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Developmental Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791872/gene-expression-in-cord-blood-links-genetic-risk-for-neurodevelopmental-disorders-with-maternal-psychological-distress-and-adverse-childhood-outcomes
#1
Michael S Breen, Aliza P Wingo, Nastassja Koen, Kirsten A Donald, Mark Nicol, Heather J Zar, Kerry J Ressler, Joseph D Buxbaum, Dan J Stein
Prenatal exposure to maternal stress and depression has been identified as a risk factor for adverse behavioral and neurodevelopmental outcomes in early childhood. However, the molecular mechanisms through which maternal psychopathology shapes offspring development remain poorly understood. We applied transcriptome-wide screens to 149 umbilical cord blood samples from neonates born to mothers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; n=20), depression (n=31) and PTSD with comorbid depression (n=13), compared to carefully matched trauma exposed controls (n=23) and healthy mothers (n=62)...
May 20, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791647/active-methodologies-for-graduation-in-nursing-focus-on-the-health-care-of-older-adults
#2
Elaine Fernanda Dornelas de Souza, Amanda Gaspar Silva, Ariana Ieda Lima Ferreira da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of the use of simulation as active teaching methodology in the Developmental Psychology discipline and share its impacts on the students' learning process. METHOD: Based on Active Methodologies, the students in Nursing of Universidade do Oeste Paulista - Presidente Prudente-SP developed simulated visits to older users of the Family Health Strategies. RESULTS: In accordance with the 2014 National Curriculum Guidelines and the Brazilian Unified Health System, particularities of the needs of older adults at their homes were problematized...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788530/need-for-long-term-care-in-children-is-increasingly-caused-by-disorders-of-psychological-development-changes-in-the-care-causing-diagnoses-according-to-german-social-code-sgb-xi-between-2009-2014
#3
Julia Christiane Beck-Ripp, Holger Dressel
AIM OF THE STUDY: There is an ongoing discussion on the increasing number of children with mental and developmental disorders, with some even needing long-term care according to the German Social Code XI. This study was performed to identify the main diagnoses justifying such care in children and to analyse their prevalence over time. METHODS: The diagnoses justifying long-term care were evaluated using care assessments of Bavarian children and adolescents between 2009 to 2014 by the medical service of statutory health insurance...
May 22, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786878/dietary-omega-3-fatty-acids-differentially-impact-acute-ethanol-responsive-behaviors-and-ethanol-consumption-in-dba-2j-versus-c57bl-6j-mice
#4
Jennifer T Wolstenholme, M Scott Bowers, Alexander B Pais, A Christian Pais, Ryan S Poland, Justin L Poklis, Andrew G Davies, Jill C Bettinger
BACKGROUND: Complex interactions between environmental and genetic factors influence the risk for developing alcohol use disorder (AUD) in humans. To date, studies of the impact of environment on AUD risk have primarily focused on psychological characteristics or on the effects of developmental exposure to ethanol. We recently observed that modifying levels of the long-chain ω-3 (LC ω-3) fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), alters acute physiological responses to ethanol in C. elegans...
May 22, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#5
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773518/developmental-trajectories-of-brain-maturation-and-behavior-relevance-to-major-mental-illnesses
#6
REVIEW
Sedona Lockhart, Akira Sawa, Minae Niwa
Adverse events in childhood and adolescence, such as social neglect or drug abuse, are known to lead to behavioral changes in young adulthood. This is particularly true for the subset of people who are intrinsically more vulnerable to stressful conditions. Yet the underlying mechanisms for such developmental trajectory from early life insult to aberrant adult behavior remains elusive. Adolescence is a period of dynamic physiological, psychological, and behavioral changes, encompassing a distinct neurodevelopmental stage called the 'critical period'...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768072/an-integrated-developmental-four-year-medical-school-curriculum-in-palliative-care-a-longitudinal-content-evaluation-based-on-national-competency-standards
#7
Erin M Denney-Koelsch, Robert Horowitz, Timothy Quill, Constance D Baldwin
BACKGROUND: While palliative care (PC) competencies for medical school graduates have been defined, the lack of established curriculum models and assessment tools hampers curricular evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To describe the scope and content of the University of Rochester's longitudinal, integrated four-year PC curriculum after 17 years of implementation, review student evaluative responses, and compare the curriculum to national competency standards. DESIGN AND SETTING: Combining and reorganizing a published PC curriculum assessment tool and a list of medical school PC competencies, we created a novel nine-topic framework to assess the content coverage of our curriculum...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755385/sex-age-and-emotional-valence-revealing-possible-biases-in-the-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-task
#8
Jana Kynast, Matthias L Schroeter
The 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' test (RMET) assesses a specific socio-cognitive ability, i.e., the ability to identify mental states from gaze. The development of this ability in a lifespan perspective is of special interest. Whereas former investigations were limited mainly to childhood and adolescence, the focus has been shifted towards aging, and psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases recently. Although the RMET is frequently applied in developmental psychology and clinical settings, stimulus characteristics have never been investigated with respect to potential effects on test performance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755332/neurofeedback-and-the-neural-representation-of-self-lessons-from-awake-state-and-sleep
#9
Andreas A Ioannides
Neurofeedback has been around for half a century, but despite some promising results it is not yet widely appreciated. Recently, some of the concerns about neurofeedback have been addressed with functional magnetic resonance imaging and magnetoencephalography adding their contributions to the long history of neurofeedback with electroencephalography. Attempts to address other concerns related to methodological issues with new experiments and meta-analysis of earlier studies, have opened up new questions about its efficacy...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748114/gene-%C3%A3-environment-interaction-what-exactly-are-we-talking-about
#10
David S Moore
An ambiguity exists in how psychological scientists use the word "interaction." This word can refer to physical interactions between components that form the mechanisms in complex systems, but it can also refer to statistical interactions revealed by General Linear Statistical Models (e.g., Analyses of Variance). Statistical interactions indicate that the nature of the relationship between two variables depends on a third variable, but the discovery of such interactions does not constitute evidence of physical interactions between components in a system...
May 7, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746221/interprofessional-population-health-advocacy-developing-and-implementing-a-panel-management-curriculum-in-five-veterans-administration-primary-care-practices
#11
Maya Dulay, Judith L Bowen, William G Weppner, Abigail Eastburn, Anne P Poppe, Pete Spanos, Danielle Wojtaszek, Destiny Printz, Catherine P Kaminetzky
Health care systems expect primary care clinicians to manage panels of patients and improve population health, yet few have been trained to do so. An interprofessional panel management (PM) curriculum is one possible strategy to address this training gap and supply future primary care practices with clinicians and teams prepared to work together to improve the health of individual patients and populations. This paper describes a Veterans Administration (VA) sponsored multi-site interprofessional PM curriculum development effort...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744988/behavioral-health-care-in-solid-organ-transplantation-in-a-pediatric-setting
#12
Katharine Thomson, Kristine McKenna, Katherine Bedard-Thomas, Melisa Oliva, Patricia Ibeziako
This study examined the demographic, medical, and psychiatric characteristics of transplant patients across organ groups seen by transplant psychology/psychiatry clinicians at a pediatric institution between 2008 and 2014. Chart reviews were conducted to better understand the behavioral health care provided to SOT patients and the role of transplant-dedicated psychology and psychiatry clinicians. Transplant psychology/psychiatry was consulted a total of 1060 times on 399 unique SOT patients over a 6-year period...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742572/development-of-human-face-literature-database-using-text-mining-approach-phase-i
#13
Paramjit Kaur, Kewal Krishan, Suresh K Sharma
The face is an important part of the human body by which an individual communicates in the society. Its importance can be highlighted by the fact that a person deprived of face cannot sustain in the living world. The amount of experiments being performed and the number of research papers being published under the domain of human face have surged in the past few decades. Several scientific disciplines, which are conducting research on human face include: Medical Science, Anthropology, Information Technology (Biometrics, Robotics, and Artificial Intelligence, etc...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740904/falling-through-the-cracks-a-thematic-evaluation-of-unmet-needs-of-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancers
#14
Jennifer White, Joanne Park, K Brooke Russell, K A Reynolds, A Madani, Linda E Carlson, Janine Giese-Davis
BACKGROUND: The population of adult survivors of childhood cancers (ASCCs) is growing, resulting in unique long-term challenges. This study explored experiences of perceived unmet ASCC survivorship needs. METHODS: We invited ASCCs to complete surveys sent through the cancer registry. Four open-ended questions allowed participants to write in comments. We analyzed responses to these open-ended questions thematically, employing a process of constant comparison. RESULTS: Our sample included 94 ASCCs who completed open-ended questions (61 female; aged 20-78 years, mean age=34...
May 8, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738275/psychiatric-diagnoses-of-children-affected-by-their-parents-traumatic-brain-injury-the-1987-finnish-birth-cohort-study
#15
Lotta Kinnunen, Mika Niemelä, Helinä Hakko, Jouko Miettunen, Marko Merikukka, Vesa Karttunen, Tiina Ristikari, Mika Gissler, Sami Räsänen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether parental TBI increases the overall risk for psychiatric disorders and the risk for specific psychiatric diagnoses in the children affected by parental TBI. METHODS: The 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort (n = 59 476) were followed up through national registers from birth to the end of 2008. The diagnoses of cohort members and their parents were obtained from the Care Register of Health Care, provided by the National Institute of Health and Welfare...
May 8, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736184/beyond-pink-and-blue-the-complexity-of-early-androgen-effects-on-gender-development
#16
Sheri A Berenbaum
Why do girls and women differ from boys and men? Gender development is typically considered to result from socialization, but sex hormones present during sensitive periods of development, particularly prenatal androgens, play an important role. Data from natural experiments, especially from females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, show the complexity of the effects of androgens on behavior: Prenatal androgens apparently have large effects on interests and engagement in gendered activities; moderate effects on spatial abilities; and relatively small or no effects on gender identity, gender cognitions, and gendered peer involvement...
March 2018: Child Development Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733675/implications-of-attachment-theory-and-neuroscience-for-the-psychotherapeutic-treatment-of-obesity-and-overeating
#17
Fran Weiss
This article examines psychological sequelae underlying dysregulated eating in the overweight and obese patient and proposes a psychotherapy approach informed by classical and modern attachment theory, developmental trauma, and neuroscience to address these structural deficits.
May 7, 2018: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730996/relocating-anti-racist-science-the-1950-unesco-statement-on-race-and-economic-development-in-the-global-south
#18
Sebastián Gil-Riaño
This essay revisits the drafting of the first UNESCO Statement on Race (1950) in order to reorient historical understandings of mid-twentieth-century anti-racism and science. Historians of science have primarily interpreted the UNESCO statements as an oppositional project led by anti-racist scientists from the North Atlantic and concerned with dismantling racial typologies, replacing them with population-based conceptions of human variation. Instead of focusing on what anti-racist scientists opposed, this article highlights the futures they imagined and the applied social-science projects that anti-racist science drew from and facilitated...
May 7, 2018: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725927/how-to-establish-a-successful-bowel-management-programme-in-children-a-tertiary-paediatric-centre-experience
#19
Ann M Costigan, Stephanie Orr, Abdulrahman E Alshafei, Brice A Antao
BACKGROUND: Bowel management is a term used to describe a medical approach to the management of faecal incontinence. AIMS: To present the outcomes of an individualised bowel management programme developed by a tertiary paediatric centre and evaluate contributory factors for successful bowel management in children. METHODS: A retrospective review of children attending a bowel management clinic in a tertiary centre in Dublin, Ireland, over 5 years (2010-2015)...
May 3, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721689/education-as-dilemmatic-field
#20
Luca Tateo
Psychology of education must discuss a number of relevant ethical, political and societal issues that cannot be simply overlooked as non pertinent to the discipline. For too long educational and developmental psychology have take divergent routes and have not enough dialogued with other fields such as pedagogy. I argue that it is first of all necessary to conceptualize the work of schooling, that is educational processes of teaching and learning in specific social contexts, as complex and dilemmatic fields...
May 2, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
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