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The Psychiatric Interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740851/burden-of-misconception-in-sexual-health-care-setting-a-cross-sectional-investigation-among-the-patients-attending-a-psychiatric-sex-clinic-of-bangladesh
#1
S M Yasir Arafat, Srijony Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh is a country in South Asia with about 160 million people and achieved health related Millennium Development Goals (MDG) significantly. But sexual health is still an untapped issue with predominant myths and misconception. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to look into the proportions of patients attending sexual health care services due to misconceptions. METHODS: The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 110 patients attending Psychiatric Sex Clinic (PSC) of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University...
2017: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740824/associations-between-daily-living-skills-cognition-and-real-world-functioning-across-stages-of-schizophrenia-a-study-with-the-schizophrenia-cognition-rating-scale-japanese-version
#2
Yuko Higuchi, Tomiki Sumiyoshi, Tomonori Seo, Motomu Suga, Tsutomu Takahashi, Shimako Nishiyama, Yuko Komori, Kiyoto Kasai, Michio Suzuki
Cognitive function is impaired in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, even in their prodromal stages. Specifically, the assessment of cognitive abilities related to daily-living functioning, or functional capacity, is important to predict long-term outcome. In this study, we sought to determine the validity of the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS) Japanese version, an interview-based measure of cognition relevant to functional capacity (i.e. co-primary measure). For this purpose, we examined the relationship of SCoRS scores with performance on the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) Japanese version, a standard neuropsychological test battery, and the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS), an interview-based social function scale...
March 2017: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738451/psychiatric-comorbidity-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#3
Yuman Kawoos, Zaid A Wani, Showkat A Kadla, Irfan A Shah, Arshad Hussain, M Maqbool Dar, Mushtaq A Margoob, Kouser Sideeq
Background/Aims: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic psycho-physiological disorder. It is considered to be the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder, and about 50.0-90.0% of IBS patients have associated psychiatric comorbidity. We aimed to study psychiatric comorbidities in patients with IBS visiting a tertiary care center. Methods: This was a cross-sectional case-control study conducted over a duration of one and a half years from January 2014 to July 2015...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738259/reasons-associated-with-treatment-non-adherence-in-schizophrenia-in-a-pakistan-cohort
#4
Irshad Ahmad, Muhammad Tahir Khalily, Brian Hallahan
non-adherence in patients with schizophrenia is the most common reason for a relapse of psychosis. In a cohort of participants in Pakistan who suffered a relapse of psychosis, we aimed to identify the principal factors associated with non-adherence, including any culture specific factors that might not be as significant in other jurisdictions. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken at four psychiatric hospitals in the Peshawar region in Pakistan with 55 participants (44 male and 11 female) diagnosed with schizophrenia, who had suffered a relapse of psychosis subsequent to treatment non-adherence...
July 13, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738098/somatization-disorder-and-somatoform-symptoms-in-systematically-studied-survivors-of-10-disasters
#5
Gus Zhang, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: There is little agreement about the association of somatization with exposure to disaster trauma in the existing literature. METHODS: Pre-disaster and post-disaster psychiatric disorders, somatization disorder, and individual somatoform (medically unexplained) symptoms were assessed with structured diagnostic interviews in 811 directly exposed survivors of 10 disasters. RESULTS: Only 1 individual met criteria for post-disaster somatization disorder; there were no incident cases...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738095/a-clinically-useful-screen-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adult-psychiatric-outpatients
#6
Mark Zimmerman, Eugenia Gorlin, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminiski
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a serious illness that is frequently underdiagnosed in adults. The goal of this report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services project was to determine if it was possible to identify 1 or 2 ADHD criteria that could serve as "gate" criteria to screen for the disorder. METHODS: Psychiatric outpatients (N = 1,134) were evaluated using a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV criteria of ADHD...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737415/development-and-usability-testing-of-a-web-based-decision-support-for-users-and-health-professionals-in-psychiatric-services
#7
Katarina Grim, David Rosenberg, Petra Svedberg, Ulla-Karin Schön
OBJECTIVE: Shared decision making (SMD) related to treatment and rehabilitation is considered a central component in recovery-oriented practice. Although decision aids are regarded as an essential component for successfully implementing SDM, these aids are often lacking within psychiatric services. The aim of this study was to use a participatory design to facilitate the development of a user-generated, web-based decision aid for individuals receiving psychiatric services. The results of this effort as well as the lessons learned during the development and usability processes are reported...
July 24, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736503/-do-you-see-what-i-mean-staff-collaboration-in-eating-disorder-units-during-mealtimes
#8
Trine Wiig Hage, Øyvind Rø, Anne Moen
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders are psychiatric illnesses with potentially life-threatening consequences. Inpatient treatment is typically required for the most severely ill patients, who are often emaciated or significantly malnourished. A core therapeutic objective is to normalize eating patterns and facilitate weight gain. These goals guide the efforts of milieu therapeutic staff working with this patient group, who support renourishment through the positive manipulation of a structured environment, as well via relational aspects...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735583/fever-and-infections-during-pregnancy-and-psychosis-like-experiences-in-the-offspring-at-age-11-a-prospective-study-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#9
J W Dreier, G Berg-Beckhoff, A M N Andersen, E Susser, M Nordentoft, K Strandberg-Larsen
BACKGROUND: Maternal exposures to fever and infections in pregnancy have been linked to subsequent psychiatric morbidity in the child. This study examined whether fever and common infections in pregnancy were associated with psychosis-like experiences (PLEs) in the child. METHODS: A longitudinal study of 46 184 children who participated in the 11-year follow-up of the Danish National Birth Cohort was conducted. Pregnant women were enrolled between 1996 and 2002 and information on fever, genitourinary infections, respiratory tract infection, and influenza-like illness during pregnancy was prospectively collected in two interviews during pregnancy...
July 24, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728796/-lifetime-psychiatric-disorders-a-comparision-study-between-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder-type-i-versus-the-offspring-of-community-controls-parents
#10
Juan David Palacio-Ortiz, Cristian Esteban Peña-Quintero, María Alejandra Gómez-Valero, Paula Andrea Bustamante-Gómez, Pilar Helena Arroyave-Sierra, Cristian David Vargas-Upeguí, Carlos López-Jaramillo
INTRODUCTION: Literature reports show that Bipolar Offspring (BO) present with a wide range of psychiatric disorders. Comparison between BO and Control Parent Offspring (CPO) may help to identify which psychopathological findings are specific to this high-risk group. OBJECTIVE: To compare the psychopathological characteristics between a group of BO type-I and a group of CPO, by identifying the presence of psychiatric disorders according the DSM-IV-TR. METHODS: A descriptive-correlational, cross-sectional and comparative study was conducted with 127 offspring of parents with bipolar disorder type-I from the multimodal intervention program (PRISMA) and with 150 CPO between 6 and 30 years of age...
July 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728760/adhd-and-everyday-life-healthcare-as-a-significant-lifeline
#11
Britt Laugesen, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen, Rikke Jørgensen, Erik Elgaard Sørensen, Mette Grønkjær, Philippa Rasmussen
AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore parental experiences of how healthcare practices and healthcare professionals in hospital clinics in Denmark influence everyday life of parents with a child with ADHD. DESIGN AND METHODS: The methodology was focused ethnography. Participant observation and interviews were used as the primary data collection methods. Fifteen families of children with ADHD were included from somatic and psychiatric hospital clinics...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728095/lifetime-use-of-psychiatric-medications-and-cognition-at-43years-of-age-in-schizophrenia-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#12
A P Hulkko, G K Murray, J Moilanen, M Haapea, I Rannikko, P B Jones, J H Barnett, S Huhtaniska, M K Isohanni, H Koponen, E Jääskeläinen, J Miettunen
BACKGROUND: Higher lifetime antipsychotic exposure has been associated with poorer cognition in schizophrenia. The cognitive effects of adjunctive psychiatric medications and lifetime trends of antipsychotic use remain largely unclear. We aimed to study how lifetime and current benzodiazepine and antidepressant medications, lifetime trends of antipsychotic use and antipsychotic polypharmacy are associated with cognitive performance in midlife schizophrenia. METHODS: Sixty participants with DSM-IV schizophrenia from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 were examined at 43years of age with an extensive cognitive test battery...
June 27, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724519/antidepressants-during-pregnancy-and-autism-in-offspring-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Dheeraj Rai, Brian K Lee, Christina Dalman, Craig Newschaffer, Glyn Lewis, Cecilia Magnusson
Objectives To study the association between maternal use of antidepressants during pregnancy and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring.Design Observational prospective cohort study with regression methods, propensity score matching, sibling controls, and negative control comparison.Setting Stockholm County, Sweden.Participants 254 610 individuals aged 4-17, including 5378 with autism, living in Stockholm County in 2001-11 who were born to mothers who did not take antidepressants and did not have any psychiatric disorder, mothers who took antidepressants during pregnancy, or mothers with psychiatric disorders who did not take antidepressants during pregnancy...
July 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714421/the-prevalence-age-of-onset-and-the-correlates-of-dsm-iv-psychiatric-disorders-in-the-tianjin-mental-health-survey-tjmhs
#14
H Yin, G Xu, H Tian, G Yang, K J Wardenaar, R A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: To effectively shape mental healthcare policy in modern-day China, up-to-date epidemiological data on mental disorders is needed. The objective was to estimate the prevalence, age-of-onset (AOO) and sociodemographic correlates of mental disorders in a representative household sample of the general population (age ⩾ 18) in the Tianjin Municipality in China. METHODS: Data came from the Tianjin Mental health Survey (TJMHS), which was conducted between July 2011 and March 2012 using a two-phase design...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713689/relation-of-binge-eating-disorder-with-impulsiveness-in-obese-individuals
#15
Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Ali Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan Bektas, Fatih Celebi
AIM: To investigate the levels of impulsiveness, and the relationship between the binge eating disorder (BED) and the levels of impulsiveness in obese individuals. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-one obese patients who were included in the study and candidate for bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) were clinically interviewed to identify the BED group, and patients were divided into two groups: Those with BED and those without BED. The comorbidity rate of groups was determined by using structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I)...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711797/symptom-severity-and-disability-in-psychiatric-disorders-the-u-s-collaborative-psychiatric-epidemiology-survey
#16
R García-Velázquez, M Jokela, T H Rosenström
BACKGROUND: While most psychiatric diagnoses are based on simple counts of symptoms, some symptoms may be sign of a more severe mental syndrome than others. This calls for validated estimates of the relative severity specific symptoms imply within a disorder. We focused on four diagnostic disorders: Manic Episode (ME), Major Depressive Episode (MDE), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Symptom-specific severity parameters were estimated, and validated by examining their association with levels of self-reported disability in daily activities over and above the number of symptoms...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711763/cult-membership-what-factors-contribute-to-joining-or-leaving
#17
M Rousselet, O Duretete, J B Hardouin, M Grall-Bronnec
We assumed that, as in the case of addiction disorders, former cult members exhibit vulnerability and protective factors for cult commitment and membership. Thus, the aim of our study was to identify vulnerability factors that are involved in the commitment and in the retention in the group, as well as protective factors that are involved in the departure. We interviewed 31 former cult members, using semi-structured interviews to evaluate their clinical profile, characteristics of the cultic group and their experience in the group...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710695/serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-boys-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-treated-with-methylphenidate-an-8-week-observational-pretest-posttest-study
#18
Aynur Pekcanlar Akay, Halil Resmi, Sevay Alsen Güney, Handan Özek Erkuran, Gonca Özyurt, Enis Sargin, Ahmet Topuzoglu, Ali Evren Tufan
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important neurotrophin in the brain that modulates dopaminergic neurons. In this study, we aimed to investigate the changes in serum BDNF levels of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in response to OROS methylphenidate treatment. We also aimed to determine whether there were any pre-post-differences between ADHD subtypes and comorbid psychiatric disorders in serum BDNF levels. Fifty male children with ADHD and 50 male healthy controls within the age range of 6-12 years were recruited to the study...
July 14, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709880/low-intensity-transcranial-electric-stimulation-safety-ethical-legal-regulatory-and-application-guidelines
#19
REVIEW
A Antal, I Alekseichuk, M Bikson, J Brockmöller, A R Brunoni, R Chen, L G Cohen, G Dowthwaite, J Ellrich, A Flöel, F Fregni, M S George, R Hamilton, J Haueisen, C S Herrmann, F C Hummel, J P Lefaucheur, D Liebetanz, C K Loo, C D McCaig, C Miniussi, P C Miranda, V Moliadze, M A Nitsche, R Nowak, F Padberg, A Pascual-Leone, W Poppendieck, A Priori, S Rossi, P M Rossini, J Rothwell, M A Rueger, G Ruffini, K Schellhorn, H R Siebner, Y Ugawa, A Wexler, U Ziemann, M Hallett, W Paulus
Low intensity transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) in humans, encompassing transcranial direct current (tDCS), transcutaneous spinal Direct Current Stimulation (tsDCS), transcranial alternating current (tACS), and transcranial random noise (tRNS) stimulation or their combinations, appears to be safe. No serious adverse events (SAEs) have been reported so far in over 18,000 sessions administered to healthy subjects, neurological and psychiatric patients, as summarized here. Moderate adverse events (AEs), as defined by the necessity to intervene, are rare, and include skin burns with tDCS due to suboptimal electrode-skin contact...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709821/the-mandarin-version-of-the-kiddie-schedule-for-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia-epidemiological-version-for-dsm-5-a-psychometric-study
#20
Yi-Lung Chen, Lih-Jong Shen, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Changes of diagnostic coverage and criteria for psychiatric disorders in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) published in 2013 cause a need for updating the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Epidemiological version (K-SADS-E). This study examined the preliminary psychometric properties, including inter-rater reliability, and convergent and divergent validity of the modified K-SADS-E for DSM-5...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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