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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126934/neuropsychological-functioning-in-military-pesticide-applicators-from-the-gulf-war-effects-on-information-processing-speed-attention-and-visual-memory
#1
Kimberly Sullivan, Maxine Krengel, William Bradford, Callie Stone, Terri Ann Thompson, Timothy Heeren, Roberta F White
1991 Gulf War (GW) veterans continue to experience debilitating cognitive and mood problems more than two decades following their return from deployment. Suspected causes for these cognitive complaints include additive and/or synergistic effects of the varying combinations of exposures to chemicals in theater, including pesticides and pyridostigmine bromide (PB) pills. This study was undertaken to address one of the key recommendations of the US Department of Defense Environmental Exposure Report on Pesticides, which was to conduct an epidemiological study to further evaluate the role of neurotoxicant exposures in the expression of central nervous system symptoms reported by GW veterans...
November 7, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#2
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974838/influence-of-arabian-pharmacy-on-diseases-tretament-during-ottoman-s-period-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#3
REVIEW
Armin Skrbo, Izet Masic
The Arab cultural heritage was an era of invaluable preservation and development of numerous teachings, including biomedical sciences. The golden period of Arab medicine deserves special attention in the history of medicine and pharmacy, as it was the period of rapid translation of works from Greek and Persian cultures into Arabic. They preserved their culture, and science from decay, and then adopted them to continue building their science on theirs as a basis. After the fall of Arabian Caliphate, Arabian pharmacy, continued to persevere, and spread through Turkish Caliphate until its fall in the First World War...
June 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901871/citizenship-and-learning-disabled-people-the-mental-health-charity-mind-s-1970s-campaign-in-historical%C3%A2-context
#4
Jonathan Toms
Current policy and practice directed towards people with learning disabilities originates in the deinstitutionalisation processes, civil rights concerns and integrationist philosophies of the 1970s and 1980s. However, historians know little about the specific contexts within which these were mobilised. Although it is rarely acknowledged in the secondary literature, MIND was prominent in campaigning for rights-based services for learning disabled people during this time. This article sets MIND's campaign within the wider historical context of the organisation's origins as a main institution of the inter-war mental hygiene movement...
October 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872574/past-present-and-future-of-psychosomatic-movements-in-an-ever-changing-world-presidential-address
#5
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
OBJECTIVES: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942 and is celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2017. In recognizing the society's anniversary, this article provides a historical perspective on its history, the field of psychosomatic medicine in general, and anticipated future directions. METHODS: Essay and narrative review of the literature on the historic development of psychosomatic concepts and their impact on medicine over time. RESULTS: Mind-body associations have been described in the medical literature over more than 3,500 years...
September 1, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852981/1916-2016-a-centenary-of-publications
#6
G Rahmani, D McNamara
Last year, the centenary of the 1916 Easter rising in Ireland was marked by a commemorative programme organised by the Irish government including both historical and cultural events. The main themes of these events were remembering the past, celebrating Irish achievements and imagining our future. Reviewing the medical literature offers an insight into a century of achievement and change in Irish medicine, captured from the unique perspective of Ireland's oldest medical journal. This manuscript examines papers published during the last 100 years of the Irish Journal of Medical Science, specifically examining the most cited paper from each year...
August 29, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816222/an-outlier-in-public-health-history-in-india-a-t-w-simeons-s-scheme-for-rural-medical-relief-kolhapur-1943-47
#7
Shubhada Pandya
It is customary to date provision of health services in rural India to the Report of the Bhore Committee (1946) and its descendants. It is presumed that in pre-Bhore India (the last half-century of the British era) the rural public health scenario was devoid of discerning commentators and practical effort. The presumption is misleading. Historical material shows that attempts, official and non-official, to improve rural environments and attend to the health problems of villagers were not wanting. Such efforts followed two main, sometimes intersecting, streams, namely sanitation and medical relief...
March 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810960/talk-to-the-hand-u-s-army-biophysical-testing
#8
William R Santee, Adam W Potter, Karl E Friedl
BACKGROUND: Many people are unaware of the science underlying the biophysical properties of Soldier clothing and personal protective equipment, yet there is a well-refined biomedical methodology initiated by Army physiologists in World War II. This involves a methodical progression of systematic material testing technologies, computer modeling, and human testing that enables more efficient development and rapid evaluation of new concepts for Soldier health and performance. Sophisticated manikins that sweat and move are a central part of this testing continuum...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#9
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776177/-rudolf-frey-a-biographical-sketch-on-the-occasion-of-his-100th%C3%A2-birthday
#10
REVIEW
M Goerig, J P A H Jantzen
The life of an outstanding human being, a creative personality, will find the interest of posterity if he is acknowledged not only as a representative of his time but also decades later can be described as a formative character. This applies to Rudolf Frey who, like no other, has deeply influenced the development of German language anesthesiology after the Second World War. In the 1950s and 1960s as a visionary he already portrayed the four pillars of our discipline as the future field of work of anesthetists: anesthesiology, intensive care, emergency medicine and pain therapy...
August 3, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717517/knowledge-mapping-visualization-analysis-of-the-military-health-and-medicine-papers-published-in-the-web-of-science-over-the-past-10%C3%A2-years
#11
Xuan-Ming Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Xu Luo, Hai-Tao Guo, Li-Qun Zhang, Ji-Wei Guo
BACKGROUND: Military medicine is a research field that seeks to solve the medical problems that occur in modern war conditions based on public medicine theory. METHODS: We explore the main research topics of military health and medical research in the web of science™ core collection (WoSCC) from 2007 to 2016, and the goal of this work is to serve as a reference for orientation and development in military health and medicine. Based on CiteSpace III, a reference co-citation analysis is performed for 7921 papers published in the WoSCC from 2007 to 2016...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619090/truffle-renaissance-in-poland-history-present-and-prospects
#12
REVIEW
Aleksandra Rosa-Gruszecka, Dorota Hilszczańska, Wojciech Gil, Bogusław Kosel
The use of truffles in Poland has a long tradition, yet due to some historical aspects, this knowledge was lost. Currently, truffles and truffle orchards are again receiving attention, and thanks to, e.g., historical data, they have solid foundations to be established. Publications relating to truffles between 1661 and 2017 were searched for in international and national databases, such as the database of PhD theses, Google Scholar, and catalogues of the National Library of Poland, the Jagiellonian Digital Library, the University Library of J...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494011/changes-in-the-use-practitioner-based-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-over-time-in-canada-cohort-and-period-effects
#13
Mayilee Canizares, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Monique A M Gignac, Richard H Glazier, Elizabeth M Badley
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is growing. However the factors contributing to changes over time and to birth cohort differences in CAM use are not well understood. SETTING: We used data from 10186 participants, who were aged 20-69 years at the first cycle of data collection in the longitudinal component of the Canadian National Population Health Survey (1994/95-2010/11). We examined chiropractic and other practitioner-based CAM use with a focus on five birth cohorts: pre-World War II (born 1925-1934); World War II (born 1935-1944); older baby boomers (born 1945-1954); younger baby boomers (born 1955-1964); and Gen Xers (born 1965-1974)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492035/the-german-experiment-health-care-without-female-or-jewish-doctors
#14
Alexa R Shipman
Jewish and female doctors were not allowed to practice medicine in Germany during Hitler's rule from 1933 to 1945. Data about the consequences of this on the health service are difficult to come by, but what information can be gathered demonstrates a detrimental effect on the nation's health. These data, however, must be interpreted with consideration to the morbidity and mortality from violence, death camps, slave labor, and the privations of war. The article summarizes the history of German health care during this period and also compares Germany to other nations at that time...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439821/epigenesis-and-the-rationality-of-nature-in-william-harvey-and-margaret-cavendish
#15
Benjamin Goldberg
The generation of animals was a difficult phenomenon to explain in the seventeenth century, having long been a problem in natural philosophy, theology, and medicine. In this paper, I explore how generation, understood as epigenesis, was directly related to an idea of rational nature. I examine epigenesis-the idea that the embryo was constructed part-by-part, over time-in the work of two seemingly dissimilar English philosophers: William Harvey, an eclectic Aristotelian, and Margaret Cavendish, a radical materialist...
June 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435813/medical-care-or-disciplinary-discourses-preventive-measures-against-the-black-death-in-late-medieval-paris-a-brief-review
#16
REVIEW
Yong Jin Hong, Sam Hun Park
BACKGROUND: This paper examined the political and social implications of the Compendium de epidemia prescription written by the Masters of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Paris in the mid-14th century during the Black Death. This study aimed to examine how the effects of power as a discourse owned by medical knowledge are revealed. METHODS: This paper outlines the composition of the contents based on the 1888 edition edited and translated by Émile H...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402469/health-system-functionality-in-a-low-income-country-in-the-midst-of-conflict-the-case-of-yemen
#17
Naseeb Qirbi, Sharif A Ismail
Background:  Although the literature on effects of armed conflict on population health is extensive, detailed assessments of effects on public health 'systems' are few. This article aims to help address this deficit through the medium of a case study on Yemen, describing health system and health outcome performance prior to the internationalisation of the conflict there in March 2015, before assessing the impact of war on health system functionality since that time. Method : Review of peer- and non-peer reviewed literature from 2005 to 2016 from academic sources, multilateral organizations, donors and governmental and non-governmental organizations, augmented by secondary data analysis...
July 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389680/-attempting-a-great-integration-paul-martini-and-the-first-post-war-conference-of-the-german-society-for-internal-medicine
#18
Ralf Forsbach, Hans-Georg Hofer
The long established German Society for Internal Medicine (DGIM) profoundly incriminated itself through its actions and positions during the National Socialist era. The German clinical physician Paul Martini assumed the part of reorganizing the DGIM prior to its first post-war convention in 1948 in Karlsruhe. Martini, who himself had opposed the Nazi regime, adopted a course of comprehensive integration. He strived to incorporate both physicians who had been persecuted by the Nazi Regime as well as former moderate National Socialists into the DGIM...
March 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388920/bacterial-flora-of-combat-wounds-from-eastern-ukraine-and-time-specified-changes-of-bacterial-recovery-during-treatment-in-ukrainian-military-hospital
#19
Kovalchuk P Valentine, Kondratiuk M Viacheslav
BACKGROUND: Microbiology of modern war wounds is unique for each military conflict. Climatic and geographical features of the theater of war, contemporary warfare as well as wound management affect the microbial flora of wounds. This study was designed to determine time-specific microbial flora of combat wounds of upper and lower extremities obtained during the war in eastern Ukraine. METHODS: The patients enrolled in study had combat wounds of upper or lower extremities which were treated in the Military Medical Clinical Center of Central Region...
April 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347498/jules-and-augusta-dejerine-pierre-marie-joseph-babi%C3%A5-ski-georges-guillain-and-their-students-during-world-war-i
#20
REVIEW
O Walusinski
World War I (1914-1918), however tragic, was nonetheless an "edifying school of nervous system experimental pathology" not only because of the various types of injuries, but also because their numbers were greater than any physician could have foreseen. The peripheral nervous system, the spine and the brain were all to benefit from the subsequent advances in clinical and anatomo-functional knowledge. Neurosurgeons took on nerve sutures, spinal injury exploration, and the localization and extraction of intracranial foreign bodies...
March 2017: Revue Neurologique
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