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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811706/therapeutic-potential-of-flavonoids-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-comprehensive-review
#1
REVIEW
Ali Salaritabar, Behrad Darvishi, Farzaneh Hadjiakhoondi, Azadeh Manayi, Antoni Sureda, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Leo R Fitzpatrick, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Anupam Bishayee
The inflammatory process plays a central role in the development and progression of numerous pathological situations, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disorders. IBDs involve inflammation of the gastrointestinal area and mainly comprise Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Both pathological situations usually involve recurring or bloody diarrhea, pain, fatigue and weight loss. There is at present no pharmacological cure for CD or UC...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811336/catastrophic-unbalanced-genome-rearrangements-cause-somatic-loss-of-berry-color-in-grapevine
#2
Pablo Carbonell-Bejerano, Carolina Royo, Rafael Torres-Pérez, Jérôme Grimplet, Lucie Fernandez, Jose M Franco-Zorrilla, Diego Lijavetzky, Elisa Baroja, Juana Martínez, Enrique García-Escudero, Javier Ibáñez, José M Martínez-Zapater
Grape color somatic variants that can be used to develop new grapevine cultivars occasionally appear associated to deletion events of uncertain origin. To understand the mutational mechanisms generating somatic structural variation in grapevine, we compared the Tempranillo Blanco (TB) white berry somatic variant to its black berry ancestor, Tempranillo Tinto. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) uncovered a catastrophic genome rearrangement in TB that caused the hemizygous deletion of 313 genes, including the loss of the functional copy for the MYB transcription factors required for anthocyanin pigmentation in the berry skin...
August 15, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810509/spatiotemporal-assessment-and-trade-offs-of-multiple-ecosystem-services-based-on-land-use-changes-in-zengcheng-china
#3
Xiao Sun, Feng Li
Driven by rapid urbanization, land use change has become a significant factor influencing ecosystem services (ESs). To support the decision-making process of city planners and policy makers, assessing the spatiotemporal changes associated with multiple ESs is vital. In this study, we developed a general structure to assess the changes of multiple ESs in Zengcheng, China. A new index also was developed to measure the comprehensive ecosystem service (CES). Trade-offs of various ESs were analyzed by using correlation analysis...
August 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808612/para-i-famagu-on-ta-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-food-store-environment-and-childhood-overweight-obesity-in-the-children-s-healthy-living-program-on-guam
#4
Lenora Matanane, Marie Kainoa Fialkowski, Joshua Silva, Fenfang Li, Claudio Nigg, Rachael T Leon Guerrero, Rachel Novotny
This cross-sectional study examined the: (1) association between food store environment (FSE), fruit and vegetable (FV) availability and access, and prevalence of early childhood overweight/obesity (COWOB); and (2) influence of young child actual FV intake on the relationship between the FSE and early COWOB prevalence. Anthropometric and socio-demographic data of children (2 to 8 years; N=466) in baseline communities on Guam participating in the Children's Healthy Living (CHL) Program community trial were included...
August 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808544/flower-power-floral-and-resource-manipulations-reveal-how-and-why-reproductive-trade-offs-occur-for-lowbush-blueberry-vaccinium-angustifolium
#5
Alex W Bajcz, Francis A Drummond
Plant reproductive trade-offs are thought to be caused by resource limitations or other constraints, but more empirical support for these hypotheses would be welcome. Additionally, quantitative characterization of these trade-offs, as well as consideration of whether they are linear, could yield additional insights. We expanded our flower removal research on lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) to explore the nature of and causes of its reproductive trade-offs. We used fertilization, defoliation, positionally biased flower removal, and multiple flower removal levels to discern why reproductive trade-offs occur in this taxon and to plot these trade-offs along two continuous axes...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807638/food-waste-in-the-national-school-lunch-program-1978-2015-a-systematic-review
#6
Carmen Byker Shanks, Jinan Banna, Elena L Serrano
BACKGROUND: Food waste studies have been used for more than 40 years to assess nutrient intake, dietary quality, menu performance, food acceptability, cost, and effectiveness of nutrition education in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). OBJECTIVE: Describe methods used to measure food waste and respective results in the NSLP across time. METHODS: A systematic review using PubMed, Science Direct, Informaworld, and Institute of Scientific Information Web of Knowledge was conducted using the following search terms: waste, school lunch, plate waste, food waste, kitchen, half method, quarter method, weight, and photography...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807068/secular-trends-in-dietary-patterns-of-young-children-in-brazil-from-1996-to-2006
#7
Ana Elisa Madalena Rinaldi, Wolney Lisboa Conde
OBJECTIVE: To describe dietary patterns (DP) from 1996 to 2006 and in the first 5 years of life and to explore individual and contextual characteristics associated with each DP. DESIGN: DP were defined by principal component analysis. The association between DP and individual (sociodemographic, maternal and child) and contextual (geographic regional and year) characteristics was analysed by multilevel analysis. SETTING: Two complex probabilistic Brazilian Demographic and Health Surveys (BDHS 1996, 2006)...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806418/seasonality-affects-dietary-diversity-of-school-age-children-in-northern-ghana
#8
Abdul-Razak Abizari, Fusta Azupogo, Miwako Nagasu, Noortje Creemers, Inge D Brouwer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dietary diversity score (DDS) is relatively easy to measure and is shown to be a very useful indicator of the probability of adequate micronutrient intake. Dietary diversity, however, is usually assessed during a single period and little is known about the effect of seasonality on it. This study investigates whether dietary diversity is influenced by seasonality. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in two different seasons-dry season (October 2010) and rainy season (May 2011) among the same school-age children (SAC) in two rural schools in northern Ghana...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805668/locally-sustainable-school-lunch-intervention-improves-hemoglobin-and-hematocrit-levels-and-body-mass-index-among-elementary-schoolchildren-in-rural-west-java-indonesia
#9
Makiko Sekiyama, Katrin Roosita, Ryutaro Ohtsuka
School lunch is not provided in public elementary schools in Indonesia, and students frequently buy and eat snacks at school. We hypothesized that providing a traditional Sundanese meal as school lunch would be beneficial for children in rural West Java. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the effect of a 1-month school lunch intervention aiming at sustainability and based on children's nutritional intake, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, and body mass index (BMI). A lunch (including rice, vegetable dish, animal protein dish, plant protein dish, and fruit) containing one-third of the recommended daily allowance of energy was offered every school day for 1 month, targeting 68 fourth-grade elementary schoolchildren...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803596/associations-of-baltic-sea-and-mediterranean-dietary-patterns-with-bone-mineral-density-in-elderly-women
#10
Arja T Erkkilä, Homa Sadeghi, Masoud Isanejad, Jaakko Mursu, Marjo Tuppurainen, Heikki Kröger
OBJECTIVE: Dietary quality in relation to bone health has been analysed in relatively few studies. The current study aimed to assess the association of the Baltic Sea diet (BSD) and the Mediterranean diet (MD) with bone mineral density (BMD) among elderly women. DESIGN: Lumbar, femoral and total body BMD were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline and year 3. Dietary intake was measured by 3 d food record at baseline. BSD and MD scores were calculated from food and alcohol consumption and nutrient intake...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802299/child-and-parental-perspectives-on-diet-and-physical-activity-decisions-implications-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-china
#11
Youfa Wang, Alice Fang Yan, Xinyu Shi, Huijun Wang, Zhiyong Wang, Joel Gittelsohn, Fei Xu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a global epidemic. In China, 42% of adults and about onefifth of children are overweight or obese. In major cities, about one-third of boys are overweight or obese. This study aimed to understand how children and parents in China make eating and physical activity (PA) decisions, considering individual, family, community, social, and environmental factors, and to collect parents' recommendations for interventions to promote healthy eating and physical activity...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802282/evolution-of-mediterranean-diets-and-cuisine-concepts-and-definitions
#12
Sue Radd-Vagenas, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Victoria M Flood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Mediterranean diet has been demonstrated to provide a range of health benefits in observational and clinical trials and adopted by various dietary guidelines. However, a broad range of definitions exist impeding synthesis across trials. This review aims to provide a historical description of Mediterranean diets, from the ancient to the modern, to inform future educational and diet index tool development representing the 'traditional' Mediterranean diet. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Nine databases were searched from inception to July 2015 to identify papers defining the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802169/human-health-risk-assessment-on-the-consumption-of-fruits-and-vegetables-containing-residual-pesticides-a-cancer-and-non-cancer-risk-benefit-perspective
#13
Mathieu Valcke, Marie-Hélène Bourgault, Louis Rochette, Louise Normandin, Onil Samuel, Denis Belleville, Carole Blanchet, Denise Phaneuf
Pesticide residues in food is a public health concern. This study aimed to evaluate health risk and benefit associated with chronic consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) containing residual pesticides in the province of Quebec, Canada. Based on a representative sample of Quebecers (n=4727, aged 1-79) enrolled in the Canadian nutrition survey, population's mean chronic dietary exposure through consumption of F&V was evaluated for 169 different pesticide active ingredients (PAI), including 135 for which toxicological reference values (TRV) were available in the literature...
August 9, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801145/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-dietary-patterns-according-to-nutritional-status-in-adolescents
#14
Rita de Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, Rosemeire Leovigildo Fiaccone, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição-Machado, Ana Santos Ruiz, Maurício Lima Barreto, Mônica Leila Portela Santana
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction (BID) and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants completed the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake...
August 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800879/the-association-between-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-fruit-and-vegetable-stage-of-change-in-underserved-communities-engaging-with-cooperative-extension-services
#15
Shannon M Robson, Elizabeth Orsega-Smith, Katie Greenawalt, P M Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To compare differences in fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and FV stage of change in 2 diverse communities engaging with cooperative extension services (Extension). METHODS: Cross-sectional study of FV behaviors of community members enrolled in a team-based challenge offered by Extension. t test and chi-square analyses examined differences in FV intake and FV stage of change. Linear regression examined the relationship between FV stage of change and FV intake, adjusting for demographics...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799790/review-comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-decontaminating-strategies-for-fresh-fruits-and-vegetables-and-related-limitations
#16
Jae-Hyun Yoon, Sun-Young Lee
Given that it should be aware of the nutritional benefits, resulting from the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed raw and/or minimally processed, comparing the efficacy of different individual sanitizing methods against the major food-borne pathogens localized in fresh commodities is of much importance; these products are easily vulnerable to the microbial contamination. In this review, the current propensity of alternative sanitizing methods was introduced, as well as principal elements for deteriorating the cleaning effects were also discussed...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799779/melatonin-intake-and-potential-chronobiological-effects-on-human-health
#17
Ana Luiza Gomes Domingos, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Josefina Bressan
Melatonin is an indolamine with a recognized chronobiotic role. In turn, the supplementation of melatonin through capsules has been shown to be efficient in the modulation of inflammatory markers, oxidative stress, as well as in the control of hypertension and metabolic syndrome. However, the science of nutrition is interested in the study of the food sources of this hormone and its possible therapeutic effects. Thus, this review aimed to identify and present scientific papers that quantified melatonin in foods and evaluated its application in intervention studies...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798944/diet-alcohol-use-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-black-church-goers
#18
Nga T Nguyen, Elaine J Savoy, Lorraine R Reitzel, Minh-Anh H Nguyen, David W Wetter, Jacqueline Reese-Smith, Lorna H McNeill
OBJECTIVES: Interventions for colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention among black adults are needed. Connections between CRC screening non-adherence and other health risk behaviors may inform intervention development. METHODS: Associations between red meat (RM) and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, at-risk alcohol use, and CRC ever-screening were examined using adjusted logistic regressions among 520 church-going black adults in Houston, Texas, aged >50. RESULTS: In the final adjusted model, being younger, uninsured, eating more RM and engaging in at-risk alcohol use were associated with lower likelihood of CRC ever-screening...
March 2017: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797794/measuring-micro-level-effects-of-a-new-supermarket-do-residents-within-0-5-mile-have-improved-dietary-behaviors
#19
Stephanie Rogus, Jessica Athens, Jonathan Cantor, Brian Elbel
BACKGROUND: Local and national policies to encourage supermarket opening or expansion are popular strategies for improving access to healthy food for residents in neighborhoods lacking these types of stores, yet few evaluations of such initiatives exist. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to test whether a newly opened supermarket in the Bronx, NY, changed household availability of healthy and unhealthy food items and reported daily consumption of these items among respondents residing in close proximity (≤0...
August 8, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792482/association-and-interaction-effect-of-agtr1-and-agtr2-gene-polymorphisms-with-dietary-pattern-on-metabolic-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-malaysian-adults
#20
Roseline Wai Kuan Yap, Yoshihiro Shidoji, Wai Sum Yap, Motofumi Masaki
Gene-diet interaction using a multifactorial approach is preferred to study the multiple risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study examined the association and gene-diet interaction effects of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AGTR1) gene (rs5186), and type 2 receptor (AGTR2) gene (rs1403543) polymorphisms on metabolic risk factors of CVD in Malaysian adults. CVD parameters (BMI, blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and TC/HDL-C ratio), and constructed dietary patterns "vegetables, fruits, and soy diet" (VFSD), and "rice, egg, and fish diet" (REFD) were obtained from previous studies...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
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