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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351587/heat-exposure-induces-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-the-male-germ-line
#1
Brendan J Houston, Brett Nixon, Jacinta H Martin, Geoffry N D E Iuliis, Elizabeth G Bromfield, Kristen E McEwen, R John Aitkena
The reproductive consequences of global warming are not currently understood. In order to address this issue we have examined the reproductive consequences of exposing male mice to a mild heat stress. For this purpose, adult male mice were exposed to an elevated ambient temperature of 35°C under two exposure models. The first involved acute exposure for 24 hours, followed by recovery periods of between 1 day and 6 weeks. The alternative heating regimen involved a daily exposure of 8 hours for periods of 1 or 2 weeks...
January 17, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315686/effect-of-metabolic-and-antioxidant-supplementation-on-sperm-parameters-in-oligo-astheno-teratozoospermia-with-and-without-varicocele-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#2
G M Busetto, A Agarwal, A Virmani, G Antonini, G Ragonesi, F Del Giudice, S Micic, V Gentile, E De Berardinis
Since sperm require high energy levels to perform their specialised function, it is vital that essential nutrients are available for spermatozoa when they develop, capacitate and acquire motility. However, they are vulnerable to a lack of energy and excess amounts of reactive oxygen species, which can impair sperm function, lead to immotility, acrosomal reaction impairment, DNA fragmentation and cell death. This monocentric, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial investigated the effect of 6 months of supplementation with l-carnitine, acetyl-l-carnitine and other micronutrients on sperm quality in 104 subjects with oligo- and/or astheno- and/or teratozoospermia with or without varicocele...
January 7, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277315/incubation-of-spermatozoa-with-anandamide-prior-to-cryopreservation-reduces-cryocapacitation-and-improves-post-thaw-sperm-quality-in-the-water-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#3
Puneeth Kumar, Tushar Kumar Mohanty, Arumugam Kumaresan, Pradeep Nag, Kaustubh Kishor Saraf, Vimlesh Kumar, Sreela Lathika, Samiksha Nayak, Mukesh Bhakat
Anandamide (AEA), an endocannabinoid, has been shown to reduce capacitation and acrosomal exocytosis in human spermatozoa. Because buffalo spermatozoa are highly susceptible to cryopreservation induced damage, AEA was assessed as to whether it could protect spermatozoa from cryo-damage. Six ejaculates from six Murrah buffalo bulls (total 36 ejaculates) were utilized for the study. Each ejaculate was divided into four aliquots; spermatozoa in Aliquot 1 were extended in Tris-Citrate-Egg Yolk and frozen as per the standard protocol...
December 21, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277068/biological-effects-of-polyphenol-rich-extract-and-fractions-from-an-oenological-oak-derived-tannin-on-in%C3%A2-vitro-swine-sperm-capacitation-and-fertilizing-ability
#4
Marcella Spinaci, Vera Muccilli, Diego Bucci, Nunzio Cardullo, Beatrice Gadani, Corrado Tringali, Carlo Tamanini, Giovanna Galeati
Although excessive ROS levels induce sperm damage, sperm capacitation is an oxidative event that requires low amounts of ROS. As the antioxidant activity of the ethanol extract (TRE) of a commercial oenological tannin (Quercus robur toasted oak wood, Tan'Activ R®) and its four fractions (FA, FB, FC, FD) has been recently reported, the present study was set up to investigate the biological effects of TRE and its fractions in an in vitro model of sperm capacitation and fertilization. Boar sperm capacitation or gamete coincubation were performed in presence of TRE or its fractions (0, 1, 10, 100 μg/ml)...
December 14, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276208/the-prostaglandin-e2-receptor-ptger2-and-prostaglandin-f2%C3%AE-receptor-ptgfr-mediate-oviductal-glycoprotein-1-expression-in-bovine-oviductal-epithelial-cells
#5
Nan Zhang, Wei Mao, Ying Zhang, Na Huang, Bo Liu, Long Gao, Shuangyi Zhang, Jinshan Cao
Oviductal glycoprotein 1 (OVGP1), an oviductin, is involved in the maintenance of sperm viability and motility and contributes to sperm capacitation in the oviduct. In this study, the regulatory effects exerted by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and F2α (PGF2α) on OVGP1 expression via their corresponding receptors in bovine oviductal epithelial cells (BOECs) were investigated. BOECs were cultured in vitro, and their expression of receptors of PGE2 (PTGER1, PTGER2, PTGER3, and PTGER4) and PGF2α (PTGFR) was measured using RT-qPCR...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273916/characterization-of-ecto-nucleotidases-in-human-oviducts-with-an-improved-approach-simultaneously-identifying-protein-expression-and-in-situ-enzyme-activity
#6
María Lina Villamonte, Benjamín Torrejón-Escribano, Aitor Rodríguez-Martínez, Carla Trapero, August Vidal, Inmaculada Gómez de Aranda, Jean Sévigny, Xavier Matías-Guiu, Mireia Martín-Satué
Extracellular ATP and its hydrolysis product adenosine modulate various reproductive functions such as those taking place in oviducts, including contraction, beating of cilia, and maintenance of fluid composition that, in turn, influences sperm capacitation and hyperactivation, as well as oocyte and embryo nourishing. Ecto-nucleotidases are the enzymes that regulate extracellular ATP and adenosine levels, thus playing a role in reproduction. We have optimized a convenient method for characterizing ecto-nucleotidases that simultaneously localizes the protein and its associated enzyme activity in the same tissue slice and characterizes ecto-nucleotidases in human oviducts...
December 22, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259460/possible-ability-of-bovine-follicular-fluid-to-attract-migrating-bull-spermatozoa
#7
Md Anisuzzaman Mondal, Yuji Takagi, Shoji A Baba, Koh-Ichi Hamano
Aim: To examine the potential of bovine follicular fluid (BFF) to attract bull spermatozoa. Methods: The ability of the BFF to attract bull sperm was evaluated by observing changes in sperm migration after being placed in a cross-column chamber. The movement parameters of the heads and flagella of the sperm that were attracted to the BFF were analyzed by using the Computer Assisted Sperm Analysis system. Results: It was observed that 61.6% of the bull sperm migrated toward the BFF when the BFF was used at a concentration of 0...
April 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259456/protein-biomarkers-for-male-artificial-insemination-subfertility-in-bovine-spermatozoa
#8
REVIEW
Hiroshi Harayama, Kenta Minami, Kazumi Kishida, Taichi Noda
Background: Although artificial insemination (AI) technique is an established biotechnology for bovine reproduction, the results of AI (conception rates) have a tendency to decline gradually. To our annoyance, moreover, AI-subfertile bulls have been occasionally found in the AI centers. To resolve these serious problems, it is necessary to control the sperm quality more strictly by the examinations of sperm molecules. Methods: We reviewed a number of recent articles regarding potentials of bovine sperm proteins as the biomarkers for bull AI-subfertility and also showed our unpublished supplemental data on the bull AI-subfertility associated proteins...
April 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248843/modulation-of-voltage-gated-sodium-channels-induces-capacitation-in-bull-spermatozoa-through-phosphorylation-of-tyrosine-containing-proteins
#9
Dharmendra Singh Chauhan, Dilip Kumar Swain, Nadeem Shah, Hanuman Prasad Yadav, Abhishek Sharma, Brijesh Yadav, Sarvajeet Yadav, Rajesh Nigam, Satish Kumar Garg
In our previous study, we have reported the molecular presence of Nav 1.8 in bull spermatozoa and its potential involvement in regulation of sperm functions. With the selective blocking of Nav 1.8 using A-803467, alterations in sperm functions were observed, therefore, we envisaged of investigating the involvement of Nav in regulating sperm function and the mechanism(s) involved in it using veratridine, a selective opener of Nav channels. Forty ejaculates were collected from four Hariana bulls and semen samples were pooled in view of the non-significant variations between the different ejaculates...
November 27, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215052/peroxiredoxin-activity-is-a-major-landmark-of-male-fertility
#10
Do-Yeal Ryu, Ki-Uk Kim, Woo-Sung Kwon, Md Saidur Rahman, Amena Khatun, Myung-Geol Pang
Peroxiredoxins (PRDXs) are important antioxidant enzymes reported to have a role in sperm function and male fertility. However, how PRDXs affects male fertility remain fundamental unanswered questions. We therefore sought to investigate the role of these enzymes in sperm function and fertilisation. In this in vitro trial, mouse spermatozoa were incubated with different concentrations of conoidin A (1, 10, or 100 µM), a specific inhibitor of PRDXs. Our results demonstrated that inhibition of PRDXs by conoidin A significantly decreased the oxidized form of peroxiredoxins (PRDXs-SO3) in spermatozoa...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186618/semi-automatized-segmentation-method-using-image-based-flow-cytometry-to-study-sperm-physiology-the-case-of-capacitation-induced-tyrosine-phosphorylation
#11
Arturo Matamoros-Volante, Ayelen Moreno-Irusta, Paulina Torres-Rodriguez, Laura Giojalas, María G Gervasi, Pablo E Visconti, Claudia L Treviño
STUDY QUESTION: Is image-based flow cytometry a useful tool to study intracellular events in human sperm such as protein tyrosine phosphorylation or signaling processes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Image-based flow cytometry is a powerful tool to study intracellular events in a relevant number of sperm cells, which enables a robust statistical analysis providing spatial resolution in terms of the specific subcellular localization of the labeling. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Sperm capacitation is required for fertilization...
November 25, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170007/capacitation-in-plant-and-animal-fertilization
#12
REVIEW
Subramanian Sankaranarayanan, Tetsuya Higashiyama
Sexual reproduction relies on the successful fusion of the sperm and egg cell. Despite the vast differences between plants and animals, there are similarities at a molecular level between plant and animal reproduction. While the molecular basis of fertilization has been extensively studied in plants, the process of capacitation has received little attention until recently. Recent research has started to uncover the molecular basis of plant capacitation. Furthermore, recent studies suggest that the key molecules in plants and animal fertilization are functionally conserved...
November 20, 2017: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153167/a-100-year-review-reproductive-technologies-in-dairy-science
#13
S G Moore, J F Hasler
Reproductive technology revolutionized dairy production during the past century. Artificial insemination was first successfully applied to cattle in the early 1900s. The next major developments involved semen extenders, invention of the electroejaculator, progeny testing, addition of antibiotics to semen during the 1930s and 1940s, and the major discovery of sperm cryopreservation with glycerol in 1949. The 1950s and 1960s were particularly productive with the development of protocols for the superovulation of cattle with both pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin/equine chorionic gonadotrophin and FSH, the first successful bovine embryo transfer, the discovery of sperm capacitation, the birth of rabbits after in vitro fertilization, and the development of insulated liquid nitrogen tanks...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141997/crispr-cas9-mediated-genome-editing-reveals-the-synergistic-effects-of-%C3%AE-defensin-family-members-on-sperm-maturation-in-rat-epididymis
#14
Chaobao Zhang, Yuchuan Zhou, Shengsong Xie, Qianqian Yin, Chunhua Tang, Zimei Ni, Jian Fei, Yonglian Zhang
The epididymis is a male reproductive organ involved in posttesticular sperm maturation and storage, but the mechanism underlying sperm maturation remains unclear. β-Defensins (Defbs) belong to a family of small, cysteine-rich, cationic peptides that are antimicrobial and modulate the immune response. A large number of Defb genes are expressed abundantly in the male reproductive tract, especially in the epididymis. We and other groups have shown the involvement of several Defb genes in regulation of sperm function...
November 15, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135027/acrosomal-alkalization-triggers-ca-2-release-and-acrosome-reaction-in-mammalian-spermatozoa
#15
EDITORIAL
Julio C Chávez, José L De la Vega-Beltrán, Omar José, Paulina Torres, Takuya Nishigaki, Claudia L Treviño, Alberto Darszon
The sperm acrosome reaction (AR), an essential event for mammalian fertilization, involves Ca(2+) permeability changes leading to exocytosis of the acrosomal vesicle. The acrosome, an intracellular Ca(2+) store whose luminal pH is acidic, contains hydrolytic enzymes. It is known that acrosomal pH (pHacr ) increases during capacitation and this correlates with spontaneous AR. Some AR inducers increase intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+) ]i ) through Ca(2+) release from internal stores, mainly the acrosome...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126179/dimethyl-sulfoxide-and-quercetin-prolong-the-survival-motility-and-fertility-of-cold-stored-mouse-sperm-for-10-days
#16
Hidetaka Yoshimoto, Toru Takeo, Naomi Nakagata
Technology for preserving sperm is useful for disseminating valuable male genetic traits. Cold storage is suitable for easily transporting sperm as an alternative to the shipment of live animals. However, there is a technical limitation in that the fertility of cold-stored sperm declines within 3 days. To overcome this problem, we examined the protective effects of quercetin and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). DMSO and quercetin maintained the fertility and motility of cold-stored sperm for 10 days. In addition, quercetin attenuated the reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential of cold-stored sperm during sperm preincubation, allowing the induction of capacitation, and it localized to the midpiece of sperm...
November 8, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113834/aflatoxin-b1-impairs-sperm-quality-and-fertilization-competence
#17
A Komsky-Elbaz, M Saktsier, Z Roth
Aflatoxins are poisonous byproducts of the soilborne fungus Aspergillus, involved in the decomposition of plant materials. Aflatoxins can be found in various food products, such as maize, sorghum, millet, rice and wheat. AFB1 is the most toxic of these, classified as a carcinogen and mutagen for both humans and animals. AFB1 has been detected in human cord blood and placenta; however, its toxic effect on sperm is less known. The current study examines sperm responses associated with AFB1 exposure. These included acrosome integrity and function, mitochondrial polarity, DNA fragmentation, fertilization competence and early embryonic development...
January 15, 2018: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113727/effect-of-single-layer-centrifugation-porcicoll-70-80-and-90-or-supplementation-with-reduced-glutathione-seminal-plasma-and-bovine-serum-albumin-on-frozen-thawed-boar-sperm
#18
I Crespo-Félez, A Castañeda-Sampedro, D I Sánchez, E Fernández-Alegre, M Álvarez-Rodríguez, J C Domínguez, J M Morrell, F Martínez-Pastor
Selecting the optimal sperm population is essential for success with reproductive techniques. Porcicoll (formerly Androcoll-P) is a colloid formulation for selection of high-quality boar spermatozoa by single layer centrifugation (SLC). To date, most studies have been carried out with fresh semen and large volumes. We carried out 2 experiments to test the use of Porcicoll for thawed boar semen in small volumes. In Experiment 1, cryopreserved semen doses were thawed, split in 200-μL aliquots and layered on 1mL of Porcicoll 70%, 80% or 90%, or buffer without colloid...
November 4, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102633/actin-cytoskeleton-and-sperm-function
#19
Haim Breitbart, Maya Finkelstein
For the acquisition of the ability to fertilize the egg, mammalian spermatozoa should undergo a series of biochemical transformations in the female reproductive tract, collectively called capacitation. The capacitated sperm can undergo the acrosomal exocytosis process near or on the oocyte, which allows the spermatozoon to penetrate and fertilize it. One of the main processes in capacitation involves dynamic cytoskeletal remodeling particularly of actin. Actin polymerization occurs during sperm capacitation and the produced F-actin should be depolymerized prior to the acrosomal exocytosis...
November 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097063/expression-and-localization-of-polypeptide-n-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-like-protein-5-in-the-reproductive-organs-and-sperm-of-hu-sheep
#20
Xiaolei Yao, M A Ei-Samahy, Xu Feng, Tinging Zhang, Fengzhe Li, Guomin Zhang, Jing Pang, Haitao Nie, Feng Wang
The polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-like protein 5 (GALNTL5) is involved in male fertility; however, its involvement in the reproduction and fertility of females remains unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the presence of GALNTL5 in the reproductive organs of ewes during the estrus period and to investigate its expression in cauda epididymal and ejaculated sperm. Results showed that GALNTL5 mRNA and protein were present in some reproductive organs of ewes during the estrus period...
October 27, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
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