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sperm capacitation

Julie Lamy, Perrine Nogues, Lucie Combes-Soia, Guillaume Tsikis, Valérie Labas, Pascal Mermillod, Xavier Druart, Marie Saint-Dizier
The interactions between oviductal fluid (OF) proteins and spermatozoa play major roles in sperm selection, storage and capacitation before fertilization. However, only a few sperm-interacting proteins in the OF has been identified and very little is known about the regulation of sperm-oviduct interactions across the estrous cycle. Samples of bovine frozen-thawed sperm from three bulls were incubated with OF at pre-, post-ovulatory stages (Pre/Post-ov) or luteal phase (LP) of the estrous cycle (7 mg/ml proteins, treated groups), or with a protein-free media (control)...
March 14, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
G Charles Ostermeier, Cristina Cardona, Melissa A Moody, Alana J Simpson, Romeo Mendoza, Eric Seaman, Alexander J Travis
Sperm must mature functionally in the process of capacitation to become able to fertilize. Capacitation depends on membrane lipid changes, and can be quantitatively assessed by redistribution of the ganglioside GM1 , the basis of the Cap-Score™ sperm function test. Here, differences in Cap-Score were compared among and within men at two time points. Ejaculates were liquefied, washed, and incubated for 3 hours under capacitating (Cap) conditions, then fixed and analyzed immediately (Day0); after being incubated 3 hours under Cap conditions then maintained 22-24 hours in fix (Day1-fix); or after 22-24 hours incubation under Cap conditions prior to fixation (Day1)...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
P Karan, T K Mohanty, A Kumaresan, M Bhakat, R K Baithalu, K Verma, S Kumar, M Das Gupta, K K Saraf, S C Gahlot
To achieve the targeted artificial insemination coverage with the current rate of semen production, without affecting the conception rate, it needs to reduce the number of spermatozoa per insemination dose in India as per international practice. Therefore, this study was planned to perform different levels of semen dilution, compare in vitro post-thaw semen quality and develop a modified low-dose semen packaging method in French mini straw to minimise semen dilution effect. Sixteen ejaculates were collected from Karan Fries bulls (n = 4)...
March 7, 2018: Andrologia
Joao A M Carneiro, Igor F Canisso, R S Bandeira, V F C Scheeren, Camila P Freitas-Dell'Aqua, Marco A Alvarenga, Frederico O Papa, Jose A Dell'Aqua
This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant properties of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) during cryopreservation of semen obtained from stallions having good and bad semen freezing ability (GFA vs. BFA, respectively). Forty ejaculates (n = 20 stallions) were split into five centrifugation and five freezing extenders containing different concentrations of CoQ10 (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 μmols/L). If CoQ10 was added to the centrifugation extender, the freezing extender had no CoQ10 added; similarly, if CoQ10 was added to the freezing extender, the centrifugation extender had no CoQ10...
February 24, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Stefania Muzzachi, Lorenzo Guerra, Nicola Antonio Martino, Maria Favia, Giuseppe Punzi, Fabio Silvestre, Antonio Ciro Guaricci, Maria Teresa Roscino, Ciro Leonardo Pierri, Maria Elena Dell'Aquila, Valeria Casavola, Giovanni Michele Lacalandra, Elena Ciani
Sperm motility, a feature essential for in vivo fertilization, is influenced by intracellular pH (pHi ) homeostasis. Several mechanisms are involved in pHi regulation, among which sodium-hydrogen exchangers (NHEs), a family of integral transmembrane proteins that catalyse the exchange of Na+ for H+ across lipid bilayers. A preliminary characterization of NHE activity and kinetic parameters, followed by analysis of the expression and localization of the protein in ram spermatozoa was performed. NHE activity showed an apparent Km for external Na+ of 17...
February 28, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Jane-Fang Yu, Yu-Hua Lai, Tse-En Wang, Yu-Syuan Wei, Yu-Jia Chang, Sheng-Hsiang Li, Shih-Chien Chin, Radhika Joshi, Hui-Wen Chang, Pei-Shiue Tsai
BACKGROUND: Semen from the chimpanzee species becomes a colloidal solid after ejaculation. The formation of this copulatory plug is believed to prevent additional spermatozoa of subsequent mating events from accessing the ova. However, this naturally preserved strategy hampers the processes for sperm preparation. In this study, we investigated whether collagenase can be used to degelify the semen plug and accelerate the semen liquefaction process in zoo captive chimpanzee species (Pan troglodytes)...
February 27, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Mariana Weigel Muñoz, A María Battistone, Guillermo Carvajal, Julieta A Maldera, Ludmila Curci, Pablo Torres, Daniel Lombardo, Omar P Pignataro, Vanina G Da Ros, Patricia S Cuasnicu
Epididymal sperm protein CRISP1 has the ability to both regulate murine CatSper, a key sperm calcium channel, and interact with egg-binding sites during fertilization. In spite of its relevance for sperm function, Crisp1-/- mice are fertile. Considering that phenotypes can be influenced by the genetic background, in the present work mice from the original mixed Crisp1-/- colony (129/SvEv*C57BL/6) were backcrossed onto the C57BL/6 strain for subsequent analysis of their reproductive phenotype. Whereas fertility and fertilization rates of C57BL/6 Crisp1-/- males did not differ from those reported for mice from the mixed background, several sperm functional parameters were clearly affected by the genetic background...
February 22, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
P Sutovsky
Fertilization is an intricate cascade of events that irreversibly alter the participating male and female gamete and ultimately lead to the union of paternal and maternal genomes in the zygote. Fertilization starts with sperm capacitation within the oviductal sperm reservoir, followed by gamete recognition, sperm-zona pellucida interactions and sperm-oolemma adhesion and fusion, followed by sperm incorporation, oocyte activation, pronuclear development and embryo cleavage. At fertilization, bull spermatozoon loses its acrosome and plasma membrane components and contributes chromosomes, centriole, perinuclear theca proteins and regulatory RNAs to the zygote...
February 26, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Z Bravo, M Valdivia
The follicular fluid exerts an effect on the sperm capacitation of several species; however, these effects vary according to species, both in the sperm motility and in the subsequent acrosome reaction. In this study, the effect of alpaca follicular fluid (aFF) on the motility and acrosome reaction of alpaca spermatozoa was observed, using follicular fluid of three follicle sizes: small (<3 mm), medium (3-6 mm) and large (>6 mm), in a concentration of 30%. Sperm motility at the first hour of incubation with aFF of small follicles was 48...
February 22, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Masaru Okabe
Fifty years have passed since the findings of capacitation and acrosome reaction. These discoveries and the extensive effort of researchers led to the success of in vitro fertilization (IVF), which has become a top choice for patients at infertility clinics today. The effort to understand the mechanism of fertilization is ongoing, but the small number of eggs and similarly small quantity of spermatozoa continue to hinder biochemical experiments. The emergence of transgenic animals and gene disruption techniques have had a significant effect on fertilization research...
February 15, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Isiaka Abdullateef Alagbonsi, Luqman Aribidesi Olayaki
The use of Cannabis sativa (CS) has been widely demonstrated to have detrimental effect on male reproductive functions. Despite the well-known existence of endocannabinoid and melatonergic systems in semen, the physiological significance of their interaction is not understood. We recently showed that melatonin exacerbates the CS-induced gonadotoxicity in-vivo. To overcome the limitations associated with our in-vivo studies and further understand the role of cannabinoid-melatonin relationship in sperm functions, this study investigated the in-vitro effect of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and/or melatonin on motility and kinematics of capacitating rat sperms...
February 14, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
Yuki Katoh, Michiko Tamba, Manabu Matsuda, Kazuhiro Kikuchi, Naomichi Okamura
In order to understand the molecular mechanisms involved in the sperm capacitation, we have identified the proteins tyrosine-phosphorylated during the capacitation especially in conjunction with the regulation of the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in sperm. In the present study, the effects of the tyrosine phosphorylation of cytosolic NADP + -dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDPc) on its catalytic activity and on the levels of ROS in sperm have been studied. The tyrosine phosphorylated IDPc showed a significantly lowered enzymatic activity...
February 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
I Ahmed, S Abdelateef, M Laqqan, H Amor, M A Abdel-Lah, M E Hammadeh
The purpose of this study was to determine influence of extended incubation time on sperm chromatin condensation and DNA strand breaks and their effect on fertilisation rate. Forty couples undergoing ICSI therapy were included. Semen was prepared by PureSperm gradient centrifugation and divided into two parts. The first part (G1) was used immediately for ICSI, whereas the second part (G2) was kept in the incubator at 37°C, 5% and 90% Humidity for 5 hr, and thereafter, the capacitated spermatozoa were used for ICSI...
February 14, 2018: Andrologia
Archana Srivastav, Bendangla Changkija, Kunal Sharan, Geet Kumar Nagar, Falgun Wanganuji Bansode
Calcium (Ca2+) signaling is critical for successful fertilization. In spermatozoa, capacitation, hyperactivation of motility and the acrosome reaction are all mediated by increases in intracellular Ca2 + through CatSper (sperm specific cation channel). The CatSper channel complex contains four pore forming α subunits (CatSper1-4 ) and five accessory subunits called β, δ, ε, γ and ζ . Genetic deletion of any of the four CatSper genes in mice results in loss of hyperactivated motility and male infertility...
February 6, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Mata-Martínez Esperanza, Darszon Alberto, Treviño Claudia L
During transit through the female reproductive tract, sperm encounter metabolites and environmental conditions that modulate various processes leading to fertilization. Intracellular Ca2+ dynamics regulate the acrosome reaction (AR), which involves exocytosis of the acrosomal granule, a prerequisite for successful fertilization. We explored the ability of progesterone, prostanglandin-E1, and GABA to induce Ca2+ mobilization and AR in single human spermatozoa capacitated under external pH (pHe) conditions found in different regions of the female reproductive tract (pHe 6...
February 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Zhang-Dong Xie, Yi-Min Guo, Mei-Juan Ren, Jichun Yang, Shao-Fang Wang, Tong-Hui Xu, Li-Ming Chen, Ying Liu
Uterine fluid contains a high concentration of [Formula: see text] which plays an essential role in sperm capacitation and fertilization. In addition, the [Formula: see text] concentration in uterine fluid changes periodically during the estrous cycle. It is well-known that the endometrial epithelium contains machineries involving the apical SLC26 family anion exchangers for secreting [Formula: see text] into the uterine fluid. In the present study, we find for the first time that the electroneutral Na+/[Formula: see text] cotransporter NBCn1 is expressed at the apical membrane of the endometrial epithelium...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Taylor Pini, Simon P de Graaf, Xavier Druart, Guillaume Tsikis, Valerie Labas, Ana Paula Teixeira-Gomes, Barend M Gadella, Tamara Leahy
Binder of Sperm Proteins (BSPs) are the most abundant seminal plasma protein family in the ram and bull. They have been extensively studied in the bull but less is known about their function in ovine seminal plasma and current knowledge suggests BSPs may have different effects in these two species. In the bull they facilitate capacitation and destabilize the sperm membrane during in vitro handling, whereas in the ram, they appear to stabilize the sperm membrane and prevent cryopreservation induced capacitation-like changes...
February 5, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Mario Binelli, Angela Maria Gonella-Diaza, Fernando Silveira Mesquita, Claudia Maria Bertan Membrive
In cattle, the oviduct is a tubular organ that connects the ovary and the uterus. The oviduct lumen stages a dynamic set of cellular and molecular interactions to fulfill the noble role of generating a new individual. Specific anatomical niches along the oviduct lumen provide the appropriate microenvironment for final sperm capacitation, oocyte capture and fertilization, and early embryo development and transport. To accomplish such complex tasks, the oviduct undergoes spatially and temporally-regulated morphological, biochemical, and physiological changes that are associated with endocrine events of the estrous cycle...
February 2, 2018: Biology
C Simon, D W Greening, D Bolumar, N Balaguer, L A Salamonsen, F Vilella
Extensive evidence suggests that the release of membrane enclosed compartments, more commonly known as extracellular vesicles (EVs), is a potent newly identified mechanism of cell-to-cell communication both in normal physiology and in pathological conditions. This article specifically reviews evidence about the formation and release of different EVs, their definitive markers and cargo content in reproductive physiological processes, and their capacity to convey information between cells through the transfer of functional protein and genetic information to alter phenotype and function of recipient cells associated with reproductive biology...
January 30, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
Robert Kuo-Kuang Lee, Huan-Chin Tseng, Yuh-Ming Hwu, Chi-Chen Fan, Ming-Huei Lin, Jhih-Jie Yu, Ling-Yu Yeh, Sheng-Hsiang Li
BACKGROUND: Cystatin C (CST3), a cysteine protease inhibitor in seminal plasma, is expressed in animal uteri. However, its expression in the human female reproductive tract and its effect on human sperm capacitation are unclear. METHODS: The cellular localization of CST3 was observed using immunohistochemistry. The binding of CST3 to sperm was examined using immunocytochemistry. Sperm motility parameters were analyzed using computer-assisted sperm analysis. Sperm capacitation was evaluated by analyzing cholesterol content, protein tyrosine phosphorylation levels, and the acrosome reaction...
January 30, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
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