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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335745/-health-privacy-in-the-age-of-digital-networks
#1
REVIEW
Thilo Weichert
Digitization in the health sector embodies opportunities and risks. These consist of patient and data confidentiality. Vulnerability of data concerning integrity and availability can lead to financial losses and to damage of the health of data subjects. Those risks must be tackled by privacy or data protection law. For this purpose we have the European Data Protection Regulation as a comprehensive legal framework and a harmonizing bracket.This framework contains regulations on consent, purpose binding and data transfer, on rights of the data subject, technical and organizational measures and procedural arrangements...
January 15, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334936/gender-based-violence-screening-methods-preferred-by-women-visiting-a-public-hospital-in-pune-india
#2
Nishi Suryavanshi, Shilpa Naik, Smita Waghmare, Nikhil Gupte, Sameer Khan, Vidya Mave, Andrea Deluca, Amita Gupta, Jonathan Golub, Robert C Bollinger, Anita Shankar
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) is a major global public health concern and is a risk factor for adverse health outcomes. Early identification of GBV is crucial for improved health outcomes. Interactions with health care providers may provide a unique opportunity for routine GBV screening, if a safe, confidential environment can be established. METHODS: Between November 2014 and February 2015, a cross-sectional, observational study was conducted where women were interviewed about their opinions concerning GBV screening in a tertiary health care setting in Pune, India...
January 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332754/conservative-management-of-thumb-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-an-italian-survey-of-current-clinical-practice
#3
Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Kristin Valdes, Virginia O'Brien, Monica Seves, Raquel Cantero-Téllez, Pedro Berjano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to elucidate expert opinion on the conservative treatment of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A 21-item survey to determine the practice patterns of Italian hand therapists who treat arthritis of the CMC joint was developed and distributed through a professional online survey service to assure confidentiality and anonymity. RESULTS: Of the respondents, 80.8% were physical therapists; the remaining 19...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330063/risk-of-ischemic-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-nonarteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#4
Ju-Yeun Lee, Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk of acute tubular necrosis (ATN) in patients with nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study METHODS: This is a nationwide, population-based, retrospective study using data from the Korean national health claims database from 2011 through 2015. Patients with NAION and randomly selected control subjects from the entire Korean population were enrolled. A log rank analysis was used to evaluate a risk of ATN in the group of patients with NAION (study group) compared to an age-, sex-, and comorbidities-matched control group...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321344/a-genetic-variant-in-col11a1-is-functionally-associated-with-lumbar-disc-herniation-in-chinese-population
#5
Wenjun Liu, Guisen Sun, Longsheng Guo, Lulu Wang, Weiqiang Fan, Minglei Lang, Dan Chen, Xinhao Yi
This study aimed to explore whether the genetic variant of COL11A1 is functionally associated with the development of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) in Chinese population. SNP rs1676486 of COL11A1 was genotyped in 647 patients and 532 healthy controls. The differences of genotype and allele distributions between LDH patients and healthy controls were evaluated using the χ² test. One-way ANOVA test was used to compare the relationship between genotypes and clinical features including tissue expression of COL11A1 and the degree of disc degeneration...
December 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306349/creating-a-hostile-environment-for-migrants-the-british-government-s-use-of-health-service-data-to-restrict-immigration-is-a-very-bad-idea
#6
Lucinda Hiam, Sarah Steele, Martin McKee
In January 2017, the UK Government made public a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Department of Health, National Health Service (NHS) Digital and the Home Office. This Memorandum allows for the more expedited sharing of a patient's non-clinical data, specifically from the NHS England to the Home Office. The Government justified the MoU as in the 'public interest to support effective immigration enforcement'. In this review, we seek to unpack this justification by providing, first, a background to the MoU, placing it in the context of creating a 'hostile environment' for migrants - a project initially sought by Theresa May in her time as Home Secretary...
January 8, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298366/getting-it-rite-impact-of-a-dedicated-hospital-medicine-curriculum-for-residents
#7
Doris Lin, Chirayu Shah, Steffanie Campbell, Jeffrey T Bates, Erica Lescinskas
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to improve resident confidence in inpatient care and knowledge in hospital medicine topics with a newly developed rotation and curriculum called the Resident Inpatient Training Experience. METHODS: This study was a prospective observational study completed by postgraduate year-2 (PGY-2) internal medicine residents in two affiliated hospitals. Forty-six PGY-2 residents each rotated on the Resident Inpatient Training Experience service for 1 month and completed a pre- and postrotation confidential online survey...
January 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288816/practical-and-secure-telemedicine-systems-for-user-mobility
#8
Fatemeh Rezaeibagha, Yi Mu
The application of wireless devices has led to a significant improvement in the quality delivery of care in telemedicine systems. Patients who live in a remote area are able to communicate with the healthcare provider and benefit from the doctor consultations. However, it has been a challenge to provide a secure telemedicine system, which captures users (patients and doctors) mobility and patient privacy. In this work, we present several secure protocols for telemedicine systems, which ensure the secure communication between patients and doctors who are located in different geographical locations...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284905/application-of-ethics-for-providing-telemedicine-services-and-information-technology
#9
REVIEW
Mostafa Langarizadeh, Fatemeh Moghbeli, Ali Aliabadi
Introduction: Advanced technology has increased the use of telemedicine and Information Technology (IT) in treating or rehabilitating diseases. An increased use of technology increases the importance of the ethical issues involved. The need for keeping patients' information confidential and secure, controlling a number of therapists' inefficiency as well as raising the quality of healthcare services necessitates adequate heed to ethical issues in telemedicine provision. Aim: The goal of this review is gathering all articles that are published through 5 years until now (2012-2017) for detecting ethical issues for providing telemedicine services and Information technology...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281928/the-silent-world-of-young-next-of-kin-in-mental-healthcare
#10
Elin Håkonsen Martinsen, Bente M Weimand, Reidar Pedersen, Reidun Norvoll
BACKGROUND: Young next of kin to patients with mental health problems are faced with many challenges. It is important to focus on the special needs of children and adolescents as next of kin to ensure their welfare and prevent harm. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: We aimed to investigate young next of kin's need for information and involvement, to examine the ways they cope with situations involving coercion related to the treatment of their relative, and to identify ethical challenges...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249646/just-between-us-an-integrative-review-of-confidential-care-for-adolescents
#11
Stacy Baldridge, Lene Symes
INTRODUCTION: Confidential care is recommended for all adolescents to facilitate risk behavior screening and discussion of sensitive topics. Only 40% of adolescents receive confidential care. The purpose of this integrative review is to describe research related to the practice of confidential care for adolescents. Evidence was analyzed to identify strategies to increase confidential care and improve risk behavior screening. METHOD: Whittemore and Knafl's integrative literature review process was applied...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247113/outcomes-of-specialist-discharge-coordination-and-intermediate-care-schemes-for-patients-who-are-homeless-analysis-protocol-for-a-population-based-historical-cohort
#12
Ruth M Blackburn, Andrew Hayward, Michelle Cornes, Martin McKee, Dan Lewer, Martin Whiteford, Dee Menezes, Serena Luchenski, Alistair Story, Spiros Denaxas, Michela Tinelli, Fatima B Wurie, Richard Byng, Michael C Clark, James Fuller, Mark Gabbay, Nigel Hewett, Alan Kilmister, Jill Manthorpe, Joanne Neale, Robert W Aldridge
INTRODUCTION: People who are homeless often experience poor hospital discharge arrangements, reflecting ongoing care and housing needs. Specialist integrated homeless health and care provision (SIHHC) schemes have been developed and implemented to facilitate the safe and timely discharge of homeless patients from hospital. Our study aims to investigate the health outcomes of patients who were homeless and seen by a selection of SIHHC services. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Our study will employ a historical population-based cohort in England...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240838/recognized-focused-practice-does-sub-specialty-designation-offer-value-to-the-neurosurgeon
#13
Maya A Babu, Linda M Liau, Fredric B Meyer
Vehicles for life-long assessment such as Maintenance of Certification tend to focus on generalist neurosurgical knowledge. However, as neurosurgeons advance in their careers, they tend to narrow their practice and increase volumes in certain specific types of operations. Failing to test the type of procedures most relevant to the practitioner is a lost opportunity to improve the knowledge and practice of the individual neurosurgeon. In this study, we assess the neurosurgical community's appetite for designations of board-recognized Recognized Focused Practice (RFP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239902/oath-taking-at-u-s-and-canadian-medical-school-ceremonies-historical-perspectives-current-practices-and-future-considerations
#14
Steven J Scheinman, Patrick Fleming, Kellyann Niotis
The widespread use of oaths at medical commencements is a recent phenomenon of the late 20th century. While many are referred to as "Hippocratic," surveys have found that most oaths are modern, and the use of unique oaths has been rising. Oaths taken upon entry to medical school are even more recent, and their content has not been reported. The authors surveyed all Association of American Medical Colleges member schools in the United States and Canada in 2015 and analyzed oath texts. Of 111 (70.2%) responses, full texts were submitted for 80 commencement and 72 white coat oaths...
December 12, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239127/prognostic-predictability-of-the-new-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-8th-staging-system-for-distal-bile-duct-cancer-limited-usefulness-compared-with-the-7th-staging-system
#15
Jae Seung Kang, Seungyeoun Lee, Donghee Son, Youngmin Han, Kyung Bun Lee, Jae Ri Kim, Wooil Kwon, Sun-Whe Kim, Jin-Young Jang
BACKGROUND: The new 8th American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging has recently been released and there are major changes in distal bile duct (DBD) cancer staging. However, clinical validation is needed before the changes can be widely implemented. METHODS: This study was performed to evaluate the prognostic predictability of the 8th AJCC staging compared with that of the 7th using C statistics. RESULTS: A total of 293 consecutive patients who had curative-intended surgery were enrolled...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238448/a-systematic-review-of-research-studies-examining-telehealth-privacy-and-security-practices-used-by-healthcare-providers
#16
REVIEW
Valerie J M Watzlaf, Leming Zhou, Dilhari R Dealmeida, Linda M Hartman
The objective of this systematic review was to systematically review papers in the United States that examine current practices in privacy and security when telehealth technologies are used by healthcare providers. A literature search was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P). PubMed, CINAHL and INSPEC from 2003 - 2016 were searched and returned 25,404 papers (after duplications were removed). Inclusion and exclusion criteria were strictly followed to examine title, abstract, and full text for 21 published papers which reported on privacy and security practices used by healthcare providers using telehealth...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237916/meta-analysis-of-efficacy-of-laparoscopic-hepatectomy-versus-open-hepatectomy-for-hepatocarcinoma
#17
Hongyu Liu, Dan Wang, Yang Yu, Hui Ren, Tao Jiang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize the current evidence to evaluate the effects of laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) and open hepatectomy (OH) in the treatment of hepatocarcinoma. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar to identify all relevant studies. After we screened further, 22 published studies were included in this meta-analysis. We pooled the odds ratios (ORs), standardized mean difference (SMD) and conducted heterogeneity, quality assessment...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227430/continuing-education-meets-the-learning-organization-the-challenge-of-a-systems-approach-to-patient-safety
#18
John M Eisenberg
Since the release of the report of the Institute of Medicine on medical errors and patient safety in November 1999, health policy makers and health care leaders in several nations have sought solutions that will improve the safety of health care. This attention to patient safety has highlighted the importance of a learning approach and a systems approach to quality measurement and improvement. Balanced with the need for public disclosure of performance, confidential reporting with feedback is one of the prime ways that nations such as the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia have approached this challenge...
October 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222700/perspectives-from-the-patient-and-the-healthcare-professional-in-multiple-sclerosis-social-media-and-participatory-medicine
#19
Daniel Kantor, Jeremy R Bright, Jeri Burtchell
When faced with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS), patients often turn to the Internet and social media to find support groups, read about the experiences of other people affected by MS and seek their advice, and research their condition and treatment options to discuss with their healthcare professionals (HCPs). Here, we examine the use of social media and the Internet among patients with MS, considering its impact on patient empowerment and patient participation in treatment decision-making and MS research...
December 8, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211884/impact-of-current-and-past-cancer-history-on-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-kumamoto-university-malignancy-and-atherosclerosis-kuma-study
#20
Noriaki Tabata, Daisuke Sueta, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Seiji Takashio, Yuichiro Arima, Satoshi Araki, Kenshi Yamanaga, Masanobu Ishii, Kenji Sakamoto, Hisanori Kanazawa, Koichiro Fujisue, Shinsuke Hanatani, Hirofumi Soejima, Seiji Hokimoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Sunao Kojima, Hiroshige Yamabe, Koichi Kaikita, Kenichi Tsujita
Background: As progress is made in successfully treating cancer, there is increasing need to focus on the risk and complexity of treating cardiovascular events in cancer survivors - thus, the field of onco-cardiology/cardio-oncology has emerged. We examined the differential incidence of cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with or without cancer. Methods and Results: Participants were divided into a non-cancer group and a cancer group, which consisted of patients who were receiving or had ever received cancer treatment...
December 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
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