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Cultured beef

Ayaka Ishihara, Etaro Hashimoto, Haruhiko Ishioka, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Harumi Gomi
Meningitis caused by the zoonotic pathogen Campylobacter fetus in immunocompetent adults is rare. We report a 48-year-old Japanese woman with no underlying disease who was found to have meningitis caused by C. fetus . Both C. fetus subsp. fetus and C. fetus subsp. venerealis were isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid culture. The mode of infection in our patient was considered to be associated with the consumption of raw beef and raw cattle liver on a regular basis. Public awareness and education to avoid the consumption of raw or undercooked meat might help prevent C...
2018: IDCases
Charity G Owings, Christine Skaggs, Winyu Sheriff, Nicholas Manicke, Christine J Picard
Filth flies are commonly implicated in pathogen transmission routes due to their affinity for vertebrate waste and their synanthropic associations. However, solidifying the link between flies and infected feces in the wild can be difficult, as interpretations made solely from microbial culturing or sequencing methods may represent an incomplete picture of pathogen acquisition. We present an analytical assay using high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC MS/MS) to detect vertebrate fecal metabolites (urobilinoids) in adult blow fly guts...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Entomology
Peter Slade
In a hypothetical choice experiment consumers were given the option of purchasing burgers that were made from beef, plant-based protein, or cultured meat. Willingness to purchase plant-based and cultured meat burgers is linked to age, sex, views of other food technologies, and attitudes towards the environment and agriculture. Although consumers were told that all burgers tasted the same, there was a marked preference for beef burgers. A mixed-logit model predicts that, if prices were equal, 65% of consumers would purchase the beef burger, 21% would purchase the plant-based burger, 11% would purchase the cultured meat burger, and 4% would make no purchase...
February 28, 2018: Appetite
Lee James Opdahl, Michael G Gonda, Benoit St-Pierre
The ability of ruminants to utilize cellulosic biomass is a result of the metabolic activities of symbiotic microbial communities that reside in the rumen. To gain further insight into this complex microbial ecosystem, a selection-based batch culturing approach was used to identify candidate cellulose-utilizing bacterial consortia. Prior to culturing with cellulose, rumen contents sampled from three beef cows maintained on a forage diet shared 252 Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs), accounting for 41.6-50.0% of bacterial 16S rRNA gene sequences in their respective samples...
February 24, 2018: Microorganisms
S Crosby, B Credille, S Giguère, R Berghaus
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in North American beef cattle. Mannheimia haemolytica (Mh) is the bacterial pathogen most often isolated from cattle with BRD and the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in this organism has increased in recent years. Antimicrobials are commonly used to prevent BRD in cattle at high-risk of developing BRD, however, recent work would suggest that this practice might be one factor contributing to the increased prevalence of AMR in Mh...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Y N Ma, B Wang, Z X Wang, N A Gomez, M J Zhu, M Du
Protocols designed for the adipogenic differentiation of human and mouse cells are commonly used for inducing the adipogenesis of bovine stromal vascular cells. However, likely due to metabolic differences between ruminant and non-ruminant animals, these methods result in only few cells undergoing complete adipogenesis with minimal lipid droplet accumulation. Here, we discuss the development of an adipogenic differentiation protocol for bovine primary cells through a three-dimensional spheroid culture. Stromal vascular cells derived from bovine intramuscular fat were isolated and stored in liquid nitrogen before culturing...
February 22, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Maik Hilgarth, Sandra Fuertes-Pèrez, Matthias Ehrmann, Rudi F Vogel
The genus Photobacterium comprises species of marine bacteria, commonly found in open-ocean and deep-sea environments. Some species (e.g. Photobacterium phosphoreum) are associated with fish spoilage. Recently, culture-independent studies have drawn attention to the presence of photobacteria on meat. This study employed a comparative isolation approach of Photobacterium spp. and aimed to develop an adapted isolation procedure for recovery from food samples, as demonstrated for different meats: Marine broth is used for resuspending and dilution of food samples, and cultivation on marine broth agar supplemented with meat extract and vancomycin at 15 °C for 72 hours...
February 8, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Wendy Beauvais, Elena V Gart, Melissa Bean, Anthony Blanco, Jennifer Wilsey, Kallie McWhinney, Laura Bryan, Mary Krath, Ching-Yuan Yang, Diego Manriquez Alvarez, Sushil Paudyal, Kelsey Bryan, Samantha Stewart, Peter W Cook, Glenn Lahodny, Karina Baumgarten, Raju Gautam, Kendra Nightingale, Sara D Lawhon, Pablo Pinedo, Renata Ivanek
Escherichia coli O157:H7 fecal shedding in feedlot cattle is common and is a public health concern due to the risk of foodborne transmission that can result in severe, or even fatal, disease in people. Despite a large body of research, few practical and cost-effective farm-level interventions have been identified. In this study, a randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess the effect of reducing the level of water in automatically refilling water-troughs on fecal shedding of E. coli O157:H7 in feedlot cattle...
2018: PloS One
L F Schütz, R E Hurst, N B Schreiber, L J Spicer
We reported previously that fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) acts as an antidifferentiation factor, stimulating proliferation of granulosa cells (GCs) and theca cells (TCs) while suppressing hormone-induced steroidogenesis of these cells. How FGF9 acts to simultaneously suppress steroidogenesis and stimulate proliferation remains to be fully elucidated. Thus, this study was undertaken to clarify the effects of FGF9 on the TC transcriptome. Ovaries were obtained from beef heifers at a local abattoir, TCs were isolated from large antral follicles, and cultured with or without 30 ng/mL of FGF9 for 24 h in the presence of LH and IGF-1...
January 4, 2018: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
Devin B Holman, Edouard Timsit, Calvin W Booker, Trevor W Alexander
Beef cattle in North America that are deemed to be at high risk of developing bovine respiratory disease (BRD) are frequently administered a metaphylactic antibiotic injection to control the disease. Cattle may also receive in-feed antimicrobials to prevent specific diseases and ionophores to improve growth and feed efficiency. Presently, attempts to evaluate the effects that these medications have on antibiotic resistance in the bovine nasopharyngeal microbiota have been focused on culturable bacteria that are associated with BRD...
February 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Tomasz Sadkowski, Anna Ciecierska, Jolanta Oprządek, Edyta Balcerek
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle in livestock develops into meat, an important source of protein and other nutrients for human consumption. The muscle is largely composed of a fixed number of multinucleated myofibers determined during late gestation and remains constant postnatally. A population of postnatal muscle stem cells, called satellite cells, gives rise to myoblast cells that can fuse with the existing myofibers, thus increasing their size. This requires a delicate balance of transcription and growth factors and specific microRNA (miRNA) expressed by satellite cells and their supporting cells from the muscle stem cell niche...
January 31, 2018: BMC Genomics
Giulia Amagliani, Luca Rotundo, Elisa Carloni, Enrica Omiccioli, Mauro Magnani, Giorgio Brandi, Pina Fratamico
The main purpose of this work was to evaluate culture enrichment conditions, with particular regard to those reported in ISO/TS 13136:2012, for STEC detection in food. The culture media evaluated included mTSB with novobiocin 0-16mg/l (mTSB+N0-16) or acriflavin 12mg/l (mTSB+A12); BPW; mBPWp with acriflavin 10mg/l, cefsulodin 10mg/l, vancomycin 8mg/l (mBPWp+ACV); and mBPWp with cefsulodin 10mg/l, vancomycin 8mg/l (mBPWp+CV). They were used for the growth of STEC O157, O26, O103, O111, O145 and O104 in pure cultures or in artificially contaminated food matrices (ground beef, mung bean sprouts)...
January 2018: Food Research International
L G Silva, C B Sampaio, E M Paula, T Shenkoru, V L N Brandao, X Dai, B Perryman, A P Faciola
The objective was to evaluate the ruminal fermentation patterns of forage kochia (FK) compared to alfalfa hay (AH) and orchardgrass hay (OH) (Exp. 1), and ephedra (EPH) and immature cheatgrass (CG) compared to OH (Exp. 2), using a dual-flow continuous culture system. Two in vitro experiments were conducted, and in each experiment treatments were randomly assigned to 6 dual-flow fermenters (1,223 mL ± 21 mL) in a replicated 3 x 3 Latin square design, with 3 consecutive periods of 10-d each, consisting of 7 d for diet adaptation and 3 d for sample collection...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Rajeswara Reddy Erva, T C Venkateswarulu, Bangaraiah Pagala
Physical and chemical factors influencing the anti-leukemic l-asparaginase enzyme production by Bacillus subtilis VUVD001 were optimized using multi-stage optimization on the basis of preliminary experimental outcomes obtained by conventional one-factor-at-a-time approach using shake flasks. Process variables namely carbon, nitrogen sources, pH and temperature were taken into consideration during response surface methodology (RSM) optimization. The finest enzyme activity of 0.51 IUml-1 obtained by OFAT method was enhanced by 3...
January 2018: 3 Biotech
Johan Höglund, Anna Hessle, Konstantinos Zaralis, Katarina Arvidsson-Segerkvist, Spiridoula Athanasiadou
Body weight gain (BWG) and gastrointestinal nematode challenge (GIN) were investigated in two genetically diverse groups of cattle. Thirty-two dairy calves (D=Swedish Red/Holstein) and 31 dairy×beef crosses (C=Swedish Red/Holstein×Charolais) pairwise matched by dam breed and birth dates, were monitored for ≈20 weeks on a pasture grazed by cattle in the previous year. At turn-out, animals (between 6 and 12 months age) from each genotype were either infected with 5000 third stage (L3) Ostertagia ostertagi (50%) and Cooperia oncophora (50%) larvae (H, high-exposure); or treated monthly with 0...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Junliang Zhong, Xihong Zhao
The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of the conventional PCR detection method combined with propidium monoazide (PMA) treatment for the detection of viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state Escherichia coli O157:H7 in ground beef meatballs. Under low temperature, E. coli O157:H7 cells were induced into the VBNC state in ground beef meatballs at - 20 °C after 152 days. The optimal PMA concentration of 5 µg/mL was obtained in beef meatball samples, which could completely inhibit the DNA amplification on dead cells (106 cells/mL) but with no inhibition on viable cells...
January 2018: 3 Biotech
Nguyen Thi Nhung, Nguyen Thi Bich Van, Nguyen Van Cuong, Truong Thi Quy Duong, Tran Thi Nhat, Tran Thi Thu Hang, Nguyen Thi Hong Nhi, Bach Tuan Kiet, Vo Be Hien, Pham Thi Ngoc, James Campbell, Guy Thwaites, Juan Carrique-Mas
Excessive antimicrobial usage and deficiencies in hygiene in meat production systems may result in undesirable human health hazards, such as the presence of antimicrobial drug residues and non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS), including antimicrobial resistant (AMR) NTS. Recently, Vietnam has witnessed the emergence of integrated intensive animal production systems, coexisting with more traditional, locally-sourced wet markets. To date no systematic studies have been carried out to compare health hazards in beef, pork and chicken in different production systems...
December 17, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
V H Suarez, G M Martínez, J F Micheloud, A E Viñabal
The aim of this work was to study the epidemiology and the harmful effect of gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) on beef cattle in the piedmont forest and grassland region of northwestern Argentina, between March 2015 and March 2016. Sixty weaned female calves were divided into three groups: STG-calves treated systematically with 200 mcg/kg moxidectin every 40-50 days; LTG-calves treated as usually locally implemented, with 200 mcg/kg ivermectin on May 4 and August 5; and UTG-calves not receiving treatment...
December 22, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Wondimu Wabeto, Yishak Abraham, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: The consumption of multidrug resistant Salmonella isolates along with a raw meat dish is directly relevant to the global public health crisis of antimicrobial resistance. All countries around the globe are suffering from food-borne diseases. In developing countries, more than one billion individuals suffering from gastroenteritis and around five million infected individuals die annually. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from December 2015 to May 2016 to show the risk of Salmonella associated with consuming traditional raw meat dishes and to characterize the antimicrobial resistance profile at Wolaita Sodo municipal abattoir...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Chisoni Mumba, Eystein Skjerve, Magda Rich, Karl M Rich
East Coast Fever (ECF) is the most economically important production disease among traditional beef cattle farmers in Zambia. Despite the disease control efforts by the government, donors, and farmers, ECF cases are increasing. Why does ECF oscillate over time? Can alternative approaches such as systems thinking contribute solutions to the complex ECF problem, avoid unintended consequences, and achieve sustainable results? To answer these research questions and inform the design and implementation of ECF interventions, we qualitatively investigated the influence of dynamic socio-economic, cultural, and ecological factors...
2017: PloS One
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