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Oncology social work

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605054/investigating-black-white-disparities-in-gynecologic-oncology-theories-conceptual-models-and-applications
#1
REVIEW
Kemi M Doll
Within gynecologic oncology are two of the top five widest Black-White mortality gaps among all cancer diagnoses in the United States. A rich body of work from the social sciences, including anthropology, sociology and social epidemiology, have broadened the understanding of and research approaches to the study of health and healthcare inequity experienced by Black Americans. Yet, these intellectual advancements in understanding are virtually absent from the gynecologic oncology literature. The goal of this analytic essay will be to introduce three current frameworks of studying racial inequity: The Ecosocial Theory of Disease Distribution, The Fundamental Cause Theory, and The Public Health Critical Race Praxis...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594030/quality-of-life-in-active-surveillance-and-the-associations-with-decision-making-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Julia Menichetti, Riccardo Valdagni, Lara Bellardita
Several studies have been conducted on the quality of life (QoL) in men with low risk prostate cancer (PCa) who choose active surveillance (AS). While recent reviews have shown a lack of consistency among the available QoL-studies, a few key points have been identified, including decision-making (DM)-related issues and their potential effect on QoL. The importance of this theme has also been recently highlighted by the international task force of the European School of Oncology. However, to our knowledge, there are no studies that have specifically marshalled scientific knowledge on the association between DM and QoL among men with low-risk PCa undergoing AS...
February 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579498/factors-associated-with-psychological-distress-amongst-outpatient-chemotherapy-patients-an-analysis-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-using-the-dass-21
#3
Michelle McMullen, Peter K H Lau, Scott Taylor, Joseph McTigue, Angus Cook, Marion Bamblett, Arman Hasani, Claire E Johnson
AIM: This study sought to identify clinical, demographic and service-related factors associated with psychological distress amongst outpatient chemotherapy patients. BACKGROUND: Distress in cancer patients leads to increased risk of psychological comorbidity, contributing to sub-optimal treatment adherence and potentially leading to poorer health outcomes. Screening and recognition of distress and risk factors is an important aspect of holistic care within a multidisciplinary team environment...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579340/association-of-externalizing-religious-and-spiritual-beliefs-on-stage-of-colon-cancer-diagnosis-among-black-and-white-multicenter-urban-patient-populations
#4
Blase N Polite, Toni M Cipriano-Steffens, Fay J Hlubocky, Pascal Jean-Pierre, Ying Cheng, Katherine C Brewer, Garth H Rauscher, George A Fitchett
BACKGROUND: This study explores whether externalizing religious and spiritual beliefs is associated with advanced-stage colon cancer at initial oncology presentation and whether this association is stronger for blacks than for whites. METHODS: Patients who had newly diagnosed, invasive colon cancer were recruited at 9 sites in the Chicago metropolitan area. Eligible patients were non-Hispanic white or black, ages 30 to 79 years, and diagnosed with a primary invasive colon cancer...
March 26, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556582/premature-discontinuation-of-curative-radiation-therapy-insights-from-head-and-neck-irradiation
#5
Stanislav Lazarev, Vishal Gupta, Zahra Ghiassi-Nejad, Brett Miles, Bethann Scarborough, Krzysztof J Misiukiewicz, Batya Reckson, Ren-Dih Sheu, Richard L Bakst
Purpose: Factors related to premature discontinuation of curative radiation therapy (PDCRT) are understudied. This study aimed to examine causes and clinical outcomes of PDCRT at our institution by investigating the most common anatomical site associated with PDCRT. Methods and materials: Among the 161 patients with PDCRT of various anatomic sites at our institution between 2010 and 2017, 36% received radiation to the head and neck region. Pertinent demographic, clinical, and treatment-related data on these 58 patients were collected...
January 2018: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547615/creative-play-a-nursing-intervention-for-children-and-adults-with-cancer
#6
Adrienne Schleisman, Elaine Mahon
Pediatric patients undergoing treatment for oncology diagnoses are likely to experience stress, anxiety, and social isolation. One role of a pediatric oncology nurse is to incorporate play into daily hospital routines. By using medical and normative play, nurses can decrease distress and promote normal growth and development. However, the use of play is not limited to pediatric patients. Oncology nurses who work with adults can incorporate similar strategies within their patient populations to reduce anxiety and stress and to improve quality of life...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518017/adherence-to-oral-anticancer-medications-evolving-interprofessional-roles-and-pharmacist-workforce-considerations
#7
Gennaro A Paolella, Andrew D Boyd, Scott M Wirth, Sandra Cuellar, Neeta K Venepalli, Stephanie Y Crawford
Interprofessional care is exhibited in outpatient oncology practices where practitioners from a myriad of specialties (e.g., oncology, nursing, pharmacy, health informatics and others) work collectively with patients to enhance therapeutic outcomes and minimize adverse effects. Historically, most ambulatory-based anticancer medication therapies have been administrated in infusion clinics or physician offices. Oral anticancer medications (OAMs) have become increasingly prevalent and preferred by patients for use in residential or other non-clinic settings...
March 8, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505397/challenges-of-dealing-with-financial-concerns-during-life-threatening-illness-perspectives-of-health-care-practitioners
#8
Sally A Hageman, Anita J Tarzian, John Cagle
The costs of serious medical illness and end of life care are often a heavy burden for patients and families (Collins, Stepanczuk, Williams, & Rich, 2016 ; Kim, 2007 ; May et al., 2014 ; Zarit, 2004 ). Twenty-six practitioners, including social workers, managers/administrators, supervisors, and case managers from five health care settings, participated in qualitative semistructured interviews about financial challenges patients encountered. Seven practitioners took part in a focus group. Practitioners were recruited from hospice (n = 5), long-term care (n = 5), intensive care (n = 5), dialysis (n = 6), and oncology (n = 5)...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498614/psychosocial-standards-of-care-for-children-with-cancer-and-their-families-a-national-survey-of-pediatric-oncology-social-workers
#9
Barbara Jones, Jennifer Currin-Mcculloch, Wendy Pelletier, Vicki Sardi-Brown, Peter Brown, Lori Wiener
In 2015, an interdisciplinary group of psychosocial experts developed The Standards of Psychosocial Care for Children with Cancer and Their Families. This paper presents data from a national survey of pediatric oncology social workers and their experiences in delivering psychosocial care to children and families. In total, 107 social workers from 81 cancer institutions participated in a 25-item online survey that mirrored the 15 Standards for Psychosocial Care. Both closed and open-ended questions were included...
April 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493832/experiences-of-cancer-rehabilitation-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Pernilla Garmy, Liselotte Jakobsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cancer rehabilitation experiences of working-age cancer survivors. BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have extremely complex needs, spanning physical, vocational, and sexual domains. Although cancer rehabilitation services have been found to eliminate or reduce these strains, these services are often underutilized. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was employed. METHODS: A survey of persons over the age of 18 with a cancer diagnosis, enrolled in the Social Insurance Agency in a municipality in southern Sweden (n =168, 68% women) was conducted...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478741/treatment-challenges-in-and-outside-a-network-setting-head-and-neck-cancers
#11
Ester Orlandi, Salvatore Alfieri, Christian Simon, Annalisa Trama, Lisa Licitra
Head and neck cancer (HNC) is a rare disease that can affect different sites and is characterized by variable incidence and 5-year survival rates across Europe. Multiple factors need to be considered when choosing the most appropriate treatment for HNC patients, such as age, comorbidities, social issues, and especially whether to prefer surgery or radiation-based protocols. Given the complexity of this scenario, the creation of a highly specialized multidisciplinary team is recommended to guarantee the best oncological outcome and prevent or adequately treat any adverse effect...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466346/oncology-nurses-knowledge-confidence-and-practice-in-addressing-caregiver-strain-and-burden
#12
Margaret M Irwin, William Dudley, Laurel Northouse, Donna L Berry, Gail A Mallory
OBJECTIVES: To describe nurses' practices, confidence, and knowledge of evidence-based interventions for cancer caregiver strain and burden and to identify factors that contribute to these aspects. 
. SAMPLE & SETTING: 2,055 Oncology Nursing Society members completed an emailed survey.
. METHODS & VARIABLES: Pooled analysis of survey results. Variables included the baseline nursing assessment, intervention, confidence, knowledge, strategies used, and barriers encountered...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461908/improving-early-palliative-care-with-a-scalable-stepped-peer-navigator-and-social-work-intervention-a-single-arm-clinical-trial
#13
David B Bekelman, Rachel Johnson-Koenke, Daniel W Bowles, Stacy M Fischer
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer could benefit from early primary (i.e., basic) palliative care. Scalable models of care delivery are needed. OBJECTIVE: Examine the feasibility of a stepped peer navigator and social work intervention developed to improve palliative care outcomes. DESIGN: Single-arm prospective clinical trial. The peer navigator educated patients to advocate for pain and symptom management with their healthcare providers, motivated patients to pursue advance care planning, and discussed the role of hospice...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440910/exploration-of-the-contexts-surrounding-the-implementation-of-an-intervention-supporting-return-to-work-after-breast-cancer-in-a-primary-care-setting-starting-point-for-an-intervention-development
#14
Karine Bilodeau, Dominique Tremblay, Marie-José Durand
Background: Many recommendations have been made regarding survivorship care provided by teams of primary care professionals. However, the nature of that follow-up, including support for return-to-work (RTW) after cancer, remains largely undefined. As implementation problems are frequently context-related, a pilot study was conducted to describe the contexts, according to Grol and Wensing, in which a new intervention is to be implemented. This pilot study is the first of three steps in intervention development planning...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423728/ballroom-dancing-as-physical-activity-for-patients-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-report-of-a-pilot-project
#15
Ivonne Rudolph, Thorsten Schmidt, Tobias Wozniak, Thomas Kubin, Dana Ruetters, Jutta Huebner
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has positive effects on cancer patients. Dancing addresses diverse bio-psycho-social aspects. Our aim was to assess the evidence on ballroom dancing and to develop the setting for a pilot project. METHODS: We performed a systematic review, extracted the data and designed a pilot training based on standard curricula. We included cancer patients during or after therapy. Training duration was 90 min with one regular pause and individual pauses as needed...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402701/effect-of-early-and-systematic-integration-of-palliative-care-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Gaëlle Vanbutsele, Koen Pardon, Simon Van Belle, Veerle Surmont, Martine De Laat, Roos Colman, Kim Eecloo, Veronique Cocquyt, Karen Geboes, Luc Deliens
BACKGROUND: The benefit of early integration of palliative care into oncological care is suggested to be due to increased psychosocial support. In Belgium, psychosocial care is part of standard oncological care. The aim of this randomised controlled trial is to examine whether early and systematic integration of palliative care alongside standard psychosocial oncological care provides added benefit compared with usual care. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, eligible patients were 18 years or older, and had advanced cancer due to a solid tumour, an European Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2, an estimated life expectancy of 12 months, and were within the first 12 weeks of a new primary tumour or had a diagnosis of progression...
February 2, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392483/crossing-the-death-threshold-experiencing-multi-disciplinary-end-of-life-integrative-oncology-training
#17
Eran Ben-Arye, Yael Keshet, Maria Livas, Thomas Breitkreuz
OBJECTIVE: Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) is acknowledged in more and more oncology-care centers as part of supportive and palliative cancer care. However, only limited research is available on medical training of CIM practitioners regarding end-of-life (EOL) care. In this study, we assess the impact of multi-disciplinary EOL training on cultural-diverse groups of CIM-trained healthcare practitioners (HCPs) working in integrative oncology care settings in Germany and Israel...
February 1, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391365/social-and-structural-conditions-for-the-avoidance-of-advance-care-planning-in-neuro-oncology-a-qualitative-study
#18
Henry Llewellyn, Jane Neerkin, Lewis Thorne, Elena Wilson, Louise Jones, Elizabeth L Sampson, Emma Townsley, Joseph T S Low
BACKGROUND: Primary brain tumours newly affect >260 000 people each year worldwide. In the UK, every year >10 000 people are diagnosed with a brain tumour while >5000 die annually from the disease. Prognoses are poor, cognitive deterioration common and patients have prolonged palliative needs. Advance care planning (ACP) may enable early discussion of future care decisions. Although a core commitment in the UK healthcare strategy, and the shared responsibility of clinical teams, ACP appears uncommon in practice...
January 31, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389088/fact-hep-increases-the-accuracy-of-survival-prediction-in-hcc-patients-when-added-to-ecog-performance-status
#19
Andrea Gmür, Philippe Kolly, Marina Knöpfli, Jean-François Dufour
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) is a strong predictor of survival for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and is used with liver function and tumour burden in the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system. This work assesses whether the health-related quality of life (HRQL), measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Hepatobiliary (FACT-Hep) questionnaire discriminates HCC patients in terms of survival and adds prognostic information to ECOG PS...
February 1, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370448/healthcare-professionals-perspective-on-return-to-work-in-cancer-survivors
#20
Dana Yagil, Nofar Eshed-Lavi, Rafi Carel, Miri Cohen
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare professionals play a significant role in cancer survivors' decisions regarding return to work. While there is ample research about cancer survivors' views on return to work, little is known about the views of the professionals who accompany them from diagnosis to recovery. The study explores professionals' perceptions of cancer survivors in the return to work context, as well as their views about their own role in the process. METHODS: In-depth interviews (N=26) with professionals specializing in physical or mental health working with working-age cancer survivors: occupational physicians, oncologists, oncology nurses, social workers and psychologists specializing in oncology...
January 25, 2018: Psycho-oncology
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