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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727796/effects-of-health-risk-assessment-and-counselling-on-physical-activity-in-older-people-a-pragmatic-randomised-trial
#1
Anna Marie Herghelegiu, André Moser, Gabriel Ioan Prada, Stephan Born, Matthias Wilhelm, Andreas E Stuck
BACKGROUND: Interventions to increase physical activity (PA) among older community-dwelling adults may be enhanced by using multidimensional health risk assessment (HRA) as a basis for PA counselling. METHODS: The study was conducted among nondisabled but mostly frail persons 65 years of age and older at an ambulatory geriatric clinic in Bucharest, Romania. From May to July 2014, 200 participants were randomly allocated to intervention and control groups. Intervention group participants completed an initial HRA questionnaire and then had monthly counselling sessions with a geriatrician over a period of six months that were aimed at increasing low or maintaining higher PA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725612/vasectomy-reversal-for-post-vasectomy-pain-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
L I Smith-Harrison, Ryan P Smith
Post-vasectomy pain syndrome (PVPS) is a rare, but devastating outcome following vasectomy. Given the widespread utilization of vasectomy for permanent contraception, with more than 500,000 procedures performed annually in the United States, it can be a significant challenge for both patients and providers. Vasectomy reversal is a surgical option for men who fail conservative or medical management. Despite improvements in technique, vasectomy carries some inherent risks making pre-procedure counseling regarding the risks of PVPS paramount...
May 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718463/-chewing-on-bruxism-associations-consequences-and-management
#3
F Lobbezoo, R Jacobs, A DE Laat, G Aarab, P Wetselaar, D Manfredini
In this second part of a diptych on bruxism, the focus is on the associations of this masticatory muscle activity with other sleep-related conditions. Its association with the obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) has been a particular object of study. Bruxism seems to play a protective role in OSAS, although the evidence for this is not yet conclusive. Apart from this possible positive consequence, bruxism also has several negative consequences, for which evidence is available to a greater or lesser extent...
July 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712889/the-adjustable-transobturator-male-system-in-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate
#4
Alexander Friedl, Jenifer Schneeweiss, Kathrin Stangl, Sandra Mühlstädt, Roman Zachoval, Stephan Hruby, Therese Gründler, Danijel Kivaranovic, Paolo Fornara, Lukas Lusuardi, Clemens Brössner
Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of the adjustable transobturator male system (ATOMS) in males with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Materials and methods From a large international prospectively administrated ATOMS-register we identified 49 patients with an ATOMS device due to persistent SUI after TURP. For evaluation males were divided into standard TURP (sTURP) and palliative/post radiation TURP (pTURP). Baseline and follow-up measurements included continence parameters, urodynamics, quality of life surveys (PGI-I, ICIQ-SF) and pain ratings...
July 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707741/randomized-clinical-trial-of-psychological-support-and-sleep-adjuvant-measures-for-postoperative-sleep-disturbance-in-patients-undergoing-oesophagectomy
#5
M Scarpa, E Pinto, E Saraceni, F Cavallin, M Parotto, R Alfieri, M T Nardi, M R Marchi, M Cagol, C Castoro
BACKGROUND: Major surgery such as oesophagectomy requires a postoperative stay in intensive care. Painful stimuli lead to sleep disturbance and impairment in quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of psychological counselling and sleep adjuvant measures on postoperative quality of sleep and quality of life. METHODS: This RCT was performed between January 2013 and October 2015. Patients undergoing oesophagectomy for cancer were randomized into one of four groups receiving: psychological counselling plus sleep adjuvant measures during the ICU stay; psychological counselling alone; sleep adjuvant measures alone during the ICU stay; or standard care...
July 14, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705181/the-impact-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-symptom-burden-among-hiv-outpatients-with-low-cd4-count-in-rural-uganda-nested-longitudinal-cohort-study
#6
Katie Wakeham, Richard Harding, Jonathan Levin, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Anatoli Kamali, David G Lalloo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with HIV have a high prevalence of physical and psychological symptoms throughout their disease course. Despite the clinical and public health implications of unresolved pain and symptoms, little is known about the effect of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) on these outcomes. This study aimed to assess the impact on symptom burden for the year after ART initiation in individuals with a CD4 count <200 cells/uL in Uganda. METHODS: HIV-infected, ART-naıve adults referred from voluntary testing and counseling services in rural Uganda for enrollment into a randomized controlled trial to test fluconazole as primary prophylaxis against cryptococcal disease were invited to complete the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form (MSAS-SF) prior to commencing ART and at two subsequent follow up visits...
July 13, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700063/reassessment-of-quality-of-life-domains-in-patients-with-compensated-chagas-heart-failure-after-participating-in-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#7
Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Fernanda de Souza Nogueira Sardinha Mendes, Vivian Liane Mattos Pinto, Paula Simplício da Silva, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno, Andrea Silvestre de Sousa
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the effects of a cardiac rehabilitation program on quality of life. METHODS: This secondary analysis of a single-arm study included 12 patients with Chagas heart failure. The cardiac rehabilitation program comprised exercise training and nutritional and pharmaceutical counseling. Quality of life was assessed using the SF-36 questionnaire. RESULTS: The program promoted improved physical functioning (β= +5.7; p=0...
May 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699410/a-patient-s-perspective-of-chronic-pain
#8
Sara G Nadler
Sara Gilbert Nadler speaks to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Sara has obtained a Bachelor's Degree and Master's in social work. Her field of practice in social work has been in the field of medical social work. Sara has worked in the field of medical social work for over 20 years; her work has spanned from acute care hospitals to skilled nursing facilities. Her professional responsibilities include case management, discharge planning, financial management, counselling patients and their families in regard to their medical conditions as well as making referrals to home care agencies and other care providers if necessary...
July 12, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697676/a-comparison-trial-between-three-treatment-modalities-for-the-management-of-myofascial-pain-of-jaw-muscles-a-preliminary-study
#9
Daniele Manfredini, Lorenzo Favero, Francesco Cocilovo, Monica Monici, Luca Guarda-Nardini
OBJECTIVES: To compare three treatment modalities for the management of myofascial pain of jaw muscles. METHODS: Thirty (N = 30) patients with low pain-related impairment were randomly assigned to receive laser therapy (LST), oral appliance therapy (OA), or counseling (CSL). Visual Analog Scale (VAS) pain levels and the Muscular Index (MI) of the Craniomandibular Index were the outcome variables, which were assessed at baseline, at three weeks, three months, and six months...
July 11, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688984/patient-profiling-can-identify-adult-spinal-deformity-asd-patients-at-risk-for-conversion-from-nonoperative-to-surgical-treatment-initial-steps-to-reduce-ineffective-asd-management
#10
Peter G Passias, Cyrus M Jalai, Breton G Line, Gregory W Poorman, Justin K Scheer, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Douglas C Burton, Kai-Ming G Fu, Eric O Klineberg, Robert A Hart, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Shay Bess
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Non-operative management is a common initial treatment for adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients despite reported superiority of surgery with regard to outcomes. Ineffective medical care is a large source of resource drain on the health system. Characterization of ASD patients likely to elect for operative treatment from nonoperative management may allow for more efficient patient counseling and cost savings. PURPOSE: To identify deformity and disability characteristics of ASD patients that ultimately convert to operative treatment compared to those that remain non-operative and those that initially choose surgery...
July 5, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686644/physical-activity-and-the-mediating-effect-of-fear-depression-anxiety-and-catastrophizing-on-pain-related-disability-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#11
Paul W M Marshall, Siobhan Schabrun, Michael F Knox
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain is a worldwide burden that is not being abated with our current knowledge and treatment of the condition. The fear-avoidance model is used to explain the relationship between pain and disability in patients with chronic low back pain. However there are gaps in empirical support for pathways proposed within this model, and no evidence exists as to whether physical activity moderates these pathways. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 218 people with chronic low back pain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683027/pelvic-denervation-procedures-for-dysmenorrhea
#12
Christina Ramirez, Nicole Donnellan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic pelvic pain and dysmenorrhea are common conditions affecting reproductive-age women. Surgical pelvic denervation procedures may be a treatment option for women with midline dysmenorrhea, in which medical management is declined by the patient, ineffective at managing symptoms, or medically contraindicated. This review describes the surgical techniques and complications associated with pelvic denervation procedures as well as the current evidence for these procedures in women with primary dysmenorrhea and dysmenorrhea secondary to endometriosis...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664223/the-influence-of-pregnancy-on-women-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#13
REVIEW
Michael C Dewan, Nishit Mummareddy, Christopher Bonfield
PURPOSE: The study's aim was to address three fundamental questions related to pregnancy and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and provide clinically applicable answers to spine specialists and general practitioners alike. METHODS: The authors performed a systematic literature review using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews to identify articles published between 1980 and 2015 that described pregnancy-related characteristics and outcomes in AIS patients...
June 29, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663407/quality-of-life-after-resection-of-a-chordoma-of-the-mobile-spine
#14
J H Schwab, S J Janssen, N R Paulino Pereira, Y L E Chen, J C Wain, T F DeLaney, F J Hornicek
AIMS: The aim of the study was to compare measures of the quality of life (QOL) after resection of a chordoma of the mobile spine with the national averages in the United States and to assess which factors influenced the QOL, symptoms of anxiety and depression, and coping with pain post-operatively in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 48 consecutive patients who underwent resection of a primary or recurrent chordoma of the mobile spine between 2000 and 2015 were included...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661990/the-influence-of-comorbidities-risk-factors-and-medications-on-sexual-activity-in-individuals-aged-40-to-59-years-with-and-without-cardiac-conditions-us-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-to-2012
#15
Elaine E Steinke, Victoria Mosack, Twyla J Hill
BACKGROUND: Sexual activity is increasingly recognized as an important aspect of quality of life for many individuals with cardiovascular disease, although less is known about the factors contributing to sexual functioning in younger adults. OBJECTIVE: This study examined factors influencing sexual activity in individuals aged 40 to 59 years, comparing those reporting a cardiac condition with those without a cardiac condition, in a national population-based sample...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656659/multidisciplinary-biopsychosocial-rehabilitation-for-subacute-low-back-pain
#16
REVIEW
Teresa J Marin, Dwayne Van Eerd, Emma Irvin, Rachel Couban, Bart W Koes, Antti Malmivaara, Maurits W van Tulder, Steven J Kamper
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is associated with enormous personal and societal burdens, especially when it reaches the chronic stage of the disorder (pain for a duration of more than three months). Indeed, individuals who reach the chronic stage tend to show a more persistent course, and they account for the majority of social and economic costs. As a result, there is increasing emphasis on the importance of intervening at the early stages of LBP.According to the biopsychosocial model, LBP is a condition best understood with reference to an interaction of physical, psychological, and social influences...
June 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647500/acceptability-of-the-community-level-provision-of-sayana%C3%A2-press-by-medical-and-nursing-students-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#17
Jane T Bertrand, Paul Bukutuvwidi Makani, Julie Hernandez, Pierre Akilimali, Bitshi Mukengeshayi, Saleh Babazadeh, Arsene Binanga
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to assess acceptors' attitudes toward Sayana® Press as a method and toward the mechanism of community-based distribution by medical and nursing (M/N) students, known locally as "DBCs," in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and to evaluate the experience of these DBCs. STUDY DESIGN: In 2015, surveys were conducted among (1) acceptors of Sayana® Press on the day of the initial injection, (2) these same acceptors 3 months later and (3) the DBCs providing community-based services...
June 21, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644192/vulvodynia-younger-age-and-combined-therapies-associate-with-significant-reduction-in-self-reported-pain
#18
Anu P Aalto, Silja Vuoristo, Heidi Tuomaala, Riikka J Niemi, Synnöve M Staff, Johanna U Mäenpää
OBJECTIVES: Eight percent of women have vulvodynia (VD), a chronic pain disorder with unknown etiology. The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of given VD treatments measured by numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain and patients' quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study material consisted of a retrospective VD patient cohort (N = 70). Data were collected by postal questionnaires and review of the medical records. RESULTS: We report here a statistically significant reduction in NRS only with combination of therapies (median NRS before treatments 8 vs median NRS 4 after treatments, p < ...
July 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643369/postoperative-pain-and-perceptions-of-recuperation-after-suture-and-mesh-based-apical-sacrospinous-ligament-suspension
#19
Carolyn Botros, Juraj Letko, Adam Gafni-Kane, Sylvia Botros, Svjetlana Lozo, Peter Sand
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of postoperative pain after suture- or mesh-based sacrospinous ligament suspension (SSLS). METHODS: In a retrospective study, data were reviewed from patients who underwent suture- or mesh-based SSLS at a center in Skokie, IL, USA, between 2006 and 2011. The primary outcome was self-reported postoperative pain scores (range 0-10) on the day of surgery (day 0) and 1 day later (day 1). RESULTS: Overall, 90 women were included in the study: 66 underwent mesh-based SSLS and 24 underwent suture-based SSLS...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643162/dental-caries-a-disease-which-needs-attention
#20
Vijay Prakash Mathur, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon
Dental caries is one of the most prevalent disease (about 50%) in children across the globe. If not treated in time, it can affect not only the mastication function but also the speech, smile and psychosocial environment and the quality of life of the child and the family. The treatment of dental diseases is very expensive in all countries and prevention is very simple and effective. The caries in children below 6 y is called early childhood caries (ECC). It is most commonly caused by milk bottle or mother's feed during night...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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