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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689170/curriculum-based-handwriting-programs-a-systematic-review-with-effect-sizes
#1
Courtney Engel, Kristin Lillie, Sarah Zurawski, Brittany G Travers
Challenges with handwriting can have a negative impact on academic performance, and these challenges are commonly addressed by occupational therapy practitioners in school settings. This systematic review examined the efficacy of curriculum-based interventions to address children's handwriting difficulties in the classroom (preschool to second grade). We reviewed and computed effect sizes for 13 studies (11 Level II, 2 Level III) identified through a comprehensive database search. The evidence shows that curriculum-based handwriting interventions resulted in small- to medium-sized improvements in legibility, a commonly reported challenge in this age group...
May 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689111/inter-relationships-between-objective-handwriting-features-and-executive-control-among-children-with-developmental-dysgraphia
#2
Sara Rosenblum
OBJECTIVE: To describe handwriting and executive control features and their inter-relationships among children with developmental dysgraphia, in comparison to controls. METHOD: Participants included 64 children, aged 10-12 years, 32 with dysgraphia based on the Handwriting Proficiency Screening Questionnaire (HPSQ) and 32 matched controls. Children copied a paragraph onto paper affixed to a digitizer that supplied handwriting process objective measures (Computerized Penmanship Evaluation Tool (ComPET)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675766/the-relationship-between-sensorimotor-and-handwriting-performance-in-chinese-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Cecilia W P Li-Tsang, Tim M H Li, Choco H Y Ho, Mandy S W Lau, Howard W H Leung
Impaired sensorimotor control, as a common feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), could be a driving factor to handwriting problems. This study examined the Chinese and English handwriting and sensorimotor skills of 15 ASD and 174 typically developing Chinese adolescents. Participants with ASD had lower writing speed and poor manual dexterity (MD) than the typically developing participants. MD was a significant mediator between ASD and handwriting speed. Ground time and airtime represent the length of time when the pen touches the paper and is held in air, respectively...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667124/what-do-the-experts-know-calibration-precision-and-the-wisdom-of-crowds-among-forensic-handwriting-experts
#4
Kristy A Martire, Bethany Growns, Danielle J Navarro
Forensic handwriting examiners currently testify to the origin of questioned handwriting for legal purposes. However, forensic scientists are increasingly being encouraged to assign probabilities to their observations in the form of a likelihood ratio. This study is the first to examine whether handwriting experts are able to estimate the frequency of US handwriting features more accurately than novices. The results indicate that the absolute error for experts was lower than novices, but the size of the effect is modest, and the overall error rate even for experts is large enough as to raise questions about whether their estimates can be sufficiently trustworthy for presentation in courts...
April 17, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664177/-osler-warned-was-william-osler-a-grave-robber-while-at-mcgill-or-was-he-a-victim-or-perpetrator-of-one-final-practical-joke
#5
James R Wright
Bodysnatching was an illegal way to procure cadavers for anatomical dissection before the existence of effective anatomy legislation. As knowledge of anatomy was fundamental to medical practice, many famous 19th century physicians turned a blind eye to this activity or even participated. Sir William Osler, perhaps the most revered physician of all time, received his medical degree from McGill University in 1872 and then served as pathologist at Montreal General Hospital from 1874 to 1884, where he began a career which culminated in him becoming both the first Professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins and then Regius Professor at Oxford...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656792/training-children-aged-5-10-years-in-manual-compliance-control-to-improve-drawing-and-handwriting
#6
Geoffrey P Bingham, Winona Snapp-Childs
A large proportion of school-aged children exhibit poor drawing and handwriting. This prevalence limits the availability of therapy. We developed an automated method for training improved manual compliance control and relatedly, prospective control of a stylus. The approach included a difficult training task, while providing parametrically modifiable support that enables the children to perform successfully while developing good compliance control. The task was to use a stylus to push a bead along a 3D wire path...
April 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606845/movement-issues-identified-in-movement-abc2-checklist-parent-ratings-for-students-with-persisting-dysgraphia-dyslexia-and-owl-ld-and-typical-literacy-learners
#7
Kathleen Nielsen, Sheila Henderson, Anna L Barnett, Robert D Abbott, Virginia Berninger
Movement, which draws on motor skills and executive functions for managing them, plays an important role in literacy learning (e.g., movement of mouth during oral reading and movement of hand and fingers during writing); but relatively little research has focused on movement skills in students with specific learning disabilities as the current study did. Parents completed normed Movement Assessment Battery for Children Checklist, 2nd edition (ABC-2), ratings and their children in grades 4 to 9 ( M = 11 years, 11 months; 94 boys, 61 girls) completed diagnostic assessment used to assign them to diagnostic groups: control typical language learning ( N = 42), dysgraphia (impaired handwriting) ( N = 29), dyslexia (impaired word decoding/reading and spelling) ( N = 65), or oral and written language learning disability (OWL LD) (impaired syntax in oral and written language) ( N = 19)...
2018: Learning Disabilities (Pittsburgh, Pa.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605507/developmental-dysgraphia-is-often-associated-with-minor-neurological-dysfunction-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-dcd
#8
Clémence Lopez, Cherhazad Hemimou, Bernard Golse, Laurence Vaivre-Douret
OBJECTIVES: Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are particularly affected by handwriting disorders, which remain poorly understood and are not clearly defined. The aim of our study is to provide a better understanding of handwriting disorders, and specifically of dysgraphia in children with DCD. METHODS: Sixty-five children with DCD (5-15 years), enrolled according to DSM-5, were assessed with handwriting testing and standardized assessments of neuropsychological, neurovisual, MRI and neuropsychomotor functions, with special attention paid to muscular tone examination...
March 28, 2018: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545705/the-effect-of-fine-motor-skills-on-handwriting-legibility-in-preschool-age-children
#9
Sang-Min Seo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect that fine motor skills have on handwriting legibility in children of preschool age. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 52 children of normal growth and development. In order to ascertain handwriting legibility, a Korean alphabet writing assessment was used; to measure fine motor skills, fine motor precision and manual dexterity, sub-items of BOT-2 were measured. Furthermore, in order to measure in-hand manipulation skills, a Functional Dexterity Test was conducted...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545569/author-correction-children-s-first-handwriting-productions-show-a-rhythmic-structure
#10
Elena Pagliarini, Lisa Scocchia, Mirta Vernice, Marina Zoppello, Umberto Balottin, Sana Bouamama, Maria Teresa Guasti, Natale Stucchi
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526268/analysing-and-exemplifying-forensic-conclusion-criteria-in-terms-of-bayesian-decision-theory
#11
A Biedermann, S Bozza, F Taroni
There is ongoing discussion in forensic science and the law about the nature of the conclusions reached based on scientific evidence, and on how such conclusions - and conclusion criteria - may be justified by rational argument. Examples, among others, are encountered in fields such as fingermarks (e.g., 'this fingermark comes from Mr. A's left thumb'), handwriting examinations (e.g., 'the questioned signature is that of Mr. A'), kinship analyses (e.g., 'Mr. A is the father of child C') or anthropology (e.g...
March 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514660/does-chinese-calligraphy-therapy-reduce-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Kuan-Yu Chu, Chih-Yang Huang, Wen-Chen Ouyang
BACKGROUND: There are currently no systematic reviews or meta-analyses of Chinese calligraphy therapy (CCT) to reduce neuropsychiatric symptoms. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to explore the efficacy of CCT for people with neuropsychiatric symptoms. METHODS: We searched Chinese and English databases, including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Wanfang Data for relevant articles published between the earliest year available and December 2016...
March 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505974/how-beginning-handwriting-is-influenced-by-letter-knowledge-visual-motor-coordination-during-children-s-form-copying
#13
Nicholas E Fears, Jeffrey J Lockman
Even with recent technological advances, handwriting remains the developmental foundation from which communication via written language unfolds. Despite the importance of handwriting to academic success, previous research with beginning school-age children has only indirectly measured the processes of handwriting using post hoc assessments of legibility and accuracy. We adapted new head-mounted eye-tracking methods to directly measure visual-motor coordination of preschool and early elementary school children (N = 40) as they copied familiar (English letters) and unfamiliar (Cyrillic symbols) letter-like forms in real time...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488824/reading-and-writing-skills-in-children-with-specific-learning-disabilities-with-and-without-developmental-coordination-disorder
#14
Carlo Di Brina, Roberto Averna, Paola Rampoldi, Serena Rossetti, Roberta Penge
This pilot study is to investigate the influence of a developmental coordination disorder (DCD) comorbidity in a group of children with learning disability (LD). Reading and writing were assessed to investigate if the coexistence of a motor impairment can worsen writing quality, speed, and reading accuracy. A sample of 33 LD children (aged 7-11 years) was divided in two subgroups, on the base of their scores on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children: LD-only (n = 14) and LD with a comorbidity for DCD (LD-DCD, n = 19)...
February 28, 2018: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487511/functional-mri-of-handwriting-tasks-a-study-of-healthy-young-adults-interacting-with-a-novel-touch-sensitive-tablet
#15
Mahta Karimpoor, Nathan W Churchill, Fred Tam, Corinne E Fischer, Tom A Schweizer, Simon J Graham
Handwriting is a complex human activity that engages a blend of cognitive and visual motor skills. Current understanding of the neural correlates of handwriting has largely come from lesion studies of patients with impaired handwriting. Task-based fMRI studies would be useful to supplement this work. To address concerns over ecological validity, previously we developed a fMRI-compatible, computerized tablet system for writing and drawing including visual feedback of hand position and an augmented reality display...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466509/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-detailed-assessment-of-speed-of-handwriting-17-to-brazilian-portuguese-conceptual-item-and-semantic-equivalence
#16
Monique Herrera Cardoso, Simone Aparecida Capellini
PURPOSE: Perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Detailed Assessment of Speed of Handwriting 17+ (DASH 17+) for Brazilians. METHODS: Evaluation of (1) conceptual, item and (2) semantic equivalence, with assistance of four translators and application of a pilot study to 36 students. RESULTS: (1) The concepts and items are equivalent in the British and Brazilian cultures. (2) Adaptations were made concerning the English language pangram used in copying tasks and selection of the lower-case, cursive handwriting in the alphabet-writing task...
February 19, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460687/is-graphology-useful-in-assessing-major-depression
#17
Marco Giannini, Pietro Pellegrini, Alessio Gori, Yura Loscalzo
This study aimed to develop a handwriting analysis protocol for assessing severe major depressive disorder, in order to evaluate whether graphological analysis could be considered an objective tool and hence if it could be useful for clinicians in their early diagnosis. We modified and improved the methodology described by Lorusso et al. by proposing different graphic indexes based both on the literature and on the observation of a preliminary sample of 13 handwritings of patients affected by major depressive disorder...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460683/writing-abilities-and-the-role-of-working-memory-in-children-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Agnese Capodieci, Alice Serafini, Alice Dessuki, Cesare Cornoldi
The writing abilities of children with ADHD symptoms were examined in a simple dictation task, and then in two conditions with concurrent verbal or visuospatial working memory (WM) loads. The children with ADHD symptoms generally made more spelling mistakes than controls, and the concurrent loads impaired their performance, but with partly different effects. The concurrent verbal WM task prompted an increase in the phonological errors, while the concurrent visuospatial WM task prompted more non-phonological errors, matching the Italian phonology, but not the Italian orthography...
February 20, 2018: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440902/chinese-calligraphy-handwriting-cch-a-case-of-rehabilitative-awakening-of-a-coma-patient-after-stroke
#19
Henry Sr Kao, Stewart Pw Lam, Tin Tin Kao
Introduction: This study investigated the efficacy of Chinese calligraphy handwriting (CCH) for the awakening of patients under a vegetative state after stroke. The theories, the instrument, and the treatment protocols were reported. A single case of a severe stroke patient who was in a coma state for 2 years is presented in this study. The objectives were to apply finger writing as a new method to awaken a stroke patient in a coma state and to test the effect of this method in improving the patient's vegetative states over time...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426805/boveri-s-research-at-the-zoological-station-naples-rediscovery-of-his-original-microscope-slides-at-the-university-of-w%C3%A3-rzburg
#20
Ulrich Scheer
Eric Davidson once wrote about Theodor Boveri: "From his own researches, and perhaps most important, his generalized interpretations, derive the paradigms that underlie modern inquiries into the genomic basis of embryogenesis" (Davidson, 1985). As luck would have it, the "primary data" of Boveri's experimental work, namely the microscope slides prepared by him and his wife Marcella during several stays at the Zoological Station in Naples (1901/02, 1911/12 and 1914), have survived at the University of Würzburg...
February 6, 2018: Marine Genomics
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