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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329929/-influence-of-extreme-weather-on-years-of-life-lost-due-to-diabetes-death-in-chongqing-and-harbin-china
#1
Y H Li, S Q Luo, L Lan, M G Jin, C Yang, J Y He, H B Li, C C Li, Y B Cheng, Y L Jin
Objective: To understand the associations between extremely low and high air temperature and the years of life lost (YLL) due to diabetes deaths in Chongqing and Harbin with different climatic characteristics in China. Methods: A double threshold B-spline distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was used to investigate the lag and cumulative effects of extremely low and high air temperature on YLL due to diabetes for lag 0-30 days by using the urban meteorological and diabetes mortality data of Chongqing (2011-2013) and Harbin (2008-2010)...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329928/-acute-effect-of-air-pollutants-carbon-monoxide-and-ozone-on-myocardial-infarction-mortality-in-ningbo
#2
X J Qian, G X Li, T F He, H Li, J Huang, G Z Xu, X B Guo, L Li
Objective: To explore the effect of carbon monoxide (CO) and ozone (O(3)) in the air on the myocardial infarction mortality in Ningbo, Zhejiang province, from 2011 to 2015. Methods: The data of daily air quality surveillance and the causes of deaths in Ningbo from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2015 were collected and the time series study using a generalized additive model was conducted to evaluate the relationship between the mortality of myocardial infarction and the air pollutants after adjustment for the long-term trend of death, weather conditions," days of the week" and other confounding factors...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329628/attitudes-and-predictors-of-sunless-tanning-in-a-sample-of-young-adults
#3
Chelsea Anderson, Brenda Cartmel, Susan T Mayne, Leah M Ferrucci
Given the popularity of a tan appearance, sunless tanning may play a role in skin cancer prevention as a substitute for ultraviolet (UV) tanning. Few studies have comprehensively assessed attitudes toward sunless tanning or predictors of use.Demographic, phenotypic, and lifestyle characteristics were ascertained during in-person interviews of 385 non-Hispanic whites (<age 40) who were controls in a case-control study of early-onset basal cell carcinoma. Attitudes toward sunless tanning were queried via self- administered questionnaire...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328044/characterization-of-dissolved-and-particulate-phases-of-water-accommodated-fractions-used-to-conduct-aquatic-toxicity-testing-in-support-of-the-deepwater-horizon-natural-resource-damage-assessment
#4
Heather P Forth, Carys L Mitchelmore, Jeffrey M Morris, Claire R Lay, Joshua Lipton
In response to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill, the Natural Resource Trustees implemented a toxicity testing program that included four different DWH oils that ranged from fresh to weathered, and three different oil-in-water preparation methods (including one that used the chemical dispersant Corexit 9500) to prepare a total of 12 chemically unique water accommodated fractions (WAFs). We determined how the different WAF preparation methods, WAF concentrations, and oil types influenced the chemical composition and concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the dissolved and particulate phases over time periods used in standard toxicity tests...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327111/temporal-distribution-of-gastroenteritis-viruses-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso-seasonality-of-rotavirus
#5
Nafissatou Ouedraogo, Stephanie Moustapha Tomba Ngangas, Isidore Juste Ouindguèta Bonkoungou, Aissatou Bénéwendé Tiendrebeogo, Kuan Abdoulaye Traore, Idrissa Sanou, Alfred Sababénédjo Traore, Nicolas Barro
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis is one of the most common diseases among children and adults, and continues to cause a major problem of public health in Burkina Faso. The temporal pattern of rotavirus, norovirus, sapovirus, astrovirus, adenovirus and Aichivirus A was studied by examining prevalence of gastroenteritis viruses in association with meteorological variables in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. METHODS: Stool samples from 263 children under 5 years of age and 170 older children patients, adolescent and adults with gastroenteritis were collected in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso from November 2011 to September 2012...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325893/a-robust-empirical-seasonal-prediction-of-winter-nao-and-surface-climate
#6
L Wang, M Ting, P J Kushner
A key determinant of winter weather and climate in Europe and North America is the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the dominant mode of atmospheric variability in the Atlantic domain. Skilful seasonal forecasting of the surface climate in both Europe and North America is reflected largely in how accurately models can predict the NAO. Most dynamical models, however, have limited skill in seasonal forecasts of the winter NAO. A new empirical model is proposed for the seasonal forecast of the winter NAO that exhibits higher skill than current dynamical models...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325842/surface-changes-on-comet-67p-churyumov-gerasimenko-suggest-a-more-active-past
#7
M Ramy El-Maarry, O Groussin, N Thomas, M Pajola, A-T Auger, B Davidsson, X Hu, S F Hviid, J Knollenberg, C Güttler, C Tubiana, S Fornasier, C Feller, P Hasselmann, J-B Vincent, H Sierks, C Barbieri, P Lamy, R Rodrigo, D Koschny, H U Keller, H Rickman, M F A'Hearn, M A Barucci, J-L Bertaux, I Bertini, S Besse, D Bodewits, G Cremonese, V Da Deppo, S Debei, M De Cecco, J Deller, J D P Deshapriya, M Fulle, P J Gutierrez, M Hofmann, W-H Ip, L Jorda, G Kovacs, J-R Kramm, E Kührt, M Küppers, L M Lara, M Lazzarin, Z-Yi Lin, J J Lopez Moreno, S Marchi, F Marzari, S Mottola, G Naletto, N Oklay, A Pommerol, F Preusker, F Scholten, X Shi
The Rosetta spacecraft spent ~2 years orbiting comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, most of it at distances that allowed surface characterization and monitoring at submeter scales. From December 2014 to June 2016, numerous localized changes were observed, which we attribute to cometary-specific weathering, erosion, and transient events driven by exposure to sunlight and other processes. While the localized changes suggest compositional or physical heterogeneity, their scale has not resulted in substantial alterations to the comet's landscape...
March 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325534/association-between-meteorological-factors-and-hepatitis-a-in-spain-2010-2014
#8
Pedro Gullón, Carmen Varela, Elena Vanessa Martínez, Diana Gómez-Barroso
BACKGROUND: There is growing concern of how climate change could affect public health, due to the increase number of extreme climate events. Hence, the study of the role that climate events play on the distribution of waterborne diseases, like Hepatitis A, could be key for developing new prevention approaches. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between climate factors and Hepatitis A in Spain between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: Weekly Hepatitis A cases between 2010 and 2014 were obtained from the Spanish Epidemiology Surveillance Network...
March 18, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324625/space-weather-introducing-a-survey-paper-and-a-recent-executive-order
#9
D Warner North
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324252/spatial-interpolation-methods-and-geostatistics-for-mapping%C3%A2-groundwater-contamination-in-a-coastal-area
#10
Vetrimurugan Elumalai, K Brindha, Bongani Sithole, Elango Lakshmanan
Mapping groundwater contaminants and identifying the sources are the initial steps in pollution control and mitigation. Due to the availability of different mapping methods and the large number of emerging pollutants, these methods need to be used together in decision making. The present study aims to map the contaminated areas in Richards Bay, South Africa and compare the results of ordinary kriging (OK) and inverse distance weighted (IDW) interpolation techniques. Statistical methods were also used for identifying contamination sources...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324179/interactions-of-phosphate-solubilising-microorganisms-with-natural-rare-earth-phosphate-minerals-a-study-utilizing-western-australian-monazite
#11
Melissa K Corbett, Jacques J Eksteen, Xi-Zhi Niu, Jean-Philippe Croue, Elizabeth L J Watkin
Many microbial species are capable of solubilising insoluble forms of phosphate and are used in agriculture to improve plant growth. In this study, we apply the use of known phosphate solubilising microbes (PSM) to the release of rare-earth elements (REE) from the rare-earth phosphate mineral, monazite. Two sources of monazite were used, a weathered monazite and mineral sand monazite, both from Western Australia. When incubated with PSM, the REE were preferentially released into the leachate. Penicillum sp...
March 21, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320341/seasonal-patterns-of-dengue-fever-and-associated-climate-factors-in-4-provinces-in-vietnam-from-1994-to-2013
#12
Hu Suk Lee, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Vu Sinh Nam, Mihye Lee, Sungho Won, Phuc Pham Duc, Delia Grace
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, dengue fever (DF) is still a leading cause of hospitalization. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the seasonality and association with climate factors (temperature and precipitation) on the incidences of DF in four provinces where the highest incidence rates were observed from 1994 to 2013 in Vietnam. METHODS: Incidence rates (per 100,000) were calculated on a monthly basis from during the study period. The seasonal-decomposition procedure based on loess (STL) was used in order to assess the trend and seasonality of DF...
March 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319718/effect-of-environmental-exposure-on-charcoal-density-and-porosity-in-a-boreal-forest
#13
Xiaodong Gao, Laura E Driver, Isabella Kasin, Caroline A Masiello, Lacey A Pyle, Brandon Dugan, Mikael Ohlson
Although charcoal's density and porosity shape its environmental roles (e.g. controlling its landscape movement and determining the internal pore space available as microbial habitat), the rate of change of these properties in the environment remains largely unknown. With time, charcoal pores may fill or charcoal particles may shatter, altering the ecosystem services delivered. In this study we examined the effects of environmental exposure on the density and porosity of charcoals pyrolyzed at two different temperatures (350 and 520°C)...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319183/an-integrated-analysis-of-micro-and-macro-habitat-features-as-a-tool-to-detect-weather-driven-constraints-a-case-study-with-cavity-nesters
#14
D Campobello, J Lindström, R Di Maggio, M Sarà
The effects of climate change on animal populations may be shaped by habitat characteristics at both micro- and macro-habitat level, however, empirical studies integrating these two scales of observation are lacking. As analyses of the effects of climate change commonly rely on data from a much larger scale than the microhabitat level organisms are affected at, this mismatch risks hampering progress in developing understanding of the details of the ecological and evolutionary responses of organisms and, ultimately, effective actions to preserve their populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318957/oceanic-meteorological-conditions-influence-incidence-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#15
Thierry Patrice, Bertrand Rozec, Hubert Desal, Yvonnick Blanloeil
OBJECTIVE: Publications concerning the weather pattern of occurrence of the subarachnoid hemorrhage have produced controversial results. We chose to study subarachnoid hemorrhage occurring in oceanic climate with deep variations focusing on partial oxygen volume (pO2) and patient history. METHODS: Seventy-one patients had been successively recruited from a single center 45 km from the Atlantic shore. Climate conditions had been analyzed from 72 hours before subarachnoid hemorrhage to 24 hours after...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318794/ethylenediaminedisuccinic-acid-edds-enhances-phytoextraction-of-lead-by-vetiver-grass-from-contaminated-residential-soils-in-a-panel-study-in-the-field
#16
Ramesh Attinti, Kirk R Barrett, Rupali Datta, Dibyendu Sarkar
Phytoextraction is a green remediation technology for cleaning contaminated soils. Application of chelating agents increases metal solubility and enhances phytoextraction. Following a successful greenhouse experiment, a panel study under field weather elucidated the efficiency of the chelating agent ethylenediaminedisuccinic acid (EDDS) on phytoextraction of lead (Pb) by vetiver grass, a hyperaccumulator of Pb, and a nonaccumulator fescue grass from residential soils contaminated with Pb-based paint from Baltimore, MD and San Antonio, TX...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317843/winter-temperatures-limit-population-growth-rate-of-a-migratory-songbird
#17
Bradley K Woodworth, Nathaniel T Wheelwright, Amy E Newman, Michael Schaub, D Ryan Norris
Understanding the factors that limit and regulate wildlife populations requires insight into demographic and environmental processes acting throughout the annual cycle. Here, we combine multi-year tracking data of individual birds with a 26-year demographic study of a migratory songbird to evaluate the relative effects of density and weather at the breeding and wintering grounds on population growth rate. Our results reveal clear support for opposing forces of winter temperature and breeding density driving population dynamics...
March 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317479/climate-changes-and-human-health-a-review-of-the-effect-of-environmental-stressors-on-cardiovascular-diseases-across-epidemiology-and-biological-mechanisms
#18
Paolo Giorgini, Paolo Di Giosia, Marco Petrarca, Francesco Lattanzio, Cosimo Andrea Stamerra, Claudio Ferri
BACKGROUND: Climate change is rapidly affecting all the regions of our planet. The most relevant example is global warming, which impacts on the earth's ecosystems, threatening human health. Other effects include extreme variations in temperature and increases in air pollution. These events may negatively impact mortality and morbidity for cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: In this review, we discuss the main effects of climate changes on cardiovascular diseases, reporting the epidemiological evidences and the biological mechanisms linking climate change consequences to hypertension, diabetes, ischemic heart diseases, heart failure and stroke...
March 17, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317232/soil-parent-material-a-major-driver-of-plant-nutrient-limitations-in-terrestrial-ecosystems
#19
Laurent Augusto, David L Achat, Mathieu Jonard, David Vidal, Bruno Ringeval
Because the capability of terrestrial ecosystems to fix carbon is constrained by nutrient availability, understanding how nutrients limit plant growth is a key contemporary question. However, what drives nutrient limitations at global scale remains to be clarified. Using global data on plant growth, plant nutritive status, and soil fertility, we investigated to which extent soil parent materials explain nutrient limitations. We found that N limitation was not linked to soil parent materials, but was best explained by climate: ecosystems under harsh (i...
March 19, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317103/outside-the-envelope-rare-events-disrupt-the-relationship-between-climate-factors-and-species-interactions
#20
Katharine L Stuble, Emily Zefferman, Kristina Wolf, Kurt J Vaughn, Truman P Young
The order in which species arrive during community assembly can be an important driver of community composition and function. However, the strength of these priority effects can be variable, in part because of strong site and year effects. To understand how priority effects vary in importance with abiotic conditions, we initiated identical community assembly experiments in which we varied the timing of arrival of native and exotic grass species in each of four years across three grassland sites in northern California...
March 19, 2017: Ecology
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