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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542618/early-and-late-stage-processing-abnormalities-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-an-erp-study
#1
Shanshan Wang, Chunjuan Yang, Yijun Liu, Zhi Shao, Todd Jackson
This research assessed event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited during the processing of different kinds of visual stimuli among children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (n = 15) and typically developing (TD) children (n = 19). Within a simple visual oddball paradigm, participating children passively viewed fruit and vegetable images that were used as standard stimuli in addition to images of these foods with their usual colors modified to create novel stimuli and cartoon depictions of these images (i.e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542615/taking-dietary-habits-into-account-a-computational-method-for-modeling-food-choices-that-goes-beyond-price
#2
Rahmatollah Beheshti, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Takeru Igusa
Computational models have gained popularity as a predictive tool for assessing proposed policy changes affecting dietary choice. Specifically, they have been used for modeling dietary changes in response to economic interventions, such as price and income changes. Herein, we present a novel addition to this type of model by incorporating habitual behaviors that drive individuals to maintain or conform to prior eating patterns. We examine our method in a simulated case study of food choice behaviors of low-income adults in the US...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539412/maternal-dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-are-associated-with-newborn-body-composition
#3
Anne P Starling, Katherine A Sauder, Jill L Kaar, Allison Lb Shapiro, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Dana Dabelea
Background: Maternal dietary intake during pregnancy may influence offspring growth and adiposity. Specific dietary patterns associated with newborn adiposity have not been identified.Objective: We aimed to identify patterns of maternal dietary intake associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) and fasting glucose during pregnancy and to evaluate whether adherence to these patterns is associated with newborn adiposity.Methods: In the Healthy Start prospective cohort, dietary intake during pregnancy was assessed via 24-h recalls...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539376/longitudinal-associations-of-away-from-home-eating-snacking-screen-time-and-physical-activity-behaviors-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-chinese-children-and-their-parents
#4
Fei Dong, Annie Green Howard, Amy H Herring, Amanda L Thompson, Linda S Adair, Barry M Popkin, Allison E Aiello, Bing Zhang, Penny Gordon-Larsen
Background: Little is known about intergenerational differences in associations of urbanization-related lifestyle behaviors with cardiometabolic risk factors in children and their parents in rapidly urbanizing China.Objective: We tested the intergenerational differences in longitudinal associations of away-from-home eating, snacking, screen time, and leisure-time sports with high waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), elevated blood pressure (BP), elevated glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) among Chinese children and their parents...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539258/dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-diet-weight-status-and-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-2003-2012
#5
Juliana F W Cohen, Megan E Lehnerd, Robert F Houser, Eric B Rimm
BACKGROUND: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is associated with lower blood pressure and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease among adults, but little is known about accordance with this dietary pattern or health benefits among children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to evaluate accordance with the DASH diet, differences over time, and the association with health attributes among a nationally representative sample of US children and adolescents...
May 20, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538927/feasibility-of-using-of-a-simplified-question-in-assessing-diet-quality-of-adolescents
#6
Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Regina Maria Veras Gonçalves-Silva, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Rosangela Alves Pereira
This study aims to analyze the applicability of a simplified question in assessing diet quality of adolescents in a cross-sectional school-based study carried out in a sample of high school students. Diet quality self-perception was obtained when the participant was inquired about own diet considering "excellent", "good", "fair" or "poor" responses. We evaluated meals habits and food intake through food frequency questionnaire. The revised version of the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index (BHEI-R) was estimated and we identified three dietary patterns using factor analysis...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538813/mechanisms-of-endothelial-protection-by-natural-bioactive-compounds-from-fruit-and-vegetables
#7
Bernardita Monsalve, Anibal Concha-Meyer, Iván Palomo, Eduardo Fuentes
The endothelium is fundamental for the regulation of vascular tone and structure. Under disease conditions, including the presence of cardiovascular disease risk factors, the endothelium loses its protective role and becomes a proatherosclerotic structure. In this article we searched for strategies from PUBMED and Science Direct databases using the following key words: endothelium, natural bioactive compounds, polyphenols and cardiovascular diseases. The search was restricted to english language papers. Studies have identified the contribution of diet to the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases...
May 22, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538676/older-australians-can-achieve-high-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-during-a-6-month-randomised-intervention-results-from-the-medley-study
#8
Courtney Davis, Jonathan Hodgson, Janet Bryan, Manohar Garg, Richard Woodman, Karen Murphy
Adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) is thought to be achievable in non-Mediterranean regions, but this has yet to be investigated. We aimed to determine if an older Australian population could adhere to a MedDiet for six months. We conducted a randomised, parallel dietary intervention trial with two dietary arms: the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) group and the habitual diet (HabDiet) control group. A 15-point Mediterranean diet adherence score and food and nutrient intakes were estimated from three-day weighed food records collected at baseline, two and four months...
May 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537336/dietary-risk-factors-by-race-ethnicity-age-group-and-gender-in-a-representative-sample-of-us-older-adults
#9
J A Vaccaro, F G Huffman
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships among ethnicity/race, gender, demographics, age-group and dietary health in a nationally representative sample of older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data for this study were collected by interview in the mobile examination centers from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2011 - 2012. PARTICIPANTS: U.S. representative sample of adults aged 55 years and older (N = 1860) from five ethnic/racial groups...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537322/trajectories-of-nutritional-risk-the-manitoba-follow-up-study
#10
C O Lengyel, D Jiang, R B Tate
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of nutritional risk among older men over a four-year period and to project their survival rates over the next two and a half years. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and thirty-six male survivors of the Manitoba Follow-up Study (MFUS) cohort with an average age of 90 years in 2011. MEASUREMENTS: Four years of nutritional risk SCREEN II scores (five waves) from the male survivors of the MFUS cohort...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537031/portuguese-agriculture-and-the-evolution-of-greenhouse-gas-emissions-can-vegetables-control-livestock-emissions
#11
Paulo Reis Mourao, Vítor Domingues Martinho
One of the most serious externalities of agricultural activity relates to greenhouse gas emissions. This work tests this relationship for the Portuguese case by examining data compiled since 1961. Employing cointegration techniques and vector error correction models (VECMs), we conclude that the evolution of the most representative vegetables and fruits in Portuguese production are associated with higher controls on the evolution of greenhouse gas emissions. Reversely, the evolution of the output levels of livestock and the most representative animal production have significantly increased the level of CO2 (carbon dioxide) reported in Portugal...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536035/seasonality-can-induce-coexistence-of-multiple-bet-hedging-strategies-in-dictyostelium-discoideum-via-storage-effect
#12
Ricardo Martínez-García, Corina E Tarnita
The social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum has been recently suggested as an example of bet-hedging in microbes. In the presence of resources, amoebae reproduce as unicellular organisms. Resource depletion, however, leads to a starvation phase in which the population splits between aggregators, which form a fruiting body made of a stalk and resistant spores, and non-aggregators, which remain as vegetative cells. Spores are favored when starvation periods are long, but vegetative cells can exploit resources in environments where food replenishes quickly...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535825/the-effect-of-increased-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-on-selected-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intakes-in-four-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
Sharon L Fulton, Michelle C McKinley, Charlotte E Neville, Francina R Baldrick, Ciara Mulligan, Damian O McCall, David R McCance, J D Edgar, J S Elborn, Ian S Young, Chris C Patterson, Jayne V Woodside
Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake is associated with reduced risk of a number of non-communicable diseases. Research tends to focus on antioxidants, flavonoids and polyphenols contained in FV as the main beneficial components to health; however, increasing FV may also alter overall diet profile. Extra FV may be substituted for foods thought to be less healthy, therefore altering the overall macronutrient and/or micronutrient content in the diet. This analysis merged dietary data from four intervention studies in participants with varying health conditions and examined the effect of increased FV consumption on diet profile...
May 24, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534060/food-swamps-by-area-socioeconomic-deprivation-in-new-zealand-a-national-study
#14
Zaynel Sushil, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Daniel J Exeter, Boyd Swinburn
OBJECTIVES: A nationwide spatial analysis of community retail food environments in relation to area socioeconomic deprivation was conducted in New Zealand. METHODS: Addresses from about 20,000 registered food outlets were retrieved from all 66 Councils. Outlets were classified, geocoded and (spatially) validated. The analysis included 4087 convenience, 4316 fast food/takeaway and 1271 supermarket and fruit/vegetable outlets and excluded outlets not considered 'healthy' or 'unhealthy'...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532659/two-year-healthy-eating-outcomes-an-rct-in-afterschool-programs
#15
Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Jennifer Huberty, Justin B Moore, Dianne S Ward, Darcy A Freedman, Aaron Beighle
INTRODUCTION: Across the U.S., afterschool programs (ASPs, 3:00pm-6:00pm) are trying to achieve nationally endorsed nutrition standards (Healthy Eating Standards) calling for fruits/vegetables and water to be served every day, while eliminating sugar-sweetened beverages and foods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 2-year changes in the types of foods and beverages served during a community-based intervention designed to achieve the Healthy Eating Standards. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized delayed treatment trial with an immediate (1-year baseline and 2-year intervention) or delayed (2-year baseline and 1-year intervention) group...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532413/dietary-habits-oral-impact-on-daily-performance-and-type-2-diabetes-a-matched-case-control-study-from-sudan
#16
Hasaan G Mohamed, Kamal Mustafa, Salah O Ibrahim, Anne N Åstrøm
BACKGROUND: It is evident that social and behavioural factors influence on individuals' general health and quality of life. Nevertheless, information about the influence of dietary habits on oral health-related quality of life is limited; especially among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to examine the influence of dietary habits and clinical oral health indicators on oral health-related quality of life in individuals with and without T2D. METHODS: A total of 149 T2D cases and 298 controls were recruited for this age and gender matched case-control study...
May 22, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532405/red-meat-and-chicken-consumption-and-its-association-with-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-in-south-korean-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-kshes-2011-2015
#17
Geum Hee Kim, Sang Won Shin, Juneyoung Lee, Jun Hyun Hwang, Soon-Woo Park, Jin Soo Moon, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn
BACKGROUND: The impact of meat consumption on high blood pressure (HBP) and obesity in children and adolescents is a subject of debate. The aim of this study was thus to evaluate the association between meat consumption and both HBP and obesity in this group. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using nationally representative samples of children and adolescents aged 9, 12, and 15 years old (n = 136,739) who were included in the Korea School Health Examination Survey (KSHES) for the 2011-2015 period...
May 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531805/troxerutin-txn-potentiated-5-fluorouracil-5-fu-treatment-of-human-gastric-cancer-through-suppressing-stat3-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-bcl-2-signaling-pathways
#18
Gui-Yun Xu, Xiao-Jun Tang
Gastric cancer still presents a significant problem for public health worldwide. Troxerutin (TXN), a flavonoid present in tea, coffee, cereal grains, and a variety of fruits and vegetables, exhibits various pharmacological and biological activities in vitro and in vivo. We investigated the ability of TXN to reverse the in vitro and in vivo drug resistance of human gastric cancer cells, which were resistant to treatment of 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU). 5-Fu is a pyrimidine analog, which is widely used in the treatment of cancers...
May 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531570/the-influence-of-parental-feeding-practices-on-the-consumption-of-fruit-and-vegetables-in-preschool-aged-children
#19
Maria Kantali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531244/awareness-prevalence-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-western-nepal
#20
Dinesh Neupane, Archana Shrestha, Shiva Raj Mishra, Joakim Bloch, Bo Christensen, Craig S McLachlan, Arjun Karki, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a significant contributor to cardiovascular and renal diseases. In low-income settings like Nepal, there are few epidemiological studies assessing hypertension burden. Thus, the purpose was to determine prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in semi-urban area of western Nepal among randomly selected participants, aged between 25 and 65 years. Systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP of ≥90 mm Hg and/or taking current antihypertensive medicine defined as hypertension...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
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