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Oncology social work

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928027/information-needs-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-from-diagnosis-until-first-treatment-follow-up
#1
Ling-Yu Hsieh, Fang-Ju Chou, Su-Er Guo
The aim of this study was to analyze the information needs of lung cancer patients from diagnosis until first treatment follow-up. Sixty-nine participants with lung cancer were recruited from Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital in Midwest Taiwan. The Modified Toronto Informational Needs Questionnaire (TINQ) was used to assess information needs during visits to the outpatient oncology department. Generalized estimating equations were applied to compare changes in information needs over time and to examine correlates of information needs of lung cancer patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916603/-oncological-disease-dimensions-of-the-phenomenon-and-role-ionizing-radiation
#2
Giuseppe Taino, Lorenzo Bordini, Marcello Imbriani
OBJECTIVES: The continuous scientific advances against neoplastic diseases affecting all areas of oncology biomedical research. Age is an extremely important factor in cancer development, since the incidence of cancer increases significantly with age. Because of aging of the Italian population, although the incidence is kept constant, the number of cancer diagnosis is inevitably going to increase over time only to increasing age. METHODS: Survival after the diagnosis of cancer is one of the main indicators that allow to evaluate the effectiveness of the health system against the cancer disease...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737052/retinoblastoma-for-pediatric-ophthalmologists
#3
Alaa AlAli, Stephanie Kletke, Brenda Gallie, Wai-Ching Lam
Retinoblastoma can present in 1 or both eyes and is the most common intraocular malignancy in childhood. It is typically initiated by biallelic mutation of the RB1 tumor suppressor gene, leading to malignant transformation of primitive retinal cells. The most common presentation is leukocoria, followed by strabismus. Heritable retinoblastoma accounts for 45% of all cases, with 80% being bilateral. Treatment and prognosis of retinoblastoma is dictated by the disease stage at initial presentation. The 8th Edition American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNMH (tumor, node, metastasis, heritable trait) staging system defines evidence-based clinical and pathological staging for overall prognosis for eye(s) and child...
May 8, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727033/patient-centered-prioritization-of-bladder-cancer-research
#4
Angela B Smith, Stephanie Chisolm, Allison Deal, Alejandra Spangler, Diane Z Quale, Rick Bangs, J Michael Jones, John L Gore
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered research requires the meaningful involvement of patients and caregivers throughout the research process. The objective of this study was to create a process for sustainable engagement for research prioritization within oncology. METHODS: From December 2014 to 2016, a network of engaged patients for research prioritization was created in partnership with the Bladder Cancer Advocacy Network (BCAN): the BCAN Patient Survey Network (PSN)...
May 4, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722488/-the-use-of-the-permanent-sample-eps-to-study-the-returnto-work-after-cancer-challenges-and-opportunities-for-research
#5
R Kiasuwa Mbengi, R Otter, E Abatih, E Goetghebeur, C Bouland, C de Brouwer
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of early cancer detection and the improvement in treatment efficacy have led to a significant increase in the survival and the prevalence of (ex) cancer patients. Approximately 40 % of new cancer cases are diagnosed every year in the working age population (20-64 years). Maintaining their quality of life results, among others, in their retain on the labour market. Even though it is necessary to realize the scale of the phenomenon and to plan interventions, no measure allows assessing the rate of return to work among of (ex) cancer patients in Belgium nowadays...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684230/effective-palliative-care-what-is-involved
#6
REVIEW
Mehak Swami, Amy Allen Case
It is important for oncologists who provide comprehensive cancer care to be familiar with the principles of primary palliative care and interdisciplinary team-based approaches to palliative care. Palliative care is a medical subspecialty that provides specialized care to individuals with serious illnesses, with a primary focus on providing symptom relief, pain management, and relief from psychosocial distress, regardless of diagnosis or prognosis. Ideally, palliative care is provided by a team of physicians, nurses, social workers, psychologists, and chaplains...
April 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605054/investigating-black-white-disparities-in-gynecologic-oncology-theories-conceptual-models-and-applications
#7
REVIEW
Kemi M Doll
Within gynecologic oncology are two of the top five widest Black-White mortality gaps among all cancer diagnoses in the United States. A rich body of work from the social sciences, including anthropology, sociology and social epidemiology, have broadened the understanding of and research approaches to the study of health and healthcare inequity experienced by Black Americans. Yet, these intellectual advancements in understanding are virtually absent from the gynecologic oncology literature. The goal of this analytic essay will be to introduce three current frameworks of studying racial inequity: The Ecosocial Theory of Disease Distribution, The Fundamental Cause Theory, and The Public Health Critical Race Praxis...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594030/quality-of-life-in-active-surveillance-and-the-associations-with-decision-making-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Julia Menichetti, Riccardo Valdagni, Lara Bellardita
Several studies have been conducted on the quality of life (QoL) in men with low risk prostate cancer (PCa) who choose active surveillance (AS). While recent reviews have shown a lack of consistency among the available QoL-studies, a few key points have been identified, including decision-making (DM)-related issues and their potential effect on QoL. The importance of this theme has also been recently highlighted by the international task force of the European School of Oncology. However, to our knowledge, there are no studies that have specifically marshalled scientific knowledge on the association between DM and QoL among men with low-risk PCa undergoing AS...
February 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579498/factors-associated-with-psychological-distress-amongst-outpatient-chemotherapy-patients-an-analysis-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-using-the-dass-21
#9
Michelle McMullen, Peter K H Lau, Scott Taylor, Joseph McTigue, Angus Cook, Marion Bamblett, Arman Hasani, Claire E Johnson
AIM: This study sought to identify clinical, demographic and service-related factors associated with psychological distress amongst outpatient chemotherapy patients. BACKGROUND: Distress in cancer patients leads to increased risk of psychological comorbidity, contributing to sub-optimal treatment adherence and potentially leading to poorer health outcomes. Screening and recognition of distress and risk factors is an important aspect of holistic care within a multidisciplinary team environment...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579340/association-of-externalizing-religious-and-spiritual-beliefs-on-stage-of-colon-cancer-diagnosis-among-black-and-white-multicenter-urban-patient-populations
#10
Blase N Polite, Toni M Cipriano-Steffens, Fay J Hlubocky, Pascal Jean-Pierre, Ying Cheng, Katherine C Brewer, Garth H Rauscher, George A Fitchett
BACKGROUND: This study explores whether externalizing religious and spiritual beliefs is associated with advanced-stage colon cancer at initial oncology presentation and whether this association is stronger for blacks than for whites. METHODS: Patients who had newly diagnosed, invasive colon cancer were recruited at 9 sites in the Chicago metropolitan area. Eligible patients were non-Hispanic white or black, ages 30 to 79 years, and diagnosed with a primary invasive colon cancer...
March 26, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556582/premature-discontinuation-of-curative-radiation-therapy-insights-from-head-and-neck-irradiation
#11
Stanislav Lazarev, Vishal Gupta, Zahra Ghiassi-Nejad, Brett Miles, Bethann Scarborough, Krzysztof J Misiukiewicz, Batya Reckson, Ren-Dih Sheu, Richard L Bakst
Purpose: Factors related to premature discontinuation of curative radiation therapy (PDCRT) are understudied. This study aimed to examine causes and clinical outcomes of PDCRT at our institution by investigating the most common anatomical site associated with PDCRT. Methods and materials: Among the 161 patients with PDCRT of various anatomic sites at our institution between 2010 and 2017, 36% received radiation to the head and neck region. Pertinent demographic, clinical, and treatment-related data on these 58 patients were collected...
January 2018: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547615/creative-play-a-nursing-intervention-for-children-and-adults-with-cancer
#12
Adrienne Schleisman, Elaine Mahon
Pediatric patients undergoing treatment for oncology diagnoses are likely to experience stress, anxiety, and social isolation. One role of a pediatric oncology nurse is to incorporate play into daily hospital routines. By using medical and normative play, nurses can decrease distress and promote normal growth and development. However, the use of play is not limited to pediatric patients. Oncology nurses who work with adults can incorporate similar strategies within their patient populations to reduce anxiety and stress and to improve quality of life...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518017/adherence-to-oral-anticancer-medications-evolving-interprofessional-roles-and-pharmacist-workforce-considerations
#13
Gennaro A Paolella, Andrew D Boyd, Scott M Wirth, Sandra Cuellar, Neeta K Venepalli, Stephanie Y Crawford
Interprofessional care is exhibited in outpatient oncology practices where practitioners from a myriad of specialties (e.g., oncology, nursing, pharmacy, health informatics and others) work collectively with patients to enhance therapeutic outcomes and minimize adverse effects. Historically, most ambulatory-based anticancer medication therapies have been administrated in infusion clinics or physician offices. Oral anticancer medications (OAMs) have become increasingly prevalent and preferred by patients for use in residential or other non-clinic settings...
March 8, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505397/challenges-of-dealing-with-financial-concerns-during-life-threatening-illness-perspectives-of-health-care-practitioners
#14
Sally A Hageman, Anita J Tarzian, John Cagle
The costs of serious medical illness and end of life care are often a heavy burden for patients and families (Collins, Stepanczuk, Williams, & Rich, 2016 ; Kim, 2007 ; May et al., 2014 ; Zarit, 2004 ). Twenty-six practitioners, including social workers, managers/administrators, supervisors, and case managers from five health care settings, participated in qualitative semistructured interviews about financial challenges patients encountered. Seven practitioners took part in a focus group. Practitioners were recruited from hospice (n = 5), long-term care (n = 5), intensive care (n = 5), dialysis (n = 6), and oncology (n = 5)...
January 2018: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498614/psychosocial-standards-of-care-for-children-with-cancer-and-their-families-a-national-survey-of-pediatric-oncology-social-workers
#15
Barbara Jones, Jennifer Currin-Mcculloch, Wendy Pelletier, Vicki Sardi-Brown, Peter Brown, Lori Wiener
In 2015, an interdisciplinary group of psychosocial experts developed The Standards of Psychosocial Care for Children with Cancer and Their Families. This paper presents data from a national survey of pediatric oncology social workers and their experiences in delivering psychosocial care to children and families. In total, 107 social workers from 81 cancer institutions participated in a 25-item online survey that mirrored the 15 Standards for Psychosocial Care. Both closed and open-ended questions were included...
April 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493832/experiences-of-cancer-rehabilitation-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Pernilla Garmy, Liselotte Jakobsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cancer rehabilitation experiences of working-age cancer survivors. BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have extremely complex needs, spanning physical, vocational, and sexual domains. Although cancer rehabilitation services have been found to eliminate or reduce these strains, these services are often underutilized. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was employed. METHODS: A survey of persons over the age of 18 with a cancer diagnosis, enrolled in the Social Insurance Agency in a municipality in southern Sweden (n =168, 68% women) was conducted...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478741/treatment-challenges-in-and-outside-a-network-setting-head-and-neck-cancers
#17
Ester Orlandi, Salvatore Alfieri, Christian Simon, Annalisa Trama, Lisa Licitra
Head and neck cancer (HNC) is a rare disease that can affect different sites and is characterized by variable incidence and 5-year survival rates across Europe. Multiple factors need to be considered when choosing the most appropriate treatment for HNC patients, such as age, comorbidities, social issues, and especially whether to prefer surgery or radiation-based protocols. Given the complexity of this scenario, the creation of a highly specialized multidisciplinary team is recommended to guarantee the best oncological outcome and prevent or adequately treat any adverse effect...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466346/oncology-nurses-knowledge-confidence-and-practice-in-addressing-caregiver-strain-and-burden
#18
Margaret M Irwin, William Dudley, Laurel Northouse, Donna L Berry, Gail A Mallory
OBJECTIVES: To describe nurses' practices, confidence, and knowledge of evidence-based interventions for cancer caregiver strain and burden and to identify factors that contribute to these aspects. 
. SAMPLE & SETTING: 2,055 Oncology Nursing Society members completed an emailed survey.
. METHODS & VARIABLES: Pooled analysis of survey results. Variables included the baseline nursing assessment, intervention, confidence, knowledge, strategies used, and barriers encountered...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461908/improving-early-palliative-care-with-a-scalable-stepped-peer-navigator-and-social-work-intervention-a-single-arm-clinical-trial
#19
David B Bekelman, Rachel Johnson-Koenke, Daniel W Bowles, Stacy M Fischer
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer could benefit from early primary (i.e., basic) palliative care. Scalable models of care delivery are needed. OBJECTIVE: Examine the feasibility of a stepped peer navigator and social work intervention developed to improve palliative care outcomes. DESIGN: Single-arm prospective clinical trial. The peer navigator educated patients to advocate for pain and symptom management with their healthcare providers, motivated patients to pursue advance care planning, and discussed the role of hospice...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440910/exploration-of-the-contexts-surrounding-the-implementation-of-an-intervention-supporting-return-to-work-after-breast-cancer-in-a-primary-care-setting-starting-point-for-an-intervention-development
#20
Karine Bilodeau, Dominique Tremblay, Marie-José Durand
Background: Many recommendations have been made regarding survivorship care provided by teams of primary care professionals. However, the nature of that follow-up, including support for return-to-work (RTW) after cancer, remains largely undefined. As implementation problems are frequently context-related, a pilot study was conducted to describe the contexts, according to Grol and Wensing, in which a new intervention is to be implemented. This pilot study is the first of three steps in intervention development planning...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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