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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339058/toenail-selenium-as-an-indicator-of-environmental-exposure-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Tommaso Filippini, Angela Ferrari, Bernhard Michalke, Peter Grill, Luciano Vescovi, Chiara Salvia, Carlotta Malagoli, Marcella Malavolti, Sabina Sieri, Vittorio Krogh, Annalisa Bargellini, Antonio Martino, Margherita Ferrante, Marco Vinceti
The relation between toxicity and essentiality of selenium (Se) is of growing interest in human health, as the effects may widely differ depending of its different chemical species and the exposure levels. Toenail Se has been proposed as a reliable biomarker of long-term Se exposure, but few studies investigated the correlation between its toenail content and environmental determinants (i.e., dietary food intake). We aimed to determine the relation of toenail Se levels with serum Se species as well as food items...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339021/determinants-of-serum-manganese-levels-in-an-italian-population
#2
Tommaso Filippini, Bernhard Michalke, Peter Grill, Carlotta Malagoli, Marcella Malavolti, Luciano Vescovi, Sabina Sieri, Vittorio Krogh, Andrea Cherubini, Giuseppe Maffeis, Roberto Lucchini, Margherita Ferrante, Marco Vinceti
Manganese (Mn) is both essential and toxic for humans, mainly depending on the total levels and its species. Main sources of exposure include food and air pollution, particularly motorized traffic. We sought to determine the potential influence of these sources on serum total levels of Mn and Mn species. We selected a random sample of municipality residents from an Italian urban municipality, from whom we collected detailed personal information, dietary habits and a blood sample for serum Mn determination...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338982/rna-editing-during-sexual-development-occurs-in-distantly-related-filamentous-ascomycetes
#3
Ines Teichert, Tim Dahlmann, Ulrich Kück, Minou Nowrousian
RNA editing is a posttranscriptional process that modifies RNA molecules leading to transcript sequences that differ from their template DNA. A-to-I editing was found to be widely distributed in nuclear transcripts of metazoa, but was detected in fungi only recently in a study of the filamentous ascomycete Fusarium graminearum that revealed extensive A-to-I editing of mRNAs in sexual structures (fruiting bodies). Here, we searched for putative RNA editing events in RNA-seq data from Sordaria macrospora and Pyronema confluens, two distantly related filamentous ascomycetes, and in data from the Taphrinomycete Schizosaccharomyces pombe...
March 9, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338859/the-healthy-nordic-diet-predicts-muscle-strength-10-years-later-in-old-women-but-not-old-men
#4
Mia-Maria Perälä, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Satu Männistö, Minna K Salonen, Mika Simonen, Noora Kanerva, Taina Rantanen, Pertti Pohjolainen, Johan G Eriksson
Background: a number of nutrients have been found to be associated with better muscle strength and mass; however, the role of the whole diet on muscle strength and mass remains still unknown. Objective: to examine whether the healthy Nordic diet predicts muscle strength, and mass 10 years later among men and women. Methods: about 1,072 participants belong to the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study, born 1934-44. Diet was assessed with a validated food-frequency questionnaire during 2001-04...
March 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338828/validity-of-a-dietary-questionnaire-assessed-by-comparison-with-multiple-weighed-dietary-records-or-24-hour-recalls
#5
Changzheng Yuan, Donna Spiegelman, Eric B Rimm, Bernard A Rosner, Meir J Stampfer, Junaidah B Barnett, Jorge E Chavarro, Amy F Subar, Laura K Sampson, Walter C Willett
The authors evaluated the validity of a 152-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) by comparing it with two 7-day dietary records (7DDRs) or up to 4 automated self-administered 24-hour recalls (ASA24s) over a 1-year period in the women's Lifestyle Validation Study (2010-2012), conducted among subgroups of the Nurses' Health Studies. Intakes of energy and 44 nutrients were assessed using the 3 methods among 632 US women. Compared with the 7DDRs, SFFQ responses tended to underestimate sodium intake but overestimate intakes of energy, macronutrients, and several nutrients in fruits and vegetables, such as carotenoids...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338764/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-total-cancer-and-all-cause-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#6
Dagfinn Aune, Edward Giovannucci, Paolo Boffetta, Lars T Fadnes, NaNa Keum, Teresa Norat, Darren C Greenwood, Elio Riboli, Lars J Vatten, Serena Tonstad
Background: Questions remain about the strength and shape of the dose-response relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and mortality, and the effects of specific types of fruit and vegetables. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify these associations. Methods: PubMed and Embase were searched up to 29 September 2016. Prospective studies of fruit and vegetable intake and cardiovascular disease, total cancer and all-cause mortality were included...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338708/lower-risk-of-incident-dementia-among-chinese-older-adults-having-three-servings-of-vegetables-and-two-servings-of-fruits-a-day
#7
Allen T C Lee, Marcus Richards, Wai C Chan, Helen F K Chiu, Ruby S Y Lee, Linda C W Lam
Background: dietary modification can potentially reduce dementia risk, but the importance of fruits and the amount of vegetables and fruits required for cognitive maintenance are uncertain. We examined whether the minimal daily requirement of vegetables and fruits recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) would independently lower dementia risk. Methods: in this population-based observational study, we examined the diet of 17,700 community-living dementia-free Chinese older adults who attended the Elderly Health Centres in Hong Kong at baseline and followed their cognitive status for 6 years...
February 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336916/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-irrigation-and-fertilization-on-tomato-fruit-yield-and-quality-a-principal-component-analysis
#8
Xiukang Wang, Yingying Xing
Irrigation and fertilization are key practices for improving the fruit quality and yield of vegetables grown in greenhouses. We carried out an experiment in a solar greenhouse spanning three consecutive growing seasons to evaluate the effects of irrigation and fertilization on the fruit yield and quality, water use efficiency (WUE) and fertilizer partial factor productivity (PFP) of tomatoes. Interactions between irrigation and fertilization treatments and individual factors of irrigation and fertilization significantly (p < 0...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335639/a-teachers-training-program-accompanying-the-school-fruit-scheme-fruit-distribution-improves-children-s-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-an-italian-trial
#9
Romana Roccaldo, Laura Censi, Laura D'Addezio, Sibilla Berni Canani, Laura Gennaro
The effects of a nutrition education program, led by trained teachers within the Italian School Fruit Scheme, were evaluated. Pre-post intervention children's adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was assessed by the KIDMED test. A representative cluster sample of 494 fourth grade students from thirteen Italian schools in the three areas of low (North), medium (Centre) and high (South) prevalence of overweight and obesity was investigated. Within the same schools, the intervention group (n = 395) received the program, the control group (n = 99) did not...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335549/understanding-the-fresh-produce-safety-challenges
#10
EDITORIAL
Malik Altaf Hussain, Ravi Gooneratne
Consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables is important for a balanced diet and healthy life-style. [...].
March 21, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335441/dietary-intake-of-individual-free-and-intrinsic-sugars-and-food-sources-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#11
Emma Ruiz, Paula Rodriguez, Teresa Valero, José M Ávila, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
The consumption of total and individual sugars is controversial and little is known about consumption and dietary sources in Spain. The purpose was to examine free and intrinsic sugar intake and food and beverage sources. The ANIBES Study (Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 years old; n = 2009) carried out in 2013, was used. Food and beverage records were obtained by a three-day dietary record by using a tablet device...
March 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335382/feasibility%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-assessing%C3%A2-diet%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-mobile%C3%A2-food%C3%A2-record%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-adolescents%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-young%C3%A2-adults%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-down%C3%A2-syndrome
#12
Katherine E Bathgate, Jill L Sherriff, Helen Leonard, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Edward J Delp, Carol J Boushey, Deborah A Kerr
Technology-based methods for assessing diet in those with disability remains largely unexplored. The aim was to assess the feasibility of assessing diet with an image-based mobile food record application (mFR) in 51 adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (PANDs). Adherence was also assessed with the instruction to include a fiducial marker object in the before and after eating images. The PANDs sample completed a four-day mFR and results were compared with a sample of young adults from the Connecting Health and Technology study (CHAT, n = 244)...
March 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335038/a-comparative-effectiveness-education-trial-for-lifestyle-health-behavior-change-in-african-americans
#13
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Scarlett Bellamy, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Joseph Purnell, Rodney Rogers, Benita Weathers, Jerry C Johnson
Obesity and excess weight are significant clinical and public health issues that disproportionately affect African Americans because of physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. We compared the effects of alternate behavioral interventions on obesity-related health behaviors. We conducted a comparative effectiveness education trial in a community-based sample of 530 adult African Americans. Outcomes variables were physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake. Outcomes were evaluated at baseline and 1-month following interventions about shared risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (integrated, INT) or CVD only (disease-specific)...
March 18, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334909/changes-in-awareness-of-cancer-risk-factors-among-adult-new-zealanders-caanz-2001-to-2015
#14
R Richards, B McNoe, E Iosua, A I Reeder, R Egan, L Marsh, L Robertson, B Maclennan, A Dawson, R Quigg, A-C Petersen
Behaviour change, specifically that which decreases cancer risk, is an essential element of cancer control. Little information is available about how awareness of risk factors may be changing over time. This study describes the awareness of cancer risk behaviours among adult New Zealanders in two cross-sectional studies conducted in 2001 and 2014/5.Telephone interviews were conducted in 2001 (n = 436) and 2014/5 (n = 1064). Participants were asked to recall things they can do to reduce their risk of cancer...
February 27, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334069/standardized-sampling-plan-for-the-thrips-frankliniella-schultzei-thysanoptera-thripidae-on-watermelon-crops
#15
Cleovan Barbosa Pinto, Renato Almeida Sarmento, Tarcísio Visintin da Silva Galdino, Poliana Silvestre Pereira, Breno Gomes Barbosa, Carlos Henrique Oliveira Lima, Nilson Rodrigues da Silva, Marcelo Coutinho Picanço
Sampling plans are essential components of integrated pest management programs. The thrips Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is an important pest of watermelon crops. Despite the importance of sampling plans and of F. schultzei as a pest of watermelon crops, no research has been previously conducted on this subject for this crop. The objective of this work was to create a standardized sampling plan for F. schultzei in watermelon crops. Over two consecutive years, weekly samplings were performed in commercial watermelon crops...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333975/is-the-number-of-siblings-associated-with-dietary-patterns-in-adolescents-the-1993-birth-cohort-of-pelotas-brazil
#16
F O Meller, M C F Assunção, A A Schäfer, C Loret de Mola, D L Dahly, J S Vaz, F C Barros
Our study aimed to estimate the association between number of siblings and dietary patterns in adolescents. Prospective longitudinal study was developed using data from the birth cohort of the city of Pelotas, Brazil, which included 5249 participants. At the 18-year-old follow-up, from 4563 individuals located, 4106 were interviewed (follow-up rate 81.3%). Of these, 3751 were included in our principal component analysis of dietary patterns. Regular dietary intake of 45 food groups over the previous year was measured with a food frequency questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333599/a-community-driven-implementation-of-the-body-and-soul-program-in-churches-in-the-twin-cities-minnesota-2011-2014
#17
Erika Ashley Pinsker, Andrew W Enzler, Megan C Hoffman, Kathleen Thiede Call, Sylvia Amos, Alfred Babington-Johnson, Kolawole Stephen Okuyemi
BACKGROUND: African Americans have high disease and death rates due to cancer and cardiovascular disease. Health promotion efforts to improve diet have the potential to reduce these rates. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Given their importance in the community and the extent of their reach, churches are effective avenues for health promotion efforts targeting African Americans. The objectives of this project were to promote healthy eating among African American church members, engage African American churches in the implementation of Body and Soul (an evidenced-based program that encourages healthy eating), and implement the program in the community with minimal resources...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333357/dietary-patterns-foods-and-nutrients-in-male-fertility-parameters-and-fecundability-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#18
Albert Salas-Huetos, Mònica Bulló, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a global public health issue, affecting 15% of all couples of reproductive age. Male factors, including decreased semen quality, are responsible for ~25% of these cases. The dietary pattern, the components of the diet and nutrients have been studied as possible determinants of sperm function and/or fertility. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: Previous systematic reviews have been made of the few heterogeneous low-quality randomized clinical trials (RCTs) conducted in small samples of participants and investigating the effect of specific nutrients and nutritional supplements on male infertility...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333085/ebasis-bioactive-substances-in-food-information-systems-and-bioactive-intakes-major-updates-of-the-bioactive-compound-composition-and-beneficial-bioeffects-database-and-the-development-of-a-probabilistic-model-to-assess-intakes-in-europe
#19
Jenny Plumb, Sandrine Pigat, Foteini Bompola, Maeve Cushen, Hannah Pinchen, Eric Nørby, Siân Astley, Jacqueline Lyons, Mairead Kiely, Paul Finglas
eBASIS (Bioactive Substances in Food Information Systems), a web-based database that contains compositional and biological effects data for bioactive compounds of plant origin, has been updated with new data on fruits and vegetables, wheat and, due to some evidence of potential beneficial effects, extended to include meat bioactives. eBASIS remains one of only a handful of comprehensive and searchable databases, with up-to-date coherent and validated scientific information on the composition of food bioactives and their putative health benefits...
March 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332203/margins-of-freedom-a-field-theoretic-approach-to-class-based-health-dispositions-and-practices
#20
Patrick John Burnett, Gerry Veenstra
Pierre Bourdieu's theory of practice situates social practices in the relational interplay between experiential mental phenomena (habitus), resources (capitals) and objective social structures (fields). When applied to class-based practices in particular, the overarching field of power within which social classes are potentially made manifest is the primary field of interest. Applying relational statistical techniques to original survey data from Toronto and Vancouver, Canada, we investigated whether smoking, engaging in physical activity and consuming fruit and vegetables are dispersed in a three-dimensional field of power shaped by economic and cultural capitals and cultural dispositions and practices...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
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