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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426678/nutrition-education-improves-dietary-diversity-of-children-6-23-months-at-community-level-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-malawi
#1
Judith Kuchenbecker, Anika Reinbott, Beatrice Mtimuni, Michael B Krawinkel, Irmgard Jordan
BACKGROUND: Low dietary quality and quantity and inappropriate feeding practices can cause undernutrition. Poor nutritional status in early childhood is associated with growth faltering. The objective of the study was to assess the potential of community-based nutrition education to improve height-for-age z-scores in children 6-23 months of age. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We carried out a cluster-randomized-controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of nutrition education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424743/towards-bi-inclusive-policies-suggestions-based-on-research-on-dutch-same-sex-attracted-young-people
#2
Jantine van Lisdonk, Saskia Keuzenkamp
Dutch national LGBT policies are not bi-inclusive and this study provides suggestions for improvement, based on empirical research. Attention for bisexuality in policy appears simply to pay lip service and to endorse the construction of sexual orientation as a hetero/homo binary. The outcomes of our survey (n = 1449) and in-depth interviews (n = 38) of Dutch same-sex attracted young people suggest that special attention for bisexual people is warranted. Compared to exclusively same-sex attracted participants, the equally both-sex attracted participants scored worse on openness about their sexual attraction, visibility discomfort, perceived acceptance, and suicide attempts...
2017: Sexuality Research & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424194/common-care-practices-among-effective-community-based-specialist-palliative-care-teams-a-qualitative-study
#3
Hsien Seow, Daryl Bainbridge, Melissa Brouwers, Deanna Bryant, Sue Tan Toyofuku, Mary Lou Kelley
OBJECTIVE: Evidence has shown that, despite wide variation in models of care, community-based specialist palliative care teams can improve outcomes and reduce acute care use at end of life. The goal of this study was to explore similarities in care practices among effective and diverse specialist teams to inform the development of other community-based teams. METHODS: Interviews with 78 providers and administrators from 11 distinct community-based specialist palliative care teams from Ontario, Canada were conducted...
April 19, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424046/perspectives-of-policy-makers-and-stakeholders-about-health-care-waste-management-in-community-based-care-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#4
Lydia Hangulu, Olagoke Akintola
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, a new primary health care (PHC) re-engineering initiative aims to scale up the provision of community-based care (CBC). A central element in this initiative is the use of outreach teams comprising nurses and community health workers to provide care to the largely poor and marginalised communities across the country. The provision of care will inevitably lead to an increase in the amount of health care waste (HCW) generated in homes and suggests the need to pay more attention to the HCW that emanates from homes where there is care of a patient...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423817/persona-development-and-educational-needs-to-support-informal-caregivers
#5
Zeina Al Awar, Craig Kuziemsky
Informal caregivers are playing an increasing role in community based care delivery. Research is needed that looks at the educational needs of informal caregivers as a precursor to HIT design to support community care delivery. A challenge is informal caregivers have very diverse educational needs. Personas are an approach to describe user characteristics as part of systems design and this approach could be used to understand and categorize the various educational needs of informal caregivers. This paper addresses this research need and provides a method for persona development and the identification of educational needs for informal caregivers...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423479/does-a-crossover-age-effect-exist-for-african-american-and-hispanic-binge-drinkers-findings-from-the-2010-to-2013-national-study-on-drug-use-and-health
#6
Tamika C B Zapolski, Patrick Baldwin, Devin E Banks, Timothy E Stump
BACKGROUND: Among general population studies, lower rates of binge drinking tend to be found among African Americans and Hispanics compared to Whites. However, among older adult populations, minority groups have been shown to be at higher risk for binge drinking, suggesting the presence of a crossover effect from low to high risk as a function of age. To date, limited research has examined the crossover effect among African American and Hispanic populations compared to non-Hispanic Whites across large developmental time frames or explored variation in risk based on income or gender...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422968/the-impact-of-a-point-of-care-testing-device-on-cvd-risk-assessment-completion-in-new-zealand-primary-care-practice-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-and-qualitative-investigation
#7
Sue Wells, Natasha Rafter, Timothy Kenealy, Geoff Herd, Kyle Eggleton, Rose Lightfoot, Kim Arcus, Angela Wadham, Yannan Jiang, Chris Bullen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a point of care (POC) device for testing lipids and HbA1c in addition to testing by community laboratory facilities (usual practice) on the completion of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessments in general practice. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic, cluster randomised controlled trial in 20 New Zealand general practices stratified by size and rurality and randomised to POC device plus usual practice or usual practice alone (controls)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422626/navigating-the-hidden-curriculum-of-higher-education-for-postsecondary-students-with-intellectual-disabilities
#8
Lucretia A Berg, Tracy Jirikowic, Katie Haerling, Ginger MacDonald
Students with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (IDD) increasingly pursue postsecondary education (PSE). Navigating the hidden curriculum-including meeting prerequisites for PSE and employment, using support systems and community transportation, and carrying out adulthood expectations-is an area of challenge. This exploratory case study examined experiences of students with IDD attending a PSE program and stakeholder perspectives. Thirty-two participants (10 students with IDD, 5 parents or guardians, 4 college administrators, 8 college instructors, 4 occupational therapists, and a transition specialist) were interviewed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422267/cycling-in-canada
#9
Pamela L Ramage-Morin
This article provides an overview of cycling, including fatalities and bicycle helmet use, based on data from the 1994/1995 National Population Health Survey, the 2013/2014 Canadian Community Health Survey and the Vital Statistics-Death Database. In 2013/2014, an estimated 7.0 million Canadians aged 12 or older (24%) reported cycling in the previous three months, compared with 6.5 million (29%) in 1994/95. The prevalence of cycling declined with age, and was more common among males and people living in higher-income and -education households...
April 19, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420766/project-accrue-exploring-options-to-increase-awareness-of-aids-malignancy-consortium-clinical-trials-in-north-carolina
#10
Anissa I Vines, Cathy L Melvin, Jaimie C Hunter, Veronica A Carlisle
BACKGROUND Longer lifespans conferred by antiretroviral therapy result in more time exposed to cancer risk for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Given limited diversity in AIDS Malignancy Consortium (AMC) clinical trials, there is need for new approaches to educate PLWHA in order to improve awareness and participation in AMC trials.METHODS With input from a community advisory board, Project ACCRUE (AMC Clinical Trials at Carolina Ramp Up Enrollment) conducted a key informant interview with service providers; online organizational surveys of AMC trial awareness and resource needs; and "lunch and learn" educational sessions, including pre- and post-intervention knowledge assessments...
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420593/sexual-health-in-the-community-services-for-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#11
Carli Friedman, Aleksa L Owen
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is a central dimension of overall health and well-being. People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) continue to experience disparities in healthcare, particularly regarding access to sexual health related services. Medicaid Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) waivers are ideally situated to provide sexual and reproductive healthcare in accessible settings. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study analyzed national Medicaid HCBS waivers to determine how they provide sexuality services for people with IDD...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420380/educational-status-as-determinant-of-men-s-knowledge-about-vasectomy-in-dangila-town-administration-amhara-region-northwest-ethiopia
#12
Abrham Jemberie Temach, Gedefaw Abeje Fekadu, Anemaw Asrat Achamyeleh
BACKGROUND: Although vasectomy is effective and less expensive contraceptive method, only few men are using it in Africa. The main reason for low level use may be low knowledge about vasectomy among men. Only few studies tried to investigate level of knowledge of vasectomy among married men in Ethiopia. But these studies have limitations in measuring knowledge. This study was therefore designed to assess knowledge of vasectomy among married men in Dangila town. METHOD: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in Dangila town...
April 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420356/an-assessment-of-the-hiv-tb-knowledge-and-skills-of-home-based-carers-working-in-the-north-west-province-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Justin G Engelbrecht, Mabjala R Letsoalo, Admire C Chirowodza
BACKGROUND: Home-based carers (HBCs) play a critical role in ensuring the success of the primary health care re-engineering strategy in South Africa. Their role includes ensuring improved access to and delivery of primary health care at the household level, and better co-ordination and improved linkages between community and health facilities for HIV/TB services. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, skills, challenges and training needs of HBCs involved in HIV/TB care in one sub-district in the North-West province of South Africa...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420244/occupation-based-practices-and-homelessness-a-scoping-review
#14
Laurence Roy, Catherine Vallée, Bonnie H Kirsh, Carrie Anne Marshall, Rebecca Marval, Alissa Low
BACKGROUND: Persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness have occupational needs that are seldom addressed in the Canadian system of care. The lack of documented evidence on occupational therapy practices in this field hinders the development of the profession. PURPOSE: This article identifies current and potential practices that aim to enable or support the occupations of persons experiencing or at risk of homelessness. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted, including evidence from both occupational therapy and non-occupational therapy sources...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419084/neonatal-resuscitation-in-global-health-settings-an-examination-of-the-past-to-prepare-for-the-future
#15
REVIEW
Beena D Kamath-Rayne, Sara K Berkelhamer, K C Ashish, Hege L Ersdal, Susan Niermeyer
BACKGROUND: As rates of childhood mortality decline, neonatal deaths account for nearly half of under-5 deaths worldwide. Intrapartum-related events (birth asphyxia) contribute to approximately one-quarter of neonatal deaths, many of which can be prevented by simple resuscitation and newborn care interventions. METHODS: This paper reviews various lines of research that have influenced the global neonatal resuscitation landscape. A brief situational analysis of asphyxia-related newborn mortality in low-resource settings is linked to renewed efforts to reduce neonatal mortality in the Every Newborn Action Plan...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416560/horizontal-schools-based-health-programme-in-rural-kenya
#16
James Bogie, Ben Eder, Dan Magnus, Onguko David Amonje, Martina Gant
BACKGROUND: Primary school children in low-income countries are at risk of many diseases and poor health affects attendance, cognition and ability to learn. Developing school health and nutrition strategies has been extensively highlighted as a global priority, with a particular focus on complex programme design. However, such programmes are relatively untested in low-income settings. METHOD: We implemented a complex school health and nutrition programme in two schools in Western Kenya over 3 years...
April 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416500/cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-consumer-behaviour-intervention-to-improve-healthy-food-purchases-from-online-canteens-study-protocol
#17
Tessa Delaney, Rebecca Wyse, Sze Lin Yoong, Rachel Sutherland, John Wiggers, Kylie Ball, Karen Campbell, Chris Rissel, Luke Wolfenden
INTRODUCTION: School canteens represent an opportune setting in which to deliver public health nutrition strategies given their wide reach, and frequent use by children. Online school canteen ordering systems, where students order and pay for their lunch online, provide an avenue to improve healthy canteen purchases through the application of consumer behaviour strategies that impact on purchasing decisions. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of a consumer behaviour intervention implemented in an online school canteen ordering system in reducing the kilojoule, saturated fat, sugar and sodium content of primary student lunch orders...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416031/behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-prevalence-symptom-groups-and-their-correlates-in-community-based-older-adults-with-dementia-in-singapore
#18
Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Edimansyah Abdin, Louisa Picco, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Esmond Seow, Li Ling Ng, Martin Prince, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the prevalence and factor structure of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in a community-based sample of older adults with dementia and identified their correlates. METHODS: Data collected from 399 Singapore residents with dementia aged 60 years and above, interviewed along with a family/friend during a national survey, were used for this analysis. Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire assessed older adults' BPSD...
April 18, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415972/community-based-survey-during-rabies-outbreaks-in-rangjung-town-trashigang-eastern-bhutan-2016
#19
Tenzin Tenzin, Jamyang Namgyal, Sangay Letho
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a highly fatal disease transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. Human deaths can be prevented by prompt administering of rabies vaccine and rabies immunoglobulin following the exposure. An assessment of community knowledge, awareness and practices on rabies is important during outbreak to understand their preparedness and target educational messages and response activities by the rapid response team. METHODS: A rabies outbreak has occurred in Rangjung town, eastern Bhutan on 4 October 2016...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413906/development-and-validation-of-the-masculine-attributes-questionnaire
#20
Junhan Cho, Steven M Kogan
The present study describes the development and validation of the Masculine Attributes Questionnaire (MAQ). The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretically and empirically grounded measure of masculine attributes for sexual health research with African American young men. Consistent with Whitehead's theory, the MAQ items were hypothesized to comprise two components representing reputation-based and respect-based attributes. The sample included 505 African American men aged 19 to 22 years ( M = 20.29, SD = 1...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
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