keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Substance-Related Disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434182/recent-trends-in-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-police-detainees-in-new-zealand-2010-2015
#1
Chris Wilkins, Jitesh Prasad, Karl Parker, Marta Rychert, Helen Moewaka Barnes
BACKGROUND: New Zealand has unusual patterns of recreational substance use by international standards including low levels of cocaine and heroin use, and high methamphetamine use. AIMS: This paper examines recent trends in alcohol and other drug use among police detainees in New Zealand over the past six years. METHOD: The paper utilises data from the New Zealand Arrestee Drug Use Monitoring (NZ-ADUM) study. NZ-ADUM interviewed approximately 800 police detainees each year at four central city police watch houses (i...
April 23, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432939/the-association-of-psychiatric-comorbidity-with-treatment-completion-among-clients-admitted-to-substance-use-treatment-programs-in-a-u-s-national-sample
#2
Noa Krawczyk, Kenneth A Feder, Brendan Saloner, Rosa M Crum, Marc Kealhofer, Ramin Mojtabai
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders are highly comorbid with substance use disorders and play an important role in their course and recovery. However, the impact of comorbidity on treatment outcomes has not been examined in a U.S. national sample. This study explores the impact of psychiatric comorbidity on treatment completion among individuals admitted to publicly funded substance use treatment facilities across the United States. METHODS: Using data on first-time treatment episodes in the U...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428763/adhd-lifestyles-and-comorbidities-a-call-for-an-holistic-perspective-from-medical-to-societal-intervening-factors
#3
REVIEW
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Andreja Erman, Katerina Schonova, Jiri Raboch, Michal Goetz
The review examines Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in its Child and Adult form) and its various presentations (Hyperactive Impulsive, Inattentive, and Combined) with a particular focus on environmental (incl. social factors), lifestyles and comorbidities. It is argued that ADHD is best understood in a holistic and interactive context and a vast empirical literature is presented to illustrate the point: Environmental factors include stress in general as well as exposure to toxins (phthalates, bisphenol A)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427930/the-relative-prevalence-of-schizophrenia-among-cannabis-and-cocaine-users-attending-addiction-services
#4
Nicolás Libuy, Valeria de Angel, Carlos Ibáñez, Robin M Murray, Adrian P Mundt
BACKGROUND: Cannabis and cocaine are the most common illicit drugs for which people are treated in addiction services in Latin America. Much research has suggested that the use of cannabis increases the risk of schizophrenia; there is less evidence concerning cocaine. The aim of the present study was to establish the relative prevalence of schizophrenia in people treated for cannabis use and cocaine use disorders in Chile. METHODS: A sample of 22,615 people treated for illicit drug use disorders was obtained from a national registry of addiction service users in Chile...
April 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427755/do-maternity-care-coordination-services-encourage-use-of-behavioral-health-treatment-among-pregnant-women-on-medicaid
#5
Megan Shepherd-Banigan, Marisa E Domino, Rebecca Wells, Regina Rutledge, Marianne M Hillemeier, Courtney H Van Houtven
OBJECTIVE: Maternity care coordination (MCC) may provide an opportunity to enhance access to behavioral health treatment services. However, this relationship has not been examined extensively in the empirical literature. This study examines the effect of MCC on use of behavioral health services among perinatal women. METHODS: Medicaid claims data from October 2008 to September 2010 were analyzed using linear fixed effects models to investigate the effects of receipt of MCC services on mental health and substance use-related service use among Medicaid-eligible pregnant and postpartum women in North Carolina (n = 7,406)...
April 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427398/euphorbia-dracunculoides-l-abrogates-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-liver-and-dna-damage-in-rats
#6
Riffat Batool, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Muhammad Majid
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of Euphorbia dracunculoides of family Euphorbiaceae during previous studies had established the in vitro antioxidant and in vivo anti-inflammatory activities. The plant is used by the local communities of Pakistan for various disorders including rheumatism and edema. In this investigation we have evaluated the hepatoprotective effects against CCl4 induced toxicity in rat. METHODS: Dry powder of the aerial parts of E. dracunculoides was extracted with 95% methanol to get the extract (EDME)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427371/inside-the-nation-s-largest-mental-health-institution-a-prevalence-study-in-a-state-prison-system
#7
Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in this setting could inform criminal justice reform. We determined prevalence rates for mental illnesses and related comorbidities among all inmates in a state prison system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Iowa Corrections Offender Network which contains health records of all inmates in Iowa...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427041/the-efficacy-of-donepezil-administration-on-acetylcholinesterase-activity-and-altered-redox-homeostasis-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Pinar Atukeren, Mahir Cengiz, Hakan Yavuzer, Remise Gelisgen, Esma Altunoglu, Sena Oner, Fusun Erdenen, Damla Yuceakın, Himmet Derici, Ufuk Cakatay, Hafize Uzun
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a serious multifactorial disorder with progressive neurodegenerative outcomes related with impaired redox homeostasis. Inhibition of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE), as one of the major therapeutic strategies, is considered to be offering only symptomatic relief and moderate disease modifying effect. We intended to investigate the effects of acetylcholinesterase inhibition via donepezil on protein carbonyl (PCO), advanced protein oxidation products (AOPP) and ischemia modified albumin (IMA) as protein oxidation markers and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB), total thiol (T-SH), protein thiol (P-SH) as antioxidant status markers and also kynurenine (KYN), N-formyl kynurenine (N-FKYN) and protein bound dityrosine (DT) levels all in one demonstrating the redox homeostasis in Alzheimer patients also correlated with AChE activity...
April 17, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426439/high-mortality-among-patients-with-opioid-use-disorder-in-a-large-healthcare-system
#9
Yih-Ing Hser, Larissa J Mooney, Andrew J Saxon, Karen Miotto, Douglas S Bell, Yuhui Zhu, Di Liang, David Huang
OBJECTIVES: Elevated mortality has been observed among individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) treated in addiction specialty clinics or programs. Information about OUD patients in general healthcare settings is needed in light of the current effort to integrate addiction services into primary healthcare systems. This study examined mortality rates, causes of death, and associated risk factors among patients with OUD in a large general healthcare system. METHODS: Mortality data were linked with electronic health records of 2576 OUD patients cared for in a large university health system from 2006 to 2014...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426332/buprenorphine-treatment-and-patient-use-of-health-services-after-the-affordable-care-act-in-an-integrated-health-care-system
#10
Cynthia I Campbell, Sujaya Parthasarathy, Kelly C Young-Wolff, Derek D Satre
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was expected to benefit patients with substance use disorders, including opioid use disorders (OUDs). This study examined buprenorphine use and health services utilization by patients with OUDs pre- and post-ACA in a large health care system. Using electronic health record data, we examined demographic and clinical characteristics (substance use, psychiatric and medical conditions) of two patient cohorts using buprenorphine: those newly enrolled in 2012 ("pre-ACA," N = 204) and in 2014 ("post-ACA," N = 258)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424157/childhood-adversity-and-risk-of-suicide-cohort-study-of-548%C3%A2-721-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#11
Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou, Emma Björkenstam
Objective To examine the relation between childhood adversity, the role of school performance, and childhood psychopathology and the risk of suicide.Design Cohort study of register based indicators of childhood adversity (at ages 0-14) including death in the family (suicide analysed separately), parental substance abuse, parental psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation/single parent household, receipt of public assistance, and residential instability.Setting Swedish medical birth register and various Swedish population based registers...
April 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420448/association-of-cognitive-function-and-liability-to-addiction-with-childhood-herpesvirus-infections-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Michael M Vanyukov, Vishwajit L Nimgaonkar, Levent Kirisci, Galina P Kirillova, Maureen D Reynolds, Konasale Prasad, Ralph E Tarter, Robert H Yolken
Liability to substance use disorder (SUD) is largely nonspecific to particular drugs and is related to behavior dysregulation, including reduced cognitive control. Recent data suggest that cognitive mechanisms may be influenced by exposure to neurotropic infections, such as human herpesviruses. In this study, serological evidence of exposure to human herpesvirus Herpes simplex virus Type 1 (HSV-1), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as well as Toxoplasma gondii was determined in childhood (age ~11 years) in 395 sons and 174 daughters of fathers with or without SUD...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419959/substance-abuse-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Thomas Messer, Gero Lammers, Florian Müller-Siecheneder, Raluca-Florela Schmidt, Sahar Latifi
By considering the debilitating outcome of co-occurring of bipolar disorder (BD) and substance abuse, determination of risk factors of substance use disorders (SUD: abuse or dependence of drugs and/or alcohol) is essential to identify the susceptible patients. The purpose of this study was to clarify the major determinant factors of SUD among adults with BD by reviewing the relevant literature. We systematically searched electronic databases including PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, OVID, Cochrane and Scopus for human studies addressing the co-existence of bipolar disorder and SUD...
April 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419577/decline-in-new-psychoactive-substance-use-disorders-following-legislation-targeting-headshops-evidence-from-national-addiction-treatment-data
#14
Bobby P Smyth, Suzi Lyons, Walter Cullen
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: New psychoactive substances (NPS) have hedonic effects that may lead to dependence. Headshops selling NPS increased in number in Ireland from late 2009. Legislation was enacted in May and August of 2010 that caused their closure. It is unknown whether such events impact the rate of NPS use disorders. DESIGNS AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based study using the Irish national database of episodes of addiction treatment between 2009 and 2012...
April 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417320/patient-reporting-in-the-eu-analysis-of-eudravigilance-data
#15
Marin Banovac, Gianmario Candore, Jim Slattery, Francois Houÿez, David Haerry, Georgy Genov, Peter Arlett
INTRODUCTION: New pharmacovigilance legislation was adopted in the EU in 2010 and became operational in July 2012. The legislation placed an obligation on all national competent authorities (NCAs) and marketing authorisation holders (MAHs) to record and report cases of suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) received from patients. OBJECTIVES: This descriptive study aims to provide insight into patient reporting for the totality of the EU by querying the EudraVigilance (EV) database for the period of 3 years before the new pharmacovigilance legislation became operational and the 3 years after as well as comparing patient reports with those from healthcare professionals (HCPs) where feasible...
April 17, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413439/family-reintegration-of-homeless-in-maputo-and-matola-a-descriptive-study
#16
Lídia Gouveia, Honório Massanganhe, Flávio Mandlate, Dirceu Mabunda, Wilza Fumo, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Jair de Jesus Mari
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is a global and local social problem with underestimated prevalence. It has been shown to increase the risk of mental illness, raising concerns from mental health providers about the need for effective interventions targeting this population. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the mental health status of the homeless people in two urban setting in a low-income country, through using standardised clinical and socio-demographic assessments as well assessing potential predictors of family integration versus non-family integration among a group of homeless individuals receiving psychiatric and psychosocial treatment...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412918/neurological-aspects-of-medical-use-of-cannabidiol
#17
Carmen Mannucci, Michele Navarra, Fabrizio Calapai, Elvira Ventura Spagnolo, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Roberto Da Cas, Francesca Menniti Ippolito, Gioacchino Calapai
BACKGROUND: Cannabidiol (CBD) is among the major secondary metabolites of Cannabis devoid of the delta-9-tetra-hydrocannabinol psychoactive effects. It is a resorcinol-based compound with a broad spectrum of potential therapeutic properties, including neuroprotective effects in numerous pathological conditions. CBD neuroprotection is due to its antioxidant and antiinflammatory activi-ties and the modulation of a large number of brain biological targets (receptors, channels) involved in the development and maintenance of neurodegenerative diseases...
April 13, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410524/cognitive-control-in-young-heavy-drinkers-an-erp-study
#18
Ingmar H A Franken, Maartje Luijten, Frederik M van der Veen, Jan W van Strien
Substance use disorders have been frequently linked to an impaired cognitive control system. Whether this impaired control is also present in young adults who heavily drink alcohol is still subject to debate. The present study investigated possible impairments in cognitive control in heavy drinkers using behavioral and electrophysiological (EEG) measures. We studied behavioral performance on an inhibitory control and an error-processing task, using a GoNogo task and an Eriksen Flanker task respectively, while ERPs (Nogo-N2/P3 and ERN/Pe) were measured in a group of heavy alcohol drinkers (n=48) and a healthy control group of light drinkers (n=49)...
March 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409741/impact-of-comorbidities-among-medicaid-enrollees-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-united-states-2009
#19
Gloria Westney, Marilyn G Foreman, Junjun Xu, Marshaleen Henriques King, Eric Flenaugh, George Rust
INTRODUCTION: Multimorbidity, the presence of 2 or more chronic conditions, frequently affects people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Many have high-cost, highly complex conditions that have a substantial impact on state Medicaid programs. We quantified the cost of Medicaid-insured patients with COPD co-diagnosed with other chronic disorders. METHODS: We used nationally representative Medicaid claims data to analyze the impact of comorbidities (other chronic conditions) on the disease burden, emergency department (ED) use, hospitalizations, and total health care costs among 291,978 adult COPD patients...
April 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408172/opioid-dispensing-and-overlap-in-veterans-with-non-cancer-pain-eligible-for-medicare-part-d
#20
Katie J Suda, Bridget M Smith, Lauren Bailey, Walid F Gellad, Zhiping Huo, Muriel Burk, Francesca Cunningham, Kevin T Stroupe
OBJECTIVES: Pain is the most prevalent problem among veterans, who receive pain diagnoses 5 times more frequently than the general population. Opioids are commonly prescribed for pain, but they have potential for misuse and serious adverse events. The study objective was to evaluate opioid dispensing patterns and predictors for overlap in veterans who are eligible for Medicare Part D benefits. METHODS: A sample of male and all female veterans aged 66 years and older without cancer in 2005-2009 was included...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
keyword
keyword
7488
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"