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Hispanic* AND self-reported health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923169/self-care-difficulties-and-reliance-on-support-among-vulnerable-middle-aged-and-older-adults-with-chronic-conditions-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Matthew Lee Smith, Caroline D Bergeron, Seth D Riggle, Lu Meng, Samuel D Towne, SangNam Ahn, Marcia G Ory
OBJECTIVES: Chronic conditions are pervasive among middle-aged and older adults. This study identified: (1) factors associated with participants reporting difficulties self-managing their chronic condition(s); and (2) factors associated with participants' reliance on external sources for ongoing help and support to improve their health and manage their health conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected using the National Council on Aging Chronic Care Survey, a nationally representative telephone survey of adults aged 45 years and older with at least one chronic condition...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915227/dietary-sodium-intake-among-us-adults-with-hypertension-1999-2012
#2
Elena V Dolmatova, Kasra Moazzami, Sameer Bansilal
OBJECTIVE: Excess sodium consumption has strong links with hypertension and cardiovascular disease with Food and Drug Association calling to limit sodium intake. However, little is known regarding the trends of sodium intake among hypertensive patients in the United States. METHODS: Data from The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2012) were used to identify adults older than 20 years with self-reported hypertension. Sodium intake was measured through 24-h dietary recall...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912114/understanding-the-natural-progression-of-spina-bifida-prospective-study
#3
Judy Thibadeau, Matthew R Reeder, Jennifer Andrews, Katherine Ong, Marcia L Feldkamp, Sydney Rice, Ann Alriksson-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida (SB) is monitored through birth defects surveillance across the United States and in most developed countries. Although much is known about the management of SB and its many comorbid conditions in affected individuals, there are few systematic, longitudinal studies on population-based cohorts of children or adults. The natural history of SB across the life course of persons with this condition is not well documented. Earlier identification of comorbidities and secondary conditions could allow for earlier intervention that might enhance the developmental trajectory for children with SB...
September 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893118/emotional-and-behavioral-health-needs-in-elementary-school-students-in-an-underserved-hispanic-community
#4
Yuqing Guo, Julie Rousseau, Anna S Hsu, Priscilla Kehoe, Monique Daviss, Sara Flores, Patricia Renno, Kathleen Saunders, Susanne Phillips, Lorraine S Evangelista
High rates of mental health problems in adolescents have been well documented; less is known about elementary school children in disadvantaged communities. We examined emotional and behavioral health needs in 202 third and fourth graders enrolled in a charter school in a largely Hispanic community. The child-reported Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-25 and Teacher's Report Form were used to evaluate mental health needs as perceived by these children and their teachers. The prevalence of teacher-reported depression and child self-reported anxiety was 7...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886664/effectiveness-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-and-prolonged-exposure-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs
#5
Benjamin T Rutt, Mary E Oehlert, Thomas S Krieshok, James W Lichtenberg
Objective This study evaluated the effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure in conditions reflective of current clinical practice within the Veterans Health Administration. Method This study involved a retrospective review of 2030 charts. A total of 750 veterans from 10 U.S. states who received cognitive processing therapy or prolonged exposure in individual psychotherapy were included in the study (participants in cognitive processing therapy, N = 376; participants in prolonged exposure, N = 374)...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885952/military-sexual-trauma-in-female-veterans-is-associated-with-chronic-pain-conditions
#6
Sara B Cichowski, Rebecca G Rogers, Elizabeth A Clark, Erin Murata, Allison Murata, Glen Murata
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of MST on chronic pain conditions among female Veterans. The primary objective of this study was to compare the prevalence of chronic pain conditions among U.S. female veterans with a history of military sexual trauma (MST) to those without a history of MST. We anticipated that female Veterans with a history of MST would have higher associations with chronic pain conditions than the female Veterans without a history of MST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a large-scale, retrospective study using the Veterans' Health Administration Corporate Data Warehouse with institutional approval (15-H175)...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877552/diabetes-affects-everything-type-2-diabetes-self-management-among-spanish-speaking-hispanic-immigrants
#7
Cheryl A Smith-Miller, Diane C Berry, Cass T Miller
This article is a report of qualitative findings of a mixed-methods study of the relationships among knowledge, self-efficacy, health promoting behaviors, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management among limited-english-proficient recent Hispanic immigrants, a population with increased incidence of T2DM and barriers to successful T2DM management. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 participants, and physiological and demographic data also were collected. The participants generally attributed developing the disease to strong emotions and viewed T2DM as a serious disease...
September 6, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862879/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-hispanics-a-9-year-update
#8
Alejandro Díaz, Bartolomé Celli, Juan C Celedón
Hispanics are the largest minority in the U.S., now encompassing 56.6 million people. A Hispanic or Latino is an individual whose ancestry can be traced to Spain or territories previously under Spanish control. The Hispanic population in the U.S. and Latin America is very diverse for country of origin, nativity, and racial ancestry. Over the last nine years, our knowledge of COPD in Hispanics has improved, due to a better understanding of differences in COPD burden and risk factors across Hispanic subgroups, development of subgroup-specific spirometry reference equations, genetic studies, and better knowledge of barriers and needs in the diagnosis and management of COPD in the Hispanic population...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830660/population-characteristics-associated-with-pharmacy-based-influenza-vaccination-in-united-states-survey-data
#9
Sushmitha Inguva, Jessica M Sautter, Grace J Chun, Brandon J Patterson, William F McGhan
OBJECTIVES: To examine the population characteristics associated with the health behavior of receiving an influenza vaccine from a pharmacy-based setting. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from states that participated in an optional influenza module in the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a state-based observational survey of U.S. adults. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Analytic sample of 28,954 respondents from 8 states and Puerto Rico who reported receiving an influenza vaccination in the past year...
August 19, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827821/willingness-of-community-recruited-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-washington-dc-to-use-long-acting-injectable-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis
#10
Matthew E Levy, Rudy Patrick, Jonjelyn Gamble, Anthony Rawls, Jenevieve Opoku, Manya Magnus, Michael Kharfen, Alan E Greenberg, Irene Kuo
OBJECTIVES: Clinical trials are currently investigating the safety and efficacy of long-acting injectable (LAI) agents as HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Using National HIV Behavioral Surveillance data, we assessed the self-reported willingness of men who have sex with men (MSM) to use LAI PrEP and their preference for LAI versus daily oral PrEP. METHODS: In 2014, venue-based sampling was used to recruit MSM aged ≥18 years in Washington, DC. Participants completed an interviewer-administered survey followed by voluntary HIV testing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822562/underuse-of-effective-cardiac-medications-among-women-middle-aged-adults-and-racial-ethnic-minorities-with-coronary-artery-disease-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-to-2014
#11
Hoang V Tran, Molly E Waring, David D McManus, Nathaniel Erskine, Van T H Do, Catarina I Kiefe, Robert J Goldberg
Given the proven effectiveness of several cardiac medications for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), we examined the national use of 4 classes of effective medications, overall and by age, sex, and race/ethnicity in 2005 to 2014. We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, including a self-reported diagnosis of CAD and independently verified medication use. Weighting procedures extrapolated our data to the adult US population with CAD. Analyses included 1,789 US adults aged ≥45 years with a history of CAD...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821469/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-middle-school-gender-violence-prevention-program-design-rationale-and-sample-characteristics
#12
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Samantha Ciaravino, Lisa Ripper, Taylor Paglisotti, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Melanie Grafals, Courtney Van Dusen, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: High rates of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) and sexual violence (SV) reported among adolescents point to the need for prevention among middle school-age youth. This is a cluster randomized controlled trial to test an athletic coach-delivered ARA/SV prevention program in 41 middle schools (38 clusters). Trained coaches talk to their male athletes about 1) what constitutes harmful vs. respectful relationship behaviors, 2) dispelling myths that glorify male sexual aggression and promoting more gender-equitable attitudes, and 3) positive bystander intervention when aggressive male behaviors toward females are witnessed...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817745/association-of-vision-loss-with-cognition-in-older-adults
#13
Stephanie P Chen, Jay Bhattacharya, Suzann Pershing
Importance: Visual dysfunction and poor cognition are highly prevalent among older adults; however, the relationship is not well defined. Objective: To evaluate the association of measured and self-reported visual impairment (VI) with cognition in older US adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cross-sectional analysis of 2 national data sets: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2002, and the National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS), 2011-2015...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803784/race-ethnic-disparities-in-cardiometabolic-risk-profiles-among-stroke-survivors-with-undiagnosed-diabetes-and-prediabetes-in-the-united-states
#14
Okkyung Kim, Bruce Ovbiagele, Natalie Valle, Daniela Markovic, Amytis Towfighi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Up to 25% of the U.S. population has undiagnosed diabetes. Diabetes and stroke both disproportionately afflict race/ethnic minorities. We assessed race/ethnic differences in the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes, prediabetes, and cardiometabolic risk profiles among stroke survivors in the United States. METHODS: The prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes among adults (≥20 years) with a self-reported history of stroke was assessed using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) from 1999 to 2010...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799847/the-willingness-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-boston-to-use-a-supervised-injection-facility
#15
Casey León, Lena Cardoso, Sarah Mackin, Barry Bock, Jessie M Gaeta
BACKGROUND: In Massachusetts, the number of opioid-related deaths has increased 350% since 2000. In the setting of increasing overdose deaths, one potential intervention is supervised injection facilities (SIFs). This study explores willingness of people who inject drugs in Boston to use a SIF and examines factors associated with willingness. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 237 people who inject drugs and utilize Boston's needle exchange program (NEP)...
August 11, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780772/prophylaxis-use-among-males-with-haemophilia-b-in-the-united-states
#16
M Ullman, Q C Zhang, S D Grosse, M Recht, J M Soucie
INTRODUCTION: Prophylaxis is considered the optimal treatment for persons with moderate to severe haemophilia (factor activity between 1-5% of normal and <1% of normal respectively) in countries where safe factor concentrates are available and economically feasible. Historically, prophylactic treatment has not been well studied in the haemophilia B (HB) population due to difficulties in obtaining a sufficiently large sample. AIM: This study examines the prevalence of prophylaxis use among a robust sample of persons with HB in the United States and its association with specific demographic and clinical characteristics...
August 6, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770297/barriers-to-seeking-care-for-urinary-incontinence-in-mexican-american-women
#17
Veronica T Mallett, Anna M Jezari, Thelma Carrillo, Sheralyn Sanchez, Zuber D Mulla
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The majority of epidemiologic studies of urinary incontinence (UI) have been conducted in non-Hispanic populations. We conducted a case-control study to identify factors associated with delayed care-seeking behavior in adult Mexican American women with UI. METHODS: Cases were women with UI who sought care >2 years after the onset of symptoms (delayed care group). Controls were women with UI who sought care ≤2 years after the onset of symptoms...
August 2, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767517/accuracy-of-self-reported-weight-in-hispanic-latino-adults-of-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#18
Lindsay Fernández-Rhodes, Whitney R Robinson, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Nora Franceschini, Sheila F Castañeda, Christina Buelna, Ashley Moncrieft, Maria Llabre, Martha L Daviglus, Qibin Qi, Anita Agarwal, Carmen R Isasi, Paul Smokowski, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Kari E North
BACKGROUND: Previous United States (U.S.) population-based studies have found that body weight may be underestimated when self-reported. However, this research may not apply to all U.S. Hispanics/Latinos, many of whom are immigrants with distinct cultural orientations to ideal body size. We assessed the data quality and accuracy of self-reported weight in a diverse, community-based, U.S. sample of primarily foreign-born Hispanic/Latino adults. METHODS: Using baseline data (2008-2011) from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), we described the difference between contemporaneous self-reported and measured current body weight (n=16,119) and used multivariate adjusted models to establish whether the observed trends in misreporting in potential predictors of inaccuracy persisted after adjustment for other predictors...
July 31, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762379/characterizing-normal-bowel-frequency-and-consistency-in-a-representative-sample-of-adults-in-the-united-states-nhanes
#19
Shuji Mitsuhashi, Sarah Ballou, Zhenghui G Jiang, William Hirsch, Judy Nee, Johanna Iturrino, Vivian Cheng, Anthony Lembo
OBJECTIVES: Our current understanding of normal bowel patterns in the United States (US) is limited. Available studies have included individuals with both normal and abnormal bowel patterns, making it difficult to characterize normal bowel patterns in the US. The current study aims to (1) examine frequency and consistency in individuals with self-reported normal bowel habits and (2) determine demographic factors associated with self-reported normalcy. METHODS: This study used data from adult participants who completed bowel health questions as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2009-2010 and who reported normal bowel patterns (N=4,775)...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761660/association-of-the-dash-dietary-pattern-with-insulin-resistance-and-diabetes-in-us-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#20
Leonor Corsino, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Nicole M Butera, Anna María Siega-Riz, Cristina Palacios, Cynthia M Pérez, Sandra S Albrecht, Rebecca A Espinoza Giacinto, Marisa Judith Perera, Linda Van Horn, M Larissa Avilés-Santa
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between diet quality and both diabetes status and insulin resistance in Hispanic/Latino adults, and the extent to which differences in diet quality contribute to differences in outcomes across Hispanic/Latino heritage. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Data are from 15 942 individuals enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Diet was ascertained using two 24-hour dietary recalls, and diet quality was measured using the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) score (range: 0-80, lowest to highest)...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
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