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erbium yag

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033365/laser-procedure-for-female-urinary-stress-incontinence-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
C Conté, T Jauffret, S Vieillefosse, J F Hermieu, X Deffieux
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing interest in noninvasive treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI), including a vaginal laser procedure. In view of a lack of data on this technique, we conducted a non-systematic review of the literature. METHODS: We reviewed studies concerning the laser treatment of SUI from PubMed, Medline, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science. Study design, outcome measure, number of participants, procedural complications and results were analyzed...
October 12, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936145/efficacy-and-safety-of-short-pulse-erbium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-laser-treatment-of-becker-s-nevus-in-saudi-patients-a-pilot-study
#2
Fahad Al-Saif, E Al-Mekhadab, H Al-Saif
OBJECTIVE: Becker's nevus (BN) is a benign cutaneous hamartoma. Although different types of lasers have been used to treat the pigmentary part of BN, to date, no definite treatment modality has been determined. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of erbium: yttrium aluminum garnet (Er: YAG) laser treatment among Saudi patients with BN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A series of 10 patients (skin phototypes III-V) with BN underwent treatment with an Er: YAG laser...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932134/using-erbium-doped-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-laser-irradiation-in-different-energy-output-levels-versus-ultrasonic-in-removal-of-root-canal-filling-materials-in-endodontic-retreatment
#3
Mehmet Omer Gorduysus, Hanin Al-Rubai, Basheer Salman, Deena Al Saady, Hiba Al-Dagistani, Sevda Muftuoglu
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser irradiation in different energy outputs versus ultrasonic in gutta-percha removal during the endodontic retreatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 21 extracted human lower premolars were divided into three groups (n = 7). Following the standardized preparation of the root canals with Wave One Rotary system and obturation with gutta-percha: Group I was treated with ultrasonic, Group II by Er:YAG laser with 40 mJ/Pulse, and Group III by Er:YAG laser with 50 mJ/Pulse for the removal of gutta-percha from the canals...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922064/erbium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-laser-activated-sodium-hypochlorite-irrigation-a-promising-procedure-for-minimally-invasive-endodontics
#4
Xiaogang Cheng, Tiantian Tian, Yu Tian, Doudou Xiang, Jun Qiu, Xiaohua Liu, Qing Yu
OBJECTIVE: This study was to evaluate the potential of Erbium:Yttrium Aluminum Garnet laser-activated sodium hypochlorite irrigation (Er:YAG + NaOCl) for minimally invasive endodontics (MIE). BACKGROUND DATA: Er:YAG laser irradiation can dramatically enhance the penetration of NaOCl, which may be a promising protocol for MIE. METHODS: Extracted human teeth were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis for 4 weeks. The infected canals were then shaped to different apical terminal working widths (ATWW, 15#/0...
September 14, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912945/comparison-of-er-yag-laser-and-ultrasonic-scaler-in-the-treatment-of-moderate-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Reza Birang, Jaber Yaghini, Naeimeh Nasri, Nasim Noordeh, Pedram Iranmanesh, Alireza Saeidi, Narges Naghsh
Introduction: Periodontitis is an inflammatory periodontal disease that leads to tooth loss. Recently laser has been introduced as an alternative treatment for periodontitis. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of Erbium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Er:YAG) laser with ultrasonic scaler in patients with moderate chronic periodontitis. Methods: In this randomized single-blind clinical trial, 27 patients with moderate chronic periodontitis were selected. One quadrant of the patients was treated by Er:YAG laser and the other one by ultrasonic scaler...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912939/effect-of-er-yag-laser-and-sandblasting-in-recycling-of-ceramic-brackets
#6
Soghra Yassaei, Hossein Aghili, Azadeh Hosseinzadeh Firouzabadi, Hamidreza Meshkani
Introduction: This study was performed to determine the shear bond strength of rebonded mechanically retentive ceramic brackets after recycling with Erbium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Er:YAG) laser or sandblasting. Methods: Twenty-eight debonded ceramic brackets plus 14 intact new ceramic brackets were used in this study. Debonded brackets were randomly divided into 2 groups of 14. One group was treated by Er:YAG laser and the other with sandblasting. All the specimens were randomly bonded to 42 intact human upper premolars...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912936/combination-of-q-switched-nd-yag-and-fractional-erbium-yag-lasers-in-treatment-of-melasma-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Shiva Alavi, Ehsan Abolhasani, Sharin Asadi, Mohammadali Nilforoushzadeh
Introduction: Ablative and nonablative lasers have been used to treat melasma. We aimed to assess and compare the combining Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (QSNYL) and fractional erbium:YAG laser (FEYL) with QSNYL alone in treatment of melasma. Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial was performed in our Research Center during 2013-2014. Women with melasma and without a history of keloid formation, hypersensitivity to hydroquinone, or pigmentary changes due to laser therapy were randomly allocated to receive four sessions of either QSNYL-FEYL combination or QSNYL alone...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890621/soft-tissue-applications-of-er-cr-ysgg-laser-in-pediatric-dentistry
#8
Gyanendra Kumar, Ferah Rehman, Vivek Chaturvedy
Soft tissue laser, such as diode and Nd:YAG lasers were initially used in soft tissue lesions because of its increased success rate. It was because of the fact that these lasers were well-absorbed by chromophores, such as hemoglobin and melanin which are found abundant in the oral mucosa. The introduction of erbium family in 1990 comprising the Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers made the hard tissue laser a boon for dentistry. Erbium, chromium-doped yttrium, scandium, gallium and garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) was introduced in 1997 for the surgical needs of clinical dentistry in general practice...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812164/efficacy-of-fractional-lasers-in-treating-alopecia-a-literature-review
#9
Marina Perper, Adam S Aldahan, Rachel A Fayne, Christopher P Emerson, Keyvan Nouri
Hair loss stemming from different types of alopecia, such as androgenic alopecia and alopecia areata, negatively affects over half the population and, in many circumstances, causes serious psychosocial distress. Current treatment options for alopecia, such as minoxidil, anthralin, and intralesional corticosteroids, vary efficacy and side effect profiles. It is known that low-level laser/light therapies (LLLT), or photobiomodulations, such as the US FDA-cleared HairMax Lasercomb®, He-Ne laser, and excimer laser, are relatively affordable, user-friendly, safe, and effective forms of treatment for hair loss...
August 16, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812042/visual-outcomes-24%C3%A2-months-after-laserace
#10
AnnMarie Hipsley, David Hui-Kang Ma, Chi-Chin Sun, Mitchell A Jackson, Daniel Goldberg, Brad Hall
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects on near and intermediate visual performance after bilateral Laser Anterior Ciliary Excision (LaserACE) procedure. METHODS: LaserACE surgery was performed using the VisioLite 2.94 μm erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) ophthalmic laser system in 4 oblique quadrants on the sclera over the ciliary muscle in 3 critical zones of physiological importance (over the ciliary muscles and posterior zonules) with the aim to improve natural dynamic accommodative forces...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806426/comparative-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-laser-etching-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-crowns-cemented-with-two-different-luting-agents-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Ankur Dahiya, Paresh Gandhi, Nadim Z Baba
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the shear bond strength of crowns cemented on natural teeth after surface treatment of the enamel with an erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Crown preparation was done for 40 full-metal crowns, and wax patterns with loops were cast in a cobalt-chromium alloy. The Er:YAG laser was used for surface treatment of some teeth, and teeth without surface treatment acted as the control...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799650/facial-microcirculatory-and-biomechanical-skin-properties-after-single-high-energy-er-yag-laser-application
#12
Fabian Medved, Antonia Wurm, Manuel Held
OBJECTIVE: Owing to skin aging and the growing demand for skin rejuvenation, minimal invasive aesthetic treatments such as laser procedures are increasingly coming into focus. However, until now, little has been known about the objective effects of these procedures with respect to skin microcirculation or changes in skin elasticity. STUDY DESIGN: Facial skin rejuvenation was performed on 32 volunteers using ablative Erbium: YAG laser. Skin microcirculation and skin elasticity have then been evaluated objectively...
August 11, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792112/a-pilot-study-of-treatment-of-striae-distensae-with-variable-square-pulse-erbium-yag-laser-resurfacing
#13
Rungsima Wanitphakdeedecha, Walailak Meeprathom, Woraphong Manuskiatti
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae (SD) are a frequent skin condition for which treatment remains a challenge. Various laser treatments have been employed to remove the epidermis and cause dermal wound and heating with subsequent dermal collagen remodeling. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of a variable square pulse Erbium: YAG (VSP Er:YAG) laser for the treatment of striae in skin phototypes III-IV. METHODS: Twenty-one women with SD were treated monthly for 2 months with VSP Er:YAG laser resurfacing using a 7-mm spot size...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776112/laser-treatments-of-active-acne
#14
REVIEW
Lauren E Wiznia, Mary L Stevenson, Arielle R Nagler
The utility of laser therapy is increasingly being recognized in the treatment of active acne vulgaris. We aimed to perform a narrative review of the medical literature on the use of laser therapy for the treatment of active acne vulgaris. We performed a PubMed literature search on September 1, 2016 using the search terms "active acne," "acne," "laser therapy," and "laser surgery." Case reports, case series, cohort, and controlled trials were included. Studies of lasers in the treatment of acne, including erbium glass, Nd:YAG, pulse dye laser (PDL), potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser, and laser-based photodynamic therapy, have been published...
August 4, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755402/combination-of-a-2940%C3%A2-nm-er-yag-laser-with-recombinant-bovine-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-rb-bfgf-and-light-emitting-diode-red-light-led-rl-for-the-treatment-of-striae-alba-a-pilot-study
#15
Jie Shen, Xin-Gang Lu, Jing-Jing Jin, Hong-Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae (SD) are a common dermatologic problem that plagues many people. Although there are many therapeutic modalities have been used to treat SD, effective method has been disappointing for striae Alba. AIMS: To evaluate the clinical and histopathologic efficacy and safety of the 2940-nm erbium yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) ablative fractional laser (AFL) with recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor (rb-bFGF) and light-emitting diode-red light (LED-RL) for the treatment of striae alba...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726192/study-of-proliferative-activity-of-vaginal-epithelium-in-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-treated-by-er-yag-laser
#16
G A Lapii, A Yu Yakovleva, A I Neimark, E L Lushnikova
The expression of Ki-67 proliferation marker was studied in vaginal biopsy specimens from women with stress urinary incontinence treated using a Fotona nonablative erbium laser. Cells expressing Ki-67 were located in all cases in the parabasal and basal levels of stratified squamous epithelium, the index of labeled nuclei before Er:YAG laser exposure was 19.05±2.86%. After 1-2 months of laser therapy, the index of labeled nuclei in the epithelium increased significantly and reached 31.79±2.25%. These changes were interpreted as a result of epithelial-stromal interactions...
June 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710660/fractional-er-yag-laser-assisting-topical-betamethasone-solution-in-combination-with-nb-uvb-for-resistant-non-segmental-vitiligo
#17
Ru Yan, Jinping Yuan, Hongqiang Chen, Yuan-Hong Li, Yan Wu, Xing-Hua Gao, Hong-Duo Chen
Resistant non-segmental vitiligo is difficult to be treated. Ablative erbium-YAG (Er:YAG) laser has been used in the treatment of vitiligo, but the ablation of entire epidermis frustrated the compliance of patients. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of fractional Er:YAG laser followed by topical betamethasone and narrow band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) therapy in the treatment of resistant non-segmental vitiligo. The vitiligo lesions of each enrolled patient were divided into four treatment parts, which were all irradiated with NB-UVB...
July 14, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691887/effects-of-an-erbium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-er-yag-laser-and-an-ultrasonic-scaler-on-tio2-coated-titanium-surfaces-contaminated-with-subgingival-plaque-an-in-vitro-study-to-assess-post-treatment-biocompatibility-to-osteogenic-cells
#18
Marco Giannelli, Daniele Bani, Alessia Tani, Fabrizio Materassi, Flaminia Chellini, Chiara Sassoli
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effects of conventional ultrasonic scaler vs. Er-YAG laser on titanium surfaces contaminated with subgingival plaque from peri-implantitis patients in terms of: plaque and bio-corroded titanium oxide coating removal; surface change induction; residual biocompatibility towards osteoblasts. METHODS: Subgingival plaque-coated titanium discs with moderately rough surface were fixed with ethanol and treated with ultrasonic scaler (metal tip) or Er-YAG laser (20...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683481/-recanalization-of-lacrimal-duct-stenosis-by-laserdacryoplasty-using-a-diode-laser-comparison-of-success-rates-using-an-erbium%C3%A2-%C3%A2-yag-laser
#19
Ludwig Stock, Ralf Ungerechts, Karl-Heinz Emmerich
Background In a retrospective study, the success rates of laserdacryoplasty using a diode laser were defined and compared to success rates using an erbium : YAG laser. Using a diode laser at a wave length of 980 nm, thermal destruction of tissue leads to recanalization. Using an erbium : YAG laser at a wave length of 2940 nm, recanalization of punctual stenosis is achieved by formation of a cavitation bubble in a closed system. Materials and Methods 94 patients (64 women, 30 men, mean age 60.8 years) with 107 absolute lacrimal duct stenoses who were treated by laserdacryoplasty using a diode laser were included in a retrospective study...
July 6, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656929/effect-of-erbium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-laser-on-bond-strength-of-a-total-etch-adhesive-system-to-caries-affected-dentin-on-gingival-wall
#20
F Cebe, M Bulbul, I Simsek, M A Cebe, B Ozturk
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of the erbium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser on bond strength of a total-etch adhesive system to the caries-affected dentin on the gingival wall. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten human molars with proximal carious lesions were randomly divided into two groups. In the first group, the carious dentin was removed with a bur, whereas in the second group it was removed with the Er:YAG laser. Carious lesions were excavated with one of these two techniques until laser fluorescence values decreased to 15 in the center of the lesions...
June 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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