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G J Anbuselvan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Akhilesh Kumar, Nand Lal, Rameshwari Singhal, Pavitra Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Regenerative procedures frequently include the use of barrier membranes and bone grafting materials to encourage the growth of key surrounding tissues. The present study aims to evaluate and compare the ability of periosteum in intrabony defect regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of ten intrabony defects were equally divided in two treatment groups. Group I consisted of Periosteum used as a barrier memebrane and Group II of periosteum as barrier membrane alongwith graft material...
July 2014: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Dheeraj Rathore, S B Agrawal
Field study was conducted in two wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L. cv. HD 2329 and HUW 234) by supplimenting UV-B irradiation with different levels of mineral nutrients in order to evaluate the accumulation and translocation of trace elements. sUV-B significantly affected accumulation and translocation of most of the metals studied. Application of nutrients at higher doses enhanced the accumulation of trace elements in plants and grains of both cultivars. A higher dose of nutrient along with sUV-B resulted in increased accumulation of lead both in plants and grains, cadmium and chromium in grains, and copper in plants and decreased accumulation of cadmium in plants, copper in grains, chromium in plants and iron in plants and grains of both the tested cultivars...
May 2014: Journal of Environmental Biology
Sang-Beom Kim, Seong-Hwan Kim, Kyung-Rim Lee, Jae-Ouk Shim, Min-Woong Lee, Mi-Ja Shim, U-Youn Lee, Tae-Soo Lee
Oudemansiella radicata, one of edible mushrooms belonging to Tricholomataceae of Basidiomycota, has been known to exhibit outstanding therapeutic effects on the hypertension caused by high blood pressure and inhibitory effects on the sarcoma 180 and Erhrlich carcinoma of mice. As one of preliminary experiments for producing fruiting-body of O. radicata, this study was carried out to obtain the basic information for culture conditions of mycelial growth of the fungus. The optimal temperature and pH for the mycelial growth were 25℃ and pH 6, respectively...
December 2005: Mycobiology
Cristina Cijevschi Prelipcean, Cătălina Mihai, P Gogălniceanu, B Mihai
Pruritus, fatigue and osteoporosis are the main symptoms of the extra hepatic manifestations of chronic cholestasis that affect patients' quality of life. Pruritus affects more often female patients, varies as intensity during a day and for longer period of time, typically can be localized on the palms of hands and soles of feet or can be generalized. Pruritus can be treated with anions resines exchange--cholestiramine, the pregnanne X receptor agonist Rifampicine, Naltrexone. Liver transplantation can be considered if severe pruritus remains refractory to all medical treatments...
April 2012: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Hee Sam Na, You Jin Lim, Yeon-Sook Yun, Mi Na Kweon, Hyun-Chul Lee
BACKGROUND: There have been several reports describing the capability of ginseng extracts as an adjuvant. In this study, we tested if ginsan, a polysaccharide extracted from Panax ginseng, was effective in enhancing antibody response to orally delivered Salmonella antigen. METHODS: Ginsan was treated before oral salmonella antigen administration. Salmonella specific antibody was determined by ELISA. mRNA expression was determined by RT-PCR. Cell migration was determined by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry...
February 2010: Immune Network
Gregory Yh Lip, Lalit Kalra
INTRODUCTION: People with a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack are at high risk of all vascular events, such as myocardial infarction (MI), but are at particular risk of subsequent stroke (about 10% in the first year and about 5% each year thereafter). METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of preventive interventions in people with previous stroke or transient ischaemic attack? What are the effects of preventive anticoagulant and antiplatelet treatments in people with atrial fibrillation and either with or without previous stroke or transient ischaemic attack? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to September 2006 (BMJ Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically; please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review)...
September 3, 2008: Clinical Evidence
P K Khan, S P Sinha
OBJECTIVE: To assess the antimutagenicity of antioxidant vitamins (vitamins A, C, and E) as expressed by their efficacy to lower aflatoxin-induced mutations. METHODS: The Muller-5 method for mutation detection was used to assay the frequency of X-chromosome linked recessive lethal mutations (XRLMs) in Drosophila. Larvae were exposed to dietary concentration of aflatoxins and/or the human therapeutic doses of any of the three antioxidant vitamins. Absence of normal eyed males among M2 progeny gave an indication of mutation induction...
April 2008: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
Ai-hua Liao, Rebmann Vera, Grosse-Wilde Hans, Yan Wang, Ling Zhang
AIM: To explore the optimal in vitro culture condition for producing antibodies to HLA class I molecules by human B lymphocyte cells. METHODS: By applying EBV-transformed B lymphoblast cell line (BLCL) from a sensitized kidney transplanted subject as a model, the capacity of Ig and specific HLA class I antibody production of BLCL cells was investigated by ELISA and ELISpot, under three different culture systems, RPMI1640+OPTI mAb, RPMI1640+0.1 mmol/L non-essential amino acid+1 mmol/L sodium pyruvate+40 mg/L apo-transferrin,and serum free medium (SFM) for hybridoma culture, and three different culture conditions, culture medium only, culture medium supplemented with IL-4, IL-10 and alpha-CD40, and culture medium supplemented with IL-4, IL-10 and CD40L...
July 2007: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Kenji Hirota
During pregnancy, considerable amounts of calcium are transported from mother to fetus through the placenta. Calcium needs for milk production during lactation. The maternal bone density during reproducton if there is enough calcium supplimentation. The bone density is regained after several years. In order to satisfy the inceased demands for calcium, maternal metabolism of bone change dynamically during pregnancy and lactation. Calcium absorption rate is increased by 1,25 (OH)(2)D , which is activated with IGF- I , estrogen...
July 2003: Clinical Calcium
Seishi Shimizu, Chandra L Boon
Cosolvents added to aqueous solutions of biomolecules profoundly affect protein stability, as well as biochemical equilibria. Some cosolvents, such as urea and guanidine hydrochloride, denature proteins, whereas others, such as osmolytes and crowders, stabilize the native structures of proteins. The way cosolvents interact with biomolecules is crucial information required to understand the cosolvent effect at a molecular level. We present a statistical mechanical framework based upon Kirkwood-Buff theory, which enables one to extract this picture from experimental data...
November 8, 2004: Journal of Chemical Physics
I Yasuda, M Irimada, T Hirano, H Ishii, T Tajima
The effect of halothane and enflurane on tracheal tone were studied in 21 patients during the induction of anesthesia. Endotracheal tube cuff pressure was used to measure tracheal tone. Anesthesia, maintained by nitrous oxide 70% in oxygen, was supplimented with succinylcholine drip infusion to immobilize the patient. Ventilation was controlled by a Volume-preset ventilator. In the halothane group, the initial cuff pressure was 14.8 +/- 1.3 (mean +/- SE) cmH(2)O but 10 min after 0.15 mg/kg of pancuronium injection, it increased to 21...
March 1, 1988: Journal of Anesthesia
M Chen, X S Liu, Z C Liu
The equipment of using Azolla for O2-supplementation and food-production in future space station was developed and tested. Dog was used as the O2-consuming animal. The design of this device considered both the requirement of Azolla growth, such as illumination, temperature, humidity, nutrition and biomass harvesting, and also the food supplement, excretion draining and temperature controlling for the dog under the condition of an airtight chamber for a relatively long duration. This device was preliminarily tested for O2-release by Azolla, and data about O2-supplement by Azolla were obtained...
February 2000: Hang Tian Yi Xue Yu Yi Xue Gong Cheng, Space Medicine & Medical Engineering
R Singh, S Gopalan, A Sibal
Nutrition and immunology are interrelated. Several nutrients like arginine, glutamine, omega-3-fatty acids and nucleotides enhance cellular immunity, modulate tumor cell metabolism and improve clinical outcome in stress situations. Glutamine supplementation has been shown to decrease incidence of sepsis and to reduce length of hospital stay in bone marrow transplant patients, low birth weight infants, surgical and multiple trauma patients. Studies with arginine have shown a reduction in infectious complications and lower mortality, however a better understanding of the biology of arginine is needed...
May 2002: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
J J Morrissey, S Raney
The progression of human breast cancer is often associated with a loss of estrogen dependence for growth, a resistance to estrogen antagonists such as tamoxifen, and the metastatic spread of the disease to secondary sites. Cell lines developed from such advanced breast tumors are often metastatic in athymic mice, show a loss of estrogen receptor mRNA and protein (ER-), and do not respond to 17beta-estradiol. However many advanced human breast tumors do express significant amounts of ER transcript, especially when analyzed by more sensitive methods of detection including RT-PCR and Ribonuclease Protection Assay (RPA)...
1998: Cell Biology International
X You, S Tan
Beta-glucuronidase (beta-GD) activity in serum and upper respiratory tract (URT) secretion in patients with head and neck malignant tumors (HNMT) was studied. Subjects included 40 HNMT patients, 40 healthy volunteers and 40 patients with benign tumors of the head and neck region. The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference of serum beta-GD level among the three groups. The same was true for URT secretion between the normal control and benign tumor groups. beta-GD level in URT secretion was higher in HNMT group than in other groups (P < 0...
1996: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Ke za Zhi
D L Wheeler, K E Stokes, H M Park, J O Hollinger
Osseous defects and fractures may require supplimentation to support and promote healing. Bioglass (BG) may be a useful therapeutic for these conditions. Therefore, we executed a study to determine whether particulate BG could promote healing of 20-mm unilateral ostectomies in the radius of rabbits. Ostectomies were either treated with BG or remained untreated in the control (CTL) group. At 4 and 8 weeks post-treatment, ostectomies were assessed histomorphometrically and biomechanically. New bone formation was more intense contiguous to the host bone for both BG and CTL than centrally, yet BG animals displayed active mineralization throughout the ostectomy...
May 1997: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research
R M Burton, W W Damon, D C Dellinger
The advantages of clinical and mechanical combination of observations for prediction are mutually reinforced by an application of Bayesian statistics. The technique is shown to be particularly advantageous in a situation which is characterized by a paucity of observations available to suppliment a prior expert judgment. The approach also presents a basis for evaluating relative expertise and tracing the learning experience of experts. Taking the community as the organizational level of analysis, data on the classification of aged persons in Durham County, North Carolina, and data on the changes in classification of these individuals within the population over time are gathered and studied...
November 1976: Behavioral Science
O A Oluboyede, B O Onadeko
Twenty-one cases of pulmonary tuberculosis seen in the last two years in the chest clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan were studied for their haematological patterns at diagnosis and three months after. One group was put on anti-tuberculosis drugs only while the other group was put on anti-tuberculosis drugs and oral iron. The haematological results after 3 months show a significant rise in packed cell volume (PCV) less than 0.01 in the group given oral suppliments. Megaloblastic bone marrow changes occurred in 20 per cent of the patients after 3 months...
May 1978: Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Y Z Yu, Z Y Liu, T L Li, S X Jin, Y F Lu, X X Deng, Y N Cai, W I Liao, Y Z Yan, J T Yun, G Li, Y Lu, F J Wang, Y Liang, J X Li, W M Lu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1979: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
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