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caffeine vs theophylline for apnea in prematurity

D J Henderson-Smart, P Subramaniam, P G Davis
BACKGROUND: Recurrent apnea is common in preterm infants, particularly at very early gestational ages. These episodes of loss of effective breathing can lead to hypoxemia and bradycardia which may be severe enough to require resuscitation including use of positive pressure ventilation. Theophylline and continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) are two treatments that have have been used to prevent apnea and its consequences. OBJECTIVES: The main objective was to determine in preterm infants with recurrent apnea, if treatment with CPAP compared with treatment with theophylline leads to a clinically important reduction in apnea or use of mechanical ventilation, without clinically important side effects...
2001: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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