Ghulam Murtaza, Kuo Gao, Tiegang Liu, Imran Tariq, Ashif Sajjad, Muhammad Rouf Akram, Meiying Niu, Guokai Liu, Zahid Mehmood, Guihua Tian
Tumor progression is supported by the lymphatic system which should be scanned efficiently for tumor staging as well as the enhanced therapeutic outcomes. Poor resolution and low sensitivity is a limitation of traditional lymphatic imaging modalities; thus new noninvasive approaches like nanocarriers, magnetic resonance imaging, positron-emission tomography, and quantum dots are advantageous. Some newer modalities, which are under development, and their potential uses will also be discussed in this review.
2014: BioMed Research International