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hip fracture rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539168/effectiveness-of-nutritional-supplementation-on-sarcopenia-and-recovery-in-hip-fracture-patients-a-multi-centre-randomized-trial
#1
Vincenzo Malafarina, Francisco Uriz-Otano, Concetta Malafarina, J Alfredo Martinez, M Angeles Zulet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Functional deterioration and reduced mobility in elderly patients with a hip fracture are associated with a loss of both muscle mass and function (sarcopenia). The aim of this study was to assess whether oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) improves muscle mass and nutritional markers (BMI, proteins) in elderly patients with hip fracture. METHODS: Patients aged 65 years and over with hip fractures admitted to either of two rehabilitation facilities were included...
July 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513119/low-borderline-levels-of-serum-vitamin-b12-may-predict-cognitive-decline-in-elderly-hip-fracture-patients
#2
Eliyahu H Mizrahi, Emilia Lubart, Arthur Leibovitz
BACKGROUND: The progression from cognitive impairment to dementia is a multifactorial process that involves genetic and environmental factors. Vitamin B12 deficiency can be an important factor in the progress from cognitive decline to dementia. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between borderline low level of vitamin B12 (≤ 350 pg/ml) and cognitive decline among a group of elderly hip fracture patients. METHODS: This retrospective chart review study was conducted in a geriatric rehabilitation ward of a university-affiliated referral hospital...
May 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494481/enhanced-hip-fracture-management-use-of-statistical-methods-and-dataset-to-evaluate-a-fractured-neck-of-femur-fast-track-pathway-pilot-study
#3
Nigel Gilchrist, Kristian Dalzell, Scott Pearson, Gary Hooper, Kit Hoeben, Jeremy Hickling, John McKie, Ma Yi, Sandra Chamberlain, Caroline McCullough, Marc Gutenstein
The increasing elderly population and subsequent rise in total hip fracture(s) in this group means more effective management strategies are necessary to improve efficiency. We have changed our patient care strategy from the emergency department (ED), acute orthopaedic wards, operating theatre, post-operation and rehabilitation, and called it Fracture Neck of Femur Fast Track Pathway. All clinical data and actions were captured, integrated and displayed on a weekly basis using 'signalfromnoise' (SFN) software...
May 12, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480669/impact-of-the-holocaust-on-the-rehabilitation-outcome-of-older-patients-sustaining-a-hip-fracture
#4
Eliyahu H Mizrahi, Emilia Lubart, Anthony Heymann, Arthur Leibovitz
BACKGROUND: Holocaust survivors report a much higher prevalence of osteoporosis and fracture in the hip joint compared to those who were not Holocaust survivors. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether being a Holocaust survivor could affect the functional outcome of hip fracture in patients 64 years of age and older undergoing rehabilitation. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study compromising 140 consecutive hip fracture patients was conducted in a geriatric and rehabilitation department of a university-affiliated hospital...
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465223/the-maximum-tolerated-dose-of-walking-for-community-dwelling-people-recovering-from-hip-fracture-a-dose-response-trial
#5
Casey Peiris, Nora Shields, Michael Kingsley, Jack Yeung, Raphael Hau, Nicholas Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To determine how much moderate-intensity physical activity, in the form of walking, could be prescribed for people living in the community after hip fracture in terms of safety, tolerability and feasibility. DESIGN: Phase I dose-response design. SETTING: Participants were recruited from two public community rehabilitation centres in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults (n=21, 16 women, mean age ± SD, 75 ± 9 years) who were cognitively alert, attending community rehabilitation after a hip fracture (mean ± SD days post fracture, 110 ± 47 days), able to walk with or without a gait aid and for whom it was safe to participate in physical activity...
April 29, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461964/arthroscopic-management-of-articular-and-peri-articular-fractures-of-the-upper-limb
#6
REVIEW
Luca Dei Giudici, Andrea Faini, Luca Garro, Agostino Tucciarone, Antonio Gigante
The management of articular fractures is always a matter of concern. Each articular fracture is different from the other, whatever the classification system used and the surgical or non-surgical indications employed by the surgeon. The main goals remain anatomical reduction, stable fixation, loose body removal and minimal invasiveness.Open procedures are a compromise. Unfortunately, it is not always possible to meet every treatment goal perfectly, since associated lesions can pass unnoticed or delay treatment, and even in a 'best-case' scenario there can be complications in the long term...
September 2016: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438453/effect-of-bundled-payments-and-health-care-reform-as-alternative-payment-models-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-clinical-review
#7
REVIEW
Ahmed Siddiqi, Peter B White, Jaydev B Mistry, Chukwuweike U Gwam, James Nace, Michael A Mont, Ronald E Delanois
BACKGROUND: In an effort to control rising healthcare costs, healthcare reforms have developed initiatives to evaluate the efficacy of alternative payment models (APMs) for Medicare reimbursements. The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services Innovation Center (CMMSIC) introduced the voluntary Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) model experiment as a means to curtail Medicare cost by allotting a fixed payment for an episode of care. The purpose of this review is to (1) summarize the preliminary clinical results of the BPCI and (2) discuss how it has led to other healthcare reforms and alternative payment models...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427333/the-experiences-of-physiotherapists-treating-people-with-dementia-who-fracture-their-hip
#8
A J Hall, R Watkins, I A Lang, R Endacott, V A Goodwin
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that people with dementia are approximately three times more likely to fracture their hip than sex and age matched controls. A report by the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy found that this population have poor access to rehabilitation as inpatients and in the community. A recent scoping review found a paucity of research in this area, indeed there has been no qualitative research undertaken with physiotherapists. In order to address this evidence gap, the aim of this current study was to explore the experiences of physiotherapists treating this population...
April 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415885/fatigue-and-pain-limit-independent-mobility-and-physiotherapy-after-hip-fracture-surgery
#9
Kristine H Münter, Christopher G Clemmesen, Nicolai B Foss, Henrik Palm, Morten T Kristensen
PURPOSE: The patient's ability to complete their planned physiotherapy session after hip fracture surgery has been proposed as an independent predictor for achieving basic mobility independency upon hospital discharge. However, knowledge of factors limiting mobility is sparse. We therefore examined patient reported factors limiting ability to complete planned physiotherapy sessions as well as limitations for not achieving independency in basic mobility early after hip fracture surgery...
April 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415881/hip-and-pelvic-fracture-patients-with-fear-of-falling-development-and-description-of-the-step-by-step-treatment-protocol
#10
Karin Kampe, Michaela Kohler, Diana Albrecht, Clemens Becker, Martin Hautzinger, Ulrich Lindemann, Klaus Pfeiffer
OBJECTIVE: Based on a theoretical framework and sound evidence, this article describes a rehabilitation programme for patients with fear of falling after hip and pelvic fracture. RATIONALE: Based on exercise science principles, current knowledge from fall prevention, emotion regulation, and the Health Action Process Approach we developed a theoretical framework, from which the components of the intervention were derived. Description of the intervention: The intervention consists of 6 components: (1) relaxation, (2) meaningful activities and mobility-based goals, (3) falls related cognitions and emotions, coping with high risk tasks and situations, (4) individual exercise programme, (5) planning and implementing exercises and activities, and (6) fall risks and hazards...
May 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409031/patient-perspectives-on-engagement-in-recovery-after-hip-fracture-a-qualitative-study
#11
Joanie Sims-Gould, Sarah Stott-Eveneshen, Lena Fleig, Megan McAllister, Maureen C Ashe
Purpose. To understand older adults' engagement in their recovery experience and rehabilitation after a fall-related hip fracture. Method. 50 community-dwelling older adults recovering from a recent (3-12 months) hip fracture (32 women, 18 men) participated in telephone interviews using a semistructured format at 6 and 12 months after recruitment into the study. Interviews were conducted as part of a mixed-methods study designed to test the effect of a postoperative hip fracture management program (B4 Clinic)...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385169/improved-functional-outcome-after-hip-fracture-is-associated-with-duration-of-rehabilitation-but-not-with-waiting-time-for-rehabilitation
#12
Tonny Jaeger Pedersen, Louise Nicole Bie Bogh, Jens Martin Lauritsen
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between "waiting time to onset of municipal rehabilitation", "length of municipal rehabilitation" and the attained level of function four months after the hip fracture. METHODS: Among a consecutive series of 156 patients, the 116 patients who were recommended a municipal rehabilitation sequence after discharge were included. The expos-ures were waiting time in days and duration in hours of the municipal rehabilitation...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364260/optimising-care-for-patients-with-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-following-hip-fracture
#13
Nigel Gill, Simon Hammond, Jane Cross, Toby Smith, Nigel Lambert, Chris Fox
The global shift in demographics towards aging populations is leading to a commensurate increase in age-related disease and frailty. It is essential to optimise health services to meet current needs and prepare for anticipated future demands. This paper explores issues impacting on people living with cognitive impairment and/or dementia who experience a hip fracture and are cared for in acute settings. This is important given the high mortality and morbidity associated with this population. Given the current insufficiency of clear evidence on optimum rehabilitation of this patient group, this paper explored three key themes namely: recognition of cognitive impairment, response by way of training and education of staff to optimise care for this patient group and review of the importance of outcomes measures...
May 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320331/a-multi-component-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-for-the-treatment-of-fear-of-falling-after-hip-fracture-fit-hip-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Maaike N Scheffers-Barnhoorn, Jolanda C M van Haastregt, Jos M G A Schols, Gertrudis I J M Kempen, Romke van Balen, Jan H M Visschedijk, Wilbert B van den Hout, Eve M Dumas, Wilco P Achterberg, Monica van Eijk
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a common injury in the geriatric population. Despite surgical repair and subsequent rehabilitation programmes, functional recovery is often limited, particularly in individuals with multi-morbidity. This leads to high care dependency and subsequent use of healthcare services. Fear of falling has a negative influence on recovery after hip fracture, due to avoidance of activity and subsequent restriction in mobility. Although fear of falling is highly prevalent after hip fracture, no structured treatment programme is currently available...
March 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316964/the-fixation-method-according-to-the-fracture-type-of-the-greater-trochanter-in-unstable-intertrochanteric-fractures-undergoing-arthroplasty
#15
Doohoon Sun, Byeong-Seop Park, Gun-Il Jang, Bongjoo Lee
PURPOSE: We conducted a study on patients who underwent hip joint arthroplasty because of unstable femur intertrochanteric fractures with greater trochanter bony fragments. After dividing patients into three groups depending on their fracture patterns, we evaluated the clinical and radiological outcomes of different operation methods applied to each of these groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Evan's classification, we defined an unstable intertrochanteric fracture as those characterized as stage 4 or 5...
March 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316963/the-results-of-proximal-femoral-nail-for-intertrochanteric-fracture-in-hemodialysis-patient
#16
Kyung Sub Song, Sang Phil Yoon, Su Keon Lee, Seung Hwan Lee, Bong Seok Yang, Byeong Mun Park, Ick Hwan Yang, Beom Seok Lee, Ji Ung Yeom
PURPOSE: Hip fractures in hemodialysis patients are accompanied by high rates of complications and morbidities. Previous studies have mainly reported on nonunion and avascular necrosis of femoral neck fractures in this patient group. In this study the complication and clinical results of hemodialysis patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated with proximal femoral intramedullary nailing have been investigated through comparison with patients with normal kidney function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-seven patients were included; the hemodialysis group (n=17) and the control group with normal kidney function (n=30)...
March 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316962/wiring-techniques-for-the-fixation-of-trochanteric-fragments-during-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-for-femoral-intertrochanteric-fracture-clinical-study-and-technical-note
#17
Joong-Myung Lee, Yongsuk Cho, Junhyun Kim, Dong-Won Kim
PURPOSE: Femoral intertrochanteric fractures are common in the elderly. Appropriate surgical fixation of trochanteric fracture fragments can restore normal anatomical structure and ambulation, and can aid in the recovery of biomechanical function of the hip. We evaluated clinical outcomes of bipolar hemiarthroplasty using a wiring technique for trochanteric fracture fragment fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From September 2006 to February 2015, a total of 260 cases underwent simultaneous bipolar hemiarthroplasty and wire fixation...
March 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255510/risk-factors-for-urinary-retention-following-surgical-repair-of-hip-fracture-in-female-patients
#18
Ron Cialic, Victor Shvedov, Yaffa Lerman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a common event following surgical procedures. An increase in the number of elderly individuals who undergo hip fracture repair procedures is inevitable due to the aging of population. Postoperative urinary retention is associated with both early (infections, delirium) and late complications (urinary incontinence) of surgery. The objective of the current study is to direct attention to the less studied population of patients admitted to a geriatric rehabilitation ward following hip fracture repair who are at risk of POUR...
March 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252470/asymmetries-identified-in-sit-to-stand-task-explain-physical-function-after-hip-fracture
#19
Robert A Briggs, Jeff R Houck, Micah J Drummond, Julie M Fritz, Paul C LaStayo, Robin L Marcus
BACKGROUND: Several known demographic and functional characteristics combine to predict physical function after hip fracture. Long-term weight-bearing asymmetries, evident during functional movements after hip fracture, contribute to limited mobility and large asymmetries in muscle function are linked to a high rate of injurious falls. Although postfracture mobility is commonly measured as whole body movement, a force-plate imbedded chair can identify individual limb contributions to an important task like moving from a sitting to standing position...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243177/comorbidity-impact-on-social-functioning-after-hip-fracture-the-role-of-rehabilitation
#20
Natasa Radosavljevic, Dejan Nikolic, Milica Lazovic, Marija Hrkovic, Olivera Ilic-Stojanovic
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of rehabilitation treatment on social functioning in elderly patients after hip fracture during a rehabilitation program. METHODS: This study included 203 patients with hip fracture. Four groups were analyzed on rehabilitation: Group 1, at admission, Group 2, at discharge, Group 3, three months after discharge and Group 4, six months after discharge. The analyzed parameters included: musculoskeletal, neurological and cognitive impairments...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
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