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HTN AND Hispanic*

Garland Castaneda, Taft Bhuket, Benny Liu, Robert J Wong
AIMS: Better understanding risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetS) will allow early targeted intervention to mitigate long term risk. We aim to determine the disparate impact of each individual MetS component on overall risk of developing MetS, stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, and age. METHODS: Using data from the 2003-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), MetS prevalence among adults (age ≥18) was stratified by sex, race/ethnicity, age, and by individual MetS components (e...
January 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Torri D Metz, Amanda A Allshouse, Carol J Hogue, Robert L Goldenberg, Donald J Dudley, Michael W Varner, Deborah L Conway, George R Saade, Robert M Silver
BACKGROUND: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network previously demonstrated an association between stillbirth and maternal marijuana use as defined by the presence of 11-nor-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid in the umbilical cord homogenate. However, the relationship between marijuana use and perinatal complications in live births is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine if maternal marijuana use is associated with increased odds of adverse pregnancy outcomes and neonatal morbidity among live-born controls in the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network cohort...
October 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Andrew M South, Lester Arguelles, Gal Finer, Craig B Langman
BACKGROUND: Pediatric primary hypertension (HTN) is increasingly recognized, but the effect of patient characteristics such as obesity and race on treatment outcomes is not well described. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) may also contribute to HTN. We hypothesized patient parameters of these factors, including baseline RAAS, influence blood pressure (BP) response to pharmacological treatment in HTN. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort of 102 consecutive patients with HTN...
September 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Ilargi Gorostegi-Anduaga, Javier Pérez-Asenjo, Gualberto Rodrigo Aispuru, Simon M Fryer, Ainara Alonso-Colmenero, Estíbaliz Romaratezabala, Sara Maldonado-Martín
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension (HTN), obesity and low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are associated with an increased risk for a cardiovascular event. Enrolling overweight/obese individuals with HTN, the current study aimed to estimate cardiovascular risk (CVR) and vascular age (VA) profiles analyzing potential sex differences, determine whether VA is higher than chronological age, and whether CVR is associated with a low level of CRF. METHODS: Overweight/obese non-Hispanic White participants (n=209; 141 men and 68 women) with primary HTN had their CVR and VA determined using the New Pooled Cohort Risk Equations and The Framingham method, respectively...
June 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
Longjian Liu, Jessica Dow, Barbara Simon, Howard Eisen
OBJECTIVE: Multiple medication use in patients with hypertension (HTN) is a common clinical problem faced by both primary and specialists. Patients who remain to have higher BP in spite of the concurrent use of 3 antihypertensive agents of different classes are defined as resistant hypertension (RH). In the study we aimed to identify the prevalence of RH, and examined its association with mortality from all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD). DESIGN AND METHOD: Data from the U...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Carol J Howe, Donelle M Barnes, Griselle B Estrada, Ignacio Godinez
Hispanics who speak Spanish are at risk for low health literacy. We evaluated Spanish language hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) patient education materials from U.S. federal agency public sector sources using the Suitability of Assessment (SAM) instrument. Mean readability for HTN materials was grade 7.9 and for DM materials was grade 6.6. Mean SAM score for HTN materials was 43.9 and for DM materials was 63.2. SAM scores were significantly better for DM than for HTN materials in overall score, content, graphics, layout, stimulation/motivation, and cultural appropriateness (p < ...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
Longjian Liu, Jessica Dow, Barbara Simon, Howard Eisen
OBJECTIVE: Multiple medication use in patients with hypertension (HTN) is a common clinical problem faced by both primary and specialists. Patients who remain to have higher BP in spite of the concurrent use of 3 antihypertensive agents of different classes are defined as resistant hypertension (RH). In the study we aimed to identify the prevalence of RH, and examined its association with mortality from all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD). DESIGN AND METHOD: Data from the U...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Ashley E Giambrone, Linda M Gerber, Jesica S Rodriguez-Lopez, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Nadia Islam, Lorna E Thorpe
OBJECTIVE: Using 2004 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NYC HANES) data, we sought to examine variation in hypertension (HTN) prevalence across eight Asian and Hispanic subgroups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: New York City, 2004. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Logistic regression was performed to identify differences in HTN prevalence between ethnic subgroups controlling for age, sex, education and BMI...
July 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
Hoang Tran, Van Do, Lorena Baccaglini
BACKGROUND: Asians are often pooled together when evaluating disparities in health care indicators (access, utilization, and management), though substantial variation may exist across different Asian ethnicities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare health care indicators among Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, and non-Hispanic white (NHW) adults with cardiovascular disease and hypertension (CVD/HTN). METHODS: We analyzed health care indicators using multivariable logistic regression in a sample of Asians and NHWs with CVD/HTN from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)...
June 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Amanda Bennett, Parham Parto, Selim R Krim
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite its continued increase in prevalence in minorities, data regarding hypertension (HTN) control among such ethnic groups remains limited. This review highlights the most recent literature on the epidemiology, prevalence, and treatment strategies of HTN among four racial groups (non-Hispanic Whites (NHW), Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians). RECENT FINDINGS: Overall awareness and treatment of HTN were found to be higher in blacks when compared with NHWs...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
Ruth E Zambrana, Lenny López, Gniesha Y Dinwiddie, Roberta M Ray, Charles B Eaton, Lawrence S Phillips, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller
BACKGROUND: Depression and depressive symptoms are risk factors for hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Hispanic women have higher rates of depressive symptoms compared to other racial/ethnic groups yet few studies have investigated its association with incident prehypertension and hypertension among postmenopausal Hispanic women. This study aims to assess if an association exists between baseline depression and incident hypertension at 3 years follow-up among postmenopausal Hispanic women...
2016: PloS One
Rene Baudrand, Mark O Goodarzi, Anand Vaidya, Patricia C Underwood, Jonathan S Williams, Xavier Jeunemaitre, Paul N Hopkins, Nancy Brown, Benjamin A Raby, Jessica Lasky-Su, Gail K Adler, Jinrui Cui, Xiuqing Guo, Kent D Taylor, Yii-Der I Chen, Anny Xiang, Leslie J Raffel, Thomas A Buchanan, Jerome I Rotter, Gordon H Williams, Luminita H Pojoga
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: We examined whether a prevalent caveolin-1 gene (CAV1) variant, previously related to insulin resistance, is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included subjects genotyped for the CAV1 variant rs926198 from two cohorts: 735 Caucasians from the HyperPATH multicenter study, and 810 Hispanic participants from the HTN-IR cohort. RESULTS: Minor allele carriers from HyperPATH cohort (57% of subjects) had higher Framingham risk scores, higher odds of diabetes (10...
December 2015: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Cathleen M Rivera, Laurel A Copeland, Catherine J McNeal, Eric M Mortensen, Mary J Pugh, Daniel J MacCarthy
Evidence-based guidelines for the use of aspirin in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease events are well established. Despite this, the prevalence of aspirin use for secondary prevention is suboptimal. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of aspirin use for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease events when it is dispensed as a prescription, as is performed in the Veterans Affairs (VA) managed care system. VA patients who had undergone major surgery and experienced a postoperative myocardial infarction (MI) or unstable angina between the years 2005 and 2009 were identified from administrative databases...
October 2015: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
R Katz, M J Budoff, K D O'Brien, N D Wong, K Nasir
AIMS: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of low levels of HDL cholesterol, hyperglycaemia, high waist circumference, hypertension and elevated triglycerides, and is associated with cardiovascular disease. Calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the thoracic aorta (TAC), measured by non-contrast cardiac computed tomography (CT) scans, is a marker for atherosclerosis and relates to mortality. We sought to evaluate the independent association of MetS and TAC on cardiac CT scans. METHODS: We examined the relation of the MetS, and each of its components, to the prevalence of TAC, measured from 2000 to 2002 in 6778 white, Chinese, African-American and Hispanic participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)...
July 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Laura Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil
BACKGROUND: High-quality communication and a positive patient-provider relationship are aspects of patient-centered care, a crucial component of quality. We assessed racial/ethnic disparities in patient-reported communication problems and perceived discrimination in maternity care among women nationally and measured racial/ethnic variation in the correlates of these outcomes. METHODS: Data for this analysis came from the Listening to Mothers III survey, a national sample of women who gave birth to a singleton baby in a US hospital in 2011-2012...
October 2015: Medical Care
Tracey L Weissgerber, Stephen T Turner, Thomas H Mosley, Sharon L R Kardia, Craig L Hanis, Natasa M Milic, Vesna D Garovic
Hypertension in pregnancy is a risk factor for future hypertension and cardiovascular disease. This may reflect an underlying familial predisposition or persistent damage caused by the hypertensive pregnancy. We sought to isolate the effect of hypertension in pregnancy by comparing the risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in women who had hypertension in pregnancy and their sisters who did not using the dataset from the Genetic Epidemiology Network of Arteriopathy study, which examined the genetics of hypertension in white, black, and Hispanic siblings...
March 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Daniel Combs, James L Goodwin, Stuart F Quan, Wayne J Morgan, Sairam Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Short sleep duration is associated with significant negative consequences, including poor school performance, behavioral problems, obesity, and hypertension. There is prior evidence that there are disparities in sleep duration related to ethnicity; however, there are no specific data on Hispanic children. We aimed to test the hypothesis that there are ethnic differences in parent-reported sleep duration in a community-based cohort of Hispanic and Caucasian children...
February 2016: Sleep Medicine
Ritin Fernandez, Bronwyn Everett, Charmaine Miranda, John X Rolley, Rohan Rajaratnam, Patricia M Davidson
OBJECTIVEctives of this descriptive comparative study were to (1) review data obtained from the World Health Organisation Statistical Information System (WHOSIS) database relating to the prevalence of risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) among Indians and Australians and (2) compare these data with published epidemiological studies of CHD riskfactors in adult migrant Asian Indians to provide a comprehensive and comparable assessment of risk factors relating to CHD and the mortality attributable to these risk factors...
2015: Journal of Cultural Diversity
Sherif Elhanafi, Mohammed Saadi, Wynee Lou, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Alok Dwivedi, Marc Zuckerman, Mohamed O Othman
AIM: To assess the endoscopic characteristics of gastric polyps and their association with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) status in a predominantly Hispanic population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all esophagogastroduodenoscopies performed at our institution. Demographic, endoscopic and histopathological data were reviewed. Categorization of patients into Hispanic and Non-Hispanic was based on self-identification. Patients without resection/biopsy were not included in the analysis...
August 10, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Ling Shen, Ronald B Melles, Ravikanth Metlapally, Lisa Barcellos, Catherine Schaefer, Neil Risch, Lisa J Herrinton, Christine Wildsoet, Eric Jorgenson
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between refractive error and the prevalence of glaucoma by race or ethnicity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Kaiser Permanente Northern California Health Plan members with refractive error measured at 35 years of age or older between 2008 and 2014 and with no history of cataract surgery, refractive surgery, or a corneal disorder. METHODS: We identified 34 040 members with glaucoma or ocular hypertension (OHTN; cases) and 403 398 members without glaucoma (controls)...
January 2016: Ophthalmology
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