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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149368/dietary-guidance-for-lutein-consideration-for-intake-recommendations-is-scientifically-supported
#1
Katherine M Ranard, Sookyoung Jeon, Emily S Mohn, James C Griffiths, Elizabeth J Johnson, John W Erdman
Lutein, a yellow xanthophyll carotenoid found in egg yolks and many colorful fruits and vegetables, has gained public health interest for its putative role in visual performance and reducing the risk of age-related macular degeneration. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine's recommended Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) focus on preventing deficiency and toxicity, but there is a budding interest in establishing DRI-like guidelines for non-essential bioactives, like lutein, that promote optimal health and/or prevent chronic diseases...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149071/sleep-and-dietary-patterns-in-pregnancy-findings-from-the-gusto-cohort
#2
Linde van Lee, Ai-Ru Chia, See Ling Loy, Marjorelee Colega, Elaine K H Tham, Shirong Cai, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Oon Hoe Teoh, Daniel Goh, Kok Hian Tan, Yap-Seng Chong, Birit F P Broekman, Mary F F Chong
Evidence on the association between sleep, diet, and eating behaviors in pregnant women is lacking. We examine this in a cohort of apparently healthy pregnant women. At 26-28 weeks gestation, 497 participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to assess sleep and a 24-h recall to assess dietary intake. Diet quality was assessed by the Healthy Eating Index for pregnant women in Singapore (HEI-SGP) score and previously derived dietary patterns (vegetables-fruit-rice, seafood-noodles, and pasta-cheese-meat pattern)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147455/community-residents-beliefs-about-neighborhood-corner-stores-in-2-latino-communities-implications-for-interventions-to-improve-the-food-environment
#3
Mienah Z Sharif, Stephanie L Albert, Alec M Chan-Golston, Gilberto Lopez, Alice A Kuo, Michael L Prelip, Alexander N Ortega, Deborah C Glik
We assessed community residents' perceptions of corner stores to better understand what facilitates and deters patronage at these food outlets. Data came from 978 household interviews in 2 Latino communities undergoing corner store interventions. Chi-square tests, an independent sample t test, and a multivariate logistic regression were conducted to assess the relationship between residents' perceptions about corner stores and their reported patronage at these food outlets. Residents reported that corner stores do not sell a variety of fruits and vegetables and are not places where one can get information about healthy eating...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146357/effects-of-exogenous-application-of-cppu-naa-and-ga4-7-on-parthenocarpy-and-fruit-quality-in-cucumber-cucumis-sativus-l
#4
Chunlu Qian, Nannan Ren, Jingye Wang, Qiang Xu, Xuehao Chen, Xiaohua Qi
In protected vegetable fields, plant growth regulators are often used to improve cucumber fruit growth. However, the effects of plant growth regulators on the appearance and nutritional quality of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) remain largely unknown. In the present study, 100 mg/L N-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N'-phenylurea (CPPU), naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) or gibberellin A4+A7 (GA4+7) was applied to the female cucumber flowers 1 day before anthesis and at anthesis. The CPPU, NAA and GA4+7 treatments resulted in parthenocarpic fruits with similar weights, sizes and shapes as the pollinated fruits...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146316/comparative-evaluation-of-three-different-elisa-assays-and-hplc-esi-itms-ms-for-the-analysis-of-n-%C3%AE%C2%B5-carboxymethyl-lysine-in-food-samples
#5
Armando Gómez-Ojeda, Sarahi Jaramillo-Ortíz, Katarzyna Wrobel, Kazimierz Wrobel, Gloria Barbosa-Sabanero, Claudia Luevano-Contreras, Maria Pia de la Maza, Jaime Uribarri, Ma Dolores Del Castillo, Ma Eugenia Garay-Sevilla
N(ε)-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) is measured in food, but there is a controversy concerning the most convenient yet reliable method(s) for this task. This work compares three different ELISA assays and HPLC-ESI-ITMS/MS for the analysis of CML in several food items. The four methods showed the same decreasing order of CML concentration: beef, bacon>chicken > fish>dairy products>grain products>fruits/vegetables. HPLC-ESI-ITMS/MS results highly correlated with those obtained by ELISA performed with monoclonal CML-antibody (β=0...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145538/association-between-socioeconomic-determinants-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-adults-degs1-a-mediation-analysis
#6
Diego Montano
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome and different socioeconomic characteristics including education and occupational status have been found to be associated in previous research. Nonetheless, theoretical models defining core variables and causal processes accounting for these associations are lacking. OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of the present investigation are (1) to present a theoretical model integrating physiological, biochemical, and psychosocial factors determining metabolic syndrome prevalence and (2) to corroborate the hypothesis that socioeconomic determinants are (partially) mediated by health-related behaviors, health risks, and dietary habits...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145391/household-food-production-is-positively-associated-with-dietary-diversity-and-intake-of-nutrient-dense-foods-for-older-preschool-children-in-poorer-families-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-nepal
#7
Prajula Mulmi, William A Masters, Shibani Ghosh, Grace Namirembe, Ruchita Rajbhandary, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Keith P West, Patrick Webb
BACKGROUND: Nutrition-sensitive interventions supporting enhanced household food production have potential to improve child dietary quality. However, heterogeneity in market access may cause systematic differences in program effectiveness depending on household wealth and child age. Identifying these effect modifiers can help development agencies specify and target their interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates mediating effects of household wealth and child age on links between farm production and child diets, as measured by production and intake of nutrient-dense food groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145355/disparities-in-state-specific-adult-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-united-states-2015
#8
Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Latetia V Moore, Heidi M Blanck, Diane M Harris, Deb Galuska
The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that Americans consume more fruits and vegetables as part of an overall dietary pattern to reduce the risk for diet-related chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, some cancers, and obesity (1). Adults should consume 1.5-2.0 cup equivalents of fruits and 2.0-3.0 cups of vegetables per day.* Overall, few adults in each state met intake recommendations according to 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data; however, sociodemographic characteristics known to be associated with fruit and vegetable consumption were not examined (2)...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144894/clinical-community-partnerships-to-identify-patients-with-food-insecurity-and-address-food-needs
#9
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Karen R Siegel, Holly Calhoun, Sonia A Kim, Sandra P Garcia, Natalie M Hoeting, Diane M Harris, Laura Kettel Khan, Bryce Smith, Heidi M Blanck, Kevin Barnett, Anne C Haddix
INTRODUCTION: More than 42 million people in the United States are food insecure. Although some health care entities are addressing food insecurity among patients because of associations with disease risk and management, little is known about the components of these initiatives. METHODS: The Systematic Screening and Assessment Method was used to conduct a landscape assessment of US health care entity-based programs that screen patients for food insecurity and connect them with food resources...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144387/neighborhood-prices-of-healthier-and-unhealthier-foods-and-associations-with-diet-quality-evidence-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#10
David M Kern, Amy H Auchnicloss, Mark F Stehr, Ana V Diez Roux, Latetia V Moore, Genevieve P Kanter, Lucy F Robinson
It is known that the price of food influences the purchasing and consumption decisions of individuals; however, little work has examined if the price of healthier food relative to unhealthier food in an individual's neighborhood is associated with overall dietary quality while using data from multiple regions in the United States. Cross-sectional person-level data came from The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (exam 5, 2010-2012 n = 2765); a food frequency questionnaire assessed diet. Supermarket food/beverage prices came from Information Resources Inc...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143786/dietary-factors-associated-with-plasma-thyroid-peroxidase-and-thyroglobulin-antibodies
#11
Antonela Matana, Vesela Torlak, Dubravka Brdar, Marijana Popović, Bernarda Lozić, Maja Barbalić, Vesna Boraska Perica, Ante Punda, Ozren Polašek, Caroline Hayward, Tatijana Zemunik
The knowledge about dietary habits and their influence in the development of autoimmune thyroid disease is insufficient. The aim of this study was to analyse the association of dietary factors and plasma thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab) and/or thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg-Ab). The study enrolled 1887 participants originating from the South Croatia. Participants with elevated plasma TPO-Ab and/or Tg-Ab were defined as cases (n = 462) and those with TPO-Ab and/or Tg-Ab within referent values were defined as controls (n = 1425)...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143716/the-shelf-space-and-strategic-placement-of-healthy-and-discretionary-foods-in-urban-urban-fringe-and-rural-non-metropolitan-australian-supermarkets
#12
Adrian J Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Supermarkets are a key influence on eating behaviours, but it is unknown if the promotion of food within stores varies on a geographic gradient from urban, to urban-fringe and non-metropolitan areas. The present study aimed to assess the shelf space and strategic placement of healthy and discretionary foods in each of urban, urban-fringe and non-metropolitan Australian supermarkets. Design/Setting In-store audits were conducted in stores from one of the two major Australian supermarket chains in urban (n 19), urban-fringe (n 20) and non-metropolitan (n 26) areas of Victoria...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143697/stroke-and-food-groups-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#13
Cuiyu Deng, Qi Lu, Bingyan Gong, Liya Li, Lianxia Chang, Li Fu, Yue Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Numerous systematic reviews of prospective studies on the association of stroke risk with the consumption of various food groups have been published. A review of the evidence across the existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies was conducted to provide an overview of the range and validity of the reported associations of food groups with stroke risk. DESIGN: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published up to September 2015 to identify systematic reviews of prospective studies...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143540/association-between-nutrition-resource-stress-and-dietary-consumption-results-from-a-u-s-nationally-representative-survey
#14
Emily Grenen, Erin E Kent, Erin Hennessy, Jada G Hamilton, Rebecca A Ferrer
BACKGROUND: There is little research on how affective reactions (e.g., stress) to perceptions of nutritious food accessibility contribute to dietary behaviors. AIMS: This study explores whether stress associated with limited access to nutritious foods-termed nutrition resource stress (NRS)-contributes to diet outcomes, and whether these associations are mediated by health-related self-efficacy. METHOD: Using data from the cross-sectional National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey, analyses were conducted to examine whether reported NRS was associated with specific dietary behaviors (i...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142425/hypoglycemic-hypolipidemic-and-wound-healing-potential-of-quercetin-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#15
Mahrukh Ahmad, Mudasir Sultana, Rajinder Raina, Nrip Kishore Pankaj, Pawan Kumar Verma, Shahid Prawez
Background: Among the dietary polyphenolic, quercetin is the most common compound available in vegetables and fruits. The phytochemicals are used to treat diabetic wounds and diabetes, and specifically dietary polyphenols are being extensively studied for their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant abilities. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, and wound healing potential of quercetin in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Wistar rats...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141965/food-groups-and-risk-of-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#16
REVIEW
Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Violetta Andriolo, Angela Bechthold, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence on the relation of the intakes of 12 major food groups, including whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with the risk of hypertension. PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched systematically until June 2017 for prospective studies having quantitatively investigated the above-mentioned foods. We conducted meta-analysis on the highest compared with the lowest intake categories and linear and nonlinear dose-response meta-analyses to analyze the association...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141784/effects-of-sodium-reduction-and-the%C3%A2-dash%C3%A2-diet-in-relation-to-baseline%C3%A2-blood-pressure
#17
Stephen P Juraschek, Edgar R Miller, Connie M Weaver, Lawrence J Appel
BACKGROUND: Both sodium reduction and the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet, a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, and reduced in saturated fat and cholesterol, lower blood pressure. The separate and combined effects of these dietary interventions by baseline blood pressure (BP) has not been reported. OBJECTIVES: The authors compared the effects of low versus high sodium, DASH versus control, and both (low sodium-DASH vs...
November 4, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141721/coupling-ion-chromatography-to-q-orbitrap-for-the-fast-and-robust-analysis-of-anionic-pesticides-in-fruits-and-vegetables
#18
Łukasz Rajski, Francisco José Díaz Galiano, Víctor Cutillas, Amadeo R Fernández-Alba
Ion chromatography coupled to a quadrupole Orbitrap mass analyzer was used to develop a multiresidue method for the determination of highly polar pesticides and their metabolites (chlorate, perchlorate, fosetyl-aluminum, glyphosate, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), phosphonic acid, N-acetyl AMPA, and N-acetyl glyphosate) in fruits and vegetables. After extraction with methanol, samples were diluted 5× with water. No derivatization was applied. Pesticides were separated in an anion-exchange column. Water was used as the ion chromatography mobile phase...
November 15, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141710/pesticide-residue-analysis-in-fruit-and-vegetable-based-baby-foods-using-gc-orbitrap-ms
#19
Ana Lozano, Samanta Uclés, Ana Uclés, Carmen Ferrer, Amadeo R Fernández-Alba
This paper presents an efficiency evaluation of GC coupled with quadrupole Orbitrap MS for identification andquantitation in the multiresidue pesticide analysis of baby foods in full-scan mode. The identification criteria were studied following SANTE guidelines (retention time, mass accuracy, and ion ratio), comfortably complying with the values established, even at 0.003 mg/kg. Method validation was carried out on 15 selected GC-amenable pesticides covered by Commission Directive No. 2006/125/EC in three different baby food matrixes...
November 15, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141668/association-of-dietary-patterns-with-diabetes-complications-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-gaza-strip-palestine-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Abdel Hamid El Bilbeisi, Saeed Hosseini, Kurosh Djafarian
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rising worldwide. When diabetes is uncontrolled, it has dire consequences for health and well-being. However, the role of diet in the origin of diabetes complications is not understood well. This study identifies major dietary patterns among type 2 diabetes patients and its association with diabetes complications in Gaza Strip, Palestine. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted among 1200 previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (both genders, aged 20-64 years), patients receiving care in primary healthcare centers in Gaza Strip, Palestine...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
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