keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

transfer of training

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149914/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-motivational-interviewing-based-brief-intervention-for-substance-use-as-an-adjunct-to-usual-care-in-community-based-aids-service-organizations-study-protocol-for-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Bryan R Garner, Heather J Gotham, Stephen J Tueller, Elizabeth L Ball, David Kaiser, Patricia Stilen, Kathryn Speck, Denna Vandersloot, Traci R Rieckmann, Michael Chaple, Erika G Martin, Steve Martino
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the first comprehensive National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States was released and included three goals: (1) reducing the number of people who become infected with HIV, (2) increasing access to care and improving health outcomes for people living with HIV, and (3) reducing HIV-related health disparities and health inequities. In 2013, as part of its effort to help address the National HIV/AIDS Strategy, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) funded a type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial titled the Substance Abuse Treatment to HIV Care (SAT2HIV) Project...
November 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149909/testing-the-implementation-and-sustainment-facilitation-isf-strategy-as-an-effective-adjunct-to-the-addiction-technology-transfer-center-attc-strategy-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Bryan R Garner, Mark Zehner, Mathew R Roosa, Steve Martino, Heather J Gotham, Elizabeth L Ball, Patricia Stilen, Kathryn Speck, Denna Vandersloot, Traci R Rieckmann, Michael Chaple, Erika G Martin, David Kaiser, James H Ford
BACKGROUND: Improving the extent to which evidence-based practices (EBPs)-treatments that have been empirically shown to be efficacious or effective-are integrated within routine practice is a well-documented challenge across numerous areas of health. In 2014, the National Institute on Drug Abuse funded a type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial titled the substance abuse treatment to HIV Care (SAT2HIV) Project. Aim 1 of the SAT2HIV Project tests the effectiveness of a motivational interviewing-based brief intervention (MIBI) for substance use as an adjunct to usual care within AIDS service organizations (ASOs) as part of its MIBI Experiment...
November 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147143/analyzing-text-recognition-from-tactually-evoked-eeg
#3
A Khasnobish, S Datta, R Bose, D N Tibarewala, A Konar
Tactual exploration of objects produce specific patterns in the human brain and hence objects can be recognized by analyzing brain signals during tactile exploration. The present work aims at analyzing EEG signals online for recognition of embossed texts by tactual exploration. EEG signals are acquired from the parietal region over the somatosensory cortex of blindfolded healthy subjects while they tactually explored embossed texts, including symbols, numbers, and alphabets. Classifiers based on the principle of supervised learning are trained on the extracted EEG feature space, comprising three features, namely, adaptive autoregressive parameters, Hurst exponents, and power spectral density, to recognize the respective texts...
December 2017: Cognitive Neurodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146664/the-effects-of-practice-based-training-on-graduate-teaching-assistants-classroom-practices
#4
Erin A Becker, Erin J Easlon, Sarah C Potter, Alberto Guzman-Alvarez, Jensen M Spear, Marc T Facciotti, Michele M Igo, Mitchell Singer, Christopher Pagliarulo
Evidence-based teaching is a highly complex skill, requiring repeated cycles of deliberate practice and feedback to master. Despite existing well-characterized frameworks for practice-based training in K-12 teacher education, the major principles of these frameworks have not yet been transferred to instructor development in higher educational contexts, including training of graduate teaching assistants (GTAs). We sought to determine whether a practice-based training program could help GTAs learn and use evidence-based teaching methods in their classrooms...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141030/brain-response-to-luminance-based-and-motion-based-stimulation-using-inter-modulation-frequencies
#5
Xin Zhang, Guanghua Xu, Jun Xie, Xun Zhang
Steady state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based brain computer interface (BCI) has advantages of high information transfer rate (ITR), less electrodes and little training. So it has been widely investigated. However, the available stimulus frequencies are limited by brain responses. Simultaneous modulation of stimulus luminance is a novel method to resolve this problem. In this study, three experiments were devised to gain a deeper understanding of the brain response to the stimulation using inter-modulation frequencies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141008/smartphone-based-quantitative-measurements-on-holographic-sensors
#6
Gita Khalili Moghaddam, Christopher Robin Lowe
The research reported herein integrates a generic holographic sensor platform and a smartphone-based colour quantification algorithm in order to standardise and improve the determination of the concentration of analytes of interest. The utility of this approach has been exemplified by analysing the replay colour of the captured image of a holographic pH sensor in near real-time. Personalised image encryption followed by a wavelet-based image compression method were applied to secure the image transfer across a bandwidth-limited network to the cloud...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139337/do-people-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-benefit-from-making-errors-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-error-based-and-errorless-learning
#7
Tamara Ownsworth, Jennifer Fleming, Robyn Tate, Elizabeth Beadle, Janelle Griffin, Melissa Kendall, Julia Schmidt, Amanda Lane-Brown, Mathilde Chevignard, David H K Shum
BACKGROUND: Errorless learning (ELL) and error-based learning (EBL) are commonly used approaches to rehabilitation for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it is unknown whether making errors is beneficial in the learning process to promote skills generalization after severe TBI. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of ELL and EBL for improving skills generalization, self-awareness, behavioral competency, and psychosocial functioning after severe TBI...
November 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138998/crafting-socialist-embryology-dialectics-aquaculture-and-the-diverging-discipline-in-maoist-china-1950-1965
#8
Lijing Jiang
In the 1950s, embryology in socialist China underwent a series of changes that adjusted the disciplinary apparatus to suit socialism and the national goal of self-reliance. As the Communist state called on scientists to learn from the Soviets, embryologists' comprehensive view on heredity, which did not contradict Trofim Lysenko (1898-1976)'s doctrines, provided a space for them to advance their discipline. Leading scientists, often trained abroad in the tradition of experimental embryology, rode on the tides of Maoist ideology and repositioned their research...
November 7, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136017/practices-in-security-and-confidentiality-of-hiv-aids-patients-information-a-national-survey-among-staff-at-hiv-outpatient-clinics-in-vietnam
#9
Nguyen Khac Hai, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Podjanee Jittamala, Phan Thi Thu Huong, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
INTRODUCTION: Breach of confidentiality or invasion of privacy from the collection and use of medical records, particularly those of patients with HIV/AIDS or other diseases sensitive to stigmatization, should be prevented by all related stakeholders in healthcare settings. The main focus of this study was to assess practices regarding security and confidentiality of HIV-related information among staff at HIV outpatient clinics (HIV-OPCs) in Vietnam. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at all 312 HIV-OPCs across the country using an online survey technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132067/limited-generalization-with-varied-as-compared-to-specific-practice-in-short-term-motor-learning
#10
Chéla R Willey, Zili Liu
The schema theory of learning predicts that varied training in motor learning should give rise to better transfer than specific training. For example, throwing beanbags during practice to targets 5 and 9ft away should better generalize to targets 7 and 11ft away, as compared to only throwing to a target 7ft away. In this study, we tested this prediction in a throwing task, when the pretest, practice, and posttest were all completed within an hour. Participants in the varied group practiced throwing at 5 and 9ft targets, while participants in the specific group practiced throwing at 7ft only...
November 10, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131899/a-comparison-of-laboratory-testing-in-teaching-vs-nonteaching-hospitals-for-2-common-medical-conditions
#11
Victoria Valencia, Vineet M Arora, Sumant R Ranji, Carlos Meza, Christopher Moriates
Importance: Robust laboratory use data are lacking to support the general assumption that teaching hospitals with trainees routinely order more laboratory tests for inpatients than do nonteaching hospitals. Objective: To quantify differences in the use of laboratory tests between teaching and nonteaching hospitals. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study was performed using a statewide database to identify hospitalizations with a primary diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia or cellulitis from January 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015, at teaching and nonteaching hospitals with 100 or more hospitalizations of each condition...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131617/coupling-matched-molecular-pairs-with-machine-learning-for-virtual-compound-optimization
#12
Simone Fulle, Samo Turk, Benjamin Merget, Friedrich Rippmann
Matched molecular pair (MMP) analyses are widely used in compound optimization projects to gain insights into structure-activity relationships (SAR). The analysis is traditionally done via statistical methods but can also be employed together with machine learning (ML) approaches to extrapolate to novel compounds. The here introduced MMP/ML method combines a fragment-based MMP implementation with different machine learning methods to obtain automated SAR decomposition and prediction. To test the prediction capabilities and model transferability, two different compound optimization scenarios were designed: (1) 'new fragments' that occurs when exploring new fragments for a defined compound series, and (2) 'new static core and transformations' that resembles for instance the identification of a new compound series...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128996/e-derma-a-novel-wireless-dermatoscopy-system
#13
Bogdan Dugonik, A Dugonik, D Horvat, B Žalik, D Špelič
Cutaneous Melanoma (CM) is a malignant tumour, and is one of the most rapidly growing cancers. Discovering a melanoma in the early stages of the disease is extremely difficult and, as such, only an invasive disease stage can be identified easily with the naked eye. Dermatoscopy is a diagnostic method intended to maximise early detection of CM performed by the dermatoscopy system. To address the limitations of existing systems a novel, wireless digital dermatoscopy system is presented for providing high-resolution images...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125389/training-for-vigilance-on-the-move-a-video-game-based-paradigm-for-sustained-attention
#14
J L Szalma, T N Daly, G W L Teo, G M Hancock, P A Hancock
The capacity for superior vigilance can be trained by using knowledge of results (KR). Ourpresent experiments demonstrate the efficacy of such training using a first-person perspective movement videogame-based platform in samples ofstudents and Soldiers.Effectiveness was assessedby manipulating KR during a training phase and withdrawing it in a subsequent transfer phase. Relative to a no KR control condition, KR systematically improved performance for both Soldiers and students. These results build upon our previous findings that demonstrated that a video game-based platform can be used to create a movement-centered sustained attention task with important elements of traditional vigilance...
November 10, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122781/simulation-based-inter-professional-education-to-improve-attitudes-towards-collaborative-practice-a-prospective-comparative-pilot-study-in-a-chinese-medical-centre
#15
Ling-Yu Yang, Ying-Ying Yang, Chia-Chang Huang, Jen-Feng Liang, Fa-Yauh Lee, Hao-Min Cheng, Chin-Chou Huang, Shou-Yen Kao
OBJECTIVES: Inter-professional education (IPE) builds inter-professional collaboration (IPC) attitude/skills of health professionals. This interventional IPE programme evaluates whether benchmarking sharing can successfully cultivate seed instructors responsible for improving their team members' IPC attitudes. DESIGN: Prospective, pre-post comparative cross-sectional pilot study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty four physicians, 30 nurses and 24 pharmacists, who volunteered to be trained as seed instructors participated in 3...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122648/early-deterioration-indicator-data-driven-approach-to-detecting-deterioration-in-general-ward
#16
Erina Ghosh, Larry Eshelman, Lin Yang, Eric Carlson, Bill Lord
INTRODUCTION: Early detection of deterioration could facilitate more timely interventions which are instrumental in reducing transfer to higher levels of care such as Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and mortality.(1,2) METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed the Early Deterioration Indicator (EDI) which uses log likelihood risk of vital signs to calculate continuous risk scores. EDI was developed using data from 11864 general ward admissions. To validate EDI, we calculated EDI scores on an additional 2418 general ward stays and compared it to the Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) and National Early Warning Score (NEWS)...
November 6, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120891/clinicians-ability-motivation-and-opportunity-to-acquire-and-transfer-knowledge-an-age-driven-perspective
#17
Silvia Profili, Alessia Sammarra, Roberto Dandi, Daniele Mascia
BACKGROUND: Many countries are seeing a dramatic increase in the average age of their clinicians. The literature often highlights the challenges of high replacement costs and the need for strategies to retain older personnel. Less discussed are the potential pitfalls of knowledge acquisition and transfer that accompany this aging issue. PURPOSE: We propose a conceptual framework for understanding how clinicians' age interact with ability, motivation, and opportunity to predict clinical knowledge transfer and acquisition in health care organizations...
November 8, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120011/four-year-long-term-follow-up-of-diabetes-patients-after-implementation-of-the-chronic-care-model-in-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Corinne Chmiel, Irina Giewer, Anja Frei, Thomas Rosemann
AIMS: Implementing the Chronic Care Model (CCM) via involvement of specially trained practice nurses improves cardiovascular risk profiles and perception of care among type 2 diabetes patients in small primary care practices (PCPs) in the short term. Little is known about the long-term effects of this intervention. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey among the participants of the cluster randomised controlled CARAT trial (30 PCPs, 303 diabetes patients), 3 years after its completion...
November 9, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119635/the-evolving-role-of-the-personal-support-worker-in-home-care-in-ontario-canada
#19
Margaret Saari, Erin Patterson, Shawna Kelly, Ann E Tourangeau
To meet increasing demand for home care, the role of personal support workers (PSWs) is shifting from providing primarily personal and supportive care to include care activities previously provided by regulated health professionals (RHPs). Much of the research examining this shift focuses on specialty programmes, with few studies investigating the daily care being provided by PSWs, frequency of care activities being provided by PSWs, and characteristics of the population receiving more complex tasks. Between January and April 2015, a review of 517 home-care service user charts was undertaken in Ontario, Canada, to: (1) describe the range of tasks being performed by PSWs in home care, (2) identify tasks transferred by RHPs to PSWs, and (3) examine characteristics of service users receiving transferred care...
November 8, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119221/preparing-japanese-surgeons-for-potential-mass-casualty-situations-will-require-innovative-and-systematic-programs
#20
H Uchino, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G V Oosthuizen, W Bekker, G L Laing, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing state of global geo-political instability means that it is prudent to prepare civilian surgeons to manage major military-type trauma. Japan has enjoyed a prolonged period of peace and consequently it is unlikely that surgeons will have been exposed to a sufficient volume of cases. This study reviews the state of trauma training and preparedness in Japan and reviews the trauma workload of a major Japanese emergency medical center and compared with a major South African trauma center with the intention of quantifying and comparing the time needed to gain adequate exposure to major trauma at the two centers...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
keyword
keyword
74801
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"