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Developmental Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350832/the-developmental-trinity-of-mind-cognizance-executive-control-and-reasoning
#1
REVIEW
Andreas Demetriou, Nikolaos Makris, Smaragda Kazi, George Spanoudis, Michael Shayer
This paper summarizes research on how cognizance, that is, awareness of mental processes, interacts with executive control and reasoning from childhood to adolescence. Central positions are that (a) cognizance changes extensively with age; (b) it contributes to the formation of executive control, and (c) mediates between executive control and reasoning. Cognizance recycles with changes in executive and inferential possibilities in four developmental cycles: it registers their present state, yielding insight into their operation, allowing their better management; this catalyzes their transformation into the next level...
January 19, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345488/risky-business-correlation-and-causation-in-longitudinal-studies-of-skill-development
#2
Drew H Bailey, Greg J Duncan, Tyler Watts, Doug H Clements, Julie Sarama
Developmental theories often posit that changes in children's early psychological characteristics will affect much later psychological, social, and economic outcomes. However, tests of these theories frequently yield results that are consistent with plausible alternative theories that posit a much smaller causal role for earlier levels of these psychological characteristics. Our article explores this issue with empirical tests of skill-building theories, which predict that early boosts to simpler skills (e...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344083/psychosocial-problems-in-traumatized-refugee-families-overview-of-risks-and-some-recommendations-for-support-services
#3
EDITORIAL
J M Fegert, C Diehl, B Leyendecker, K Hahlweg, V Prayon-Blum
This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information contained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well. The focus is on understanding the developmental risks faced by refugee children when they or family members are suffering from trauma-related psychological disorders, and on identifying measures that can be taken to address these risks...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343237/subtypes-in-clinical-burnout-patients-enrolled-in-an-employee-rehabilitation-program-differences-in-burnout-profiles-depression-and-recovery-resources-stress-balance
#4
Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
BACKGROUND: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Yet, burnout subtypes based on burnout profiles have hardly been explored in clinical patients, and the samples investigated in previous studies were rather heterogeneous including patients with various physical, psychological, and social limitations, symptoms, and disabilities...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338295/a-scoping-review-of-inclusive-out-of-school-time-physical-activity-programs-for-children-and-youth-with-physical-disabilities
#5
Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Viviane Grassmann, Krystn Orr, Amy C McPherson, Guy E Faulkner, F Virginia Wright
The objective of this study was to comprehensively evaluate inclusive out-of-school time physical activity programs for children/youth with physical disabilities. A search of the published literature was conducted and augmented by international expertise. A quality appraisal was conducted; only studies with quality ratings ≥60% informed our best practice recommendations. Seventeen studies were included using qualitative (n = 9), quantitative (n = 5), or mixed (n = 3) designs. Programs had a diversity of age groups, group sizes, and durations...
January 17, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336023/bridging-evolutionary-biology-and-developmental-psychology-toward-an-enduring-theoretical-infrastructure
#6
REVIEW
Willem E Frankenhuis, Leonid Tiokhin
Bjorklund synthesizes promising research directions in developmental psychology using an evolutionary framework. In general terms, we agree with Bjorklund: Evolutionary theory has the potential to serve as a metatheory for developmental psychology. However, as currently used in psychology, evolutionary theory is far from reaching this potential. In evolutionary biology, formal mathematical models are the norm. In developmental psychology, verbal models are the norm. In order to reach its potential, evolutionary developmental psychology needs to embrace formal modeling...
January 16, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336021/evolutionary-developmental-psychology-2017-redux
#7
Cristine H Legare, Jennifer M Clegg, Nicole J Wen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336015/a-metatheory-for-cognitive-development-or-piaget-is-dead-revisited
#8
REVIEW
David F Bjorklund
In 1997, I argued that with the loss of Piaget's theory as an overarching guide, cognitive development had become disjointed and a new metatheory was needed to unify the field. I suggested developmental biology, particularly evolutionary theory, as a candidate. Here, I examine the increasing emphasis of biology in cognitive development research over the past 2 decades. I describe briefly the emergence of evolutionary developmental psychology and examines areas in which proximal and distal biological causation have been particularly influential...
January 16, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332265/review-of-a-parent-s-influence-on-pediatric-procedural-distress-and-recovery
#9
REVIEW
Erin A Brown, Alexandra De Young, Roy Kimble, Justin Kenardy
Understanding how parents influence their child's medical procedures can inform future work to reduce pediatric procedural distress and improve recovery outcomes. Following a pediatric injury or illness diagnosis, the associated medical procedures can be potentially traumatic events that are often painful and distressing and can lead to the child experiencing long-term physical and psychological problems. Children under 6 years old are particularly at risk of illness or injury, yet their pain-related distress during medical procedures is often difficult to manage because of their young developmental level...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330596/cognitive-functioning-is-it-all-or-none
#10
Isabel M Introzzi, María M Richard S, Ana Comesaña, Ana García Coni
Under various circumstances, the cognitive system operates in a global manner that is not very precise and barely discriminatory. This form of operating has been described via a general principal that Diamond (Developmental Psychology 45:130-138, 2009) has denominated the All or None Hypothesis. This author has described a set of corollaries derived from this hypothesis that make it possible to verify it in each one of these domains. Although there is evidence of the global and non-discriminate way in which the cognitive system operates in populations of children, to date, there are no studies that have examined whether this mode of operation is also present in populations of adults...
January 12, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329692/potential-psychological-neural-mechanisms-in-binge-eating-disorder-implications-for-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Hedy Kober, Rebecca G Boswell
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is a newly-established eating disorder diagnosis in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Although systematic research on BED is in its infancy and many studies feature small samples, several observations emerge. First, we review diagnostic, developmental, and socio-demographic features of BED. Next, although BED and obesity are linked and frequently co-occur, we review data suggesting that BED is a distinct phenotype. Importantly, we take a mechanism-focused approach and propose four psychological processes with neurobiological bases that may uniquely differentiate BED from obesity: emotion reactivity, food-cue reactivity, food craving, and cognitive control...
December 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329670/motor-skill-interventions-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jane J Yu, Cindy H P Sit, Angus F Burnett
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics and effectiveness of motor skill interventions in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and to identify potential moderators of training effects using meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in six databases (CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library, Embase, Eric, PsycInfo, and PubMed) for papers published between 1995 and August 2017 using search items which were grouped in three components (motor skill interventions, DCD, and age group of interest)...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327630/the-specter-of-the-primitive
#13
Gregory S Rizzolo
Traditional psychoanalytic theories of development hold that the adult neurotic can regress, or has already regressed, to the childhood arrests and/or fixations in which his pathology originated. More recent critiques have called this possibility into question. It is unlikely that anyone can roll back the additions and modifications of lifespan development in a full-fledged return to the needs, wishes, and anxieties of childhood. By regression, though, some analysts mean not a full-fledged return to an earlier developmental phase, but a non-phase-specific slip into primitive fantasies and defenses...
December 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315939/the-quality-of-life-of-children-with-severe-developmental-disabilities
#14
B L Ncube, A Perry, J A Weiss
BACKGROUND: Research examining the quality of life (QoL) of children with severe developmental disabilities (SDD) is limited. The present study examines parent perceptions of child QoL in children with SDD compared with typically developing (TD) children and then examines predictors of QoL for the SDD group. METHOD: Parents of 246 children with SDD (aged 4 to 19 years) and 210 TD children (aged 4 to 18 years) responded to an online survey. QoL was measured using a composite variable composed of the child's happiness, achievement of potential and friendship quality...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310476/development-of-a-case-formulation-model-for-individuals-who-have-viewed-distributed-and-or-shared-child-sexual-exploitation-material
#15
Hannah L Merdian, Derek E Perkins, Elspeth Dustagheer, Emily Glorney
Increases in the number of arrests of individuals who download or distribute Child Sexual Exploitation Material (CSEM) have highlighted a need to further understand the offending pathways of this offender group. This article describes the development of an aetiological model specific to CSEM offending. Individuals who had viewed, distributed, and/or shared CSEM ( n = 20) were interviewed regarding their life and sexual history, relationships, substance use, offending details, and circumstances leading to their CSEM offending, resulting in seven superordinate themes: Developmental Context, Individual Propensities (risk-related and risk-protective) and Psychological Vulnerabilities, Personal Circumstances, Permission-Giving Thoughts, Internet Environment and Behaviour, Evaluation of Consequences for the Individual, and Desistance...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309187/using-the-factor-of-curves-model-to-evaluate-associations-among-multiple-family-constructs-over-time
#16
Marilu Isiordia, Rand Conger, Richard W Robins, Emilio Ferrer
Research in family psychology often focuses on understanding how multiple familial constructs develop over time. To examine these developmental processes, researchers frequently use a multivariate latent growth model (LGM) in which univariate LGMs are specified for each individual construct and then correlations are examined between the slopes and intercepts of different pairs of constructs. However, if the developmental associations among the constructs are hypothesized to derive from a higher-order common "cause" or factor, then a more appropriate model is the factor of curves (FOCUS) model...
December 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305673/adolescents-daily-romantic-experiences-and-negative-mood-a-dyadic-intensive-longitudinal-study
#17
Adam A Rogers, Thao Ha, Kimberly A Updegraff, Masumi Iida
Romantic relationships, although increasingly normative during adolescence, also present unique developmental challenges that can portend psychological difficulties. Underlying these difficulties may be the degree to which daily romantic transactions potentiate fluctuations in negative mood. The present study examined associations between adolescents' daily romantic relationship experiences and their same-day negative affective states (i.e., fluctuations in high-arousal, aversive mood). Using a dyadic ecological momentary assessment (EMA) design, this study followed an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 98 adolescent romantic couples twice weekly for 12 weeks (n = 196 individuals; Mage = 16...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300209/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-brief-autism-screener-for-young-children
#18
Walter Zahorodny, Josephine Shenouda, Uday Mehta, Emily Yee, Patricia Garcia, Mangala Rajan, Madeleine Goldfarb
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the operating characteristics of the Psychological Development Questionnaire-1 (PDQ-1), an autism screener for use with young children. METHODS: In Phase 1, we evaluated the concordance of the PDQ-1 with established autism scales, determined test-retest reliability, and identified a risk threshold score. In Phase 2, a population of 1959 toddler-age children was prospectively screened through multiple pediatric practices in a diverse metropolitan region, using the new instrument...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294795/environmental-dysfunctions-childhood-maltreatment-and-women-s-intimate-partner-violence-victimization
#19
Maria Lo Cascio, Cinzia Guarnaccia, Maria Rita Infurna, Laura Mancuso, Anna Maria Parroco, Francesca Giannone
Childhood maltreatment is considered a crucial explanatory variable for intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. However, a developmental multifactorial model for the etiology of IPV is not shared by researchers yet. This study has investigated the role of a wide range of childhood maltreatments and family and social dysfunctions in predicting IPV; furthermore, it tests a model where childhood maltreatment mediates the relationship between environmental dysfunctions and IPV. The sample included 78 women: IPV (38) and non-IPV (40)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294760/extending-the-aces-framework-examining-the-relations-between-childhood-abuse-and-later-victimization-and-perpetration-with-college-men
#20
Laura A Voith, RaeAnn E Anderson, Shawn P Cahill
Research has revealed that forms of violence are interconnected, but less work focuses on the interconnection of victimization and perpetration, particularly with men. Subsequently, our understanding of the complexities of violence exposure in men's lives and related policies and treatments remains limited. The present study utilizes a sample of at-risk for violence involvement, college men, to examine the relationships between childhood victimization, adulthood victimization, and adulthood perpetration. Participants are 423 college men receiving course credit who completed a battery of standardized questionnaires via an anonymous web survey...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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