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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635408/assisted-reproductive-technologies-and-the-iranian-community-attitude-towards-infertility
#1
Aliyar Ahmadi, Sara Bamdad
Since the late 1990s, assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) have been legitimized in Iran through an official religious endorsement. Iran, under the dominant authority of the Shia sect, is now the most enthusiastic adopter of ARTs in the Muslim world, permitting all forms of treatments, including third party donation. This study examined the public perception of assisted conception and its influence on the adoption of these methods in Iran. The study was questionnaire-based and conducted in 2012 in Shiraz, the most populated city in the south of Iran...
February 7, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635074/do-sleep-disturbances-mediate-the-association-between-work-family-conflict-and-depressive-symptoms-among-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Yuan Zhang, Jeanne F Duffy, Elizabeth Ronan de Castillero
INTRODUCTION: Depression has been identified as the leading cause of disability worldwide. Nurses report higher rates of depression than the general public. Work-family conflict is challenging for nurses and may lead to depression and poor health. However, the mechanisms for the effect of work-family conflict on depression haven't been well understood. AIM: The objective is to use a cross-sectional design to examine the role of sleep disturbances in the association between work-family conflict and depressive symptoms in nurses...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633661/prevalence-of-arthritis-according-to-age-sex-and-socioeconomic-status-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries-analysis-of-data-from-the-world-health-organization-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage-wave-1
#3
Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, S Cook, M T Leech, S J Bowe, P Kowal, N Naidoo, I N Ackerman, R S Page, S M Hosking, J A Pasco, M Mohebbi
BACKGROUND: In higher income countries, social disadvantage is associated with higher arthritis prevalence; however, less is known about arthritis prevalence or determinants in low to middle income countries (LMICs). We assessed arthritis prevalence by age and sex, and marital status and occupation, as two key parameters of socioeconomic position (SEP), using data from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). METHODS: SAGE Wave 1 (2007-10) includes nationally-representative samples of older adults (≥50 yrs), plus smaller samples of adults aged 18-49 yrs...
June 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633176/determinants-of-the-5-year-retention-and-rural-location-of-family-physicians-results-from-the-iowa-family-medicine-training-network
#4
Gregory C Nelson, Thomas S Gruca
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: States are seeking ways to retain primary care physicians trained within their borders. We analyzed the 5-year retention and rural Iowa location decisions for 1,645 graduates of the Iowa Family Medicine Training Network (IFMTN)-eight residency programs (in seven different cities) that are affiliated with the Carver College of Medicine (University of Iowa). METHODS: Data from 1977-2014 includes 98.5% of active graduates. Location in Iowa 5 years after graduation was the dependent variable in a binary logistic regression...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633054/men-and-women-with-psychosis-and-the-impact-of-illness-duration-on-sex-differences-the-second-australian-national-survey-of-psychosis
#5
Mary-Claire Hanlon, Linda E Campbell, Natalie Single, Clare Coleman, Vera A Morgan, Susan M Cotton, Helen J Stain, David J Castle
We aimed to examine and compare sex-differences in people receiving treatment for psychotic illnesses in community settings, based on long or short duration of illness; expecting association between longer illness-duration and worse outcomes in women and men. Clinical, demographic and service-use data from the Survey of High Impact Psychosis were analysed by sex and duration of illness (≤5 years; ≥6 years), using independent t-tests, chi-square tests, one-way ANOVA, and Cramer's V. Of the 1825 participants, 47% had schizophrenia, 17...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632933/patient-characteristics-associated-with-a-successful-response-to-nurse-led-care-programs-targeting-the-oldest-old-a-comparison-of-two-rcts
#6
Nienke Bleijenberg, Lorenz Imhof, Romy Mahrer-Imhof, Margaret I Wallhagen, Niek J de Wit, Marieke J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: To improve the effectiveness of community-based care programs, especially those targeting the oldest-old population (80+), data are needed that elucidate those factors associated with a successful response to the intervention. Two comparable nurse-led care programs have been evaluated in two large randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one in Switzerland and one in the Netherlands. AIMS: To identify common patient characteristics that are related to a successful response to proactive nurse-led care, we explored if and to what extent, identical factors were present in both study populations...
June 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631581/the-writer-s-guide-to-education-scholarship-in-emergency-medicine-education-innovations-part-3
#7
Andrew K Hall, Carly Hagel, Teresa M Chan, Brent Thoma, Aleisha Murnaghan, Farhan Bhanji
OBJECTIVE: The scholarly dissemination of innovative medical education practices helps broaden the reach of this type of work, allowing scholarship to have an impact beyond a single institution. There is little guidance in the literature for those seeking to publish program evaluation studies and innovation papers. This study aims to derive a set of evidence-based features of high-quality reports on innovations in emergency medicine (EM) education. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review and thematic analysis to determine quality markers for medical education innovation reports, with a focus on EM...
June 20, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631493/awareness-and-misperceptions-of-hospice-and-palliative-care-a-population-based-survey-study
#8
Ariel Shalev, Veerawat Phongtankuel, Elissa Kozlov, Megan Johnson Shen, Ronald D Adelman, M C Reid
BACKGROUND: Despite the documented benefits of palliative and hospice care on improving patients' quality of life, these services remain underutilized. Multiple factors limit the utilization of these services, including patients' and caregivers' lack of knowledge and misperceptions. OBJECTIVES: To examine palliative and hospice care awareness, misperceptions, and receptivity among community-dwelling adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: New York State residents ≥18 years old who participated in the 2016 Empire State Poll...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#9
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630642/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practice-among-mothers-with-0-24%C3%A2-months-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#10
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Dereje Berhanu Abitew
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood is essential to ensure the health, growth and development of children. However, infant feeding practice is suboptimal in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. The slum area is a heavily populated urban informal settlement characterized by substandard housing, squalor, with a lack of reliable sanitation services, supply of clean water, reliable electricity, law enforcement and other basic services. Residents of the slum area were poor and less educated...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#11
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#12
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629277/addressing-tobacco-use-among-consumers-and-staff-at-behavioral-health-treatment-facilities-through-comprehensive-workplace-programming
#13
Hannah L Samaha, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, Cho Lam, William T Wilson, Bryce Kyburz, Tim Stacey, Teresa Williams, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco use is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States; cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco use. Smoking has become increasingly concentrated among individuals with behavioral health needs (e.g., persistent mental illness) and has led to increased morbidity and mortality in this group relative to the general population. Comprehensive tobacco-free workplace programs are effective in reducing tobacco use and cigarette smoke exposure among behavioral health consumers and the individuals who serve them...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628535/community-based-rehabilitation-to-improve-stroke-survivors-rehabilitation-participation-and-functional-recovery
#14
Xiaojuan Ru, Hong Dai, Bin Jiang, Ninghua Li, Xingquan Zhao, Zhen Hong, Li He, Wenzhi Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based rehabilitation appropriate technique (CRAT) intervention program in increasing rehabilitation participation and improving functional recovery of stroke survivors. DESIGN: This study followed a quasi-experimental design. In each of 5 centers servicing approximately 50,000 individuals, 2 communities were designated as either the intervention or control community. A CRAT intervention program, including 2-year rehabilitation education and 3-month CRAT treatment, was regularly implemented in the intervention communities, whereas there was no special intervention in the control community...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626258/formative-research-for-the-nationwide-promotion-of-a-multidisciplinary-community-based-educational-program-on-end-of-life-care
#15
Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Chifa Chiang, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Hideaki Andoh, Kazumasa Uemura, Atsuko Aoyama
Although one of the most important missions of end-of-life education is to ensure proper inter-professional education (IPE), in Japan, end-of-life care IPE has not been given enough attention especially in community settings. This study aims at developing an effective workshop facilitator training program on end-of-life care IPE and acquiring the know-how to set up and efficiently run administrative offices. We first developed a tentative facilitation training program and conducted it in five cities nationwide...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625115/do-nonclinical-community-based-youth-serving-professionals-talk-with-young-men-about-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-intend-to-refer-them-for-care
#16
Arik V Marcell, Susannah E Gibbs, Shalynn R Howard, Nanlesta A Pilgrim, Jacky M Jennings, Renata Sanders, Kathleen R Page, Penny S Loosier, Patricia J Dittus
Young men (ages 15-24) may benefit from community-based connections to care since many have sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs and low care use. This study describes nonclinical community-based youth-serving professionals' (YSPs) SRH knowledge, confidence, past behaviors, and future intentions to talk with young men about SRH and refer them to care, and examines factors associated with care referral intentions. YSPs ( n = 158) from 22 settings in one mid-Atlantic city answered questions about the study's goal, their demographics and work environment from August 2014 to December 2015...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624983/how-to-increase-vaccination-acceptance-among-apostolic-communities-quantitative-results-from-an-assessment-in-three-provinces-in-zimbabwe
#17
Regina Gerede, Zorodzai Machekanyanga, Serigne Ndiaye, Kenneth Chindedza, Colline Chigodo, Messeret E Shibeshi, James Goodson, Fussum Daniel, Reinhard Kaiser
A worldwide increasing trend toward vaccine hesitancy has been reported. Measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections originating from Apostolic gatherings. Founded in Zimbabwe in the 1950s, the Apostolic church has built up a large number of followers with an estimated 3.5 million in Zimbabwe in 2014. To inform planning of interventions for the 2015 measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we assessed vaccination status and knowledge, attitudes and practices among purposive samples of Apostolic caregivers in three districts each in Harare City, Manicaland and Matabeleland South in Zimbabwe...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624292/the-use-of-non-prescription-medicines-during-lactation-a-qualitative-study-of-community-pharmacists-attitudes-and-perspectives
#18
Tin Fei Sim, H Laetitia Hattingh, Jillian Sherriff, Lisa B G Tee
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists play a significant role in the provision of non-prescription medicines. There is evidence that women self-medicate and use non-prescription medicines whilst breastfeeding. Studies have demonstrated that breastfeeding women are likely to seek advice from pharmacists, presenting a unique opportunity for pharmacists to provide on-going support of these women especially in relation to the appropriate use of non-prescription medicines. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore community pharmacists' attitudes and perspectives towards the use of non-prescription medicines during breastfeeding...
June 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623948/one-carbon-metabolism-cognitive-impairment-and-csf-measures-of-alzheimer-pathology-homocysteine-and-beyond
#19
Loïc Dayon, Seu Ping Guiraud, John Corthésy, Laeticia Da Silva, Eugenia Migliavacca, Domilė Tautvydaitė, Aikaterini Oikonomidi, Barbara Moullet, Hugues Henry, Sylviane Métairon, Julien Marquis, Patrick Descombes, Sebastiano Collino, François-Pierre J Martin, Ivan Montoliu, Martin Kussmann, Jérôme Wojcik, Gene L Bowman, Julius Popp
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for cognitive decline and dementia, including Alzheimer disease (AD). Homocysteine (Hcy) is a sulfur-containing amino acid and metabolite of the methionine pathway. The interrelated methionine, purine, and thymidylate cycles constitute the one-carbon metabolism that plays a critical role in the synthesis of DNA, neurotransmitters, phospholipids, and myelin. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that one-carbon metabolites beyond Hcy are relevant to cognitive function and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) measures of AD pathology in older adults...
June 17, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623922/use-of-simulation-based-medical-training-in-swiss-pediatric-hospitals-a-national-survey
#20
Martin Stocker, Kathryn Laine, Francis Ulmer
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based medical training (SBMT) is a powerful tool for continuing medical education. In contrast to the Anglo-Saxon medical education community, up until recently, SBMT was scarce in continental Europe's pediatric health care education: In 2009, only 3 Swiss pediatric health care institutions used SBMT. The Swiss catalogue of objectives in Pediatrics does not acknowledge SBMT. The aim of this survey is to describe and analyze the current state of SBMT in Swiss pediatric hospitals and health care departments...
June 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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