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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229197/minimally-invasive-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-vs-standard-pcnl-for-management-of-renal-stones-in-the-flank-free-modified-supine-position-single-center-experience
#1
Ahmed Sakr, Emad Salem, Mostafa Kamel, Esam Desoky, Ahmed Ragab, Mohamed Omran, Amr Fawzi, Ashraf Shahin
To assess the safety and efficacy of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mPCNL) as compared to standard PCNL (sPCNL) for management of 2-3-cm renal stones in the flank-free modified supine position. Between September 2010 and December 2013, 150 patients (168 renal units) with 2-3-cm renal stones were prospectively randomized into two treatment groups; Group A (75 patients/87 renal units) treated by mPCNL and Group B (75 patients/81 renal units) treated by sPCNL. In both groups, the patients were placed in the flank-free modified supine position...
February 22, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226727/surgical-fiducial-segmentation-and-tracking-for-pose-estimation-based-on-ultrasound-b-mode-images
#2
Lei Chen, Nathanael Kuo, Fereshteh Aalamifar, David Narrow, Devin Coon, Jerry Prince, Emad M Boctor, Lei Chen, Nathanael Kuo, Fereshteh Aalamifar, David Narrow, Devin Coon, Jerry Prince, Emad M Boctor, David Narrow, Emad M Boctor, Devin Coon, Lei Chen, Jerry Prince, Nathanael Kuo, Fereshteh Aalamifar
Doppler ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic tool for the quantitative measurement of blood flow. However, given that it provides velocity data that is dependent on the location and angle of measurement, repeat measurements to detect problems over time may require an expert to return to the same location. We therefore developed an image-guidance system based on ultrasound B-mode images that enables an inexperienced user to position the ultrasound probe at the same site repeatedly in order to acquire a comparable time series of Doppler readings...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226620/predicting-local-field-potentials-with-recurrent-neural-networks
#3
Louis Kim, Jacob Harer, Akshay Rangamani, James Moran, Philip D Parks, Alik Widge, Emad Eskandar, Darin Dougherty, Sang Peter Chin, Louis Kim, Jacob Harer, Akshay Rangamani, James Moran, Philip D Parks, Alik Widge, Emad Eskandar, Darin Dougherty, Sang Peter Chin, Sang Peter Chin, Jacob Harer, Emad Eskandar, Darin Dougherty, Louis Kim, Philip D Parks, Akshay Rangamani, James Moran, Alik Widge
We present a Recurrent Neural Network using LSTM (Long Short Term Memory) that is capable of modeling and predicting Local Field Potentials. We train and test the network on real data recorded from epilepsy patients. We construct networks that predict multi-channel LFPs for 1, 10, and 100 milliseconds forward in time. Our results show that prediction using LSTM outperforms regression when predicting 10 and 100 millisecond forward in time.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216654/performance-kinetic-and-biodegradation-pathway-evaluation-of-anaerobic-fixed-film-fixed-bed-reactor-in-removing-phthalic-acid-esters-from-wastewater
#4
Ehsan Ahmadi, Samira Yousefzadeh, Mohsen Ansari, Hamid Reza Ghaffari, Ali Azari, Mohammad Miri, Alireza Mesdaghinia, Ramin Nabizadeh, Babak Kakavandi, Peyman Ahmadi, Mojtaba Yegane Badi, Mitra Gholami, Kiomars Sharafi, Mostafa Karimaei, Mahboobeh Ghoochani, Masoud Binesh Brahmand, Seyed Mohsen Mohseni, Maryam Sarkhosh, Soheila Rezaei, Hosseinali Asgharnia, Emad Dehghanifard, Behdad Jafari, Alireza Mortezapour, Vahid Kazemi Moghaddam, Mohammad Molla Mahmoudi, Nader Taghipour
Emerging and hazardous environmental pollutants like phthalic acid esters (PAEs) are one of the recent concerns worldwide. PAEs are considered to have diverse endocrine disrupting effects on human health. Industrial wastewater has been reported as an important environment with high concentrations of PAEs. In the present study, four short-chain PAEs including diallyl phthalate (DAP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), dimethyl phthalate (DMP), and phthalic acid (PA) were selected as a substrate for anaerobic fixed film fixed bed reactor (AnFFFBR)...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216113/no-more-broken-hearts-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery-returns-patients-postoperative-risk-to-baseline-following-coronary-surgery
#5
Maria Baimas-George, Dietric L Hennings, Zaid Al-Qurayshi, Emad Kandil, Christopher DuCoin
BACKGROUND: The obesity epidemic is associated with a rise in coronary surgeries because obesity is a risk factor for coronary artery disease. Bariatric surgery is linked to improvement in cardiovascular co-morbidities and left ventricular function. No studies have investigated survival advantage in postoperative bariatric patients after coronary surgery. OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is a benefit after coronary surgery in patients who have previously undergone bariatric surgery...
December 19, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214187/microbiological-analysis-antimicrobial-activity-and-heavy-metals-content-of-jordanian-ma-in-hot-springs-water
#6
Muhamad Ali K Shakhatreh, Jacob H Jacob, Emad I Hussein, Majed M Masadeh, Safwan M Obeidat, Abdul-Salam F Juhmani, Mutaz A Abd Al-Razaq
Ma'in hot springs are known as sites of balneotherapy. However, little is known about their microbiology and chemistry. In this study, we aim at evaluating the antimicrobial activity of Ma'in hot-springs water (MHSW), studying its microbiology, and determining its physicochemical properties including the heavy metals content. Therefore, water samples were collected from Ma'in hot springs and tested for antimicrobial activity using agar diffusion method. Water was then cultivated on nutrient agar to isolate and identify the dominant bacteria by chemical and molecular methods...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212214/in-response
#7
David F Vener, Sara K Pasquali, Emad B Mossad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211819/improved-functions-and-reduced-length-of-stay-after-inpatient-rehabilitation-programs-in-older-adults-with-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Saad M Bindawas, Vishal Vennu, Emad Moftah
BACKGROUND: to examine the effects of inpatient rehabilitation programs on function and length of stay in older adults with strokeMETHODS: A total of five electronic databases were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials that examined the effects of inpatient rehabilitation programs on functional recovery, as measured by the functional independence measure and length of stay, which was measured in days. We included full-text articles written in English, and no time limit. The methodological quality and risk of bias were assessed using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database Scale and the Cochrane collaboration tools respectively...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210269/low-prevalence-of-clinically-significant-endoscopic-findings-in-outpatients-with-dyspepsia
#9
Khaled Abdeljawad, Antonios Wehbeh, Emad Qayed
Background. The value of endoscopy in dyspeptic patients is questionable. Aims. To examine the prevalence of significant endoscopic findings (SEFs) and the utility of alarm features and age in predicting SEFs in outpatients with dyspepsia. Methods. A retrospective analysis of outpatient adults who had endoscopy for dyspepsia. Demographic variables, alarm features, and endoscopic findings were recorded. We defined SEFs as peptic ulcer disease, erosive esophagitis, malignancy, stricture, or findings requiring specific therapy...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201810/the-association-between-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-and-incidence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-adults-the-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#10
Golaleh Asghari, Emad Yuzbashian, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196724/persistence-and-adherence-with-mirabegron-versus-antimuscarinic-agents-in-patients-with-overactive-bladder-a-retrospective-observational-study-in-uk-clinical-practice
#11
Christopher R Chapple, Jameel Nazir, Zalmai Hakimi, Sally Bowditch, Francis Fatoye, Florent Guelfucci, Amine Khemiri, Emad Siddiqui, Adrian Wagg
BACKGROUND: Persistence with antimuscarinic therapy in overactive bladder (OAB) is poor, but may be different for mirabegron, a β3-adrenoceptor agonist with a different adverse event profile. OBJECTIVE: To compare persistence and adherence with mirabegron versus tolterodine extended release (ER) and other antimuscarinics in routine clinical practice over a 12-mo period. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective, longitudinal, observational study of anonymised data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink GOLD database...
February 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193857/mass-spectrometry-based-cross-linking-study-shows-that-the-psb28-protein-binds-to-cytochrome-b559-in-photosystem-ii
#12
Daniel A Weisz, Haijun Liu, Hao Zhang, Sundarapandian Thangapandian, Emad Tajkhorshid, Michael L Gross, Himadri B Pakrasi
Photosystem II (PSII), a large pigment protein complex, undergoes rapid turnover under natural conditions. During assembly of PSII, oxidative damage to vulnerable assembly intermediate complexes must be prevented. Psb28, the only cytoplasmic extrinsic protein in PSII, protects the RC47 assembly intermediate of PSII and assists its efficient conversion into functional PSII. Its role is particularly important under stress conditions when PSII damage occurs frequently. Psb28 is not found, however, in any PSII crystal structure, and its structural location has remained unknown...
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187257/optical-fluorescence-detected-from-x-ray-irradiated-liquid-water
#13
Andreas Hans, Christian Ozga, Robert Seidel, Philipp Schmidt, Timo Ueltzhöffer, Xaver Holzapfel, Philip Wenzel, Philipp Reiß, Marvin Nicolas Pohl, Isaak Unger, Emad Flear Aziz, Arno Ehresmann, Petr Slavicek, Bernd Winter, André Knie
The knowledge concerning the structure and dynamcis of liquid water is still poor in many aspects, and high experimental and theoretical effort is expended to elucidate fundamental questions. Here, we report on the observation of optical fluorescence upon soft X-ray irradiation of liquid water. Detection of spectrally resolved fluorescence was achieved by a combination of the liquid microjet technique and fluorescence spectroscopy. We observe a genuine liquid-phase fluorescence manifested by a broad emission band in the 170 to 340 nm (4-7 eV) photon wavelength range...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183853/mark4-inhibits-hippo-signaling-to-promote-proliferation-and-migration-of-breast-cancer-cells
#14
Emad Heidary Arash, Ahmed Shiban, Siyuan Song, Liliana Attisano
The Hippo pathway is a critical regulator of tissue size, and aberrations in pathway regulation lead to cancer. MST1/2 and LATS1/2 kinases comprise the core of the pathway that, in association with adaptor proteins SAV and MOB, functions in a sequential manner to phosphorylate and inhibit the transcription factors YAP and TAZ. Here we identify mammalian MARK family members as activators of YAP/TAZ. We show that depletion of MARK4 in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells results in the loss of nuclear YAP/TAZ and decreases the expression of YAP/TAZ targets...
February 9, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178591/attenuation-of-stress-induced-memory-deficits-by-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-in-rats-role-of-antioxidant-enzymes
#15
Shaista Emad, Sara Qadeer, Sana Sadaf, Zehra Batool, Saida Haider, Tahira Perveen
BACKGROUND: Repeated stress paradigms have been shown to cause devastating alterations on memory functions. Stress is linked with inflammation. Psychological and certain physical stressors could lead to neuroinflammation. Inflammatory process may occur by release of mediators and stimulate the production of prostaglandins through cyclooxygenase (COX). Treatment with COX inhibitors, which restrain prostaglandin production, has enhanced memory in a number of neuroinflammatory states showing a potential function for raised prostaglandins in these memory shortfalls...
November 29, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178004/combined-jessner-solution-and-trichloroacetic-acid-versus-trichloroacetic-acid-alone-in-the-treatment-of-melasma-in-dark-skinned-patients
#16
Azza M Abdel-Meguid, Emad A Taha, Sahar A Ismail
BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common challenging pigmentary skin disorder especially in dark-skinned females urging them to seek medical help. Many modalities of treatment are available, but none is satisfactory. OBJECTIVE: To compare safety and efficacy of combined trichloroacetic acid (TCA) (20%-25%) and Jessner's solution versus TCA (20%-25%) alone in dark patients with melasma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study design was a split face, right-left, assessor-blinded, randomized controlled study...
February 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177994/bilateral-posterior-tibial-nerve-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-rectal-evacuation-disorder-a-preliminary-report
#17
Khaled M Madbouly, Khaled S Abbas, Emad Emanuel
BACKGROUND: Posterior tibial nerve stimulation influences both motor and sensory pathways, as well as the central nervous system. Stimulation of posterior tibial nerve roots (L4 to S3) could improve stool evacuation through S3 and/or S2 stimulation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the efficiency of bilateral posterior tibial nerve stimulation in the treatment of rectal evacuation disorder without anatomic obstruction. DESIGN: This was a prospective case series studying the treatment of patients with obstructed defecation by posterior tibial nerve stimulation...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175472/192%C3%A2-older-patients-have-greater-improvements-in-pain-score-following-microvascular-decompression
#18
Sarah Kb Bick, David Huie, Emad N Eskandar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175448/212%C3%A2-a-distributed-network-for-emotional-and-nonemotional-conflict-processing
#19
Matthew Kamal Mian, Emad N Eskandar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174724/not-all-mice-are-the-same-standardization-of-animal-research-data-presentation
#20
EDITORIAL
M Bishr Omary, David E Cohen, Emad M El-Omar, Rajiv Jalan, Malcolm J Low, Michael H Nathanson, Richard M Peek, Jerrold R Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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