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Minimal pairs approach

Konstadinos Plestis, Oleg Orlov, Vishal N Shah, Joshua Wong, Matthew Thomas, Alon Aharon, Cinthia Orlov, Georgia Panagopoulos, Scott Goldman
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MIAVR) can be technically demanding and may lead to prolonged operative time. We evaluated the intraoperative and postoperative patient outcomes following implementation of 2 facilitating technologies (FT) in MIAVR: the Cor-Knot titanium fastener and Custodiol-histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution. METHODS: A total of 299 patients underwent MIAVR from 2008 to 2016; 172 (57.5%) patients were included in the FT group and 127 (42...
March 14, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Frederic Strobl, Anita Anderl, Ernst Hk Stelzer
Diploid transgenic organisms are either hemi- or homozygous. Genetic assays are, therefore, required to identify the genotype. Our AGameOfClones vector concept uses two clearly distinguishable transformation markers embedded in interweaved, but incompatible Lox site pairs. Cre-mediated recombination leads to hemizygous individuals that carry only one marker. In the following generation, heterozygous descendants are identified by the presence of both markers and produce homozygous progeny that are selected by the lack of one marker...
March 15, 2018: ELife
Jian Liu, Fuzhong Ouyang, Zhihao Zhao, Ruifang Gao, Rui Shi, Enhui Wu, Rui Lv, Guoqiang Xu
A dual maleimides (DuMal) tagging method has been developed for both relative and absolute quantitation of cysteine-containing peptides (CCPs) in combination with MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. We choose a pair of maleimides with the minimal difference in their chemical structures, including N-Methylmaleimide (NMM) and N-Ethylmaleimide (NEM), which allow for tagging CCPs in the Michael Addition reaction with a high efficiency rapidly (~minutes). We have validated that the DuMal Tagging technique is sensitive and reliable in quantitative analysis of CCPs...
March 15, 2018: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Shaunak Kar, Andrew D Ellington
T7 RNA polymerase (T7 RNAP) is one of the preferred workhorses for recombinant gene expression, owing in part to its high transcriptional activity and the fact that it has a small (17 base-pair), easily manipulated promoter. Furthermore, the fact that T7 RNAP is largely orthogonal to most hosts enables its use in a wide variety of contexts. However, the high activity of the enzyme also often leads to an increased fitness burden on the host, limiting the predictability of its interactions with and impact on physiology, and potentially leading to mutations to constructs...
March 5, 2018: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
A Borreca, V Latina, V Corsetti, S Middei, S Piccinin, F Della Valle, R Bussani, M Ammassari-Teule, R Nisticò, P Calissano, G Amadoro
The NH2 tau 26-44 aa (i.e., NH2 htau) is the minimal biologically active moiety of longer 20-22-kDa NH2 -truncated form of human tau-a neurotoxic fragment mapping between 26 and 230 amino acids of full-length protein (htau40)-which is detectable in presynaptic terminals and peripheral CSF from patients suffering from AD and other non-AD neurodegenerative diseases. Nevertheless, whether its exogenous administration in healthy nontransgenic mice is able to elicit a neuropathological phenotype resembling human tauopathies has not been yet investigated...
March 5, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Kevin D Moeller
While organic electrochemistry can look quite different to a chemist not familiar with the technique, the reactions are at their core organic reactions. As such, they are developed and optimized using the same physical organic chemistry principles employed during the development of any other organic reaction. Certainly, the electron transfer that triggers the reactions can require a consideration of new "wrinkles" to those principles, but those considerations are typically minimal relative to the more traditional approaches needed to manipulate the pathways available to the reactive intermediates formed downstream of that electron transfer...
March 2, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Karen B Schloss, Laurent Lessard, Charlotte S Walmsley, Kathleen Foley
People interpret abstract meanings from colors, which makes color a useful perceptual feature for visual communication. This process is complicated, however, because there is seldom a one-to-one correspondence between colors and meanings. One color can be associated with many different concepts (one-to-many mapping) and many colors can be associated with the same concept (many-to-one mapping). We propose that to interpret color-coding systems, people perform assignment inference to determine how colors map onto concepts...
2018: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
Pietro Grande, Gabriele Antonini, Cristiano Cristini, Ettore De Berardinis, Antonio Gatto, Giovanni Di Lascio, Andrea Lemma, Giuseppe Gentile, Giovanni Battista Di Pierro
PURPOSE: To compare perioperative results, safety and efficacy profile in patients receiving inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) via penoscrotal (PS) or minimally invasive infrapubic (MII) approach for erectile dysfunction. METHODS: A matched-pair analysis was performed including 42 patients undergoing IPP implantation via PS (n = 21) or MII (n = 21) between 2011 and 2016. Clinical and surgical data were prospectively collected. Patients' and partners' outcomes were assessed by the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), Erectile Dysfunction Inventory of Treatment Satisfaction (EDITS) and Quality of Life and Sexuality with Penile Prosthesis (QoLSPP) questionnaires...
February 28, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Jerome Kagan
This paper describes the contribution of two infant temperamental biases to variation in behaviour and biology over the first 18 years in a sample of middle-class Caucasian children. One bias, called high reactive, is defined by frequent display of limb activity and crying in four-month-old infants to unexpected or unfamiliar events. The other, called low reactive, is defined by the opposite pair of behaviours to the same incentives. High reactive infants are likely to display cautious, avoidant responses and signs of an excitable amygdala to unexpected experiences...
April 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Karl Gatterdam, Eike F Joest, Marina S Dietz, Mike Heilemann, Robert Tampé
Live-cell labeling, super-resolution microscopy, single-molecule applications, protein localization or chemically induced assembly are emerging approaches, which require specific and very small interaction pairs. The minimal disturbance of protein function is essential to derive unbiased insights into cellular processes. Here, we define a new class of hexavalent N-nitrilotriacetic acid (hexaNTA) chelators, displaying the highest affinity and stability of all NTA-based small interaction pairs described so far...
February 20, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Jordan L Wilson, V A Samaranayake, Matt A Limmer, Joel G Burken
Human exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) via vapor intrusion (VI) is an emerging public health concern with notable detrimental impacts on public health. Phytoforensics, plant sampling to semi-quantitatively delineate subsurface contamination, provides a potential non-invasive screening approach to detect VI potential, and plant sampling is effective and also time- and cost-efficient. Existing VI assessment methods are time- and resource-intensive, invasive, and require access into residential and commercial buildings to drill holes through basement slabs to install sampling ports or require substantial equipment to install groundwater or soil vapor sampling outside the home...
2018: PloS One
Charalampos Kyriakopoulos, Gerrit Grossmann, Verena Wolf, Luca Bortolussi
Contact processes form a large and highly interesting class of dynamic processes on networks, including epidemic and information-spreading networks. While devising stochastic models of such processes is relatively easy, analyzing them is very challenging from a computational point of view, particularly for large networks appearing in real applications. One strategy to reduce the complexity of their analysis is to rely on approximations, often in terms of a set of differential equations capturing the evolution of a random node, distinguishing nodes with different topological contexts (i...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
Gabrielle King, Bronwyn M Graham, Rick Richardson
The major weakness of psychological and pharmacological interventions for anxiety disorders is that the fear often returns. We examined whether DCS, which has attracted considerable attention as a potential pharmacological adjunct to therapy, reduces relapse, and whether individual differences in the rate of extinction modulates its effectiveness in reducing relapse. Experimentally-naïve adult male rats received pairings of a white noise CS with a shock US, extinction to a criterion immediately followed by an injection of DCS or Saline, and then were tested for relapse of fear (renewal, spontaneous recovery, or reinstatement; in four separate experiments)...
February 9, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Dimitris K Iakovidis, Diana E Yung, Evangelos Mazomenos, Federico Bianchi, Alexandros Karagyris, George Dimas, Danail Stoyanov, Henrik Thorlacius, Ervin Toth, Gastone Ciuti
Background and study aims : Capsule endoscopy (CE) is invaluable for minimally invasive endoscopy of the gastrointestinal tract; however, several technological limitations remain including lack of reliable lesion localization. We present an approach to 3D reconstruction and localization using visual information from 2D CE images. Patients and methods : Colored thumbtacks were secured in rows to the internal wall of a LifeLike bowel model. A PillCam SB3 was calibrated and navigated linearly through the lumen by a high-precision robotic arm...
February 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Lan Xu, Guy Nusholtz
Statistical methods, using the entire time-history, can be used to assess the impact response of an ATD (Anthropomorphic Test Device) in terms of its repeatability and reproducibility. In general, the methods generate a correlation relationship described as shape, magnitude and phase-difference between two time-histories' in a given set of similar tests: for repeatability the relationship it is for the same ATD, for reproducibility it is for different ATDs of the same design and for biofidelity it is a relationship between ATDs and biomechanical response data from a series of human surrogate impact tests...
November 2017: Stapp Car Crash Journal
Verena Prokosch-Willing, Shahzada Najam Ul Hassan, Julia Lamparter, Anani P Toshev, Norbert Pfeiffer, Esther M Hoffmann
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the results of an adaptive approach of bleb revision surgery for late onset hypotony after trabeculectomy with mitomycin C due to bleb leakage and/or scleral melting. METHODS: 29 eyes of 27 patients, aged 63.8±11.7 years with hypotony maculopathy (IOP ≤6▒mm Hg) due to late onset bleb leakage and/or scleral melting after trabeculectomy with mitomycin C in which minimally invasive transconjunctival suturing of the scleral flap was impossible were enrolled in this retrospective interventional case series...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
L Calzetta, P Rogliani, C Page, P Roncada, E Pistocchini, A Soggiu, C Piras, A Urbani, M G Matera
BACKGROUND: There are limited findings from low powered studies based on very low number of subjects with equine asthma. Furthermore, no studies have been performed to assess a meaningful clinically detectable impact of corticosteroids in equine asthma. OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the clinical effect of inhaled and systemic corticosteroids in equine asthma and identify a quantitative clinical score suitable to assess the Minimal Important Difference (MID), expressed as the Minimally Clinically Detectable Difference (MCDD)...
February 2, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
Kaisorn L Chaichana, Tito Vivas-Buitrago, Christina Jackson, Jeffrey Ehresman, Alessandro Olivi, Chetan Bettegowda, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa
OBJECTIVE: There is a growing trend towards skull base (SB) approaches and retractorless surgery to minimize brain manipulation during surgery. We evaluated the radiographic changes over time after surgical resection of anterior cranial fossa meningiomas with and without both SB approaches and/or fixed retractor systems. METHODS: All adults undergoing primary resection of an anterior cranial fossa WHO grade I meningioma through a craniotomy at a single academic tertiary-care institution from 2010-2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 20, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Arghya Chakravorty, Zhe Jia, Lin Li, Shan Zhao, Emil Alexov
Typically, the ensemble average polar component of solvation energy (∆G_polar^solv) of a macromolecule is computed using molecular dynamics (MD) or Monte Carlo (MC) simulations to generate conformational ensemble and then single/rigid conformation solvation energy calculation is performed on each of snapshots. The primary objective of this work is to demonstrate that Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) based approach using a Gaussian-based smooth dielectric function for macromolecular modeling previously developed by us (Li et al...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
S Stasik, C Schuster, C Ortlepp, U Platzbecker, M Bornhäuser, J Schetelig, G Ehninger, G Folprecht, C Thiede
Monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD) has become an important clinical aspect for early relapse detection during follow-up care after cancer treatment. Still, the sensitive detection of single base pair point mutations via Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) is hampered mainly due to high substitution error rates. We evaluated the use of NGS for the detection of low-level variants on an Ion Torrent PGM system. As a model case we used the c.1849G > T (p.Val617Phe) mutation of the JAK2-gene. Several reaction parameters (e...
May 2018: Biomolecular Detection and Quantification
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