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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662713/are-the-skin-scar-characteristics-and-closure-of-the-parietal-peritoneum-associated-with-pelvic-adhesions
#1
Numan Çim, Erkan Elçi, Gülhan Güneş Elçi, Necat Almalı, Recep Yıldızhan
Objective: To assess whether the abdominal scar characteristics and closure of the peritoneum were associated with pelvic adhesions. Materials and Methods: Patients who had undergone cesarean section between December 2015 and February 2016 were assessed prospectively in terms of age, gravida, body mass index, number of living children, number of cesarean sections, time passed since the last cesarean section, closure status of the peritoneum in the last cesarean section, presence of other diseases, smoking status, location of incision in the abdomen (medial, pfannenstiel) scar dimensions (length, width), scar status with respect to skin (hypertrophic, flat, depressive), scar color [color change/no color change (hyperpigmented/hypopigmented)], adhesion of bowel-omentum-uterus, omentum-anterior abdominal wall, uterus-anterior abdominal wall, uterus-bladder, bladder-anterior abdominal wall, fixed uterus, and uterus-omentum-anterior abdominal wall in abdominal exploration...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660797/repair-of-a-giant-omphalocele-in-an-infant-with-a-pericardial-implant-crosslinked-with-oligourethane
#2
Juan Vargas-Mancilla, María A Torrero-Serrato, Aarón J Palacios-Rodríguez, Gloria B Rodríguez-de León, Metzeri I Montes-Rodríguez, Birzabith Mendoza-Novelo
The giant omphalocele (GO) represents a challenge for the pediatric surgeon in its management and wall abdominoplasty. Here, we report the outcome of a case in which a GO in a newborn patient was repaired with an implant derived from decellularized bovine pericardium crosslinked with oligourethane. The implantation time was extended for 6 months. This was then followed up by the retrieval of the implant and the subsequent reconstruction in a second surgical time by the closure of the abdominal wall fascia...
April 16, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659421/air-splinting-maneuver-during-flexible-bronchoscopy-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Rahul Magazine, Bharti Chogtu
BACKGROUND: Magazine's maneuver was developed for ease of insertion of the flexible bronchoscope, on encountering a closed lumen at the nasopharynx-oropharynx junction. The purposes of this study were to find the frequency of occurrence of such luminal closures and to compare the efficacy of Magazine's maneuver, with other variations of the maneuver, in improving visualization of the upper airway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged 18 years and above who were undergoing flexible bronchoscopy were included, and their demographic and clinical data were noted...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658656/comparison-between-endoscopic-and-laparoscopic-removal-of-gastric-submucosal-tumor
#4
REVIEW
Nobutsugu Abe, Hirohisa Takeuchi, Atsuko Ohki, Yoshikazu Hashimoto, Toshiyuki Mori, Masanori Sugiyama
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A retrospective study was conducted to compare two resection methods, namely, endoscopic resection (ER) procedures (endoscopic submucosal dissection [ESD], endoscopic muscularis dissection [EMD], and endoscopic full-thickness resection [EFTR]) and laparoscopic resections (LR) (laparoscopic endoscopic cooperative surgery [LECS] and laparoscopic wedge resection). METHODS: Seventy-three patients who underwent ER (N = 33: ESD, N = 4; EMD, N = 15; EFTR, N = 14) or LR (N = 39: LECS, N = 16; wedge resection, N = 23) for gastric submucosal tumor (G-SMT) smaller than 50 mm were included in this study...
April 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657707/abdominal-tattoo-can-be-useful-to-avoid-a-midline-abdominal-incision
#5
Jose' F Velasquez, Gisella Nele, Salvatore Giordano
We report a case in which abdominal tattoo margins were modified and used to hide the surgical incision for desmoid tumour removal. Our patient is a 37-year-old female with history remarkable for atrial septal defect closure at the age of ten, but not for previous abdominal surgeries or trauma. A desmoid tumour diagnosis was made upon needle biopsy of the 5 × 4 cm2 mass confined to the rectus abdominis. Subsequently, tumour was resected with an incision through the tattoo upper margin and abdominal wall was reconstructed with primary fascial closure mesh reinforced...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656355/nacl-impact-on-kosteletzkya-pentacarpos-seedlings-simultaneously-exposed-to-cadmium-and-zinc-toxicities
#6
Ming-Xi Zhou, Hélène Dailly, Marie-Eve Renard, Rui-Ming Han, Stanley Lutts
Data regarding NaCl impact on halophyte plant species exposed to a polymetallic contamination remain scarce. Seedlings of the salt marsh species Kosteletzkya pentacarpos were simultaneously exposed to cadmium (10 μM) and zinc (100 μM) in the absence or presence of 50 mM NaCl. Heavy metal exposure reduced plant growth and increased Cd and Zn concentrations in all organs. Cd and Zn accumulation reduced net photosynthesis in relation to stomatal closure, decreased in chlorophyll concentration and alteration in chlorophyll fluorescence-related parameters...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649485/occult-globe-rupture-diagnostic-and-treatment-challenge
#7
REVIEW
Argyrios Chronopoulos, Jong Min Ong, Gabriele Thumann, James S Schutz
Occult globe rupture is a traumatic dehiscence of the sclera at or posterior to the rectus muscle insertions without a visible eye wall defect on slit lamp examination. Occult scleral ruptures are important because they can be difficult to diagnose, but normally require preoperative protection against external pressure to reduce risk of herniation of ocular contents through the rupture and then urgent surgical repair to restore eye wall structural integrity and achieve optimum prognosis. A deeper than normal anterior chamber with posteriorly retracted plateau iris seen immediately after acute ocular trauma is virtually pathognomonic of posterior globe dehiscence...
April 9, 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644382/prolapse-reduction-deteriorates-the-urethral-closure-mechanism
#8
Yasmine Khayyami, Gunnar Lose, Niels Klarskov
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) reduction is often performed in the preoperative assessment of women before POP surgery. Using urethral pressure reflectometry (UPR), we sought to investigate how POP reduction affects the urethral closure mechanism. METHODS: Women with anterior or posterior vaginal wall prolapse stage ≥II with and without POP reduction were examined with a speculum. We performed prolapse staging according to the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system, UPR measurements at rest and during squeezing, and standardized stress tests with 300 ml saline...
April 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628208/complex-gastroschisis-clinical-spectrum-and-neonatal-outcomes-at-a-referral-center
#9
Pablo Laje, Maria V Fraga, William H Peranteau, Holly L Hedrick, Nahla Khalek, Juliana S Gebb, Julie S Moldenhauer, Mark P Johnson, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the outcomes of neonates with complex gastroschisis (GC), and correlate outcomes with each type of complication. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with complex GC owing to prenatal and/or postnatal abdominal complications; 2008-2016. Primary outcomes: time to discontinue parenteral nutrition (off-PN), length of stay (LOS) and neonatal survival. MAIN RESULTS: We treated 58 patients with complex gastroschisis owing to abdominal complications, which were: intestinal necrosis at birth (n=9), intestinal atresia (n=16), medical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (n=15), surgical NEC (n=1), in utero volvulus (n=1), vanishing gastroschisis (n=2), severe intestinal dysmotility (n=1), delayed abdominal closure (n=3), abdominal compartment syndrome (n=2) and hiatal hernia/severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; n=11)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620356/benzoquinone-bridged-heterocyclic-zwitterions-as-building-blocks-for-molecular-semiconductors-and-metals
#10
Kristina Lekin, Alicea A Leitch, Abdeljalil Assoud, Wenjun Yong, Jacques Desmarais, John S Tse, Serge Desgreniers, Richard A Secco, Richard T Oakley
In pursuit of closed-shell building blocks for single-component organic semiconductors and metals, we have prepared benzoquino-bis-1,2,3-thiaselenazole QS, a heterocyclic selenium-based zwitterion with a small gap (λmax = 729 nm) between its highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals. In the solid state, QS exists in two crystalline phases and one nanocrystalline phase. The structures of the crystalline phases (space groups R3 c and P21 / c) have been determined by high-resolution powder X-ray diffraction methods at ambient and elevated pressures (0-15 GPa), and their crystal packing patterns have been compared with that of the related all-sulfur zwitterion benzoquino-bis-1,2,3-dithiazole QT (space group Cmc21 )...
April 5, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619591/a-case-of-anastomotic-stenosis-of-the-small-intestine-caused-by-cholesterol-crystal-embolism
#11
Koji Murono, Kazushige Kawai, Keisuke Hata, Shigenobu Emoto, Manabu Kaneko, Kazuhito Sasaki, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Toshiaki Tanaka, Masako Ikemura, Hiroaki Nozawa
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol crystal embolism (CCE) is caused by small crystals of cholesterol dispersed from atherosclerotic plaques of the aorta. There is an increasing interest in CCE because of the increased use of endovascular treatments. Here, we report a rare case of intestinal stenosis caused by CCE after functional end-to-end anastomosis (FEEA). To our knowledge, this is the first report of CCE causing such an anastomotic stenosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 77-year-old male patient underwent laparoscopy-assisted low anterior resection and protective ileostomy for rectal carcinoid tumor...
April 4, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608019/comparison-of-urodynamics-and-perineal-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-mixed-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#12
Yang Hu, Yelin Lou, Limin Liao, Min Xu, Heng Zhang, Qing Yang, Haixiao Wu
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare urodynamic studies (UDS) and perineal ultrasonography (US) for the assessment of mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) in women in China. METHODS: Adult women with MUI and healthy control participants were enrolled from 2 centers in China (Zhejiang and Beijing) between September 2010 and April 2017. Baseline clinical characteristics were recorded. The MUI type was categorized by the King's Health Questionnaire: stress-predominant, urge-predominant, or equal predominance...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606334/apical-transverse-motion-is-associated-with-interventricular-mechanical-delay-and-decreased-left-ventricular-function-in-children-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#13
Wei Hui, Cameron Slorach, Mark K Friedberg
BACKGROUND: Apical transverse motion (ATM) is associated with electromechanical dyssynchrony in adult dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Bundle branch block electromechanical dyssynchrony is uncommon in pediatric DCM, but ATM and its association with ventricular function have not been characterized. METHODS: Fifty-six children with DCM were retrospectively studied. Using echocardiography, ATM was assessed visually and by speckle-tracking longitudinal displacement of the interventricular septal and left ventricular (LV) lateral walls in opposite directions...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602967/pharyngocutaneous-and-tracheoesophageal-fistula-closure-using-supraclavicular-artery-island-flap
#14
Sérgio Teixeira, Joana Costa, Diana Monteiro, Isabel Bartosch, Inês Ínsua-Pereira, Bernardo Correia, Álvaro Silva
BACKGROUND: Pharyngocutaneous fistula is a common complication of laryngopharyngeal surgery, being associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Classical regional and free flaps, frequently used in the treatment of this complication, have several limitations, including bulking, donor site morbidity and long operative time. The supraclavicular artery island flap (SCAIF) is a fasciocutaneous flap and presents as an alternative option with good results and without the previously stated limitations...
March 30, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601081/outcome-of-open-abdominal-management-following-military-trauma
#15
S Pengelly, J E A Berry, S E Herrick, D M Bowley, G L Carlson
BACKGROUND: Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) is increasingly common after military and civilian major trauma. Primary fascial closure cannot be achieved after TAC in 30 per cent of civilian patients; subsequent abdominal wall reconstruction carries significant morbidity. This retrospective review aimed to determine this morbidity in a UK military cohort. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database of all injured personnel from the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts was searched from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2014 for all patients who had undergone laparotomy in a deployed military medical treatment facility...
March 30, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599384/pneumatosis-intestinalis-in-a-preterm-infant-should-we-treat-all-intestinal-pneumatosis-as-necrotising-enterocolitis
#16
Siu Jun Chew, Rajadurai Samuel Victor, Krishna Revanna Gopagondanahalli, Suresh Chandran
Gastric pneumatosisis a very rare site of pneumatosis intestinalis (PI), and we report this finding in a preterm female infant with cyanotic congenital heart disease. The infant was stable initially on nasal intermittent mandatory ventilation; however, torrential pulmonary flow through a large patent ductus arteriosus prompted closure using oral ibuprofen. After an episode of haematochezia, she developed PI, affecting mainly the gastric wall and small intestine with portal venous gas. Her bowel movements were regular, with no abdominal distension or significant gastric aspirates...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596090/using-mesh-to-reinforce-the-abdominal-wall-in-abdominal-free-flaps-for-breast-reconstruction-is-there-a-benefit-what-are-the-risks
#17
Daniel Sotelo Leon, Rahim Nazerali, Gordon Kwanlyp Lee
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal wall integrity may be compromised after abdominal flap harvest for breast reconstruction, leading to bulging or herniation due to weakening of the abdominal wall and dissection through the rectus muscle. Mesh can be used to reinforce the abdominal wall to reduce the risk of hernia formation postoperatively, especially in patients who may be at high risk. In this study, we describe this institution's experience with the use of mesh in the abdominal wall and critically evaluate its impact on patient outcomes and complications...
March 29, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588143/vascular-thrombosis-in-pediatric-kidney-transplantation-graft-survival-is-possible-with-adequate-management
#18
REVIEW
Romy Gander, Marino Asensio, Gloria Fatou Royo, José Andrés Molino, Laura García, Alvaro Madrid, Gema Ariceta, Manuel Lopez
OBJECTIVE: Vascular thrombosis (VT) in pediatric kidney transplantation (KT) is a dreaded event that leads to graft loss in almost 100% of cases. In recent years, VT has become the most common cause of early graft loss. The aim of this study was to analyze our experience in diagnosis and treatment of VT and the impact of a new management protocol on patient outcome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 176 consecutive KT performed at our institution by the pediatric urology team between January 2000 and December 2015 and identified patients with VT...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582804/laparoscopic-repair-for-parastomal-hernia-with-ongoing-barbed-suture-followed-by-sandwich-technique-sandwich-plus-technique
#19
Reiko Wiessner, Thomas Vorwerk, Alexander Gehring
The incidence of parastomal hernias after a permanent stoma is between 50% and 80% depending on the type of stoma, the definition of the hernia (clinical or radiological), and the length of the follow-up. Surgical therapy is complex and involves several techniques with different recurrence rates. We present three cases where we have closed the hernia gap with continuous, non-resorbable, self-retaining sutures with subsequent use of the sandwich technique ('Sandwich-plus-technique'). There were pronounced parastomal hernias in three female patients (mean age was 72 years and the range was 63-78 years) with permanent colostomata...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574485/vaginal-hysterectomy-with-apical-fixation-and-anterior-vaginal-wall-repair-for-prolapse-surgical-technique-and-medium-term-results
#20
Juliane Marschke, Carlo Michael Pax, Kathrin Beilecke, Frank Schwab, Ralf Tunn
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Stabilization of the vaginal apex (level 1) is an important component of operations to correct pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We report functional and anatomical results and patient-reported outcomes of our technique of vaginal vault fixation at the time of vaginal hysterectomy. METHODS: One hundred and nine patients-mean 69 years, range 50.4-83.8; body mass index (BMI) 26.3, range 17.7-39.5-with symptomatic stage 2-3 uterine prolapse combined with stage 3-4 cystocele underwent vaginal hysterectomy with anterior vaginal wall repair; the apex was formed with high closure of the peritoneum and incorporation of the uterosacral and round ligaments...
March 24, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
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