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The Psychiatric Interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080106/validity-of-the-brief-symptom-inventory-18-bsi-18-for-identifying-depression-and-anxiety-in-young-adult-cancer-survivors-comparison-with-a-structured-clinical-diagnostic-interview
#1
Christopher J Recklitis, Jaime E Blackmon, Grace Chang
The Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18) is widely used to assess psychological symptoms in cancer survivors, but the validity of conventional BSI-18 cut-off scores in this population has been questioned. This study assessed the accuracy of the BSI-18 for identifying significant anxiety and depression in young adult cancer survivors (YACS), by comparing it with a "gold standard" diagnostic interview measure. Two hundred fifty YACS, age 18-40 completed the BSI-18 and the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; SCID) interview assessing anxiety and depressive disorders...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078092/severe-obesity-emotions-and-eating-habits-a-case-control-study
#2
M Koski, H Naukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has a multifaceted etiology that involves genetic, biological and behavioral factors, body growth, eating habits, energy expenditure and the function of adipose tissue. The present study aimed to expand upon knowledge about the relationships among obesity, emotions and eating habits in severely obese individuals using a case-control method. METHODS: The subject group consisted of 112 individuals (81 females and 31 males) receiving a permanent disability pension primarily for obesity...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072640/impact-of-a-type-d-personality-on-clinical-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-sample-of-turkish-patients-with-a-first-myocardial-infarction
#3
Bilge B Annagür, Kenan Demir, Ahmet Avci, Ömer Faruk Uygur
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that a Type D personality is associated with an increased risk of cardiac mortality. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impact of a Type D personality on clinical and psychometric properties in a sample of Turkish patients with a first myocardial infarction (MI). METHOD: The study included 131 patients who were admitted to the coronary care unit of a hospital. All of the patients underwent a psychiatric assessment within 2 to 6 months after their MI...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072453/post-treatment-low-risk-drinking-as-a-predictor-of-future-drinking-and-problem-outcomes-among-individuals-with-alcohol-use-disorders-a-9-year-follow-up
#4
Andrea H Kline-Simon, Raye Z Litten, Constance M Weisner, Daniel E Falk
BACKGROUND: Treatment for alcohol use disorders has traditionally been abstinence-oriented, but new research and regulatory guidelines suggest that low-risk drinking may also be an acceptable treatment outcome. However, little is known about long-term outcomes for patients who become low-risk drinkers post-treatment. This study explores a post-treatment low-risk drinking outcome as a predictor of future drinking and psychosocial outcomes over 9 years. METHODS: Study participants were adults with alcohol use disorders at treatment entry who received follow-up interviews 6 months post-treatment intake (N=1061) in two large randomized studies conducted at Kaiser Permanente Northern California, a large private, nonprofit, integrated health system...
January 10, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070197/a-survey-on-the-prevalence-of-depression-in-blood-donors-with-hepatitis-c-in-shiraz
#5
Leila Kasraian, Neda Negarestani, Mohammad Hossein Karimi, Sahar Dehbidi
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder associated with hepatitis C. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to survey the prevalence rate of depression in patients with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) before they were aware of their HCV test result. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on all blood donors with confirmed positive HCV test results who donated blood between March 21, 2012 to March 21, 2013 at Fars blood transfusion center in Iran as case group and age- and sex-matched blood donors with negative screening test results as control group...
November 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069664/physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-symptoms-of-major-depression-in-middle-childhood
#6
Tonje Zahl, Silje Steinsbekk, Lars Wichstrøm
OBJECTIVE: The prospective relation between physical activity and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-defined major depression in middle childhood is unknown, as is the stability of depression. We therefore aimed to (1) determine whether there are reciprocal relations between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior, on one hand, and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition defined symptoms of major depressive disorder, on the other and (2) assess the extent of stability in depressive symptoms from age 6 to 10 years...
January 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069623/epidemiological-survey-of-the-feasibility-of-broadband-ultrasound-attenuation-measured-using-calcaneal-quantitative-ultrasound-to-predict-the-incidence-of-falls-in-the-middle-aged-and-elderly
#7
Ling-Chun Ou, Yin-Fan Chang, Chin-Sung Chang, Ching-Ju Chiu, Ting-Hsing Chao, Zih-Jie Sun, Ruey-Mo Lin, Chih-Hsing Wu
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS-C) is a feasible tool for predicting the incidence of falls. DESIGN: Prospective epidemiological cohort study. SETTING: Community-dwelling people sampled in central western Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of community-dwelling people who were ≥40 years old (men: 524; women: 676) in 2009-2010. Follow-up questionnaires were completed by 186 men and 257 women in 2012...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068464/clinical-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder-comorbidity
#8
Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Karen Jansen, Cristian Patrick Zeni, João Quevedo, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
OBJECTIVE: To assess the global functioning and clinical outcomes of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder, children and adolescents with bipolar disorder and substance use disorder (SUD) comorbidity and healthy controls. METHODS: This study had a cross-sectional design. Participants were children and adolescents aged between 6 and 17 years, and data were collected between 2003 and 2015. Psychiatric diagnosis was established according to DSM-IV criteria using the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version or the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067594/nicotine-withdrawal-relapse-of-mental-illness-or-medication-side-effect-implementing-a-monitoring-tool-for-people-with-mental-illness-into-quitline-counseling
#9
Catherine J Segan, Amanda L Baker, Alyna Turner, Jill M Williams
BACKGROUND: Smokers with mental illness and their health care providers are often concerned that smoking cessation will worsen mental health. Smokers with mental illness tend to be more nicotine dependent and experience more severe symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, some of which are difficult to distinguish from psychiatric symptoms. In addition, smoking cessation can increase the blood levels and hence side-effects of some psychotropic medications. Improved monitoring of nicotine withdrawal and medication side-effects may help distinguish temporary withdrawal symptoms from psychiatric symptoms and facilitate targeted treatment to help smokers with mental illness manage the acute phase of nicotine withdrawal...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066007/stigma-and-its-correlates-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-attending-a-general-hospital-psychiatric-unit
#10
Aakanksha Singh, Surendra K Mattoo, Sandeep Grover
BACKGROUND: Very few studies from India have studied stigma experienced by patients with schizophrenia. AIM OF THE STUDY: To study stigma in patients with schizophrenia (in the form of internalized stigma, perceived stigma and social-participation-restriction stigma) and its relationship with specified demographic and clinical variables (demographic variables, clinical profile, level of psychopathology, knowledge about illness, and insight). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Selected by purposive random sampling, 100 patients with schizophrenia in remission were evaluated on internalized stigma of mental illness scale (ISMIS), explanatory model interview catalog stigma scale, participation scale (P-scale), positive and negative syndrome scale for schizophrenia, global assessment of functioning scale, scale to assess unawareness of mental disorder, and knowledge of mental illness scale...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066004/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-among-cancer-patients-hospital-based-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Mohan Roy Gopalan, Vidhukumar Karunakaran, Anil Prabhakaran, Krishnannair Lalithamma Jayakumar
AIM: To study the prevalence of Psychiatric disorders in cancer patients and to find out the factors associated with Psychiatric disorders in Cancer Patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Department of Radiotherapy, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, cross sectional survey design was used. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Adult patients (18 years of age and above), having a diagnosis of carcinoma were selected by consecutive sampling method.A questionnaire which included back ground data, socio economic variables, treatment variables like type of malignancy, exposure to radiation & chemotherapy prior to the evaluation and current treatment, co occurring medical illness & treatment and past & family history of psychiatric illness was used to collect data...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065168/functional-outcomes-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-disorders-current-disorder-most-important-but-psychiatric-history-matters-as-well
#12
J Ormel, A M Oerlemans, D Raven, O M Laceulle, C A Hartman, R Veenstra, F C Verhulst, W Vollebergh, J G M Rosmalen, S A Reijneveld, A J Oldehinkel
BACKGROUND: Various sources indicate that mental disorders are the leading contributor to the burden of disease among youth. An important determinant of functioning is current mental health status. This study investigated whether psychiatric history has additional predictive power when predicting individual differences in functional outcomes. METHOD: We used data from the Dutch TRAILS study in which 1778 youths were followed from pre-adolescence into young adulthood (retention 80%)...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064111/modification-of-the-medical-exclusion-criterion-in-dsm-5-social-anxiety-disorder-comorbid-obesity-as-an-example
#13
Kristy L Dalrymple, Emily Walsh, Lia Rosenstein, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The DSM 5 modified the medical exclusion criterion from DSM-IV, which now allows for a diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (SAD) to be given if the fears are related only to the medical condition (e.g., obesity) yet cause significant impairment or distress. METHODS: To examine this modification, the current study compared bariatric surgery candidates with DSM-IV SAD (n=135), modified SAD (clinically significant social fears related to obesity only; n=40), and no history of Axis I disorders (n=616) on variables related to pre-surgical problematic eating behaviors, body image dissatisfaction, functional impairment, and other characteristics related to bariatric surgery...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063393/association-between-family-history-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-long-term-outcome-in-schizophrenia-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966-study
#14
Juha Käkelä, Riikka Marttila, Emmi Keskinen, Juha Veijola, Matti Isohanni, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Marianne Haapea, Erika Jääskeläinen, Jouko Miettunen
Family history of psychiatric disorders has been associated with impaired outcome in schizophrenia, but very few studies have investigated its long-term social and occupational outcome. We investigated the association of family history of psychiatric disorders, especially psychosis, with long-term social, occupational, clinical and global outcome in schizophrenia. The study sample comprises of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966. Cohort members with psychosis were detected by Finnish national registers. Altogether 69 individuals with schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis participated, mean age 43, after on average 17 years since onset of illness...
December 27, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062923/cardiovascular-disease-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-latinos-in-the-united-states
#15
Leopoldo J Cabassa, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Shuai Wang, Carlos Blanco
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among Latinos and disproportionately impacts people with psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between CVD and psychiatric disorders among different Latino subgroups using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Latinos participants (N = 6359) were drawn from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. A structured diagnostic interview was used to determine psychiatric diagnoses for any past-year mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders...
January 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061793/screening-for-pickiness-a-validation-study
#16
Silje Steinsbekk, Trude Hamre Sveen, Alison Fildes, Clare Llewellyn, Lars Wichstrøm
Picky eating is prevalent in childhood and is associated with negative health outcomes. Therefore early detection of pickiness is pertinent. Because no psychometric measure of picky/fussy eating has been validated, we aimed to examine the screening efficiency of the 6-item 'Food Fussiness' (FF) scale from the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire using structured psychiatric interviews (the Preschool Age Psychiatric Interview), providing meaningful cut-off values based on a large, representative sample of Norwegian 6 year olds (n = 752)...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061411/the-12-month-prevalence-of-depression-and-health-care-utilization-in-the-general-population-of-latvia
#17
Jelena Vrublevska, Marcis Trapencieris, Sigita Snikere, Daiga Grinberga, Biruta Velika, Iveta Pudule, Elmars Rancans
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aims to assess the 12-month prevalence of major and minor depression in the Latvian population, and to evaluate associated health care utilization. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted face-to-face interviews with a multistage stratified probability sample of the Latvian general population, ages 15-64 (n=3003). Participants were interviewed using the depression module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060877/heightened-olfactory-sensitivity-in-young-females-with-recent-onset-anorexia-nervosa-and-recovered-individuals
#18
Mette Bentz, Johanne Guldberg, Signe Vangkilde, Tine Pedersen, Kerstin Jessica Plessen, Jens Richardt Moellegaard Jepsen
INTRODUCTION: Olfaction may be related to food restriction and weight loss. However, reports regarding olfactory function in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: Characterize olfactory sensitivity and identification in female adolescents and young adults with first-episode AN and young females recovered from AN. METHODS: We used the Sniffin' Sticks Odor Threshold Test and Odor Identification Test to assess 43 participants with first-episode AN, 27 recovered participants, and 39 control participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058225/psychological-perspective-of-medication-adherence-in-transplantation
#19
Concetta De Pasquale, Massimiliano Veroux, Michele Fornaro, Nunzia Sinagra, Giusi Basile, Cecilia Gozzo, Roberta Santini, Alessandra Costa, Maria Luisa Pistorio
AIM: To identify the risk factors and the post-transplant psychological symptoms that affect adherence to therapy in a population of kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: The study examined the psychological variables likely responsible for the non-adherent behavior using a psychological-psychiatric assessment, evaluation of the perception of patients' health status, and an interview regarding the anti-rejection drug therapy assumption. The study included 74 kidney transplant recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054432/effect-of-family-sense-of-coherence-on-internalized-stigma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#20
Chiu-Yueh Hsiao, Huei-Lan Lu, Yun-Fang Tsai
Health-related quality of life is an increasingly critical outcome of mental healthcare, yet its disease-independent attributes, particularly family-focused resilient indicators, for individuals with schizophrenia have not been explicitly examined. The aim of this study was to explore the degree of health-related quality of life and to examine the mediating effect of family sense of coherence on internalized stigma and health-related quality of life in individuals with schizophrenia. A cross-sectional and correlational study design was used...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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