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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649620/use-of-a-self-rating-scale-of-the-nature-and-severity-of-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease-pro-pd-correlation-with-quality-of-life-and-existing-scales-of-disease-severity
#1
Laurie K Mischley, Richard C Lau, Noel S Weiss
A self-rating scale was developed to permit patient-reported, remote assessment of Parkinson's disease symptom severity. The goal was to create a continuous outcome measure that does not require a clinical exam, does not fluctuate in response to dopaminergic medications, takes only a few minutes to complete, allows for stratification by symptom(s), and captures both motor and non-motor Parkinson's disease symptoms, major contributors to quality of life. The Patient Reported Outcomes in Parkinson's Disease (PRO-PD) is the cumulative score of 32 slider bars, each evaluating a common Parkinson's disease symptom...
2017: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612023/perception-of-community-pharmacists-towards-dispensing-errors-in-community-pharmacy-setting-in-gondar-town-northwest-ethiopia
#2
Dessalegn Asmelashe Gelayee, Gashaw Binega Mekonnen
BACKGROUND: Dispensing errors are inevitable occurrences in community pharmacies across the world. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the community pharmacists' perception towards dispensing errors in the community pharmacies in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 47 community pharmacists selected through convenience sampling. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test, and Pearson's Chi-square test of independence were conducted with P ≤ 0...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608521/cultural-entrainment-of-motor-skill-development-learning-to-write-hiragana-in-japanese-primary-school
#3
Tetsushi Nonaka
The aim of the present study was to examine how the social norms shared in a classroom environment influence the development of movement dynamics of handwriting of children who participate in the environment. To look into this issue, the following aspects of the entire period of classroom learning of hiragana letters in Japanese 1st graders who had just entered primary school were studied: First, the structure of classroom events and the specific types of interaction and learning within such environment were described...
June 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597728/theorization-and-an-empirical-investigation-of-the-component-based-and-developmental-text-writing-fluency-construct
#4
Young-Suk Grace Kim, Brandy Gatlin, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Jeanne Wanzek
We discuss a component-based, developmental view of text writing fluency, which we tested using data from children in Grades 2 and 3. Text writing fluency was defined as efficiency and automaticity in writing connected texts, which acts as a mediator between text generation (oral language), transcription skills, and writing quality. We hypothesized that in the beginning phase, text writing fluency would be largely constrained by transcription skills (spelling and handwriting), while at a later phase, oral language would make an independent contribution to text writing fluency...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576604/task-dependent-variability-of-essential-tremor
#5
Nicole Schuhmayer, Corinna Weber, Markus Kieler, Bernhard Voller, Walter Pirker, Eduard Auff, Dietrich Haubenberger
INTRODUCTION: In Essential Tremor (ET), tremor characteristics and the impairment caused by tremor may vary from task to task. A variability of tremor frequency between postural and kinetic tasks has been proposed in ET, suggesting either multiple central oscillating networks, or peripheral or proprioceptive feedback-mechanisms. This electrophysiological study aimed to assess tremor frequencies and amplitudes in tasks involving postural and kinetic tremor, and compare findings within and across tasks, to delineate physiological differences underlying individually affected manual tasks in ET...
May 20, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575760/benign-childhood-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes-bects-and-developmental-co-ordination-disorder
#6
Amanda Kirby, Natalie Williams, Loes Koelewijn, Lisa M Brindley, Suresh D Muthukumaraswamy, Johann Te Water Naudé, Marie Thomas, Frances Gibbon, Krish D Singh, Khalid Hamandi
BACKGROUND: Benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (BECTS) is a common childhood epilepsy syndrome also known as Rolandic Epilepsy (RE). Neurocognitive phenotypes have been described with greater focus on attention, reading and language domains but there have been far fewer studies focusing on motor functioning. This study included measures of motor, language and cognition in order to investigate the range, degree and pattern of difficulties associated with BECTS in a case series of children, but with a particular emphasis on motor skills...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547999/a-long-term-self-managed-handwriting-intervention-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-the-control-group-of-a-phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Johnny Collett, Marloes Franssen, Charlotte Winward, Hooshang Izadi, Andy Meaney, Wala Mahmoud, Marko Bogdanovic, Martin Tims, Derick Wade, Helen Dawes
OBJECTIVE: To report on the control group of a trial primarily designed to investigate exercise for improving mobility in people with Parkinson's disease (pwP). The control group undertook a handwriting intervention to control for attention and time spent practising a specific activity. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a two-arm parallel phase II randomized controlled trial with blind assessment. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: PwP able to walk ⩾100 m and with no contraindication to exercise were recruited from the Thames Valley, UK, and randomized (1:1) to exercise or handwriting, via a concealed computer-generated list...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512858/comprehension-of-handwriting-development-pen-grip-kinetics-in-handwriting-tasks-and-its-relation-to-fine-motor-skills-among-school-age-children
#8
Yu-Chen Lin, Yen-Li Chao, Shyi-Kuen Wu, Ho-Hsio Lin, Chieh-Hsiang Hsu, Hsiao-Man Hsu, Li-Chieh Kuo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Numerous tools have been developed to evaluate handwriting performances by analysing written products. However, few studies have directly investigated kinetic performances of digits when holding a pen. This study thus attempts to investigate pen-grip kinetics during writing tasks of school-age children and explore the relationship between the kinetic factors and fine motor skills. METHODS: This study recruited 181 children aged from 5 to 12 years old and investigated the effects of age on handwriting kinetics and the relationship between these and fine motor skills...
May 16, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489968/tailoring-multicomponent-writing-interventions-effects-of-coupling-self-regulation-and-transcription-training
#9
Teresa Limpo, Rui A Alves
Writing proficiency is heavily based on acquisition and development of self-regulation and transcription skills. The present study examined the effects of combining transcription training with a self-regulation intervention (self-regulated strategy development [SRSD]) in Grade 2 (ages 7-8). Forty-three students receiving self-regulation plus transcription (SRSD+TR) intervention were compared with 37 students receiving a self-regulation only (SRSD only) intervention and 39 students receiving the standard language arts curriculum...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475959/a-turn-on-type-stimuli-responsive-fluorescent-dye-with-specific-solvent-effect-implication-for-a-new-prototype-of-paper-using-water-as-the-ink
#10
Xiaochen Hu, Yang Liu, Yuai Duan, Jingqi Han, Zhongfeng Li, Tianyu Han
In this study, we reported the photoluminescence (PL) behaviour of a new intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) compound, ((E)-2-(((2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)methylene)amino)benzoic acid, (HABA), which shows ICT solvent effect in aprotic solvents as confirmed by absorption and emission spectra. While in protic solvents including water and ethanol, the charge transfer (CT) band significantly reduces. Remarkable fluorescence enhancement in the blue region was also observed for HABA in polar protic solvents. We described such phenomena as "specific solvent effect"...
April 29, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475590/benchmarking-desktop-and-mobile-handwriting-across-cots-devices-the-e-biosign-biometric-database
#11
Ruben Tolosana, Ruben Vera-Rodriguez, Julian Fierrez, Aythami Morales, Javier Ortega-Garcia
This paper describes the design, acquisition process and baseline evaluation of the new e-BioSign database, which includes dynamic signature and handwriting information. Data is acquired from 5 different COTS devices: three Wacom devices (STU-500, STU-530 and DTU-1031) specifically designed to capture dynamic signatures and handwriting, and two general purpose tablets (Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1 and Samsung ATIV 7). For the two Samsung tablets, data is collected using both pen stylus and also the finger in order to study the performance of signature verification in a mobile scenario...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436845/drawing-and-recognizing-chinese-characters-with-recurrent-neural-network
#12
Xu-Yao Zhang, Fei Yin, Yan-Ming Zhang, Cheng-Lin Liu, Yoshua Bengio
Recent deep learning based approaches have achieved great success on handwriting recognition. Chinese characters are among the most widely adopted writing systems in the world. Previous research has mainly focused on recognizing handwritten Chinese characters. However, recognition is only one aspect for understanding a language, another challenging and interesting task is to teach a machine to automatically write (pictographic) Chinese characters. In this paper, we propose a framework by using the recurrent neural network (RNN) as both a discriminative model for recognizing Chinese characters and a generative model for drawing (generating) Chinese characters...
April 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431439/-quality-of-and-attendance-at-healthy-child-clinics-in%C3%A2-germany
#13
Alexandra Weithase, Mandy Vogel, Henriette Kiep, Sarah Schwarz, Laura Meißner, Janine Herrmann, Kristin Rieger, Christiane Koch, Volker Schuster, Wieland Kiess
Background For several years the German healthy child clinics program has been a highly appreciated preventive measure and is subject to constant development. However, attendance depends on the families' sociodemographic situation. Findings are documented in a medical checkup booklet (the so-called Gelbes Heft). Currently, there is no procedure to use the data collected for epidemiological purposes nor to evaluate the pediatric prevention measures in Germany. Methods Between 2011 and 2016, we recruited 3480 study participants for our population-based cohort study LIFE Child in Leipzig...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422636/impact-of-pans-and-pandas-exacerbations-on-occupational-performance-a-mixed-methods-study
#14
Janice Trigilio Tona, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Denise Calaprice
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections and involves sudden-onset neuropsychiatric symptoms, including obsessions, compulsions, sensory difficulties, and dysgraphia after infection or other triggers. Our objective was to identify problems with areas of occupation, body functions, and performance skills during exacerbations. METHOD: In this online retrospective study, based on the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (2nd ed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409178/banglalekha-isolated-a-multi-purpose-comprehensive-dataset-of-handwritten-bangla-isolated-characters
#15
Mithun Biswas, Rafiqul Islam, Gautam Kumar Shom, Md Shopon, Nabeel Mohammed, Sifat Momen, Anowarul Abedin
BanglaLekha-Isolated, a Bangla handwritten isolated character dataset is presented in this article. This dataset contains 84 different characters comprising of 50 Bangla basic characters, 10 Bangla numerals and 24 selected compound characters. 2000 handwriting samples for each of the 84 characters were collected, digitized and pre-processed. After discarding mistakes and scribbles, 1,66,105 handwritten character images were included in the final dataset. The dataset also includes labels indicating the age and the gender of the subjects from whom the samples were collected...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408774/historical-analyses-of-disordered-handwriting-perspectives-on-early-20th-century-material-from-a-german-psychiatric-hospital
#16
Markus Schiegg, Deborah Thorpe
Handwritten texts carry significant information, extending beyond the meaning of their words. Modern neurology, for example, benefits from the interpretation of the graphic features of writing and drawing for the diagnosis and monitoring of diseases and disorders. This article examines how handwriting analysis can be used, and has been used historically, as a methodological tool for the assessment of medical conditions and how this enhances our understanding of historical contexts of writing. We analyze handwritten material, writing tests and letters, from patients in an early 20th-century psychiatric hospital in southern Germany (Irsee/Kaufbeuren)...
January 2017: Written communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397485/large-area-cross-aligned-silver-nanowire-electrodes-for-flexible-transparent-and-force-sensitive-mechanochromic-touch-screens
#17
Seungse Cho, Saewon Kang, Ashish Pandya, Ravi Shanker, Ziyauddin Khan, Youngsu Lee, Jonghwa Park, Stephen L Craig, Hyunhyub Ko
Silver nanowire (AgNW) networks are considered to be promising structures for use as flexible transparent electrodes for various optoelectronic devices. One important application of AgNW transparent electrodes is the flexible touch screens. However, the performances of flexible touch screens are still limited by the large surface roughness and low electrical to optical conductivity ratio of random network AgNW electrodes. In addition, although the perception of writing force on the touch screen enables a variety of different functions, the current technology still relies on the complicated capacitive force touch sensors...
April 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389133/feasibility-study-effect-of-hand-resistance-exercise-on-handwriting-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-essential-tremor
#18
Mon S Bryant, Craig D Workman, Fariha Jamal, Hao Meng, George R Jackson
STUDY DESIGN: A single group, repeated measures design was used. INTRODUCTION: Tremor can lead to impaired hand function in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET). Difficulty with handwriting is a common complaint in these patients suffering from hand tremors. The effect of hand resistance exercise on handwriting is unknown. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To explore the influence of 6 weeks of home-based hand resistance exercise on handwriting in individuals with PD and ET...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364722/examining-authenticity-an-initial-exploration-of-the-suitability-of-handwritten-electronic-signatures
#19
J Heckeroth, C D Boywitt
Considering the increasing relevance of handwritten electronically captured signatures, we evaluated the ability of forensic handwriting examiners (FHEs) to distinguish between authentic and simulated electronic signatures. Sixty-six professional FHEs examined the authenticity of electronic signatures captured with software by signotec on a smartphone Galaxy Note 4 by Samsung and signatures made with a ballpoint pen on paper (conventional signatures). In addition, we experimentally varied the name ("J. König" vs...
March 29, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348536/the-interaction-between-central-and-peripheral-processing-in-chinese-handwritten-production-evidence-from-the-effect-of-lexicality-and-radical-complexity
#20
Qingfang Zhang, Chen Feng
The interaction between central and peripheral processing in written word production remains controversial. This study aims to investigate whether the effects of radical complexity and lexicality in central processing cascade into peripheral processing in Chinese written word production. The participants were asked to write characters and non-characters (lexicality) with different radical complexity (few- and many-strokes). The findings indicated that regardless of the lexicality, the writing latencies were longer for characters with higher complexity (the many-strokes condition) than for characters with lower complexity (the few-strokes condition)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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