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chemoterapy of cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199230/photothermal-ablation-of-cancer-cells-using-folate-coated-gold-grapheme-oxide-composite
#1
Nicolò Mauro, Anna Li Volsi, Cinzia Scialabba, Mariano Licciardi, Gennara Cavallaro, Gaetano Giammona
OBJECTIVE: A new tumor targeted polymer-coated gold/graphene hybrid has been developed for achieving simultaneously thermoablation and chemoterapy of folate receptor-positive cancer cells. METHODS: The gold/graphene hybrid was prepared by depositing gold nanospheres onto graphene oxide and coating it with an inulin-folate conjugate. Paclitaxel was loaded by sonication. The hybrid was characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, DSC analysis and SEM microscopy. The cytotoxicity, thermoablation and anticancer activity were evaluated in vitro on MCF-7 and 16 HBE...
May 20, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26888705/appendicular-mucocele-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
G Anania, S Giaccari, G Solfrini, L Scagliarini, L Vedana, G Resta
The classification of mucinous tumors of the vermiform appendix is quite controversial, and includes a spectrum of neoplastic lesions ranging from benign proliferations, intraluminal, to invasive adenocarcinomas. Among the complications of appendicular mucinous neoplasms we should mention the "pseudomyxoma peritonei", a condition caused by cancerous cells (mucinous adenocarcinoma) that produce abundant mucin or gelationous ascites. Mucinous neoplasms of the appendix are rare diseases of unknown etiology. The diagnosis is difficult because of poorly specific clinical, biochemical and imaging parameters, and their detection can be occasional...
November 2015: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26216446/restoration-of-cbx7-expression-increases-the-susceptibility-of-human-lung-carcinoma-cells-to-irinotecan-treatment
#3
Nunzio Antonio Cacciola, Romina Sepe, Floriana Forzati, Antonella Federico, Simona Pellecchia, Umberto Malapelle, Alfonso De Stefano, Danilo Rocco, Alfredo Fusco, Pierlorenzo Pallante
Lung cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide in men and women, and, despite the recent remarkable scientific advances, drug treatment is still unsatisfactory. Polycomb protein chromobox homolog 7 (CBX7) is involved in several biological processes, including development and cancer progression, indeed the lack of CBX7 protein correlates with a highly malignant phenotype and a poor prognosis. However, its role in lung cancer still remains unknown. Since CBX7 is drastically downregulated in human lung carcinomas, we investigated whether restoration of CBX7 expression could affect growth property of lung cancer cells and modulate their sensitivity to treatment with irinotecan and etoposide, two chemoterapy drugs most commonly used in lung cancer therapy...
November 2015: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25845089/-cardiologic-evaluation-of-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy
#4
Barbara Bordoni, Stefano Urbinati, Alicia Tosoni, Graziana Labanti, Alba Brandes
Life expectancy in patients affected by cancer has recently increased because of early diagnosis and actual therapies. In recent years, Oncology and Cardiology developed a tight relationship because of common risk factors (i.e., obesity, smoking, alcool intake, etc...), and for preventing the prothrombotic status due to cancer and the potential cardiotoxicity of chemotherapy. Cardiotoxicity incidence is reported from 1% up to 70% in retrospective analyses of drug protocols, mainly representing by left ventricular dysfunction (both reversible or irreversible), but also by arrhythmias, hypertension, atrioventricular block, coronary spasm, and arterial or venous thromboembolism...
June 2014: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25816918/quality-of-life-after-endoluminal-loco-regional-resection-elrr-by-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-tem
#5
Giancarlo D'Ambrosio, Andrea Balla, Fabrizio Mattei, Silvia Quaresima, Francesca De Laurentis, Alessandro M Paganini
AIM: Endoluminal Loco-Regional Resection (ELRR) by Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEM) may be considered a valid alternative surgical treatment in patients with rectal cancer. Aim of this study is to evaluate the short and medium term Quality of Life (QoL) from prospectively collected data in patients who underwent ELRR by TEM. MATERIAL OF STUDY: From May 2010 to June 2013, 31 patients with iT1-iT2-iT3N0 rectal cancer were enrolled in this study. Patients with T1 rectal cancer underwent ELRR by TEM...
January 2015: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23302998/sensitivity-of-human-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-hep-2-to-metrotexate-chemoterapy
#6
A L S Galbiatti, H C Caldas, J A Padovani, E C Pavarino, E M Goloni-Bertollo
AIM: Methotrexate (MTX) is an antifolate agent that acts inhibiting purine and pyrimidine synthesis. The objective of the study was to evaluate the viability of Hep-2 human laryngeal cancer cells to the treatment with MTX chemotherapy in vitro. METHODS: Cultured Hep-2 cells were treated with 0.25, 25.0 and 75 μM MTX for 24 h, and their viability was evaluated with Bcl-2-FITC antibody in flow cytometry. RESULTS: The numbers of viable Hep-2 cells after 24 h treatment with 0...
December 2012: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22984765/-pazopanib-votrient-in-the-management-of-renal-cell-cancer-and-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#7
C Gennigens, G Jerusalem
Renal cell carcinoma accounts for 3% of all malignant tumors. Until a few years ago, immunotherapy (Interferon and/or Interleukin-2) was the only approved systemic treatment in the metastatic setting. Better knowledge of renal cell cancer biology drew attention on the fundamental role of angiogenesis. Several strategies targeting angiogenesis have been developed including VEGF and VEGFR inhibitors. They are now the standard treatment in first and second line. Pazopanib, a VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is one of the treatment options recommended for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, in first line and after cytokines failure...
July 2012: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19697437/safety-and-efficacy-of-bidirectional-chemotherapy-for-treatment-of-patients-with-peritoneal-dissemination-from-gastric-cancer-selection-for-cytoreductive-surgery
#8
Yutaka Yonemura, Yoshio Endou, Masaya Shinbo, Takuma Sasaki, Masamitu Hirano, Akiyoshi Mizumoto, Takayuki Matsuda, Nobuyuki Takao, Masumi Ichinose, Mitsukuni Mizuno, Masahiro Miura, Makoto Ikeda, Satoshi Ikeda, Gou Nakajima, Jou Yonemura, Takafumi Yuuba, Seiji Masuda, Hironobu Kimura, Nobuo Matsuki
There is no standard treatment for peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from gastric cancer. New bidirectional chemotherapy (neoadjuvant intraperitoneal-systemic chemotherapy protocol (NIPS)) was developed. The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of NIPS and to show the selection for cytoreductive surgery on PC from gastric cancer. Seventy-nine patients with PC from gastric cancer were treated with NIPS. A peritoneal port system was introduced into the abdominal cavity. The peritoneal wash cytological examination through a port was done before and after NIPS...
September 15, 2009: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19534435/-risk-of-cardiotoxicity-of-combination-treatment-radiotherapy-and-chemotherapy-of-locally-advanced-breast-carcinoma-stage-iii
#9
I Bustová
BACKGROUND: Locally advanced breast carcinoma represents a disease, where the combination of treatment--chemotherapy with antracycline and radiotherapy--is generally accepted as standard therapy. This management can be limited by cardiotoxicity. Cardiotoxicity is a rare complication of breast cancer treatment and the incidence and severity of cardiotoxicity are dependent on cumulative dose of antracyline, the type and combination of drugs used, the presence of coexsistin diseases (cardiac diseases, diabetes mellitus), risk faktors and use, the way of radiotherapy and combination therapy in the treatment of locally advanced breast carcinoma...
2009: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17357354/-ovarian-tissue-cryopreservation-an-opportunity-to-preserve-fertility-in-women-with-cancer
#10
M Huser, E Juránková, I Crha, P Ventruba, R Hudecek, J Záková, L Smardová, Z Král
Chemoterapy is one of the basic modalities of oncological therapy and usually leads to permanent consequences. Infertility is one of the most common consequences resulting from irreversible gonadal damage. The potentially effective method of reproductive function protection in women undergoing chemotherapy is ovarian tissue cryopreservation. This paper summarizes the medical and scientific knowledge in this interesting multidisciplinary medical field an also presents authors own experience with this novel and interesting method of ovarian tissue protection...
January 2007: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16437998/concurrent-radio-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-and-cisplatinum-in-inoperable-or-relapsed-head-and-neck-cancer
#11
M Mencoboni, L Rebella, S Tredici, M Bergaglio, M Delle Piane, A Salami, M Bavazzano, R Ghio, A Grimaldi, D Scarpati
Usually head and neck cancer is treated with combined therapy, applying surgery, if possible, and then radiotherapy and chemotherapy in a sequential or concomitant way. Sequential approach seems to be preferred, because of the high toxicity rate of concomitant therapy. Platinum compounds and 5-fluorouracil are the standard drugs, but new drugs are entering therapeutic arena: gemcitabine and taxanes are the most promising ones. The efficacy of these drugs, especially in association with radiotherapy, must be assessed; moreover it is essential to ascertain how to associate these drugs to radiotherapy and to evaluate drug toxicity when combined with the latter...
May 2005: I Supplementi di Tumori: Official Journal of Società Italiana di Cancerologia ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15105903/-role-of-caelyx-in-second-line-treatment-of-ovarian-cancer
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Tamás Pulay, Sándor Csömör, Zsolt Faluhelyi, Zoltán Hernádi, Károly Krommer, Arpád Mayer, András Szánthó, István Szántó, László Thurzó
The authors published their own experiences and results of Caelyx treatment based on 40 ovarian cancer patients treated in 9 different institutions. Patients had been treated with platinum based or platinum-taxol combination chemoterapy. Their average age was 57.2 years (35-80). The average time to progression was 3.8 months (1-8). The effects of the therapy were assessed on 36 patients and the results were 3 CR, 8 PR, 7 SD and 18 PD. Summarised the Caelyx therapy caused improvement in 30.55% of the patients and stabilisation in 19...
2004: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/14584654/laparoscopic-surgery-in-treatment-of-stage-iib-cervical-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
M Malzoni, V Spina, G Perniola, V Aleandri, B Mossa, T Iuele, F Imperato
BACKGROUND: A detailed operative procedure of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (type III) with pelvic and aortic lymphadenectomy after neoadjuvant chemoterapy in treatment of Stage IIb cervical cancer is described. CASE REPORT: A 50-year-old patient with Stage IIb squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix, who initially was not surgically resectable, received three courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy that included ifosfamide 5 g/m2, cisplatin 50 mg/m2 and paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 (TIP)...
2003: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
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