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Histrionic personality disorder children

Joseph E Beeney, Aidan G C Wright, Stephanie D Stepp, Michael N Hallquist, Sophie A Lazarus, Julie R S Beeney, Lori N Scott, Paul A Pilkonis
Though researchers have attended to disorganized attachment in infants and children, they have infrequently focused on the character of disorganized attachment in adults. In this study, we aimed to identify clusters of participants based on attachment levels and styles, seeking to better delineate severity and stylistic differences in disorganized attachment than has been previously articulated. We used a new assessment approach focused on a hierarchy of attachment organization, including secure, insecure (dismissive and preoccupied), rigid-controlling (hostile control and compulsive caregiving), and disorganized (contradictory, impoverished, and unresolved) levels of attachment...
July 2017: Personality Disorders
Hossein Dadashzadeh, Shahrokh Amiri, Ahmad Atapour, Salman Abdi, Mahan Asadian
OBJECTIVES: The present study was carried out aiming to identify the personality profile of parents of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This study is of a descriptive, analytic, cross-sectional type in which parents of 6-12-year-old children with ADHD who were referred to the Bozorgmehr Psychiatric Clinic, affiliated with Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, were enrolled. ADHD was diagnosed according to the criteria of DSM-IV-TR and a quasi-structured diagnostic interview (K-SADS-PL)...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
Rick Howard, Klaus Schellhorn, John Lumsden
Impulsiveness in personality disordered forensic patients is associated with poor treatment completion and high risk of re-offending. A biofeedback training protocol, previously found to reduce impulsiveness and improve attention in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, was used in an initial attempt to reduce impulsiveness in a severely personality disordered man with borderline, antisocial and histrionic features. Electrocortical, behavioural and self-report measures of impulsiveness were taken before and immediately following 6 weeks of biofeedback training and at 3 months follow-up...
May 2013: Personality and Mental Health
Yuping Wang, Xiongzhao Zhu, Lin Cai, Qin Wang, Mengcheng Wang, Jinyao Yi, Shuqiao Yao
BACKGROUND: Personality disorders (PDs) during adolescence may, in addition to increasing risk for violent behaviors and suicide, also increase risk for elevated PD traits in adulthood. The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of Cluster A and Cluster B PD traits and their relationships to demographic variables in Chinese high school students. METHODS: A cohort of 3,552 students from eight high schools completed the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+ (PDQ-4+) and MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status-youth version (SSSy) questionnaires...
2013: BMC Psychiatry
G Kolaitis
Studies in child and adolescent psychiatry show that both internalizing and externalizing problems tend to persist in adulthood, e.g. it has been found that almost 40% of the adolescents who were classified as deviant initially were still deviant 4 years later. In a more recent study, over a large period of 24 years, continuity of psychopathology was found from childhood into adulthood; anxious/ depressed and other problems in childhood were core predictors for adult psychopathology. Other studies also show that there is substantial continuity, morbidity, and potential mortality from suicide into adulthood in patients with adolescent-onset major depressive disorder...
June 2012: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Soon Jeong Lee, Jung-Hwa Kwon, Yu Jin Lee
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the personality characteristics of mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). METHODS: Fifty mothers (average age of 38.1+/-4.2 years) of children with ADHD not having comorbidity (37 boys, 13 girls; average age of 8.5+/-1.9 years) and 59 mothers (average age of 38.1+/-2.7 years) of comparison children (37 boys, 13 girls; average age of 8...
December 2008: Psychiatry Investigation
Michael G Vaughn, Qiang Fu, Matt DeLisi, Kevin M Beaver, Brian E Perron, Katie Terrell, Matthew O Howard
OBJECTIVE: To examine the sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychiatric correlates of cruelty to animals in the US. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were derived from a nationally representative sample of adults residing in the US Structured psychiatric interviews (N=43,093) were completed by trained lay interviewers between 2001 and 2002. Personality, substance use, mood, and anxiety disorders and cruelty to animals were assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule (DSM-IV) version...
October 2009: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Min Yang, Simone Ullrich, Amanda Roberts, Jeremy Coid
Long-term institutional care in childhood is linked with behavioral and emotional problems and can negatively affect personality development. This study tested the hypotheses that institutional care constitutes a risk factor for adult personality psychopathology and that conduct disorder acts as a mediator to the institutional care effects, based on 544 community individuals and 470 prisoners aged 18-64 years. Childhood institutional care was associated with elevated dependent, histrionic, and narcissistic traits in the community sample and with schizoid traits in prisoners...
January 2007: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Jeffrey G Johnson, Patricia Cohen, Stephanie Kasen, Judith S Brook
Data from the Children in the Community Study, a prospective longitudinal investigation, were used to investigate the association of personality disorder (PD) traits, evident by early adulthood, with risk for the development of unipolar depressive disorders by middle adulthood. Antisocial, borderline, dependent, depressive, histrionic, and schizotypal PD traits, identified between ages 14 and 22, were significantly associated with risk for dysthymic disorder (DD) or major depressive disorder (MDD) by a mean age of 33 after a history of unipolar depression and other psychiatric disorder was controlled statistically...
September 15, 2005: Psychiatry Research
Jeffrey G Johnson, Patricia Cohen, Stephanie Kasen, Judith S Brook
Data from the Children in the Community Study, a prospective longitudinal investigation, were used to investigate the association of personality disorder (PD) traits, evident by early adulthood, with risk for development of anxiety disorders by middle adulthood. Individuals without a history of anxiety disorders who met diagnostic criteria for >or=1 PD by early adulthood were at markedly elevated risk for agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder by middle adulthood...
2006: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Roger C Burket, Muhammad W Sajid, Marta Wasiak, Wade C Myers
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a common disorder in adolescents, is associated with extensive comorbid Axis I psychopathology. However, few studies have addressed Axis I comorbidity in girls with ADHD, and even fewer have examined comorbid personality disorders in this population. This pilot study explored personality patterns in psychiatrically hospitalized adolescent females with ADHD. METHODS: Thirty-seven adolescent females were assessed for ADHD using the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents and assigned to groups based on the presence or absence of ADHD...
March 2005: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Izabela Lucka, Aleksandra Cebella
AIM: The evaluation of forming personality in 30 children (27 girls and 3 boys) suffering from anorexia nervosa (average age--13.5). METHOD: Anamnesis from patients and their parents, clinical observation, psychiatric investigation, psychological investigation with use of following methods: The Thematic Apperception Test, Colorful Pyramids Test, The House-The Tree-The Man Test. RESULTS: After the conducted investigation and observation, the characteristics of the forming incorrect personality were observed in 80% of examined children...
November 2004: Psychiatria Polska
K Karfo, M H Thiam, J G Ouango, B Seck, F R Tall
In this case report, the authors studied the difficulties to set up the diagnosis of hysteria in the Briquet's Syndrome. The description presented here is about an eleven years old girl patient without any particular family background and who, after her tonsils have been out against her will, presented a hysteria in the form of Briquet's Syndrome. All the explorations showed no abnormalities. It is the questioning, and the analysis of facts from informations by the patient and her family which allowed to conclude the diagnosis of hysteria...
2001: Dakar Médical
S Renou, T Hergueta, M Flament, M-C Mouren-Simeoni, Y Lecrubier
Structured diagnostic interviews, which evolved along the development of classification's systems, are now widely used in adult psychiatry, in the fields of clinical trials, epidemiological studies, academic research as well as, more recently, clinical practice. These instruments improved the reliability of the data collection and interrater reliability allowing greater homogenisation of the subjects taking part in clinical research, essential factor to ensure the reproducibility of the results. The diagnostic instruments, conversely to the clinical traditional diagnostic processes allow a systematic and exhaustive exploration of disorders, diagnostic criteria but also severity levels, and duration...
March 2004: L'Encéphale
Mariellen Fischer, Russell A Barkley, Lori Smallish, Kenneth Fletcher
We report on the psychiatric disorders present at young adult follow-up (Mean age 20-21 years; 13+ year follow-up) and the comorbidity among them for a large sample of hyperactive (H; N = 147) and community control (CC; N = 71) children. The H group had a significantly higher risk for any nondrug psychiatric disorders than the CC group (59% vs. 36%). More of the H group met criteria for ADHD (5%); major depressive disorder (26%); and histrionic (12%), antisocial (21%), passive-aggressive (18%), and borderline personality disorders (14%) at follow-up than the CC group...
October 2002: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
J Modestin, B Matutat, O Würmle
Both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) were explored as possible antecedents of opioid dependence and personality disorder. One hundred adult opioid-dependent, treatment-seeking male inpatients were explored; an extended clinical semistructured interview to collect sociodemographic, drug use related, and clinical data and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV personality disorders SCID-II were carried out. Four groups of patients, namely ADHD alone (4 patients), ADHD + CD (7 patients), CD alone (47 patients) and no ADHD/no CD (42 patients) were identified and compared with each other...
2001: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
U Trangkasombat, U Su-Umpan, V Churujiporn, O Nukhew, V Haruhanpong
In September 1993, at a school in the south of Thailand, an outbreak of spirit possession suddenly afflicted 32 girls aged 9-14 years. A case-control study was done to investigate factors that predispose a child to spirit possession. Psychiatric evaluation was done on 32 cases and 34 matched controls. Parents were interviewed regarding the child's psychosocial history. Results of the study were as follows. Children with spirit possession were first-born and came from small families with 1-3 children. Compared with the controls their family life was characterized by more psychosocial stressors and there were significantly higher rates of psychiatric disorders, anxious and fearful character traits, histrionic character traits and history of recurrent trance states...
July 1998: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
W A Gallant, K M Gorey, M D Gallant, J L Perry, P K Ryan
This retrospective cross-sectional study explored the associations of personality characteristics with parenting problems among 25 couples, one or both members of which were identified as alcoholics by virtue of their voluntary past completion of a residential program for alcoholics. Most of them (90%) scored lower, indicating their more problematic parental attitudes and behaviors, on all four scales of the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI: inappropriate parental expectations of children, lack empathy for children's needs, value physical punishment, and parent-child role reversal) than average "normal" nonalcoholic, nonabusive adults...
February 1998: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
W C Myers, R C Burket, T A Otto
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between DSM-III-R Axis I and II psychiatric diagnoses in hospitalized adolescents with and without conduct disorder. The spectrum of psychopathology associated with conduct disorder, especially personality disorder symptoms and diagnoses, remains largely unexplored. METHOD: Twenty-five inpatients were evaluated using the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents, Adolescent Version (DICA-R-A); the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children, Epidemiologic Version (K-SADS-E) (panic disorder and agoraphobia only); and the Structured Interview for DSM-III-R Personality Disorders (SIDP-R)...
January 1993: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
P H Thomsen, H U Mikkelsen
Forty-seven people with admissions in childhood for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and 49 child psychiatric controls were followed up in young adulthood and assessed for DSM-III-R personality disorders with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Personality Disorders. The number of personality disorders in OCD patients did not differ significantly from the number in controls. The most common personality disorder was avoidant personality disorder (significantly more frequent than in controls), whereas obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) was not found more often in the OCD group...
June 1993: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
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