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Zhong-Peng Guo, Julien Robin, Sophie Duquesne, Michael Joseph O'Donohue, Alain Marty, Florence Bordes
Background: Both industrial biotechnology and the use of cellulosic biomass as feedstock for the manufacture of various commercial goods are prominent features of the bioeconomy. In previous work, with the aim of developing a consolidated bioprocess for cellulose bioconversion, we conferred cellulolytic activity of Yarrowia lipolytica , one of the most widely studied "nonconventional" oleaginous yeast species. However, further engineering this strain often leads to the loss of previously introduced heterologous genes due to the presence of multiple LoxP sites when using Cre -recombinase to remove previously employed selection markers...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Xue Chi, Jianzheng Li, Xin Wang, Yafei Zhang, Shao-Yuan Leu, Ying Wang
One-pot bioconversion is an economically attractive biorefinery strategy to reduce enzyme consumption. Direct conversion of lignocellulosic biomass for butyric acid production is still challenging because of competition among microorganisms. In a consolidated hydrolysis/fermentation bioprocessing (CBP) the microbial structure may eventually prefer the production of caproic acid rather than butyric acid production. This paper presents a new bioaugmentation approach for high butyric acid production from rice straw...
May 2, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Qiong Wang, Xiaohua Liu, Jinheng Fu, Shuixing Wang, Yuanhong Chen, Kunpeng Chang, Haixing Li
BACKGROUND: Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plays a significant role in the food and drug industries. Our previous study established an efficient fed-batch fermentation process for Lactobacillus brevis NCL912 production of GABA from monosodium L-glutamate; however, monosodium L-glutamate may not be an ideal substrate, as it can result in the rapid increase of pH due to decarboxylation. Thus, in this study, L-glutamic acid was proposed as a substrate. To evaluate its potential, key components of the fermentation medium affecting GABA synthesis were re-screened and re-optimized to enhance GABA production from L...
May 19, 2018: Microbial Cell Factories
Milda Šulcienė, Boris Kolvenbach, Erik Ammann, Inga Matijošytė
The production of biopolyols (sustainable, renewable and biodegradable precursors), is exclusively focused on the conventional chemical synthesis pathways, and currently, no polyols are produced by enzymatic processes at an industrial scale, because they are not competitive when compared to petrochemically based polyols due to the overall cost for their production. This can be mainly attributed to the high costs of commercial enzymes used in this process and their use is limited by their lack of stability during the bioprocess...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Simone Schmitz, Miriam A Rosenbaum
Bioelectrochemical systems (BES) hold great promise for sustainable energy generation via a microbial catalyst from organic matter, e.g., from wastewater. In order to improve current generation in BES, understanding the underlying microbiology of the electrode community is essential. Electron mediator producing microorganism like Pseudomonas aeruginosa play an essential role in efficient electricity generation in BES. These microbes enable even non-electroactive microorganism like Enterobacter aerogenes to contribute to current production...
May 19, 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Bin Xie, Yong-Wen Ma, Jin-Quan Wan, Yan Wang, Zhi-Cheng Yan, Lin Liu, Ze-Yu Guan
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) has been regarded as an efficient process to treat nitrogen-containing wastewater. However, the treatment process is not fully understood in terms of reaction mechanisms, process simulation, and control. In this paper, a multi-objective control strategy mixed soft-sensing model (MCSSM) is developed to systematically design the operating variations for multi-objective control by integrating the developed model, a least square support vector machine optimized with principal component analysis (PCA-LSSVM) and non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II)...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yafang Lu, Qin Zhou, Qianqian Han, Pengfei Wu, Lanlan Zhang, Lin Zhu, David T Weaver, Changzhi Xu, Buchang Zhang
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are promising host engineering cells for industry manufacturing of therapeutic antibodies. However, cell death due to apoptosis remains a huge challenge to augment antibody production, and developing CHO cells with enhanced anti-apoptosis and proliferation ability is fundamental for cell line development and high-yielding bioprocesses. Deubiquitinase cylindromatosis (CYLD) has been proved to be a tumor suppressor by negatively regulating NF-κB and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways...
May 15, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Kristen D Jorgenson, David A Hart, Roman Krawetz, Arindom Sen
The chondrogenic potential of synovial fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (SF-MSCs) supports their use in cartilage regeneration strategies. However, their paucity in synovial fluid necessitates their proliferation in culture to generate clinically relevant quantities. Here it was determined that 125 mL stirred suspension bioreactors utilizing Cytodex-3 microcarrier beads represent a viable platform for the proliferation of these cells. During the inoculation phase, a bead loading of 2 g/L, an inoculation ratio of 4...
2018: Stem Cells International
E Carsanba, S Papanikolaou, H Erten
Recently, there has been a great upsurge of interest in studies related to several aspects of microbial lipid production, which is one of the top topics in relevant research fields due to the high demand of these fatty materials in food, medical, oleochemical and biofuel industries. Lipid accumulation by the so-called "oleaginous microorganisms" can generate more than 20% w/w of oil in dry biomass and is governed by a plethora of parameters, such as medium pH, incubation temperature, nutrient limitation and C/N (carbon/nitrogen) ratio, which drastically affect the lipid production bioprocess...
May 15, 2018: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
Ralf Takors, Michael Kopf, Joerg Mampel, Wilfried Bluemke, Bastian Blombach, Bernhard Eikmanns, Frank R Bengelsdorf, Dirk Weuster-Botz, Peter Dürre
The reduction of CO2 emissions is a global effort which is not only supported by the society and politicians but also by the industry. Chemical producers worldwide follow the strategic goal to reduce CO2 emissions by replacing existing fossil-based production routes with sustainable alternatives. The smart use of CO and CO2 /H2 mixtures even allows to produce important chemical building blocks consuming the said gases as substrates in carboxydotrophic fermentations with acetogenic bacteria. However, existing industrial infrastructure and market demands impose constraints on microbes, bioprocesses and products that require careful consideration to ensure technical and economic success...
May 14, 2018: Microbial Biotechnology
Shraddha Shukla, Kashyap Kumar Dubey
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ) or ubiquinone is found in the biological system which is synthesized by the conjugation of benzoquinone ring with isoprenoid chain of variable length. Coenzyme Q10 supplementation energizes the body and increases body energy production in the form of ATP and helps to treat various human diseases such as cardiomyopathy, muscular dystrophy, periodontal disease, etc. Reports of these potential therapeutic advantages of CoQ10 have resulted in its high market demand, which focus the researchers to work on this molecule and develop better bioprocess methods for commercial level production...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
Chen Wen, Xiaoyi Xu, Yunshuang Fan, Changfa Xiao, Cong Ma
Coagulation-sedimentation combined with sponge iron/ozone (CS-SFe/O3 ) technology was applied to pretreat water-based seed coating wastewater (WSCW) from pesticide manufacturing. Coagulation with polyferric sulfate at a dosage of 1.5 g L-1 and a pH of 8.0 was effective, with color and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal rates of 96.8 and 83.4%, respectively. SFe/O3 treatment further reduced the organic content in the effluents, especially concerning the degradation of aromatic pollutants, as demonstrated via ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis), excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectrometry, and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analyses...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
Günter Oberdörster, Uschi Graham
Inhalation exposure to elongated cleavage fragments occurring at mineral and rock mining and crushing operations raises important questions regarding potential health effects given their resemblance to fibers with known adverse health effects like amphibole asbestos. Thus, a major goal for establishing a toxicity profile for elongate mineral particles (EMPs) is to identify and characterize a suspected hazard and characterize a risk by examining together results of hazard and exposure assessment. This will require not only knowledge about biokinetics of inhaled EMPs but also about underlying mechanisms of effects induced by retained EMPs...
May 8, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Alexander Eck, Matthias Schmidt, Stefanie Hamer, Anna Joelle Ruff, Jan Förster, Ulrich Schwaneberg, Lars M Blank, Wolfgang Wiechert, Marco Oldiges
Background: Expanding the application of technical enzymes, e.g., in industry and agriculture, commands the acceleration and cost-reduction of bioprocess development. Microplates and shake flasks are massively employed during screenings and early phases of bioprocess development, although major drawbacks such as low oxygen transfer rates are well documented. In recent years, miniaturization and parallelization of stirred and shaken bioreactor concepts have led to the development of novel microbioreactor concepts...
2018: Fungal Biology and Biotechnology
Zhongyu Sun, Can Li, Lian Li, Lei Nie, Qin Dong, Danyang Li, Lingling Gao, Hengchang Zang
N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (GlcNAc) is a microbial fermentation product, and NIR spectroscopy is an effective process analytical technology (PAT) tool in detecting the key quality attribute: the GlcNAc content. Meanwhile, the design of NIR spectrometers is under the trend of miniaturization, portability and low-cost nowadays. The aim of this study was to explore a portable micro NIR spectrometer with the fermentation process. First, FT-NIR spectrometer and Micro-NIR 1700 spectrometer were compared with simulated fermentation process solutions...
May 2, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Tianwen Song, Shanshan Li, Wande Ding, Haoshuai Li, Mutai Bao, Yang Li
An investigation was carried out to study the performance of a combined expanded granular sludge bed reactor-aerobic biofilm reactor (EGSB-ABR) biosystem and key microorganisms involved in this bioprocess. When the concentration of hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) was 500 mg/L, the maximum removal rate of HPAM reached 64.36%, among which the contribution of the EGSB reactor was 24.35%. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) analysis showed that macromolecular HPAM was degraded into oligomer with lower molecular weight...
May 1, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Yujia Jiang, Ting Zhang, Jiasheng Lu, Peter Dürre, Wenming Zhang, Weiliang Dong, Jie Zhou, Min Jiang, Fengxue Xin
Biobutanol can be indigenously synthesized by solventogenic Clostridium species; however, these microorganisms possess inferior capability of utilizing abundant and renewable organic wastes, such as starch, lignocellulose, and even syngas. The common strategy to achieve direct butanol production from these organic wastes is through genetic modification of wild-type strains. However, due to the complex of butanol synthetic and hydrolytic enzymes expression systems, the recombinants show unsatisfactory results...
May 7, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Justyna Mozejko-Ciesielska, Tomasz Pokoj, Slawomir Ciesielski
Bacterial response to environmental stimuli is essential for survival. In response to fluctuating environmental conditions, the physiological status of bacteria can change due to the actions of transcriptional regulatory machinery. The synthesis and accumulation of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are one of the survival strategies in harsh environments. In this study, we used transcriptome analysis of Pseudomonas putida KT2440 to gain a genome-wide view of the mechanisms of environmental-friendly biopolymers accumulation under nitrogen-limiting conditions during conversion of metabolically different carbon sources (sodium gluconate and oleic acid)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Xiaoqian Ma, Xiaoxiao Shi, Shuang Bai, Jianjian Zhang, Meili Hou, Tian Zhang, Bao-Sheng Li, Peng Xue, Yuejun Kang, Zhigang Xu
Fluorescent unimolecular micelles (FUMs) with multicolor emission acting as fluorescent nanoagents for optical fluorescence imaging have, for the first time, been reported. The FUMs show good water-solubility, ultra-small size, and enhanced biocompatibility, which endow the FUMs with versatile applications including organelle labeling, multicolor markers and high tumor accumulation, revealing that our design can serve as a rational strategy for the development of UM-based fluorescent nanoagents for bioprocess monitoring...
May 8, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Regiane Alves de Oliveira, Carlos Eduardo Vaz Rossell, Joachim Venus, Sarita Cândida Rabelo, Rubens Maciel Filho
Furfural and HMF are known for a negative impact in different bioprocesses, including lactic acid fermentation. There are already some methods described to remove these inhibitory compounds from the hydrolysates. However, these methods also reduce the yield of sugars from the hydrolysis and increase the process costs. In this work, the detoxification of sugarcane-derived hemicellulosic hydrolysate was performed by Lactobacillus plantarum during the fermentation time. At the end of the fermentation, a decrease of 98 % of furfural and 86 % of HMF and was observed, with a final lactic acid titer of 34...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
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