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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905483/irrigation-water-productivity-is-more-influenced-by-agronomic-practice-factors-than-by-climatic-factors-in-hexi-corridor-northwest-china
#1
Xiaolin Li, Xiaotao Zhang, Jun Niu, Ling Tong, Shaozhong Kang, Taisheng Du, Sien Li, Risheng Ding
Quantifying the influence of driving factors on irrigation water productivity (IWP) is vital for efficient agricultural water use. This study analyzed contributions of agronomic practice and climatic factors to the changes of IWP, based on the data from 1981 to 2012 in Hexi Corridor, Northwest China. Cobb-Douglas production functions were developed by the partial least squares method and contribution rates of the driving factors were calculated. Results showed that IWP and its driving factors increased during the study period, with different changing patterns...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905190/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-non-imaging-screening-protocols-for-vestibular-schwannoma-in-patients-with-asymmetrical-hearing-loss-and-or-unilateral-audiovestibular-dysfunction-a-diagnostic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
M Hentschel, M Scholte, S Steens, H Kunst, M Rovers
BACKGROUND: Currently, all patients presenting with asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss and/or unilateral audiovestibular dysfunction (i.e. tinnitus, dizziness) undergo MRI, leading to a substantial amount of MRIs with negative findings as the incidence of vestibular schwannoma (VS) in this screening population varies between 1% and 4.7% (i.e. more than 95% of MRIs are negative for VS). OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The aim was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of different non-imaging screening protocols that can be used prior to MRI to select patients at high risk of VS...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904839/noncardiac-thoracic-surgery-in-abidjan-from-1977-to-2015
#3
Yves Tanauh, Flavien Kendja, Hervé Yangni-Angate, Blaise Demine, Raphaël Ouédé, Maurice Kouacou
BACKGROUND: To report and analyze noncardiac thoracic operations performed at the Cardiology Institute of Abidjan (Institut de Cardiologie d'Abidjan) from 1977 to 2015. METHODS: This is a retrospective and descriptive study covering 39 years, from 1977 to 2015. This study period was divided into three periods of 13 years each: P1 from 1977 to 1989, P2 from 1990 to 2002 and P3 from 2003 to 2015. Medical records of 2014 operated patients were analyzed: 414 patients for P1, 464 patients for P2, 1,136 patients for P3...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904087/push-out-bond-strength-of-a-new-post-system-after-various-post-space-treatments
#4
Melek Akman, Ayçe Unverdi Eldeniz, Selen Ince, Mehmet Burak Guneser
To assess the effect of post-space treatment with chelating agents on the push-out bond-strength of a glass fiber post-system. Fortyeight human teeth were decoronated. The roots were prepared to size 40 and obturated. The post-spaces were prepared with PeesoReamer drills. The post-spaces were irrigated with (i) NaOCl and EDTA with chlorhexidine (QMix), (ii) NaOCl and EDTA, (iii) NaOCl and Citric acid, (iv) NaOCl and saline as a control group. i-TFC glass fiber posts were then luted with i-TFC bond system. The samples were horizontally sectioned...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902953/rectal-free-perforation-after-stapled-hemorrhoidopexy-a-case-report-of-laparoscopic-peritoneal-lavage-and-repair-without-stoma
#5
Seokyong Ryu, Byung-Noe Bae
INTRODUCTION: Stapled hemorrhoidopexy is widely performed for treatment of prolapsed hemorrhoids because of advantages, including shorter hospital stay and less discomfort, compared with conventional hemorrhoidectomy. However, it can have severe adverse effects, such as rectal bleeding, perforation, and sepsis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a healthy 28-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with sudden-onset diffuse abdominal pain and hematochezia...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902614/associating-pancreaticostomy-and-biliary-irrigation-for-staged-pancreaticoduodenectomy-approach-to-pancreatic-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-with-recurrent-cholangitis-and-severe-jaundice-a-case-report
#6
Chao Dai, Siyuan Lou, Fan Zhou
PATIENT CONCERNS: A 63-year-old man was hospitalized with history of abdominal pain since more than 1 year, and that of fever with chills since 2 weeks. DIAGNOSES: Based on the laboratory investigations and radiologic findings, a preliminary diagnosis of pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) with recurrent cholangitis and severe jaundice was made. INTERVENTIONS: An initial attempt at endoscopic and image-guided drainage proved unsuccessful...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901056/rice-volatiles-lure-gravid-malaria-mosquitoes-anopheles-arabiensis
#7
Betelehem Wondwosen, Göran Birgersson, Emiru Seyoum, Habte Tekie, Baldwyn Torto, Ulrike Fillinger, Sharon R Hill, Rickard Ignell
Mosquito oviposition site selection is essential for vector population dynamics and malaria epidemiology. Irrigated rice cultivations provide ideal larval habitats for malaria mosquitoes, which has resulted in increased prevalence of the malaria vector, Anopheles arabiensis, in sub-Saharan Africa. The nature and origin of the cues regulating this behaviour are only now being elucidated. We show that gravid Anopheles arabiensis are attracted and oviposit in response to the odour present in the air surrounding rice...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898990/european-paediatric-surgeons-association-survey-on-the-management-of-hirschsprung-disease
#8
Augusto Zani, Simon Eaton, Francesco Morini, Prem Puri, Risto Rintala, Ernest van Heurn, Marija Lukac, Pietro Bagolan, Joachim F Kuebler, Florian Friedmacher, Rene Wijnen, Juan A Tovar, Michael E Hoellwarth, Agostino Pierro
: Aim This study aims to define patterns of Hirschsprung disease (HD) management. Methods An online questionnaire was sent to all European Paediatric Surgeons' Association (EUPSA) members. Results A total of 294 members (61 countries) answered (response rate: 61%). DIAGNOSIS: All respondents perform rectal biopsies (61% rectal suction [RSBs], 39% open full-thickness), 96% contrast enema, and 31% anorectal manometry. At RSB, 17% take the most distal biopsy 1 cm above the dentate line, 34% take 2 cm, 30% take 3 cm, and 19% take > 3 cm...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898180/apical-negative-pressure-irrigation-versus-syringe-irrigation-a-systematic-review-of-cleaning-and-disinfection-of-the-root-canal-system
#9
REVIEW
E Konstantinidi, Z Psimma, L E Chávez de Paz, C Boutsioukis
The aim of this study was to systematically review and critically analyse the published data on the treatment outcome (primary outcome) and on the cleaning and disinfection of root canals (secondary outcomes) achieved by negative pressure irrigation as compared to syringe irrigation. An electronic search was conducted in EMBASE, LILACS, Pubmed, SciELO, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge using both free-text keywords and controlled vocabulary. Additional studies were sought through hand-searching of endodontic journals and of the relevant chapters of endodontic textbooks...
November 28, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896582/effect-of-irrigation-on-soil-health-a-case-study-of-the-ikere-irrigation-project-in-oyo-state-southwest-nigeria
#10
M A Adejumobi, G O Awe, T P Abegunrin, O M Oyetunji, T S Kareem
Irrigated agriculture is one of the significant contributors to the food security of the millennium development goals (MDGs); however, the modification of soil matrix by irrigation could alter the overall soil health due to changes in soil properties and processes. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of irrigation on soil quality status of the Ikere center pivot irrigation project site in Oyo State, southwest Nigeria. Disturbed soil samples were collected from 0 to 30, 30 to 60, and 60 to 90-cm layers from four different sites in three replicates, within the project location for the determination of soil bio-chemical properties...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895648/grape-ripening-is-regulated-by-deficit-irrigation-elevated-temperatures-according-to-cluster-position-in-the-canopy
#11
Olfa Zarrouk, Cecilia Brunetti, Ricardo Egipto, Carla Pinheiro, Tânia Genebra, Antonella Gori, Carlos M Lopes, Massimiliano Tattini, M Manuela Chaves
The impact of water deficit on berry quality has been extensively investigated during the last decades. Nonetheless, there is a scarcity of knowledge on the performance of varieties exposed to a combination of high temperatures/water stress during the growing season and under vineyard conditions. The objective of this research was to investigate the effects of two irrigation regimes, sustained deficit irrigation (SDI, 30% ETc) and regulated deficit irrigation (RDI, 15% ETc) and of two cluster positions within the canopy (east- and west-exposed sides) on berry ripening in red Aragonez (Tempranillo) grapevines...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894805/leaching-behavior-of-veterinary-antibiotics-in-animal-manure-applied-soils
#12
Min Pan, L M Chu
Agricultural fields worldwide are being contaminated by the escalating application of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) via animal manure and biosolids applied as fertilizers or of wastewater for irrigation, resulting in soil degradation and damage to the health of terrestrial environments. This paper describes a series of column studies investigating the leaching behavior of five VAs, tetracycline (TC), sulfamethazine (SMZ), norfloxacin (NOR), erythromycin (ERY) and chloramphenicol (CAP), under different simulated rainfall conditions that could occur in agricultural environments...
November 25, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894802/variation-in-the-urban-vegetation-surface-temperature-air-temperature-nexus
#13
Sheri A Shiflett, Liyin L Liang, Steven M Crum, Gudina L Feyisa, Jun Wang, G Darrel Jenerette
Our study examines the urban vegetation - air temperature (Ta) - land surface temperature (LST) nexus at micro- and regional-scales to better understand urban climate dynamics and the uncertainty in using satellite-based LST for characterizing Ta. While vegetated cooling has been repeatedly linked to reductions in urban LST, the effects of vegetation on Ta, the quantity often used to characterize urban heat islands and global warming, and on the interactions between LST and Ta are less well characterized. To address this need we quantified summer temporal and spatial variation in Ta through a network of 300 air temperature sensors in three sub-regions of greater Los Angeles, CA, which spans a coastal to desert climate gradient...
November 25, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894777/efficacy-of-long-acting-octreotide-on-reducing-mucus-production-in-patients-with-ileal-neobladder
#14
Mohammad Hatef Khorrami, Amir Javid, Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi, Farshid Alizadeh, Mahtab Zargham, Farbod Khorrami
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of long-acting-release octreotide (trade name Sandostatin) on decreasing mucus secretion, thus reducing catheter obstruction after radical cystectomy and orthotopic reconstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we treated 73 cases of radical cystectomy between the years 2008 and 2014; 65 were deemed eligible for the study. Cases were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group A (n = 32) received 2 doses of 20 mg intramuscular long-acting-release octreotide 4 weeks before and on the day of surgery, while group B (n = 33) received placebo...
November 4, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891476/anti-bacterial-effectiveness-of-electro-chemically-activated-eca-water-as-a-root-canal-irrigant-an-in-vitro-comparative-study
#15
S Lata, Soumya Kanta Mohanty, Prasanti Kumari Pradhan, Gaurav Patri, Sachidananda Prasad Sinha, Pratik Agrawal
INTRODUCTION: Sodium hypochlorite, is the irrigant of choice for many clinicians, but its strong toxic and damaging effects on vital periapical tissues is always a matter of concern. So, the search for a root canal irrigant with a broad antimicrobial spectrum yet with a limited toxicity on vital tissues is always desirable. AIM: The study evaluated antimicrobial efficacy of Electro-Chemically Activated (ECA) water as a root canal irrigant against E. faecalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty eight single rooted human teeth were decoronated to a length of 15mm...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891459/comparison-of-antibacterial-efficacy-of-turmeric-extract-morinda-citrifolia-and-3-sodium-hypochlorite-on-enterococcus-faecalis-an-in-vitro-study
#16
Bathula Vimala Chaitanya, Kusum Valli Somisetty, Abhinav Diwan, Shiraz Pasha, Nandaprasad Shetty, Yashwanth Reddy, Shankar Nadigar
INTRODUCTION: Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), the most commonly used irrigant, has many potential properties like its unique ability to dissolve pulp tissue, excellent antimicrobial activity, but has a cytotoxic effect when injected into periapical tissues. It is also known to produce allergic reactions, foul smell and taste, and potential for corrosion. Facultative organisms such as Enterococcus faecalis and aerobes like Staphylococcus aureus are considered to be the most resistant species and one of the possible causes of root canal treatment failure...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891318/complication-of-improper-management-of-sodium-hypochlorite-accident-during-root-canal-treatment
#17
Fatemah Faras, Fawaz Abo-Alhassan, Abdullah Sadeq, Hisham Burezq
Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a common irrigation solution used in root canal treatment. It has strong antibacterial and tissue dissolving properties. Nevertheless, it has some serious complications, some of which are life-threatening. A young male presented with severe chemical burn of the right infraorbital area and partial necrosis of the hard palate resulting from extrusion of NaOCl during root canal treatment of the upper right 2(nd) molar tooth. The patient had a facial scar, and mucosal damage healed nearly completely...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891041/spinal-intradural-hydatid-cyst-causing-arachnoiditis-a-rare-etiology-of-cauda-equina-syndrome
#18
Suyash Singh, Jayesh Sardhara, Amit Kumar Singh, Arun Kumar Srivastava, Kamlesh Singh Bhaisora, Kuntal Kanti Das, Anant Mehrotra, Rabi N Sahu, Awadhesh Kumar Jaiswal, Sanjay Behari
This study aims to focus on a rare presentation of spinal hydatid cyst as cauda equine syndrome and misdiagnosed as intradural extramedullary (IDEM) benign lesion on magnetic resonance imaging. In this article, we report a case of spinal hydatid cyst masquerading as IDEM tumor, and intraoperatively, we accidently find clumped granuloma with severe arachnoiditis and hydatid cyst in lumber region, which was present as bilateral S1 radiculopathy with cauda equina syndrome. An 11-year-old boy who presented with symptoms and signs of cauda equina syndrome and planned for surgical excision...
October 2016: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888909/topical-therapies-for-refractory-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#19
REVIEW
Akshay Sanan, Mindy Rabinowitz, Marc Rosen, Gurston Nyquist
Topical therapy has become an important tool in the otolaryngologist's armamentarium for refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Daily high-volume sinonasal saline irrigation and standard metered-dose topical nasal steroid therapy are supported by the most evidence. Nonstandard topical sinonasal steroid therapies are a potential option for refractory CRS. Current evidence recommends against the use of topical antifungal therapy and topical antibiotic therapy delivered using spray and nebulized techniques in routine cases of CRS...
February 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888575/the-effect-of-fibrinogen-concentrate-on-perioperative-bleeding-in-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-and-randomized-study
#20
Mohammad Soleimani, Navid Masoumi, Navid Nooraei, Alireza Lashay, Mohammad Reza Safarinejad
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage during transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P) has always been a concern. Several studies have shown that pre-operative administration of fibrinogen concentrate has promising results in reducing hemorrhage in cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the hemostatic effect of fibrinogen concentrate administration on reducing the bleeding amount during TUR-P in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. METHODS: Sixty men with benign prostatic hyperplasia, who were chosen to undergo TUR-P, entered this prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled pilot study...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
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