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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440902/chinese-calligraphy-handwriting-cch-a-case-of-rehabilitative-awakening-of-a-coma-patient-after-stroke
#1
Henry Sr Kao, Stewart Pw Lam, Tin Tin Kao
Introduction: This study investigated the efficacy of Chinese calligraphy handwriting (CCH) for the awakening of patients under a vegetative state after stroke. The theories, the instrument, and the treatment protocols were reported. A single case of a severe stroke patient who was in a coma state for 2 years is presented in this study. The objectives were to apply finger writing as a new method to awaken a stroke patient in a coma state and to test the effect of this method in improving the patient's vegetative states over time...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426805/boveri-s-research-at-the-zoological-station-naples-rediscovery-of-his-original-microscope-slides-at-the-university-of-w%C3%A3-rzburg
#2
Ulrich Scheer
Eric Davidson once wrote about Theodor Boveri: "From his own researches, and perhaps most important, his generalized interpretations, derive the paradigms that underlie modern inquiries into the genomic basis of embryogenesis" (Davidson, 1985). As luck would have it, the "primary data" of Boveri's experimental work, namely the microscope slides prepared by him and his wife Marcella during several stays at the Zoological Station in Naples (1901/02, 1911/12 and 1914), have survived at the University of Würzburg...
February 6, 2018: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425248/electrooculography-based-continuous-eye-writing-recognition-system-for-efficient-assistive-communication-systems
#3
Fuming Fang, Takahiro Shinozaki
Human-computer interface systems whose input is based on eye movements can serve as a means of communication for patients with locked-in syndrome. Eye-writing is one such system; users can input characters by moving their eyes to follow the lines of the strokes corresponding to characters. Although this input method makes it easy for patients to get started because of their familiarity with handwriting, existing eye-writing systems suffer from slow input rates because they require a pause between input characters to simplify the automatic recognition process...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416207/contribution-of-arabic-medicine-and-pharmacy-to-the-development-of-health-care-protection-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-the-second-part
#4
Izet Masic
After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks. Although scientific progress in the Turkish period slowed down due to numerous unfavorable political-economic and other circumstances. Thanks to the Turks, Arabic culture and useful Islamic principles expanded to the territory of our homeland of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Significant role in the transfer of Arabic pharmaceutical knowledge was also attributed to the Sephardic Jews who, with their arrival, continued to perform their attar activities, which were largely based on Arab achievements...
December 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403348/training-for-micrographia-alters-neural-connectivity-in-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Evelien Nackaerts, Jochen Michely, Elke Heremans, Stephan P Swinnen, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman, Wim Vandenberghe, Christian Grefkes, Alice Nieuwboer
Despite recent advances in clarifying the neural networks underlying rehabilitation in Parkinson's disease (PD), the impact of prolonged motor learning interventions on brain connectivity in people with PD is currently unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare cortical network changes after 6 weeks of visually cued handwriting training (= experimental) with a placebo intervention to address micrographia, a common problem in PD. Twenty seven early Parkinson's patients on dopaminergic medication performed a pre-writing task in both the presence and absence of visual cues during behavioral tests and during fMRI...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395125/-the-road-to-patient-safety-facts-and-desire
#6
Carlos Aibar-Remón, Ignacio Barrasa-Villar, Javier Moliner-Lahoz, Isabel Gutiérrez-Cía, Laura Aibar-Villán, Blanca Obón-Azuara, Rosa Mareca-Doñate, David Ríos-Faure
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences between the need and degree of implementation of safe practices recommended for patient safety and to check the usefulness of traffic sign iconicity to promote their implementation. METHOD: The study was developed in two stages: 1) review of safe practices recommended by different organizations and 2) a survey to assess the perceptions for the need and implementation of them and the usefulness of signs to improve their implementation...
January 27, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366923/handwriting-difficulties-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#7
Agnese Capodieci, Simona Lachina, Cesare Cornoldi
Handwriting is fundamental in school and everyday life situations. Legibility guarantees that writing productions communicate information, and speed is often crucial, especially in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), in order to increase the likelihood of their being able to work efficiently and stay on-task during school activities. Preliminary reports have shown an impairment in handwriting of children with ADHD, but evidence is still unclear, especially in the case of speed where research has offered contradictory results...
January 20, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355982/ipad-applications-that-required-a-range-of-motor-skills-promoted-motor-coordination-in-children-commencing-primary-school
#8
Caitlin Axford, Annette V Joosten, Courtenay Harris
BACKGROUND/AIM: Children are reported to spend less time engaged in outdoor activity and object-related play than in the past. The increased use and mobility of technology, and the ease of use of tablet devices are some of the factors that have contributed to these changes. Concern has been raised that the use of such screen and surface devices in very young children is reducing their fine motor skill development. We examined the effectiveness of iPad applications that required specific motor skills designed to improve fine motor skills...
January 21, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322083/dataset-of-coded-handwriting-features-for-use-in-statistical-modelling
#9
Anna Agius, Marie Morelato, Sébastien Moret, Scott Chadwick, Kylie Jones, Rochelle Epple, James Brown, Claude Roux
The data presented here is related to the article titled, "Using handwriting to infer a writer's country of origin for forensic intelligence purposes" (Agius et al., 2017) [1]. This article reports original writer, spatial and construction characteristic data for thirty-seven English Australian writers and thirty-seven Vietnamese writers. All of these characteristics were coded and recorded in Microsoft Excel 2013 (version 15.31). The construction characteristics coded were only extracted from seven characters, which were: 'g', 'h', 'th', 'M', '0', '7' and '9'...
February 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284908/contribution-of-arabic-medicine-and-pharmacy-to-the-development-of-health-care-protection-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-the-first-part
#10
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Armin Skrbo, Nabil Naser, Salih Tandir, Lejla Zunic, Senad Medjedovic, Aziz Sukalo
The time interval from the 9th to the 13th century remained known as the "Golden period of the Arab science", and a significant place among the taught sciences are occupied by Medicine and Pharmacy. In the history of medicine, Islamic medicine, also known as Arabic medicine, refers to the science of medicine developed in the Islamic Golden Age, and written in Arabic Arabs were able to use their cultural and natural resources and trade links to contribute to the strong development of pharmacy. After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244611/learning-new-letter-like-writing-patterns-explicitly-and-implicitly-in-children-and-adults
#11
M Jongbloed-Pereboom, A Overvelde, M W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, B Steenbergen
A handwriting task was used to test the assumption that explicit learning is dependent on age and working memory, while implicit learning is not. The effect of age was examined by testing both, typically developing children (5-12 years old, n = 81) and adults (n = 27) in a counterbalanced within-subjects design. Participants were asked to repeatedly write letter-like patterns on a digitizer with a non-inking pen. Reproduction of the pattern was better after explicit learning compared to implicit learning. Age had positive effects on both explicit and implicit learning; working memory did not affect learning in either conditions...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243004/altered-effective-connectivity-contributes-to-micrographia-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-freezing-of-gait
#12
Evelien Nackaerts, Alice Nieuwboer, Sanne Broeder, Stephan Swinnen, Wim Vandenberghe, Elke Heremans
Recently, it was shown that patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and freezing of gait (FOG) can also experience freezing episodes during handwriting and present writing problems outside these episodes. So far, the neural networks underlying increased handwriting problems in subjects with FOG are unclear. This study used dynamic causal modeling of fMRI data to investigate neural network dynamics underlying freezing-related handwriting problems and how these networks changed in response to visual cues. Twenty-seven non-freezers and ten freezers performed a pre-writing task with and without visual cues in the scanner with their right hand...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223112/development-of-the-handwriting-legibility-scale-hls-a-preliminary-examination-of-reliability-and-validity
#13
Anna L Barnett, Mellissa Prunty, Sara Rosenblum
BACKGROUND: Demands for the production of legible handwriting produced in a timely manner increase as children progress through school. Despite the considerable number of children faced with handwriting difficulties, there is no quick and practical tool to assess legibility in this population. AIM: The aim of this study was to develop the Handwriting Legibility Scale (HLS) and to establish the scale's reliability and validity. METHODS: The HLS is a non-language dependent scale which assesses global legibility, based on five criteria applied to samples of 'free writing'...
December 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202337/using-handwriting-to-infer-a-writer-s-country-of-origin-for-forensic-intelligence-purposes
#14
Anna Agius, Marie Morelato, Sébastien Moret, Scott Chadwick, Kylie Jones, Rochelle Epple, James Brown, Claude Roux
Forensic science has traditionally focused the majority of its resources and objectives towards addressing Court-related questions. However, this view restricts the contribution of forensic science to one process and results in a loss of information as the investigative and intelligence roles are largely neglected. A forensic science discipline suffering from this imbalance is handwriting examination, which may be characterised as a time consuming and subjective process that is mostly carried out towards the end of the investigation for the purpose of judicial proceedings...
November 24, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192870/spatial-analysis-of-handwritten-texts-as-a-marker-of-cognitive-control
#15
Y Crespo, M F Soriano, S Iglesias-Parro, J I Aznarte, A J Ibáñez-Molina
We explore the idea that cognitive demands of the handwriting would influence the degree of automaticity of the handwriting process, which in turn would affect the geometric parameters of texts. We compared the heterogeneity of handwritten texts in tasks with different cognitive demands; the heterogeneity of texts was analyzed with lacunarity, a measure of geometrical invariance. In Experiment 1, we asked participants to perform two tasks that varied in cognitive demands: transcription and exposition about an autobiographical episode...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182954/assessment-of-signature-handwriting-evidence-via-score-based-likelihood-ratio-based-on-comparative-measurement-of-relevant-dynamic-features
#16
Xiao-Hong Chen, Christophe Champod, Xu Yang, Shao-Pei Shi, Yi-Wen Luo, Nan Wang, Ya-Chen Wang, Qi-Meng Lu
This paper extends on previous research on the extraction and statistical analysis on relevant dynamic features (width, grayscale and radian combined with writing sequence information) in forensic handwriting examinations. In this paper, a larger signature database was gathered, including genuine signatures, freehand imitation signatures, random forgeries and tracing imitation signatures, which are often encountered in casework. After applying Principle Component Analysis (PCA) of the variables describing the proximity between specimens, a two-dimensional kernel density estimation was used to describe the variability of within-genuine comparisons and genuine-forgery comparisons...
November 21, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164435/written-expression-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#17
Elizabeth Finnegan, Amy L Accardo
Although studies exist measuring the effectiveness of writing interventions for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research assessing the writing skills for this group is sparse. The present study identified differences in the written expression of individuals with ASD compared to typically developing (TD) peers, using variables selected from 13 different studies. Using Pearson Product Moment-correlation the relationship between the quality of research studies and the magnitude of the effect sizes was examined...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163320/morpheme-based-reading-and-writing-in-spanish-children-with-dyslexia
#18
Paz Suárez-Coalla, Cristina Martínez-García, Fernando Cuetos
It has been well documented that morphemic structure (roots and affixes) have an impact in reading, but effects seem to depend on the reading experience of readers and lexical characteristics of the stimuli. Specifically, it has been reported that morphemes constitute reading units for developing readers and children with dyslexia when they encounter a new word. In addition, recent studies have stated that the effect of morphology is also present in spelling, as morphological information facilitates spelling accuracy and influences handwriting times...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161949/learning-letters-with-the-whole-body-visuomotor-versus-visual-teaching-in-kindergarten
#19
Florence Bara, Nathalie Bonneton-Botté
What constitutes effective teaching of letter learning in early school years is still uncertain. We assessed the impact of a teacher-implemented visuomotor intervention program to teach 5-year-olds' cursive letter knowledge. We compared a program in which letters were explored with the arm and whole body, with a typical visual training program. Children were tested before and after the intervention with different measures of letter knowledge. We showed a greater improvement in letter recognition following the visuomotor intervention, compared with the visual intervention...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135428/handwriting-and-common-core-state-standards-teacher-occupational-therapist-and-administrator-perceptions-from-new-york-state-public-schools
#20
Debra Collette, Kylie Anson, Nora Halabi, April Schlierman, Allison Suriner
Handwriting is the cornerstone of written performance and communication for school-age children. This mixed-methods study explored the impact of Common Core State Standards on handwriting instruction and its effects on perceptions regarding children's written responses in elementary school. Using surveys and interviews of elementary teachers, occupational therapists, and administrators in New York State public schools, we sought to understand current trends in handwriting instruction, changes in time spent on handwriting instruction in the classroom, supports offered to students who did not meet expectations for handwriting, and the impact of Common Core on children's written expression...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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