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Substance-Related Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723949/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-other-mental-disorders-in-the-general-population-after-lorca-s-earthquakes-2011-murcia-spain-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Diego Salmerón, Gemma Vilagut, Mª José Tormo, Guadalupe Ruíz-Merino, Teresa Escámez, Javier Júdez, Salvador Martínez, Karestan C Koenen, Carmen Navarro, Jordi Alonso, Ronald C Kessler
AIMS: To describe the prevalence and severity of mental disorders and to examine differences in risk among those with and without a lifetime history prior to a moderate magnitude earthquake that took place in Lorca (Murcia, Spain) at roughly the mid-point (on May 11, 2011) of the time interval in which a regional epidemiological survey was already being carried out (June 2010 -May 2012). METHODS: The PEGASUS-Murcia project is a cross-sectional face-to-face interview survey of a representative sample of non-institutionalized adults in Murcia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723312/alcohol-marijuana-and-opioid-use-disorders-5-year-patterns-and-characteristics-of-emergency-department-encounters
#2
Amber L Bahorik, Derek D Satre, Andrea H Kline-Simon, Constance M Weisner, Kelly C Young-Wolff, Cynthia I Campbell
BACKGROUND: Changes in substance use patterns stemming from opioid misuse, ongoing drinking problems, and marijuana legalization may result in new populations of patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) using emergency department (ED) resources. This study examined ED admission trends in a large sample of patients with alcohol, marijuana, and opioid use disorder in an integrated health system. METHODS: In a retrospective design, electronic health record (EHR) data identified patients with ≥ 1 of three common SUDs in 2010 (n = 17,574; alcohol, marijuana, or opioid use disorder) and patients without SUD (n = 17,574)...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723266/age-of-initiation-psychopathology-and-other-substance-use-are-associated-with-time-to-use-disorder-diagnosis-in-persons-using-opioids-nonmedically
#3
Ty S Schepis, Jahn K Hakes
BACKGROUND: Nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) is an ongoing public health challenge, as NMUPO is associated with psychopathology, other drug use and fatal overdose. These concomitant risks are greatest in those with opioid use disorder (OUD), but the development of NMUPO-related use disorder is poorly understood. The primary aim of this study was to establish factors associated with the development of and time to OUD among persons engaged in NMUPO. METHODS: Data were from Wave 1 of the National Epidemiologic Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions, with 1,755 participants endorsing lifetime NMUPO...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723251/asi-profile-of-persons-who-re-enter-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders
#4
Hélène Simoneau, Serge Brochu
Despite a growing interest in persons with multiple treatment re-entries, few studies have defined their clinical profile. The aim of this study was to compare the severity profile of substance use disorder and related problems of persons who re-enter treatment to the profile of those who come in for treatment for the first time. A data bank containing 6,651 Addiction Severity Index (ASI) interviews from three rehabilitation centers was used for the analyses. All the ASI composite scores were significantly higher among persons who re-entered treatment than among those who came for the first time...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#5
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities and the evidence-base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardised training of healthcare providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, we undertook this study to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715077/age-and-gender-related-peculiarities-of-patients-with-delirium-in-the-cardiac-intensive-care-unit
#6
Pranas Serpytis, Petras Navickas, Alvydas Navickas, Rokas Serpytis, Giedrius Navickas, Sigita Glaveckaite
BACKGROUND: The overall evidence base regarding delirium has been growing steadily over the past few decades. There has been considerable analysis of delirium concerning, for example, mechanically ventilated patients, patients in the general intensive care unit (ICU) setting, and patients with exclusively postoperative delirium. Nevertheless, there are few studies regarding delirium in a cardiovascular ICU (ICCU) setting and especially scarce literature about the particular features of delirium relating to patient age and gender...
July 17, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714722/pilot-testing-the-daily-activities-list-for-inmates-dali-item-evaluation-and-content-validity
#7
Philip R Magaletta, Rokas Perskaudas, Christina J Connors, Marc W Patry, Jarrod Reisweber, Alix McLearen
Scheduling enjoyable daily activities is a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy intervention used in the treatment of depression and substance abuse disorders that are prevalent disorders among inmates. To effectively use this intervention with inmates, an activities list with items ecologically sensitive to the correctional setting needs to be created. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate items; thus, establishing a content valid Daily Activities List for Inmates (DALI). Fifteen corrections professionals representing a wide range of disciplines and managerial backgrounds served as subject matter experts (SMEs)...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714184/research-review-what-have-we-learned-about-adolescent-substance-use
#8
REVIEW
Kevin M Gray, Lindsay M Squeglia
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical biological, psychological, and social developmental stage involving heightened risk for substance use and associated adverse consequences. This review, synthesizing emerging findings on this complex topic, is intended to inform research and clinical care focused on adolescents. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using PubMed, yielding a cross-section of observational and interventional studies focused on adolescent substance use...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709080/the-relationship-between-the-upps-p-impulsive-personality-traits-and-substance-use-psychotherapy-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Alexandra R Hershberger, Miji Um, Melissa A Cyders
BACKGROUND: Although impulsive personality traits have been well implicated in substance use disorder (SUD) risk, little work has established how specific impulsive personality traits influence and are influenced by SUD psychotherapy outcomes. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to quantitatively review existing work to examine 1) how impulsive personality traits affect SUD psychotherapy outcomes and 2) reductions in impulsive personality traits during SUD psychotherapy. METHODS: Studies were identified by conducting a comprehensive review of the literature...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707609/the-role-of-diet-and-nutrition-on-mental-health-and-wellbeing
#10
Lauren Owen, Bernard Corfe
Mental, neurological and substance-use disorders presently represent the greatest global burden of disease. Likewise, depression and other psychopathologies are elevated risk comorbidities of other health hazards, such as obesity. Nutrition has been implicated in behaviour, mood and in the pathology and treatment of mental illness. In this brief editorial, we aim to set the scale of the problem in context and overview advances and recent evidence linking nutrition to psychological outcomes. The purpose of the 2016 Nutrition Society Winter Meeting, 'Diet, nutrition and mental health and wellbeing' was to review where the evidence is strong, where there are unmet needs for research and to draw together the communities working in this area to share their findings...
July 14, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707585/migraine-neurogenic-inflammation-drug-development-pharmacochemical-aspects
#11
Melinda Lukács, János Tajti, Ferenc Fülöp, József Toldi, Lars Edvinsson, László Vécsei
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a primary headache disorder. Despite numerous studies conducted with the aim to understand the pathophysiology of migraine, several aspects are still unclear. The trigeminovascular system plays a key role. Neurogenic inflammation is presumed to be an important factor in migraine pathophysiology, mediated by the activation of primary neurons, leading to the release of various pro-inflammatory neuropeptides and neurotransmitters such as Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)...
July 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705298/methamphetamine-related-disorders
#12
Euphrosyne Gouzoulis-Mayfrank, Roland Härtel-Petri, Willem Hamdorf, Ursula Havemann-Reinecke, Stephan Mühlig, Norbert Wodarz
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine is considered more dangerous than other stimulants because of its acute complications, long-term neurotoxicity, and potential for drug dependence. Until now, there have been no evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of methamphetamine-related disorders, either in Germany or abroad. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed on the treatment of methamphetamine-related disorders. Based on this literature review, a multidisciplinary expert panel developed recommendations using the nominal group technique...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705037/saffron-and-its-derivatives-crocin-crocetin-and-safranal-a-patent-review
#13
Maryam Rameshrad, Bibi Marjan Razavi, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Saffron and its main components have traditionally been used as pharmaceutical agents. Current experimental research projects have also exhibited their applications in a wide spectrum of disorder treatments. Area covered: This review covers the demonstrated findings and patents on therapeutic/pharmaceutical properties of saffron and related derivatives, since 2000 to bold their outstanding merit on human health. An extensive literature review was performed in USP Patent, Patentscope, Espacenet and Google Patent in the field of CNS, cardiovascular, urogenital, dermatological and inflammatory disorders...
July 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704729/longitudinal-association-between-physical-activity-engagement-during-adolescence-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-young-adults-a-21-year-birth-cohort-study
#14
Shuichi Suetani, Abdullah Mamun, Gail M Williams, Jake M Najman, John J McGrath, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies provide mixed evidence that physical activity engagement (PAE) in adolescence is associated with later mental health outcomes. This study aimed to examine the association between PAE at age 14 and mental health outcomes at age 21 using a large birth cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective data from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, consisting of 3493 young adults, were analyzed. PAE at age 14 was estimated using self-report, and participants were categorized into; (1) frequent, (2) infrequent, or (3) no PAE group...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704190/modulating-effects-of-cholecalciferol-treatment-on-estrogen-deficiency-induced-anxiety-like-behavior-of-adult-female-rats
#15
Julia Fedotova, Daria Zarembo, Jozef Dragasek, Martin Caprnda, Peter Kruzliak, Tatyana Dudnichenko
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D can be one of the candidate substances that are used as additional supplementation in the treatment of anxiety-related disorders in women with estrogen imbalance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of chronic cholecalciferol administration (1.0, 2.5 or 5.0 mg/kg/day, s.c.) on the anxiety-like behavior and monoamines levels in the rat hippocampus following ovariectomy in female rats. Cholecalciferol was given to ovariectomized (OVX) rats and OVX rats treated with 17β-estradiol (17β-E2, 0...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704116/popular-views-on-addictions-and-on-prospects-for-recovery-in-poland
#16
Justyna I Klingemann, Harald Klingemann, Jacek Moskalewicz
BACKGROUND: Popular views of addictive substances and behaviors constitute an important research topic because these views have an impact upon the functioning of treatment systems and societal responses to substance use disorders. METHODS: The analysis is based on a random sample of N = 1000 telephone interviews collected in Poland in 2013. Questionnaire measures targeted such issues as the perceived risks of addictions and beliefs about potential recovery from various types of addictions...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704115/trends-of-youth-marijuana-treatment-admissions-increasing-admissions-contrasted-with-decreasing-drug-involvement
#17
Miesha Marzell, Ethan Sahker, Stephan Arndt
BACKGROUND: Recent changes in marijuana policies and their potential negative effects on youth development are a public health concern. Identifying the most appropriate treatment approaches for problematic marijuana use is important. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to track marijuana use among young people by examining national changes from 1995 to 2012 in the demographics, referral sources, and the substance use patterns related to youth admissions to substance abuse treatment programs...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700808/the-moderating-effect-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-the-relations-among-ptsd-symptoms-positive-urgency-and-negative-urgency
#18
Matthew Price, Julie P Connor, Holley C Allen
Childhood maltreatment increases the risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comorbid substance use disorder (SUD). One pathway by which this occurs is through impaired emotion regulation. Past research has shown that negative urgency, a deficit in the regulation of negative emotions, is strongly related to PTSD in those with comorbid SUD. However, there is minimal research on the relation between positive urgency and PTSD in those with comorbid SUD. The current study investigated the association between childhood maltreatment, positive urgency, negative urgency, and PTSD symptoms among those with SUD...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699829/association-between-nonmedical-marijuana-and-pain-reliever-uses-among-individuals-aged-50
#19
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti, Bryan Y Choi
Marijuana and pain reliever use for medical and nonmedical purposes has been increasing among older adults. Using the 2012-2013 U.S. National Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined: (1) the association between past-year nonmedical marijuana and pain reliever use among adults aged 50+ years (N = 14,715); and (2) sociodemographic, health, and pain-related correlates of nonmedical marijuana and/or pain reliever use. The findings show that 3.87% and 3.12%, respectively, used marijuana and pain relievers nonmedically and 14...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699380/addressing-the-barriers-related-with-opioid-therapy-for-management-of-chronic-pain-in-india
#20
Gur Prasad Dureja, Paramanand N Jain, Muralidhar Joshi, Ashok Saxena, Gautam Das, Jaishid Ahdal, Prashant Narang
India has a high prevalence of chronic disorders which may be associated with persistent pain. Despite the availability of multiple treatment options, chronic pain is largely untreated and contributes to disability and mortality. Medical consumption of opioids remains low due to various barriers that prevent access to opioids for patients and healthcare practitioners. Stringent regulatory provisions outlined in the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985) have been major deterrents to adequate opioid use...
July 12, 2017: Pain Management
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