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Endurance Fitness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914305/effectiveness-of-a-cross-circuit-exercise-training-program-in-improving-the-fitness-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-enrolled-in-special-education-schools
#1
Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Fen Yang, I-Hua Chu, Hsiu-Tao Hsu, Feng-Hua Tsai, Jing-Min Liang
This study assessed the effects of a cross-circuit training intervention program on the body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and muscular strength endurance of overweight or obese students with intellectual disability. A total of 43 students with intellectual disability (aged 13-19 years) were enrolled in this program; 28 overweight/obese students were assigned to either an obesity-control group (n=14) or obesity-exercise group (n=14), and those with normal weight were assigned to a normal weight group (n=15)...
November 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911621/exergaming-for-health-a-randomized-study-of-community-based-exergaming-curriculum-in-pediatric-weight-management
#2
Amy L Christison, Tyler A Evans, Brandon B Bleess, Huaping Wang, Jean C Aldag, Helen J Binns
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and sustainable impact of a multifaceted community-based weight intervention program for children, including exergaming curriculum. METHODS: Eighty overweight or obese children, aged 8-12 years, were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to an Exergaming for Health intervention group, comprising both exergaming and classroom curriculum, or to a control group with classroom curriculum alone. Outcome measures included body mass index (BMI), z-score change, and shuttle runs to assess cardiorespiratory endurance...
December 2, 2016: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908931/filling-the-tank-keeping-antitumor-t-cells-metabolically-fit-for-the-long-haul
#3
REVIEW
Greg M Delgoffe
Discoveries in tumor immunology and subsequent clinical advances in cancer immunotherapy have revealed that the immune system is not oblivious to tumor progression but heavily interacts with developing neoplasia and malignancy. A major factor preventing immune destruction is the establishment of a highly immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME), which provides architecture to the tumor, supports indirect means of immunosuppression such as the recruitment of tolerogenic cells like regulatory T cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), and represents a zone of metabolically dearth conditions...
December 2016: Cancer Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901338/determinant-factors-of-peak-treadmill-speed-in-physically-active-men
#4
Leonardo Alves Pasqua, Mayara V Damasceno, Salomão Bueno, Alessandro M Zagatto, Gustavo G DE Araújo, Adriano E Lima-Silva, Rômulo Bertuzzi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine whether physiological factors and maximal dynamic strength are able to determine the peak treadmill speed (PTS) in physically active individuals. METHODS: One hundred and fifty physically active healthy males voluntarily visit the laboratory on three separate occasions and underwent the following activities: first visit: IPAQ (short version), anthropometric measurements, and a maximal incremental test performed for physiological variables (maximal oxygen uptake ( ) and respiratory compensation point (RCP); second visit: constant speed test for running economy (RE) measurement, and familiarization with the maximum dynamic strength (1RM) test in the leg press exercise; third visit: 1RM test...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895662/muscle-enriched-micrornas-isolated-from-whole-blood-are-regulated-by-exercise-and-are-potential-biomarkers-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#5
Joshua Denham, Priscilla R Prestes
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. Evidence indicating miRNAs influence exercise-induced health and performance adaptations is mounting. Circulating miRNAs are responsible for intercellular communication and could serve as biomarkers for disease and exercise-related traits. Such biomarkers would contribute to exercise screening, monitoring, and the development of personalized exercise prescription. Accordingly, we investigated the impact of long-term strenuous aerobic exercise training and a single bout of maximal aerobic exercise on five muscle-enriched miRNAs implicated in exercise adaptations (miR-1, miR-133a, miR-181a, miR-486, and miR-494)...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#6
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893472/correspondence-between-physical-self-concept-and-participation-in-and-fitness-change-after-bi-weekly-body-conditioning-classes-in-sedentary-women
#7
Ulrika Aasa, Johan Paulin, Guy Madison
The aims of the study were (1) to investigate the effects of participation in low impact body conditioning classes on physical fitness in sedentary women at different ages and (2) to examine the correspondence between physical self-concept and participation in, and fitness change after, the participation. Ninety-two sedentary women (mean age 44.2 years) participated in 11-weeks of bi-weekly classes that included cardiovascular, strength, core, endurance and mobility exercises, all performed in synchrony with music...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891234/normative-values-for-musculoskeletal-and-neuromotor-fitness-in-apparently-healthy-norwegian-adults-and-the-association-with-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Ingirid Geirsdatter Heald Kjær, Monica Klungland Torstveit, Elin Kolle, Bjørge Herman Hansen, Sigmund Alfred Anderssen
BACKGROUND: Up-to-date research on musculoskeletal- and neuromotor fitness (MSMF) is lacking. The aims of the present paper were to a) establish normative values of MSMF by gender and age, and b) to assess how much of the variance in MSMF can be explained by obesity in adults. METHODS: A random selection of 726 Norwegians (20-65 years) participated in a national cross-sectional study. Muscular endurance, muscular strength, explosive power, flexibility and balance were assessed in addition to waist circumference (WC)...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882292/muscular-strength-and-endurance-and-cardio-metabolic-health-in-disadvantaged-hispanic-children-from-the-u-s
#9
Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau
The predictive relationship between muscular strength and endurance and cardio-metabolic health, independent from aerobic fitness, is not clear in disadvantaged Hispanic children. The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive relationship between muscular strength and endurance and clustered cardio-metabolic risk, controlling for aerobic fitness, in Hispanic children from low-income schools. Participants were 320 Hispanic children (Mean age = 10.1 ± 1.1 years; 164 girls, 156 boys) recruited during the 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 academic years from five low-income schools from the state of Utah in the U...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873402/cosmologies-of-selection-lessons-from-the-faculty-biscuit-tin
#10
Maggie Bartlett, Flora Bartlett
We conducted an ethnography of the faculty biscuit tin as we were interested in the lived experience of the biscuits contained within it. We used a constructivist epistemology, a social constructionist interpretive framework and a phenomenological methodology that included analysis from the perspectives of deixis and cosmology. The biscuits perceived that they were important to a selecting force and that the characteristics of one particular group had a specific value to the selector. Some enduring benefits may derive from the selection of this group, although its attractions were less immediately obvious than those of others...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866517/-impact-and-effect-of-preoperative-short-term-pulmonary-rehabilitation-training-on-%C3%A2-lung-cancer-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-%C3%A2-a-randomized-trial
#11
Yutian Lai, Jianhua Su, Mei Yang, Kun Zhou, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is proposed as an effective strategy to decrease surgical morbidity. However, appropriate rehabilitation plan, initiation time, and optimal duration of PR remain unclear. Lung cancer patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are considered high-risk population for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) because of poor lung fitness and cardiopulmonary endurance. This study aims to assess the impact of a one-week, systematic and highly-intensive rehabilitation on surgical lung cancer patients with mild to moderate COPD...
November 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864966/interactive-effects-of-water-limitation-and-elevated-temperature-on-the-physiology-development-and-fitness-of-diverse-accessions-of-brachypodium-distachyon
#12
David L Des Marais, Jesse R Lasky, Paul E Verslues, Trent Z Chang, Thomas E Juenger
An enduring question in plant physiology and evolution is how single genotypes of plants optimize performance in diverse, often highly variable, environments. We grew 35 natural accessions of the grass Brachypodium distachyon in four environments in the glasshouse, contrasting soil water deficit, elevated temperature and their interaction. We modeled treatment, genotype and interactive effects on leaf-level and whole-plant traits, including fecundity. We also assessed the relationship between glasshouse-measured traits and parameters related to climate at the place of origin...
November 16, 2016: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863188/the-use-of-2-conditioning-programs-and-the-fitness-characteristics-of-police-academy-cadets
#13
Charles Cocke, Jay Dawes, Robin Marc Orr
CONTEXT:  Police academy training must physically prepare cadets for the rigors of their occupational tasks to prevent injury and allow them to adequately perform their duties. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the effects of 2 physical training programs on multiple fitness measures in police cadets. DESIGN:  Cohort study. SETTING:  Police training academy. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  We collected data from 70 male (age = 27...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862182/evaluation-of-an-exercise-program-for-older-adults-in-a-residential-environment
#14
Juh Hyun Shin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an older-adult exercise program in a senior-living complex campus. DESIGN: A longitudinal one-group design was used. METHODS: To supply residents with tools to maintain or improve general quality of life, balance, endurance, depression, and functional mobility, the Wellness and Fitness Center at the research setting provided a wide assortment of user-friendly equipment with many options...
November 5, 2016: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859711/red-cell-volume-response-to-exercise-training-association-with-aging
#15
REVIEW
D Montero, C Lundby
Red blood cell volume (RBCV) is a main determinant of cardiorespiratory fitness in healthy individuals. However, it remains controversial to what extent exercise training (ExT) enhances RBCV. Therefore, we sought to systematically review and determine the effect of ExT on RBCV in healthy individuals across all ages. We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science, since their inceptions until February 2016 for articles assessing the effect of ExT interventions (not including hypoxic training) on blood volumes in healthy individuals...
November 18, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854281/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-peak-torque-differences-between-vegetarian-and-omnivore-endurance-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Heidi M Lynch, Christopher M Wharton, Carol S Johnston
In spite of well-documented health benefits of vegetarian diets, less is known regarding the effects of these diets on athletic performance. In this cross-sectional study, we compared elite vegetarian and omnivore adult endurance athletes for maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and strength. Twenty-seven vegetarian (VEG) and 43 omnivore (OMN) athletes were evaluated using VO2 max testing on the treadmill, and strength assessment using a dynamometer to determine peak torque for leg extensions. Dietary data were assessed using detailed seven-day food logs...
November 15, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849484/the-benefits-of-high-intensity-functional-training-fitness-programs-for-military-personnel
#17
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Katie M Heinrich, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
INTRODUCTION: High intensity functional training (HIFT) programs are designed to address multiple fitness domains, potentially providing improved physical and mental readiness in a changing operational environment. Programs consistent with HIFT principals such as CrossFit, SEALFIT and the US Marine Corps' High Intensity Tactical Training (HITT) are increasingly popular among military personnel. The goal of HIFT programs is to produce high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, endurance and strength that exceed those achieved by following current physical activity recommendations...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826713/trend-of-endurance-level-among-healthy-inner-city-children-and-adolescents-over-three-decades
#18
Raysa Morales-Demori, Omar Jamil, Maria Serratto
The aim of this study was to understand how endurance time, a proxy for physical fitness, has changed in healthy inner-city children and adolescents in the past three decades. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. This study used exercise stress test in a laboratory of an inner-city teaching hospital. We reviewed all consecutive healthy children and adolescents who underwent an exercise Bruce protocol treadmill test from 1983 to 2010. The study population was divided into five groups of 5-year intervals based on the year of testing...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824693/aerobic-exercise-training-improves-orthostatic-tolerance-in-aging-humans
#19
Diqun Xu, Hong Wang, Shande Chen, Sarah Ross, Howe Liu, Albert Olivencia-Yurvati, Peter B Raven, Xiangrong Shi
PURPOSE: This study was designed to test the hypothesis that aerobic exercise training of the elderly will increase aerobic fitness without compromising orthostatic tolerance (OT). METHODS: Eight healthy sedentary volunteers (67.0±1.7 years old, 4 women) participated in 1-year of endurance exercise training (stationary bicycle and/or treadmill) program at the individuals' 65%-75% of peak heart rate (HRpeak). Peak O2 uptake (VO2peak) and HRpeak were determined by a maximal exercise stress test using a bicycle ergometer...
November 7, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824688/gross-motor-skills-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-a-mediation-analysis
#20
Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, You Fu, James C Hannon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the linear relationship between gross motor skills and cardiometabolic risk, with aerobic fitness as a mediator variable, in low-income children from the U.S. METHODS: Participants were a convenience sample of 224 children (Mean age = 9.1 ± 1.1 years; 129 girls, 95 boys) recruited from five low-income elementary schools from the Mountain West Region of the U.S. Gross motor skills were assessed using the Test for Gross Motor Development 3rd Edition...
November 7, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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