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Developmental Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913921/language-difficulty-at-school-entry-and-the-trajectories-of-hyperactivity-inattention-problems-from-ages-4-to-11-evidence-from-a-population-representative-cohort-study
#1
Shaun Goh Kok Yew, Richard O'Kearney
Latent growth curve modelling was used to contrast the developmental trajectories of hyperactivity-inattention (H-I) problems across childhood for children with a language difficulty at the start of school and those with typical language and to examine if the presence of a language difficulty moderates the associations of child, parent and peer predictors with these trajectories. Unconditional and language-status conditional latent growth curves of H-I problems were estimated for a large nationally representative cohort of children, comprising 1627 boys (280 - language difficulty) and 1609 girls (159 - language difficulty) measured at age 4 to 5, 6 to 7, 8 to 9 and 10 to 11...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907234/shooting-alone-the-pre-attack-experiences-and-behaviors-of-u-s-solo-mass-murderers
#2
Paul Gill, James Silver, John Horgan, Emily Corner
This paper outlines the sociodemographic, developmental, antecedent attack, attack preparation, and commission properties of 115 mass murderers between 1990 and 2014. The results indicate that mass murderer attacks are usually the culmination of a complex mix of personal, political, and social drivers that crystalize at the same time to drive the individual down the path of violent action. We specifically focus upon areas related to prior criminal engagement, leakage, and attack location familiarity. Whether the violence comes to fruition is usually a combination of the availability and vulnerability of suitable targets that suit the heady mix of personal and political grievances and the individual's capability to engage in an attack from both a psychological and technical capability standpoint...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903246/emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-late-preterm-and-early-term-births-outcomes-at-child-age-36-months
#3
Kim Stene-Larsen, Astri M Lang, Markus A Landolt, Beatrice Latal, Margarete E Vollrath
BACKGROUND: Recent findings has shown that late preterm births (gestational weeks 34-36) and early term births (gestational weeks 37-38) is associated with an increased risk of several psychological and developmental morbidities. In this article we investigate whether late preterm and early term births is associated with an increased risk of emotional and behavioral problems at 36 months of age and whether there are gender differences in risk of these outcomes. METHODS: Forty-three thousand, two hundred ninety-seven children and their mothers participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895485/adhd-and-present-hedonism-time-perspective-as-a-potential-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-tool
#4
REVIEW
S Weissenberger, M Klicperova-Baker, P Zimbardo, K Schonova, D Akotia, J Kostal, M Goetz, J Raboch, R Ptacek
The article draws primarily from the behavioral findings (mainly psychiatric and psychological observations) and points out the important relationships between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and time orientation. Specifically, the authors argue that there is a significant overlap between the symptoms of ADHD and Present Hedonism. Present Hedonism is defined by Zimbardo's time perspective theory and assessed by Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Developmental data on Present Hedonism of males and females in the Czech population sample (N=2201) are also presented...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893243/adolescent-psychosocial-development-a-review-of-longitudinal-models-and-research
#5
Wim Meeus
This review used 4 types of longitudinal models (descriptive models, prediction models, developmental sequence models and longitudinal mediation models) to identify regular patterns of psychosocial development in adolescence. Eight patterns of adolescent development were observed across countries: (1) adolescent maturation in multiple developmental domains; (2) heterogeneous continuity of personal relationships; (3) good goes together with good, and bad with bad, across time in adolescence; (4) parents transmit values and behaviors to their adolescent children over time; (5) adolescent psychopathology leads to erosion of personal relationships with parents and peers; (6) adolescent psychopathology prevents adolescent independence from parents; (7) parental interference in personal issues of adolescents has counterproductive effects over time; (8) mood variability and (social and personal) uncertainty are mechanisms that maintain psychopathology in adolescence...
December 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886733/maternal-social-status-early-health-capital-and-young-adults-economic-attainment-early-life-course-investigation
#6
Jihyoung Kim, K A S Wickrama
Using survey data collected from 12,278 adolescents and their mothers over 13 years in a nationally representative National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examined how maternal social status influenced young adults' economic attainment over the early life course. We found that weight at birth and height at adolescence as early health capital mediated the influence of maternal social status on young adults' economic attainment. Also, adolescents' educational attainment and psychological vulnerabilities mediated the relation between early health capital and young adults' economic attainment...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885037/the-psychologist-the-psychoanalyst-and-the-extraordinary-child-in-postwar-british-science-fiction
#7
Laura Tisdall
A sudden influx of portrayals of 'extraordinary children' emerged in British science fiction after the Second World War. Such children both violated and confirmed the new set of expectations about ordinary childhood that emerged from the findings of developmental psychologists around the same time. Previous work on extraordinary children in both science fiction and horror has tended to confine the phenomenon to an 'evil child boom' within the American filmmaking industry in the 1970s. This article suggests that a much earlier trend is visible in British postwar science fiction texts, analysing a cluster of novels that emerged in the 1950s: Arthur C...
December 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880041/future-directions-in-sleep-and-developmental-psychopathology
#8
Lisa J Meltzer
It is critical for psychologists to gain a better understanding about the intersection between sleep and developmental psychopathology. However, while many strive to answer the question of whether sleep causes developmental psychopathology, or vice versa, ultimately the relationship between sleep and developmental psychopathology is complex and dynamic. This article considers future directions in the field of clinical child and adolescent psychology that go beyond this mechanistic question, highlighting areas important to address for clinicians and researchers who strive to better understand how best to serve children and adolescents with developmental psychopathology...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879246/father-involvement-in-early-child-rearing-and-behavioural-outcomes-in-their-pre-adolescent-children-evidence-from-the-alspac-uk-birth-cohort
#9
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Emily Savage-McGlynn, Maria A Quigley
OBJECTIVE: To explore the nature of paternal involvement in early child-rearing adopting a social developmental perspective, and estimate its effect on behavioural outcomes of children aged 9 and 11 years. SETTING: The data come from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the former county of Avon in the southwest of England. PARTICIPANTS: Out of the 14 701 children in this cohort who were alive at 1 year, 10 440 children were living with both parents at 8 months and were therefore eligible...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878607/-are-you-going-to-die-when-children-and-adolescents-experience-the-death-of-a%C3%A2-close-one
#10
Franziska Röseberg
The illness and death of someone close is a big challenge that affects individuals and the whole system. To understand how children, adolescents and young adults experience the death of a significant other, and more specifically a family member, it is necessary to consider aspects of developmental psychology, the life-cycle phase of the family and the systemic view on the burden and reactions from individuals and the whole system. Palliative care and in particular family-oriented counselling and therapy stabilizes the system...
November 23, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876343/implications-of-the-idea-of-neurodiversity-for-understanding-the-origins-of-developmental-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Nobuo Masataka
Neurodiversity, a term initially used mostly by civil and human rights movements since the 1990s, refers to the notion that cognitive as well as emotional properties characteristic of developmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are not necessarily deficits, but fall within normal behavioural variations exhibited by humans. The purpose of the present article is to examine the relevance of this notion to scientific research on ASD. On the assumption that one crucial survival advantage of intelligent activity is vigilance toward dangers in the external world, and such vigilance must work in the social domain as well as in the non-social domain, the author argues that the pattern of operation of an individual person's mind can be categorized according to the domain toward which that individual is more oriented...
November 9, 2016: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873222/young-children-s-developmental-ecologies-and-kindergarten-readiness
#12
Stefanie Mollborn
Children enter the crucial transition to school with sociodemographic disparities firmly established. Domain-specific research (e.g., on poverty and family structure) has shed light on these disparities, but we need broader operationalizations of children's environments to explain them. Building on existing theory, this study articulates the concept of developmental ecology-those interrelated features of a child's proximal environment that shape development and health. Developmental ecology links structural and demographic factors with interactional, psychological, and genetic factors...
December 2016: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866918/-children-and-adolescents-anxiety-disorders
#13
H Denis, A Baghdadli
Anxiety disorders were long underestimated in children by healthcare professionals, but they are now better diagnosed. They account for the most frequent psychiatric diagnosis between 6 and 18 years of age, with differences in prevalence or risk factors related to the clinical forms. Different clinical subtypes of anxiety disorders are detailed in this article: separation anxiety, specific phobia, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress syndrome, and obsessional-compulsive disorder...
November 17, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866681/-psychosocial-and-developmental-outcomes-of-tyas-with-cancer-are-there-any-specific-characteristics-for-the-young-adults
#14
REVIEW
Tanguy Leprince, Dominique Sauveplane, Elise Ricadat, Étienne Seigneur, Gabrielle Marioni
During the last few years, specific support devices and even dedicated units for teenagers and young adults (TYAs - patients grouped in the 15-25 years age group) appeared in oncology. If the existing literature review allows identifying many written work related to the experience of cancer during adolescence, resources about "young adults" are not only far less abundant, but rarely give the definition of what is a "young adult". Based on this observation, it appears necessary, at this stage of our practice, to question the definition and psychosocial outcomes of those psychiatrists and psychologists also call "young adults"...
November 17, 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865227/behavioural-emotional-and-social-development-of-children-who-stutter
#15
Jan McAllister
PURPOSE: Developmental stuttering may be associated with diminished psychological well-being which has been documented from late childhood onwards. It is important to establish the point at which behavioural, emotional and social problems emerge in children who stutter. METHODS: The study used data from the Millennium Cohort Study, whose initial cohort comprised 18,818 children. Analysis involved data collected when the cohort members were 3, 5 and 11 years old...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859566/does-the-body-survive-death-cultural-variation-in-beliefs-about-life-everlasting
#16
Rachel E Watson-Jones, Justin T A Busch, Paul L Harris, Cristine H Legare
Mounting evidence suggests that endorsement of psychological continuity and the afterlife increases with age. This developmental change raises questions about the cognitive biases, social representations, and cultural input that may support afterlife beliefs. To what extent is there similarity versus diversity across cultures in how people reason about what happens after death? The objective of this study was to compare beliefs about the continuation of biological and psychological functions after death in Tanna, Vanuatu (a Melanesian archipelago), and the United States (Austin, Texas)...
November 17, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856392/why-is-depression-more-common-among-women-than-among-men
#17
REVIEW
Christine Kuehner
Women are about twice as likely as are men to develop depression during their lifetime. This Series paper summarises evidence regarding the epidemiology on gender differences in prevalence, incidence, and course of depression, and factors possibly explaining the gender gap. Gender-related subtypes of depression are suggested to exist, of which the developmental subtype has the strongest potential to contribute to the gender gap. Limited evidence exists for risk factors to be specifically linked to depression...
November 11, 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854120/toward-dynamic-adaptation-of-psychological-interventions-for-child-and-adolescent-development-and-mental-health
#18
Tina Malti, Gil G Noam, Andreas Beelmann, Simon Sommer
Children's and adolescents' mental health needs emphasize the necessity of a new era of translational research to enhance development and yield better lives for children, families, and communities. Developmental, clinical, and translational research serves as a powerful tool for managing the inevitable complexities in pursuit of these goals. This article proposes key ideas that will strengthen current evidence-based intervention practices by creating stronger links between research, practice, and complex systems contexts, with the potential of extending applicability, replicability, and impact...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849450/heinz-werner-his-life-ideas-and-contributions-to-developmental-psychology-in-the-first-half-of-the-20th-century
#19
Teresa Ostler
The author provides an overview of Heinz Werner's life and contributions to the field of developmental psychology during the first half of the 20th century. She focuses on his early work in Vienna and Munich as well as his tenure at the Psychological Institute in Hamburg, up through the time when he became a named Professor in Psychology at Clark University. Recognized as one of the founders of developmental psychology, Heinz Werner worked in the areas of perceptual development, comparative psychology, and symbol formation...
November 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848890/the-impact-of-cancer-and-its-treatment-on-the-growth-and-development-of-the-pediatric-patient
#20
Michael Silbermann, Sarah Brand, Joanne Wolfe, Chase Samsel
While pediatric survival rates have increased over the past 40 years, it has been well established that cancer and its treatment significantly impact children and their families. For the majority of families, a child's cancer diagnosis and treatment is the most difficult life experience they will face. While most families adjust to this significant stressor, there is no doubt that coping with the treatment process is an extremely difficult experience with multiple psychosocial consequences (Liptak, Zelter, & Recklitis, 2015)...
November 15, 2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
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