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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351000/age-effects-on-cerebral-oxygenation-and-behavior-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#1
Knarik Tamanyan, Lisa M Walter, Aidan Weichard, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Sarah N Biggs, Rosemary Sc Horne
RATIONALE: Childhood sleep disordered breathing ranges in severity from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea and is associated with behavioral and neurocognitive deficits. It remains unknown why children with primary snoring, who do not experience peripheral oxygen desaturation or sleep fragmentation, experience similar daytime deficits as those with obstructive sleep apnea or why effects are age dependent. OBJECTIVE: To examine cerebral tissue oxygenation and oxygen extraction as an explanation for daytime deficits in children with primary snoring...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350537/cartilage-morphological-and-histological-findings-after-reconstruction-of-the-glenoid-with-an-iliac-crest-bone-graft
#2
Alexander Auffarth, Herbert Resch, Nicholas Matis, Martin Hudelmaier, Wolfgang Wirth, Rosemarie Forstner, Daniel Neureiter, Andreas Traweger, Philipp Moroder
BACKGROUND: The J-bone graft is presumably representative of iliac crest bone grafts in general and allows anatomic glenoid reconstruction in cases of bone defects due to recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder dislocations. As a side effect, these grafts have been observed to be covered by some soft, cartilage-like tissue when arthroscopy has been indicated after such procedures. PURPOSE: To evaluate the soft tissue covering of J-bone grafts by use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histological analysis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348221/assessing-nature-s-contributions-to-people
#3
Sandra Díaz, Unai Pascual, Marie Stenseke, Berta Martín-López, Robert T Watson, Zsolt Molnár, Rosemary Hill, Kai M A Chan, Ivar A Baste, Kate A Brauman, Stephen Polasky, Andrew Church, Mark Lonsdale, Anne Larigauderie, Paul W Leadley, Alexander P E van Oudenhoven, Felice van der Plaat, Matthias Schröter, Sandra Lavorel, Yildiz Aumeeruddy-Thomas, Elena Bukvareva, Kirsten Davies, Sebsebe Demissew, Gunay Erpul, Pierre Failler, Carlos A Guerra, Chad L Hewitt, Hans Keune, Sarah Lindley, Yoshihisa Shirayama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348107/report-regional-variation-in-the-chemical-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-from-china-and-the-mediterranean-region
#4
Bing Wang, Ling Ma, Lei Yin, Jing Chen, Yuanbin Zhang, Lin Dong, Xinhui Zhang, Xueyan Fu
Rosemary is an aromatic evergreen shrubby herb that is native to the Mediterranean region. This herb is now widely cultivated in many regions of the world. Rosemary is widely used in traditional Chinese medicines, foods, nutraceuticals and cosmetics. Hydro distilled essential oils, obtained from rosemary in China and the Mediterranean region, were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Thirty-seven compounds accounting for 94.97%-99.72% of the oils were identified. The majority of the compounds in the essential oils exhibited no significant differences (table 1 and fig...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346401/cd1d-deficiency-inhibits-the-development-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-in-ldl-receptor-deficient-mice
#5
Gijs H M van Puijvelde, Amanda C Foks, Rosemarie E van Bochove, Ilze Bot, Kim L L Habets, Saskia C de Jager, Mariëtte N D Ter Borg, Puck van Osch, Louis Boon, Mariska Vos, Vivian de Waard, Johan Kuiper
An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a dilatation of the abdominal aorta leading to serious complications and mostly to death. AAA development is associated with an accumulation of inflammatory cells in the aorta including NKT cells. An important factor in promoting the recruitment of these inflammatory cells into tissues and thereby contributing to the development of AAA is angiotensin II (Ang II). We demonstrate that a deficiency in CD1d dependent NKT cells under hyperlipidemic conditions (LDLr-/-CD1d-/- mice) results in a strong decline in the severity of angiotensin II induced aneurysm formation when compared with LDLr-/- mice...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343956/essential-oil-loaded-lipid-nanoparticles-for-wound-healing
#6
Francesca Saporito, Giuseppina Sandri, Maria Cristina Bonferoni, Silvia Rossi, Cinzia Boselli, Antonia Icaro Cornaglia, Barbara Mannucci, Pietro Grisoli, Barbara Vigani, Franca Ferrari
Chronic wounds and severe burns are diseases responsible for severe morbidity and even death. Wound repair is a crucial process and tissue regeneration enhancement and infection prevention are key factors to minimize pain, discomfort, and scar formation. The aim of this work was the development of lipid nanoparticles (solid lipid nanoparticles and nanostructured lipid carriers [NLC]), to be loaded with eucalyptus or rosemary essential oils and to be used, as medical devices, to enhance healing of skin wounds...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343295/cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-from-cattle-sharing-the-same-mhc-class-i-haplotype-and-immunized-with-live-theileria-parva-sporozoites-differ-in-antigenic-specificity
#7
Lucilla Steinaa, Nicholas Svitek, Elias Awino, Rosemary Saya, Philip Toye
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess whether cytotoxic T cells (CTL) generated by the live vaccine, known as "ITM Muguga cocktail", which is used for the cattle disease East Cost fever (ECF) in Sub-Saharan Africa, showed a broad reactivity against many different strains of the causative parasite Theileria parva. We also assessed whether immune responses were similar in cattle expressing the same MHC class I haplotypes. RESULTS: The antigenic specificity of CTL from MHC class I-matched cattle vaccinated with the Muguga cocktail were different...
January 17, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342258/insulin-and-estrogen-independently-and-differentially-reduce-macronutrient-intake-in-healthy-men
#8
Rosemarie Krug, Linda Mohwinkel, Bernhard Drotleff, Jan Born, Manfred Hallschmid
Context: Insulin administration to the central nervous system inhibits food intake, but this effect has been found to be less pronounced in female compared to male organisms. This sex-specific pattern has been suggested to arise from a modulating influence of estrogen signaling on the insulin effect. Objective: We assessed in healthy young men whether pre-treatment with transdermal estradiol interacts with the hypophagic effect of central nervous insulin administration via the intranasal pathway...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337103/green-options-for-imparting-antibacterial-functionality-to-cotton-fabrics
#9
Nabil A Ibrahim, Nahed A Abd El-Ghany, Basma M Eid, Eman M Mabrouk
This study demonstrated that antibacterial cellulosic textiles can be fabricated in eco-friendly manner by grafting of monochlorotriazinyl β-cyclodextin (MCT-βCD) onto knitted and woven cotton fabrics followed by post-loading of any of the green active ingredients namely Rosemary oil, Lavender oil, Clove oil, Cinnamon oil, Aloe vera gel, Vanillin, Ag-ions, Natural Yellow 7 and Natural Red 25 dyes into the hydrophobic cavities of grafted β-CD moieties. Some of the grafted, post-loaded fabric samples were characterized by FTIR, SEM, and EDS analysis...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337097/physical-and-antimicrobial-properties-of-starch-carboxy-methyl-cellulose-film-containing-rosemary-essential-oils-encapsulated-in-chitosan-nanogel
#10
Nafiseh Mohsenabadi, Ahmad Rajaei, Meisam Tabatabaei, Afshin Mohsenifar
This study was set to prepare a new active film by using a biodegradable bio-based source, i.e., corn starch. To achieve that, benzoic acid (BA) and chitosan (CS) were covalently bound and CS-BA nanogel was then obtained using self-assembly method. Subsequently, rosemary essential oil (REO) was encapsulated in CS-BA nanogel. Finally, REO in both free and encapsulated forms were incorporated in starch-carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC) films and their physical, mechanical and antimicrobial properties were studied...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334790/cognitive-work-hardening-for-return-to-work-following-depression-an-intervention-study-le-r%C3%A3-entra%C3%A3-nement-cognitif-au-travail-pour-favoriser-le-retour-au-travail-%C3%A3-la-suite-d-une-d%C3%A3-pression-%C3%A3-tude-d-intervention
#11
Adeena Wisenthal, Terry Krupa, Bonnie H Kirsh, Rosemary Lysaght
BACKGROUND: Work absences due to depression are prevalent; however, few interventions exist to address the return-to-work challenges following a depressive episode. PURPOSE: This mixed-methods study aimed to (a) evaluate the effectiveness of cognitive work hardening in preparing people with depression to return to work and (b) identify key elements of the intervention. METHOD: A single group ( n = 21) pretest-posttest study design was used incorporating self-report measures (Work Ability Index, Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue, Beck Depression Inventory II) with interviews at intervention completion and at 3-month follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332491/relationship-a-symmetries-and-violence-comparing-intimates-and-nonpartners
#12
Elizabeth Griffiths, Carolyn Yule, Rosemary Gartner
Violence between social equals differs in character from violence between persons in asymmetrical relationships. Specifically, issues of contention motivating violence vary by the relative status of opponents, such that violence over symbolic issues is more common between symmetrical than asymmetrical opponents. Recent studies have substantiated these predictions in nonpartner relationships. Using data from interviews of incarcerated women, this study explores how intimate partner violence compares with violence between nonpartner opponents...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331041/effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-the-healing-of-sites-grafted-with-coagulum-deproteinized-bovine-bone-and-biphasic-ceramic-made-of-hydroxyapatite-and-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-in-vivo-study-in-rats
#13
Guilherme J P L de Oliveira, Maurício A T Aroni, Marcell C Medeiros, Elcio Marcantonio, Rosemary A C Marcantonio
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the healing of biomaterial graft areas (i.e., coagulum, deproteinized bovine bone, and biphasic ceramics comprising hydroxyapatite and β-tricalcium phosphate). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety rats were divided into two groups according to laser irradiation use (λ 808 nm, 100 mW, φ ∼600 μm, seven sessions with 28 J of irradiation dose in total): a laser group and a control group...
January 13, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330815/supplementing-dietary-rosemary-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-powder-and-vitamin-e-in-broiler-chickens-evaluation-of-humoral-immune-response-lymphoid-organs-and-blood-proteins
#14
Hossein Rostami, Alireza Seidavi, Mohammad Dadashbeiki, Yadollah Asadpour, João Simões, Assar Ali Shah, Vito Laudadio, Caterina Losacco, Antonella Perillo, Vincenzo Tufarelli
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) powder (RP) and vitamin E (VE) at different levels on humoral immunity of broilers during a 42-day production cycle. A total of 270 1-day-old male chicks were assigned to nine groups with three replicates of ten birds each, and diets were supplemented with 0, 0.5, or 1.0% RP and 0, 100, or 200 mg/kg VE, respectively. Commercial-inactivated vaccines against avian influenza (AI) and Newcastle disease (ND) viruses, and living infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) vaccine were administered by spray method...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327407/bioavailability-and-metabolism-of-rosemary-infusion-polyphenols-using-caco-2-and-hepg2-cell-model-systems
#15
Mariem Achour, Saad Saguem, Beatriz Sarriá, Laura Bravo, Raquel Mateos
BACKGROUND: Rosmarinus officinalis is an aromatic plant used in folk medicine due to the therapeutic properties associated to its phenolic composition, rich in rosmarinic acid (RA) and caffeic acid (CA). To better understand the bioactivity of these compounds, their absorption and metabolism were assessed in human Caco-2 and HepG2 cells, as small intestine and liver models, respectively, using RA and CA standards, as well as a rosemary infusion and ferulic acid (FA). RESULTS: Test compounds were partially up-taken and metabolized by Caco-2 and HepG2 cells, although higher metabolization rate was observed after hepatic incubation than intestinal...
January 12, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327162/explication-of-a-behavioral-health-primary-care-integration-learning-collaborative-and-its-quality-improvement-implications
#16
Martha Okafor, Victor Ede, Rosemary Kinuthia, David Satcher
In an effort to tackle fragmented care in the US healthcare delivery system, we explored the use of learning collaborative (LC) to advance integration of behavioral health and primary care as one of the potential solutions to a holistic approach to the delivery of quality healthcare to individuals with physical and mental illness. How a diverse group of primary care and behavioral health providers formed a Community of Practice (CoP) with a common purpose and shared vision to advance integrated care using a LC approach is described...
January 11, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324945/health-advocacy-by-nurses-in-the-family-health-strategy-barriers-and-facilitators
#17
Aline Belletti Figueira, Edison Luiz Devos Barlem, Simone Coelho Amestoy, Rosemary Silva da Silveira, Jamila Geri Tomaschewski-Barlem, Aline Marcelino Ramos
OBJECTIVE: Identify the barriers and facilitators of health advocacy to users delivered by nurses from the Family Health Strategy. METHOD: Qualitative study carried out with nurses from the Family Health Strategy of a city in the south of Brazil. Study participants were 15 nurses, who were interviewed. The content of the interviews was recorded, transcribed and analyzed in the light of the discursive text analysis. RESULTS: Two categories emerged, one about the lack of organization at the workplace, bureaucracy and limitations to professional work in health environments, and another about the facilitating aspects to exercise advocacy both individually and collectively...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323667/making-new-genetic-diagnoses-with-old-data-iterative-reanalysis-and-reporting-from-genome-wide-data-in-1-133-families-with-developmental-disorders
#18
Caroline F Wright, Jeremy F McRae, Stephen Clayton, Giuseppe Gallone, Stuart Aitken, Tomas W FitzGerald, Philip Jones, Elena Prigmore, Diana Rajan, Jenny Lord, Alejandro Sifrim, Rosemary Kelsell, Michael J Parker, Jeffrey C Barrett, Matthew E Hurles, David R FitzPatrick, Helen V Firth
PurposeGiven the rapid pace of discovery in rare disease genomics, it is likely that improvements in diagnostic yield can be made by systematically reanalyzing previously generated genomic sequence data in light of new knowledge.MethodsWe tested this hypothesis in the United Kingdom-wide Deciphering Developmental Disorders study, where in 2014 we reported a diagnostic yield of 27% through whole-exome sequencing of 1,133 children with severe developmental disorders and their parents. We reanalyzed existing data using improved variant calling methodologies, novel variant detection algorithms, updated variant annotation, evidence-based filtering strategies, and newly discovered disease-associated genes...
January 11, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322644/rosemary-castor-oils-and-propolis-extract-activity-against-candida-albicans-and-alterations-on-properties-of-dental-acrylic-resins
#19
Daiane Heidrich, Carmen Beatriz Borges Fortes, Aline Taís Mallmann, Clarissa Machado Vargas, Paula Borges Arndt, Maria Lúcia Scroferneker
PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vitro activity of 8% rosemary, 2% castor oils, and 12% propolis glycolic extract against Candida albicans, as well as the physical changes of properties in colorless and pink acrylic resins after immersion in these liquids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Colorimetric, roughness, and Knoop microhardness assays were evaluated in 25 specimens distributed into five groups (3 test groups and 2 control groups - distilled water and hypochlorite 1%), totaling five specimens per group for each acrylic resin (colorless and pink)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319466/opioids-for-serious-illness-during-pregnancy-344
#20
Kasey L Malotte, Rosemarie Hirsch, Hunter Groninger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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