, Elizabeth M Raines, Emma C Woodward, Daniel J Paulus, Erin C Berenz, Michael J Zvolensky
The present investigation examined the role of anxiety symptom severity in the relation between emotional nonacceptance and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a diverse sample of trauma-exposed adolescents admitted for acute psychiatric care at an inpatient state hospital (N = 50; 52.0% women; 44% white; mean [SD] age, 15.1 [0.51] years; range, 12-17 years). Anxiety symptom severity partially accounted for the association between emotional nonacceptance and PTSD total symptoms, and fully accounted for the association between emotional nonacceptance and PTSD symptom cluster severity, even after controlling for covariates...
November 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913926/dangers-on-the-road-a-longitudinal-examination-of-passenger-initiated-violence-against-bus-drivers
#10
Biru Zhou, Richard Boyer, Stéphane Guay
This study examined the impact of workplace violence against 109 bus drivers over a 1-year span. Workplace violence is related to both psychological and work-related consequences. Our findings showed that bus drivers experienced a wide range of violence at work and the psychological consequences were devastating: Half of the participants met the diagnostic criteria for acute stress disorder within the first month following the index event. Majority of them experienced at least moderate levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) problems over the 1-year span...
September 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895451/risk-factors-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-subsequent-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-mental-health-disorders-among-united-states-army-soldiers
#11
Dennis E Scofield, Susan P Proctor, Joseph R Kardouni, Owen T Hill, Craig J McKinnon
The purpose of this study was to determine the association of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with subsequent post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mental health disorders (MHD), and the intervening role of acute stress disorder (ASD). This matched case-control study utilized the Total Army Injury and Health Outcomes Database (TAIHOD) to analyze soldiers' (n = 1,261,297) medical encounter data between 2002 and 2011. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes were used to identify: mTBI (following Centers for Disease Control [CDC] surveillance definition for mTBI), MHD (ICD-9 codes for depression and anxiety, excluding PTSD), PTSD (ICD-9 309...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865495/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-for-treatment-resistant-major-depression-trmd-veteran-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Zhibao Mi, Kousick Biswas, J Kaci Fairchild, Anne Davis-Karim, Ciaran S Phibbs, Steven D Forman, Michael Thase, Gerald Georgette, Tamara Beale, David Pittman, Margaret Windy McNerney, Allyson Rosen, Grant D Huang, Mark George, Art Noda, Jerome A Yesavage
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treatment-resistant major depression (TRMD) in Veterans offers unique clinical trial challenges. Here we describe a randomized, double-blinded, intent-to-treat, two-arm, superiority parallel design, a multicenter study funded by the Cooperative Studies Program (CSP No. 556) of the US Department of Veterans Affairs. METHODS: We recruited medical providers with clinical expertise in treating TRMD at nine Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers as the trial local investigators...
September 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838093/sex-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-cardiovascular-patients-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-report-from-the-chart-2-study
#13
Takeo Onose, Yasuhiko Sakata, Kotaro Nochioka, Masanobu Miura, Takeshi Yamauchi, Kanako Tsuji, Ruri Abe, Takuya Oikawa, Shintaro Kasahara, Masayuki Sato, Takashi Shiroto, Satoshi Miyata, Jun Takahashi, Hiroaki Shimokawa
Aims: The temporal changes and sex differences in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after natural disasters remain unclear. Therefore, we examined the prevalence, prognostic impacts, and determinant factors of PTSD after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) of 11 March 2011 in cardiovascular (CV) patients registered in the Chronic Heart Failure Analysis and Registry in the Tohoku District (CHART)-2 Study (n = 10 219), with a special reference to sex. Methods and results: By self-completion questionnaires of the Japanese-language version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R-J), the prevalence of PTSD, defined as IES-R-J score ≥25, was 14...
July 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837948/coping-strategies-as-mediators-in-relation-to-resilience-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Nicholas J Thompson, Devika Fiorillo, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler, Vasiliki Michopoulos
BACKGROUND: Resilience has been shown to protect against the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the aftermath of trauma. However, it remains unclear how coping strategies influence resilience and PTSD development in the acute aftermath of trauma. The current prospective, longitudinal study investigated the relationship between resilience, coping strategies, and the development of chronic PTSD symptoms. METHODS: A sample of patients was recruited from an emergency department following a Criterion A trauma...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837111/longitudinal-impact-of-hurricane-sandy-exposure-on-mental-health-symptoms
#15
Rebecca M Schwartz, Christina N Gillezeau, Bian Liu, Wil Lieberman-Cribbin, Emanuela Taioli
Hurricane Sandy hit the eastern coast of the United States in October 2012, causing billions of dollars in damage and acute physical and mental health problems. The long-term mental health consequences of the storm and their predictors have not been studied. New York City and Long Island residents completed questionnaires regarding their initial Hurricane Sandy exposure and mental health symptoms at baseline and 1 year later (N = 130). There were statistically significant decreases in anxiety scores (mean difference = -0...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821498/impact-of-child-death-on-paediatric-trainees
#16
Clare E Hollingsworth, Carla Wesley, Jaymie Huckridge, Gabrielle M Finn, Michael J Griksaitis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of symptoms of acute stress reactions (ASR) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in paediatric trainees following their involvement in child death. DESIGN: A survey designed to identify trainees' previous experiences of child death combined with questions to identify features of PTSD. Quantitative interpretation was used alongside a χ(2) test. A p value of <0.05 was considered significant. SETTING: 604 surveys were distributed across 13 UK health education deaneries...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814465/the-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-in-a-model-of-traumatic-stress-fear-inhibition-or-contextual-processing
#17
Zachary T Pennington, Austin S Anderson, Michael S Fanselow
The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) has consistently appeared altered in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although the vmPFC is thought to support the extinction of learned fear responses, several findings support a broader role for this structure in the regulation of fear. To further characterize the relationship between vmPFC dysfunction and responses to traumatic stress, we examined the effects of pretraining vmPFC lesions on trauma reactivity and enhanced fear learning in a rodent model of PTSD...
September 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813311/acute-stress-disorder
#18
REVIEW
Richard A Bryant
Acute stress disorder (ASD) was introduced in DSM-IV to describe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms that (a) occur in the initial month after trauma and (b) predict subsequent PTSD. Longitudinal studies have shown that most people who develop PTSD do not initially meet ASD criteria, which led to the decision in DSM-5 to limit the ASD diagnosis to describing acute stress reactions without any predictive function. Controlled trials have shown that trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy is the treatment of choice for ASD, and is superior to pharmacological interventions...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807706/the-relationship-between-psychological-symptoms-and-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#19
Himali Weerahandi, Nathan Goldstein, Laura P Gelfman, Ulrich Jorde, James N Kirkpatrick, Edith Meyerson, Judith Marble, Yoshifumi Naka, Sean Pinney, Mark S Slaughter, Emilia Bagiella, Deborah D Ascheim
CONTEXT: Ventricular assist devices (VADs) improve quality of life in advanced heart failure (HF) patients, but there are little data exploring psychological symptoms in this population. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms and disease over time in VAD patients. METHODS: This prospective multicenter cohort study enrolled patients immediately before or after VAD implant and followed them up to forty-eight weeks...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752417/metformin-alleviated-the-neuronal-oxidative-stress-in-hippocampus-of-rats-under-single-prolonged-stress
#20
Jiangang Wang, Bing Xiao, Fang Han, Yuxiu Shi
In an animal model of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), our previous studies showed mitochondrial stress-induced apoptosis in the hippocampus. Metformin, the most commonly prescribed anti-diabetic drug, exerts its effects through 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation. It was shown that a neuroprotective role was gradually established against stroke, spinal cord injury and Parkinson's disease. The aim of this study was to explore the role of the AMPK pathway in neuronal apoptosis in the hippocampus using a rat model of PTSD...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
keyword
keyword
7489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"