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Neuro opthalmology

Diandian Huang, Bing Wu, Kaining Shi, Lin Ma, Youquan Cai, Xin Lou
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the human primary visual cortex is correlated with the loss of visual function in neuro-ophthalmological diseases. Advanced three-dimensional pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (3D pCASL), as a non-invasive method to access the CBF, can be a novel measurement to detect the visual cortex. The objective of the study was to assess the intra- and inter-scanner reliability of 3D pCASL of the visual cortex in healthy adults and suggest the selection of different post-labeling delay times (PLDs)...
2013: PloS One
Philippe Gailloud, Neil R Miller
BACKGROUND: A number of cerebrovascular disorders produce manifestations of neuro-ophthalmologic significance. In many cases, these disorders can be treated using endovascular techniques. METHODS: The material in this article was obtained from a combination of personal experience and review of the literature using PubMed. RESULTS: A variety of new equipment, materials, and techniques are available to the interventional neuro-radiologist dealing with intracranial vascular lesions such as aneurysms, arteriovenous fistulas, and arteriovenous malformations...
September 2013: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Anat Kesler
Neuro-ophthalmology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of visual disorders related to the neurological system rather than the globe itself. Being a subspecialty of both neurology and ophthalmology, it requires specialized training and expertise in diseases of the eye, brain, nerves and muscles. Commonly encountered pathologies in neuro-ophthalmology include: optic neuropathies (such as optic neuritis and ischemic optic neuropathy), visual field loss (transient, constant, unexplained), transient visual loss, unspecified visual disturbances, diplopia, abnormal eye movements, thyroid eye disease, myasthenia gravis, anisocoria, and eyelid abnormalities...
February 2013: Harefuah
Maura K Cosetti, Kareem Tawfik, Mohammad Fouladvand, J Thomas Roland, Anil K Lalwani
OBJECTIVE: To describe and characterize diplopia resulting from skew deviation after cerebellopontine angle (CPA) surgery and labyrinthectomy. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Retrospective case series of 4 patients who developed vertical diplopia from skew deviation after resection of tumors in the CPA or labyrinthectomy MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Complete neuro-opthalmologic examination including opticokinetic testing, confrontational visual field assessment, color plate, pupillary reflex, slit lamp examination, and head tilt test...
July 2012: Otology & Neurotology
Lynne H Y Lim
The objective is to describe the multidisciplinary management programme at the National University Hospital (NUH) in Singapore for children with hearing impairment (HI). Over 99.95% of babies born at NUH have hearing tested with both otoacoustic emission and automated auditory brainstem response tests by 6 weeks of age. The referral rate to Otolaryngology is 0.5%. Acquired causes of congenital HI are decreasing. Thirty percent of patients at NUH with idiopathic congenital sensorineural HI have DFNB1/ GJB6 Connexin 26 HI...
December 2008: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
R Dziurla, F Buttgereit
Glucocorticoids (GC) are effective drugs which are often used in rheumatology. However, they have a considerable potential for frequent and sometimes serious side effects that restrict their use. Their mechanisms of action are either receptor dependent (specific) or independent (unspecific) on the genomic as well as the non-genomic level. Many adverse effects are predominantly caused by transactivation while the desired effects are mostly mediated by transrepression. Treatment strategies are sub-classified into low, medium, high, very high dose and pulse therapy based on criteria such as dose, indication, duration of treatment and potential risk of adverse events...
November 2008: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2008: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
(no author information available yet)
Christian Baumann (Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, Germany): Wilbrand's ideas of the visual cortex. Hermann Wilbrand (1851-1935) is considered one of the founders of neuro-opthalmology. He is best known for the monumental handbook, Die Neurologie des Auges (Wilbrand &Saenger, 1898-1922). Prior to this encyclopedic work, Wilbrand published three clinical monographs on the diagnosis of brain diseases with the help of ophthalmological examinations(Wilbrand 1881, 1884, 1890). But Wilbrand not only treated clinical aspects but also supplied evidence for the localization of the optical center in the calcarine fissure of the occipital cortex...
2008: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1949: North Carolina Medical Journal
Senta Kurschel, Richard Maier, Verena Gellner, Hans Georg Eder
OBJECTIVE: To present clinical and morphological findings before and after surgery in a child with Chairi I malformation (CMI) and intra-cranial hypertension (IH). The literature is reviewed and pathophysiologic factors are discussed. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old obese boy with a 3-week history of headaches, neck pain, torticollis and progressive visual deterioration was admitted. Bi-lateral chronic papilloedema and decrease in visual acuity were found in the presence of a previously diagnosed CMI...
August 2007: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
A S Alexander, R Turner, L Uniate, R G Pearcy
This case report describes the neuro-opthalmologic and respiratory manifestations of xanthoma disseminatum, a rare histiocytosis syndrome characterized by disseminated lesions in a young male adult. Multimodality management of this disease, including the role of local radiotherapy, is discussed accompanied by a review of the literature.
February 2005: British Journal of Radiology
Z S Polizopoulou, A F Koutinas, V D Souftas, E Kaldrymidou, G Kazakos, G Papadopoulos
Ten dogs with primary (n = 8) and metastatic (n = 2) brain tumours were studied in an attempt to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity of computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Of the clinical signs noticed, seizures (seven of 10), behavioural abnormalities and cognition dysfunction (seven of 10), compulsive walking and circling (six of 10), sensorimotor (five of 10) and neuro-opthalmological (two of 10) dysfunction were the most common. In all 10 animals that finally died of the disease or were killed, the histopathological diagnosis that followed necropsy was taken as a golden standard in the CT or MRI prediction of the histological type of brain neoplasms...
June 2004: Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine
Yasuaki Kawasaki, Tsutomu Tsuruta, Yuji Setogawa, Hiroshi Sakamoto
A 22-month-old male Japanese mongrel cat with a history of dysuria and recurrent generalised tonic-clonic seizure was examined by neuro-opthalmological testing and computed tomography (CT). Vision testing revealed narrowing of the visual field in the right eye, and complete visual deficits in the left eye. Pupillary reactions, and motor and sensory function in the eyelids and the eyes were normal. The cat was diagnosed as hydrocephalus by CT examination, because dilation of the right lateral ventricle, and compression of the right temporal and occipital cortices was shown...
December 2003: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1955: Annali di Ottalmologia e Clinica Oculistica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1963: International Ophthalmology Clinics
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1962: Rivista Oto-neuro-oftalmologica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1956: Revue D'oto-neuro-ophtalmologie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1954: Journal of the Maine Medical Association
E P O'Sullivan, C Kennard
This review covers the recent developments in the diagnosis, natural history and treatment of several common neuro-opthalmological disorders, such as optic neuritis, pseudotumour cerebri and nonarteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy. It also deals briefly with the effects on the eye of the ataxias and antiepileptic drugs.
February 1998: Current Opinion in Neurology
C Waterlot, C Cortet-Rudelli, P Fossati, D Dewailly
Since the advent of immunohistochemical and cell culture techniques, the role of gonadotroph adenomas in hypophyseal disorders appears more important than formerly. A large part of "nonfunctional" adenomas in fact correspond to gonadotroph adenomas in vitro. These adenomas raise many clinical and biological questions since their presentation is not univocal. In addition, diagnosis of these adenomas is important since their spontaneous development leads to neuro-opthalmological complications, which presently are still too often the revealing manifestations of these adenomas...
June 15, 1996: La Revue du Praticien
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