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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092728/effect-of-time-interval-between-the-second-improvest%C3%A2-dose-and-slaughter-and-corn-dried-distillers-grains-with-solubles-feeding-strategies-on-carcass-composition-primal-cutout-and-pork-quality-of-immunologically-castrated-pigs
#1
E K Harris, M A Mellencamp, L J Johnston, R B Cox, G C Shurson
Effects of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) feeding strategies on carcass composition, primal cutout, and lean quality of immunologically castrated (IC; n=863) pigs were evaluated, and consisted of: 1) corn-soybean meal (CS) diet (PCon); 2) CS+40% DDGS (NCon); 3) CS+40, 30, 20, or 10% DDGS fed in phases 1 to 4, respectively (SD); or 4) CS+40% DDGS fed in phase 1 to 3 and CS in phase 4 (WD). All pigs received the first dose of Improvest® at 11weeks. of age, and the second dose was administered at either 9, 7, or 5weeks...
January 9, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092647/dietary-intake-mediates-the-relationship-of-body-fat-to-pain
#2
Charles F Emery, KayLoni L Olson, Andrew Bodine, Victoria Lee, Diane L Habash
Prior studies have documented an association of obesity with chronic pain, but the mechanism explaining the association remains unknown. This study evaluated the degree to which dietary intake of foods with anti-inflammatory effects mediates the relationship of body fat to body pain. Ninety-eight community-residing healthy adults (60% women; mean age = 43.2 ± 15.3 years; range: 20-78 years) participated in a home-based study of home environment, food-related behaviors, health, and adiposity. During a 3-hour home visit evaluation, 3 measures of body fat were collected, including height and weight for calculation of body mass index (BMI)...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092462/adolescent-cardiovascular-functional-and-structural-outcomes-of-growth-trajectories-from-infancy-prospective-community-based-study
#3
Alanna N Hanvey, Fiona K Mensah, Susan A Clifford, Melissa Wake
BACKGROUND: Adult BMI trajectories outperform single BMI measurements as predictors of cardiovascular mortality; however, it is unknown whether this also holds in childhood. We aimed to identify BMI trajectory categories from birth to adolescence, and examine their associations with adolescent cardiovascular function and structure. METHODS: Adolescents from a community-based prospective birth cohort completed 11-16 BMI measurements between birth and adolescence...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092409/quantification-of-brown-and-white-adipose-tissue-based-on-gaussian-mixture-model-using-water-fat-and-t2-mri-in-adolescents
#4
Steve C N Hui, Jacky K L Ko, Teng Zhang, Lin Shi, David K W Yeung, Defeng Wang, Queenie Chan, Winnie C W Chu
PURPOSE: To develop a technique for the separation and quantification of brown adipose tissue (BAT) and white adipose tissue (WAT) using fat fraction and T2* intensity based on the Gaussian mixture model (GMM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chemical-shift water-fat and T2* images were acquired at the neck, supraclavicular, interscapular, and paravertebral regions in 24 volunteers (Obese: n = 12, female/male = 6/6, body mass index [BMI] = 31.3 ± 2.3 kg/m(2) , age = 16...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090353/leptin-acylcarnitine-metabolites-and-development-of-adiposity-in-the-rhea-mother-child-cohort-in-crete-greece
#5
W Perng, E Oken, T Roumeliotaki, D Sood, A P Siskos, G Chalkiadaki, E Dermitzaki, M Vafeiadi, S Kyrtopoulos, M Kogevinas, H C Keun, L Chatzi
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate relations of serum leptin at age 4 with development of adiposity and linear growth during 3 years of follow-up among 75 Greek children and to identify serum metabolites associated with leptin at age 4 and to characterize their associations with adiposity gain and linear growth. METHODS: Linear regression models that accounted for maternal age, education and gestational weight gain and child's age and sex were used to examine associations of leptin and leptin-associated metabolites measured at age 4 with indicators of adiposity and linear growth at age 7...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090348/changes-in-hba1c-and-circulating-and-adipose-tissue-androgen-levels-in-overweight-obese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-response-to-electroacupuncture
#6
E Stener-Victorin, M Maliqueo, M Soligo, V Protto, L Manni, E Jerlhag, M Kokosar, A Sazonova, C J Behre, M Lind, C Ohlsson, K Højlund, A Benrick
AIM: Insulin sensitivity is ~40% lower in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) than in controls. We tested the hypothesis that 5 weeks of electroacupuncture treatment improves glucose regulation and androgen levels in overweight/obese women with PCOS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventeen women with PCOS, aged 18 to 38 years, with a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m(2) and diagnosed with PCOS were included in this experimental and feasibility study and subjected to five weeks of electroacupuncture treatments three times/week...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089233/epicardial-adipose-tissue-and-myocardial-ischemia-assessed-by-computed-tomography-perfusion-imaging-and-invasive-fractional-flow-reserve
#7
Rahul G Muthalaly, Nitesh Nerlekar, Dennis T L Wong, James D Cameron, Sujith K Seneviratne, Brian S Ko
BACKGROUND: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a metabolically active fat depot that is associated with incident coronary artery disease (CAD) and major adverse cardiovascular events. The relationship between EAT and myocardial ischemia remains unclear. This study investigated the relationship between EAT volume and the presence of perfusion defects on myocardial computed tomographic perfusion imaging (CTP) and functional stenoses on invasive fractional flow-reserve (FFR). METHODS: Data were obtained from a previous prospective cross-sectional study in patients with suspected CAD...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089168/the-relationship-between-dietary-intake-and-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors-with-blood-pressure-in-individuals-without-a-history-of-a-cardiovascular-event-evidence-based-study-with-5670-subjects
#8
Mohsen Mazidi, Mohsen Nematy, Ali Reza Heidari-Bakavoli, Zahra Namadchian, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon A Ferns
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Raised blood pressure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide; improved nutritional approaches to population-wide prevention are required.We aimed to investigate the relationship between dietary intake and other cardiovascular risk factors with blood pressure in individuals without a history of a cardiovascular event in an Iranian cohort. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 5670 healthy subjects [approximately 40% (n=2179) males and 60% (n=3491) females] was undertaken in a sample from northeastern Iran...
December 9, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088613/adipocyte-and-epidermal-fatty-acid-binding-protein-serum-concentrations-in-patients-with-lipodystrophy
#9
Konstanze Miehle, Thomas Ebert, Susan Kralisch, Annett Hoffmann, Jürgen Kratzsch, Haiko Schlögl, Michael Stumvoll, Mathias Fasshauer
OBJECTIVE: Lipodystrophy (LD) syndromes are associated with diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridemia, and coronary artery disease. One pathogenetic factor of LD is dysregulation of several adipokines. However, the insulin resistance- and dyslipidemia-promoting adipokines adipocyte (AFABP) and epidermal (EFABP) fatty acid-binding protein have not been investigated in non-HIV-associated LD so far. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of AFABP and EFABP serum concentrations in 37 LD patients and 37 age-, gender-, and body mass index-matched healthy controls...
January 12, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088407/far-off-and-close-up-dry-matter-intake-modulate-indicators-of-immunometabolic-adaptations-to-lactation-in-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-of-pasture-based-transition-dairy-cows
#10
M Vailati-Riboni, G Farina, F Batistel, A Heiser, M D Mitchell, M A Crookenden, C G Walker, J K Kay, S Meier, J R Roche, J J Loor
The common practice of increasing dietary energy density during the close-up dry period (last ∼3 wk prepartum) has been recently associated with a higher incidence of metabolic disorders after calving. Despite these reports, over-feeding of metabolizable energy (ME) during the far-off, nonlactating period is a common management policy aimed at achieving optimum calving body condition score (BCS) in pasture-based systems, as cows are generally thinner than total mixed ration cows at the end of lactation. Our hypothesis was that both far-off and close-up overfeeding influence the peripartum adipose tissue changes associated with energy balance and inflammatory state...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087813/ethnic-differences-in-anthropometric-measures-and-abdominal-fat-distribution-a-cross-sectional-pooled-study-in-inuit-africans-and-europeans
#11
Pernille F Rønn, Gregers S Andersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Dirk L Christensen, Mette Aadahl, Bendix Carstensen, Marit E Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Ethnic variation in abdominal fat distribution may explain differences in cardiometabolic risk between populations. However, the ability of anthropometric measures to quantify abdominal fat is not clearly understood across ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between anthropometric measures and visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAT) in Inuit, Africans and Europeans. METHODS: We combined cross-sectional data from 3 studies conducted in Greenland, Kenya and Denmark using similar methodology...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087246/adipocytokines-and-anthropometric-measures-in-type-2-diabetics
#12
Shubhangi M Harke, Suresh P Khadke, Abhijit A Ghadge, Ashwini S Manglekar, Shashank S Shah, Arundhati G Diwan, Aniket A Kuvalekar
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus has assumed pandemic proportions worldwide. Aggressive management of hyperglycemia in diabetics is a primary goal of treatment. We have previously reported favorable effects of oral hypoglycemic agents on adipocytokines. Aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of adipocytokines with anthropometric measures and biochemical parameters in type 2 diabetics. METHODS: Clinically diagnosed type 2 diabetics and age, gender matched healthy volunteers were recruited for study...
December 30, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080834/low-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-in-spain-especially-in-the-overweight-obese-population-the-anibes-study
#13
Elena Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Aránzazu Aparicio, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa M Ortega
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the dietary intake of the Spanish population according to ponderal status and body fat distribution. METHODS: Data were obtained from ANIBES (Anthropometry, Intake, and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample (1013 men, 996 women) of the Spanish population (18-64 years). The final fieldwork was carried out from mid-September to November (three months) 2013. A 3-day dietary record provided information about food and beverage consumption...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079262/pediatric-obesity-pharmacokinetic-alterations-and-effects-on-antimicrobial-dosing
#14
Stephanie Natale, John Bradley, William Huy Nguyen, Tri Tran, Pamela Ny, Kirsten La, Eva Vivian, Jennifer Le
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist for appropriate drug dosing in obese children. This comprehensive review summarizes pharmacokinetic alterations that occur with age and obesity, and these effects on antimicrobial dosing. A thorough comparison of different measures of body weight and specific antimicrobial agents, including cefazolin, cefepime, ceftazidime, daptomycin, doripenem, gentamicin, linezolid, meropenem, piperacill-tazobactam, tobramycin, vancomycin, and voriconazole, are presented...
January 12, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078092/severe-obesity-emotions-and-eating-habits-a-case-control-study
#15
M Koski, H Naukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has a multifaceted etiology that involves genetic, biological and behavioral factors, body growth, eating habits, energy expenditure and the function of adipose tissue. The present study aimed to expand upon knowledge about the relationships among obesity, emotions and eating habits in severely obese individuals using a case-control method. METHODS: The subject group consisted of 112 individuals (81 females and 31 males) receiving a permanent disability pension primarily for obesity...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078091/body-mass-index-measured-adiposity-and-population-attributability-of-associated-factors-a-population-based-study-from-buea-cameroon
#16
Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Jeannine A Atem, Andre Pascal Kengne, Anastase Dzudie, J Lennert Veerman
BACKGROUND: Obesity is currently a global health challenge driven by a mix of behavioural, environmental and genetic factors. Up to date population-based disease burden estimates are needed to guide successful prevention and control efforts in African countries. We investigated the prevalence and population attributable fractions of overweight and obesity in Buea, the Southwest region of Cameroon. METHODS: Data are from a community-based cross-sectional study involving randomly selected adults conducted in 2016...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077856/relationship-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-blood-pressure-in-young-adults-a-mediation-analysis-of-body-composition
#17
Ana Díez-Fernández, Mairena Sánchez-López, José Antonio Nieto, Alberto González-García, José Miota-Ibarra, Ignacio Ortiz-Galeano, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
High blood pressure levels are among the most important cardiovascular disease risk factors and are influenced by physical fitness and body composition. However, the degree to which obesity may attenuate or modify the beneficial effects of physical fitness on blood pressure levels in young adults is uncertain. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze whether body composition is a mediator between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and blood pressure levels in young adults. This work was a cross-sectional study involving first-year college students (n=386) at the University Campus of Cuenca (Spain)...
January 12, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077136/increased-leptin-adiponectin-ratio-relates-to-low-normal-thyroid-function-in-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Lynnda J N van Tienhoven-Wind, Robin P F Dullaart
BACKGROUND: Low-normal thyroid function within the euthyroid range may contribute to increased atherosclerosis susceptibility. The leptin/adiponectin (L/A) ratio is associated with cardiovascular disease and reflects adipose tissue dysfunction. Relationships of the L/A ratio with low-normal thyroid function are unknown. METHODS: Relationships of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (free T4) with leptin, adiponectin and the L/A ratio in euthyroid subjects were documented in 67 fasting subjects with metabolic syndrome (Mets) and 86 euthyroid subjects without MetS (TSH and free T4 levels within the institutional reference range)...
January 11, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075370/effect-of-carotenoid-supplemented-formula-on-carotenoid-bioaccumulation-in-tissues-of-infant-rhesus-macaques-a-pilot-study-focused-on-lutein
#19
Sookyoung Jeon, Martha Neuringer, Emily E Johnson, Matthew J Kuchan, Suzette L Pereira, Elizabeth J Johnson, John W Erdman
Lutein is the predominant carotenoid in the developing primate brain and retina, and may have important functional roles. However, its bioaccumulation pattern during early development is not understood. In this pilot study, we investigated whether carotenoid supplementation of infant formula enhanced lutein tissue deposition in infant rhesus macaques. Monkeys were initially breastfed; from 1 to 3 months of age they were fed either a formula supplemented with lutein, zeaxanthin, β-carotene and lycopene, or a control formula with low levels of these carotenoids, for 4 months (n = 2/group)...
January 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075147/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-the-feeding-exercise-randomized-trial-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescents
#20
Anna Patsopoulou, Zoi Tsimtsiou, Antonios Katsioulis, Eleni Malissiova, George Rachiotis, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
BACKGROUND: The Feeding Exercise Trial in Adolescents (FETA) aimed to evaluate whether a community-based, parents-involving, combined physical activity and nutritional education program was effective in improving adiposity profiles in overweight and obese adolescents. METHODS: A total of 181 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-15 years old were randomized in the three study groups ("Diet & Activity," "Activity," and Control). The Activity intervention included a 45-minute, 3-day per week supervised training program, while the Diet & Activity intervention included a supplementary 15 minutes of group-based sessions attended by the parents...
January 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
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