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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753937/os-06-02-multiple-antihypertensive-medication-use-resistant-hypertension-and-outcomes-in-the-united-states-findings-from-nhanes-1988-to-2012
#1
Longjian Liu, Jessica Dow, Barbara Simon, Howard Eisen
OBJECTIVE: Multiple medication use in patients with hypertension (HTN) is a common clinical problem faced by both primary and specialists. Patients who remain to have higher BP in spite of the concurrent use of 3 antihypertensive agents of different classes are defined as resistant hypertension (RH). In the study we aimed to identify the prevalence of RH, and examined its association with mortality from all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD). DESIGN AND METHOD: Data from the U...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749093/readability-and-suitability-of-spanish-language-hypertension-and-diabetes-patient-education-materials
#2
Carol J Howe, Donelle M Barnes, Griselle B Estrada, Ignacio Godinez
Hispanics who speak Spanish are at risk for low health literacy. We evaluated Spanish language hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) patient education materials from U.S. federal agency public sector sources using the Suitability of Assessment (SAM) instrument. Mean readability for HTN materials was grade 7.9 and for DM materials was grade 6.6. Mean SAM score for HTN materials was 43.9 and for DM materials was 63.2. SAM scores were significantly better for DM than for HTN materials in overall score, content, graphics, layout, stimulation/motivation, and cultural appropriateness (p < ...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643332/os-06-02-multiple-antihypertensive-medication-use-resistant-hypertension-and-outcomes-in-the-united-states-findings-from-nhanes-1988-to-2012
#3
Longjian Liu, Jessica Dow, Barbara Simon, Howard Eisen
OBJECTIVE: Multiple medication use in patients with hypertension (HTN) is a common clinical problem faced by both primary and specialists. Patients who remain to have higher BP in spite of the concurrent use of 3 antihypertensive agents of different classes are defined as resistant hypertension (RH). In the study we aimed to identify the prevalence of RH, and examined its association with mortality from all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD). DESIGN AND METHOD: Data from the U...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440973/hypertension-prevalence-in-new-york-city-adults-unmasking-undetected-racial-ethnic-variation-nyc-hanes-2004
#4
Ashley E Giambrone, Linda M Gerber, Jesica S Rodriguez-Lopez, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Nadia Islam, Lorna E Thorpe
OBJECTIVE: Using 2004 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NYC HANES) data, we sought to examine variation in hypertension (HTN) prevalence across eight Asian and Hispanic subgroups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: New York City, 2004. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Logistic regression was performed to identify differences in HTN prevalence between ethnic subgroups controlling for age, sex, education and BMI...
2016: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271075/health-care-access-utilization-and-management-in-adult-chinese-koreans-and-vietnamese-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-hypertension
#5
Hoang Tran, Van Do, Lorena Baccaglini
BACKGROUND: Asians are often pooled together when evaluating disparities in health care indicators (access, utilization, and management), though substantial variation may exist across different Asian ethnicities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare health care indicators among Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, and non-Hispanic white (NHW) adults with cardiovascular disease and hypertension (CVD/HTN). METHODS: We analyzed health care indicators using multivariable logistic regression in a sample of Asians and NHWs with CVD/HTN from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)...
June 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137760/hypertension-and-ethnicity
#6
Amanda Bennett, Parham Parto, Selim R Krim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite its continued increase in prevalence in minorities, data regarding hypertension (HTN) control among such ethnic groups remains limited. This review highlights the most recent literature on the epidemiology, prevalence, and treatment strategies of HTN among four racial groups (non-Hispanic Whites (NHW), Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians). RECENT FINDINGS: Overall awareness and treatment of HTN were found to be higher in blacks when compared with NHWs...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27124184/association-of-baseline-depressive-symptoms-with-prevalent-and-incident-pre-hypertension-and-hypertension-in-postmenopausal-hispanic-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#7
Ruth E Zambrana, Lenny López, Gniesha Y Dinwiddie, Roberta M Ray, Charles B Eaton, Lawrence S Phillips, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller
BACKGROUND: Depression and depressive symptoms are risk factors for hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Hispanic women have higher rates of depressive symptoms compared to other racial/ethnic groups yet few studies have investigated its association with incident prehypertension and hypertension among postmenopausal Hispanic women. This study aims to assess if an association exists between baseline depression and incident hypertension at 3 years follow-up among postmenopausal Hispanic women...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26475177/a-prevalent-caveolin-1-gene-variant-is-associated-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-caucasians-and-hispanics
#8
Rene Baudrand, Mark O Goodarzi, Anand Vaidya, Patricia C Underwood, Jonathan S Williams, Xavier Jeunemaitre, Paul N Hopkins, Nancy Brown, Benjamin A Raby, Jessica Lasky-Su, Gail K Adler, Jinrui Cui, Xiuqing Guo, Kent D Taylor, Yii-Der I Chen, Anny Xiang, Leslie J Raffel, Thomas A Buchanan, Jerome I Rotter, Gordon H Williams, Luminita H Pojoga
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: We examined whether a prevalent caveolin-1 gene (CAV1) variant, previously related to insulin resistance, is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included subjects genotyped for the CAV1 variant rs926198 from two cohorts: 735 Caucasians from the HyperPATH multicenter study, and 810 Hispanic participants from the HTN-IR cohort. RESULTS: Minor allele carriers from HyperPATH cohort (57% of subjects) had higher Framingham risk scores, higher odds of diabetes (10...
December 2015: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26351774/use-of-health-care-system-supplied-aspirin-by-veterans-with-postoperative-heart-attack-or-unstable-angina
#9
Cathleen M Rivera, Laurel A Copeland, Catherine J McNeal, Eric M Mortensen, Mary J Pugh, Daniel J MacCarthy
Evidence-based guidelines for the use of aspirin in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease events are well established. Despite this, the prevalence of aspirin use for secondary prevention is suboptimal. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of aspirin use for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease events when it is dispensed as a prescription, as is performed in the Veterans Affairs (VA) managed care system. VA patients who had undergone major surgery and experienced a postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) or unstable angina between the years 2005 and 2009 were identified from administrative databases...
October 2015: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26341116/the-metabolic-syndrome-and-diabetes-mellitus-as-predictors-of-thoracic-aortic-calcification-as-detected-by-non-contrast-computed-tomography-in-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#10
R Katz, M J Budoff, K D O'Brien, N D Wong, K Nasir
AIMS: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of low levels of HDL cholesterol, hyperglycaemia, high waist circumference, hypertension and elevated triglycerides, and is associated with cardiovascular disease. Calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the thoracic aorta (TAC), measured by non-contrast cardiac computed tomography (CT) scans, is a marker for atherosclerosis and relates to mortality. We sought to evaluate the independent association of MetS and TAC on cardiac CT scans. METHODS: We examined the relation of the MetS, and each of its components, to the prevalence of TAC, measured from 2000 to 2002 in 6778 white, Chinese, African-American and Hispanic participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)...
July 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26340663/patient-reported-communication-quality-and-perceived-discrimination-in-maternity-care
#11
Laura Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil
BACKGROUND: High-quality communication and a positive patient-provider relationship are aspects of patient-centered care, a crucial component of quality. We assessed racial/ethnic disparities in patient-reported communication problems and perceived discrimination in maternity care among women nationally and measured racial/ethnic variation in the correlates of these outcomes. METHODS: Data for this analysis came from the Listening to Mothers III survey, a national sample of women who gave birth to a singleton baby in a US hospital in 2011-2012...
October 2015: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26315531/hypertension-in-pregnancy-and-future-cardiovascular-event-risk-in-siblings
#12
Tracey L Weissgerber, Stephen T Turner, Thomas H Mosley, Sharon L R Kardia, Craig L Hanis, Natasa M Milic, Vesna D Garovic
Hypertension in pregnancy is a risk factor for future hypertension and cardiovascular disease. This may reflect an underlying familial predisposition or persistent damage caused by the hypertensive pregnancy. We sought to isolate the effect of hypertension in pregnancy by comparing the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in women who had hypertension in pregnancy and their sisters who did not using the dataset from the Genetic Epidemiology Network of Arteriopathy study, which examined the genetics of hypertension in white, black, and Hispanic siblings...
March 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26299467/longitudinal-differences-in-sleep-duration-in-hispanic-and-caucasian-children
#13
Daniel Combs, James L Goodwin, Stuart F Quan, Wayne J Morgan, Sairam Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Short sleep duration is associated with significant negative consequences, including poor school performance, behavioral problems, obesity, and hypertension. There is prior evidence that there are disparities in sleep duration related to ethnicity; however, there are no specific data on Hispanic children. We aimed to test the hypothesis that there are ethnic differences in parent-reported sleep duration in a community-based cohort of Hispanic and Caucasian children...
February 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26288910/migratory-implications-for-coronary-heart-disease-risk-prevention-in-asian-indians-evidence-from-the-leading-health-indicators
#14
REVIEW
Ritin Fernandez, Bronwyn Everett, Charmaine Miranda, John X Rolley, Rohan Rajaratnam, Patricia M Davidson
OBJECTIVEctives of this descriptive comparative study were to (1) review data obtained from the World Health Organisation Statistical Information System (WHOSIS) database relating to the prevalence of risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) among Indians and Australians and (2) compare these data with published epidemiological studies of CHD riskfactors in adult migrant Asian Indians to provide a comprehensive and comparable assessment of risk factors relating to CHD and the mortality attributable to these risk factors...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265993/gastric-polyps-association-with-helicobacter-pylori-status-and-the-pathology-of-the-surrounding-mucosa-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Sherif Elhanafi, Mohammed Saadi, Wynee Lou, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Alok Dwivedi, Marc Zuckerman, Mohamed O Othman
AIM: To assess the endoscopic characteristics of gastric polyps and their association with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) status in a predominantly Hispanic population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all esophagogastroduodenoscopies performed at our institution. Demographic, endoscopic and histopathological data were reviewed. Categorization of patients into Hispanic and Non-Hispanic was based on self-identification. Patients without resection/biopsy were not included in the analysis...
August 10, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26260281/the-association-of-refractive-error-with-glaucoma-in-a-multiethnic-population
#16
Ling Shen, Ronald B Melles, Ravikanth Metlapally, Lisa Barcellos, Catherine Schaefer, Neil Risch, Lisa J Herrinton, Christine Wildsoet, Eric Jorgenson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between refractive error and the prevalence of glaucoma by race or ethnicity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Kaiser Permanente Northern California Health Plan members with refractive error measured at 35 years of age or older between 2008 and 2014 and with no history of cataract surgery, refractive surgery, or a corneal disorder. METHODS: We identified 34 040 members with glaucoma or ocular hypertension (OHTN; cases) and 403 398 members without glaucoma (controls)...
January 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26260220/uric-acid-a-missing-link-between-hypertensive-pregnancy-disorders-and-future-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Tracey L Weissgerber, Natasa M Milic, Stephen T Turner, Reem A Asad, Thomas H Mosley, Sharon L R Kardia, Craig L Hanis, Vesna D Garovic
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether women who had a hypertensive pregnancy disorder (HPD) have elevated uric acid concentrations decades after pregnancy as compared with women who had normotensive pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Genetic Epidemiology Network of Arteriopathy study measured uric acid concentrations in Hispanic (30%), non-Hispanic white (28%), and non-Hispanic black (42%) women (mean age, 60 ± 10 years). This cross-sectional study was conducted between July 1, 2000, and December 31, 2004...
September 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26260150/comparing-measures-of-overall-and-central-obesity-in-relation-to-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-us-hispanic-latino-adults
#18
Qibin Qi, Garrett Strizich, David B Hanna, Rebeca E Giacinto, Sheila F Castañeda, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Amber Pirzada, Maria M Llabre, Neil Schneiderman, Larissa M Avilés-Santa, Robert C Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: US Hispanics/Latinos have high prevalence of obesity and related comorbidities. We compared overall and central obesity measures in associations with cardiometabolic outcomes among US Hispanics/Latinos. METHODS: Multivariable regression assessed cross-sectional relationships of six obesity measures with cardiometabolic outcomes among 16,415 Hispanics/Latinos aged 18-74 years. RESULTS: BMI was moderately correlated with waist-to-hip ratio (WHR; women, r = 0...
September 2015: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26255109/choroidal-nevus-in-the-united-states-adult-population-racial-disparities-and-associated-factors-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#19
Mary Qiu, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: To describe the prevalence of choroidal nevus in the US population and identify possible associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 5575 participants aged ≥40 years from the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) who underwent retinal imaging examination. METHODS: Predictor variables included a spectrum of demographic, ophthalmic, dermatologic, systemic, socioeconomic, or occupational factor variables available in NHANES...
October 2015: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26253127/ectopic-acth-secretion-eas-associated-to-a-well-differentiated-peritoneal-mesothelioma-case-report
#20
Carmen F Mendoza, Patricia Ontiveros, Daniel X Xibillé, Heriberto Manuel Rivera, Manuel H Rivera
BACKGROUND: The association between mesotheliomas and ectopic ACTH secretion has been rarely reported; we present the first case of ectopic ACTH secretion (EAS) associated with a well-differentiated peritoneal mesothelioma in whom the high dose dexamethasone suppression test (HDDST) results and plasmatic ACTH levels were similar to those found in Cushing's disease (CD). CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old hispanic woman with a 20 year history of treatment resistant diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension...
2015: BMC Endocrine Disorders
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