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Developmental Psychology

Ann-Katrin Meyrose, Fionna Klasen, Christiane Otto, Gabriela Gniewosz, Thomas Lampert, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
RATIONALE: Mental health problems in children and adolescents are widespread and are a primary public health concern worldwide. During childhood and adolescence different challenges must be met. Whether the corresponding developmental tasks can be mastered successfully and in a psychologically healthy manner depends on the availability of resources. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to examine the benefits of maternal education on the development of mental health in children and adolescents...
February 24, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Omotayo Bernard, Roger C Gibson, Affette McCaw-Binns, Jody Reece, Charlene Coore-Desai, Sydonnie Shakespeare-Pellington, Maureen Samms-Vaughan
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression is associated with adverse maternal and infant well-being. However, compared to postpartum depression, it has been less frequently explored globally or in Jamaica. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with, antenatal depressive symptoms among Jamaican women in order to inform policy and build interventions that could improve their management and reduce their negative consequences. METHODS: This secondary analysis of data from the second Jamaican Birth Cohort Study (JA-Kids Birth Cohort) included 3,517 women enrolled during pregnancy...
2018: PloS One
Karyn Doba, Guillaume Berna, Emilie Constant, Jean-Louis Nandrino
This study examines the impact of self-differentiation, alexithymia and psychological distress on eating disorder symptoms in young and middle adolescence. Four hundred fifty-one adolescents completed self-report measures. Early and middle adolescents were categorized into two groups (12-14 years and 15-17 years) to represent distinct developmental stages. Significant differences were found between younger and older adolescents. The association between low self-differentiation and both eating disorders symptoms and psychological dimensions related to eating attitudes was stronger in early adolescence than in middle adolescence...
March 7, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Julian Cespedes-Guevara, Tuomas Eerola
Basic Emotion theory has had a tremendous influence on the affective sciences, including music psychology, where most researchers have assumed that music expressivity is constrained to a limited set of basic emotions. Several scholars suggested that these constrains to musical expressivity are explained by the existence of a shared acoustic code to the expression of emotions in music and speech prosody. In this article we advocate for a shift from this focus on basic emotions to a constructionist account. This approach proposes that the phenomenon of perception of emotions in music arises from the interaction of music's ability to express core affects and the influence of top-down and contextual information in the listener's mind...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Neika Sharifian, Daniel Grühn
Being socially engaged is theorized to diminish age-related declines in emotional functioning. However, unique facets of social engagement may differentially impact functioning in older adulthood. In particular, social participation (SP) might be more beneficial than social support (SS) in buffering declines. The goal of this study was to examine whether interindividual differences in SP and SS influenced intraindividual change in Psychological Well-Being (PWB). The impact of SS and SP on change in PWB was investigated in two samples from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study spanning 19 years (1992-2011): graduate respondents and their siblings...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Frank P Deane, Craig Gonsalvez, Caroline Joyce, Eileen Britt
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to describe the developmental trajectories of clinical psychology trainees across competency domains over multiple placements. METHOD: Competency reviews of 252 trainees were completed at mid-placement and end-placement for up to four consecutive placements by 143 field supervisors. Competency was measured across multiple domains using the Clinical Psychology Practicum Competencies Rating Scale. RESULTS: There was an overall ascending stepped pattern occurring across all competency domains from early to late placements...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
R M Pasco Fearon
This special issue presents a series of conceptually interlinked papers on the construct of insightfulness and its role in child development and intervention. In this commentary, I provide some reflections on the nature of insightfulness from the point of view of developmental and clinical psychology. Four themes are highlighted: (1) the potential role of insightfulness in understanding the parenting mediators of attachment transmission, (2) the role of insightfulness in understanding the connections between early experiences and later social outcomes, (3) the dynamic evolution of insightfulness across development, and (4) the different elements of insightfulness and their distinct contributions to caregiving behavior...
March 13, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
Anna E Kornadt, Peggy Voss, Klaus Rothermund
Demographic changes have been linked to the expectation of cuts in government-provided social security services, emphasizing individual responsibility to prepare for old age and concomitant challenges and changes. Accordingly, the identification of psychological variables predicting preparation is a matter of theoretical as well as practical importance. We thus consider different aspects of a person's future time as theoretically prominent psychological predictors of preparation. The subjectively perceived quantity of remaining lifetime, the concreteness of future time, and preparation for life domains indicative of an active third age as well as of a more dependent fourth age were assessed in a longitudinal study in a core sample of N  = 593 participants (30-80 years old at T 1 ) at two measurement occasions 4 years apart...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Paul T Cirino, Yusra Ahmed, Jeremy Miciak, W Pat Taylor, Elyssa H Gerst, Marcia A Barnes
OBJECTIVE: Executive function (EF) is a commonly used but difficult to operationalize construct. In this study, we considered EF and related components as they are commonly presented in the neuropsychological literature, as well as the literatures of developmental, educational, and cognitive psychology. These components have not previously been examined simultaneously, particularly with this level of comprehensiveness, and/or at this age range or with this sample size. We expected that the EF components would be separate but related, and that a bifactor model would best represent the data relative to alternative models...
February 2018: Neuropsychology
Leontien de Kwaadsteniet, York Hagmayer
Evidence-based psychotherapy requires clinicians to consider theories of psychopathology and evidence about effectiveness, and their experience when choosing interventions. Research on clinical decision making indicates that clinicians' theories of disorders might be personal and inform judgments and choices beyond current scientific theory and evidence. We asked 20 child therapists to draw models of how they believed that biological, psychological, environmental, and behavioral factors interact to cause and maintain four common developmental disorders...
March 2018: Clinical Psychological Science
Sunil M Doshi, Kalpesh Zanzrukiya, Lavlesh Kumar
Paraphilic disorders range from nearly normal behaviour to a behaviour which may be considered as destructive or menacing to the society at large. In accordance with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V, the terms Paraphilia and Paraphilic disorders, denote different interpretations. Multiple paraphilias connected to childhood either directly or indirectly has been documented in scientific literature. Paraphilic Infantilism, Diaperism and Pedophilia constitute major portion among them. Paraphilic infantilism denotes paraphilic desire of being a baby...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Eliza M Park, Shari Gelber, Shoshana M Rosenberg, Davinia S E Seah, Lidia Schapira, Steven E Come, Ann H Partridge
BACKGROUND: Young adults with cancer experience disruptions in their normal developmental trajectories and commonly experience psychologic distress related to their diagnoses. Young women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) are at particular risk of adverse mental health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with anxiety and depression symptoms in young women with newly diagnosed de novo MBC. METHODS: A total of 54 women with newly diagnosed de novo MBC were identified from an ongoing, prospective, multicenter cohort of women diagnosed with breast cancer at age <40...
January 31, 2018: Psychosomatics
Mitchell Schertz, Shlomi Constantini, Rina Eshel, Adi Hannah Sela, Jonathan Roth, Aviva Fattal-Valevski
OBJECTIVE Management of children with large temporal arachnoid cysts (TACs) remains controversial, with limited data available on their neurodevelopmental outcome. The aim of this study was to examine neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with large TACs. METHODS In this medical center-based cohort study, 25 patients (19 males) who were diagnosed in childhood with large TACs (9 patients [36%] with a Galassi type II and 16 patients [64%] with a Galassi type III TAC) were examined. The mean ± SD age at assessment was 11...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
T A M J van Amelsvoort, M C Klaassen, O A van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing awareness that the current approach to clinical thought and work in psychiatry in relation to psychiatric diagnosis, treatment and research has its limitations. This necessitates a process to reform both the clinical practice and future scientific research. One way to reform this is the transdiagnostic approach. AIM: To clarify the psychological, biological and therapeutic aspects of a transdiagnostic approach in psychiatry. METHOD: An analysis of new approaches based on recent findings from the recent literature...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Wacław Jeż, Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk, Piotr Brzyski, Mikołaj Majkowicz, Piotr Pankiewicz, Tomasz J Irzyniec
BACKGROUND: Turner syndrome (TS) appears in women as a result of the lack of part or the whole of one of the X chromosomes. It is characterized by the occurrence of low height, hypogonadism, numerous developmental defects, and is often accompanied by psychological disturbances. OBJECTIVES: Although the phenotype characteristics of women with TS are quite well documented, the knowledge of the impact of Turner syndrome on the satisfaction with life is still insufficient...
February 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
D Ophoff, M A Slaats, A Boudewyns, I Glazemakers, K Van Hoorenbeeck, S L Verhulst
Sleep disorders are a common problem during childhood. The consequences are variable, and sleep disorders can influence medical, psychological and developmental aspects of the growing child. It is important to recognize sleep disorders and to treat them correctly. We discuss common sleep disorders during childhood using the 3rd edition of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders. We analyze the different sleep disorders from a clinical approach and provide an overview of adequate treatment options...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Kevin A Hoff, Daniel A Briley, Colin J M Wee, James Rounds
Vocational interests predict a variety of important outcomes and are among the most widely applied individual difference constructs in psychology and education. Despite over 90 years of research, little is known about the longitudinal development of interests. In this meta-analysis, the authors investigate normative changes in interests through adolescence and young adulthood. Effect sizes were aggregated from 49 longitudinal studies reporting mean-level changes in vocational interests, containing 98 total samples and 20,639 participants...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Kristin L Leimgruber
Humans are a remarkably cooperative species, and one behavior thought to play an important role is that of reciprocal altruism. By ensuring that the immediate costs associated with performing a prosocial action will be recouped in the long-run, reciprocal interactions support the emergence and maintenance of group-level cooperation. Existing developmental research suggests that a tendency toward selective prosocial behavior and an understanding of direct reciprocal interactions emerge in early childhood, but much less is known about the interplay between these two behaviors...
February 14, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
I Trofimova, T W Robbins, W H Sulis, J Uher
This Editorial highlights a unique focus of this theme issue on the biological perspectives in deriving psychological taxonomies coming from neurochemistry, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, genetics, psychiatry, developmental and comparative psychology-as contrasted to more common discussions of socio-cultural concepts (personality) and methods (lexical approach). It points out the importance of the distinction between temperament and personality for studies in human and animal differential psychophysiology, psychiatry and psycho-pharmacology, sport and animal practices during the past century...
April 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Priscila Caçola, Michael Killian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: One of the major concerns for Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) are the mental and physical consequences of the condition, especially as they relate to quality of life factors. Here, we examined health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with DCD, determined the association between two standardized parent reports, and compared HRQOL of our sample with DCD with the normative sample of each assessment for typically developing (TD) children and a sample of children with chronic health conditions...
February 23, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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