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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092761/chlorinated-and-ultraviolet-radiation-treated-reclaimed-irrigation-water-is-the-source-of-aeromonas-found-in-vegetables-used-for-human-consumption
#1
Fadua Latif-Eugenín, Roxana Beaz-Hidalgo, Carolina Silvera-Simón, Xavi Fernandez-Cassi, María J Figueras
Wastewater is increasingly being recognized as a key water resource, and reclaimed water (or treated wastewater) is used for irrigating vegetables destined for human consumption. The aim of the present study was to determine the diversity and prevalence of Aeromonas spp. both in reclaimed water used for irrigation and in the three types of vegetables irrigated with that water. Seven of the 11 (63.6%) samples of reclaimed water and all samples of vegetables were positive for the presence of Aeromonas. A total of 216 Aeromonas isolates were genotyped and corresponded to 132 different strains that after identification by sequencing the rpoD gene belonged to 10 different species...
January 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092475/temperature-development-on-the-external-root-surface-during-laser-assisted-endodontic-treatment-applying-a-microchopped-mode-of-a-980%C3%A2-nm-diode-laser
#2
Franziska Beer, Eleftherios Terry R Farmakis, Josip Kopic, Christoph Kurzmann, Andreas Moritz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to investigate the temperature increase of the external root surface during laser-assisted endodontic treatment using a diode laser (980 nm) in a microchopped mode. METHODS: Ten freshly extracted, human maxillary incisors with mature apices were collected, prepared to size F4 at working length (ProTaper; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), mounted to a holder, and irradiated (using spiral movements in coronal direction) with a diode laser (GENTLEray 980 Classic Plus; KaVo, Biberach, Germany) with a 200 μm fiber in four different treatment groups: Group 1 (control group) was irradiated in six cycles of 5-sec irradiation/20-sec pause with 2...
January 12, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092136/computational-fluid-dynamic-modeling-of-nose-to-ceiling-head-positioning-for-sphenoid-sinus-irrigation
#3
John R Craig, James N Palmer, Kai Zhao
BACKGROUND: After sinus surgery, patients are commonly instructed to irrigate with saline irrigations with their heads over a sink and noses directed inferiorly (nose-to-floor). Although irrigations can penetrate the sinuses in this head position, no study has assessed whether sphenoid sinus penetration can be improved by irrigating with the nose directed superiorly (nose-to-ceiling). The purpose of this study was to use a validated computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of sinus irrigations to assess the difference in sphenoid sinus delivery of irrigations after irrigating in a nose-to-floor vs nose-to-ceiling head position...
January 16, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092126/stability-of-a-novel-corticosteroid-nasal-irrigation-solution-betamethasone-17-valerate-added-to-extemporaneously-prepared-nasal-irrigation-solutions
#4
Kheng Yong Ong, Wei Ching Lim, Shing Ming Ooi, Zhi Hui Loh, Ming Chai Kong, Lai Wah Chan, Paul Wan Sia Heng
BACKGROUND: There are no commercially available nasal irrigation solutions containing corticosteroids. Instead, such preparations are extemporaneously prepared by adding existing corticosteroid formulations to nasal irrigation solutions. The stability of the corticosteroid betamethasone 17-valerate (B17V), in nasal irrigation solutions of different compositions and pH and stored under different temperatures, was studied to determine the optimal choice of solution and storage conditions...
January 16, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092007/study-of-the-genotoxicity-of-organic-extracts-from-wastewater-irrigated-vegetables-using-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-biological-tests
#5
Hongxia Gao, Yanhua Cao, Yingli Liu, Nan Liu, Weijun Guan
The purpose of this study was to explore genotoxicity due to organic pollutants in wastewater-irrigated vegetables using biological and chemical analyses. Chinese cabbages from wastewater-irrigated farmland were taken as the research object. For the in vitro test, DNA damage was characterized in rat hepatocytes exposed to organic extracts from the cabbages using the comet assay. For the in vivo tests, mice were exposed to organic extracts from the cabbages. DNA damage was assessed in mouse peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs), and chromosome damage was assessed in bone marrow cells using the comet assay and micronucleus test, respectively...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091749/irrigation-lavage-colonic-hydrotherapy-from-beauty-center-to-clinic
#6
EDITORIAL
G Bazzocchi, R Giuberti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090475/use-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-to-treat-inspissated-bile-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Woo Young Jun, Min Jeng Cho, Hye Seung Han, Sun Hwan Bae
Inspissated bile syndrome (IBS) is a rare condition in which thick intraluminal bile, including bile plugs, sludge, or stones, blocks the extrahepatic bile ducts in an infant. A 5-week-old female infant was admitted for evaluation of jaundice and acholic stool. Diagnostic tests, including ultrasound sonography, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, and a hepatobiliary scan, were not conclusive. Although the diagnosis was unclear, the clinical and laboratory findings improved gradually on administration of urodeoxycholic acid and lipid emulsion containing omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for 3 weeks...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088225/using-low-cost-drones-to-map-malaria-vector-habitats
#8
Andy Hardy, Makame Makame, Dónall Cross, Silas Majambere, Mwinyi Msellem
BACKGROUND: There is a growing awareness that if we are to achieve the ambitious goal of malaria elimination, we must compliment indoor-based vector control interventions (such as bednets and indoor spraying) with outdoor-based interventions such as larval source management (LSM). The effectiveness of LSM is limited by our capacity to identify and map mosquito aquatic habitats. This study provides a proof of concept for the use of a low-cost (< $1000) drone (DJI Phantom) for mapping water bodies in seven sites across Zanzibar including natural water bodies, irrigated and non-irrigated rice paddies, peri-urban and urban locations...
January 14, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079789/the-impact-of-irrigating-fluid-absorption-on-blood-coagulation-in-patients-undergoing-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-a-prospective-observational-study-using-rotational-thromboelastometry
#9
Hyun-Jung Shin, Hyo-Seok Na, Young-Tae Jeon, Hee-Pyoung Park, Sun-Woo Nam, Jung-Won Hwang
Although endoscopic transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a well-established procedure as a treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia, its complications remain a concern. Among these, coagulopathy may be caused by the absorption of irrigating fluid. This study aimed to evaluate such phenomenon using a rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM).A total of 20 patients undergoing TURP participated in this study. A mixture of 2.7% sorbitol-0.54% mannitol solution and 1% ethanol was used as an irrigating fluid, and fluid absorption was measured via the ethanol concentration in expired breath...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078863/nasal-irrigation-with-nasir%C3%A2-in-children-a-preliminary-experience-on-nasal-cytology
#10
M Gelardi, S Taliente, K Piccininni, G Silvestre, N Quaranta, G Ciprandi
Allergic rhinitis (AR) and upper airway respiratory infections are frequent in children, and both have a relevant impact on some social aspects, including school attendance and performance, sleep, quality of life (also of the parents), and costs. Saline nasal irrigation is widely employed to reduce nasal congestion and mucopurulent secretion, to stimulate cleansing of the nasal and paranasal cavities, and to induce restoration of mucociliary clearance. The present study evaluated the effects of nasal irrigation on nasal cytology, using the new device Nasir® in 66 children (40 males, 26 females, mean age 7...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077250/role-of-video-head-impulse-test-in-lateralization-of-vestibulopathy-comparative-study-with-caloric-test
#11
Pona Park, Joo Hyun Park, Ji Soo Kim, Ja-Won Koo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the lateralization value of video head-impulse test (vHIT) for the diagnosis of vestibulopathy and to analyze cases showing dissociated results with caloric test. METHODS: In total, 19 healthy volunteers and 92 dizzy patients who underwent both a caloric test and a vHIT were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups depending on their fluctuating pattern of vertigo. The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain and gain asymmetry (GA) of a vHIT as well as unilateral weakness (UW) and the sum of the slow-phase velocities (SPVs) of warm and cold irrigation of the same side were compared...
January 8, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076461/an-in-vitro-evaluation-of-various-irrigation-techniques-for-the-removal-of-double-antibiotic-paste-from-root-canal-surfaces
#12
Hakan Gokturk, Ismail Ozkocak, Fevzi Buyukgebiz, Osman Demir
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of conventional syringe irrigations, passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), Vibringe, CanalBrush, XP-endo Finisher, and laser-activated irrigation (LAI) systems in removing double antibiotic paste (DAP) from root canals. Material and Methods: One hundred five extracted single-rooted teeth were instrumented. The roots were split longitudinally. Three standard grooves were created and covered with DAP...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076457/removal-of-calcium-hydroxide-from-weine-type-ii-systems-using-photon-induced-photoacoustic-streaming-passive-ultrasonic-and-needle-irrigation-a-microcomputed-tomography-study
#13
Adam Lloyd, Geraldine Navarrete, Melissa Andreia Marchesan, David Clement
Objective: This study compared the effectiveness of Er:YAG laser-activated irrigation (PIPS), passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) with EndoUltra and standard needle irrigation (SNI) in the removal of calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] from the mesial roots of Weine Type II mandibular molars. Material and Methods: Thirty mandibular molars were screened by µCT for the presence of mesial roots with complex intra-canal anatomy and a common apical foramen. The teeth were enlarged to a standardized 25/...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075437/comparison-of-irrigation-times-using-gravity-and-high-pressure-lavage
#14
Stefano Muscatelli, Andrea Howe, Nathan N O'Hara, Robert V O'Toole, Sheila A Sprague, Gerard P Slobogean
The benefits of high-pressure pulsatile lavage for open fracture irrigation have been controversial based on conflicting experimental animal research. Recently published data definitively demonstrated that irrigation pressure does not affect the incidence of reoperation for the treatment of open fractures. However, proponents of pulsatile lavage argue a faster irrigation time is an important benefit of the high-pressure treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in irrigation time between gravity and high-pressure lavage...
January 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075168/transurethral-resection-of-prostate-and-bleeding-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-to-see-efficacy-of-short-term-use-of-finasteride-and-dutasteride-on-operative-blood-loss-and-prostatic-micro-vessel-density
#15
Ankur Bansal, Aditi Arora
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of short term use of finasteride and dutasteride on the amount of intraoperative blood loss and microvessel density (MVD) of prostatic stromal and suburethral tissues in the patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) prior to transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). METHODS: The study involved 450 male patients who planned to have TURP and were prospectively randomized into 3 groups (150 patients each). Group 1 received placebo, group 2 received finasteride 5 mg/day and group 3 received dutasteride 0...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074372/tracking-fluorescent-components-of-dissolved-organic-matter-from-soils-in-large-scale-irrigated-area
#16
Hongwei Pan, Huibin Yu, Yonghui Song, Lin Zhu, Ruixia Liu, Erdeng Du
Combination of fluorescence excitation-emission matrix spectroscopy with parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) and principal component analysis (PCA) was engaged to track fluorescent components of dissolved organic matter (DOM) extracted from soils, to seek potential factors, and to reveal their correlations with physico-chemical properties of soils. Soil samples at different depths were collected in Hetao irrigated area of Inner Mongolia, China. Five fluorescent components (C1 to C5) were identified by PARAFAC modeling of DOM extracted from the soil samples...
January 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073653/rare-lateral-dislocation-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Amir Reza Vosoughi, Pascal F Rippstein
Traumatic lateral dislocations of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint are very rare. A 44-year-old male was referred after a motorcycle to car accident because of an exposed head of the left first metatarsal through a laceration on the medial aspect of the first MTP joint. Radiographs showed a lateral dislocation of the first MTP joint, with concomitant fractures of the neck of the second metatarsal and the base of the third and fourth metatarsal bones. The dislocation was reduced in the emergency department with the patient under conscious sedation after thorough irrigation...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073286/bipolar-plasmakinetic-enucleo-resection-of-the-prostate-our-exp%C3%A3-rience-with-245-patients-for-3-years-of-follow-up
#18
Ahmed Abou-Taleb, Waleed El-Shaer, Wael Saber, Tarek Gharib, Alaa Elshaer
OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, feasibility and effectiveness of bipolar transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of the prostate (PKEP). PATIENTS AND METHOD: Between January 2010 and October 2013, 245 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) underwent transurethral enucleation of prostate using bipolar plasma vaporization energy. They were evaluated pre-operatively by Full detailed history, examination especially digital rectal examination (DRE), routine pre-operative investigation, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), abdominal and trans-rectal ultrasonography (US) and Maximum flow rates (Qmax)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071794/irrigation-and-fruit-canopy-position-modify-oil-quality-of-olive-trees-cv-frantoio
#19
Giovanni Caruso, Riccardo Gucci, Maria Isabella Sifola, Roberto Selvaggini, Stefania Urbani, Sonia Esposto, Agnese Taticchi, Maurizio Servili
BACKGROUND: Fruit development and oil quality in Olea europaea L. are strongly influenced by both light and water availability. In this study the simultaneous effects of light environment and irrigation on fruit characteristics and oil quality were studied in a high-density orchard over two consecutive years. Olive fruits were harvested from three canopy positions (intercepting about 64%, 42% and 30% of above canopy radiation) of fully-productive trees subjected to full, deficit or complementary irrigation...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070814/source-identification-and-spatial-distribution-of-heavy-metals-in-tobacco-growing-soils-in-shandong-province-of-china-with-multivariate-and-geostatistical-analysis
#20
Haiwei Liu, Yan Zhang, Xue Zhou, Xiuxuan You, Yi Shi, Jialai Xu
Samples of surface soil from tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) fields were analysed for heavy metals and showed the following concentrations (mean of 246 samples, mg/kg): As, 5.10; Cd, 0.11; Cr, 49.49; Cu, 14.72; Hg, 0.08; Ni, 19.28; Pb. 20.20 and Zn, 30.76. The values of the index of geoaccumulation (I geo) and of the enrichment factor indicated modest enrichment with As, Cd, Cr, Hg, Ni or Pb. Principal component analysis and cluster analysis correctly allocated each investigated element to its source, whether anthropogenic or natural...
January 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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