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Curriculum based community

Nicole M Sachs, Joel Miller
The specific responsivity principle advises us to provide offenders with treatment that takes into account their responsiveness to treatment, tied for example to their learning style, motivation, and gender. We examine challenges to service engagement and attendance in a community-based program in a reentry setting, and consider how far they correspond with these factors. Drawing on qualitative accounts of parolee engagement in services provided by parolees, service providers, case managers, and parole officers, we identify a number of difficulties faced by clients...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Maretha Visser, Tonya R Thurman, Alexandra Spyrelis, Tory M Taylor, Johanna K Nice, Michelle Finestone
Preventing HIV among young people is critical to achieving and sustaining global epidemic control. Evidence from Western settings suggests that family-centred prevention interventions may be associated with greater reductions in risk behaviour than standard adolescent-only models. Despite this, family-centred models for adolescent HIV prevention are nearly non-existent in South Africa - home to more people living with HIV than any other country. This paper describes the development and formative evaluation of one such intervention: an evidence-informed, locally relevant, adolescent prevention intervention engaging caregivers as co-participants...
March 6, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Samantha Shawley-Brzoska, Ranjita Misra
This study examined the perceptions of benefits of and barriers to participating in a community-based diabetes program to improve program effectiveness. The Diabetes Prevention and Management (DPM) program was a twenty-two session, 1-year program, modeled after the evidence-based National Diabetes Prevention Program and AADE7 Self-Care Behaviors framework. Community-based participatory research approach was used to culturally tailor the curriculum. Participants included overweight or obese adults with dysglycemia...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Michael McKay, Ashley Agus, Jonathan Cole, Paul Doherty, David Foxcroft, Séamus Harvey, Lynn Murphy, Andrew Percy, Harry Sumnall
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a combined classroom curriculum and parental intervention (the Steps Towards Alcohol Misuse Prevention Programme (STAMPP)), compared with alcohol education as normal (EAN), in reducing self-reported heavy episodic drinking (HED) and alcohol-related harms (ARHs) in adolescents. SETTING: 105 high schools in Northern Ireland (NI) and in Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: Schools were stratified by free school meal provision...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Nataliya Omelchenko, Karen L Saban, Pamela Andresen, Audrey Klopp, Janice Lau
The purpose of this project was to develop a community-based volunteer group of peer educators to provide stroke education to local residents aimed at increasing stroke awareness and action readiness using the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association's "Empowered to Serve" evidence-based curriculum. The "Don't Miss a Stroke" module addresses the recognition of stroke warning signs, actions to take during a stroke, and stroke prevention. A total of 16 volunteers were recruited and subsequently trained...
April 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Nam S Hoang, James N Lau
Competency-based medical education (CBME) has been the subject of heated debate since its inception in medical education. Despite the many challenges and pitfalls of CBME that have been recognized by the medical education community, CBME is now seeing widespread implementation. However, the biggest problems with CBME still have not been solved. Two of these problems, reductionism and loss of authenticity, present major challenges when developing curricula and assessment tools.The authors address these problems by making a call for flexibility in competency definitions and for the use of mixed methods in CBME...
March 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Cynthia Kratzke, Satya Rao, Ruben Marquez
Although adult health advocacy programs have been examined in communities, little is known about integrated adolescent health advocacy programs in high schools. The purpose of this study was to examine the health advocacy program impact and ethnic differences among high school students. Using a cross-sectional study, high school students participating in the school-based program completed evaluation surveys. The program domains included upstream causes of health, community assets, and public health advocacy...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Yuqing Guo, Julie Rousseau, Patricia Renno, Priscilla Kehoe, Monique Daviss, Sara Flores, Kathleen Saunders, Susanne Phillips, Irene Chen, Ho-Si Ng, Lorraine S Evangelista
An Emotional Health Curriculum (EHC) was developed to promote positive mental health in primarily Hispanic elementary school-aged children. In order to further expand the EHC, the mothers' experiences with the curriculum were examined. Eighteen mothers participated in two focus groups. Mothers reported that they valued this curriculum as a preventive program. Importantly, all mothers wished to extend their involvement to not only assisting their child in completing the curriculum homework but also attending a proposed parenting program...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Yuqing Guo, Julie Rousseau, Patricia Renno, Priscilla Kehoe, Monique Daviss, Sara Flores, Kathleen Saunders, Susanne Phillips, Mindy Chin, Lorraine S Evangelista
PROBLEM: Hispanic children have greater mental health challenges but fewer received mental health services than other ethnic groups. A classroom-based Emotional Health Curriculum (EHC) was developed to address mental health disparities in an underserved Hispanic community. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with one group pre- and post-intervention was used to test the feasibility of an 8-week EHC for one hundred 3rd and 4th grade children in a dual-immersion Spanish-English elementary school...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Tara J Schapmire, Barbara A Head, Whitney A Nash, Pamela A Yankeelov, Christian D Furman, R Brent Wright, Rangaraj Gopalraj, Barbara Gordon, Karen P Black, Carol Jones, Madri Hall-Faul, Anna C Faul
A fragmented workforce consisting of multiple disciplines with varying levels of training and limited ability to work as a team often provides care to older adults. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential for preparing practitioners for the effective teamwork required for community-based, holistic, person-centered care of the older adults. Despite numerous programs and offerings to advance education and interdisciplinary patient care, there is an unmet need for geriatric IPE, especially as it relates to community-dwelling older adults and caregivers in medically underserved areas...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Nadia Minian, Wayne K deRuiter, Mathangee Lingam, Tricia Corrin, Rosa Dragonetti, Heather Manson, Valerie H Taylor, Laurie Zawertailo, Arezoo Ebnahmady, Osnat C Melamed, Terri Rodak, Margaret Hahn, Peter Selby
BACKGROUND: Health behaviors directly impact the health of individuals, and populations. Since individuals tend to engage in multiple unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, excessive alcohol use, physical inactivity, and eating an unhealthy diet simultaneously, many large community-based interventions have been implemented to reduce the burden of disease through the modification of multiple health behaviors. Smoking cessation can be particularly challenging as the odds of becoming dependent on nicotine increase with every unhealthy behavior a smoker exhibits...
March 1, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Daniel Fernandes Mello De Oliveira, Breno C C Simas, Adrian Lucca Guimarães Caldeira, Augusto De Galvão E Brito Medeiros, Marise Reis Freitas, José Diniz, Rosiane Diniz
INTRODUCTION: The Medical School of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) is one of the biggest public medical schools in Northeast Brazil. In the last decade, significant investment in faculty development, innovative learning methodologies and student engagement has been key milestones in educational improvement at this medical school, harnessed to recent political changes that strengthened community-based and emergency education. This study describes how curriculum changes in UFRN Medical School have been responsible for major improvements in medical education locally and which impacts such transformations may have on the educational community...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
Navin Mukundu Nagesh, Bogdan Chiva Giurca, Suzy Lishman
The trends in modern undergraduate medical education focus on a patient-centred approach through problem-based learning over the traditional modular curriculum. Integrating pathology into this style of learning has resulted in the dilution of core scientific principles which may have contributed to reduced understanding and interest in the subject. We aim to innovate pathology education by utilising National Pathology Week which is organised by the Royal College of Pathologists to develop the public engagement model which empowers students to learn pathology by teaching the public...
February 27, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Mercedes M Morales-Alemán, Artisha Moore, Isabel C Scarinci
African Americans are disproportionately affected by diabetes and colorectal cancer. Although studies have shown the effectiveness of spiritually based health interventions delivered by community health workers to African Americans, few have described the development of the capacity-building component. This article describes this process. The development of the Healthy Congregations Healthy Communities Program (HCHC) was guided through a community-based participatory research lens and included: 1) establishment of a community coalition; 2) identification by coalition members of churches as the best venues for health promotion strategies among African Americans; 3) recruitment of churches; 4) development of a training manual; 5) recruitment and training of congregational health leaders (CHLs); and 6) "Passing of the torch" from the coalition to the CHLs who implemented the intervention in their congregations...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
Tarun Sen Gupta, Peter Johnson, Roy Rasalam, Richard Hays
BACKGROUND: James Cook University (JCU) enrolled its first cohort of 64 in 2000 into a 6-year undergraduate medical program aimed at producing graduates capable of meeting the needs of North Queensland, Australia, with a focus on rural, remote, Indigenous and tropical health. The school's 1465 graduates over 13 cohorts who have a pattern of practice likely to meet the region's health needs. The JCU course was the first new Australian medical program for 25 years. The number of Australian medical schools has since doubled, while enrollments have almost tripled...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
Elliot M Ross, Theodore T Redman, Julian G Mapp, Derek J Brown, Kaori Tanaka, Craig W Cooley, Chetan U Kharod, David A Wampler
BACKGROUND: The "Stop the Bleed" campaign advocates for non-medical personnel to be trained in basic hemorrhage control. However, it is not clear what type of education or the duration of instruction needed to meet that requirement. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a brief hemorrhage control educational curriculum on the willingness of laypersons to respond during a traumatic emergency. METHODS: This "Stop the Bleed" education initiative was conducted by the University of Texas Health San Antonio Office of the Medical Director (San Antonio, Texas USA) between September 2016 and March 2017...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Maria Monroe-DeVita, Gary Morse, Kim T Mueser, Gregory J McHugo, Haiyi Xie, Kevin A Hallgren, Roselyn Peterson, Joris Miller, Christopher Akiba, Mary York, Susan Gingerich, Bryan Stiles
OBJECTIVE: In a pilot feasibility and effectiveness study, illness management and recovery (IMR), a curriculum-based program to help people with serious mental illness pursue personal recovery goals, was integrated into assertive community treatment (ACT) to improve participants' recovery and functioning. METHODS: A small-scale cluster randomized controlled design was used to test implementation of IMR within ACT teams in two states. Eight high-fidelity ACT teams were assigned to provide IMR (ACT+IMR; four teams) or standard ACT services (ACT only; four teams)...
February 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Laura M Bogart, Chong-Min Fu, Jodi Eyraud, Burton O Cowgill, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Kimberly Uyeda, David J Klein, Marc N Elliott, Mark A Schuster
Few evidence-based school obesity-prevention programs are disseminated. We used community-based participatory research principles to disseminate an evidence-based middle-school obesity-prevention program, Students for Nutrition and eXercise (SNaX), to a large, primarily Latino, school district. In the 2014-2015 school year, we trained a district "champion" to provide training and technical assistance to schools and supplied print- and web-based materials ( In one district region, 18 of 26 schools agreed to participate...
February 12, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Michael Dombek, Carlos A Lopez, Zhongqing Han, Alyssa Lungarini, Nicole Santos, Steven Schwaitzberg, Caroline Cao, Daniel B Jones, Suvranu De, Jaisa Olasky
BACKGROUND: The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) has developed the fundamental use of surgical energy (FUSE) didactic curriculum in order to further understanding of the safe use of surgical energy. The virtual electrosurgical skill trainer (VEST) is being developed as a complementary simulation-based curriculum, with several modules already existing. Subsequently, a new VEST module has been developed about dispersive electrode placement. The purpose of this study is to assess knowledge about dispersive electrode placement in surgeons and surgical trainees in addition to describing a new VEST module...
February 13, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Sushma Bhatnagar, Anuradha Patel, Srinivasa N Raja
Background: Pain medicine is a developing specialty, aimed at relieving pain and suffering, enhancing function, and improving the quality of life of patients. Pain is often ignored, under-reported and mismanaged by health-care providers. Aspiring pain physicians in India face many challenges and barriers in advancing their specialty. Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the challenges in establishing a pain practice in India and to discuss the opportunities and strategies to overcome these barriers...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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