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Hispanic* AND self-reported health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817745/association-of-vision-loss-with-cognition-in-older-adults
#1
Stephanie P Chen, Jay Bhattacharya, Suzann Pershing
Importance: Visual dysfunction and poor cognition are highly prevalent among older adults; however, the relationship is not well defined. Objective: To evaluate the association of measured and self-reported visual impairment (VI) with cognition in older US adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional analysis of 2 national data sets: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2002, and the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), 2011-2015...
August 17, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803784/race-ethnic-disparities-in-cardiometabolic-risk-profiles-among-stroke-survivors-with-undiagnosed-diabetes-and-prediabetes-in-the-united-states
#2
Okkyung Kim, Bruce Ovbiagele, Natalie Valle, Daniela Markovic, Amytis Towfighi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Up to 25% of the U.S. population has undiagnosed diabetes. Diabetes and stroke both disproportionately afflict race/ethnic minorities. We assessed race/ethnic differences in the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes, prediabetes, and cardiometabolic risk profiles among stroke survivors in the United States. METHODS: The prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes among adults (≥20 years) with a self-reported history of stroke was assessed using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) from 1999 to 2010...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799847/the-willingness-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-boston-to-use-a-supervised-injection-facility
#3
Casey León, Lena Cardoso, Sarah Mackin, Barry Bock, Jessie M Gaeta
BACKGROUND: In Massachusetts, the number of opioid-related deaths has increased 350% since 2000. In the setting of increasing overdose deaths, one potential intervention is Supervised Injection Facilities (SIFs). This study explores willingness of people who inject drugs in Boston to use a SIF and examines factors associated with willingness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 237 people who inject drugs and utilize Boston's needle exchange program (NEP)...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780772/prophylaxis-use-among-males-with-haemophilia-b-in-the-united-states
#4
M Ullman, Q C Zhang, S D Grosse, M Recht, J M Soucie
INTRODUCTION: Prophylaxis is considered the optimal treatment for persons with moderate to severe haemophilia (factor activity between 1-5% of normal and <1% of normal respectively) in countries where safe factor concentrates are available and economically feasible. Historically, prophylactic treatment has not been well studied in the haemophilia B (HB) population due to difficulties in obtaining a sufficiently large sample. AIM: This study examines the prevalence of prophylaxis use among a robust sample of persons with HB in the United States and its association with specific demographic and clinical characteristics...
August 6, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770297/barriers-to-seeking-care-for-urinary-incontinence-in-mexican-american-women
#5
Veronica T Mallett, Anna M Jezari, Thelma Carrillo, Sheralyn Sanchez, Zuber D Mulla
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The majority of epidemiologic studies of urinary incontinence (UI) have been conducted in non-Hispanic populations. We conducted a case-control study to identify factors associated with delayed care-seeking behavior in adult Mexican American women with UI. METHODS: Cases were women with UI who sought care >2 years after the onset of symptoms (delayed care group). Controls were women with UI who sought care ≤2 years after the onset of symptoms...
August 2, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767517/accuracy-of-self-reported-weight-in-hispanic-latino-adults-of-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#6
Lindsay Fernández-Rhodes, Whitney R Robinson, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Nora Franceschini, Sheila F Castañeda, Christina Buelna, Ashley Moncrieft, Maria Llabre, Martha L Daviglus, Qibin Qi, Anita Agarwal, Carmen R Isasi, Paul Smokowski, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Kari E North
BACKGROUND: Previous United States (U.S.) population-based studies have found that body weight may be underestimated when self-reported. However, this research may not apply to all U.S. Hispanics/Latinos, many of whom are immigrants with distinct cultural orientations to ideal body size. We assessed the data quality and accuracy of self-reported weight in a diverse, community-based, U.S. sample of primarily foreign-born Hispanic/Latino adults. METHODS: Using baseline data (2008-2011) from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), we described the difference between contemporaneous self-reported and measured current body weight (n=16,119) and used multivariate adjusted models to establish whether the observed trends in misreporting in potential predictors of inaccuracy persisted after adjustment for other predictors...
July 31, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762379/characterizing-normal-bowel-frequency-and-consistency-in-a-representative-sample-of-adults-in-the-united-states-nhanes
#7
Shuji Mitsuhashi, Sarah Ballou, Zhenghui G Jiang, William Hirsch, Judy Nee, Johanna Iturrino, Vivian Cheng, Anthony Lembo
OBJECTIVES: Our current understanding of normal bowel patterns in the United States (US) is limited. Available studies have included individuals with both normal and abnormal bowel patterns, making it difficult to characterize normal bowel patterns in the US. The current study aims to (1) examine frequency and consistency in individuals with self-reported normal bowel habits and (2) determine demographic factors associated with self-reported normalcy. METHODS: This study used data from adult participants who completed bowel health questions as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2009-2010 and who reported normal bowel patterns (N=4,775)...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761660/association-of-the-dash-dietary-pattern-with-insulin-resistance-and-diabetes-in-us-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#8
Leonor Corsino, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Nicole M Butera, Anna María Siega-Riz, Cristina Palacios, Cynthia M Pérez, Sandra S Albrecht, Rebecca A Espinoza Giacinto, Marisa Judith Perera, Linda Van Horn, M Larissa Avilés-Santa
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between diet quality and both diabetes status and insulin resistance in Hispanic/Latino adults, and the extent to which differences in diet quality contribute to differences in outcomes across Hispanic/Latino heritage. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Data are from 15 942 individuals enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Diet was ascertained using two 24-hour dietary recalls, and diet quality was measured using the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score (range: 0-80, lowest to highest)...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759007/generating-diversity-in-human-glucocorticoid-signaling-through-a-racially-diverse-polymorphism-in-the-beta-isoform-of-the-glucocorticoid-receptor
#9
Shannon D Whirledge, Christine M Jewell, Lisa M Barber, Xiaojiang Xu, Kevin S Katen, Stavros Garantziotis, John A Cidlowski
Alternative splicing of the human glucocorticoid receptor gene generates two isoforms, hGRα and hGRβ. hGRβ functions as a dominant-negative regulator of hGRα activity and but also has inherent transcriptional activity, collectively altering glucocorticoid sensitivity. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the 3' UTR of hGRβ have been associated with altered receptor protein expression, glucocorticoid sensitivity, and disease risk. Characterization of the hGRβ G3134T polymorphism has been limited to a relatively small, homogenous population...
July 31, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752331/the-association-of-neighborhood-context-with-health-outcomes-among-ethnic-minority-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
Chenkai Wu, Kimlin Tam Ashing, Veronica C Jones, Lisa Barcelo
While individual-level determinants of health, such as education and income, have been well documented among breast cancer survivors, little is known about the role of neighborhood context on survivorship outcomes among this population. The present study examined the association of neighborhood stress with multiple health outcomes among ethnic minority breast cancer survivors (BCS). A mixed-methods approach was used to recruit 320 African-American and Hispanic BCS who were 26-89 years and lived in metropolitan Los Angeles, CA...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748300/psychological-distress-of-ethnically-diverse-adult-caregivers-in-the-california-health-interview-survey
#11
Oanh L Meyer, Xiaoyan Liu, Thuc-Nhi Nguyen, Ladson Hinton, Daniel Tancredi
This study examined factors associated with psychological distress for culturally diverse family caregivers using a population-based sample. Data were analyzed from the 6634 caregivers of adults (i.e. elderly as well as non-elderly) who self-reported as non-Hispanic White, Mexican, Chinese, or Vietnamese in the 2009 California Health Interview Survey. Simple and multiple regression analyses were conducted to assess the potential influence of race/ethnicity, caregiving context, and social contextual variables on psychological distress...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742913/the-effect-of-nursing-quality-improvement-and-mobile-health-interventions-on-infant-sleep-practices-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rachel Y Moon, Fern R Hauck, Eve R Colson, Ann L Kellams, Nicole L Geller, Timothy Heeren, Stephen M Kerr, Emily E Drake, Kawai Tanabe, Mary McClain, Michael J Corwin
Importance: Inadequate adherence to recommendations known to reduce the risk of sudden unexpected infant death has contributed to a slowing in the decline of these deaths. Objective: To assess the effectiveness of 2 interventions separately and combined to promote infant safe sleep practices compared with control interventions. Design, Setting, and Participants: Four-group cluster randomized clinical trial of mothers of healthy term newborns who were recruited between March 2015 and May 2016 at 16 US hospitals with more than 100 births annually...
July 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739148/food-insecurity-and-adult-overweight-obesity-gender-and-race-ethnic-disparities
#13
Daphne C Hernandez, Layton M Reesor, Rosenda Murillo
The majority of the food insecurity-obesity research has indicated a positive association among women, especially minority women. Less research has been conducted on men, and the findings are inconsistent. The aim was to assess whether gender and race/ethnic disparities exists between the food insecurity and overweight/obesity relationship among adults ages 18-59. We used the cross-sectional 2011 and 2012 National Health Interview Survey data (N = 19,990). Three or more affirmative responses on the 10-item USDA Food Security Scale indicated food insecure experiences...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733341/activity-limitations-and-subjective-well-being-after-stroke
#14
Darin B Zahuranec, Lesli E Skolarus, Chunyang Feng, Vicki A Freedman, James F Burke
OBJECTIVE: As limitations in activities of daily living are major components of many stroke outcome scales, we examined how well activity limitations predicted subjective well-being among stroke survivors in a nationally representative survey. METHODS: Individuals with a self-reported history of stroke were identified from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. Subjective well-being (primary outcome) was assessed with a validated 7-item measure (higher = greater well-being) assessing emotions (cheerful, bored, full of life, and upset) and self-realization (purpose in life, self-acceptance, and environmental mastery)...
July 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728527/antiretroviral-nonadherence-and-condomless-sex-in-the-hiv-outpatient-study-usa-2007-2014
#15
M D Durham, R Hart, K Buchacz, J Hammer, B Young, D Yang, K Wood, B Yangco, J T Brooks
Effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces plasma HIV RNA viral load (VL) to undetectable levels and its effectiveness depends on consistent adherence. Consistent adherence and use of safe sex practices may substantially decrease the risk of HIV transmission. We sought to explore the potential association between self-reported nonadherence to ART and engaging in unsafe sexual practices capable of transmitting HIV. Using clinical and audio computer-assisted self-interview data from the prospective HIV Outpatient Study from 2007 to 2014, we assessed the frequency of self-reported ART nonadherence during the three days prior to the survey among HIV-infected persons in care and factors associated with self-reported ART nonadherence...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709161/roles-of-medication-responsibility-executive-and-adaptive-functioning-in-adherence-for-children-and-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv
#16
Patricia A Garvie, Sean S Brummel, Susannah M Allison, Kathleen M Malee, Claude A Mellins, Megan L Wilkins, Lynnette L Harris, E Doyle Patton, Miriam C Chernoff, Richard M Rutstein, Mary E Paul, Sharon L Nichols
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is a critical but challenging developmental task for children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV). Understanding how medication responsibility, executive functions (EFs) and adaptive functioning (AF) influence adherence may help prepare adolescents for transition to adulthood. METHODS: Participants included PHIV children and adolescents 7-16 years of age enrolled in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study Adolescent Master Protocol, who were prescribed antiretroviral medications...
August 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700663/predictors-and-long-term-health-outcomes-of-eating-disorders
#17
Katie M O'Brien, Denis R Whelan, Dale P Sandler, Janet E Hall, Clarice R Weinberg
Anorexia and bulimia nervosa may have long-term effects on overall and reproductive health. We studied predictors of self-reported eating disorders and associations with later health events. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) for these associations in 47,759 participants from the Sister Study. Two percent (n = 967) of participants reported a history of an eating disorder. Risk factors included being non-Hispanic white, having well-educated parents, recent birth cohort (OR = 2.16, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697101/estimating-gestational-age-from-ultrasound-fetal-biometrics
#18
Daniel W Skupski, John Owen, Sungduk Kim, Karin M Fuchs, Paul S Albert, Katherine L Grantz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of a new formula with one developed in 1984 (and still in common use) and to develop and compare racial and ethnic-specific and racial and ethnic-neutral formulas. METHODS: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons was a prospective cohort study that recruited women in four self-reported racial-ethnic groups-non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and Asian-with singleton gestations from 12 U...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695426/influenza-vaccination-beliefs-and-practices-in-elderly-primary-care-patients
#19
Sharon Rikin, Vanessa Scott, Steven Shea, Philip LaRussa, Melissa S Stockwell
The majority of influenza related deaths and hospitalizations occur among individuals ≥65 years, yet the national influenza vaccination rate for this group is 63% and is lower in the Hispanic population. Previous studies have described negative predictors of vaccination; however, there is a knowledge gap of how influenza vaccine-specific beliefs affect vaccination rates. We examined the relationship between influenza vaccine health beliefs and vaccination behaviors in a cross sectional sample of 200 primarily Hispanic patients aged ≥65 years in an academic general internal medicine clinic...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692576/associations-between-maternal-mental-health-and-well-being-and-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-children
#20
Jaclyn P Maher, Chaelin Ra, Sydney G OʼConnor, Britni R Belcher, Adam Leventhal, Gayla Margolin, Genevieve F Dunton
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed whether aspects of maternal mental health and well-being were associated with objective monitor-based measures of child's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and the extent to which household structure (i.e., single- vs multigenerational/dual-parent) and maternal employment (i.e., full-time vs not full-time) moderated those associations. METHODS: Dyads (N = 191) of mothers and their 8- to 12-year-old children participated in the baseline wave of the Mother's and Their Children's Health study...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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