keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Substance-Related Disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098747/integrated-treatment-of-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders-the-mediating-role-of-ptsd-improvement-in-the-reduction-of-depression
#1
Kristina J Korte, Kaitlin E Bountress, Rachel L Tomko, Therese Killeen, Megan Moran-Santa Maria, Sudie E Back
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) represents one of the most common mental health disorders, particularly among veterans, and is associated with significant distress and impairment. This highly debilitating disorder is further complicated by common comorbid psychiatric disorders, such as substance use disorders (SUD). Individuals with PTSD and co-occurring SUD also commonly present with secondary symptoms, such as elevated depression. Little is known, however, about how these secondary symptoms are related to treatment outcome...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095339/preadolescent-sensation-seeking-and-early-adolescent-stress-relate-to-at-risk-adolescents-substance-use-by-age-15
#2
Nora E Charles, Charles W Mathias, Ashley Acheson, Donald M Dougherty
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Substance use during adolescence can lead to the development of substance use disorders and other psychosocial problems. These negative outcomes are especially likely for individuals who use substances at earlier ages and those who engage in heavier use during adolescence, behaviors which are both more common among youth at higher risk for developing a substance use disorder, such as those with a family history of substance use disorders (FH+). Factors such as increased sensation seeking and greater exposure to stressors among FH+ youth may influence these associations...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094999/specificity-of-executive-functioning-and-processing-speed-problems-in-common-psychopathology
#3
Joel T Nigg, Jennifer M Jester, Gillian M Stavro, Ka I Ip, Leon I Puttler, Robert A Zucker
OBJECTIVE: Interest continues in neuropsychological measures as cross-disorder intermediate phenotypes in understanding psychopathology. A central question concerns their specificity versus generalizability to particular forms of psychopathology, particularly for executive functioning (EF) and response speed. Three conceptual models examining these relationships were tested to clarify this picture at different levels in the diagnostic hierarchy. METHOD: Participants (total n = 641, age 18-60) yielded complete structured diagnostic interviews and a neuropsychological test battery comprising measures of executive function, processing speed, and IQ...
January 16, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093220/increased-oxytocin-levels-among-abstinent-heroin-addicts-association-with-aggressiveness-psychiatric-symptoms-and-perceived-childhood-neglect
#4
Lidia M Gerra, Gilberto Gerra, Laura Mercolini, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Somaini, Chiara M Pieri, Maina Antonioni, Michele Protti, Paolo Ossola, Carlo Marchesi
A disruption of the oxytocin system seems to affect a variety of brain functions including emotions, mood and social behavior possibly underlying severe social deficits and susceptibility for substance use and mental health disorders. Early life adversity, such as insecure attachment in childhood, has been suggested to influence oxytocin tone contributing to a condition of neurobiological vulnerability. Aim of the present study was to investigate oxytocin serum levels in abstinent heroin addicted patients, in comparison with healthy controls, and the possible correlation with co-occurring psychiatric symptoms, aggressiveness and perception of parental neglect...
January 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093059/insurance-coverage-and-treatment-use-under-the-affordable-care-act-among-adults-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders
#5
Brendan Saloner, Sachini Bandara, Marcus Bachhuber, Colleen L Barry
OBJECTIVE: Many adults who have mental or substance use disorders or both experience insurance-related barriers to care, contributing to low treatment utilization. Expanded insurance under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) could improve coverage and access. The study identified changes in coverage and treatment use following 2014 ACA insurance expansions. METHODS: Data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health were used to identify individuals ages 18-64 screening positive for any mental disorder (N=29,962) or substance use disorder (N=19,243) for two periods: 2011-2013 and 2014...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092418/an-examination-of-the-etiologic-overlap-between-the-genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-insomnia-and-common-psychopathology
#6
Mackenzie J Lind, Sage E Hawn, Christina M Sheerin, Steven H Aggen, Robert M Kirkpatrick, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is comorbid with internalizing and externalizing psychiatric disorders. However, the extent to which the etiologic influences on insomnia and common psychopathology overlap is unclear. There are limited genetically informed studies of insomnia and internalizing disorders and few studies of overlap exist with externalizing disorders. METHODS: We utilized twin data from the Virginia Adult Twin Studies of Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders (total n = 7,500)...
January 16, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092198/attentional-bias-in-excessive-internet-gamers-experimental-investigations-using-an-addiction-stroop-and-a-visual-probe
#7
Franziska Jeromin, Nele Nyenhuis, Antonia Barke
Background and aims Internet Gaming Disorder is included in the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5(th) edition) as a disorder that merits further research. The diagnostic criteria are based on those for Substance Use Disorder and Gambling Disorder. Excessive gamblers and persons with Substance Use Disorder show attentional biases towards stimuli related to their addictions. We investigated whether excessive Internet gamers show a similar attentional bias, by using two established experimental paradigms...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092186/under-the-influence-of-facebook-excess-use-of-social-networking-sites-and-drinking-motives-consequences-and-attitudes-in-college-students
#8
Julia M Hormes
Background and aims Excessive use of social networking sites (SNS) has recently been conceptualized as a behavioral addiction (i.e., "disordered SNS use") using key criteria for the diagnosis of substance dependence and shown to be associated with a variety of impairments in psychosocial functioning, including an increased risk of problem drinking. This study sought to characterize associations between "disordered SNS use" and attitudes towards alcohol, drinking motives, and adverse consequences resulting from alcohol use in young adults...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088618/modelling-possible-causality-in-the-associations-between-unemployment-cannabis-use-and-alcohol-misuse
#9
Joseph M Boden, Jungeun Olivia Lee, L John Horwood, Carolina Villamil Grest, Geraldine F H McLeod
BACKGROUND: There has been considerable interest in the extent to which substance use and unemployment may be related, particularly the causal pathways that may be involved in these associations. It has been argued that these associations may reflect social causation, in which unemployment influences substance use, or that they may reflect social selection, in which substance use increases the risk of becoming and remaining unemployed. The present study sought to test these competing explanations...
January 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087369/multidimensional-assessment-of-impulsivity-in-relation-to-obesity-and-food-addiction
#10
Lauren VanderBroek-Stice, Monika K Stojek, Steven R H Beach, Michelle R vanDellen, James MacKillop
Based on similarities between overconsumption of food and addictive drugs, there is increasing interest in "food addiction," a compulsive eating pattern defined using symptoms parallel to substance use disorders. Impulsivity, a multidimensional construct robustly linked to drug addiction, has been increasingly examined as an obesity determinant, but with mixed findings. This study sought to clarify relations between three major domains of impulsivity (i.e., impulsive personality traits, discounting of delayed rewards, and behavioral inhibition) in both obesity and food addiction...
January 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079572/concurrent-treatment-of-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders-using-prolonged-exposure-cope-a-pilot-study-in-alcohol-dependent-women
#11
Anna Persson, Sudie E Back, Therese K Killeen, Kathleen T Brady, Melanie L Schwandt, Markus Heilig, Åsa Magnusson
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders are highly comorbid. Effective treatments are largely lacking. This pilot study evaluated the safety and feasibility of a novel intervention, Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure (COPE), in preparation for a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Twenty-two treatment-seeking women with current DSM-IV-TR PTSD and alcohol dependence (AD) were recruited...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078168/concurrent-validity-of-caffeine-problems-and-diagnostic-criteria-for-substance-use-disorders
#12
Elizabeth Harstad, Georgios Sideridis, Lon Sherritt, Lydia A Shrier, Rosemary Ziemnik, Sharon Levy
Background: The DSM-5 proposes caffeine use disorder (CUD) as a condition for further study. The objective of this study was to report on the prevalence of CUD and rates of endorsement for each substance use disorder (SUD) criterion in relation to caffeine compared to alcohol and marijuana in a sample of adolescents presenting for medical care in the primary, adolescent, and substance use clinics at an academic medical center. Methods: A convenience sample of patients (N = 213; 66.7% female) aged 12-17 presenting for medical care completed the Composite Diagnostic Interview-Substance Abuse Module questionnaire, with questions regarding use of caffeine, alcohol, and marijuana...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077156/interventions-following-a-high-violence-risk-assessment-score-a-naturalistic-study-on-a-finnish-psychiatric-admission-ward
#13
Jenni Kaunomäki, Markus Jokela, Raija Kontio, Tero Laiho, Eila Sailas, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: Patient aggression and violence against staff members and other patients are common concerns in psychiatric units. Many structured clinical risk assessment tools have recently been developed. Despite their superiority to unaided clinical judgments, staff has shown ambivalent views towards them. A constant worry of staff is that the results of risk assessments would not be used. The aims of the present study were to investigate what were the interventions applied by the staff of a psychiatric admission ward after a high risk patient had been identified, how frequently these interventions were used and how effective they were...
January 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077106/age-of-onset-of-substance-use-and-psychosocial-problems-among-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders
#14
Anju Poudel, Sital Gautam
BACKGROUND: Substance use is generally initiated in adolescence or early adulthood and is commonly associated with several physical, psychological, emotional and social problems. The objective of this study is to assess the age of onset of substance use differences on psychosocial problems among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) residing in drug rehabilitation centers. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional research design was carried out. Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling technique was used to select the drug rehabilitation centers and all the respondents meeting the inclusion criteria of the selected seven rehabilitation centers were taken as a sample and comprised of 221 diagnosed individuals with SUDs...
January 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076644/main-mental-disorders-in-crack-cocaine-users-treated-at-psychosocial-care-centers-for-alcohol-and-drugs-in-the-city-of-recife-brazil
#15
Antonio Gomes de Castro, Diego César Nunes da Silva, Magda da Silva Figueiroa
Introduction: Brazil's Northeast region has the highest crack-cocaine consumption in the country. Crack-cocaine has more intense effects than cocaine powder and can cause greater chemical dependence. Psychosocial Care Centers for Alcohol and Drugs (CAPSad) are public health services that provide treatment for drug dependence. It is common for drug users, and particularly crack-cocaine users, to develop mental disorders. Objective: To evaluate the most common mental disorders in crack-cocaine dependents in treatment at CAPSad in the city of Recife, Brazil...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075650/pharmacokinetic-evaluation-of-pregabalin-for-the-treatment-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#16
Massimiliano Buoli, Alice Caldiroli, Marta Serati
Pregabalin is an alternative compound to SSRIs and SNRIs for the first-line treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Areas covered: We describe the pharmacokinetic properties of pregabalin and their implications for the treatment of GAD. A search in the main database sources (Medline, ISI, Web of Knowledge and Medscape) was performed in order to obtain a comprehensive and balanced evaluation about the clinical implications of the pharmacokinetic properties of pregabalin in the treatment of GAD. The word "pregabalin" was associated with "pharmacokinetics", "interactions"', "GAD", "anxiety" and "tolerability"...
January 11, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074568/the-relative-impact-of-brief-treatment-versus-brief-intervention-in-primary-health-care-screening-programs-for-substance-use-disorders
#17
Arnie Aldridge, William Dowd, Jeremy Bray
AIMS: To assess the relative impact of brief treatment (BT) compared with brief intervention (BI) on changes in substance use behavior in primary care screening programs for substance use disorders, overall and by patient severity. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 9029 patients with both baseline and follow-up interviews were identified in the US Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) data from October 2004 and February 2008. Using a propensity score framework, multiple generalized linear mixed models and a local linear matching method with a difference in difference estimator, patients from the BI group that resemble BT patients were used to determine the relative treatment effect of BT...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072643/early-life-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-clinical-outcomes
#18
Ajay K Parsaik, Noha Abdelgawad, Jigar K Chotalia, Scott D Lane, Teresa A Pigott
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood trauma and its impact on clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with mood disorders is unknown. We studied the frequency of childhood trauma among inpatient adults with mood disorders and its association with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients admitted to our hospital with a primary diagnosis of mood disorders completed the short form of the Early Trauma Inventory-Self-Report (ETISR-SF), the Sheehan Disability Scale, and the Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity scale...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070217/health-systems-context-s-for-integrating-mental-health-into-primary-health-care-in-six-emerald-countries-a-situation-analysis
#19
REVIEW
James Mugisha, Jibril Abdulmalik, Charlotte Hanlon, Inge Petersen, Crick Lund, Nawaraj Upadhaya, Shalini Ahuja, Rahul Shidhaye, Ntokozo Mntambo, Atalay Alem, Oye Gureje, Fred Kigozi
BACKGROUND: Mental, neurological and substance use disorders contribute to a significant proportion of the world's disease burden, including in low and middle income countries (LMICs). In this study, we focused on the health systems required to support integration of mental health into primary health care (PHC) in Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda. METHODS: A checklist guided by the World Health Organization Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS) was developed and was used for data collection in each of the six countries participating in the Emerging mental health systems in low and middle-income countries (Emerald) research consortium...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068464/clinical-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder-comorbidity
#20
Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Karen Jansen, Cristian Patrick Zeni, João Quevedo, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
OBJECTIVE: To assess the global functioning and clinical outcomes of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder, children and adolescents with bipolar disorder and substance use disorder (SUD) comorbidity and healthy controls. METHODS: This study had a cross-sectional design. Participants were children and adolescents aged between 6 and 17 years, and data were collected between 2003 and 2015. Psychiatric diagnosis was established according to DSM-IV criteria using the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version or the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
7488
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"