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transfer of training

Olaf Prieske, Tom Krüger, Markus Aehle, Erik Bauer, Urs Granacher
Power training programs have proved to be effective in improving components of physical fitness such as speed. According to the concept of training specificity, it was postulated that exercises must attempt to closely mimic the demands of the respective activity. When transferring this idea to speed development, the purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of resisted sprint (RST) vs. traditional power training (TPT) on physical fitness in healthy young adults. Thirty-five healthy, physically active adults were randomly assigned to a RST ( n = 10, 23 ± 3 years), a TPT ( n = 9, 23 ± 3 years), or a passive control group ( n = 16, 23 ± 2 years)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Roberto Buzzetti, Valeria Galici, Natalia Cirilli, Fabio Majo, Luigi Graziano, Stefano Costa, Simona Bonacina, Marila Carrubba, Giuseppe Davì, Sabrina Gagliano, Clizia Cazzarolli, Francesca Ficili, Federico Alghisi, Michele Samaja, Giuseppe Magazzù
The aim of this report is to assess whether the research issues priorities are perceived differently according to the Stakeholders (SH)'s individual knowledge of research topics and degree of training in biomedical research. Four groups of SH were enrolled in this study: 1. Skilled SH, specifically trained in biomedicine; 2. Unskilled untrained SH who responded to a written questionnaire in 2015; 3. SH who were trained for one year in a course delivered by professionals; 4. Untrained SH who responded to an online questionnaire in 2017...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
E Hanson, S Ingold, C Haas, J Ballantyne
The recovery of a DNA profile from the perpetrator or victim in criminal investigations can provide valuable 'source level' information for investigators. However, a DNA profile does not reveal the circumstances by which biological material was transferred. Some contextual information can be obtained by a determination of the tissue or fluid source of origin of the biological material as it is potentially indicative of some behavioral activity on behalf of the individual that resulted in its transfer from the body...
March 6, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Qiaozhen Meng, Zhenling Peng, Jianyi Yang
Motivation: Coenzyme A (CoA)-protein binding plays an important role in various cellular functions and metabolic pathways. However, no computational methods can be employed for CoA-binding residues prediction. Results: We developed three methods for the prediction of CoA- and CoA derivatives-binding residues, including an ab-initio method SVMpred, a template-based method TemPred, and a consensus-based method CoABind. In SVMpred, a comprehensive set of features are designed from two complementary sequence profiles and the predicted secondary structure and solvent accessibility...
March 14, 2018: Bioinformatics
Christine A DeForest, Virginia Blackman, John E Alex, Lauren Reeves, Alejandra Mora, Crystal Perez, Joseph Maddry, Domenique Selby, Benjamin Walrath
Introduction: Military prehospital and en route care (ERC) directly impacts patient morbidity and mortality. Provider knowledge and skills are critical variables in the effectiveness of ERC. No Navy doctrine defines provider choice for patient transport or requires standardized provider training. Frequently, Search and Rescue Medical Technicians (SMTs) and Navy Nurses (ERC RNs) are tasked with this mission though physicians have also been used. Navy ERC provider training varies greatly by professional role...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Ulviye Günay, Gülsen Kılınç
BACKGROUND: Nursing education contains both theoretical and practical training processes. Clinical training is the basis of nursing education. The quality of clinical training is closely related to the quality of the clinical learning environment. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the transfer of theoretical knowledge into clinical practice by nursing students and the difficulties they experience during this process. METHODS: A qualitative research design was used in the study...
March 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Janya McCalman, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Brown, Komla Tsey, Adele Clarke
Introduction: Spreading proven or promising Aboriginal health programs and implementing them in new settings can make cost-effective contributions to a range of Aboriginal Australian development, health and wellbeing, and educational outcomes. Studies have theorized the implementation of Aboriginal health programs but have not focused explicitly on the conditions that influenced their spread. This study examined the broader political, institutional, social and economic conditions that influenced negotiations to transfer, implement, adapt, and sustain one Aboriginal empowerment program-the Family Wellbeing (FWB) program-to at least 60 geographical sites across Australia over 24 years...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Shuchao Pang, Mehmet A Orgun, Zhezhou Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The traditional biomedical image retrieval methods as well as content-based image retrieval (CBIR) methods originally designed for non-biomedical images either only consider using pixel and low-level features to describe an image or use deep features to describe images but still leave a lot of room for improving both accuracy and efficiency. In this work, we propose a new approach, which exploits deep learning technology to extract the high-level and compact features from biomedical images...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Worapan Kusakunniran, Qiang Wu, Panrasee Ritthipravat, Jian Zhang
(Background and Objective): The occurrence of hard exudates is one of the early signs of diabetic retinopathy which is one of the leading causes of the blindness. Many patients with diabetic retinopathy lose their vision because of the late detection of the disease. Thus, this paper is to propose a novel method of hard exudates segmentation in retinal images in an automatic way. (Methods): The existing methods are based on either supervised or unsupervised learning techniques. In addition, the learned segmentation models may often cause miss-detection and/or fault-detection of hard exudates, due to the lack of rich characteristics, the intra-variations, and the similarity with other components in the retinal image...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Bernardo Costa-Pinel, Santiago Mestre-Miravet, Francisco Barrio-Torrell, Joan-Josep Cabré-Vila, Xavier Cos-Claramunt, Sofía Aguilar-Sanz, Claustre Solé-Brichs, Conxa Castell-Abat, Victoria Arija-Val, Jaana Lindström
BACKGROUND: The DE-PLAN-CAT project (Diabetes in Europe-Prevention using lifestyle, physical activity and nutritional intervention-Catalonia) has shown that an intensive lifestyle intervention is feasible in the primary care setting and substantially reduces the incidence of diabetes among high-risk Mediterranean participants. The DP-TRANSFERS project (Diabetes Prevention-Transferring findings from European research to society) is a large-scale national programme aimed at implementing this intervention in primary care centres whenever feasible...
2018: PloS One
Nika Abdollahi, Alexandre Albani, Eric Anthony, Agnes Baud, Mélissa Cardon, Robert Clerc, Dariusz Czernecki, Romain Conte, Laurent David, Agathe Delaune, Samia Djerroud, Pauline Fourgoux, Nadège Guiglielmoni, Jeanne Laurentie, Nathalie Lehmann, Camille Lochard, Rémi Montagne, Vasiliki Myrodia, Vaitea Opuu, Elise Parey, Lélia Polit, Sylvain Privé, Chloé Quignot, Maria Ruiz-Cuevas, Mariam Sissoko, Nicolas Sompairac, Audrey Vallerix, Violaine Verrecchia, Marc Delarue, Raphael Guérois, Yann Ponty, Sophie Sacquin-Mora, Alessandra Carbone, Christine Froidevaux, Stéphane Le Crom, Olivier Lespinet, Martin Weigt, Samer Abboud, Juliana Bernardes, Guillaume Bouvier, Chloé Dequeker, Arnaud Ferré, Patrick Fuchs, Gaëlle Lelandais, Pierre Poulain, Hugues Richard, Hugo Schweke, Elodie Laine, Anne Lopes
We present a new educational initiative called Meet-U that aims to train students for collaborative work in computational biology and to bridge the gap between education and research. Meet-U mimics the setup of collaborative research projects and takes advantage of the most popular tools for collaborative work and of cloud computing. Students are grouped in teams of 4-5 people and have to realize a project from A to Z that answers a challenging question in biology. Meet-U promotes "coopetition," as the students collaborate within and across the teams and are also in competition with each other to develop the best final product...
March 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Maria Murcia-Lopez, Anthony Steed
As we explore the use of consumer virtual reality technology for training applications, there is a need to evaluate its validity compared to more traditional training formats. In this paper, we present a study that compares the effectiveness of virtual training and physical training for teaching a bimanual assembly task. In a between-subjects experiment, 60 participants were trained to solve three 3D burr puzzles in one of six conditions comprised of virtual and physical training elements. In the four physical conditions, training was delivered via paper- and video-based instructions, with or without the physical puzzles to practice with...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Christopher McCrum, Pamela Leow, Gaspar Epro, Matthias König, Kenneth Meijer, Kiros Karamanidis
Tendons transfer forces produced by muscle to the skeletal system and can therefore have a large influence on movement effectiveness and safety. Tendons are mechanosensitive, meaning that they adapt their material, morphological and hence their mechanical properties in response to mechanical loading. Therefore, unloading due to immobilization or inactivity could lead to changes in tendon mechanical properties. Additionally, ageing may influence tendon biomechanical properties directly, as a result of biological changes in the tendon, and indirectly, due to reduced muscle strength and physical activity...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Kieran N Kilcawley, Hope Faulkner, Holly J Clarke, Maurice G O'Sullivan, Joseph P Kerry
There has been a surge in interest in relation to differentiating dairy products derived from pasture versus confined systems. The impact of different forage types on the sensory properties of milk and cheese is complex due to the wide range of on farm and production factors that are potentially involved. The main effect of pasture diet on the sensory properties of bovine milk and cheese is increased yellow intensity correlated to β-carotene content, which is a possible biomarker for pasture derived dairy products...
March 13, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Aicha Bentaieb, Ghassan Hamarneh
It is generally recognized that color information is central to the automatic and visual analysis of histopathology tissue slides. In practice, pathologists rely on color, which reflects the presence of specific tissue components, to establish a diagnosis. Similarly, automatic histopathology image analysis algorithms rely on color or intensity measures to extract tissue features. With the increasing access to digitized histopathology images, color variation and its implications have become a critical issue...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Sarah E Snider, Harshawardhan U Deshpande, Jonathan M Lisinski, Mikhail N Koffarnus, Stephen M LaConte, Warren K Bickel
BACKGROUND: Episodic thinking, whether past or future, uses similar neural machinery, and individuals with alcohol dependence have clear challenges with both. Moreover, alcohol-dependent individuals' narrowed temporal window likely gives rise to greater valuation of immediate rewards. We aimed to strengthen working memory (WM) in alcohol-dependent individuals and measure performance on near-transfer (novel WM) and far-transfer delay discounting (DD) tasks, including episodic future thinking (EFT) performance...
February 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Mohammad Muneeb Sultan, Hannah K Wayment-Steele, Vijay S Pande
Variational auto-encoder frameworks have demonstrated success in reducing complex nonlinear dynamics in molecular simulation to a single non-linear embedding. In this work, we illustrate how this non-linear latent embedding can be used as a collective variable for enhanced sampling, and present a simple modification that allows us to rapidly perform sampling in multiple related systems. We first demonstrate our method is able to describe the effects of force field changes in capped alanine dipeptide after learning a model using AMBER99...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Clara Casco, Michele Barollo, Giulio Contemori, Luca Battaglini
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the introduction of visual rehabilitation for patients with homonymous visual field defects has been met with both enthusiasm and caution. Despite the evidence that restitutive training results in expansion of the visual field, several concerns have been raised. OBJECTIVE: We tested the effectiveness of a new rehabilitative protocol called "Neuro Restoration Training" (NRT) in reducing visual field defects and in restituting visual functions in the restored hemianopic area...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Obieze Chiemeka Nwanna-Nzewunwa, Marquise Kouo Ngamby, Elinor Shetter, Georges Alain Etoundi Mballa, Isabelle Feldhaus, Martin Ekeke Monono, Adnan A Hyder, Rochelle Dicker, Kent A Stevens, Catherine Juillard
INTRODUCTION: About 54% of deaths in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are attributable to lack of prehospital care. The single largest contributor to the disability-adjusted life years due to poor prehospital care is injury. Despite having disproportionately high injury burdens, most LMIC trauma systems have little prehospital organization. An understanding of existing prehospital care patterns in LMICs is warranted as a precursor to strengthening prehospital systems. METHODS: In this retrospective pilot study, we collected demographic and injury characteristics, therapeutic itinerary, and transport data of patients that were captured by the trauma registry at the Central Hospital of Yaoundé (CHY) from April 15, 2009 to October 15, 2009...
March 10, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Muhammad Irfan Farooque
Training in Emergency medicine for nearly 5 years, I thought the finish line was getting near and becoming a consultant was just down the corner. I was enjoying work, getting better every day and well appreciated by peers. But little did I know that life had other plans. I ended up in an emergency department presenting with status epilepticus preceded by vague ongoing symptoms lasting for 2 months. I was intubated and transferred to Intensive care and did not receive a formal diagnosis which still remains a mystery...
March 10, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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