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sleep psychomotor vigilance task workload

Namni Goel, Takashi Abe, Marcia E Braun, David F Dinges
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Determine the effects of high versus moderate workload on sleep physiology and neurobehavioral measures, during sleep restriction (SR) and no sleep restriction (NSR) conditions. DESIGN: Ten-night experiment involving cognitive workload and SR manipulations. SETTING: Controlled laboratory environment. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-three healthy adults (mean ± standard deviation: 33.2 ± 8.7 y; 29 females), age 22-50 y...
November 1, 2014: Sleep
Philippa H Gander, Hannah M Mulrine, Margo J van den Berg, A Alexander T Smith, T Leigh Signal, Lora J Wu, Gregory Belenky
INTRODUCTION: Flight timing is expected to influence pilot fatigue because it determines the part of the circadian body clock cycle that is traversed during a flight. However the effects of flight timing are not well-characterized because field studies typically focus on specific flights with a limited range of departure times and have small sample sizes. The present project combined data from four studies, including 13 long-range and ultra-long range out-and-back trips across a range of departure and arrival times (237 pilots in 4-person crews, 730 flight segments, 1-3 d layovers)...
August 2014: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Jennifer McDonald, Darryl Potyk, David Fischer, Brett Parmenter, Teresa Lillis, Lindsey Tompkins, Angela Bowen, Devon Grant, Amanda Lamp, Gregory Belenky
BACKGROUND: Physicians in training experience fatigue from sleep loss, high workload, and working at an adverse phase of the circadian rhythm, which collectively degrades task performance and the ability to learn and remember. To minimize fatigue and sustain performance, learning, and memory, humans generally need 7 to 8 hours of sleep in every 24-hour period. METHODS: In a naturalistic, within-subjects design, we studied 17 first- and second-year internal medicine residents working in a tertiary care medical center, rotating between day shift and night float every 4 weeks...
December 2013: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Philippa Gander, Margo van den Berg, Hannah Mulrine, Leigh Signal, Jim Mangie
This study tracked circadian adaptation among airline pilots before, during, and after trips where they flew from Seattle (SEA) or Los Angeles (LAX) to Asia (7--9 time zones westward), spent 7--12 d in Asia, and then flew back to the USA. In Asia, pilots' exposures to local time cues and sleep opportunities were constrained by duty (short-haul flights crossing ≤ 1 time zone/24 h). Fourteen captains and 16 first officers participated (median age = 56 versus 48 yrs, p.U) < 0.001). Their sleep was monitored (actigraphy, duty/sleep diaries) from 3 d pre-trip to 5 d post-trip...
October 2013: Chronobiology International
John A Groeger, June C Y Lo, Christopher G Burns, Derk-Jan Dijk
The effects of executive load on working memory performance during sleep inertia after morning or afternoon naps were assessed using a mixed design with nap/wake as a between-subjects factor and morning/afternoon condition as a within-subject factor. Thirty-two healthy adults (mean 22.5 ± 3.0 years) attended two laboratory sessions after a night of restricted sleep (6 hrs), and at first visit, were randomly assigned to the Nap or Wake group. Working memory (n-back) and subjective workload were assessed approximately 5 and 25 minutes after 90-minute morning and afternoon nap opportunities and at the corresponding times in the Wake condition...
April 2011: Behavioral Neuroscience
Anu Holm, Kristian Lukander, Jussi Korpela, Mikael Sallinen, Kiti M I Müller
Modern work requires cognitively demanding multitasking and the need for sustained vigilance, which may result in work-related stress and may increase the possibility of human error. Objective methods for estimating cognitive overload and mental fatigue of the brain on-line, during work performance, are needed. We present a two-channel electroencephalography (EEG)-based index, theta Fz/alpha Pz ratio, potentially implementable into a compact wearable device. The index reacts to both acute external and cumulative internal load...
July 14, 2009: TheScientificWorldJournal
Philippa Gander, Michelle Millar, Craig Webster, Alan Merry
Fatigue risk associated with work schedules of hospital doctors is coming under increasing scrutiny, with much of the research and regulatory focus on trainees. However, provision of 24 h services involves both trainees and specialists, who have different but interdependent work patterns. This study examined work patterns, sleep (actigraphy, diaries) and performance (psychomotor vigilance task pre- and post-duty) of 28 anaesthesia trainees and 20 specialists across a two-week work cycle in two urban public hospitals...
November 2008: Chronobiology International
J S Samkoff, C H Jacques
Possible effects of sleep deprivation and fatigue on the performance and well-being of residents have received little scientific examination until recently. This article is a review of the studies on this topic published since 1970. All those studies that dealt with residents' moods and attitudes demonstrated deleterious effects of sleep deprivation and fatigue. The implications of this finding for patient care deserve exploration. Residents' acuity on performance tests requiring prolonged vigilance tended to deteriorate with acute sleep loss, while their performances on most brief psychomotor tests measuring manual dexterity, reaction times, and short-term recall were not adversely affected...
November 1991: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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