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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367722/feline-urine-metabolomic-signature-characterization-of-low-molecular-weight-substances-in-urine-from-domestic-cats
#1
Sol-Maiam Rivera-Vélez, Nicolas F Villarino
Objectives This aim of this study was to characterize the composition and content of the feline urine metabolome. Methods Eight healthy domestic cats were acclimated at least 10 days before starting the study. Urine samples (~2 ml) were collected by ultrasound-guided cystocentesis. Samples were centrifuged at 1000 × g for 8 mins, and the supernatant was analyzed by gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometery. The urine metabolome was characterized using an untargeted metabolomics approach. Results Three hundred and eighteen metabolites were detected in the urine of the eight cats...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320483/human-and-feline-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-have-comparable-phenotype-immunomodulatory-functions-and-transcriptome
#2
Kaitlin C Clark, Fernando A Fierro, Emily Mills Ko, Naomi J Walker, Boaz Arzi, Clifford G Tepper, Heather Dahlenburg, Andrew Cicchetto, Amir Kol, Lyndsey Marsh, William J Murphy, Nasim Fazel, Dori L Borjesson
BACKGROUND: Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) are a promising cell therapy to treat inflammatory and immune-mediated diseases. Development of appropriate pre-clinical animal models is critical to determine safety and attain early efficacy data for the most promising therapeutic candidates. Naturally occurring diseases in cats already serve as valuable models to inform human clinical trials in oncologic, cardiovascular, and genetic diseases. The objective of this study was to complete a comprehensive side-by-side comparison of human and feline ASCs, with an emphasis on their immunomodulatory capacity and transcriptome...
March 20, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245741/isfm-consensus-guidelines-on-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-hypertension-in-cats
#3
Samantha S Taylor, Andrew H Sparkes, Katherine Briscoe, Jenny Carter, Salva Cervantes Sala, Rosanne E Jepson, Brice S Reynolds, Brian A Scansen
Practical relevance: Feline hypertension is a common disease in older cats that is frequently diagnosed in association with other diseases such as chronic kidney disease and hyperthyroidism (so-called secondary hypertension), although some cases of apparent primary hypertension are also reported. The clinical consequences of hypertension can be severe, related to 'target organ damage' (eye, heart and vasculature, brain and kidneys), and early diagnosis followed by appropriate therapeutic management should help reduce the morbidity associated with this condition...
March 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208720/doxorubicin-conjugated-to-glutathione-stabilized-gold-nanoparticles-au-gsh-dox-as-an-effective-therapeutic-agent-for-feline-injection-site-sarcomas-chick-embryo-chorioallantoic-membrane-study
#4
Katarzyna Zabielska-Koczywąs, Izabella Dolka, Magdalena Król, Artur Żbikowski, Wiktor Lewandowski, Józef Mieczkowski, Michał Wójcik, Roman Lechowski
Feline injection-site sarcomas are malignant skin tumours with a high local recurrence rate, ranging from 14% to 28%. The treatment of feline injection-site sarcomas includes radical surgery, radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. In our previous study it has been demonstrated that doxorubicin conjugated to glutathione-stabilized gold nanoparticles (Au-GSH-Dox) has higher cytotoxic effects than free doxorubicin for feline fibrosarcoma cell lines with high glycoprotein P activity (FFS1, FFS3). The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of intratumoural injection of Au-GSH-Dox on the growth of tumours from the FFS1 and FFS3 cell lines on chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane...
February 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980080/difficulties-in-administration-of-oral-medication-formulations-to-pet-cats-an-e-survey-of-cat-owners
#5
M Sivén, S Savolainen, S Räntilä, S Männikkö, M Vainionpää, S Airaksinen, M Raekallio, O Vainio, A M Juppo
The purpose here was to determine the problems cat owners encounter in medicating their cats with orally administered drugs at home. The study was carried out as an open e-questionnaire survey addressed to cat owners in which the authors focused on the oral administration route. A total of 46 completed questionnaires were included in the survey. In the study, 46 cats received 67 orally administered drugs. Approximately half of the drugs were registered for use in cats by the European Medicines Agency (54 per cent), and there were also off-label drugs registered for human (36 per cent) and canine medication (7...
March 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907059/quantitative-and-selective-analysis-of-feline-growth-related-proteins-using-parallel-reaction-monitoring-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#6
Mårten Sundberg, Emma M Strage, Jonas Bergquist, Bodil S Holst, Margareta Ramström
Today immunoassays are widely used in veterinary medicine, but lack of species specific assays often necessitates the use of assays developed for human applications. Mass spectrometry (MS) is an attractive alternative due to high specificity and versatility, allowing for species-independent analysis. Targeted MS-based quantification methods are valuable complements to large scale shotgun analysis. A method referred to as parallel reaction monitoring (PRM), implemented on Orbitrap MS, has lately been presented as an excellent alternative to more traditional selected reaction monitoring/multiple reaction monitoring (SRM/MRM) methods...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900781/the-present-and-future-of-opioid-analgesics-in-small-animal-practice
#7
REVIEW
B T Simon, P V Steagall
Opioids are the cornerstone for the treatment of acute pain in small animal patients. This is primarily because of their remarkable safety profile, high efficacy, and benefit of reversibility. There have been some significant advances in our knowledge on opioid pharmacology and clinical usage in companion animal medicine. This review discusses the progression of opioid use in small animal practice providing current misconceptions and controversies in light of routes of administration. Potential targets for research and drug development and novel therapies are discussed in addition to the concepts of glial cell modulators, individual variability, and opioid tolerance and hyperalgesia...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859751/subclinical-bacteriuria-in-older-cats-and-its-association-with-survival
#8
J D White, N J Cave, A Grinberg, D G Thomas, C Heuer
BACKGROUND: Bacterial urinary tract infections are uncommon in cats in general but the prevalence increases to 29% in older cats with comorbidities (Veterinary Clinical Pathology 2008, 37, 317; Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery 2007, 9, 124; Veterinary Microbiology 2009, 136, 130). Frequently, the infections are subclinical. The clinical relevance of subclinical bacteriuria (SB) is uncertain, and the optimal treatment requires clarification. OBJECTIVE: Prospective, observational study to: (i) identify the prevalence and incidence count of SB in older (≥7 years), nonazotemic cats, (ii) evaluate specific risk factors for SB, and (iii) investigate the potential relationship between untreated SB and survival...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807684/inhibition-of-murine-norovirus-and-feline-calicivirus-by-edible-herbal-extracts
#9
Dong Joo Seo, Changsun Choi
Human noroviruses (HuNoVs) cause foodborne and waterborne viral gastroenteritis worldwide. Because HuNoV culture systems have not been developed thus far, no available medicines or vaccines preventing infection with HuNoVs exist. Some herbal extracts were considered as phytomedicines because of their bioactive components. In this study, the inhibitory effects of 29 edible herbal extracts against the norovirus surrogates murine norovirus (MNV) and feline calicivirus (FCV) were examined. FCV was significantly inhibited to 86...
November 2, 2016: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774699/characterization-of-teratogenic-potential-and-gene-expression-in-canine-and-feline-amniotic-membrane-derived-stem-cells
#10
M T Cardoso, A O Pinheiro, A S Vidane, J B Casals, V C de Oliveira, Njn Gonçalves, D S Martins, C E Ambrósio
The biosafety of innovative procedures that utilize stem cells in regenerative medicine has been addressed in several studies. Previous work has showed no tumour formation following the use of feline and human amniotic membrane-derived stem cells (AMSCs). In contrast, tumour formation was observed when canine AMSCs were utilized. These findings suggested that feline and human, but not canine, AMSCs are suitable for cell transplantation trials. This study aimed to further evaluate the feasibility of utilizing canine AMSCs for transplantation purposes as well as for felines...
October 23, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755584/molecular-characterization-of-the-cytidine-monophosphate-n-acetylneuraminic-acid-hydroxylase-cmah-gene-associated-with-the-feline-ab-blood-group-system
#11
Toshinori Omi, Shota Nakazawa, Chihiro Udagawa, Naomi Tada, Kazuhiko Ochiai, Yong Hwa Chong, Yuiko Kato, Hiroko Mitsui, Azusa Gin, Hitomi Oda, Daigo Azakami, Kyoichi Tamura, Toshinori Sako, Takeshi Inagaki, Atsushi Sakamoto, Toshihiko Tsutsui, Makoto Bonkobara, Shuichi Tsuchida, Shigenori Ikemoto
Cat's AB blood group system (blood types A, B, and AB) is of major importance in feline transfusion medicine. Type A and type B antigens are Neu5Gc and Neu5Ac, respectively, and the enzyme CMAH participating in the synthesis of Neu5Gc from Neu5Ac is associated with this cat blood group system. Rare type AB erythrocytes express both Neu5Gc and Neu5Ac. Cat serum contains naturally occurring antibodies against antigens occurring in the other blood types. To understand the molecular genetic basis of this blood group system, we investigated the distribution of AB blood group antigens, CMAH gene structure, mutation, diplotypes, and haplotypes of the cat CMAH genes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736928/evaluation-of-feline-renal-perfusion-with-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-and-scintigraphy
#12
Emmelie Stock, Katrien Vanderperren, Tim Bosmans, André Dobbeleir, Luc Duchateau, Myriam Hesta, Lien Lybaert, Kathelijne Peremans, Eva Vandermeulen, Jimmy Saunders
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an emerging technique to evaluate tissue perfusion. Promising results have been obtained in the evaluation of renal perfusion in health and disease, both in human and veterinary medicine. Renal scintigraphy using 99mTc-Mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) is another non-invasive technique that can be used to evaluate renal perfusion. However, no data are available on the ability of CEUS or 99mTc- MAG3 scintigraphy to detect small changes in renal perfusion in cats. Therefore, both techniques were applied in a normal feline population to evaluate detection possibilities of perfusion changes by angiotensin II (AT II)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670935/determination-of-gestational-time-and-prediction-of-parturition-in-dogs-and-cats-an-update
#13
M Beccaglia, S Alonge, C Trovo', G C Luvoni
Accurate prediction of delivery date in canine and feline allows a better management of parturition, reducing the loss of neonates. This review evaluates the most common methods adopted to accurately predict the day of delivery: determination of ovulation and hormonal assays, first appearance of embryonic/foetal structures using ultrasound or radiography, echographic measurement of extra-foetal and foetal structures, or evaluation of foetal flux and heart rate. Determination of ovulation and hormonal assays at the time of breeding and close to pregnancy term is widely used to predict parturition in dogs (Concannon et al...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642138/detection-of-bacterial-contamination-and-dna-quantification-in-stored-blood-units-in-2-veterinary-hospital-blood-banks
#14
Valentina Stefanetti, Arianna Miglio, Katia Cappelli, Stefano Capomaccio, Elisa Sgariglia, Maria L Marenzoni, Maria T Antognoni, Mauro Coletti, Vittorio Mangili, Fabrizio Passamonti
Blood transfusions in veterinary medicine have become increasingly more common and are now an integral part of lifesaving and advanced treatment in small and large animals. Important risks associated with transfusion of blood products include the transmission of various infectious diseases. Several guidelines suggest what infectious agents to screen for in canine and feline transfusion medicine. However, while the risk of bacterial contamination of blood products during storage and administration has not been documented in veterinary medicine, it has emerged as a cause of morbidity and mortality in human transfusion medicine...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638447/loco-regional-immune-default-the-immunocompromised-district-in-human-and-comparative-dermatology
#15
Stefano Caccavale, Diana Di Mattia, Eleonora Ruocco
Lately, the innovative concept of an immunocompromised cutaneous district (ICD) has been introduced to explain why a previously injured cutaneous site may become in time a privileged location for the onset of opportunistic infections, tumors, and immune reactions. The injuring events capable of rendering a skin region a potential ICD are various, numerous, and most of the time identifiable by means of a careful clinical history. The reason that only a small minority of injured skin areas actually becomes ICDs, with subsequent opportunistic localization of a second and unrelated skin disorder, is presently unknown...
September 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613648/single-dose-pharmacokinetics-and-cardiovascular-effects-of-oral-pimobendan-in-healthy-cats
#16
M Yata, A J McLachlan, D J R Foster, A S Hanzlicek, N J Beijerink
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of oral pimobendan in conscious, healthy cats. ANIMALS: Eight healthy adult cats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised, single-blinded, crossover design was used. Two oral doses of pimobendan (0.625-mg [LD], 1.25-mg [HD]) and a control substance (3-mL water) were administered to each cat. Blood collection, echocardiography, and oscillometric blood pressure measurements were performed repeatedly for 12 h following each dose...
December 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578201/does-categorisation-of-lymphoma-subtypes-according-to-the-world-health-organization-classification-predict-clinical-outcome-in-cats
#17
Birgitt Wolfesberger, Ondrej Skor, Sabine E Hammer, Irene Flickinger, Miriam Kleiter, Barbara C Rütgen, Ilse Schwendenwein, Alexander Tichy, Katharina M Hittmair, Brigitte Degasperi, Andrea Fuchs-Baumgartinger
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to specify lymphoma subtypes according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification in a group of cats and to investigate their potential prognostic value. METHODS: Records of cats from the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna suffering from lymphoma were reviewed in this retrospective study. To diagnose various subtypes specified in the WHO classification, histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations, as well as clonality assays in some cases, were performed...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516559/raising-awareness-of-common-problems-in-older-cats
#18
(no author information available yet)
The need to actively look for signs of disease in older cats was discussed during a recent conference held by the International Society of Feline Medicine (ISFM) in Malta. Delegates heard that many older cats could be suffering from diseases associated with ageing but might show only subtle clinical signs. Suzanne Jarvis reports.
August 13, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486584/therapeutic-management-of-feline-chronic-gingivostomatitis-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Jenna N Winer, Boaz Arzi, Frank J M Verstraete
Feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS) is a disease characterized by protracted and potentially debilitating oral inflammation in cats, the etiology of which is currently unknown. The purpose of this review is to apply an evidence-based medicine approach to systematically review and critically evaluate the scientific literature reporting the outcome of medical and surgical management of FCGS. Those articles meeting inclusion criteria were reviewed and assigned an "Experimental Design Grade" (EDG) and an "Evidence Grade" (EG) in order to score relative strength of study design and produced data...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428874/quality-requirements-for-veterinary-hematology-analyzers-in-small-animals-a-survey-about-veterinary-experts-requirements-and-objective-evaluation-of-analyzer-performance-based-on-a-meta-analysis-of-method-validation-studies-bench-top-hematology-analyzer
#20
Andrea M Cook, Andreas Moritz, Kathleen P Freeman, Natali Bauer
BACKGROUND: Scarce information exists about quality requirements and objective evaluation of performance of large veterinary bench top hematology analyzers. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed at comparing the observed total error (TEobs ) derived from meta-analysis of published method validation data to the total allowable error (TEa ) for veterinary hematology variables in small animals based on experts' opinions. Ideally, TEobs should be < TEa . METHODS: An online survey was sent to veterinary experts in clinical pathology and small animal internal medicine for providing the maximal allowable deviation from a given result for each variable...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
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