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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161376/incisor-root-resorption-in-class-ii-division-2-patients-in-relation-to-orthodontic-treatment
#1
Varro Faxén Sepanian, Liselotte Sonnesen
Background/Objectives: The aims were 1. to analyse differences in the occurrence of orthodontic induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) of the upper and lower incisors in Angle Class II division 2 patients, between patients treated with fixed appliance only (one-phase treatment group) and patients treated with removable appliance before treatment with fixed appliance (two-phase treatment group) and 2. to analyse differences in OIIRR between treatment time, age, gender, craniofacial morphology and deviations in the dentition for the two groups together...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161371/long-term-remineralizing-effect-of-mi-paste-plus-on-regression-of-early-caries-after-orthodontic-fixed-appliance-treatment-a-12-month-follow-up-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Moniek W Beerens, Jacob M Ten Cate, Mark J Buijs, Monique H van der Veen
Background: Casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-fluoride-phosphate (CPP-ACFP) can remineralize subsurface lesions. It is the active ingredient of MI-Paste-Plus® (MPP). The long-term remineralization efficacy is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the long-term effect of MPP versus a placebo paste on remineralization of enamel after fixed orthodontic treatment over a 12-month period. Design: This trial was designed as a prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled RCT...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160155/design-and-manufacturing-ofpatient-specific-orthodonticappliances-by-computer-aided-engineering-techniques
#3
Sandro Barone, Paolo Neri, Alessandro Paoli, Armando Viviano Razionale
Orthodontic treatments are usually performed using fixed brackets or removable oral appliances, which are traditionally made from alginate impressions and wax registrations. Among removable devices, eruption guidance appliances are used for early orthodontic treatments in order to intercept and prevent malocclusion problems. Commercially available eruption guidance appliances, however, are symmetric devices produced using a few standard sizes. For this reason, they are not able to meet all the specific patient's needs since the actual dental anatomies present various geometries and asymmetric conditions...
November 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152745/impact-of-an-oral-appliance-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-quality-of-life-and-biomarkers
#4
Enrique Fernández-Julián, Tomás Pérez-Carbonell, Rocío Marco, Verónica Pellicer, Enrique Rodriguez-Borja, Jaime Marco
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate outcomes including efficacy, quality of life, and levels of inflammatory markers of a mandibular advancement device (MAD) for moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Patients with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15/hr who only accepted MAD therapy (study group) or who refused any treatment (control group) were recruited. At baseline and at 6 months, polysomnography, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 1β, interleukin 6, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were assessed in both groups...
November 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151795/the-influence-of-occlusal-stabilization-appliances-on-cervical-dystonia-symptoms
#5
Camelia Navrotchi, Mîndra Eugenia Badea
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the therapeutic efficiency of the occlusal stabilization appliance (OSA) in patients with cervical dystonia (CD). Methods: The study included 11 patients aged between 29 and 80 years, 7 women and 4 men, diagnosed with primary CD. The patients underwent an extra- and intra-oral clinical examination, followed by para-clinical examinations, necessary for the specifications of the OSA. The following data were recorded: demographic parameters, CD duration, management of the disease, dental impression, recording of the centric relationship, recording of the position of the upper jaw with the facial bow...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147581/review-of-and-updates-on-hypertension-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
REVIEW
Masood Ahmad, Devan Makati, Sana Akbar
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep disorder as is hypertension (HTN) in the 21st century with the rising incidence of obesity. Numerous studies have shown a strong association of OSA with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. There is overwhelming evidence supporting the relationship between OSA and hypertension (HTN). The pathophysiology of HTN in OSA is complex and dependent on various factors such as sympathetic tone, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, endothelial dysfunction, and altered baroreceptor reflexes...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143355/short-term-changes-in-chewing-efficiency-and-subjective-evaluation-in-normal-dentate-subjects-after-insertion-of-oral-appliances-with-an-occlusal-flat-table
#7
Yuya Satokawa, Ichiro Minami, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: Oral appliances with an occlusal flat table are used as treatment dentures. However, the short-term effect of insertion of such oral appliances on chewing has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether experimental and continuous insertion of oral appliances with an occlusal flat table has an effect on chewing efficiency and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) in healthy participants. METHODS: Ten participants each in the oral-appliance and control (no oral-appliance insertion) groups attended six data collection sessions for 5 consecutive days...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129030/effects-of-cpap-and-mandibular-advancement-device-treatment-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Martha Schwartz, Luis Acosta, Yuan-Lung Hung, Mariela Padilla, Reyes Enciso
The purpose of this review is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) with a mandibular advancement device (MAD) in improving the quality of life (sleepiness, cognitive, and functional outcomes) in patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Authors identified randomized, placebo-controlled studies from MEDLINE through PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Studies were assessed for inclusion and exclusion criteria, as well as risk of bias...
November 11, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124991/similar-treatment-outcome-in-myofascial-tmd-patients-with-localized-and-widespread-pain
#9
Marika Doepel, Maria Nilner, Tero Vahlberg, Yrsa Le Bell
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of oral appliance treatment in myofascial Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients with and without comorbid pain using pain site drawings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This randomized, controlled multicentre study comprised 65 myofascial TMD patients diagnosed according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. Pain-site drawings were filled in at the baseline examination. The patients were treated with oral appliances...
November 10, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118574/how-is-adult-patient-adherence-recorded-in-orthodontists-clinical-notes-a-mixed-method-case-note-study
#10
Nawaf Al Shammary, Koula Asimakopoulou, Fraser McDonald, Jonathon T Newton, Sasha Scambler
Background: Patient adherence in orthodontic treatment is extremely important as it is linked with better treatment outcomes. Despite its importance, however, there is no shared definition of the concept. This makes the recording of adherence-related behaviors in patient notes difficult. The current study explored how, and to what extent adherence is recorded in adult patients' medical records by orthodontists working in a large National Health Service (NHS) London hospital. Materials and methods: A mixed-methods approach was used...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115191/risk-factors-for-the-efficacy-of-oral-appliance-for-treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-preliminary-study
#11
Geun-Shin Lee, Hye-Kyoung Kim, Mee-Eun Kim
Objective To identify potential risk factors of response to oral appliance in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods Fifteen OSA patients were enrolled. Clinical characteristics, cephalometric measurements, and the results of home sleep testing were retrospectively obtained at baseline, and a sleep test was done again at the end of treatment. Results Twelve subjects were responders and three were non-responders. The diastolic blood pressure, minimum pulse rate, SNA (Angle between sella-nasion and nasion-A point), ANB (Anteroposterior maxilla/mandible discrepancy), and facial convexity of non-responders was higher than those of responders...
November 8, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090478/reliability-of-an-adherence-monitoring-sensor-embedded-in-an-oral-appliance-used-for-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
K Gjerde, S Lehmann, I F Naterstad, M E Berge, A Johansson
The aim of this study was to test if digitally registered use of a Mandibular Advancement Device (MAD) by a built-in thermal sensor was reliable compared to a self-reported diary of MAD use. Eighty consecutive patients referred to a specialist outpatient sleep medicine clinic (HUS) were recruited. Patients of both genders aged from 25 to 70 years with a diagnosis of mild to moderate or severe OSA, were included. All participants signed a written informed consent when they received the MAD. For the purpose of this reliability study, we found it sufficient to include the first 30 nights of MAD use in the reliability analysis...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076049/correction-to-durability-of-treatment-effects-of-the-sleep-position-trainer-versus-oral-appliance-therapy-in-positional-osa-12-month-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Maurits H T de Ruiter, Linda B L Benoist, Nico de Vries, Jan de Lange
The article "Durability of treatment effects of the Sleep Position Trainer versus oral appliance therapy in positional OSA: 12-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial."
October 26, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067558/oral-appliance-treatment-outcome-can-be-predicted-by-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
Anders Storesund, Anders Johansson, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Sverre Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Studies show that the therapeutic CPAP pressure is associated with oral appliance (OA) treatment outcome in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. However, these studies included either CPAP adherent patients using fixed pressure devices, or partly CPAP non-adherent patients using fixed pressure or auto-adjusting (auto-CPAP) devices. In many countries, auto-CPAP is predominately used, and only those non-adherent to therapy need a change to OA. Therefore, studies examining the relationship between CPAP pressures and OA treatment outcome should focus on patients non-adherent to auto-CPAP...
October 24, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061111/normative-prosthodontic-care-need-does-it-impact-the-daily-life-of-young-saudis-with-high-level-of-oral-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Fahad Al-Harbi, Maha El Tantawi
BACKGROUND: Assessing the need for prosthodontic care previously included older age groups. There is less information about younger populations who may need this care because of high disease levels. The aim of this study was to assess the normative need for prosthodontic care in a young Saudi population with high oral disease levels, the associated factors and its impact on daily life. METHODS: A cross sectional study included Saudi adults in the Eastern Province in 2016...
October 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060174/characterization-of-a-tooth-microphone-coupled-to-an-oral-appliance-device-a-new-system-for-monitoring-osa-patients
#16
Yolanda Castillo, Dolores Blanco-Almazan, James Whitney, Barry Mersky, Raimon Jane
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent chronic disease, especially in elderly and obese populations. Despite constituting a serious health, social and economic problem, most patients remain undiagnosed and untreated due to limitations in current equipment. In this work, we propose a novel method to diagnose OSA and monitor therapy adherence and effectiveness at home in a non-invasive and inexpensive way: combining acoustic analysis of breathing and snoring sounds with oral appliance therapy (OA)...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045745/long-term-oral-appliance-therapy-improves-daytime-function-and-mood-in-upper-airway-resistance-syndrome-patients
#17
Luciana B M Godoy, Luciana Palombini, Dalva Poyares, Cibele Dal-Fabbro, Thaís Moura Guimarães, Priscila Calixto Klichouvicz, Sergio Tufik, Sonia Maria Togeiro
Objectives: To evaluate the long term effects of an oral appliance on clinical symptoms, respiratory sleep parameters, sleep quality and sustained attention in patients with Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS) compared with placebo. Methods: This study was a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. Thirty UARS patients were randomized in two groups: placebo and mandibular advancement device (MAD) groups. UARS criteria were presence of sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥ 10) and/or fatigue (Modified Fatigue Impact Scale ≥ 38) associated with an apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) ≤ 5 and a respiratory disturbance index (RDI) > 5 events/hour of sleep, and/or flow limitation in more than 30% of total sleep time...
October 17, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043975/-preventive-and-therapeutic-advantages-of-sugar-free-chewing-gums-in-orthodontics-a-study-conducted-on-practitioners-and-patients
#18
Pauline Ferney, François Clauss, Damien Offner, Delphine Wagner
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the level of knowledge in a cohort of oral health professionals and patients about preventive and therapeutic actions of sugar-free chewing gums. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A forward-looking monocentric study of perception regarding the level of information about the effects of sugar-free chewing gums consumption was conducted on 135 young patients, from 11 to 17 years old, carriers of fixed orthodontic appliances and treated in the Department of Orthodontics in the Oral Medicine and Surgery Center of the University Hospitals of Strasbourg...
September 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035296/a-wireless-monitoring-system-using-a-tunneling-sensor-array-in-a-smart-oral-appliance-for-sleep-apnea-treatment
#19
Kun-Ying Yeh, Chao-Chi Yeh, Chun-Chang Wu, Kuan Tang, Jyun-Yi Wu, Yun-Ting Chen, Ming-Xin Xu, Yunn-Jy Chen, Yao-Joe Yang, Shey-Shi Lu
Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder, and the most common type is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Untreated OSA will cause lots of potential health problems. Oral appliance therapy is an effective and popular approach for OSA treatment, but making a perfect fit for each patient is time-consuming and decreases its efficiency considerably. This paper proposes a System-on-a-Chip (SoC) enabled sleep monitoring system in a smart oral appliance, which is capable of intelligently collecting the physiological data about tongue movement through the whole therapy...
October 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975770/treatment-of-hyperdivergent-growth-pattern-and-anterior-open-bite-with-posterior-metallic-bite-planes-socia
#20
Domenico Ciavarella, Lucio Lo Russo, Jeffrey Nichelini, Mario Mastrovincenzo, Ersilia Barbato, Michele Laurenziello, Graziano Montaruli, Lorenzo Lo Muzio
INTRODUCTION: In the present paper, the authors analyze the effect of the "Swallowing Occlusal Contact Intercept Appliance" (SOCIA) in treatment of children with hyperdivergent Class II malocclusion. This functional appliance has no intra-oral anchorage, but induces a continuous periodontal, muscular, and articular stimulation. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with hyperdivergent growth and class II malocclusion were selected and treated with "Swallowing Occlusal Contact Intercept Appliance" appliance...
October 3, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
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