keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oral appliance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339202/an-in-situ-pilot-study-to-investigate-the-native-clinical-resistance-of-enamel-to-erosion
#1
Francesca Mullan, Rupert S Austin, Charles R Parkinson, David W Bartlett
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences in susceptibility of the surface of native and polished enamel to dietary erosion using an in-situ model. METHODS: Thirty healthy volunteers (n = 10 per group) wore mandibular appliances containing 2 native and 2 polished enamel samples for 30 minutes after which, the samples were exposed to either an ex vivo or in vivo immersion in orange juice for 5, 10 or 15 minutes and the cycle repeated twice with an hour's interval between them...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327733/orthopaedic-treatment-effects-of-functional-therapy-on-the-sagittal-pharyngeal-dimensions-in-subjects-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-class-ii-malocclusion
#2
C Pavoni, E Cretella Lombardo, R Lione, P Bollero, F Ottaviani, P Cozza
The purpose of this cephalometric study was to evaluate the craniofacial changes induced by functional treatment of mandibular advancement with special regard to pharyngeal sagittal airway dimensions, tongue and hyoid bone position in subjects with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and dentoskeletal Class II malocclusions compared with an untreated Class II control group. 51 subjects (24 female, 27 male; mean age 9.9 ± 1.3 years) with Class II malocclusion and SDB consecutively treated with a functional appliance (Modify Monobloc, MM) were compared with a control group of 31 subjects (15 males, 16 females; mean age 10...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315419/the-effect-of-obesity-on-orofacial-pain-during-early-orthodontic-treatment-with-fixed-appliances-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Hayder F Saloom, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Guy H Carpenter, Martyn T Cobourne
Introduction: We have investigated orofacial pain in a prospective cohort of obese and normal-weight subjects undergoing fixed-appliance orthodontic treatment. Methods: Fifty-five subjects (27 males, 28 females) mean age 15.1 (1.6) years and mean body mass index 30.2 (3.5) in obese and 19.4 (2.2) kg/m2 in normal-weight groups were followed for 1 week after appliance placement. Primary outcome was maximum-pain measured using a 100-mm visual analogue scale. Secondary outcomes included mean pain and oral analgesic consumption...
October 9, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315069/-intramaxillary-devices-of-molar-distalization-on-fixed-appliance-and-with-aligners
#4
Ines Dallel, Patrice Bergeyron, Ameni Chok, Samir Tobji, Adel Ben Amor
INTRODUCTION: Class II malocclusion is a dysmorphosis that can result from different skeletal and/or alveolar components of maxillary and/or mandibular origin. In dental class II cases due to mesial drift of the maxillary molars, it is sometimes interesting to retract the maxillary molars, in order to avoid in certain situations extractions of premolars. To this end, several devices have been described in the literature. The most recent intraoral devices allow a more controlled correction, and no longer require cooperation from the patient...
December 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312828/profiling-of-subgingival-plaque-biofilm-microbiota-in-female-adult-patients-with-clear-aligners-a-three-month-prospective-study
#5
Runzhi Guo, Yunfei Zheng, Hao Liu, Xiaobei Li, Lingfei Jia, Weiran Li
Background: Clear aligners are well known for facilitating oral hygiene maintenance and decreasing susceptibility to periodontal diseases as compared to conventional fixed appliances. However, few research studies focus on the subgingival microbial community during clear aligner treatment (CAT). Hence, this study investigates changes of the subgingival microbial community and its association with clinical characteristics during the first three months of CAT. Methods: Ten female patients with clear aligners were enrolled in this study...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277633/which-place-of-pharmacological-approaches-beyond-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-to-treat-vascular-disease-related-to-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
REVIEW
Elodie Gautier-Veyret, Jean-Louis Pépin, Françoise Stanke-Labesque
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete upper airway obstruction, occurring during sleep, leading to chronic intermittent hypoxia (IH), which harms the cardiovascular system. OSA is associated with both functional and structural vascular alterations that contribute to an increased prevalence of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events. OSA is a heterogeneous disease with respect to the severity of hypoxia, the presence of daytime symptoms, obesity, and cardiovascular comorbidities...
December 22, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274155/oral-appliance-therapy-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-long-term-adherence-and-patients-experiences
#7
B Saglam-Aydinatay, T Taner
BACKGROUND: Despite the advances in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with mandibular advancement appliances (MAA), their effectiveness is dependent on the patients compliance. Our aims were to evaluate the long-term adherence to MAA therapy and patients experiences of the treatment in OSA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-nine patients (52 males, 17 females; Mean age: 54.4±10.8 years) were included in the study. The subjects were mild (56%) and moderate (44%) OSA patients who had been treated using MAA at least 4 years prior to the study...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247295/the-predictive-value-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-for-cpap-titration-in-osa-patients
#8
Ming-Chin Lan, Yen-Bin Hsu, Ming-Ying Lan, Yun-Chen Huang, Ming-Chang Kao, Tung-Tsun Huang, Tsan-Jen Chiu, Mei-Chen Yang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify possible upper airway obstructions causing a higher continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) titration level, utilizing drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). METHODS: A total of 76 patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) underwent CPAP titration and DISE. DISE findings were recorded using the VOTE classification system. Polysomnographic (PSG) data, anthropometric variables, and patterns of airway collapse during DISE were analyzed with CPAP titration levels...
December 15, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211366/trace-metal-ions-release-from-fixed-orthodontic-appliances-and-dna-damage-in-oral-mucosa-cells-by-in-vivo-studies-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Patrycja Downarowicz, Marcin Mikulewicz
An overview of professional literature referring to the release of metal ions from fixed orthodontic appliances and their influence on oral mucosa in conditions of in vivo are presented, along with a detailed analysis of the exposure of the cells of cheek mucosa epithelium to metal ions. Electronic databases (PubMed, Elsevier, Ebsco) were searched with no language restrictions. The relevant orthodontic journals and reference lists were checked for all eligible studies. A total of 38 scientific articles were retrieved in the initial search...
October 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207841/effect-of-mobile-phone-usage-on-nickel-ions-release-and-ph-of-saliva-in-patients-undergoing-fixed-orthodontic-treatment
#10
Lalita Girish Nanjannawar, Tejashree Suresh Girme, Jiwanasha Manish Agrawal, Manish Suresh Agrawal, Sangamesh Gurunath Fulari, Shraddha Subhash Shetti, Vishwal Ajith Kagi
Introduction: Hand held mobile phones are presently the most popular means of communication worldwide and have transformed our lives in many aspects. The widespread use of such devices have resulted in growing concerns regarding harmful effects of radiations emitted by them. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of mobile phone usage on nickel ion release as well as pH of saliva in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. Aim: To assess the level of nickel ions in saliva and pH of saliva in mobile phone users undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205804/a-prospective-cohort-study-assessing-the-appearance-of-retrieved-aesthetic-orthodontic-archwires
#11
S Collier, N Pandis, A Johal, U Qureshi, P K Sharma, P S Fleming
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the appearance of three esthetic nickel titanium (NiTi) wires after 6 weeks of intra-oral cycling and to determine the association between objective and subjective measures of esthetics. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A prospective cohort study was undertaken involving participants undergoing upper fixed orthodontic appliance treatment with ceramic brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty participants were assigned to one of three groups of NiTi esthetic wires (American Orthodontics Ever White™, Forestadent Biocosmetic™ and GAC High Aesthetic™), with wires retrieved after 6 weeks in situ...
December 4, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204583/osa-treatment-history-in-an-upper-airway-stimulation-trial-cohort
#12
Ryan J Soose, Tapan A Padhya, M Boyd Gillespie, Oleg Froymovich, Ho-Sheng Lin, B Tucker Woodson
Objectives: Analyze the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment history in a group of participants who enrolled in a hypoglossal nerve stimulation trial. Methods: Moderate-severe OSA patients with difficulty adhering to CPAP presented for enrollment in a multicenter trial. Self-reported history on prior OSA medical therapy was collected at enrollment, including OSA diagnosis date, CPAP start and stop dates, oral appliance trial, and reasons for discontinuation or non-adherence...
June 2017: World journal of otorhinolaryngology—head and neck surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198303/predictors-of-side-effects-with-long-term-oral-appliance-therapy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Hitomi Ono Minagi, Kentaro Okuno, Kanji Nohara, Takayoshi Sakai
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of dental changes associated with long-term treatment with oral appliances (OAs) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: This was a retrospective study to investigate Japanese patients with OSA receiving long-term treatment with OAs. Comparisons of cephalometric analysis were carried out between the initial and follow-up assessments of dental and skeletal changes. Based on dental changes, predictors that may cause side effects were investigated...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195726/cardiovascular-effects-of-oral-appliance-therapy-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Grietje E de Vries, Peter J Wijkstra, Ewout J Houwerzijl, Huib A M Kerstjens, Aarnoud Hoekema
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study systematically reviews the effects of oral appliance therapy (OAT) on a broad spectrum of cardiovascular outcomes. A literature search was performed up to December 31st 2016. Twenty-five relevant full-text articles were retrieved. Sixteen articles were considered methodologically sufficient, including 11 randomized controlled trials. Pooled data of the RCTs showed significant reductions in daytime systolic and diastolic blood pressure compared to baseline, but no significant reductions in heart rate, except for daytime heart rate when compared to inactive/placebo OAT...
October 26, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182798/pharmacological-interventions-for-pain-relief-during-orthodontic-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Aoife B Monk, Jayne E Harrison, Helen V Worthington, Annabel Teague
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common side effect of orthodontic treatment. It increases in proportion to the amount of force applied to the teeth, and the type of orthodontic appliance used can affect the intensity of the pain. Pain during orthodontic treatment has been shown to be the most common reason for people wanting to discontinue treatment, and has been ranked as the worst aspect of treatment. Although pharmacological methods of pain relief have been investigated, there remains some uncertainty among orthodontists about which painkillers are most suitable and whether pre-emptive analgesia is beneficial...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176857/prevalence-of-fima-genotypes-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis-in-adolescent-orthodontic-patients
#16
Shuang Pan, Yi Liu, Yi Si, Qiang Zhang, Lin Wang, Jianwei Liu, Chunling Wang, Shuiqing Xiao
BACKGROUND: The placement of fixed orthodontic appliances may alter the composition of oral microbiota and has the potential risk of periodontal complication. Porphyromonas gingivalis fimbriae play a critical role in colonization of P. gingivalis in subgingival regions. In this study, we investigated the association between the prevalence of P. gingivalis-specific fimA genotypes and periodontal health status in adolescent orthodontic patients, to identify the pathogencity of P. gingivalis during orthodontic therapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173855/short-term-and-long-term-effectiveness-of-powered-toothbrushes-in-promoting-periodontal-health-during-orthodontic-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Shamsa Abdullah Al Makhmari, Eleftherios G Kaklamanos, Athanasios E Athanasiou
INTRODUCTION: Although powered toothbrushes have been reported to reduce gingivitis more than manual toothbrushes in the general population, the evidence regarding orthodontic patients has been inconclusive. Thus, we aimed to compare their effectiveness in relation to any available parameter regarding oral health in orthodontic patients with fixed appliances. METHODS: Searches without restrictions for published and unpublished literature and hand searching took place up to August 2017...
December 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161376/incisor-root-resorption-in-class-ii-division-2-patients-in-relation-to-orthodontic-treatment
#18
Varro Faxén Sepanian, Liselotte Sonnesen
Background/Objectives: The aims were 1. to analyse differences in the occurrence of orthodontic induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) of the upper and lower incisors in Angle Class II division 2 patients, between patients treated with fixed appliance only (one-phase treatment group) and patients treated with removable appliance before treatment with fixed appliance (two-phase treatment group) and 2. to analyse differences in OIIRR between treatment time, age, gender, craniofacial morphology and deviations in the dentition for the two groups together...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161371/long-term-remineralizing-effect-of-mi-paste-plus-on-regression-of-early-caries-after-orthodontic-fixed-appliance-treatment-a-12-month-follow-up-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Moniek W Beerens, Jacob M Ten Cate, Mark J Buijs, Monique H van der Veen
Background: Casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-fluoride-phosphate (CPP-ACFP) can remineralize subsurface lesions. It is the active ingredient of MI-Paste-Plus® (MPP). The long-term remineralization efficacy is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the long-term effect of MPP versus a placebo paste on remineralization of enamel after fixed orthodontic treatment over a 12-month period. Design: This trial was designed as a prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled RCT...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160155/design-and-manufacturing-ofpatient-specific-orthodonticappliances-by-computer-aided-engineering-techniques
#20
Sandro Barone, Paolo Neri, Alessandro Paoli, Armando Viviano Razionale
Orthodontic treatments are usually performed using fixed brackets or removable oral appliances, which are traditionally made from alginate impressions and wax registrations. Among removable devices, eruption guidance appliances are used for early orthodontic treatments in order to intercept and prevent malocclusion problems. Commercially available eruption guidance appliances, however, are symmetric devices produced using a few standard sizes. For this reason, they are not able to meet all the specific patient's needs since the actual dental anatomies present various geometries and asymmetric conditions...
November 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
keyword
keyword
74695
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"