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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512858/comprehension-of-handwriting-development-pen-grip-kinetics-in-handwriting-tasks-and-its-relation-to-fine-motor-skills-among-school-age-children
#1
Yu-Chen Lin, Yen-Li Chao, Shyi-Kuen Wu, Ho-Hsio Lin, Chieh-Hsiang Hsu, Hsiao-Man Hsu, Li-Chieh Kuo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Numerous tools have been developed to evaluate handwriting performances by analysing written products. However, few studies have directly investigated kinetic performances of digits when holding a pen. This study thus attempts to investigate pen-grip kinetics during writing tasks of school-age children and explore the relationship between the kinetic factors and fine motor skills. METHODS: This study recruited 181 children aged from 5 to 12 years old and investigated the effects of age on handwriting kinetics and the relationship between these and fine motor skills...
May 16, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489968/tailoring-multicomponent-writing-interventions-effects-of-coupling-self-regulation-and-transcription-training
#2
Teresa Limpo, Rui A Alves
Writing proficiency is heavily based on acquisition and development of self-regulation and transcription skills. The present study examined the effects of combining transcription training with a self-regulation intervention (self-regulated strategy development [SRSD]) in Grade 2 (ages 7-8). Forty-three students receiving self-regulation plus transcription (SRSD+TR) intervention were compared with 37 students receiving a self-regulation only (SRSD only) intervention and 39 students receiving the standard language arts curriculum...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475959/a-turn-on-type-stimuli-responsive-fluorescent-dye-with-specific-solvent-effect-implication-for-a-new-prototype-of-paper-using-water-as-the-ink
#3
Xiaochen Hu, Yang Liu, Yuai Duan, Jingqi Han, Zhongfeng Li, Tianyu Han
In this study, we reported the photoluminescence (PL) behaviour of a new intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) compound, ((E)-2-(((2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)methylene)amino)benzoic acid, (HABA), which shows ICT solvent effect in aprotic solvents as confirmed by absorption and emission spectra. While in protic solvents including water and ethanol, the charge transfer (CT) band significantly reduces. Remarkable fluorescence enhancement in the blue region was also observed for HABA in polar protic solvents. We described such phenomena as "specific solvent effect"...
April 29, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475590/benchmarking-desktop-and-mobile-handwriting-across-cots-devices-the-e-biosign-biometric-database
#4
Ruben Tolosana, Ruben Vera-Rodriguez, Julian Fierrez, Aythami Morales, Javier Ortega-Garcia
This paper describes the design, acquisition process and baseline evaluation of the new e-BioSign database, which includes dynamic signature and handwriting information. Data is acquired from 5 different COTS devices: three Wacom devices (STU-500, STU-530 and DTU-1031) specifically designed to capture dynamic signatures and handwriting, and two general purpose tablets (Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1 and Samsung ATIV 7). For the two Samsung tablets, data is collected using both pen stylus and also the finger in order to study the performance of signature verification in a mobile scenario...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436845/drawing-and-recognizing-chinese-characters-with-recurrent-neural-network
#5
Xu-Yao Zhang, Fei Yin, Yan-Ming Zhang, Cheng-Lin Liu, Yoshua Bengio
Recent deep learning based approaches have achieved great success on handwriting recognition. Chinese characters are among the most widely adopted writing systems in the world. Previous research has mainly focused on recognizing handwritten Chinese characters. However, recognition is only one aspect for understanding a language, another challenging and interesting task is to teach a machine to automatically write (pictographic) Chinese characters. In this paper, we propose a framework by using the recurrent neural network (RNN) as both a discriminative model for recognizing Chinese characters and a generative model for drawing (generating) Chinese characters...
April 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431439/-quality-of-and-attendance-at-healthy-child-clinics-in%C3%A2-germany
#6
Alexandra Weithase, Mandy Vogel, Henriette Kiep, Sarah Schwarz, Laura Meißner, Janine Herrmann, Kristin Rieger, Christiane Koch, Volker Schuster, Wieland Kiess
Background For several years the German healthy child clinics program has been a highly appreciated preventive measure and is subject to constant development. However, attendance depends on the families' sociodemographic situation. Findings are documented in a medical checkup booklet (the so-called Gelbes Heft). Currently, there is no procedure to use the data collected for epidemiological purposes nor to evaluate the pediatric prevention measures in Germany. Methods Between 2011 and 2016, we recruited 3480 study participants for our population-based cohort study LIFE Child in Leipzig...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422636/impact-of-pans-and-pandas-exacerbations-on-occupational-performance-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Janice Trigilio Tona, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Denise Calaprice
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections and involves sudden-onset neuropsychiatric symptoms, including obsessions, compulsions, sensory difficulties, and dysgraphia after infection or other triggers. Our objective was to identify problems with areas of occupation, body functions, and performance skills during exacerbations. METHOD: In this online retrospective study, based on the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (2nd ed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409178/banglalekha-isolated-a-multi-purpose-comprehensive-dataset-of-handwritten-bangla-isolated-characters
#8
Mithun Biswas, Rafiqul Islam, Gautam Kumar Shom, Md Shopon, Nabeel Mohammed, Sifat Momen, Anowarul Abedin
BanglaLekha-Isolated, a Bangla handwritten isolated character dataset is presented in this article. This dataset contains 84 different characters comprising of 50 Bangla basic characters, 10 Bangla numerals and 24 selected compound characters. 2000 handwriting samples for each of the 84 characters were collected, digitized and pre-processed. After discarding mistakes and scribbles, 1,66,105 handwritten character images were included in the final dataset. The dataset also includes labels indicating the age and the gender of the subjects from whom the samples were collected...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408774/historical-analyses-of-disordered-handwriting-perspectives-on-early-20th-century-material-from-a-german-psychiatric-hospital
#9
Markus Schiegg, Deborah Thorpe
Handwritten texts carry significant information, extending beyond the meaning of their words. Modern neurology, for example, benefits from the interpretation of the graphic features of writing and drawing for the diagnosis and monitoring of diseases and disorders. This article examines how handwriting analysis can be used, and has been used historically, as a methodological tool for the assessment of medical conditions and how this enhances our understanding of historical contexts of writing. We analyze handwritten material, writing tests and letters, from patients in an early 20th-century psychiatric hospital in southern Germany (Irsee/Kaufbeuren)...
January 2017: Writ Commun
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397485/large-area-cross-aligned-silver-nanowire-electrodes-for-flexible-transparent-and-force-sensitive-mechanochromic-touch-screens
#10
Seungse Cho, Saewon Kang, Ashish Pandya, Ravi Shanker, Ziyauddin Khan, Youngsu Lee, Jonghwa Park, Stephen L Craig, Hyunhyub Ko
Silver nanowire (AgNW) networks are considered to be promising structures for use as flexible transparent electrodes for various optoelectronic devices. One important application of AgNW transparent electrodes is the flexible touch screens. However, the performances of flexible touch screens are still limited by the large surface roughness and low electrical to optical conductivity ratio of random network AgNW electrodes. In addition, although the perception of writing force on the touch screen enables a variety of different functions, the current technology still relies on the complicated capacitive force touch sensors...
April 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389133/feasibility-study-effect-of-hand-resistance-exercise-on-handwriting-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-essential-tremor
#11
Mon S Bryant, Craig D Workman, Fariha Jamal, Hao Meng, George R Jackson
STUDY DESIGN: A single group, repeated measures design was used. INTRODUCTION: Tremor can lead to impaired hand function in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET). Difficulty with handwriting is a common complaint in these patients suffering from hand tremors. The effect of hand resistance exercise on handwriting is unknown. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To explore the influence of 6 weeks of home-based hand resistance exercise on handwriting in individuals with PD and ET...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364722/examining-authenticity-an-initial-exploration-of-the-suitability-of-handwritten-electronic-signatures
#12
J Heckeroth, C D Boywitt
Considering the increasing relevance of handwritten electronically captured signatures, we evaluated the ability of forensic handwriting examiners (FHEs) to distinguish between authentic and simulated electronic signatures. Sixty-six professional FHEs examined the authenticity of electronic signatures captured with software by signotec on a smartphone Galaxy Note 4 by Samsung and signatures made with a ballpoint pen on paper (conventional signatures). In addition, we experimentally varied the name ("J. König" vs...
March 29, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348536/the-interaction-between-central-and-peripheral-processing-in-chinese-handwritten-production-evidence-from-the-effect-of-lexicality-and-radical-complexity
#13
Qingfang Zhang, Chen Feng
The interaction between central and peripheral processing in written word production remains controversial. This study aims to investigate whether the effects of radical complexity and lexicality in central processing cascade into peripheral processing in Chinese written word production. The participants were asked to write characters and non-characters (lexicality) with different radical complexity (few- and many-strokes). The findings indicated that regardless of the lexicality, the writing latencies were longer for characters with higher complexity (the many-strokes condition) than for characters with lower complexity (the few-strokes condition)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319282/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-essential-tremor-retrospective-analysis-of-a-19-year-experience
#14
Ajay Niranjan, Sudesh S Raju, Ali Kooshkabadi, Edward Monaco, John C Flickinger, L Dade Lunsford
BACKGROUND: Essential Tremor (ET) is a common movement disorder that can be disabling. Initial treatment is in the form of medical therapies. Patients with medically refractory ET seek surgical intervention which include radiofrequency thalamotomy, deep brain stimulation, and radiosurgical thalamotomy. Radiosurgical thalamotomy is a minimally invasive surgical option which is especially valuable for elderly and high surgical risk patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze the outcomes of stereotactic radiosurgery for patients suffering from medically refractory essential tremor...
March 20, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314812/improvement-in-arm-and-hand-function-after-a-stroke-with-task-oriented-training
#15
Sharon Israely, Gerry Leisman, Eli Carmeli
A man aged 77 years sustained a left-hemisphere stroke with right hemiparesis. After spending 10 days in the hospital, he was referred to an area rehabilitation centre. There he carried out daily physical, occupational and speech therapy, with an emphasis on task-oriented treatment. The patient's upper-extremity motor performance was evaluated at admission to the rehabilitation centre and before leaving the hospital by 3 different measurement tools: the upper-extremity motor part of the Fugl-Meyer assessment scale, electromyography in hand-reach and grasp and object manipulation and handwriting tasks...
March 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290244/kinematic-and-pressure-features-of-handwriting-and-drawing-preliminary-results-between-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-alzheimer-disease-and-healthy-controls
#16
Josep Garre-Olmo, Marcos Faúndez-Zanuy, Karmele López-de-Ipiña, Laia Calvó-Perxas, Oriol Turró-Garriga
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative dementia of old age, and the leading chronic disease contributor to disability and dependence among older people worldwide. Clinically, AD is characterized by a progressive cognitive decline that interferes with the ability to perform the activities of daily living. Handwriting and drawing are complex human activities that entail an intricate blend of cognitive, kinesthetic, and perceptual-motor features. OBJECTIVE: To compare the kinematic characteristics of handwriting and drawing between patients with AD, patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and healthy controls...
March 9, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283470/rheumatic-fever-with-severe-carditis-still-prevalent-in-the-south-west-pacific
#17
Taran Kaur Nandra, Nigel J Wilson, John Artrip, Bruno Pagis
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has a worldwide prevalence of 33 million cases and 270 000 deaths annually, making it the most common acquired heart disease in the world. There is a disparate global burden in developing countries. This case report aims to address the minimal RHD coverage by the international medical community. A Tahitian boy aged 10 years was diagnosed with advanced heart failure secondary to RHD at a local clinic. Previous, subtle symptoms of changes in handwriting and months of fever had gone unrecognised...
March 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276960/effectiveness-of-a-self-regulated-remedial-program-for-handwriting-difficulties
#18
Hilde Van Waelvelde, Amy De Roubaix, Lien Steppe, Evy Troubleyn, Barbara De Mey, Griet Dewitte, Julie Debrabant, Dominique Van de Velde
BACKGROUND: Handwriting difficulties may have pervasive effects on a child's school performance. I Can! is a remedial handwriting program with a focus on self-regulated learning and applying motor learning principles combined with a behavioural approach. It is developed for typically developing children with handwriting problems. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to evaluate the program's effectiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one children aged 7-8 year participated in a cross-over study...
March 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261041/a-novel-hybrid-model-for-drawing-trace-reconstruction-from-multichannel-surface-electromyographic-activity
#19
Yumiao Chen, Zhongliang Yang
Recently, several researchers have considered the problem of reconstruction of handwriting and other meaningful arm and hand movements from surface electromyography (sEMG). Although much progress has been made, several practical limitations may still affect the clinical applicability of sEMG-based techniques. In this paper, a novel three-step hybrid model of coordinate state transition, sEMG feature extraction and gene expression programming (GEP) prediction is proposed for reconstructing drawing traces of 12 basic one-stroke shapes from multichannel surface electromyography...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260812/expanding-the-developmental-models-of-writing-a-direct-and-indirect-effects-model-of-developmental-writing-diew
#20
Young-Suk Grace Kim, Christopher Schatschneider
We investigated direct and indirect effects of component skills on writing (DIEW) using data from 193 children in Grade 1. In this model, working memory was hypothesized to be a foundational cognitive ability for language and cognitive skills as well as transcription skills, which, in turn, contribute to writing. Foundational oral language skills (vocabulary and grammatical knowledge) and higher-order cognitive skills (inference and theory of mind) were hypothesized to be component skills of text generation (i...
2017: Journal of Educational Psychology
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