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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813635/standardization-and-scaling-of-a-community-based-palliative-care-model
#1
Janet Bull, Arif H Kamal, Matthew Harker, Donald H Taylor, Lindsay Bonsignore, John Morris, Lisa Massie, Parampal Singh Bhullar, Mary Howell, Mark Hendrix, Deeana Bennett, Amy Abernethy
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the descriptions of Community-Based Palliative Care (CBPC) demonstrates variability in team structures, eligibility, and standardization across care settings. OBJECTIVE: In 2014, Four Seasons Compassion for Life, a nonprofit hospice and palliative care (PC) organization in Western North Carolina (WNC), was awarded a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Health Care Innovation (CMMI) Award to expand upon their existing innovative model to implement, evaluate, and demonstrate CBPC in the United States...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812961/community-managed-services-for-persons-with-intellectual-disability-andhra-pradesh-experience
#2
Jayanthi Narayan, Raja Pratapkumar, Sudhakara P Reddy
In resource poor settings innovative and bottom-up approaches are required to provide services to people with with disabilities. In this context, the present paper explains a community-based model of manpower development and coordination of services for people with intellectual disabilities in unified state of Andhra Pradesh in India. Women with disabilities from the village were identified, and those willing to be trained to work as community resource persons (CRPs) were selected and given hands-on training in a phased manner...
September 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812930/increasing-colorectal-cancer-screening-at-an-urban-fqhc-using-ifobt-and-patient-navigation
#3
Richard L Martin, Madelaine Tully, Allison Kos, David Frazer, Amy Williamson, Amy Conlon, James J Enser, Noelle K LoConte
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Black Americans suffer even higher incidence and death rates than the general population. Genetics and patient perceptions explain some of this difference, however, modifiable health care system factors such as lack of access to colon cancer screening also contribute. Partnering an academic health center with local community groups, we piloted a colorectal cancer screening program at a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) serving predominately low socioeconomic status Black Americans...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812927/a-community-health-advisor-program-to-reduce-cancer-screening-disparities-in-the-deep-south-and-appalachia-the-american-cancer-society-s-cha-collaborative
#4
Kara S Riehman, Marcie Fisher-Borne, Jeremy M Martinez, Morgan Daven, Letitia Thompson, Mona N Fouad, Edward E Partridge
INTRODUCTION: Cancer disparities continue to exist in the United States. Community health advisors (CHAs) can play a critical role in addressing cancer disparities. The American Cancer Society (ACS) implemented a 3-year pilot CHA program in the South based on an evidence-based program to increase breast cancer screening. STUDY DESIGN: Evaluation assessed the extent to which ACS successfully implemented the program. Quantitative data were tracked and reported by ACS staff, and qualitative data were collected through focus groups and interviews with volunteer participants...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812813/do-management-and-leadership-practices-in-the-context-of-decentralisation-influence-performance-of-community-health-fund-evidence-from-iramba-and-iringa-districts-in-tanzania
#5
Chakupewa Joseph, Stephen Oswald Maluka
BACKGROUND: In early 1990s, Tanzania like other African countries, adopted health sector reform (HSR). The most strongly held centralisation system that informed the nature of services provision including health was, thus, disintegrated giving rise to decentralisation system. It was within the realm of HSR process, user fees were introduced in the health sector. Along with user fees, various types of health insurances, including the Community Health Fund (CHF), were introduced. While the country's level of enrolment in the CHF is low, there are marked variations among districts...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811893/knowledge-of-obstetric-danger-signs-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-at-health-facilities-of-yirgacheffe-town-gedeo-zone-southern-ethiopia
#6
Desalegn Tsegaw Hibstu, Yadeshi Demisse Siyoum
BACKGROUND: Obstetric danger signs are not the literal obstetric complications, merely symptoms that are well named by non-clinical personnel. The identification of these danger signs and its relation with complications during pregnancy would increase the capacity of women, their partners and families to seek for timely health care, following the appropriate steps to insure a safe birth and post-partum. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of obstetric danger signs and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Yirgacheffe town, Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810442/evaluation-of-a-web-based-cognitive-behavioral-smoking-cessation-treatment-for-overweight-obese-smokers
#7
Marney A White, Valentina Ivezaj, Carlos M Grilo
This pilot study tested the efficacy of an Internet-administered smoking cessation treatment for overweight/obese smokers. Participants were 54 community volunteers with overweight/obesity who were regular smokers. Treatment consisted of 12 weeks of nicotine replacement therapy and randomization to Internet-administered cognitive behavioral treatment or health education. In-person assessments of key outcomes occurred at baseline, post-treatment, and at 24-week follow-up. Cessation rates did not differ across the two treatments (25...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808807/sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-factors-and-health-conditions-of-dominican-adults-living-in-puerto-rico
#8
Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, José F Rodríguez-Orengo, Katherine L Tucker, Josiemer Mattei
Dominicans are the largest migrant community in Puerto Rico, yet understudied. We compared risk factors and health conditions of Dominicans versus Puerto Ricans (PRs). Cross-sectional survey of Dominicans (n = 55) and PRs (n = 310) aged 30-75 years, assessed with validated questionnaires and standardized anthropometric measurements. Significantly, more Dominicans than PRs had attained <8th grade education (37.7 vs. 8.0%), reported household income ≤$10,000 (76.1 vs. 56.9%), lacked health insurance (19...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808588/appropriate-weaning-practice-and-associated-factors-among-infants-and-young-children-in-northwest-ethiopia
#9
Liknaw Bewket Zeleke, Mengistu Welday Gebremichael, Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Kelemeu Abebe Gelaw
BACKGROUND: The right nutrition from the start of a pregnancy to the child's second birthday has a profound impact on the future health, wellbeing, and success of a child. This can be achieved through proper maternal nutrition during pregnancy, exclusive breastfeeding, and appropriate weaning practice. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at assessing appropriate weaning practice and associated factors among infants and young children aged 6-23 months in Feres Bet Town, Northwest Ethiopia...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808567/community-based-saving-groups-an-innovative-approach-to-overcome-the-financial-and-social-barriers-in-health-care-seeking-by-the-women-in-the-rural-remote-communities-of-pakistan
#10
Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Qayyum Noorani, Shazia Abbas
BACKGROUND: In remote rural areas of Pakistan, access to the maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) care provided by a skilled health provider is quite difficult. There are many reasons such as women's restricted social mobility, lack of education, disenfranchised in decision making and poverty. To overcome these barriers and impediments in district Chitral, which is the largest territory in terms of geography in province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, local women of reproductive age, were mobilized to form the Community Based Saving Groups (CBSGs) at the village level...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806610/risk-factors-of-transition-from-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-alzheimer-s-disease-and-death-a-cohort-study
#11
Haihong Xue, Qianqian Sun, Long Liu, Liye Zhou, Ruifeng Liang, Runlian He, Hongmei Yu
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of risk factors is essential for developing strategies that prevent or minimise transitions from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD) and death. The aim of this study was to assess risk factors for progression to AD and death among Chinese individuals with cognitive impairment. METHODS: We conducted a multisite, population-based cohort study on 437 community-dwelling elderly MCI residents in Taiyuan, China from 2010 to 2014...
July 18, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805505/group-based-learning-among-caregivers-assessing-mothers-knowledge-before-and-after-an-early-childhood-intervention-in-rural-guatemala
#12
Gretchen J Domek, Brittney Macdonald, Catherine Cooper, Maureen Cunningham, Madiha Abdel-Maksoud, Stephen Berman
BACKGROUND: The first three years of a child's life are a critical period for brain growth and development. Caregiver interventions during this period that improve early childhood health and development have the potential to enhance a child's physical, mental, and social well-being. METHODS: This was a pretest/posttest quasi experimental program evaluation. Early childhood education materials were adapted to create two separate interventions consisting of 30-page interactive flipchart talks to educate mothers on health and development topics relevant to 0-6 and 6-12 month old children...
August 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805420/expanding-our-reach-increasing-the-role-of-psychologists-in-public-and-community-mental-health
#13
Erika R Carr, Rebecca Miller
Psychologists are currently underrepresented in community and public mental health settings, despite the advanced training and competencies that are salient for service in various unique and important functions in the public sector. This article will explore those functions including: transformation to recovery-oriented care, delivery of positive behavioral support, implementation and evaluation of evidence-based interventions, application of scholarly guided practice, emphasis on context, therapeutic relationship, and history in therapeutic interventions, provision of training, education, program development and evaluation, and development of leadership and leadership training in systems of care...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805124/migration-violence-and-the-role-of-psychiatry-in-italy
#14
Antonio Ventriglio, Antonello Bellomo, Giovanna Vitrani, Eleonora Stella, Alessandro Gentile, Dinesh Bhugra
Immigration to Italy has been increasing exponentially in the last decades due to the international political changes and conflicts in the Middle East. The relationship between immigration and crimes is a debated issue, and violent radicalization of second or third generations of migrants is under increased scrutiny. Consequently, many politicians and political parties use nationalist and xenophobic language. Inevitably, this will have an impact on reactions of the larger population, as well as that of migrants...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803493/health-related-quality-of-life-of-people-with-multimorbidity-at-a-community-based-interprofessional-student-assisted-clinic-implications-for-assessment-and-intervention
#15
Zephanie Tyack, Suzanne Kuys, Petrea Cornwell, Kerrie-Anne Frakes, Steven McPhail
Objective This study examined the relationship between the number of comorbidities and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and between select physical conditions and HRQoL. Differences in HRQoL in comparison to a normative sample were also examined. Method A cross-sectional study among people with multimorbidity ( n = 401) attending a community-based, interdisciplinary health clinic was conducted. HRQoL was measured using the eight dimensions of the SF-36. Multiple linear regression and t-tests were used to analyse the data...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803076/palliative-care-in-vietnam-long-term-partnerships-yield-increasing-access
#16
Eric L Krakauer, Dang Huy Quoc Thinh, Quach Thanh Khanh, Hoang Thi Mong Huyen, Tran Diep Tuan, Than Ha Ngoc The, Do Duy Cuong, Tran Van Thuan, Nguyen Phi Yen, Pham Van Anh, Nguyen Thi Phuong Cham, Kathleen P Doyle, Nguyen Thi Hai Yen, Luong Ngoc Khue
Palliative care began in Vietnam in 2001, but steady growth in palliative care services and education commenced several years later when partnerships for ongoing training and technical assistance by committed experts were created with the Ministry of Health (MoH), major public hospitals, and medical universities. An empirical analysis of palliative care need by the MoH in 2006 was followed by national palliative care clinical guidelines, initiation of clinical training for physicians and nurses, and revision of opioid prescribing regulations...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801394/the-role-of-nurse-specialists-in-the-delivery-of-integrated-diabetes-care-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-diabetes-nurse-specialist-services
#17
Fiona Riordan, Sheena M McHugh, Katie Murphy, Julie Barrett, Patricia M Kearney
OBJECTIVES: International evidence suggests the diabetes nurse specialist (DNS) has a key role in supporting integrated management of diabetes. We examine whether hospital and community DNS currently support the integration of care, examine regional variation in aspects of the service relevant to the delivery of integrated care and identify barriers to service delivery and areas for improvement. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of hospital and community-based DNS in Ireland...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800879/the-association-between-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-fruit-and-vegetable-stage-of-change-in-underserved-communities-engaging-with-cooperative-extension-services
#18
Shannon M Robson, Elizabeth Orsega-Smith, Katie Greenawalt, P M Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To compare differences in fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and FV stage of change in 2 diverse communities engaging with cooperative extension services (Extension). METHODS: Cross-sectional study of FV behaviors of community members enrolled in a team-based challenge offered by Extension. t test and chi-square analyses examined differences in FV intake and FV stage of change. Linear regression examined the relationship between FV stage of change and FV intake, adjusting for demographics...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800209/using-local-clinical-educators-and-shared-resources-to-deliver-simulation-training-activities-across-rural-and-remote-south-australia-and-south-west-victoria-a-distributed-collaborative-model
#19
Stacey C Masters, Sandi Elliott, Sarah Boyd, James A Dunbar
PROBLEM: There is a lack of access to simulation-based education (SBE) for professional entry students (PES) and health professionals at rural and remote locations. DESIGN: A descriptive study. SETTING: Health and education facilities in regional South Australia and south-west Victoria. KEY MEASURES FOR IMPROVEMENT: Number of training recipients who participated in SBE; geographical distribution and locations where SBE was delivered; number of rural clinical educators providing SBE...
August 11, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799798/abstracts-from-dietetic-research-event-june-8-and-9-2017
#20
(no author information available yet)
St John's, Newfoundland was the host city of the 2017 Dietitians of Canada Annual Conference. Through the support of Dietitians of Canada and CFDR, the 2017 event was both an exciting and informative exchange of research and experience-sharing efforts that inspired attendees. The submissions for this year's Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research (CFDR) event represented the diversity of dietetic research conducted within Canada. The topics highlighted from this year's abstracts included: Clinical Research; Community-based Nutritional Care; Determinants of Food Choice; Dietary Intake; Dietetic Practice and Education; Food Security; Nutrition and Health Education; Nutritional Assessment and Therapy; Nutrition Attitudes; Nutrition Strategy Development Patient Services; Professional Development; Vulnerable Groups and their Nutritional Needs; and, Wellness and Public Health...
September 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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