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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160504/nasal-carriage-rate-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-among-iranian-healthcare-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Mohammad Emaneini, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Hosseinali Rahdar, Willem B van Leeuwen, Reza Beigverdi
Globally, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains a major cause of healthcare-associated infections. Healthcare workers (HCWs), patients and the environment may act as reservoirs for the spread of MRSA to patients and other HCWs. Screening and eradication of MRSA colonization is an effective method of reducing the MRSA infection rate. There are limited data on the prevalence of MRSA among Iranian HCWs. We performed a systematic search by using different electronic databases including Medline (via PubMed), Embase, Web of Science, and Iranian Databases (from January 2000 to July 2016)...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120113/hygiene-practices-in-removable-prosthodontics-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
S Papadiochou, G Polyzois
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the recent scientific evidence about the hygiene practices of removable prostheses relative to the effectiveness, colour and dimensional stability. This review aimed also to identify patients' attitudes and habits towards denture hygiene. METHODS: Three electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library) were screened, in English language, between January 1995 and December 2016. A supplementary hand search in the reference list of the identified articles was also performed...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107767/prevalence-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-burn-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Mohammad Emaneini, Reza Beigverdi, Willem B van Leeuwen, Hosseinali Rahdar, Morteza Karami-Zarandi, Faride Hosseinkhani, Fereshteh Jabalameli
OBJECTIVES: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has considered as a major cause of infection and mortality in burn patients, especially when nosocomially acquired. Limited information is available on the prevalence of MRSA among burn patient in Iran. METHODS: We performed a systematic search by using different electronic databases including: Medline (via Pubmed), Embase, Web of Science, and Iranian Database. Meta-analysis was performed by Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (Biostat V2...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058966/high-level-isolation-unit-infection-control-procedures
#4
Jocelyn J Herstein, Paul D Biddinger, Shawn G Gibbs, Aurora B Le, Katelyn C Jelden, Angela L Hewlett, John J Lowe
The 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa prompted a select group of US hospitals to establish high-level isolation units equipped with advanced engineering controls, trained staff, and stringent protocols to safely treat highly infectious disease patients. This survey details the comprehensive infection control protocols developed by these units, including for decontamination of units, post-mortem management, liquid waste disposal, and personal protective equipment (PPE) use. In spring 2016, a survey was electronically distributed to the 56 original Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-designated high-level isolation units...
September 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054442/approaches-to-hand-hygiene-monitoring-from-low-to-high-technology-approaches
#5
REVIEW
Nadia Masroor, Michelle Doll, Michael Stevens, Gonzalo Bearman
Hand hygiene is a global and critical infection prevention practice across all healthcare settings. Approaches to monitoring hand hygiene compliance vary from simple methods such as direct observation and product usage to more advanced methods such as automated electronic monitoring systems. Current literature supports a multimodal approach, supplemented by education, to enhance hand hygiene performance.
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974467/nudging-to-improve-hand-hygiene
#6
M G Caris, H A Labuschagne, M Dekker, M H H Kramer, M A van Agtmael, C M J E Vandenbroucke-Grauls
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is paramount to prevent healthcare-associated infections, but improving compliance is challenging. When healthcare workers seldom encounter healthcare-associated infections, they will consider the odds of causing infections through poor hand hygiene negligible. Cognitive biases such as these may induce non-compliance. Nudging, 'a friendly push to encourage desired behaviour', could provide an easily implemented, inexpensive measure to address cognitive biases and thus support hand hygiene interventions...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952168/contact-lens-trends-over-three-decades-in-a-hospital-based-practice-in-india
#7
Rajni Rajan, Rajeswari Mahadevan, Ann Mary Thomas, Pradipta Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Contact lens fittings in a hospital-based practice are different from those in private practices because of specialised conditions. Few studies have been published on material preferences of such wearers, especially in long-term wearers. The aim of this study is to document contact lens prescribing trends in a hospital-based practice among long-term lens wearers and to identify their demographic profile. METHODS: Subjects reporting to a contact lens clinic of a tertiary eye-care centre in India from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014, with a minimum of five years of lens wear, were included in the study...
September 26, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883912/infection-control-at-an-urban-hospital-in-manila-philippines-a-systems-engineering-assessment-of-barriers-and-facilitators
#8
Kaitlin F Mitchell, Anna K Barker, Cybele L Abad, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Healthcare facilities in low- and middle-income countries, including the Philippines, face substantial challenges in achieving effective infection control. Early stages of interventions should include efforts to understand perceptions held by healthcare workers who participate in infection control programs. METHODS: We performed a qualitative study to examine facilitators and barriers to infection control at an 800-bed, private, tertiary hospital in Manila, Philippines...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862335/interventions-to-improve-hand-hygiene-compliance-in-patient-care
#9
REVIEW
Dinah J Gould, Donna Moralejo, Nicholas Drey, Jane H Chudleigh, Monica Taljaard
BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Hand hygiene is regarded as an effective preventive measure. This is an update of a previously published review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the short- and long-term success of strategies to improve compliance to recommendations for hand hygiene, and to determine whether an increase in hand hygiene compliance can reduce rates of health care-associated infection. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted electronic searches of the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL...
September 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857850/interventions-to-improve-hand-hygiene-compliance-in-the-icu-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Sinéad Lydon, Michael Power, Jennifer McSharry, Molly Byrne, Caoimhe Madden, Janet Elaine Squires, Paul O'Connor
OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the literature describing interventions to improve hand hygiene in ICUs, to evaluate the quality of the extant research, and to outline the type, and efficacy, of interventions described. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches were conducted in November 2016 using five electronic databases: Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, Embase, and Web of Science. Additionally, the reference lists of included studies and existing review papers were screened. STUDY SELECTION: English language, peer-reviewed studies that evaluated an intervention to improve hand hygiene in an adult ICU setting, and reported hand hygiene compliance rates collected via observation, were included...
November 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743340/-ventilator-bundle-guided-by-context-of-jci-settings-can-effectively-reduce-the-morbidity-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#11
Lili Zhao, Lili Liu, Jing Chen, Caili Yang, Jianjian Nie, Minwei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of improving the compliance of ventilator bundle on morbidity of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) guided by context of Joint Commission International (JCI) settings, and to study the oral care efficacy of suction tube sponge brush. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted. The patients who needed MV admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University from January 2013 to December 2016 were enrolled...
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734630/management-of-an-acinetobacter-baumannii-outbreak-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#12
M Tanguy, A Kouatchet, B Tanguy, É Pichard, S Fanello, M-L Joly-Guillou
INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii is a ubiquitous pathogen resistant to desiccation and responsible for healthcare-associated infections (HAI), especially in intensive care units (ICU) where it is responsible for 5-10% of HAIs. An A. baumannii outbreak occurred in the ICU of the University Hospital of Angers, France. OBJECTIVES: To describe the A. baumannii outbreak and to evaluate the control measures taken. The secondary objective was to evaluate the impact of the electronic alert system on the incidence of multidrug resistance to antibiotics...
October 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722122/wet-work-exposure-and-hand-eczema-among-healthcare-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
N Hamnerius, C Svedman, O Bergendorff, J Björk, M Bruze, A Pontén
BACKGROUND: Hand eczema is more common in healthcare workers compared to the general population. The hands are subject to changing occupational exposures due to mandatory hygiene regulations for health care workers. OBJECTIVES: To describe the exposure due to hygiene procedures and investigate the associations between occupational hand washing, use of non-sterile gloves, and hand disinfectant and self-reported hand eczema. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with an electronic questionnaire distributed to 28 762 hospital employees in southern Sweden...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714331/-hand-hygiene-technique-assessment-using-electronic-equipment-in-26-hungarian-healthcare-institutions
#14
Ákos Lehotsky, Júlia Morvai, László Szilágyi, Száva Bánsághi, Alíz Benkó, Tamás Haidegger
INTRODUCTION: Hand hygiene is probably the most effective tool of nosocomial infection prevention, however, proper feedback and control is needed to develop the individual hand hygiene practice. AIM: Assessing the efficiency of modern education tools, and digital demonstration and verification equipment during their wide-range deployment. METHOD: 1269 healthcare workers took part in a training organized by our team. The training included the assessment of the participants' hand hygiene technique to identify the most often missed areas...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632004/behavioral-interventions-to-reduce-infections-in-pediatric-long-term-care-facilities-the-keep-it-clean-for-kids-trial
#15
Elaine L Larson, Meghan T Murray, Bevin Cohen, Edwin Simpser, Marianne Pavia, Olivia Jackson, Haomiao Jia, R Gordon Hutcheon, Linda Mosiello, Natalie Neu, Lisa Saiman
Children in pediatric long-term care facilities (pLTCF) represent a highly vulnerable population and infectious outbreaks occur frequently, resulting in significant morbidity, mortality, and resource use. The purpose of this quasi-experimental trial using time series analysis was to assess the impact of a 4-year theoretically based behavioral intervention on infection prevention practices and clinical outcomes in three pLTCF (288 beds) in New York metropolitan area including 720 residents, ages 1 day to 26 years with mean lengths of stay: 7...
March 3, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526308/implementing-an-electronic-hand-hygiene-monitoring-system-lessons-learned-from-community-hospitals
#16
Catherine Edmisten, Charles Hall, Lorna Kernizan, Kimberly Korwek, Aaron Preston, Evan Rhoades, Shalin Shah, Lori Spight, Silvia Stradi, Sonia Wellman, Scott Zygadlo
BACKGROUND: Measuring and providing feedback about hand hygiene (HH) compliance is a complicated process. Electronic HH monitoring systems have been proposed as a possible solution; however, there is little information available about how to successfully implement and maintain these systems for maximum benefit in community hospitals. METHODS: An electronic HH monitoring system was implemented in 3 community hospitals by teams at each facility with support from the system vendor...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456322/electronic-monitoring-in-combination-with-direct-observation-as-a-means-to-significantly-improve-hand-hygiene-compliance
#17
REVIEW
John M Boyce
Monitoring hand hygiene compliance among health care personnel (HCP) is an essential element of hand hygiene promotion programs. Observation by trained auditors is considered the gold standard method for establishing hand hygiene compliance rates. Advantages of observational surveys include the unique ability to establish compliance with all of the World Health Organization "My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene" initiative Moments and to provide just-in-time coaching. Disadvantages include the resources required for observational surveys, insufficient sample sizes, and nonstandardized methods of conducting observations...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456319/hand-hygiene-electronic-monitoring-are-we-there-yet
#18
EDITORIAL
Daniela Pires, Didier Pittet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389091/workload-even-affects-hand-hygiene-in-a-highly-trained-and-well-staffed-setting-a-prospective-365-7-24-observational-study
#19
S Scheithauer, B Batzer, M Dangel, J Passweg, A Widmer
INTRODUCTION: Compliance with hand hygiene (HH) has often not proved satisfactory; high workload is a commonly self-reported reason. Previous studies comparing workload and compliance have not measured workload precisely and have focused on certain times of day. This study aimed to investigate the association between HH compliance and workload, both electronically defined 365/7/24 (primary endpoint). In addition, the quality of commonly used compliance defining methods (hand disinfectant usage, direct observation) was investigated (secondary endpoint)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302432/the-influence-of-spatial-configuration-on-the-frequency-of-use-of-hand-sanitizing-stations-in-health-care-environments
#20
Jun Rong Jeffrey Neo, Rana Sagha-Zadeh
BACKGROUND: The lack of user-friendly, accessible, and visible hand sanitizing stations (HSSs) in health care environments are significant factors affecting low hand hygiene compliance rates among caregivers. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the simulated parameters of visibility and global traffic flow score for an HSS can influence the frequency of use of that HSS. METHODS: Space syntax was used to measure virtual simulation of spatial layouts of 3 units to provide quantitative visibility and global traffic flow scores for each HSS...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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