Read by QxMD icon Read

Hispanic* AND self-reported health

Thomas J Hoffmann, Bronya J Keats, Noriko Yoshikawa, Catherine Schaefer, Neil Risch, Lawrence R Lustig
Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI), one of the most common sensory disorders, can be mitigated, but not cured or eliminated. To identify genetic influences underlying ARHI, we conducted a genome-wide association study of ARHI in 6,527 cases and 45,882 controls among the non-Hispanic whites from the Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) cohort. We identified two novel genome-wide significant SNPs: rs4932196 (odds ratio = 1.185, p = 4.0x10-11), 52Kb 3' of ISG20, which replicated in a meta-analysis of the other GERA race/ethnicity groups (1,025 cases, 12,388 controls, p = 0...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
Carmela Alcántara, Luciana Andrea Giorgio Cosenzo, Weijia Fan, David Matthew Doyle, Jonathan A Shaffer
Although Blacks sleep between 37 and 75min less per night than non-Hispanic Whites, research into what drives racial differences in sleep duration is limited. We examined the association of anxiety sensitivity, a cognitive vulnerability, and race (Blacks vs. White) with short sleep duration (<7h of sleep/night), and whether anxiety sensitivity mediated race differences in sleep duration in a nationally representative sample of adults with cardiovascular disease. Overall, 1289 adults (115 Black, 1174 White) with a self-reported physician/health professional diagnosis of ≥1 myocardial infarction completed an online survey...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Rebecca J Schwei, Timothy P Johnson, Alicia K Matthews, Elizabeth A Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: Our two study objectives were: (1) to understand the relationship between the perception of a previous negative health-care experience and race/ethnicity, and how socio-demographic, access-to-health-care, and self-reported health variables modified this relationship; and (2) to assess how many behaviors participants reported changing as a result of experiencing a perceived negative health-care experience, which behaviors they changed, and if there were differences in patterns of change across racial/ethnic groups...
October 17, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Rosenda Murillo, Kathryn J Reid, Elva M Arredondo, Jianwen Cai, Marc D Gellman, Nathan M Gotman, David X Marquez, Frank J Penedo, Alberto R Ramos, Phyllis C Zee, Martha L Daviglus
We examined associations of mild and moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA; apnea-hypopnea index ≥5 and ≥15, respectively) with recommended amounts of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) or vigorous physical activity (VPA) and by type of activity (i.e., recreational, transportation, and work activity). The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a multicenter population-based study, enrolled individuals from 2008 to 2011 from four U.S. metropolitan areas (Bronx, New York; Chicago, Illinois; Miami, Florida; San Diego, California)...
October 13, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Brian E McCabe, Natasha Schaefer Solle, Nilda Peragallo Montano, Victoria B Mitrani
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol misuse and depressive symptoms have been linked to HIV/STI risk, but studies have rarely included Hispanic women, who have over four times greater HIV incidence than white, non-Hispanic women. Understanding the connections among alcohol misuse, depressive symptoms, and HIV/STI risks may suggest ways to meet specific needs of Hispanic women. This study's objective is to examine the relationships among alcohol misuse, depressive symptoms, and seven HIV/STI risk factors...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Sarah P Justvig, Justine Li, Giuseppina Caravella, Minqin Chen, Hua Wang, Lisa A Benz Scott, Susmita Pati
While CHW interventions improve health outcomes, evidence identifying specific domains of CHW-delivered support resulting in positive outcomes is limited. Our goals were to identify domains of CHW-delivered support that assist families with adhering to recommended pediatric care; and, to identify predictors of successful completion of an enriched medical home intervention (EMHI) using trained CHWs making home visits to provide health education and support positive health behaviors. We performed a prospective descriptive study of 88 families participating in a protocol-based EMHI...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Andrea L Roberts, Norman J Johnson, Jarvis T Chen, Merit E Cudkowicz, Marc G Weisskopf
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status are associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) mortality in the United States. METHODS: The National Longitudinal Mortality Study (NLMS), a United States-representative, multistage sample, collected race/ethnicity and socioeconomic data prospectively. Mortality information was obtained by matching NLMS records to the National Death Index (1979-2011). More than 2 million persons (n = 1,145,368 women, n = 1,011,172 men) were included, with 33,024,881 person-years of follow-up (1,299 ALS deaths , response rate 96%)...
October 14, 2016: Neurology
Andrea C Villanti, Paul D Mowery, Cristine D Delnevo, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Gary A Giovino
INTRODUCTION: National data from 2004 to 2010 showed that despite decreases in non-menthol cigarette use prevalence, menthol cigarette use prevalence remained constant in adolescents and adults and increased in young adults. The purpose of the current study was to extend these analyses through 2014. METHODS: We estimated the prevalence of menthol cigarette smoking in the USA during 2004-2014 using annual cross-sectional data on persons aged ≥12 years from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health...
October 11, 2016: Tobacco Control
Xuesong Han, Shiyun Zhu, Ahmedin Jemal
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine sociodemographic and health care-related characteristics of young adults covered through the Affordable Care Act (ACA)-dependent coverage expansion. METHODS: Our sample consisted of 36,802 young adults aged 19-25 years from 2011 to 2014 National Health Interview Survey. Sociodemographic differences among young adults with the four insurance types were described: privately insured under parents, privately insured under self/spouse, publicly insured, and uninsured...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Alexis R Santos-Lozada
This paper evaluates racial/ethnic differences in self-rated mental health for adults in the United States, while controlling for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics as well as length of stay in the country. Using data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey Cancer Control Supplement (NHIS-CCS), binomial logistic regression models are fit to estimate the association between race/ethnicity and poor/fair self-reported mental health among US Adults. The size of the analytical sample was 22,844 persons...
2016: PeerJ
Lilian G Perez, Adrian Chavez, David X Marquez, Sandra C Soto, Jessica Haughton, Elva M Arredondo
Background Less than 50% of Latinas meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. Acculturation is a complex cultural phenomenon that may influence health behaviors, but associations between acculturation and Latinas' activity and sedentary levels are unclear. Aim To examine associations of acculturation with Latinas' domain-specific and total PA as well as sedentary time. Method We analyzed baseline data collected between 2011 and 2013 among 410 Latinas (18-65 years) from a PA promotion intervention in San Diego, CA (Fe en Acción/Faith in Action)...
September 27, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Miriam Mutambudzi, Nai-Wei Chen, Kyriakos S Markides, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of co-occurring depressive symptoms and functional disability on mortality in older Mexican-American adults with diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (HEPESE) survey conducted in the southwestern United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, California). PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling Mexican Americans with self-reported diabetes mellitus participating in the HEPESE survey (N = 624)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Arthur R Andrews, Debbie Gomez, Austin Larey, Hayden Pacl, Dennis Burchette, Juventino Hernandez Rodriguez, Freddie A Pastrana, Ana J Bridges
Introduction: Type 2 diabetes is often comorbid with internalizing mental health disorders and associated with greater psychiatric treatment resistance. Integrating psychotherapy into primary care can help treat internalizing disorders generally. We explored whether such treatment had comparable effectiveness in patients with and without Type 2 diabetes. Method: Participants were 468 consecutive adults (23% male; 62% Hispanic, Mage = 41.46 years) referred by medical staff for psychotherapy appointments to address internalizing symptoms (e...
September 26, 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
J L Meyers, Q Brown, B F Grant, D Hasin
BACKGROUND: Religiosity is a protective factor against many health problems, including alcohol use disorders (AUD). Studies suggest that religiosity has greater buffering effects on mental health problems among US Blacks and Hispanics than Whites. However, whether race/ethnic differences exist in the associations of religiosity, alcohol consumption and AUD is unclear. METHOD: Using 2004-2005 NESARC data (analytic n = 21 965), we examined the relationship of public religiosity (i...
September 26, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Aaron Hogue, Sarah Dauber, Craig E Henderson
This study evaluated whether community therapists delivering family therapy for adolescent behavior problems in usual care achieved performance benchmarks established in controlled trials for treatment fidelity and outcomes, with particular focus on individual differences in therapist performance. The study contained N = 38 adolescents (50 % male; mean age 15 years) whose self-reported race/ethnicity was Hispanic (74 %), African American (11 %), multiracial (11 %), and other (4 %). Clients were treated by 13 therapists in one community mental health clinic that delivered family therapy as the routine standard of care...
September 23, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
David A Kalmbach, Vivek Pillai, J Todd Arnedt, Christopher L Drake
STUDY OBJECTIVES: We estimated rates of cardiometabolic disease, pain conditions, and psychiatric illness associated with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) insomnia disorder (current and in remission) and habitual short sleep (fewer than 6 h), and examined the roles of insomnia and short sleep in racial disparities in disease burden between black and non-Hispanic white Americans. METHODS: This epidemiological survey study was cross-sectional...
September 9, 2016: Sleep
M Magaña López, M Bevans, L Wehrlen, L Yang, G R Wallen
BACKGROUND: Data collection on race and ethnicity is critical in the assessment of racial disparities related to health. Studies comparing clinical and administrative data show discrepancies in race documentation and attribution. METHODS: Self-reported data from two studies were compared to demographics in the electronic health record (EHR) extracted from the Biomedical Translational Research Information System (BTRIS) repository. McNemar and Bhapkar analyses were conducted to quantify the agreement of ethnicity and race between self-reported and EHR data...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Lauren Wiznia, Feng Dai, Anees B Chagpar
Purpose Indoor tanning is associated with an increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC), yet little is known about indoor tanning habits of individuals with a history of NMSC. Methods We examined self-reported history of NMSC and tanning bed use among non-Hispanic white respondents in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a cross-sectional population-based survey designed to be representative of the civilian US population. We computed weighted population estimates and standard errors using the Taylor series linearization method...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Daniel H Jung, Mari Palta, Maureen Smith, Thomas R Oliver, Eva H DuGoff
INTRODUCTION: In 2012, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) introduced the Quality Bonus Payment Demonstration, a pay-for-performance (P4P) program, into Medicare Advantage plans. Previous studies documented racial/ethnic disparities in receipt of care among participants in these plans. The objective of this study was to determine whether P4P incentives have affected these disparities in Medicare Advantage plans. METHODS: We studied 411 Medicare Advantage health plans that participated in the Medicare Health Outcome Survey in 2010 and 2013...
September 8, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
Huabin Luo, Bei Wu
BACKGROUND: To assess the extent of self-awareness of gum disease among adults in the United States. METHODS: Data were from the 2009-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The outcome variable is self-awareness of gum disease. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between self-awareness and clinically diagnosed periodontitis. The analytical sample included 6876 participants. RESULTS: Among those participants (30 years or older) who were classified as having periodontitis, 27% (95% confidence interval [CI], 24...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"