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Kelly K Park, Erin Roberts, Rebecca C Tung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Tianfang Zhang, Jun Zhang, Linghao Cheng, Yizhi Liang, Long Jin, Hao Liang, Bai-Ou Guan
Direct interaction between fiber lasers and a magnetic field is useful but seldom explored because fiber is known as magnetic field insensitive. In this Letter, the response of an erbium-doped dual-polarization fiber laser to a perpendicular gradient magnetic field is investigated. Measured as beat note frequency change, significant response greater than 500 MHz has been observed that is within theoretical expectation, and translates to a birefringence change of about 4×10(-6) and a potentially very high response to a magnetic field of about 12...
November 15, 2017: Optics Letters
J M Alcolea, E Hernández, P A Martínez-Carpio, M Vélez, V Khomchenko, A Sola, M A Trelles
Chronic lower extremity ulcers (CLEUs) have a high prevalence and are difficult to treat due to their various aetiologies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results achieved in treating CLEUs using an Erbium: YAG (Er:YAG) laser with RecoSMA technology. This laser emits thousands of microbeams of energy causing superficial epidermal ablation and a separation of dermal fibres due to a mechanical-acoustic and resonance effect. The evaluation of the results achieved was carried out by questionnaires completed by 18 patients enrolled in the study...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
Izabela Kaminska, Danek Elbaum, Bozena Sikora, Przemysław Kowalik, Jakub Mikulski, Zofia Felcyn, Piotr Samol, Tomasz Wojciechowski, Roman Minikayev, Wojciech Paszkowicz, Wojciech Zaleszczyk, Maciej Szewczyk, Anna Konopka, Grzegorz Gruzeł, Mirosława Pawlyta, Mikołaj Donten, Kamil Ciszak, Karolina Zajdel, Małgorzata Baniewicz, Piotr Stępień, Mariusz Łapiński, Grzegorz Wilczyński, Krzysztof Fronc
Nanostructures as color-tunable luminescent markers have become major, promising tools for bioimaging and biosensing. The separated molybdate/Gd2O3 doped rare earth ions (erbium, Er(3+) and ytterbium, Yb(3+)) core-shell nanoparticles (NPs), were fabricated by a one step homogeneous precipitation process. Emission properties were studied by cathodo- and photoluminescence. The scanning electron and transmission electron microscopes were used to visualize and to determine the size and shape of the NPs. The spherical NPs were obtained...
November 13, 2017: Nanotechnology
Frank R Field, Timothy J Wallington, Mark P Everson, Randolph E Kirchain
A comprehensive component-level assessment of several strategic and minor metals (SaMMs) including copper, manganese, magnesium, nickel, tin, niobium, light rare earth elements (lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, and samarium), cobalt, silver, tungsten, heavy rare earth elements (yttrium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, and lutetium) and gold use in the 2013 model year Ford Fiesta, Focus, Fusion, and F-150 is presented. Representative material contents in cars and light-duty trucks are estimated using comprehensive, component-level data reported by suppliers...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Renan Mota de Oliveira, Vinicius Matsuzaki de Souza, Camila Machado Esteves, Ynara Bosco de Oliveira Lima-Arsati, Alessandra Cassoni, José Augusto Rodrigues, Aldo Brugnera Junior
BACKGROUND: High power lasers have been suggested as a useful tool for dental caries and erosion prevention due to the increase of enamel acid resistance. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effect of Er,Cr:YSGG (erbium,chromium:yttrium, scandium, gallium, garnet) laser irradiation pulse frequency and power on enamel surface and acid erosion resistance. METHODS: By combining pulse frequency (5-75 Hz) and power settings (0.10-1.00 W), 20 irradiated groups and one nonirradiated control group were tested...
November 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Lei Chen, JianJun Zhou, Aihua Yuan, You Song
Two isostructural mononuclear Dy and Er pentanitrate complexes with an LnO10 coordination geometry have been synthesized and studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, luminescence and magnetic measurements. Slow relaxation of the magnetization behavior is simultaneously observed in two complexes with the same coordination environment, despite the different types of the 4f-shell electron distribution. Meanwhile, both complexes exhibit the respective characteristic Ln(iii) photoluminescence.
November 3, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Diming Xu, Maxim Avdeev, Peter D Battle, D H Ryan
Polycrystalline samples of Ln2CoGe4O12 (Ln = Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho or Er) and LnBCoGe4O12 (B = Sc or Lu) have been prepared and characterised by a combination of magnetometry, (155)Gd Mössbauer spectroscopy and, in the case of Tb2CoGe4O12 and TbScCoGe4O12, neutron diffraction. The holmium- and erbium-containing compositions remain paramagnetic down to 2 K, those containing dysprosium behave as spin glasses and the terbium and gadolinium-containing compounds show long-range magnetic order with transition temperatures below 4 K in all cases...
November 3, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Haritz Iribas, Jon Mariñelarena, Cheng Feng, Javier Urricelqui, Thomas Schneider, Alayn Loayssa
We report on two previously unknown non-local effects that have been found to impair Brillouin optical time-domain analysis (BOTDA) sensors that deploy limited extinction ratio (ER) pump pulses. The first one originates in the increased depletion of the pedestal of the pump pulses by the amplified probe wave, which in turn entails a reduced amplification of the probe and a measurement distortion. The second effect is due to the interplay between the transient response of the erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFA) that are normally deployed to amplify the pump and the pedestal of the pump pulses...
October 30, 2017: Optics Express
Joy Makdisi, Sebastien de Feraudy, Christopher B Zachary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Antonette Rhea, S C Ahila, B Muthu Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Maxillofacial prosthesis are supported by implants, require a retentive matrix to retain the suprastructure. The retentive matrix is made up of acrylic resin to which the silicone prostheses are anchored by micro-mechanical bond. The delamination of silicone away from the retentive matrix is a persisting problem in implant-supported maxillofacial prosthesis. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of laser etching on the shear bond strength (BS) between acrylic resin and maxillofacial silicone, after 24 h of fabrication and after 200 h of accelerated aging...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Mohammad Reza Talebi-Ardakani, Maryam Torshabi, Elahe Karami, Nazanin Vajar, Zeinab Rezaei Esfahrood, Mansour Meimandi, Seyed Masoud Mojahedi
Introduction: The present study compared the effects of erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Er:YAG) laser and hand instrumentation on the attachment of human gingival fibroblast (HGF) cells to periodontally involved root surfaces. Methods: A total of 40 tooth specimens were collected and treated in four distinct groups: scaled and root planed with hand instruments, scaled with Er:YAG laser, treated with a combination of hand instruments and Er:YAG laser and non-treated control group. The attachment and proliferation rate of HGF were assessed using MTT assay and scanning electron microscope (SEM) examination was used for cell morphological evaluation...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Lucky Agarwal, B Naresh Naik, Shweta Tripathi
We achieved doping-induced optical variation in Erbium-doped ZnO (EZO) that may prove to be a promising material for use in optical ring resonators. EZO thin-film samples were deposited on n-type Si substrate via the sol-gel spin-coating technique followed by annealing in air at 500 °C. The doping-induced morphological variations of the deposited thin film were characterized using x-ray diffraction, ellipsometry, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Further, in order to establish the suitability of EZO for optical applications, detailed optical analysis was performed that exhibited that 1 mol% Er-doped ZnO may prove to be suitable material...
October 24, 2017: Nanotechnology
Elisabeth Russe, Martin Purschke, Wikunda Limpiangkanan, William A Farinelli, Ying Wang, Apostolos G Doukas, Fernanda H Sakamoto, Gottfried Wechselberger, Richard Rox Anderson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ablative fractional laser treatment uses thousands of very small laser beam wounds to damage a fraction of the skin, which stimulates tissue remodeling. Each open micro-wound heals without scarring, but the amount of skin tightening achieved is limited. This animal study was performed to test the hypothesis that immediate temporary closure of fractional laser wounds could increase skin tightening after fractional ablative laser treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four adult swine were used for the study; 98 square test sites (3 × 3 cm) were tattooed on the abdomen and flanks of each pig...
October 23, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Deivis Plausinaitis, Aleksandr Prokopchik, Algimantas Karaliunas, Leonid Bohdan, Yuliya Balashevska
This study focused on measurement of lanthanides in surface water (SW) and ground water (GW) samples from the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone. Results showed that the total lanthanide concentration in SW ranges from 500 to 1100ngL(-1) and is about 10 times lower than the GW concentration. The normalized patterns of lanthanide concentrations increase from lighter elements to heavier lanthanides. Concurrently, concentration anomalies of Ce, Eu, and Er are visible. The Er anomaly is the most noticeable and exceeds the theoretical calculation by about 13 times...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Ozge Parlar Oz, Asli Secilmis, Cemal Aydin
BACKGROUND: Glass fiber-reinforced posts have been preferred frequently because of some physical properties similar to the dentin, chemically bonding to dentin, biocompatibility, and esthetics. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the microleakage and bond strength of glass fiber posts cemented with various adhesive systems on laser-etched root canal walls. METHODS: Roots of 120 human mandibular premolars were divided into two groups for push-out bond strength test and the microleakage test (n = 60)...
October 19, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Zhen Wang, Tianshu Wang, Qingsong Jia, Wanzhuo Ma, Qingchao Su, Peng Zhang
We propose and experimentally investigate a multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser (MBFL) with triple frequency spacing by employing a modular structure. In this scheme, we obtain nine channels optimized with frequency spacing of 0.259 nm. The single, double, and triple Brillouin frequency spacing for the MBFL can be easily realized by utilizing this modular structure. The impact of Brillouin pump (BP) power, BP wavelength, and erbium-ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier (EYDFA) output power on the performance of the MBFL is investigated, respectively...
September 10, 2017: Applied Optics
Shubham Mirg, Ankita Jain, Akash Pandey, Pradeep Kumar Krishnamurthy, Pascal Landais
We study the dynamics of chaos in a dual-port erbium-doped fiber ring laser (EDFRL). The laser consists of two erbium-doped fibers, intracavity filters at 1549.32 nm, isolators, and couplers. At both ports, the laser transitions into the chaotic regime for pump currents greater than 100 mA via the period doubling route. We calculate the largest Lyapunov exponent using Rosenstein's algorithm. We obtain positive values for the largest Lyapunov exponent (≈0.2) for embedding dimensions 5, 7, 9, and 11 indicating chaos...
October 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Sarah Kadhim Mohsin Al-Hayali, Dunya Zeki Mohammed, Wurood Abdulkhaleq Khaleel, Abdul Hadi Al-Janabi
We report on aluminum oxide nanoparticles (Al2O3 NPs) as a saturable absorber (SA) for passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) operating at a wavelength of 1560.6 nm within the C-band region. A thin film of Al2O3-SA was prepared using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as a host polymer. Very stable pulses with a 57.8 KHz repetition rate and 5.6 μs pulse width at a threshold pump power of 158 mW were obtained. A 2.8 μs pulse width, 81 kHz pulse repetition rate, with maximum pulse energy of 56.7 nJ at a diode pump power of 330 mW were recorded...
June 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Qingsong Jia, Peng Zhang, Tianshu Wang, Xiaoyan Li, Baoxue Bo
A novel approach to generating 40 GHz narrow linewidth frequency-switched microwave signals is proposed and demonstrated. In this scheme, a single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) double-Brillouin-frequency spaced Brillouin fiber laser with dual-ring configuration and unpumped erbium-doped fiber (EDF) is used to generate dual-wavelength lasers, and a fiber Bragg grating is used to select the laser for different Brillouin frequency spacings. Dual-ring configuration and unpumped EDF are designed to select the mode for the SLM laser...
July 1, 2017: Applied Optics
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