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hip fracture rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083352/injuries-of-the-trochanteric-region-can-analysis-of-radiographic-indices-help-in-prediction-of-recurrent-osteoporotic-hip-fractures
#1
Andrea Pellegrini, Fabrizio Tacci, Massimiliano Leigheb, Cosimo Costantino, Alessio Pedrazzini, Giuseppe Pedrazzi, Enrico Vaienti, Francesco Ceccarelli, Francesco Pogliacomi
OBJECTIVE: In a context of bone fragility, primitive and subsequent fractures are a growing problem in the industrialized countries where the mean age of the population is constantly increasing. Among the various factors that favor a fragility fracture, the most important is osteoporosis, a pathology that can be prevented through diagnostic screenings and treated by pharmacological and rehabilitative therapies. The aim of this study is to identify the subjects who are likely to have a higher risk of subsequent fractures of the trochanteric region through a retrospective radiographic evaluation of patients affected by low-energy trochanteric fractures and operated by intramedullary fixation between June 2013 and June 2015, so they can be targeted for prevention interventions...
October 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079365/postoperative-continuous-flow-cryocompression-therapy-in-the-acute-recovery-phase-of-hip-fracture-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Nick C Leegwater, Frank W Bloemers, Niels de Korte, Martin J Heetveld, Kees J Kalisvaart, Casper P Schönhuth, Bas A C M Pijnenburg, Bart J Burger, Kornelis J Ponsen, Andrea B Maier, Barend J van Royen, Peter A Nolte
BACKGROUND: The acute recovery phase after hip fracture surgery is often complicated by severe pain, postoperative blood loss with subsequent transfusion, and delirium. Prevalent comorbidity in hip fracture patients limit the use of opioid-based analgesic therapies, yielding a high risk for inferior pain treatment. Postoperative cryotherapy is suggested to provide an analgesic effect, and to reduce postoperative blood loss. In this prospective, open-label, parallel, multicentre, randomized controlled, clinical trial, we aimed to determine the efficacy of continuous-flow cryocompression therapy (CFCT) in the acute recovery phase after hip fracture surgery...
October 10, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068797/alanine-aminotransferase-blood-levels-and-rehabilitation-outcome-in-older-adults-following-hip-fracture-surgery
#3
Irina Gringauz, Jonathan Weismann, Dan Justo, Abraham Adunsky, Gad Segal
Low alanine aminotransferase (ALT) blood levels are associated with frailty and poor outcome in older adults. Therefore, we studied the association between ALT blood levels before rehabilitation and rehabilitation outcome in older adults following hip fracture surgery. A total of 490 older adults (age>60 years, mean age: 82.9±6.7 years, 82.0% women) admitted to rehabilitation following hip fracture surgery were included. The rehabilitation outcome was assessed by Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043966/hospital-at-home-a-review-of-our-experience
#4
Edmond C Y U, Glyn A Pryor, Martyn J Parker
INTRODUCTION: Hospital at home (HAH) is a service that provides home-based nursing and rehabilitation services whose aim is to prevent admission or to facilitate early discharge from care in an acute hospital. METHODS: We evaluated the effectiveness of early discharge hospital at home (HAH) schemes for hip fracture patients over a 27-year period in a district general hospital in the United Kingdom. A long-term database for audit and research purposes is maintained for all hip fracture patients admitted to Peterborough City Hospital...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041916/early-coordinated-rehabilitation-in-acute-phase-after-hip-fracture-a-model-for-increased-patient-participation
#5
Gillian Asplin, Gunnel Carlsson, Lena Zidén, Gunilla Kjellby-Wendt
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that patients with hip fracture treated in a Comprehensive Geriatric Care (CGC) unit report better results in comparison to orthopaedic care. Furthermore, involving patients in their healthcare by encouraging patient participation can result in better quality of care and improved outcomes. To our knowledge no study has been performed comparing rehabilitation programmes within a CGC unit during the acute phase after hip fracture with focus on improving patients' perceived participation and subsequent effect on patients' function...
October 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037072/high-perceived-caregiver-burden-for-relatives-of-patients-following-hip-fracture-surgery
#6
Patrocinio Ariza-Vega, Mariana Ortiz-Piña, Morten Tange Kristensen, Yolanda Castellote-Caballero, José Juan Jiménez-Moleón
PURPOSE: To determine the profile of the main informal caregivers, the evolution of the caregiver burden, and the influencing factors of caregiver burden at 1-year after hip fracture surgery. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, a total of 172 informal caregivers of patients were interviewed at four points during 1 year following hip fracture surgery in a regional hospital in southern Spain. The perceived caregiver burden was assessed using the Caregiver Strain Index (0-13 points)...
October 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025824/development-of-an-evidence-based-complex-intervention-for-community-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-fracture-using-realist-review-survey-and-focus-groups
#7
Jessica Louise Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Michelle Williams, Claire A Hawkes, Joanna M Charles, Zoe Hoare, Val Morrison, Swapna Alexander, Andrew Lemmey, Catherine Sackley, Phillipa Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Nefyn H Williams
OBJECTIVES: To develop an evidence and theory-based complex intervention for improving outcomes in elderly patients following hip fracture. DESIGN: Complex-intervention development (Medical Research Council (MRC) framework phase I) using realist literature review, surveys and focus groups of patients and rehabilitation teams. SETTING: North Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Surveys of therapy managers (n=13), community and hospital-based physiotherapists (n=129) and occupational therapists (n=68) throughout the UK...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022852/association-between-financial-incentives-for-regional-care-coordination-and-health-care-resource-utilization-among-older-patients-after-femoral-neck-fracture-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study-using-a-claims-database
#8
Takumi Nishi, Toshiki Maeda, Akira Babazono
The incidence rates of hip fracture have been increasing in Japan. Length of stay among hip fracture patients in Japan is much longer than other developed countries, and the Japanese government introduced financial incentives for regionally coordinated femoral neck fracture care to reduce health care resource utilization. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the financial incentives reduce health care resource utilization among patients 75 years or older with femoral neck fracture in Japan. Claims data from the Fukuoka Prefecture Regional Association for Late-Stage Healthcare for Older People were analyzed for the period from April 2010 to March 2016...
October 12, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987469/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-and-its-association-with-activities-of-daily-living-and-dysphagia-in-convalescent-rehabilitation-ward-inpatients
#9
Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Takahiro Bise, Maiko Tanoue
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia following stroke, musculoskeletal disease, or hospital-associated deconditioning in convalescent rehabilitation ward inpatients. The association between the activities of daily living (ADLs), dysphagia, and sarcopenia was also assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in consecutive patients admitted to convalescent rehabilitation wards. Sarcopenia was defined as a loss of skeletal muscle mass and decreased muscle strength...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965297/discharge-destination-following-hip-fracture-comparative-effectiveness-and-cost-analyses
#10
Kristen B Pitzul, Walter P Wodchis, Hans J Kreder, Michael W Carter, Susan B Jaglal
This study determines outcomes and costs of similar hip fracture patients that were discharged from hospital to a rehabilitation facility or to the community within 1 year. Community patients had worse outcomes and lower costs compared to rehabilitation facility patients. This study contributes to understanding hip fracture quality of care. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the impact on mortality and rehospitalization, as well as health system cost, of similar hip fracture patients being discharged to an inpatient rehabilitation facility or directly to the community within 1 year in Ontario, Canada...
September 30, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930758/changes-in-basic-movement-ability-and-activities-of-daily-living-after-hip-fractures-correlation-between-basic-movement-scale-and-motor-functional-independence-measure-scores
#11
Shogo Toyama, Koshiro Sawada, Keiichiro Ueshima, Yasuo Mikami, Isamu Mori, Kiyoshi Takamuku, Tai Takahashi, Toshikazu Kubo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between basic movement ability and activities of daily living (ADL) in elderly patients after hip fracture surgery and predict ADL outcomes from changes in basic movement ability. DESIGN: Fifty-four patients receiving rehabilitation after hip fracture surgery were collected prospectively. Ambulatory ability was evaluated using a Basic Movement Scale (BMS), and ADL was evaluated using the motor subscale of the Functional Independence Measure (motor-FIM)...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906363/predictors-of-noninstitutionalized-survival-1-year-after-hip-fracture-a-prospective-observational-study-to-develop-the-marburg-rehabilitation-tool-for-hip-fractures-marthi
#12
Benjamin Buecking, Daphne Eschbach, Matthias Knobe, Ludwig Oberkircher, Monika Balzer-Geldsetzer, Richard Dodel, Robert Sielski, Bettina Doering, Steffen Ruchholtz, Christopher Bliemel
Hip fractures are frequent fractures in geriatric patients. These fractures have great socioeconomic implications because of the significantly higher risk of mortality and institutionalization. The aim of this study was to develop a prognostic tool to predict survival without institutionalization within 1 year after hip fracture.A total of 402 hip fracture patients aged >60 years (84% community-dwelling) were included in a prospective observational cohort study. Multiple regression analyses determined independent predictors for noninstitutionalized 1-year survival...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866353/frail-questionnaire-screening-tool-and-short-term-outcomes-in-geriatric-fracture-patients
#13
Lauren Jan Gleason, Emily A Benton, M Loreto Alvarez-Nebreda, Michael J Weaver, Mitchel B Harris, Houman Javedan
OBJECTIVES: There are limited screening tools to predict adverse postoperative outcomes for the geriatric surgical fracture population. Frailty is increasingly recognized as a risk assessment to capture complexity. The goal of this study was to use a short screening tool, the FRAIL scale, to categorize the level of frailty of older adults admitted with a fracture to determine the association of each frailty category with postoperative and 30-day outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836493/developing-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-package-following-hip-fracture-and-testing-in-a-randomised-feasibility-study-fracture-in-the-elderly-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-femur
#14
Nefyn H Williams, Jessica L Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Joanna M Charles, Nicola Totton, Michelle Williams, Kevin Mawdesley, Claire A Hawkes, Val Morrison, Andrew Lemmey, Rhiannon T Edwards, Zoe Hoare, Aaron W Pritchard, Robert T Woods, Swapna Alexander, Catherine Sackley, Pip Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone
BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fracture is a major health problem in old age, with annual UK health and social care costs of £2.3B. Rehabilitation has the potential to maximise functional recovery and maintain independent living, but evidence of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To develop an enhanced community-based rehabilitation package following surgical treatment for proximal femoral fracture and to assess acceptability and feasibility for a future definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) and economic evaluation...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835874/testing-the-hip-abductor-muscle-strength-of-older-persons-using-a-handheld-dynamometer
#15
Daniel H Awwad, Jonathan D Buckley, Rebecca L Thomson, Matthew O'Connor, Tania A Carbone, Mellick J Chehade
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability of a clinically applicable method of dynamometry to assess and monitor hip abductor muscle strength in older persons. DESIGN: Bilateral isometric hip abductor muscle strength measured with a handheld dynamometer, patients supine with the contralateral hip positioned directly against a wall for stabilization. Reliability determined by comparing intra-assessor and inter-assessor results and comparison to a criterion standard (stabilized dynamometer with patients in the standing position)...
September 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835870/preoperative-factors-influencing-decision-between-hemiarthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-femoral-neck-fractures-in-indian-patients-retrospective-single-center-study
#16
Prakash Selvam, Sivamurugan Soundarapandian, Ravisubramaniam Soundarapandian, Cheralathan Senguttuvan
INTRODUCTION: The percentage of elderly population is increasing worldwide, with increasing incidence of femoral neck fractures. An increasing trend of arthroplasty for femoral neck fracture is observed. We aim to retrospectively analyze the preoperative factors that seem to influence the decision between hemiarthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty for managment of the same. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients admitted with femoral neck fracture during January 2010 to March 2015 in our institute were included in the study...
September 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835239/prospective-comparison-of-the-anterior-and-lateral-approach-in-hemiarthroplasty-for-hip-fractures-a-study-protocol
#17
Max P L van der Sijp, Inger B Schipper, Stefan B Keizer, Pieta Krijnen, Arthur H P Niggebrugge
BACKGROUND: The Direct Anterior Approach (DAA) is an alternative approach to the currently most used Lateral Approach (LA) for hip replacement in femoral neck fracture patients. Compared to the LA, the DAA minimizes soft tissue damage. Sparing muscle tissue may facilitate early and improved postoperative mobility. It may also be associated with fewer complications, increased quality of life and lower 1-year mortality. The aim of this study is to compare postoperative complications, hip function and patient mobility after hemiarthroplasty via the anterior or lateral approach following a displaced femoral neck fracture...
August 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819590/minimally-invasive-total-hip-replacement-in-an-ipsilateral-post-traumatic-above-knee-amputation-a-case-report
#18
Sanjeev Patnaik, Biswaranjan Nayak, Akshaya Kumar Sahoo, Nabin Kumar Sahu
INTRODUCTION: Total hip replacement (THR) is a highly successful operation in alleviating pain and improving the overall function of the hip, in end-stage arthritis of the hip, in otherwise fit patients. However, THR as a surgical option in post-traumatic hip arthritis with ipsilateral above-knee amputation is rarely reported. CASE REPORT: We are presenting a case report of a 30-year-old male, who had previously underwent an above-knee amputation due to road-traffic accident, presenting 24 h after the injury with segmental fracture femur and popliteal artery laceration, for which the limb could not be salvaged...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816960/successful-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-displaced-femoral-fracture-in-a-patient-with-osteopetrosis-case-report-and-lessons-learned
#19
Jiangfa Huang, Jianke Pan, Mingtao Xu, Shuchai Xu
RATIONALE: Osteopetrosis is a rare disease that predominantly occurs in descendants of inbreeding families. In the case of fractures happen in patients with osteopetrosis, the choice between operative or conservative treatment is still controversial. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a conventional treatment for fractures, and it possesses more applicability than conservative treatment. During this surgical treatment, ensure that bone union in the right way is pivotal to success and simultaneously prevents refracture and displacement after the operation...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815387/image-guided-surgical-robotic-system-for-percutaneous-reduction-of-joint-fractures
#20
Giulio Dagnino, Ioannis Georgilas, Samir Morad, Peter Gibbons, Payam Tarassoli, Roger Atkins, Sanja Dogramadzi
Complex joint fractures often require an open surgical procedure, which is associated with extensive soft tissue damages and longer hospitalization and rehabilitation time. Percutaneous techniques can potentially mitigate these risks but their application to joint fractures is limited by the current sub-optimal 2D intra-operative imaging (fluoroscopy) and by the high forces involved in the fragment manipulation (due to the presence of soft tissue, e.g., muscles) which might result in fracture malreduction. Integration of robotic assistance and 3D image guidance can potentially overcome these issues...
November 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
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