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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820957/the-association-between-pregnancy-intention-and-breastfeeding
#1
Shimrit Keddem, Rosemary Frasso, Melissa Dichter, Alexandra Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Although breastfeeding is associated with proven benefits to both mother and child, there are many factors that influence a mother's decision to breastfeed. Pregnancy intentionality at the time of conception is associated with postpartum maternal behavior including breastfeeding. Research aim: We sought to understand how maternal and paternal pregnancy intentions were associated with breastfeeding initiation and duration in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional, retrospective study of the CDC National Survey of Family Growth data to examine the link between pregnancy intentionality and breastfeeding initiation and duration among women ages 15 to 44 years...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820881/vector-competence-of-populations-of-aedes-aegypti-from-three-distinct-cities-in-kenya-for-chikungunya-virus
#2
Sheila B Agha, Edith Chepkorir, Francis Mulwa, Caroline Tigoi, Samwel Arum, Milehna M Guarido, Peris Ambala, Betty Chelangat, Joel Lutomiah, David P Tchouassi, Michael J Turell, Rosemary Sang
BACKGROUND: In April, 2004, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) re-emerged in Kenya and eventually spread to the islands in the Indian Ocean basin, South-East Asia, and the Americas. The virus, which is often associated with high levels of viremia in humans, is mostly transmitted by the urban vector, Aedes aegypti. The expansion of CHIKV presents a public health challenge both locally and internationally. In this study, we investigated the ability of Ae. aegypti mosquitoes from three distinct cities in Kenya; Mombasa (outbreak prone), Kisumu, and Nairobi (no documented outbreak) to transmit CHIKV...
August 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820760/theory-driven-integrative-process-outcome-evaluation-of-a-concept-based-nursing-curriculum
#3
Rosemary F Fromer
The study aim was to evaluate the effects of concept-based learning by comparing ATI Nursing Education test scores for a traditional curriculum and a concept-based curriculum. The study also examined effects of the concept-based curriculum on critical thinking and motivation. No statistically significant differences were noted in ATI scores for the two groups; students neither agreed nor disagreed that they were engaged in critical thinking but did agree with motivation statements. Faculty were surveyed about their approach to teaching...
September 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817722/nicotinamide-alone-accelerates-the-conversion-of-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-into-mature-neuronal-populations
#4
Síle M Griffin, Mark R Pickard, Rowan P Orme, Clive P Hawkins, Adrian C Williams, Rosemary A Fricker
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin B3 has been shown to play an important role during embryogenesis. Specifically, there is growing evidence that nicotinamide, the biologically active form of vitamin B3, plays a critical role as a morphogen in the differentiation of stem cells to mature cell phenotypes, including those of the central nervous system (CNS). Detailed knowledge of the action of small molecules during neuronal differentiation is not only critical for uncovering mechanisms underlying lineage-specification, but also to establish more effective differentiation protocols to obtain clinically relevant cells for regenerative therapies for neurodegenerative conditions such as Huntington's disease (HD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817641/honey-bee-apis-mellifera-colony-health-and-pathogen-composition-in-migratory-beekeeping-operations-involved-in-california-almond-pollination
#5
William Glenny, Ian Cavigli, Katie F Daughenbaugh, Rosemarie Radford, Susan E Kegley, Michelle L Flenniken
Honey bees are important pollinators of agricultural crops. Pathogens and other factors have been implicated in high annual losses of honey bee colonies in North America and some European countries. To further investigate the relationship between multiple factors, including pathogen prevalence and abundance and colony health, we monitored commercially managed migratory honey bee colonies involved in California almond pollination in 2014. At each sampling event, honey bee colony health was assessed, using colony population size as a proxy for health, and the prevalence and abundance of seven honey bee pathogens was evaluated using PCR and quantitative PCR, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817563/assessment-of-risk-of-dengue-and-yellow-fever-virus-transmission-in-three-major-kenyan-cities-based-on-stegomyia-indices
#6
Sheila B Agha, David P Tchouassi, Armanda D S Bastos, Rosemary Sang
Dengue (DEN) and yellow fever (YF) are re-emerging in East Africa, with contributing drivers to this trend being unplanned urbanization and increasingly adaptable anthropophilic Aedes (Stegomyia) vectors. Entomological risk assessment of these diseases remains scarce for much of East Africa and Kenya even in the dengue fever-prone urban coastal areas. Focusing on major urban cities of Kenya, we compared DEN and YF risk in Kilifi County (DEN-outbreak-prone), and Kisumu and Nairobi Counties (no documented DEN outbreaks)...
August 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817477/transitioning-to-the-dnp-ensuring-integrity-of-the-curriculum-through-curriculum-mapping
#7
Pamela F Levin, Rosemarie Suhayda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814109/older-adults-in-rural-appalachia-preference-and-expectations-for-future-care
#8
Raven H Weaver, Karen A Roberto, Rosemary Blieszner
Little is known about how rural-dwelling older adults anticipate and plan for future care needs. Using a mixed-method explanatory design, structural equation modeling ( n = 535) revealed significant associations between concerns about using services on preference for type of help; preference was associated with likelihood of using future services. Content analysis of interview data from 19 older adults who needed but were not receiving help revealed how they conceptualize their need for assistance and anticipated future care arrangements...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809387/accuracy-and-safety-of-the-cytosponge-for-assessing-histologic-activity-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-two-center-study
#9
David A Katzka, Thomas C Smyrk, Jeffrey A Alexander, Debra M Geno, RoseMary A Beitia, Audrey O Chang, Nicholas J Shaheen, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, Evan S Dellon
OBJECTIVES: Management of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) requires repeated endoscopic mucosal sampling to assess disease activity. A less invasive and expensive means of monitoring of EoE is required. The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy, safety, and tolerability of the cytosponge compared to endoscopy and biopsy for histologic assessment of EoE. METHODS: In this prospective two-center cross-sectional study, patients with known EoE underwent cytosponge sampling followed by endoscopy and biopsy...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808140/amyloid-%C3%AE-and-islet-amyloid-pathologies-link-alzheimer-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-in-a-transgenic-model
#10
Nadeeja Wijesekara, Rosemary Ahrens, Miheer Sabale, Ling Wu, Kathy Ha, Giuseppe Verdile, Paul E Fraser
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) present a significant risk to each other. AD and T2D are characterized by deposition of cerebral amyloid-β (Aβ) and pancreatic human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP), respectively. We investigated the role of amyloidogenic proteins in the interplay between these diseases. A novel double transgenic mouse model combining T2D and AD was generated and characterized. AD-related amyloid transgenic mice coexpressing hIAPP displayed peripheral insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and glucose intolerance...
August 14, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806955/reducing-the-socioeconomic-gradient-in-uptake-of-the-nhs-bowel-cancer-screening-programme-using-a-simplified-supplementary-information-leaflet-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#11
Samuel G Smith, Jane Wardle, Wendy Atkin, Rosalind Raine, Lesley M McGregor, Gemma Vart, Steve Morris, Stephen W Duffy, Susan Moss, Allan Hackshaw, Stephen Halloran, Ines Kralj-Hans, Rosemary Howe, Julia Snowball, Graham Handley, Richard F Logan, Sandra Rainbow, Steve Smith, Mary Thomas, Nicholas Counsell, Christian von Wagner
BACKGROUND: Uptake of colorectal cancer screening is low in the English NHS Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (BCSP). Participation in screening is strongly associated with socioeconomic status. The aim of this study was to determine whether a supplementary leaflet providing the 'gist' of guaiac-based Faecal Occult Blood test (gFOBt) screening for colorectal cancer could reduce the socioeconomic status (SES) gradient in uptake in the English NHS BCSP. METHODS: The trial was integrated within routine BCSP operations in November 2012...
August 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805068/medication-errors-and-trainees-advice-for-learners-and-organizations
#12
James S Wheeler, Rosemary Duncan, Kenneth Hohmeier
Limited information exists regarding medication errors and trainees (students or residents). Yet during the experiential education component of their training, learners are expected to assume significant responsibilities in the medication use process. This commentary addresses both trainees and organization leaders on medication safety practices and the incorporation of learners into the organization's medication safety culture.
August 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802575/military-experience-can-influence-women-s-eating-habits
#13
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Andrea Nevedal, Julie V Dinh, Shira Maguen
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating, ranging from occasional binge eating or restriction to behaviors associated with eating disorder diagnoses, is common among military personnel and veterans. However, there is little information on how military service affects eating habits. OBJECTIVE: To describe possible pathways between military service and disordered eating among women veterans, a high risk group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty women veterans who reported changing eating habits in response to stress participated in audio-recorded focus groups or dyadic interviews between April 2013 and October 2014...
August 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801682/water-ingestion-decreases-cardiac-workload-time-dependent-in-healthy-adults-with-no-effect-of-gender
#14
Cathriona Rosemary Monnard, Erik Konrad Grasser
Ingestion of water entails a variety of cardiovascular responses. However, the precise effect remains elusive. We aimed to determine in healthy adults the effect of water on cardiac workload and to investigate potential gender differences. We pooled data from two controlled studies where blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were continuously recorded before and after the ingestion of 355 mL of tap water. Additionally, we calculated double product by multiplying systolic BP with HR and evaluated spectral parameters referring to vagal tone...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801165/child-care-health-consultation-improves-infant-and-toddler-care
#15
Rosemary Johnston, Beth A DelConte, Libby Ungvary, Richard Fiene, Susan S Aronson
INTRODUCTION: Many families enroll their infants and toddlers in early education and child care programs. The Pennsylvania Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics recruited 32 child care centers that care for infants and toddlers to be linked with a child care health consultant (CCHC). METHOD: Project staff assigned the centers alternately to an immediate intervention or a 1-year delayed intervention (contrast) group. At entry into the project, and then 1 and 2 years later, an evaluator assessed center compliance with 13 standards for infants and toddler care selected from Caring for Our Children: National Health and Safety Performance Standards (3rd ed...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796763/national-and-state-estimates-of-the-numbers-of-adults-and-children-with-active-epilepsy-united-states-2015
#16
Matthew M Zack, Rosemarie Kobau
Epilepsy, a brain disorder leading to recurring seizures, has garnered increased public health focus because persons with epilepsy experience pronounced and persistent health and socioeconomic disparities despite treatment advances, public awareness programs, and expanded rights for persons with disabilities (1,2). For almost all states, epilepsy prevalence estimates do not exist. CDC used national data sources including the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults (aged ≥18 years), the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), and the 2015 Current Population Survey data, describing 2014 income levels, to estimate prevalent cases of active epilepsy, overall and by state, to provide information for state public health planning...
August 11, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796392/natural-history-of-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-during-childhood
#17
Kayla Md Cornett, Manoj P Menezes, Rosemary R Shy, Isabella Moroni, Emanuela Pagliano, Davide Pareyson, Timothy Estilow, Sabrina W Yum, Trupti Bhandari, Francesco Muntoni, Matilde Laura, Mary M Reilly, Richard S Finkel, Kate J Eichinger, David N Herrmann, Paula Bray, Mark Halaki, Michael E Shy, Joshua Burns
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of disease progression in a longitudinal natural history study of children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). METHODS: 206 (103 female) participants aged 3-20 years enrolled in the Inherited Neuropathies Consortium were assessed at baseline and 2-years. Demographic, anthropometric, and diagnostic information were collected. Disease progression was assessed with the CMT Pediatric Scale (CMTPedS), a reliable Rasch-built linearly weighted disability scale evaluating fine and gross motor function, strength, sensation, and balance...
August 10, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792770/proteomic-analysis-of-brain-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-from-the-three-major-forms-of-neuronal-ceroid-lipofuscinosis-reveals-potential-biomarkers
#18
David E Sleat, Abla Tannous, Istvan Sohar, Jennifer A Wiseman, Haiyan Zheng, Meiqian Qian, Caifeng Zhou, Winnie Xin, Rosemary Barone, Katherine B Sims, Dirk F Moore, Peter Lobel
Clinical trials have been conducted for the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs), a group of neurodegenerative lysosomal diseases that primarily affect children. While clinical rating systems will evaluate long-term efficacy, biomarkers to measure short-term response to treatment would be extremely valuable. To identify candidate biomarkers, we analyzed autopsy brain and matching CSF samples from controls and three genetically distinct NCLs due to deficiencies in palmitoyl protein thioesterase 1 (CLN1 disease), tripeptidyl peptidase 1 (CLN2 disease) and CLN3 protein (CLN3 disease)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782296/combining-anti-ige-with-oral-immunotherapy
#19
REVIEW
Chunrong Lin, Ivan T Lee, Vanitha Sampath, Chitra Dinakar, Rosemarie H DeKruyff, Lynda C Schneider, Kari C Nadeau
Food allergy is a significant medical problem that affects up to 8% of children in developed countries. At present, there are no curative therapies available in routine practice and management of food allergy involves strict allergen avoidance, education, and prompt treatment upon accidental exposure. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is an efficacious experimental approach to food allergy and has been shown to provide a substantial benefit in terms of allergen desensitization. However, OIT is associated with high rates of allergic reactions, and the period of protection offered by OIT appears to be limited and highly variable...
August 7, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772407/comparative-analysis-of-the-composition-and-active-property-evaluation-of-certain-essential-oils-to-assess-their-potential-applications-in-active-food-packaging
#20
Cornelia Vasile, Morten Sivertsvik, Amalia Carmen Miteluţ, Mihai Adrian Brebu, Elena Stoleru, Jan Thomas Rosnes, Elisabeta Elena Tănase, Waqas Khan, Daniela Pamfil, Călina Petruţa Cornea, Anamaria Irimia, Mona Elena Popa
The antifungal, antibacterial, and antioxidant activity of four commercial essential oils (EOs) (thyme, clove, rosemary, and tea tree) from Romanian production were studied in order to assess them as bioactive compounds for active food packaging applications. The chemical composition of the oils was determined with the Folin-Ciocâlteu method and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry and flame ionization detectors, and it was found that they respect the AFNOR/ISO standard limits. The EOs were tested against three food spoilage fungi-Fusarium graminearum, Penicillium corylophilum, and Aspergillus brasiliensis-and three potential pathogenic food bacteria-Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Listeria monocytogenes-using the disc diffusion method...
January 7, 2017: Materials
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