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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402469/health-system-functionality-in-a-low-income-country-in-the-midst-of-conflict-the-case-of-yemen
#1
Naseeb Qirbi, Sharif A Ismail
Background:  Although the literature on effects of armed conflict on population health is extensive, detailed assessments of effects on public health 'systems' are few. This article aims to help address this deficit through the medium of a case study on Yemen, describing health system and health outcome performance prior to the internationalisation of the conflict there in March 2015, before assessing the impact of war on health system functionality since that time. Method : Review of peer- and non-peer reviewed literature from 2005 to 2016 from academic sources, multilateral organizations, donors and governmental and non-governmental organizations, augmented by secondary data analysis...
April 11, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389680/-attempting-a-great-integration-paul-martini-and-the-first-post-war-conference-of-the-german-society-for-internal-medicine
#2
Ralf Forsbach, Hans-Georg Hofer
The long established German Society for Internal Medicine (DGIM) profoundly incriminated itself through its actions and positions during the National Socialist era. The German clinical physician Paul Martini assumed the part of reorganizing the DGIM prior to its first post-war convention in 1948 in Karlsruhe. Martini, who himself had opposed the Nazi regime, adopted a course of comprehensive integration. He strived to incorporate both physicians who had been persecuted by the Nazi Regime as well as former moderate National Socialists into the DGIM...
April 7, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388920/bacterial-flora-of-combat-wounds-from-eastern-ukraine-and-time-specified-changes-of-bacterial-recovery-during-treatment-in-ukrainian-military-hospital
#3
Kovalchuk P Valentine, Kondratiuk M Viacheslav
BACKGROUND: Microbiology of modern war wounds is unique for each military conflict. Climatic and geographical features of the theater of war, contemporary warfare as well as wound management affect the microbial flora of wounds. This study was designed to determine time-specific microbial flora of combat wounds of upper and lower extremities obtained during the war in eastern Ukraine. METHODS: The patients enrolled in study had combat wounds of upper or lower extremities which were treated in the Military Medical Clinical Center of Central Region...
April 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347498/jules-and-augusta-dejerine-pierre-marie-joseph-babi%C3%A5-ski-georges-guillain-and-their-students-during-world-war-i
#4
REVIEW
O Walusinski
World War I (1914-1918), however tragic, was nonetheless an "edifying school of nervous system experimental pathology" not only because of the various types of injuries, but also because their numbers were greater than any physician could have foreseen. The peripheral nervous system, the spine and the brain were all to benefit from the subsequent advances in clinical and anatomo-functional knowledge. Neurosurgeons took on nerve sutures, spinal injury exploration, and the localization and extraction of intracranial foreign bodies...
March 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342450/scientific-feuds-polemics-and-ad-hominem-arguments-in-basic-and-special-interest-genetics
#5
Elof Axel Carlson
Scientific disputes are commonly presented and settled in journal publications. Most are resolved by a weighing of evidence and new findings. In some cases the arguments are personal and in the form of ad hominem attacks on the personality or integrity of an author of a journal article. Many famous scientists (e.g., Galileo, Newton, and Hooke) used ad hominem arguments in responding to their critics. William Bateson, W.F.R. Weldon, William Castle, and H.J. Muller used ad hominem arguments in their publications until the end of World War I, when editorial policy of journals changed...
January 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320410/bibliometric-analysis-of-medicine-related-publications-on-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-internally-displaced-people-2000-2015
#6
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Wars and violent domestic conflicts have forced millions of people to move outside their homes. Meeting the basic health needs of those people requires an understanding of research activity and research output on this topic. The objective of this study was to shed light on the quantity and impact of medicine - related publications on refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced people (IDP). METHOD: Scopus database was used to retrieve required data...
March 20, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316211/-study-on-li-ting-an-s-contribution-to-military-medicine-during-1932-1943
#7
Y C Li
From 1920, Li Ting'an started to pay attention to military medicine. At the beginning of the Anti-Japanese War, Li Ting'an compiled books of military medicine, restored the health office, participated in the compilation of first aid measures, rehabilitation outlines, and methods of protection practice, and preparing the establishment of hospitals for wounded soldiers in order to support the Anti-Japanese War. At that time, he was appointed as the anti-epidemic commissioner of South China to organize and conduct the epidemic prevention works in the War...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316205/-research-on-yi-yu-medical-education-a-professional-journal-on-medical-education-during-the-period-of-anti-japanese-war
#8
L P He
Founded in October, 1935, Yi yu (Medical Education) was the first professional journal of medical education in China. Unlike other medical journals, Yi yu had strong official background. It was sponsored by the Medical Education Committee of Ministry of Education of the National Government, whose chief editor, editors and authors were mostly authoritative scholars. Its publication time was 1935-1941, and was once an important basis reflecting the development levels and results of Chinese medicine during the Anti-Japanese War, introspecting Chinese medicine education, spreading medical knowledge...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290967/the-brief-military-career-of-dr-william-h-welch
#9
James K Gilman
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this article is to examine the Army service of Dr. William H. Welch during World War I. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archival research utilizing prime source documents in the William H. Welch Collection of the Alan M. Chesney Medical Archives for the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. RESULTS: Welch joined the Army at the age of 67 after serving as one of the principal transformational forces for reforming medical education in the United States and founding the first academic institution for educating public health professionals in the United States, the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and Hygiene...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290942/increased-postdeployment-use-of-medication-for-common-mental-disorders-in-danish-gulf-war-veterans
#10
Lars Ravnborg Nissen, Christian Stoltenberg, Mia Sadowa Vedtofte, Anni Brit Sternhagen Nielsen, Jacob Louis Marott, Finn Gyntelberg, Bernadette Guldager
BACKGROUND: Gulf War veterans (GWVs) have an elevated risk of reporting symptoms of mental disorders as compared with nondeployed military controls. A difficulty in the Gulf War health research is that most health outcomes are self-reported; therefore, it is highly relevant to study objective outcomes in this line of research. The Danish National Prescription Registry provides an opportunity to use the prescription of drugs as an objective evaluation of the impact of mental health disorders at the individual level...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255742/werther-s-collection-of-medical-moulages
#11
Uwe Wollina, Gesina Hansel, Katlein França, Torello Lotti, Maria Grazia Roccia, Massimo Fioranelli
Moulages are individualized wax models that were very popular as teaching aids in medicine during the 19(th) and until the first half of the 20(th) century. After a period of decline, moulages have become a subject of interest again in more recent times since they represent unique artifacts of art, craftsmanship, and medical history. Werther's collection at Dresden-Friedrichstadt Hospital was one of the most important in Dresden-the capital of Saxony-during the period before World War II. Some relicts have survived and have been restored...
March 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234176/a-brief-overview-of-the-life-and-work-of-lyon-henry-appleby-m-d-1895-1970
#12
Jon Harrison, Michael J Pucci, Scott W Cowan, Charles J Yeo
The life and work of Dr. Lyon Henry Appleby, M.D., portrays the essence of a devoted clinician committed to scholarly excellence. Born in Deseronto, Ontario, in 1895 and passing in 1970, Dr. Appleby influenced all areas of general surgery, most notably popularizing a procedure that bears his name today. After a tour in World War I, he quickly proved himself to be a dedicated clinician with roots in academia, which translated into excellence within the Department of Surgery at St. Paul's Hospital in Vancouver, Canada...
December 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185969/joseph-buford-pennybacker-cbe-md-frcs-1907-1983-continuing-sir-hugh-cairns-oxford-legacy-and-pioneer-of-the-modern-management-of-cerebral-abscesses
#13
REVIEW
Ravindran Visagan, Harold Ellis
The authors examine the life and contribution of Joseph Buford Pennybacker to British neurosurgery and the modern management of cerebral abscesses. Pennybacker's inspirational journey began with him aspiring to Ephraim McDowell. It saw him cross the Atlantic, learn medicine at Edinburgh, train in neurology at Queen Square in London and learn neurosurgery under Sir Hugh Cairns in Oxford. He navigated a successful career through World War Two and together with Cairns established the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford as a highly esteemed neurosurgical unit...
February 6, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154920/high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer-the-clone-wars
#14
REVIEW
Aleksander Salomon-Perzyński, Magdalena Salomon-Perzyńska, Bogdan Michalski, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta
BACKGROUND: The last 5 years' studies using next-generation sequencing provided evidences that many types of solid tumors present spatial and temporal genetic heterogeneity and are composed of multiple populations of genetically distinct subclones that evolve over time following a pattern of branched evolution. The evolutionary nature of cancer has been proposed as the major contributor to drug resistance and treatment failure. In this review, we present the current state of knowledge about the clonal evolution of high-grade serous ovarian cancer and discuss the challenge that clonal evolution poses for efforts to achieve an optimal cancer control...
March 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123275/role-of-forensic-odontology-in-the-indian-armed-forces-an-unexplored-arena
#15
REVIEW
Karandeep Singh Arora, Prabhpreet Kaur
Forensic odontology (FO) is a branch of forensic medicine that in the interest of justice deals with proper handling and examination of dental evidence. Teeth can survive in most conditions encountered at death and during decomposition, even when the body is exposed to extreme forces and/or temperatures. FO is being practiced worldwide since 1775, after which it has not only become an integral part of the judicial system of the developed countries but also been adopted by the armed forces and investigative agencies of these countries...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103999/-a-research-on-confucian-scholar-practicing-medicine-at-the-turn-of-the-jin-and-yuan-dynasties
#16
Y Q Li
After the rising of the Yuan Dynasty by defeating the Jin and Southern Song Dynasties, there were huge influences on the life of the Confucian scholars. A large number of Confucian scholar practiced medicine actively or passively. They practiced medicine in order to live safely in war time; or turned into the officials, with only a few of them even became senior officials. Some Confucian scholars changed their household registration by using the medical profession, and improved the identity and status in the society...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103979/-foreign-firms-and-dissemination-of-western-medicine-in-china-before-the-opium-war
#17
L P He, L Wang
From the beginning of the 19th century to the Opium War, by taking the advantages of free entering and departing China, and to protect themselves, the foreign firms introduced vaccination technique into China. This is the beginning of the introduction of western medicine to China. After 1807, following the arrival of protestant missionaries, foreign firms became the stronghold for the missionaries to conceal their missionary status so as to propagate the principles of Christianity. With the aid of the business firms employee's legal identity, the missionaries started their activities of delivering western medicines and practices...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#18
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071601/applications-of-nuclear-physics
#19
A C Hayes
Today the applications of nuclear physics span a very broad range of topics and fields. This review discusses a number of aspects of these applications, including selected topics and concepts in nuclear reactor physics, nuclear fusion, nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear-geophysics, and nuclear medicine. The review begins with a historic summary of the early years in applied nuclear physics, with an emphasis on the huge developments that took place around the time of World War II, and that underlie the physics involved in designs of nuclear explosions, controlled nuclear energy, and nuclear fusion...
February 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060984/-saints-in-medicine-during-the-great-wars-of-the-twentieth-century
#20
María Agustina Martini, Bárbara C Finn, Julio E Bruetman, Pablo Young
In the political and social context of World War periods and unstoppable technological advances, health professionals in the early twentieth century tried to orientate the practice of medicine towards a modern anthropological concept close to the biomedical perspective, which defends the dignity of a person. Threatened by the risks represented by collectivism and the meanness of the prevailing repressive governments, a personal struggle for the defense of life aroused, which was socially expressed by the advent of bioethics, psychoanalytic theories and the concept that environment has an important role in people’s health and welfare...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
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