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Endurance Fitness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644242/effects-of-participation-in-sports-programs-on-walking-ability-and-endurance-over-time-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Sandy A Ross, Morgan Yount, Sara Ankarstad, Samantha Bock, Britta Orso, Kimberly Perry, Jennifer Miros, Janice E Brunstrom-Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: Children with cerebral palsy may benefit from maintaining a high level of physical fitness similar to typically developing children especially in terms of long-term physical performance, although in practice this is often difficult. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of participation in sports programs on walking ability and endurance over time. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study included participants with cerebral palsy, aged 6 to 20 yrs, who attended a summer sports program from 2004 to 2012...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641022/a-randomized-single-dose-parallel-study-on-enhancement-of-nitric-oxide-in-serum-and-saliva-with-the-use-of-natural-sports-supplement-in-healthy-adults
#2
Joby Jacob, Sreeraj Gopi, Chandradhara Divya
Sports supplements that stimulate the production of nitric oxide (NO) are widely promoted agents in the sports nutrition domain, and nitric oxide plays an important role to enhance the cardiovascular and physical fitness of the sports participants. The purpose of the study is to investigate whether oral intake of a sports nutritional supplement (Fitnox) is able to increase nitrate (NO3(-)) and nitrite (NO2(-)) levels in blood serum and saliva of healthy adults. Fitnox is a unique blend of Kaempferia parviflora methoxy flavones, pomegranate peel polyphenols, and Moringa oleifera leaf saponins...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638840/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-stand-up-paddle-boarding
#3
James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Mike Climstein, Wayne Hing
BACKGROUND: Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology. PURPOSE: To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636453/testing-the-efficacy-of-existing-force-endurance-models-to-account-for-the-prevalence-of-obesity-in-the-workforce
#4
Mojdeh Pajoutan, Lora A Cavuoto, Ranjana K Mehta
This study evaluated whether the existing force-endurance relationship models are predictive of endurance time for overweight and obese individuals, and if not, provide revised models that can be applied for ergonomics practice. Data was collected from 141 participants (49 normal weight, 50 overweight, 42 obese) who each performed isometric endurance tasks of hand grip, shoulder flexion, and trunk extension at four levels of relative workload. Subject-specific fatigue rates and a general model of the force-endurance relationship were determined and compared to two fatigue models from the literature...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623613/assessment-of-metabolic-flexibility-by-means-of-measuring-blood-lactate-fat-and-carbohydrate-oxidation-responses-to-exercise-in-professional-endurance-athletes-and-less-fit-individuals
#5
Iñigo San-Millán, George A Brooks
BACKGROUND: Increased muscle mitochondrial mass is characteristic of elite professional endurance athletes (PAs), whereas increased blood lactate levels (lactatemia) at the same absolute submaximal exercise intensities and decreased mitochondrial oxidative capacity are characteristics of individuals with low aerobic power. In contrast to PAs, patients with metabolic syndrome (MtS) are characterized by a decreased capacity to oxidize lipids and by early transition from fat to carbohydrate oxidation (FATox/CHOox), as well as elevated blood lactate concentration [La(-)] as exercise power output (PO) increases, a condition termed 'metabolic inflexibility'...
June 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615010/internet-based-perioperative-exercise-program-in-patients-with-barrett-s-carcinoma-scheduled-for-esophagectomy-ipep-study-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Daniel Pfirrmann, Suzan Tug, Oana Brosteanu, Matthias Mehdorn, Martin Busse, Peter P Grimminger, Florian Lordick, Torben Glatz, Jens Hoeppner, Hauke Lang, Perikles Simon, Ines Gockel
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing surgery for esophageal cancer have a high risk for postoperative deterioration of lung function and pulmonary complications. This is partly due to one-lung ventilation during thoracotomy. This often accounts for prolonged stay on intensive care units, delayed postoperative reconvalescence and reduced quality of life. Socioeconomic disadvantages can result from these problems. Physical preconditioning has become a crucial leverage to optimize fitness and lung function in patients scheduled for esophagectomy, in particular during the time period of neoadjuvant therapy...
June 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590791/using-an-exercise-program-to-improve-activity-tolerance-in-a-female-with-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-a-case-report
#7
Mike V Richardson, Amy Nordon-Craft, LeeAnne Carrothers
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is estimated to be at least 500,000 in the United States and is most commonly found in premenopausal females. This syndrome shares clinical features with orthostatic hypotension (OH); however, the inclusion criteria and clinical features for POTS are not well known. The purposes of this case report are to: 1) describe the common clinical features of POTS and highlight the differences to orthostatic hypotension and 2) discuss physical therapy management of patients with POTS using exercise...
June 7, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585394/wii-based-exercise-program-to-improve-physical-fitness-motor-proficiency-and-functional-mobility-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#8
V Silva, C Campos, A Sá, M Cavadas, J Pinto, P Simões, S Machado, E Murillo-Rodríguez, N Barbosa-Rocha
BACKGROUND: People with Down syndrome (DS) usually display reduced physical fitness (aerobic capacity, muscle strength and abnormal body composition), motor proficiency impairments (balance and postural control) and physical functional limitations. Exergames can be an appealing alternative to enhance exercise engagement and compliance, whilst improving physical fitness and motor function. This study aims to analyse the effects of a Wii-based exercise program on physical fitness, functional mobility and motor proficiency of adults with DS...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560893/physical-fitness-and-frailty-syndrome-in-institutionalized-older-women
#9
Guilherme Furtado, Miguel Patrício, Marisa Loureiro, Ana Maria Teixeira, José Pedro Ferreira
Associations between frailty and physical-functional fitness (PFF) indicators in frail women over 65 years of age remain largely unexplored. This study analyzed the relationship between frailty syndrome (FS) and PFF indicators and assessed how the latter might predict the former. Participants were 119 elderly women (81.96 ± 7.89 years) recruited from four social and healthcare centers. PFF was assessed through muscle strength tests of upper and lower limbs, endurance, agility-dynamic balance, flexibility, and body composition...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556687/effects-of-adolescent-sport-practice-on-health-outcomes-of-adult-amateur-endurance-cyclists-adulthood-is-not-too-late-to-start
#10
Diego Munguia-Izquierdo, Carmen Mayolas-Pi, Carlos Peñarrubia-Lozano, Federico Paris-Garcia, Javier Bueno-Antequera, Miguel Angel Oviedo-Caro, Alejandro Legaz-Arrese
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of adolescent sport practice on the training, performance, and health outcomes of adult amateur endurance cyclists and compared health outcomes of 3 adult groups: amateur endurance cyclists who practiced sports during adolescence, amateur endurance cyclists who did not practice sports during adolescence, and inactive individuals. METHODS: In 859 (751 men, 108 women) adult cyclists and 718 inactive subjects (307 men, 411 women), we examined adolescent sport practice, current training status, quality of life, quality of sleep, anxiety and depression and cardiometabolic risk: body mass index, physical activity, physical fitness, adherence to Mediterranean diet, and alcohol and tobacco consumption...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556668/a-novel-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-classification-and-its-relationship-with-physical-fitness-in-spanish-older-adults-the-physmed-study
#11
Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Gonzalo Palacios, Antoni Sureda, Agustin Meléndez-Ortega, Josep Antoni Tur, Marcela González-Gross
BACKGROUND: As there is not a gold standard methodology to classify older people in relation to physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB), this paper aimed to propose a classification combining PA and SB. METHODS: Within a broader study, 433 subjects, aged over 55 years (57% females) from Madrid and Majorca, were evaluated for PA and SB by means of validated questionnaires. Physical fitness was analyzed objectively using the EXERNET test battery. Cluster analyses were used to establish behavioral patterns, combining PA and SB...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553100/relationships-between-heart-rate-target-determined-in-different-exercise-testing-in-copd-patients-to-prescribed-with-individualized-exercise-training
#12
Claudine Fabre, Baptiste Chehere, Frédéric Bart, Patrick Mucci, Benoit Wallaert, Jean Marie Grosbois
BACKGROUND: It has been scientifically proven that pulmonary rehabilitation improves exercise tolerance and facilitates the carrying out of daily physical activities. To optimize the physical and physiological benefits, it is necessary to individualize the training intensity for each patient. The aim of this study is to compare the heart rate (HR) responses to three exercise modalities measuring aerobic fitness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, in order to easily prescribe individual target HRs for endurance training...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549046/associations-of-physical-fitness-and-body-composition-characteristics-with-simulated-military-task-performance
#13
K Pihlainen, M Santtila, K Häkkinen, H Kyröläinen
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the associations of physical fitness and body composition characteristics with anaerobic endurance performance, tested in the combat load using the occupationally relevant military simulation test (MST). Eighty-one male soldiers, deployed to a crisis management operation in the Middle East, volunteered for the study and participated in a test battery consisting measurements of muscle strength, body composition characteristics, endurance capacity, and MST.A Spearman correlational analysis revealed that the strongest variable, correlated with MST time, was the countermovement jump performed with the combat load (CMJ2) (rs = -0...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539050/functional-capacities-of-polish-adults-of-60-87-years-and-risk-of-losing-functional-independence
#14
Zofia Ignasiak, Teresa Sławinska, Anna Skrzek, Krystyna Rożek, Sławomir Kozieł, Pawel Posłuszny, Robert M Malina
AIM: To characterise the functional capacities of Polish men and women aged 60-87 years and evaluate their status relative to criteria for functional independence. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Four hundred and thirty-one women and 125 men, aged 60-87 years, who were residents of Wrocław, southwestern Poland, were recruited. Height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated. The Fullerton Functional Fitness Test was administered to test upper and lower body strength, upper and lower body flexibility, agility-dynamic balance and aerobic endurance...
May 24, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538328/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-physical-fitness-and-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-part-1-cardiorespiratory-endurance
#15
Peter J Lisman, Sarah J de la Motte, Timothy C Gribbin, Dianna P Jaffin, Kaitlin Murphy, Patricia A Deuster
Lisman, PJ, de la Motte, SJ, Gribbin, TC, Jaffin, DP, Murphy, K, and Deuster, PA. A systematic review of the association between physical fitness and musculoskeletal injury risk: part 1-cardiorespiratory endurance. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1744-1757, 2017-Musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) are a significant health problem for both military and athletic populations. Research indicates that MSK-I is associated with physical fitness; however, the association between specific components of physical fitness and MSK-I in military and athletic populations has not been systematically examined...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538324/physical-fitness-reference-standards-in-french-youth-the-bouge-program
#16
Jérémy Vanhelst, Julien Labreuche, Laurent Béghin, Elodie Drumez, Paul S Fardy, Didier Chapelot, Jacques Mikulovic, Zékya Ulmer
Vanhelst, J, Julien, JL, Beghin, L, Drumez, E, Fardy, PS, Chapelot, D, Mikulovic, J, and Ulmer, Z. Physical fitness reference standards in French youth: The BOUGE program. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1709-1718, 2017-The aim of this study was to establish sex- and age-specific physical fitness percentiles in French youth. A sample of 11,186 children and adolescents (5,546 boys and 5,640 girls), aged between 10 and 15 years, was assessed in the French national BOUGE study. Participants were tested for their cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular endurance, speed, flexibility, and agility using the following tests: 20-m shuttle run tests, curl-ups test, 50-m sprint test, back-saver sit and reach test, and 10 × 5-m shuttle run test...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524725/a-sport-education-fitness-season-s-impact-on-students-fitness-levels-knowledge-and-in-class-physical-activity
#17
Jeffery Kurt Ward, Peter A Hastie, Danielle D Wadsworth, Shelby Foote, Sheri J Brock, Nikki Hollett
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which a sport education season of fitness could provide students with recommended levels of in-class moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) while also increasing students' fitness knowledge and fitness achievement. METHOD: One hundred and sixty-six 5th-grade students (76 boys, 90 girls) participated in a 20-lesson season called "CrossFit Challenge" during a 4-week period. The Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run, push-ups, and curl-ups tests of the FITNESSGRAM® were used to assess fitness at pretest and posttest, while fitness knowledge was assessed through a validated, grade-appropriate test of health-related fitness knowledge (HRF)...
May 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507196/health-benefits-of-exercise
#18
Gregory N Ruegsegger, Frank W Booth
Overwhelming evidence exists that lifelong exercise is associated with a longer health span, delaying the onset of 40 chronic conditions/diseases. What is beginning to be learned is the molecular mechanisms by which exercise sustains and improves quality of life. The current review begins with two short considerations. The first short presentation concerns the effects of endurance exercise training on cardiovascular fitness, and how it relates to improved health outcomes. The second short section contemplates emerging molecular connections from endurance training to mental health...
May 15, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507194/molecular-basis-of-exercise-induced-skeletal-muscle-mitochondrial-biogenesis-historical-advances-current-knowledge-and-future-challenges
#19
Christopher G R Perry, John A Hawley
We provide an overview of groundbreaking studies that laid the foundation for our current understanding of exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis and its contribution to human skeletal muscle fitness. We highlight the mechanisms by which skeletal muscle responds to the acute perturbations in cellular energy homeostasis evoked by a single bout of endurance-based exercise and the adaptations resulting from the repeated demands of exercise training that ultimately promote mitochondrial biogenesis through hormetic feedback loops...
May 15, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503529/regular-physical-education-class-enhances-sociality-and-physical-fitness-while-reducing-psychological-problems-in-children-of-multicultural-families
#20
Jae-Wan Park, Seong-Hwan Park, Chang-Mo Koo, Denny Eun, Kang-Ho Kim, Chan-Bok Lee, Joung-Hyun Ham, Jeong-Hoon Jang, Yong-Seok Jee
This study investigated the influence of physical education class (PEC) as an intervention method for aggression, sociality, stress, and physical fitness levels in children from multicultural families. The hypothesis was that participating in PEC would result in reduced aggression and stress and improved sociality and physical fitness in multicultural children. A three-item questionnaire, a body composition test, and physical fitness tests were given three times. Eighty-four subjects were divided into four groups: multicultural children who participated in PEC (multi-PEG, n=12), multicultural children who did not participate in PEC (multi-NPEG, n=13), single-cultural children who participated in PEC (sing-PEG, n=11), and single-cultural children who did not participate in PEC (sing-NPEG, n=12), respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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