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Hispanic* AND self-reported health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431619/age-sex-and-race-ethnic-temporal-trends-in-metabolic-syndrome-prevalence-among-individuals-with-myocardial-infarction-or-stroke-in-the-united-states
#1
Alain Lekoubou, Bruce Ovbiagele, Daniela Markovic, Nerses Sanossian, Amytis Towfighi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an independent risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, affects 1 in 3 adults in the United States. Recent trends in MetS prevalence among MI and stroke survivors are unknown. METHODS: We assessed age, sex, race/ethnicity, and socio-economic status specific trends in rates of MetS among adults ≥18years who participated in National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999-2010 and who fasted for 8h (n=12,502)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427484/racial-and-ethnic-subgroup-disparities-in-hypertension-prevalence-new-york-city-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2013-2014
#2
Kezhen Fei, Jesica S Rodriguez-Lopez, Marcel Ramos, Nadia Islam, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi, Claudia Chernov, Sharon E Perlman, Lorna E Thorpe
INTRODUCTION: Racial/ethnic minority adults have higher rates of hypertension than non-Hispanic white adults. We examined the prevalence of hypertension among Hispanic and Asian subgroups in New York City. METHODS: Data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to assess hypertension prevalence among adults (aged ≥20) in New York City (n = 1,476). Hypertension was measured (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mm Hg or self-reported hypertension and use of blood pressure medication)...
April 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426301/small-group-randomized-controlled-trial-to-increase-condom-use-and-hiv-testing-among-hispanic-latino-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Scott D Rhodes, Jorge Alonzo, Lilli Mann, Eunyoung Y Song, Amanda E Tanner, Jorge Elias Arellano, Rodrigo Rodriguez-Celedon, Manuel Garcia, Arin Freeman, Beth A Reboussin, Thomas M Painter
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the HOLA en Grupos intervention, a Spanish-language small-group behavioral HIV prevention intervention designed to increase condom use and HIV testing among Hispanic/Latino gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men. METHODS: In 2012 to 2015, we recruited and randomized 304 Hispanic/Latino men who have sex with men, aged 18 to 55 years in North Carolina, to the 4-session HOLA en Grupos intervention or an attention-equivalent general health education comparison intervention...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410862/state-level-awareness-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-u-s
#4
Sai H Dharmarajan, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Hal Morgenstern, Brenda W Gillespie, Yi Li, Neil R Powe, Delphine S Tuot, Tanushree Banerjee, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Deborah B Rolka, Sharon H Saydah, Rajiv Saran
INTRODUCTION: This study examined state-level variation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) awareness using national estimates of disease awareness among adults in the U.S. with CKD. METHODS: Data on U.S. adults were obtained from two national, population-based surveys: (1) the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS 2011; n=506,467), a state-level phone survey containing information on self-reported kidney disease; and (2) the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 2005-2012; n=20,831), containing physical health examination, surveys containing data on self-reported kidney disease, risk factors, and laboratory values...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383985/violent-offending-among-juveniles-a-7-year-longitudinal-study-of-recidivism-desistance-and-associations-with-mental-health
#5
Sascha Hein, Baptiste Barbot, Amanda Square, John Chapman, Catherine Foley Geib, Elena L Grigorenko
Serious and violent offending among juveniles is a consistent concern of researchers, practitioners, and policymakers, yet the development of violent offending remains poorly understood because of limited availability of relevant data, small sample sizes, and shortage of longitudinal data sets. This study analyzed developmental patterns of violent offending over 7 years in the complete population of court-referred youth in Connecticut between 2006 and 2012 (N = 58,678; mean age at first offense = 14.7 years)...
April 6, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382755/innovative-approaches-to-weight-loss-in-a-high-risk-population-the-small-changes-and-lasting-effects-scale-trial
#6
Erica G Phillips, Martin T Wells, Ginger Winston, Rosio Ramos, Carol M Devine, Elaine Wethington, Janey C Peterson, Brian Wansink, Mary Charlson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a small change behavioral weight loss intervention with or without a positive affect/self-affirmation (PA/SA) component on weight loss at 12 months. METHODS: Black and Hispanic adults (N = 405) with body mass index 25-50 kg/m(2) selected one of ten small change eating strategies and a physical activity goal, randomly with/without PA/SA. Participants were followed by community health workers at set intervals (weekly in months 1-3; biweekly in months 4-9; once monthly in months 10-12)...
April 5, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375416/assault-injury-and-homicide-death-profile-in-rhode-island-2004-2014
#7
Yongwen Jiang, Megan L Ranney, Jordan Seaberry, Lynne-Marie Shea, Brian Sullivan, Samara Viner-Brown
Community violence, including assault and homicide, is a public health problem. We provide a profile of assault-related injury and homicide death in Rhode Island to better understand assault/homicide. The 2014 emergency department (ED) visit data, hospital discharge (HD) data, and 2004-2014 Rhode Island Violent Death Reporting System (RIVDRS) data were used for this study. Most assault injuries and homicide deaths were among persons who were 25-44 years old, male, black and Hispanic, living in urban regions, self-pay or public insurance user, and never married...
April 3, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346156/association-of-sleep-characteristics-with-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-risk-factors-in-a-population-sample-the-chicago-area-sleep-study
#8
Samantha E Montag, Kristen L Knutson, Phyllis C Zee, Jeffrey J Goldberger, Jason Ng, Kwang-Youn A Kim, Mercedes R Carnethon
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of sleep characteristics with prevalent hypertension, diabetes, and obesity in a multiethnic cohort. DESIGN: This study used a population-based cross-sectional study design. SETTING: Participants were recruited between 2009 and 2011 from Chicago, Illinois, and the surrounding suburbs. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 492 adults aged 35 to 64years who self-reported as white, black, Hispanic, or Asian and who had a low likelihood of sleep apnea based on the apnea screening questionnaires and 1 night of apnea screening using an in-home device (apnea hypopnea index <15 or oxygen desaturation index <10)...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329091/association-between-sleep-timing-obesity-diabetes-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol-cohort-study-sleep-timing-obesity-and-diabetes
#9
Kristen L Knutson, Donghong Wu, Sanjay R Patel, Jose S Loredo, Susan Redline, Jianwen Cai, Linda C Gallo, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Alberto R Ramos, Yanping Teng, Martha L Daviglus, Phyllis C Zee
Study Objectives: Recent studies implicate inadequate sleep duration and quality in metabolic disease. Fewer studies have examined the timing of sleep, which may be important because of its potential impact on circadian rhythms of metabolic function. We examined the association between sleep timing and metabolic risk among Hispanic/Latino adults. Methods.: Cross-sectional data from community-based study of 13,429 participants aged 18-74 years. People taking diabetes medications were excluded...
January 28, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298495/university-student-awareness-of-skin-cancer-behaviors-recognition-and-prevention
#10
Megan Trad, Lawrence Estaville
PURPOSE: Skin cancer is the most common cancer, and it often is preventable. The authors sought to evaluate behavior and knowledge regarding skin cancer among students at a Texas university. METHODS: The authors recruited a diverse group of students in terms of sex, age, and ethnicity to participate in a survey regarding knowledge of skin cancer signs, use of tanning beds, and performance of self-assessment for skin cancer. Participating students could complete surveys in classrooms, at health fairs, or online via Survey Monkey...
March 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284206/racial-ethnic-differences-in-fall-prevalence-among-older-women-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#11
Yifan Geng, Joan C Lo, Leslea Brickner, Nancy P Gordon
BACKGROUND: Falls are the leading cause of hip fracture in older women, with important public health implications. Fall risk increases with age and other clinical factors, and varies by race/ethnicity. International studies suggest that fall risk is lower in Asians, although data are limited in U.S. POPULATIONS: This study examines racial/ethnic differences in fall prevalence among older U.S. women within a large integrated healthcare delivery system. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from 6277 women ages 65-90 who responded to the 2008 or 2011 Kaiser Permanente Northern California Member Health Survey (KPNC-MHS)...
March 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277021/the-chinese-and-korean-american-immigrant-experience-a-mixed-methods-examination-of-facilitators-and-barriers-of-colorectal-cancer-screening
#12
Mary Y Jung, Cheryl L Holt, Diane Ng, Hwa J Sim, Xiaoxiao Lu, Daisy Le, Hee-Soon Juon, Jun Li, Sunmin Lee
OBJECTIVE: Among Asian Americans, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths. Despite strong evidence that screening can reduce CRC-related mortality, fewer Chinese and Koreans receive screening as compared to non-Hispanic whites and blacks. The objective of this study was to examine facilitators and barriers as well as strategies to promote CRC screening in this population. DESIGN: This study employed a mixed-methods design. We conducted 17 key informant interviews and 12 focus groups in the Washington, D...
February 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264091/racial-disparities-in-medical-student-membership-in-the-alpha-omega-alpha-honor-society
#13
Dowin Boatright, David Ross, Patrick O'Connor, Edward Moore, Marcella Nunez-Smith
Importance: Previous studies have found racial and ethnic inequities in the receipt of academic awards, such as promotions and National Institutes of Health research funding, among academic medical center faculty. Few data exist about similar racial/ethnic disparities at the level of undergraduate medical education. Objective: To examine the association between medical student race/ethnicity and induction into the Alpha Omega Alpha (AΩA) honor society. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study analyzed data from the Electronic Residency Application Service, the official service used by US medical students to apply to residency programs...
March 6, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248628/cultural-and-linguistic-adaptation-of-a-healthy-diet-text-message-intervention-for-hispanic-adults-living-in-the-united-states
#14
Linda D Cameron, Arturo Durazo, A Susana Ramírez, Roberto Corona, Mayra Ultreras, Sonia Piva
Hispanics represent a critical target for culturally adapted diet interventions. In this formative research, we translated HealthyYouTXT, an mHealth program developed by the U.S. National Cancer Institute, into HealthyYouTXT en Español, a linguistically and culturally appropriate version for Spanish speakers in the United States. We report a three-stage, mixed-methods process through which we culturally adapted the text messages, evaluated their acceptability, and revised the program based on the findings...
March 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245152/real-world-use-and-self-reported-health-outcomes-of-a-patient-designed-do-it-yourself-mobile-technology-system-for-diabetes-lessons-for-mobile-health
#15
Joyce M Lee, Mark W Newman, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Preciosa Choi, Dana Lewis, Weston Nordgren, John Costik, James Wedding, Benjamin West, Nancy Benovich Gilby, Christopher Hannemann, Josh Pasek, Ashley Garrity, Emily Hirschfeld
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare demographic/disease characteristics of users versus nonusers of a do-it-yourself (DIY) mobile technology system for diabetes (Nightscout), to describe its uses and personalization, and to evaluate associated changes in health behaviors and outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional, household-level online survey was used. Of 1268 household respondents who were members of the CGM in the Cloud Facebook group, there were 1157 individuals with diabetes who provided information about Nightscout use...
April 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239781/validation-of-the-promis-%C3%A2-measures-of-self-efficacy-for-managing-chronic-conditions
#16
Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Craig Velozo, Sergio Romero, Lisa M Shulman
PURPOSE: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System(®) (PROMIS(®)) was designed to develop, validate, and standardize item banks to measure key domains of physical, mental, and social health in chronic conditions. This paper reports the calibration and validation testing of the PROMIS Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Conditions measures. METHODS: PROMIS Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Conditions item banks comprise five domains, Self-Efficacy for Managing: Daily Activities, Symptoms, Medications and Treatments, Emotions, and Social Interactions...
February 26, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239013/recruitment-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-lifestyle-improvement-through-food-and-exercise-life-study
#17
Elizabeth Lynch, Laurin J Mack, Kelly Karavolos, Elizabeth Avery, Rebecca Liebman, Kathryn S Keim, Crystal M Glover, Leon Fogelfeld
African Americans experience poorer diabetes outcomes than non-Hispanic Whites. Few clinical trials of diabetes self-management interventions specifically target African Americans, perhaps due to well-documented barriers to recruitment in this population. This paper describes strategies used to successfully recruit 211 low-income African Americans from community clinics of a large, urban public hospital system to a randomized clinical trial of an 18-month diabetes self-management intervention. Diabetes-related physiological, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics of the sample are reported...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205551/applying-recovery-biomarkers-to-calibrate-self-report-measures-of-sodium-and-potassium-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#18
Y Mossavar-Rahmani, D Sotres-Alvarez, W W Wong, C M Loria, M D Gellman, L Van Horn, M H Alderman, J M Beasley, C M Lora, A M Siega-Riz, R C Kaplan, P A Shaw
Measurement error in assessment of sodium and potassium intake obscures associations with health outcomes. The level of this error in a diverse US Hispanic/Latino population is unknown. We investigated the measurement error in self-reported dietary intake of sodium and potassium and examined differences by background (Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican and South American). In 2010-2012, we studied 447 participants aged 18-74 years from four communities (Miami, Bronx, Chicago and San Diego), obtaining objective 24-h urinary sodium and potassium excretion measures...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188745/pregnancy-context-and-women-s-health-related-quality-of-life
#19
Aileen Gariepy, Lisbet S Lundsberg, Nicole Vilardo, Nancy Stanwood, Kimberly Yonkers, Eleanor B Schwarz
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to quantify the association of pregnancy context and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). STUDY DESIGN: English- or Spanish-speaking women, aged 16-44, with pregnancies <24 weeks' gestation were enrolled in this cross-sectional study between June 2014 and June 2015. Participants completed self-assessments of pregnancy "context," including timing, intention, wantedness, desirability, happiness, and planning (measured with the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy)...
February 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175980/spine-fracture-prevalence-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-women-and-men-aged-%C3%A2-40-years-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2013-2014
#20
F Cosman, J H Krege, A C Looker, J T Schousboe, B Fan, N Sarafrazi Isfahani, J A Shepherd, K D Krohn, P Steiger, K E Wilson, H K Genant
Spine fracture prevalence is similar in men and women, increasing from <5 % in those <60 to 11 % in those 70-79 and 18 % in those ≥80 years. Prevalence was higher with age, lower bone mineral density (BMD), and in those meeting criteria for spine imaging. Most subjects with spine fractures were unaware of them. INTRODUCTION: Spine fractures have substantial medical significance but are seldom recognized. This study collected contemporary nationally representative spine fracture prevalence data...
February 7, 2017: Osteoporosis International
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