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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#1
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144894/clinical-community-partnerships-to-identify-patients-with-food-insecurity-and-address-food-needs
#2
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Karen R Siegel, Holly Calhoun, Sonia A Kim, Sandra P Garcia, Natalie M Hoeting, Diane M Harris, Laura Kettel Khan, Bryce Smith, Heidi M Blanck, Kevin Barnett, Anne C Haddix
INTRODUCTION: More than 42 million people in the United States are food insecure. Although some health care entities are addressing food insecurity among patients because of associations with disease risk and management, little is known about the components of these initiatives. METHODS: The Systematic Screening and Assessment Method was used to conduct a landscape assessment of US health care entity-based programs that screen patients for food insecurity and connect them with food resources...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143155/language-and-social-emotional-and-behavioural-wellbeing-from-4-to-7%C3%A2-years-a-community-based-study
#3
Penny Levickis, Emma Sciberras, Cristina McKean, Laura Conway, Angela Pezic, Fiona K Mensah, Edith L Bavin, Lesley Bretherton, Patricia Eadie, Margot Prior, Sheena Reilly
Language disorder (LD) and social-emotional and behavioural (SEB) difficulties are common childhood problems that often co-occur. While there is clear evidence of these associations from clinical samples, less is known about community samples. This paper examines these associations in children aged 4-7 years from a community-based longitudinal study. 771 families provided questionnaire and assessment data at 4, 5 and 7 years. Parent-reported SEB difficulties were measured at each point (SDQ). Child language was directly assessed at 4 (CELF-P2), 5 and 7 years (CELF-4)...
November 15, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141768/rat-fall-surveillance-coupled-with-vector-control-and-community-education-as-a-plague-prevention-strategy-in-the-west-nile-region-uganda
#4
Karen A Boegler, Linda A Atiku, Russell E Enscore, Titus Apangu, Joseph Tendo Mpanga, Sarah Acayo, John Kaggwa, Paul S Mead, Brook M Yockey, Kiersten J Kugeler, Martin E Schriefer, Kalanthe Horiuchi, Kenneth L Gage, Rebecca J Eisen
Plague, primarily a disease of rodents, is most frequently transmitted by fleas and causes potentially fatal infections in humans. In Uganda, plague is endemic to the West Nile region. Primary prevention for plague includes control of rodent hosts or flea vectors, but targeting these efforts is difficult given the sporadic nature of plague epizootics in the region and limited resource availability. Here, we present a community-based strategy to detect and report rodent deaths (rat fall), an early sign of epizootics...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141661/preventing-enduring-behavioural-problems-in-young-children-through-early-psychological-intervention-healthy-start-happy-start-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Paul G Ramchandani, Christine O'Farrelly, Daphne Babalis, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Sarah Byford, Ellen S R Grimas, Jane E Iles, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Julia McGinley, Charlotte M Phillips, Alan Stein, Jane Warwick, Hillary C Watt, Stephen Scott
BACKGROUND: Behavioural problems are common in early childhood, and can result in enduring costs to the individual and society, including an increased risk of mental and physical illness, criminality, educational failure and drug and alcohol misuse. Most previous research has examined the impact of interventions targeting older children when difficulties are more established and harder to change, and have rarely included fathers. We are conducting a trial of a psychological intervention delivered to families with very young children, engaging both parents where possible...
November 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#6
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140597/improving-omics-based-research-and-precision-health-in-minority-populations-recommendations-for-nurse-scientists
#7
Jacquelyn Y Taylor, Veronica Barcelona de Mendoza
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the role of nurse scientists in -omics-based research and to promote discussion around the conduct of -omics-based nursing research in minority communities. Nurses are advocates, educators, practitioners, scientists, and researchers, and are crucial to the design and successful implementation of -omics studies, particularly including minority communities. The contribution of nursing in this area of research is crucial to reducing health disparities...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139069/piloting-the-effectiveness-of-pig-health-education-in-combination-with-oxfendazole-treatment-on-prevention-and-or-control-of-porcine-cysticercosis-gastrointestinal-parasites-african-swine-fever-and-ectoparasites-in-ang%C3%A3-nia-district-mozambique
#8
A G Chilundo, M V Johansen, A Pondja, R Miambo, S Afonso, S Mukaratirwa
A community-based intervention combining health education (HE) and treatment of pigs for control of porcine cysticercosis (PC), gastrointestinal (GI) helminths, African swine fever (ASF) and external parasites was tested involving six villages of resource-poor smallholder pig farmers. Farmers and pigs of six rural villages were randomly allocated into group 1 (HE), which served as controls, and group 2 (HE + OFZ) pigs received a single oral dose of 30 mg/kg OFZ. Farmers were trained in pig health, housing and feeding...
November 14, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138660/use-of-cellular-phone-contacts-to-increase-return-rates-for-immunization-services-in-kenya
#9
Evans Mokaya, Isaac Mugoya, Jane Raburu, Lora Shimp
Introduction: In Kenya, failure to complete immunization schedules by children who previously accessed immunization services is an obstacle to ensuring that children are fully immunized. Home visit approaches used to track defaulting children have not been successful in reducing the drop-out rate. Methods: This study tested the use of phone contacts as an approach for tracking immunization defaulters in twelve purposively-selected facilities in three districts of western Kenya...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138129/patient-portal-utilization-among-ethnically-diverse-low-income-older-adults-observational-study
#10
Thomas A Arcury, Sara A Quandt, Joanne C Sandberg, David P Miller, Celine Latulipe, Xiaoyan Leng, Jenifer W Talton, Kathryn P Melius, Alden Smith, Alain G Bertoni
BACKGROUND: Patient portals can improve patient communication with providers, provide patients with greater health information access, and help improve patient decision making, if they are used. Because research on factors facilitating and limiting patient portal utilization has not been conceptually based, no leverage points have been indicated for improving utilization. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective for this analysis was to use a conceptual framework to determine potentially modifiable factors affecting patient portal utilization by older adults (aged 55 years and older) who receive care at clinics that serve low income and ethnically diverse communities...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137560/randomized-trial-of-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-mental-illness
#11
Mary F Brunette, Sarah I Pratt, Stephen J Bartels, Emily A Scherer, Stacey C Sigmon, Joelle C Ferron, Meghan Santos, Gail E Williams, Samuel Kosydar, Rosemarie S Wolfe, Doris Lotz, Kelley Capuchino
OBJECTIVE: Medicaid beneficiaries with severe mental illnesses are a financially disadvantaged group with high rates of smoking and poor cessation outcomes. This study examined whether abstinence-contingent monetary incentives improved outcomes when added to cessation treatments at community mental health centers: prescriber visit for pharmacotherapy only (PV only), prescriber visit and facilitated quitline (PV+Q), and prescriber visit and telephone cognitive-behavioral therapy (PV+CBT)...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136271/emergency-preparedness-training-preferences-and-perceived-barriers-to-training-among-various-healthcare-providers-and-public-health-practitioners-in-massachusetts
#12
John Broach, Mary-Elise Smith
INTRODUCTION: Emergency preparedness training is vital to a wide range of healthcare and public health disciplines. Although agencies may try to tailor their training efforts based on perceived need, the topics and methods of instruction may be misguided, resulting in wasted effort and poor participation in training events. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to understand in a rigorous way, the training preferences and barriers to training among practitioners in Massachusetts...
April 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135949/prevalence-of-mental-health-problems-and-associated-risk-factors-among-rural-to-urban-migrant-children-in-guangzhou-china
#13
Jun Wang, Ke Liu, Jing Zheng, Jiali Liu, Liming You
Rural-to-urban migration, which has achieved a huge scale during China's economic reform, is a potential risk factor for the mental health of migrant children. To test this hypothesis, this study assessed the mental health status of rural-to-urban migrant children. Guided by Andersen's behavioral model, the study explored the risk factors associated with mental health. The study recruited 1182 fifth/sixth-grade children from four private and four public primary schools in Guangzhou in 2014 in a descriptive cross-sectional design...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135358/training-area-agencies-on-aging-case-managers-to-improve-physical-function-mood-and-behavior-in-persons-with-dementia-and-caregivers-examples-from-the-rdad-northwest-study
#14
Susan M McCurry, Rebecca G Logsdon, Kenneth C Pike, David M LaFazia, Linda Teri
The Reducing Disability in Alzheimer's Disease (RDAD) program has been shown to be an effective tool for teaching caregivers strategies to improve mood, behavior, and physical function in persons with dementia. This paper describes how RDAD has been translated and implemented for use by Area Agencies on Aging (AAA) case managers across Washington and Oregon. Modifications to the original RDAD program as part of its community translation included decreasing the number of in-person sessions while preserving all educational content; involving caregivers in exercise activities for themselves as well as acting as exercise coaches for care-receivers; and enrolling persons with cognitive impairment due to mixed etiologies...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135320/the-cultural-competence-of-health-journalists-obesity-coverage-in-four-urban-news-organizations
#15
Dianne M Garyantes, Priscilla Murphy
This study sought to identify indicators of cultural competence in 670 news stories covering obesity by four urban news organizations: two mainstream newspapers and two ethnic newspapers serving the African-American and Hispanic communities. Through semantic network analysis, the research found that the news organizations converged on five themes: unhealthy lifestyle, food access and education, healthy lifestyle, public policy, and research. Public policy solutions were favored by the mainstream newspapers, while self-efficacy was emphasized in the ethnic papers...
November 14, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133701/prevalence-burden-and-risk-factors-of-migraine-a-community-based-study-from-eastern-india
#16
Biman K Ray, Neelanjana Paul, Avijit Hazra, Sujata Das, Malay K Ghosal, Amar K Misra, Tapas K Banerjee, Arijit Chaudhuri, Shyamal K Das
BACKGROUND: Headache is common in communities; however, epidemiological research regarding its prevalence is infrequent in India. AIM: We planned to study the prevalence of migraine, its disease burden, and the associated risk factors. SETTING AND DESIGN: This is an urban community study conducted in Kolkata with a cross-sectional and nested case-control design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The criteria to study headache among a representative sample (aged 20-50 years) was based on the International Classification of Headache Disorders-II...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132695/thai-clinicians-attitudes-toward-antimicrobial-stewardship-programs
#17
Nantanit Sutthiruk, Julie Considine, Ana Hutchinson, Andrea Driscoll, Kumthorn Malathum, Mari Botti
BACKGROUND: Effective hospital-wide antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs need multidisciplinary engagement; however, clinicians' attitudes have not been investigated in Thailand where AMS is in early development. The aim of this study was to explore Thai clinicians' (doctors, nurses, and pharmacists) perceptions and attitudes toward AMS. METHODS: A paper-based survey was distributed in a 1,000-bed university hospital in Bangkok, Thailand, between November 9, 2015, and December 21, 2015...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131878/association-of-brain-structure-changes-and-cognitive-function-with-combination-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-positive-individuals
#18
Ryan Sanford, Lesley K Fellows, Beau M Ances, D Louis Collins
Importance: Despite the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders continue to be a problem for treated HIV-positive individuals. The cause of this impairment remains unclear. Objective: To determine if detectable brain changes occur during a 2-year period in HIV-positive individuals who were aviremic and treated with cART. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this longitudinal case-control study, participants underwent neuroimaging and neuropsychological assessment approximately 2 years apart...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131345/pursuing-an-ethical-socially-just-classroom-searching-for-community-psychology-pedagogy
#19
Lauren F Lichty, Eylin Palamaro-Munsell
Discussions of community psychology (CP) ethics often examine how we might best uphold CP values in community-based practice. However, for many community psychologists in faculty positions, our main domain of practice is the undergraduate classroom. Teaching is essential to the growth and sustainability of our field as prospective students tend to discover CP during their undergraduate studies. University-based work is also a key site of CP practice. Universities are contested spaces where interlocking forms of oppression manifest in many ways, including teaching (e...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131316/efficacy-of-a-community-based-participatory-and-multilevel-intervention-to-enhance-hepatitis-b-virus-screening-and-vaccination-in-underserved-korean-americans
#20
Grace X Ma, Minsun M Lee, Yin Tan, Alexandra L Hanlon, Ziding Feng, Theresa I Shireman, Joanne Rhee, Zhengyu Wei, Frank Wong, Han Seung Koh, Charles Kim, Whitney York
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of a community-based participatory intervention program in improving hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening and vaccination among Korean Americans who were not previously screened. METHODS: A cluster randomized trial involving 32 Korean church-based community organizations (1834 participants) was conducted. Sixteen churches were randomly assigned to an HBV screening and vaccination multicomponent intervention condition (972 participants) and 16 were assigned to a general cancer education control condition (862 participants)...
November 13, 2017: Cancer
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