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Hip arthroplasty rheumatoid arthritis

Elizabeth Salt, Amanda T Wiggins, Mary Kay Rayens, Brent J Morris, David Mannino, Andrew Hoellein, Ryan P Donegan, Leslie J Crofford
OBJECTIVE: Inconclusive findings about infection risks, importantly the use of immunosuppressive medications in patients who have undergone large-joint total joint arthroplasty, challenge efforts to provide evidence-based perioperative total joint arthroplasty recommendations to improve surgical outcomes. Thus, the aim of this study was to describe risk factors for developing a post-operative infection in patients undergoing TJA of a large joint (total hip arthroplasty, total knee arthroplasty, or total shoulder arthroplasty) by identifying clinical and demographic factors, including the use of high-risk medications (i...
August 24, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Fernando Cobo, Javier Rodríguez-Granger, Enrique M López, Gemma Jiménez, Antonio Sampedro, Luis Aliaga-Martínez, José María Navarro-Marí
BACKGROUND: The clinical and microbiological characteristics of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) caused by Candida species is described, including 72 cases in the literature and a case of Candida glabrata infection handled at the present centre. METHODS: We describe one patient and using the key words 'fungal prosthetic joint infection' and 'candida prosthetic joint infection' we searched MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD), Web of Science, CINAHL and Cochrane systematic review databases for case reports of this condition...
September 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases
Ameya V Save, Arya Varthi, Paul G Talusan, Raj Gala, Stephen Nelson, Kristaps J Keggi
Total hip arthroplasty in the juvenile patient with a severely diseasedjoint can provide long-term pain relief and improvement in function. We present a patient with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis who underwent a Mittelmeier ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty at age 12 in 1986. The implant provided the patient with a functioning hip for 24 years, but subsequently required revision due to femoral component loosening. This case report represents the longest reported clinical follow-up of noncemented, ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty in a juvenile patient and depicts an excellent outcome at 27 years...
June 2016: Connecticut Medicine
Hiroyuki Yoshihara, Daisuke Yoneoka, Adam Margalit
OBJECTIVES: Atlantoaxial subluxation is a well-known cervical spinal disorder in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and certain patients with this condition may need to receive atlantoaxial spinal fusion (AASF). However, there is limited information available regarding demographics and outcome trends. The purpose of this study is to present an analysis of RA patients who underwent elective AASF using national in-hospital data. METHODS: Clinical data were derived from the US Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) between 2000 and 2009...
July 26, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Lingde Kong, Junming Cao, Yingze Zhang, Wenyuan Ding, Yong Shen
To identify risk factors for periprosthetic joint infection following primary total joint arthroplasty, a systematic search was performed in Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane library databases. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) or standardised mean differences (SMDs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Patient characteristics, surgical-related factors and comorbidities, as potential risk factors, were investigated. The main factors associated with infection after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) were male gender (OR, 1·48; 95% CI, 1...
July 10, 2016: International Wound Journal
Takahito Yuasa, Katsuhiko Maezawa, Masahiko Nozawa, Kazuo Kaneko
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In this study, cementless THA was performed for RA patients, and its clinical outcomes, as well as radiographic findings and implant survival rates, were examined more than 10 years after surgery in comparison with the outcomes of the same procedure performed for patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA) during the same period. METHOD: We studied 28 cases of THA for RA clinically and radiologically at a minimum follow-up duration of 10 years. The patients consisted of 4 males and 22 females, with a mean age at the time of surgery of 53...
August 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
S Popelka, A Sosna, P Vavřík, D Jahoda, V Barták, I Landor
UNLABELLED: PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Total joint replacement is one of the options in surgical treatment of advanced ankle arthritis. It allows the ankle to remain mobile but, unfortunately, it does not provide the same longevity as total knee or hip replacements. Therefore, decisions concerning the kind of treatment are very individual and depend on the clinical status and opinion of each patient. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 132 total ankle replacements were carried out in the period from 2004 to 2015...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Christine M Seaworth, Huong T Do, Ettore Vulcano, Sriniwasan B Mani, Stephen L Lyman, Scott J Ellis
The rate of total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is increasing in the United States as its popularity and indications expand. There currently is no national joint registry available to monitor outcomes, and few studies have addressed the challenges faced with TAA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence, complications, and survival rates associated with TAA using a large statewide administrative discharge database. Individuals who underwent primary TAA from 1997 to 2010 were identified in the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database from the New York State Department of Health...
May 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Erik A Schnaser, James A Browne, Douglas E Padgett, Mark P Figgie, Michele R D'Apuzzo
BACKGROUND: Limited information exists comparing the short-term complications of the different inflammatory arthropathies (IAs) after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Our objectives were to (1) compare perioperative complications and (2) determine the most common complications between the different IA subtypes compared with patients with osteoarthritis (OA) undergoing primary THA. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify 2,102,238 patients undergoing elective, unilateral THA between 2002 and 2011...
October 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Hanbing Zhou, Nathan D Orvets, Gabriel Merlin, Joshua Shaw, Joshua S Dines, Mark D Price, Josef K Eichinger, Xinning Li
Total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is utilized in the treatment of rheumatoid and post-traumatic elbow arthritis. TEA is a relatively low volume surgery in comparison to other types of arthroplasty and therefore little is known about current surgical utilization, patient demographics and complication rates in the United States. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the current practice trends and associated in-patient complications of TEA at academic centers in the United States. We queried the University Health Systems Consortium administrative database from 2007 to 2011 for patients who underwent an elective TEA...
March 21, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Giovanni Balato, Tiziana Ascione, Massimo Mariconda, Pasquale Pagliano
A 73-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis presented to our institution with infection of her right total hip arthroplasty. On admission, a draining sinus tract over the hip and a palpable mass in the left lower posterior region of the neck were detected. The contrast CT scan showed a large abscess in the trapezius muscle and multiple abscesses involving muscle of the neck and right shoulder. Intraoperative specimens from the muscle abscess were positive for presumably the same methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus that sustained the prosthetic joint infection...
2016: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Hiroyuki Yoshihara, Daisuke Yoneoka, Adam Margalit, Joseph D Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is known to be associated with multiple comorbidities and, therefore, overall management is critical for those patients undergoing elective major orthopaedic surgeries, such as total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to compare in-hospital outcomes of elective THA and TKA between patients with and without RA in the US during the last decade. We hypothesised that patients with RA would have similar perioperative outcomes after elective THA and TKA...
March 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Ivan De Martino, Vincenzo De Santis, Peter K Sculco, Rocco D'Apolito, Lazaros A Poultsides, Giorgio Gasparini
BACKGROUND: The porous tantalum monoblock cup has demonstrated excellent short-term and midterm clinical and radiographic outcomes in primary THA, but longer follow-up is necessary to confirm the durability of these results into the second decade. The purpose of this study is to report the clinical and radiographic outcomes for this monoblock cup with a minimum 15-year follow-up. METHODS: From June 1998 to December 1999, 61 consecutive patients (63 hips) underwent primary THA with a tantalum monoblock acetabular component...
September 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Aleeson Eka, Antonia F Chen
Despite advancements and improvements in methods for preventing infection, periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a significant complication following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Prevention is the most important strategy to deal with this disabling complication, and prevention should begin with identifying patient-related risk factors. Medical risk factors, such as morbid obesity, malnutrition, hyperglycemia, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), preoperative anemia, cardiovascular disorders, chronic renal failure, smoking, alcohol abuse and depression, should be evaluated and optimized prior to surgery...
September 2015: Annals of Translational Medicine
Kiminori Yukata, Sho Nakai, Tomohiro Goto, Yuichi Ikeda, Yasunori Shimaoka, Issei Yamanaka, Koichi Sairyo, Jun-Ichi Hamawaki
This article presents a narrative review of cystic lesions around the hip and primarily consists of 5 sections: Radiological examination, prevalence, pathogenesis, symptoms, and treatment. Cystic lesions around the hip are usually asymptomatic but may be observed incidentally on imaging examinations, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Some cysts may enlarge because of various pathological factors, such as trauma, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or total hip arthroplasty (THA), and may become symptomatic because of compression of surrounding structures, including the femoral, obturator, or sciatic nerves, external iliac or common femoral artery, femoral or external iliac vein, sigmoid colon, cecum, small bowel, ureters, and bladder...
October 18, 2015: World Journal of Orthopedics
Ning Lu, Yang Yang, Hong Chen, Weiqiang Li, Bo Pu, Luping Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of total hip arthroplasty (THA) with impacted autologous bone grafting and a cementless cup in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with protrusio acetabuli. METHODS: Between January 2001 and April 2009, 18 cases (20 hips) of RA with protrusio acetabuli were treated, including 6 males and 12 females with an average age of 46 years (range, 36-62 years). The disease duration was 3-10 years (mean, 6 years). Preoperative Harris score was 40...
February 2015: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
M Mikláš, M Pink, T Valoušek
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In view of increasing interest in a relationship between the surface of an implant and its behaviour and longevity in total hip arthroplasty (THA), the aim of this study is to present the clinical and radiographic results, as well as complications, of hip replacement surgery using the cemented femoral stem SAS I. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 298 cemented femoral stems SAS I were implanted in 275 patients at our department between 1996 and 2005. The patient average age was 72.1 years, with the range from 64 to 92 years...
2015: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Julio J Jauregui, Bhaveen H Kapadia, Anant Dixit, Qais Naziri, David J Hip-Flores, Steven F Harwin, Michael A Mont
Although total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is highly successful for patients with end-stage rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the risks and complications associated with surgery in this cohort are less defined. The objectives of our study were to analyze the demographic and perioperative factors of RA patients that may affect post-TKA outcomes, as well as to assess the 30-day complication rates compared to osteoarthritis patients. We retrospectively evaluated the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database from 2006 to 2012 to assess all patients who underwent a primary TKA and had a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (n = 141) or primary knee osteoarthritis (n = 7125)...
March 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Mohammad Saeed Mosleh-Shirazi, Mazin Ibrahim, Philip Pastides, Wasim Khan, Habib Rahman
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has improved the quality of life of patients with hip arthritis. Orthopedic community is striving for excellence to improve surgical techniques and postoperative care. Despite these efforts, patients continue facing postoperative complications. In particular, patients with rheumatoid arthritis display a higher risk of certain complications such as dislocation, periprosthetic infection, and shorter prosthesis durability. In this review we present the current knowledge of hip arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with more insight into common practices and interventions directed at enhancing recovery of these patients and current shortfalls...
2015: International Journal of Rheumatology
Yanbin Zhu, Fei Zhang, Wei Chen, Qi Zhang, Song Liu, Yingze Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study aims to quantitatively summarize risk factors associated with heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: The computerized and additional manual searches were performed in Medline, Embase, CNKI, and Cochrane central database (all through March 2014) for potential studies. Studies eligible had to meet the quality assessment criteria by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and to evaluate the risk factors for heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty...
September 2015: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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