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The Psychiatric Interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345096/psychiatric-sequelae-of-corticosteroid-use-in-hematology-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#1
Dianne Clifton, Margaret Ross, Clare O'Callaghan
Despite widespread steroid usage for treating hematological conditions, minimal attention focuses on associated psychiatric side-effects. In the present study, we examined hematology patients' experiences of high-dose steroid treatment. This was undertaken by the use of a qualitative, descriptive design, which included convenience sampling and the inductive, cyclic, and constant comparative thematic analysis of interview transcripts. Eighteen patients participated, who were diagnosed with lymphoma, myeloma, leukemia, or idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura...
January 18, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344536/a-cry-for-help-and-protest-self-immolation-in-young-kurdish-iraqi-women-a-qualitative-study
#2
Pakestan Mohammad Amin, Jila Mirlashari, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi
Background: Suicide is a major psychiatric emergency that has always been a topic of great interest to researchers. Self-immolation is a heinous suicide method that is common in Eastern societies. The present study was conducted to explore probable issues which might lead to self-immolation in young Kurdish Iraqi women. Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted in Soran, Erbil Governorate in Iraq, and the surrounding villages of Soran District (March 2015 to May 2016)...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343963/physical-factors-that-influence-patients-privacy-perception-toward-a-psychiatric-behavioral-monitoring-system-a-qualitative-study
#3
Nasriah Zakaria, Rusyaizila Ramli
Background: Psychiatric patients have privacy concerns when it comes to technology intervention in the hospital setting. In this paper, we present scenarios for psychiatric behavioral monitoring systems to be placed in psychiatric wards to understand patients' perception regarding privacy. Psychiatric behavioral monitoring refers to systems that are deemed useful in measuring clinical outcomes, but little research has been done on how these systems will impact patients' privacy. Methods: We conducted a case study in one teaching hospital in Malaysia...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343229/the-colombo-twin-and-singleton-follow-up-study-a-population-based-twin-study-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-sri-lanka
#4
Kaushalya Jayaweera, Lisa Aschan, Gayani Pannala, Anushka Adikari, Nicholas Glozier, Khalida Ismail, Carmine M Pariante, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Sisira Siribaddana, Helena M S Zavos, Patricia A Zunszain, Athula Sumathipala, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: The disease burden related to mental disorders and metabolic syndrome is growing in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC). The Colombo Twin and Singleton Study (COTASS) is a population-based sample of twins and singletons in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Here we present prevalence estimates for metabolic syndrome (metS) and mental disorders from a follow-up (COTASS-2) of the original study (COTASS-1), which was a mental health survey. METHODS: In COTASS-2, participants completed structured interviews, anthropometric measures and provided fasting blood and urine samples...
January 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337907/few-sex-differences-in-hospitalized-suicide-attempters-aged-70-and-above
#5
Stefan Wiktorsson, Therese Rydberg Sterner, Madeleine Mellqvist Fässberg, Ingmar Skoog, Anne Ingeborg Berg, Paul Duberstein, Kimberly Van Orden, Margda Waern
Relatively little research attention has been paid to sex issues in late life suicidal behaviour. The aim was to compare clinical characteristics of women and men aged 70+ who were hospitalized after a suicide attempt. We hypothesized higher depression and anxiety scores in women, and we expected to find that men would more often attribute the attempt to health problems and compromised autonomy. Participants (56 women and 47 men, mean age 80) were interviewed by a psychologist. In addition to psychiatric and somatic health assessments, participants responded to an open-ended question concerning attributions of the attempt...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335030/preschool-psychiatric-disorders-homotypic-and-heterotypic-continuity-through-middle-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#6
Megan C Finsaas, Sara J Bufferd, Lea R Dougherty, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Many preschool-age children meet criteria for psychiatric disorders, and rates approach those observed in later childhood and adolescence. However, there is a paucity of longitudinal research examining the outcomes of preschool diagnoses. METHODS: Families with a 3-year-old child (N = 559) were recruited from the community. Primary caregivers were interviewed using the Preschool Age Psychiatric Assessment when children were 3 years old (n = 541), and, along with children, using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime Version when children were 9 and 12 years old...
January 16, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332178/association-of-autism-with-maternal-infections-perinatal-and-other-risk-factors-a-case-control-study
#7
Dikran Richard Guisso, Fadi S Saadeh, Dahlia Saab, Joud El Deek, Sarah Chamseddine, Hadi Abou El Hassan, Ghidaa Majari, Rose-Mary Boustany
This case-control study explores the association between pregnancy/birth complications and other factors with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Lebanese subjects aged 2-18 years. Researchers interviewed 136 ASD cases from the American University of Beirut Medical Center Special Kids Clinic, and 178 controls selected by systematic digit dialing in the Greater-Beirut area. Male gender (Adjusted Odds Ratio [95% CI]: 3.9 [2.2-7.0]); postpartum feeding difficulties (2.5 [1.2-5.4]); maternal infections/complications during pregnancy (2...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331695/depression-and-playfulness-in-fathers-and-young-infants-a-matched-design-comparison-study
#8
Vaheshta Sethna, Lynne Murray, Olivia Edmondson, Jane Iles, Paul G Ramchandani
BACKGROUND: Depression in fathers in the postnatal period is associated with an increased risk of some adverse child developmental outcomes. One possible mechanism for the familial transmission of risk is through the negative effects of depression on parenting and the parent-child relationship. So far, evidence indicates that depressed fathers tend to be more withdrawn in their early interactions. However, the interaction dimensions studied to date may not be able to detect and accurately classify unique features of father-infant play - including physically stimulating and highly rousing episodes of play...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331601/predictors-of-length-of-stay-in-psychiatric-inpatient-units-does-their-effect-vary-across-countries
#9
Giorgia Dimitri, Domenico Giacco, Michael Bauer, Victoria Jane Bird, Lauren Greenberg, Antonio Lasalvia, Vincent Lorant, Jacek Moskalewicz, Pablo Nicaise, Andrea Pfennig, Mirella Ruggeri, Marta Welbel, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in individual countries have identified inconsistent predictors of length of stay (LoS) in psychiatric inpatient units. This may reflect methodological inconsistencies across studies or true differences of predictors. In this study we assessed predictors of LoS in five European countries and explored whether their effect varies across countries. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. All patients admitted over 14 months to 57 psychiatric inpatient units in Belgium, Germany, Italy, Poland and United Kingdom were screened...
December 7, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331595/the-interaction-between-neurocognitive-functioning-subthreshold-psychotic-symptoms-and-pharmacotherapy-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-a-longitudinal-comparative-study
#10
R Weinberger, O Weisman, Y Guri, T Harel, A Weizman, D Gothelf
BACKGROUND: The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is the most common genetic syndrome associated with schizophrenia. The goal of this study was to evaluate longitudinally the interaction between neurocognitive functioning, the presence of subthreshold psychotic symptoms (SPS) and conversion to psychosis in individuals with 22q11DS. In addition, we attempted to identify the specific neurocognitive domains that predict the longitudinal evolution of positive and negative SPS, as well as the effect of psychiatric medications on 22q11DS psychiatric and cognitive developmental trajectories...
December 8, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330995/depression-in-myocardial-infarction-patients-at-ayub-teaching-hospital-abbottabad
#11
Saeed Maqsood, Attiq Ur Rehman Jehangiri, Muhammad Nadeem Khan, Umar Hayat, Seemab Ajmal, Maryam Mushtaq, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Syed Fahad Shah, Hamid Nisar Khan
BACKGROUND: There is a considerably high prevalence of depression in post myocardial infarction (MI) patients. This study was designed with an aim to detect depression in patients with acute MI admitted to the CCU at Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad.. METHODS: This descriptive crosssectional study enrolled 246 male and female patients with acute MI. The patients were interviewed on the 3rd day of admission and their answers were marked according to the HADS-D scale...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330606/the-associations-of-poor-psychiatric-well-being-among-incarcerated-men-with-injecting-drug-use-histories-in-victoria-australia
#12
Reece Cossar, Mark Stoové, Stuart A Kinner, Paul Dietze, Campbell Aitken, Michael Curtis, Amy Kirwan, James R P Ogloff
BACKGROUND: Dual substance dependence and psychiatric and psychological morbidities are overrepresented in prison populations and associated with reoffending. In the context of an increasing prison population in Australia, investigating the needs of vulnerable people in prison with a dual diagnosis can help inform in-prison screening and treatment and improve prison and community service integration and continuation of care. In this study we quantified psychiatric well-being in a sample of people in prison with a history of injecting drug use in Victoria, Australia, and identified factors associated with this outcome...
January 13, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329065/factors-associated-with-depression-among-homeless-mothers-results-of-the-enfams-survey
#13
M Roze, S Vandentorren, J Van-Der-Waerden, M Melchior
PURPOSE: Women are disproportionately likely to suffer from depression. This is especially true for those who experience socioeconomic hardship, such as homelessness. In France, among homeless mothers many are migrant. However, it is not clear whether risk factors associated with depression are specific for this group or the same as in the general population. Our objective was to describe socio-demographic, relational, living and housing conditions and health factors associated with depression among homeless mothers...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327519/psychiatric-co-morbidities-in-women-with-epilepsy
#14
Uma Sundar, Sonal Thakur Honrao, Nilesh Shah
Background: The co-existence of psychiatric co-morbidities with Epilepsy in women is multifactorial and complex, being closely related to hormonal status, medication side effects, and psychosocial factors. Aims: We aimed to study associated Psychiatric co-morbidities in women with Epilepsy (WWE), and correlate the same with seizure subtype and medication , compliance with treatment and seizure control. Material and Methods: This was a prospective, interview based study in OPD over 18 months, evaluating WWE over 13 years of age with at least 1 seizure in the last 1 year...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324773/the-impact-of-a-short-term-cohousing-initiative-among-schizophrenia-patients-high-school-students-and-their-social-context-a-qualitative-case-study
#15
Domingo Palacios-Ceña, Emilio Andrés Martín-Tejedor, Ana Elías-Elispuru, Amaia Garate-Samaniego, Jorge Pérez-Corrales, Elena García-García
BACKGROUND: A number of programs have been developed to promote the contact between adolescents and mentally-ill patients, in order to break the stigma, improve understanding, promote mental health and prevent substance abuse. The aim of this study was to describe the experience of patients with schizophrenia, high school students, and their social context, participating in a short-term cohousing initiative. METHODS: A qualitative case-study approach was implemented...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324086/how-robust-is-the-influence-of-causal-explanation-on-clinical-judgments-assessments-in-structured-clinical-interviews
#16
Mason R Jenkins, Nancy S Kim
When causal life-event explanations for disorder symptoms are available, clinicians tend to explain away those symptoms (Ahn, Novick, & Kim, 2003 ; Meehl, 1973 ), eschewing formal diagnostic guidelines such as the DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). We asked whether this effect is attenuated in the context of a structured diagnostic clinical interview procedure, which deliberately directs evaluators' attention to symptoms alone, or whether it is robust enough to continue to emerge. Across two experiments, lay evaluators given causal life-event explanations for disordered behaviors gave them lower judgments of abnormality and need for treatment compared to evaluators not given such explanations, regardless of whether they used a structured clinical interview...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323412/microsystems-of-recovery-in-homeless-services-the-influence-of%C3%A2-service-provider-values-on-service-users-recovery-experiences
#17
Rachel M Manning, Ronni Michelle Greenwood
There is still much to learn about how aspects of the ecology of homelessness shape homeless adults' recovery experiences. In the present mixed-methods study, the relationship of service providers' work-related values to their service users' recovery experiences in the microsystem of homelessness were examined. Service providers completed semi-structured qualitative interviews about their service users, daily work activities, and work-related goals. At three time points, their service users completed quantitative measures of choice, mastery, and recovery in four life domains: physical health, psychiatric symptoms, substance use, and community integration...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321701/psychotherapy-playing-the-three-monkeys-in-mental-health-service-provision
#18
Çiğdem Dereboy, Hakan Şenel, Cennet Şafak Öztürk, Mehmet Şakiroğlu, Mehmet Eskin
Introduction: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of sociodemographic variables on the knowledge of, demand for, and reception of psychotherapy as a treatment modality among psychiatric outpatients. Methods: Participants of the study were 240 psychiatric outpatients (170 females and 70 males). Data for mental health services were collected from a subgroup of 103 "experienced" patients (42.9%) having had received psychiatric help previously...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320381/a-brief-interview-to-detect-panic-attacks-and-panic-disorder-in-emergency-department-patients-with-cardiopulmonary-complaints
#19
Sharon C Sung, A John Rush, Arul Earnest, Leslie E C Lim, Maeve P P Pek, Joen M F Choi, Magdalene P K Ng, Marcus E H Ong
OBJECTIVES: Patients with panic-related anxiety often initially present to the emergency department (ED) complaining of respiratory or cardiac symptoms, but rates of detection of panic symptoms by ED physicians remain low. This study was undertaken to evaluate the relevance of panic attacks and panic disorder in ED patients who present with cardiopulmonary symptoms and to determine whether a brief symptom-based tool could be constructed to assist in rapid recognition of panic-related anxiety in the ED setting...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317599/dna-methylome-variation-in-a-perinatal-nurse-visitation-program-that-reduces-child-maltreatment-a-27-year-follow-up
#20
Kieran J O'Donnell, Li Chen, Julia L MacIsaac, Lisa M McEwen, Thao Nguyen, Katherine Beckmann, Yuecai Zhu, Lawrence Ming Chen, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, David Goldman, Elena L Grigorenko, James F Leckman, Josie Diorio, Neerja Karnani, David L Olds, Joanna D Holbrook, Michael S Kobor, Michael J Meaney
This study reveals the influence of child maltreatment on DNA methylation across the genome and provides the first evidence that a psychosocial intervention program, the Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), which targets mothers at risk for abusive parenting, associates with variation in the DNA methylome in adult offspring. The 188 participants were born to women randomly assigned to control (n = 99) or nurse-visited intervention groups (n = 89) and provided blood samples and a diagnostic interview at age 27 years...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
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