keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ESBL UTI

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096977/high-rates-of-multidrug-resistance-among-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-in-children-and-analyses-of-esbl-producers-from-nepal
#1
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Pooja Maharjan, Hridaya Parajuli, Govardhan Joshi, Deliya Paudel, Sujan Sayami, Puspa Raj Khanal
BACKGROUND: Emergence of Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections (UTI) among pediatric patients is an increasing problem worldwide. However, very little is known about pediatric urinary tract infections and antimicrobial resistance trend from Nepal. This study was conducted to assess the current antibiotic resistance rate and ESBL production among uropathogenic Escherichia coli in pediatric patients of a tertiary care teaching hospital of Nepal...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054236/antibiotic-resistance-patterns-of-escherichia-coli-urinary-isolates-and-comparison-with-antibiotic-consumption-data-over-10%C3%A2-years-2005-2014
#2
P J Stapleton, D J Lundon, R McWade, N Scanlon, M M Hannan, F O'Kelly, M Lynch
INTRODUCTION: Escherichia coli is a common cause of urinary tract infections (UTI). Reviews of antibiotic resistance of this organism can inform choice of empiric treatment of UTI and other infections and strategies for combating antimicrobial resistance. We reviewed laboratory and hospital pharmacy records to assess trends in non-susceptibility rates and the effect of antimicrobial stewardship interventions. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of isolates of E...
January 4, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051952/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-gram-negative-eskape-pathogens-isolated-from-hospitalized-patients-with-intra-abdominal-and-urinary-tract-infections-in-asia-pacific-countries-smart-2013-2015
#3
James A Karlowsky, Daryl J Hoban, Meredith A Hackel, Sibylle Lob, Daniel F Sahm
Gram-negative ESKAPE pathogens (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter spp.) are responsible for increases in antimicrobial-resistant infections worldwide. We determined in vitro susceptibilities to eight parenteral antimicrobial agents using CLSI broth microdilution methodology for gram-negative ESKAPE pathogens isolated from hospitalized patients with intra-abdominal infections (IAI) (n = 3,052) and urinary tract infections (UTI) (n = 1,088) in 11 countries/regions from 2013-2015...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028717/multi-drug-resistant-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-and-its-treatment-by-chinese-medicine
#4
Shi-Wei Liu, Xiao-Yang Xu, Jie Xu, Jiu-Yun Yuan, Wei-Kang Wu, Ning Zhang, Ze-Liang Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the resistance and virulence profiles of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and its treatment by Chinese medicine (CM) Fuzheng Qingre Lishi Formula (, FQLF). METHODS: UPEC strains were isolated from recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) patients. Patient sensitivities to 17 antibiotics were tested by the disk diffusion method. Virulence genes were screened by plolymerase chain reaction. A mouse model was constructed using a multi-drug resistant and virulent UPEC strain and treated with FQLF or the antibiotic imipenem...
December 27, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011969/comparison-of-quinolone-and-beta-lactam-resistance-among-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-urinary-tract-infections
#5
Zahra Tayebi, Hamid Heidari, Hossein Kazemian, Seyed Mohammad Ghafoori, Shahram Boroumandi, Hamidreza Houri
The growing frequency of antibiotic resistances is now a universal problem. Increasing resistance to new generations of β-lactam and quinolone antibiotics in multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolates is considered an emergency health issue worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes in ESBL-producing Escherichia coli isolated from urinary tract infections (UTIs). In our study ESBL-producing isolates were assessed by screening methods. After determination of antimicrobial susceptibility testing, detection of ESBLs and quinolone resistance genes was performed...
1, 2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986743/treatment-of-febrile-geriatric-patients-with-suspected-urinary-tract-infections-in-a-hospital-with-high-rates-of-esbl-producing-bacteria-a-cohort-study
#6
Zvi Shimoni, Regev Cohen, Ruslan Avdiaev, Paul Froom
PURPOSE: To determine the consequences of treating febrile geriatric patients with a suspected urinary tract infection (UTI) with antibiotics that have high resistance rates due primarily to extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria. METHODS: In this cohort study, we selected 257 consecutive hospitalised patients aged ≥70 years with a chief symptom of fever, possibly due to a UTI and initially treated with antibiotics with rates in our hospital of urinary culture resistance >20%...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979787/worrisome-high-frequency-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-a-case-control-study
#7
Franco Castillo-Tokumori, Claudia Irey-Salgado, Germán Málaga
OBJECTIVES: There has been a sustained and dramatic increase in community-acquired urinary tract infections (CA-UTI) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria over recent years. Despite this, no studies have been performed in low- or middle-income countries. The main objective of this case-control study was to describe ESBL CA-UTI and its risk factors. METHODS: Outpatients with CA-UTI seen at the Hospital Cayetano Heredia during 2015 were identified...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942843/common-findings-of-bla-ctx-m-55-encoding-104-139-kbp-plasmids-harbored-by-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-pork-meat-wholesale-market-workers-and-patients-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-vietnam
#8
T A V Hoang, T N H Nguyen, S Ueda, Q P Le, T T N Tran, T N D Nguyen, T V K Dao, M T Tran, T T T Le, T L Le, T Nakayama, I Hirai, T H Do, Q M Vien, Y Yamamoto
Extended-spectrum, β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E) harboring the bla CTX-M-55-encoding plasmid (ESBL-E55) has been reported to be associated with urinary tract infection (UTI). The aims of this study were to clarify the prevalence of ESBL-E55 in pork meats and workers from the same wholesale market, as well as patients with UTI from a nearby hospital in Vietnam; we also investigated the plasmids encoding bla CTX-M-55. Sequencing analysis showed that 66.6% of the ESBL-E isolated from pork meats contained bla CTX-M-55, whereas the gene was present in 25...
February 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902433/escherichia-coli-clonal-group-a-among-uropathogenic-infections-in-mexico-city
#9
Angel Manjarrez-Hernandez, José Molina-López, Sandra Gavilanes-Parra, Rigoberto Hernandez-Castro
Escherichia coli clonal group A (CGA) causes urinary tract and other extra-intestinal infections in humans. CGA is an important cause of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (SXT) resistance in extra-intestinal pathogens. We examined the extent to which resistance in this area is related to CGA dissemination of E. coli from urinary tract infections (UTIs) in Mexico City. The virulence backgrounds of the isolates were also characterized. In this study, the frequency of resistance to SXT used for UTI treatment was high (56-65 %), and CGA isolates accounted for 9 of the 78 SXT-resistant isolates (11...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894763/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-esbl-producing-bacteria-urinary-tract-infections-and-complex-pediatric-urology
#10
Ruth Wragg, Anna Harris, Mitul Patel, Andrew Robb, Harish Chandran, Liam McCarthy
AIM OF THE STUDY: Extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria are resistant to most beta-lactam antibiotics including third-generation cephalosporins, quinolones and aminoglycosides. This resistance is plasmid-borne and can spread between species. Management of ESBL is challenging in children with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) and complex urological abnormalities. We aim to quantify the risk in children and specifically in urological patients. METHODS: Retrospective review of a microbiology database (April 2014 to November 2015)...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891664/healthcare-costs-doubled-when-children-had-urinary-tract-infections-caused-by-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-bacteria
#11
Oona Nieminen, Matti Korppi, Merja Helminen
AIM: The impact of the emergence of antimicrobial resistant organisms has rarely been studied in children, including the healthcare costs of urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria. We evaluated the effect of ESBL on UTI healthcare costs and risk factors for paediatric UTIs. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study covered 2005-2014 and focused on children below 16 years of age treated in a University hospital: 22 children with UTIs caused by ESBL-producing bacteria and 56 ESBL-negative UTI controls...
November 7, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890813/international-travel-is-a-risk-factor-for-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-acquisition-in-children-a-case-case-control-study-in-an-urban-u-s-hospital
#12
Jonathan P Strysko, Vidya Mony, Jeremiah Cleveland, Hanna Siddiqui, Peter Homel, Christina Gagliardo
BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL) infections are increasing in both adults and children. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of children with ESBL in an ethnically-diverse population, to determine what proportion of these infections were community-onset, and to identify risk factors predisposing children to ESBL acquisition. METHODS: A case-case-control study of children aged 0-18 years was conducted from 2012 to 2014...
November 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821624/the-utility-of-a-blood-culture-database-to-identify-patients-suitable-for-outpatient-parenteral-antibiotic-treatment
#13
Mark Melzer, Liana Macpherson, Catherine Welch
BACKGROUND: The clinical and cost-effectiveness of outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) services are well described. We used a blood culture database as a novel approach to case finding and determined its utility in identifying inpatients suitable for OPAT. METHODS: From December 2012 to November 2013, consecutive adult inpatients with bacteraemia, and those recruited to OPAT, were prospectively studied. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the association between bacteraemic patient characteristics and OPAT recruitment...
November 7, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806687/characteristics-of-gram-negative-urinary-tract-infections-caused-by-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases-pivmecillinam-as-a-treatment-option-within-south-dublin-ireland
#14
Fardod O'Kelly, Siobhan Kavanagh, Rustom Manecksha, John Thornhill, Jérôme P Fennell
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae is increasing and the therapeutic options are limited, especially in primary care. Recent indications have suggested pivmecillinam to be a suitable option. This pilot study aimed to assess the viability of pivmecillinam as a therapeutic option in a Dublin cohort of mixed community and healthcare origin. METHODS: A prospective measurement of mean and fractional inhibitory concentrations of antibiotic use in 95 patients diagnosed with UTI caused by ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae was carried out...
November 3, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801378/intestinal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-e-coli-in-women-with-urinary-tract-infections-cameroon
#15
Ingrid Cécile Djuikoue, Paul-Louis Woerther, Michel Toukam, Charles Burdet, Etienne Ruppé, Kamga Hortense Gonsu, Charles Fokunang, Assiya El Mniai, Kamgue Larissa, Anatole Constant Pieme, Mallila Georgia Mboupaing, Caroline Mietchop Kakam, Hervé Kengne Fogang, Antoine Andremont, Jeanne Ngogang
INTRODUCTION: During the last decade, the prevalence of the intestinal carriage of extended spectrum beta-lactamases - producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E. coli) has continued to increase worldwide in the community, especially in developing countries. Hence, we undertook a study to determine the ESBL-E. coli fecal carriage rate and the associated risk factors in Cameroonian women. METHODOLOGY: A total of 86 women suspected of community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTI) were included in 10 health structures from May 2011 to April 2012...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776162/incidence-clinical-outcome-and-risk-factors-of-intensive-care-unit-infections-in-the-lagos-university-teaching-hospital-luth-lagos-nigeria
#16
Anthony A Iwuafor, Folasade T Ogunsola, Rita O Oladele, Oyin O Oduyebo, Ibironke Desalu, Chukwudi C Egwuatu, Agwu U Nnachi, Comfort N Akujobi, Ita O Ita, Godwin I Ogban
BACKGROUND: Infections are common complications in critically ill patients with associated significant morbidity and mortality. AIM: This study determined the prevalence, risk factors, clinical outcome and microbiological profile of hospital-acquired infections in the intensive care unit of a Nigerian tertiary hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study, patients were recruited and followed up between September 2011 and July 2012 until they were either discharged from the ICU or died...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729016/oral-fosfomycin-for-treatment-of-urinary-tract-infection-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Philippa C Matthews, Lucinda K Barrett, Stephanie Warren, Nicole Stoesser, Mel Snelling, Matthew Scarborough, Nicola Jones
BACKGROUND: Fosfomycin is increasingly called upon for the treatment of multi drug-resistant (MDR) organisms causing urinary tract infection (UTI). We reviewed oral fosfomycin use for UTI treatment in a large UK hospital. The primary goal was to audit our clinical practice against current national guidelines. Secondary aims were to identify factors associated with treatment failure, and to investigate the potential for using fosfomycin in patients with co-morbidities. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 75 adult patients with UTI who received 151 episodes of treatment with fosfomycin from March 2013 to June 2015...
October 11, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725280/distribution-of-virulence-genes-and-genotyping-of-ctx-m-15-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolated-from-patients-with-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infection-ca-uti
#18
Reza Ranjbar, Hamed Memariani, Rahim Sorouri, Mojtaba Memariani
Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the most important agents of community-acquired urinary tract infection (CA-UTI). In addition to extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), a number of virulence factors have been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of K. pneumoniae, including capsule, siderophores, and adhesins. Little is known about the genetic diversity and virulence content of the CTX-M-15-producing K. pneumoniae isolated from CA-UTI in Iran. A total of 152 K. pneumoniae isolates were collected from CA-UTI patients in Tehran from September 2015 through April 2016...
November 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712137/an-update-on-the-management-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-era-of-antimicrobial-resistance
#19
Mazen S Bader, Mark Loeb, Annie A Brooks
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative bacteria are a growing concern due to limited therapeutic options. Gram-negative bacteria, specifically Enterobacteriaceae, are common causes of both community-acquired and hospital acquired UTIs. These organisms can acquire genes that encode for multiple antibiotic resistance mechanisms, including extended-spectrum-lactamases (ESBLs), AmpC- β -lactamase, and carbapenemases. The assessment of suspected UTI includes identification of characteristic symptoms or signs, urinalysis, dipstick or microscopic tests, and urine culture if indicated...
October 7, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704730/extended-spectrum-%C3%A3-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-as-a-common-cause-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-sri-lanka
#20
L Gayani Tillekeratne, Dhammika Vidanagama, Rashmi Tippalagama, Rashmi Lewkebandara, Maria Joyce, Bradly P Nicholson, Ajith Nagahawatte, Champica K Bodinayake, Aruna Dharshan De Silva, Christopher W Woods
BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) are increasingly reported as pathogens in urinary tract infections (UTIs). However, in Sri Lanka, the clinical and molecular epidemiology of ESBL-PE implicated in UTIs has not been well described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted prospective, laboratory-based surveillance from October to December 2013 at a tertiary care hospital in southern Sri Lanka and enrolled patients ≥1 year of age with clinically relevant UTIs due to ESBL-PE...
September 2016: Infection & Chemotherapy
keyword
keyword
74792
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"