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Substance-Related Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810899/chronic-pain-and-opioid-misuse-a-review-of-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Pauline Voon, Mohammad Karamouzian, Thomas Kerr
OBJECTIVE: The crisis of prescription opioid (PO) related harms has focused attention toward identifying and treating high-risk populations. This review aims to synthesize systematic reviews on the epidemiology and clinical management of comorbid chronic pain and PO or other substance misuse. METHODS: A systematic database search was conducted to identify systematic reviews published between 2000 and 2016. Eligible studies were systematic reviews related to chronic non-cancer pain and PO or other substance misuse...
August 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810196/tobacco-demand-delay-discounting-and-smoking-topography-among-smokers-with-and-without-psychopathology
#2
Samantha G Farris, Elizabeth R Aston, Ana M Abrantes, Michael J Zvolensky
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco demand (i.e., relative value attributed to a given reinforcer) and delay discounting (i.e., relative preference for smaller immediate rewards over larger delayed rewards) are two behavioral economic processes that are linked to the progression of problematic substance use. These processes have not been studied among those with psychopathology, a vulnerable group of smokers. The current study examined differences in tobacco demand and delay discounting, and their association with smoking topography among smokers with (n=43) and without (n=64) past-year psychopathology...
August 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809128/real-world-adherence-and-economic-outcomes-associated-with-paliperidone-palmitate-versus-oral-atypical-antipsychotics-in-schizophrenia-patients-with-substance-related-disorders-using-medicaid-benefits
#3
Kruti Joshi, Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Rhiannon Kamstra, Sean Tiggelaar, Patrick Lefebvre, Edward Kim, Yong Yue, Neeta Tandon
AIM: Compare medication utilization, costs and healthcare resource use in schizophrenia patients with substance-related disorders initiated on once-monthly paliperidone palmitate (PP1M) or an oral atypical antipsychotic (OAA). MATERIALS & METHODS: Data from six Medicaid states (07/2009-03/2015) were used to compare outcomes between PP1M and OAA patients. RESULTS: PP1M patients had higher 12-month antipsychotic adherence and persistence than OAA patients...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806734/mental-health-among-single-and-partnered-parents-in-south-korea
#4
Kyoung Ae Kong, Hee Yeon Choi, Soo In Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805271/efficacy-of-extensive-intervention-models-for-substance-use-disorders-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Hélène Simoneau, Ervane Kamgang, Joël Tremblay, Karine Bertrand, Serge Brochu, Marie-Josée Fleury
ISSUES: Despite a growing trend towards considering addiction as a chronic disease, the development of intervention models addressing the chronicity of substance use disorder is relatively new, and no literature review on this topic is available. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the efficacy of intervention models designed within the perspective of addiction as a chronic disease and those tailored to persons with substance use disorder who revolve in and out of treatment...
August 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805194/-lung-cancer-and-copd-growing-clinical-problem
#6
EDITORIAL
Michal Tyl, Joanna Domagała-Kulawik
A spread of the addiction of tobacco smoking is valued on near 1 billion of people in the world, that involves growing number of morbidity and mortality by the reason of smoke related diseases. Lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are the most serious and incurable diseases which are leading to a permanent disability as well as to premature death. There are factors that naturally increase the vulnerability of an individual on the coincidence of above disorders, such as pathophysiological conditions, systemic inflammation, bronchitis, emphysema, respiratory obstructive disease and precise genetic predispositions for COPD and lung cancer...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804465/personality-traits-related-to-binge-drinking-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Ana Adan, Diego A Forero, José Francisco Navarro
The pattern of alcohol consumption in the form of binge drinking (BD) or heavy episodic drinking has increased notably worldwide in recent years, especially among adolescent and young people, being currently recognized as a global health problem. Although only a minority of binge drinkers will develop a substance use disorder, BD may have negative personal and social consequences in the short and medium term. The objective of this article is to review the findings on personality traits related to binge drinkers and to emphasize the aspects that should be examined in order to make progress in this area...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803041/the-influence-of-traumatic-brain-injury-on-treatment-outcomes-of-concurrent-treatment-for-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders-using-prolonged-exposure-cope-in-veterans
#8
Daniel F Gros, Cynthia L Lancaster, Michael David Horner, Derek D Szafranski, Sudie E Back
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance use disorders (SUD), and traumatic brain injury (TBI) in veterans of Operations Enduring/Iraqi Freedom and New Dawn has received much attention in the literature. Although hypotheses have been presented and disseminated that TBI history will negatively influence treatment response, little data exist to support these claims. The present study investigates the influence of TBI history on response to COPE (Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and SUD Using Prolonged Exposure), a 12-session, integrated psychotherapy designed to address co-occurring PTSD and SUD...
July 17, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803030/neurofeedback-sham-neurofeedback-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-triple-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Michael Schönenberg, Eva Wiedemann, Alexander Schneidt, Jonathan Scheeff, Alexander Logemann, Philipp M Keune, Martin Hautzinger
BACKGROUND: Many studies suggest that electroencephalographic (EEG) neurofeedback might be beneficial in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, numbers of well controlled studies are low and neurofeedback techniques are regarded as highly controversial. The present trial examined the efficacy (compared with sham neurofeedback) and efficiency (compared with meta-cognitive therapy) of a standard EEG neurofeedback protocol in adults with ADHD. METHODS: We did a concurrent, triple-blind, randomised, controlled trial using authorised deception in adults with ADHD from one centre (University of Tübingen) in Tübingen, Germany...
August 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801755/a-cross-national-comparison-of-violence-among-young-men-in-china-and-the-uk-psychiatric-and-cultural-explanations
#11
Jeremy Coid, Junmei Hu, Constantinos Kallis, Yuan Ping, Juying Zhang, Yueying Hu, Laura Bui, Simone Ullrich, Paul Bebbington
PURPOSE: Public health psychiatry has a key role in violence prevention. Cross-national comparisons of violence and associated psychiatric morbidity can indicate targets for preventive interventions. METHOD: Data on young adult men in households, 18-34 years, were drawn from the Second Men's Modern Lifestyles survey in Great Britain (n = 2046) and from a corresponding survey in Chengdu, China (n = 4132), using a translated questionnaire. Binary logistic regression models were carried out to estimate the cross-national differences for different types of violence and to identify explanatory variables...
August 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800803/addictive-disorders-in-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Anh Truong, Nidal Moukaddam, Alexander Toledo, Edore Onigu-Otite
Addictive disorders in youth represent a dynamic field characterized by shifting patterns of substance use and high rates of experimentation, while retaining the risky behaviors and negative outcomes associated with established drug classes. Youth/adolescents are also at the forefront of use of new technologies, and non-substance-related disorders are pertinent. These disorders present with similar pictures of impairment, and can be diagnosed following the same principles. An underlying mental disorder and the possibility of a dual diagnosis need to be assessed carefully, and optimal treatment includes psychosocial treatments with applicable pharmacologic management, the latter representing an expanding field...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800800/behavioral-emergencies-special-considerations-in-the-pregnant-patient
#13
REVIEW
Awais Aftab, Asim A Shah
This article describes psychiatric emergencies in pregnant women. The perinatal period is a time of psychiatric vulnerability. Up to 1 in 6 pregnant women experience major depressive disorder, and 1 in 4 pregnant women with bipolar disorder experience mood exacerbation. We discuss the management of severe mental illness in pregnancy, risk to mother and child of untreated psychiatric illness in pregnancy, risk of relapse of psychiatric disorders in pregnancy with medication discontinuation, psychopharmacologic considerations of teratogenicity and other fetal adverse effects, acute agitation in the pregnant patient, suicidality in pregnancy, and emergency considerations related to substance use disorders...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799890/country-wide-distance-training-for-delivery-of-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-problematic-substance-use-a-pilot-evaluation-of-participant-experiences-and-patient-outcomes
#14
Ana Paula Leal Carneiro, Maria Lucia Oliveira Souza-Formigoni
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated if the 120-hour distance-learning (DL) course SUPERA (an acronym in Portuguese meaning: System for detection of excessive use or dependence on psychoactive substances: brief Intervention, social reinsertion and follow-up) was an effective way to train health professionals and social workers to apply screening and brief intervention (SBI) for patients with substance use disorders. METHODS: In the first phase, 2,420 health professionals or social workers, who had completed the course, answered an online survey about their use of the SBI...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798555/emotional-processing-in-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Laura K Kemmis, Shamil Wanigaratne, Kimberly A Ehntholt
Previous research has shown that individuals with substance use disorder (SUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have emotional processing difficulties. However, no studies have specifically investigated the role of emotional processing in those with co-morbid SUD-PTSD. This study investigated whether there are more emotional processing abnormalities among patients with SUD-PTSD, than those with either a single diagnosis of PTSD or SUD. Emotional processing was assessed in three groups [1) SUD (without PTSD); 2) PTSD (without SUD); and 3) co-morbid SUD-PTSD] using the Emotional Processing Scale (EPS-25) and the International Affective Picture System (IAPS)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797805/trajectories-of-energy-drink-consumption-and-subsequent-drug-use-during-young-adulthood
#16
Amelia M Arria, Kimberly M Caldeira, Brittany A Bugbee, Kathryn B Vincent, Kevin E O'Grady
BACKGROUND: Highly caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) are popular with adolescents and young adults, but longitudinal consumption patterns are poorly understood especially in relation to other substance use. METHODS: ED and other substance use were assessed annually (modal ages 21-25) among a sample (n=1099) who were originally recruited as first-year college students (modal age 18). Trajectory groups were derived based on probability of past-year use during ages 21-24, and compared for possible differences in substance use outcomes at age 25, holding constant demographics, sensation-seeking, other caffeine consumption, and age 21 substance use...
August 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794695/water-filtered-infrared-a-wira-overcomes-swallowing-disorders-and-hypersalivation-a-case-report
#17
Gerd Hoffmann
Case description: A patient with a Barrett oesophageal carcinoma and a resection of the oesophagus with gastric pull-up developed swallowing disorders 6 years and 2 months after the operation. Within 1 year and 7 months two recurrences of the tumor at the anastomosis were found and treated with combined chemoradiotherapy or chemotherapy respectively. 7 years and 9 months after the operation local tumor masses and destruction were present with no ability to orally drink or eat (full feeding by jejunal PEG tube): quality of life was poor, as saliva and mucus were very viscous (pulling filaments) and could not be swallowed and had to be spat out throughout the day and night resulting in short periods of sleep (awaking from the necessity to spit out)...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792293/the-opioid-epidemic-challenges-of-sustained-remission
#18
Nitin Chopra, Lauren H Marasa
Opioid use disorder is a growing epidemic, with an alarming number of associated deaths. In 2014, in the United States, 18,893 lethal overdoses were related to prescription opioids and 10,574 due to heroin. Despite the growing number of treatment options for substance use disorders, which are chronic, relapsing-remitting conditions, relapse rates remain as high as 91%. In the United States, 7.5 million children reside with at least one patient who abuses drugs or alcohol. Mothers are twice as likely to lose custody of their children...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782091/infant-parasympathetic-and-sympathetic-activity-during-baseline-stress-and-recovery-interactions-with-prenatal-adversity-predict-physical-aggression-in-toddlerhood
#19
J Suurland, K B van der Heijden, S C J Huijbregts, S H M van Goozen, H Swaab
Exposure to prenatal adversity is associated with aggression later in life. Individual differences in autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning, specifically nonreciprocal activation of the parasympathetic (PNS) and sympathetic (SNS) nervous systems, increase susceptibility to aggression, especially in the context of adversity. Previous work examining interactions between early adversity and ANS functioning in infancy is scarce and has not examined interaction between PNS and SNS. This study examined whether the PNS and SNS moderate the relation between cumulative prenatal risk and early physical aggression in 124 children (57% male)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780748/validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-i-yfas-2-0-in-a-sample-of-undergraduate-students
#20
Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Rita Cristina Rodríguez Muñoz, Susana Jiménez Murcia, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-Garcia
PURPOSE: Food addiction (FA) refers to a condition characterized by addiction in relation to some high-fat and high-sugar carbohydrate that leads to clinically significant impairment or distress on several areas of functioning. The Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (YFAS 2.0) has been recently updated to measure FA according to the DSM-5 criteria for substance-related and addictive disorders. This study aimed at validating the Italian version of YFAS 2.0. METHODS: A sample of 574 Italian university students was involved in this research...
August 5, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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