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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925648/sonographic-evaluation-of-intrathyroid-metastases
#1
J Matthew Debnam, Michael Kwon, Bruno D Fornage, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Gary L Clayman, Beth S Edeiken-Monroe
OBJECTIVES: Intrathyroid metastases from extrathyroid primary tumors are rare. Clinical findings may be subtle, but detection of intrathyroid metastases has improved with sonography. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sonographic appearance of intrathyroid metastases. METHODS: Patients with thyroid masses with cytopathologic features matching those of an extrathyroid primary tumor were retrospectively identified. The appearances of intrathyroid metastases on sonography were reviewed for the following features: size, margin regularity, echogenicity, echotexture, vascularity on power or color Doppler ultrasonography, and the presence or absence of any associated cervical adenopathy...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923781/population-attributable-risk-of-modifiable-and-nonmodifiable-breast-cancer-risk-factors-in-postmenopausal-breast-cancer
#2
Rulla M Tamimi, Donna Spiegelman, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Molin Wang, Mathew Pazaris, Walter C Willett, A Heather Eliassen, David J Hunter
We examined the proportions of multiple types of breast cancers in the population that were attributable to established risk factors, focusing on behaviors that are modifiable at menopause. We estimated the full and partial population attributable risk percentages (PAR%) by combining the relative risks and the observed prevalence rates of the risk factors of interest. A total of 8,421 cases of invasive breast cancer developed in postmenopausal women (n = 121,700) in the Nurses' Health Study from 1980-2010...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918166/-breast-self-examination-yes-or-no
#3
P Šašková, D Pavlišta
OBJECTIVE: The rising number of breast cancer is the worldwide problem. The screening mammography is considered as the most effective method to decrease the mortality of the disease. For many years, the breast self-examination has been promoted as the simplest method for breast cancer development in women. In this review article, we provide the results of studies on the effectiveness of breast self-examination. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Departmnet of Gynecologic and Obstetrition, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University Prague...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891392/a-study-of-evaluation-and-management-of-rare-congenital-breast-diseases
#4
Rikki Singal, Sudhir Kumar Mehta, Jyoti Bala, Muzzafar Zaman, Amit Mittal, Guarav Gupta, Samer Rudra, Samita Singal
INTRODUCTION: Polymastia and polythelia may be asymptomatic or cause pain, restriction of arm movement, milk discharge, cosmetic problems or anxiety. Cosmesis is the main indication for surgical excision of accessory breasts in axilla. In addition it also confirms the diagnosis and allays the patient's fear of harbouring a malignancy. AIM: To evaluate the presentation of symptoms, investigations required for diagnosis and the management to improve the treatment protocols in patients with breast diseases...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886412/cowden-syndrome-serendipitous-diagnosis-in-patients-with-significant-breast-disease-case-series-and-literature-review
#5
Roisin M Heaney, Michael Farrell, Maurice Stokes, Tom Gorey, Dylan Murray
Cowden syndrome (CS) is a multi-system disease that carries an increased lifetime risk of developing certain cancers as well as benign neoplasms. The presence of features of CS in the general unaffected population results in difficulties in the recognition and diagnosis of this condition. Early diagnosis is essential to prevent the development of malignant neoplasms, yet despite the introduction of diagnostic criteria and risk calculators, accurate diagnosis remains a challenge. We identified three patients who presented to the symptomatic breast unit of a University Teaching Hospital over a period of 12 weeks who subsequently were diagnosed with CS...
November 25, 2016: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881867/endothelial-cell-colony-forming-units-derived-from-malignant-breast-diseases-are-resistant-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-induced-apoptosis
#6
Chen-Pin Chou, Shih Sheng Jiang, Huay-Ben Pan, Yi-Chen Yen, Hui-Hwa Tseng, Yu-Ting Hung, Ssu-Han Wang, Yu-Lin Chen, Ya-Wen Chen
Mobilisation of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from the bone marrow is a crucial step in the formation of de novo blood vessels, and levels of peripheral blood EPCs have been shown to be elevated in certain malignant states. Using flow cytometry and a Hill-based colony forming unit (CFU) assay, the present study indicated that higher levels of CD34 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) double-positive EPCs, as well as increased formation of endothelial cell colony-forming units (EC-CFUs) are associated with benign and malignant breast diseases, providing possible indicators for breast disease detection...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865465/dysregulation-of-aromatase-in-breast-endometrial-and-ovarian-cancers-an-overview-of-therapeutic-strategies
#7
P R Manna, D Molehin, A U Ahmed
Aromatase is the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of estrogens, which play crucial roles on a spectrum of developmental and physiological processes. The biological actions of estrogens are classically mediated by binding to two estrogen receptors (ERs), ERα and ERβ. Encoded by the cytochrome P450, family 19, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 (CYP19A1) gene, aromatase is expressed in a wide variety of tissues, as well as benign and malignant tumors, and is regulated in a pathway- and tissue-specific manner...
2016: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853486/magnetic-resonance-imaging-features-of-idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-a-retrospective-analysis
#8
Necdet Poyraz, Ganime Dilek Emlik, Abdussamet Batur, Ebubekir Gundes, Suat Keskin
BACKGROUND: Granulomatous mastitis is a rare and benign inflammatory breast disease that may clinically and radiologically mimic breast cancer. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the features of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) on breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with mammographic and sonographic findings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 20 patients with IGM who had been diagnosed by needle core or excisional biopsy at a single institution between 2006 and 2012...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819857/68ga-psma-expression-in-pseudoangiomatous-stromal-hyperplasia-of-the-breast
#9
Dharmender Malik, Rajender K Basher, Bhagwant Rai Mittal, Tarun Kumar Jain, Amanjit Bal, Shrawan Kumar Singh
Ga-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen ligand PET-CT has emerged as a promising technique to evaluate the extent of disease in patients with prostate carcinoma. We are reporting a 63-year-old man with prostatic carcinoma subjected to Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen ligand PET-CT for initial staging. In addition to the radiotracer uptake in known primary site (prostate), focal increased radiotracer uptake was also noticed in the left breast. Subsequent biopsy of the breast lesion revealed PASH (pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia), which is a benign mesenchymal proliferative lesion that may present clinically as palpable mass requiring further evaluation to rule out malignancy...
January 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807507/sarcoidosis-imitating-breast-cancer-metastasis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Teimuraz Kochoyan, Mobil Akhmedov, Alexander Shabanov, Ilya Terekhov
Sarcoidosis is a benign systematic granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology and is associated with various malignancies. However, granulomatous and metastatic lymph node lesions are difficult to distinguish even when using precise and modern diagnostic methods, such as positron emission tomography. Thus, histological verification is the only method that can be used to accurately describe the nature of this disease. In this article, we report a case of non-luminal HER-2/neu-positive breast cancer in a patient without history of sarcoidosis and suspected to have metastatic disease...
September 2016: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797142/association-of-plasma-arginine-with-breast-cancer-molecular-subtypes-in-women-of-liaoning-province
#11
Lu Hu, Yu Gao, Yunfeng Cao, Yinxu Zhang, Minghao Xu, Yuanyuan Wang, Yu Jing, Shengnan Guo, Fangyu Jing, Xiaodan Hu, Zhitu Zhu
Arginine is one of the human nonessential amino acids critical for the growth of human cancers. The aim of this study is to investigate the variation of arginine between breast cancer (BC) patients and benign mammary gland disease (control) patients to determine its value in predicting the risk of BC. We also explore the associations between arginine levels and breast cancer subtypes. Preoperative blood samples were obtained from 267 patients (102 BC and 165 controls) in 2015. Plasma arginine values were determined for all preoperative blood samples using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to analyse differences in arginine levels between BC patients and control patients and the correlations between arginine and clinicopathologic parameters in BC...
October 31, 2016: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793048/diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-serum-macc1-in-breast-cancer-patients
#12
Weige Tan, Xinhua Xie, Laisheng Li, Hailin Tang, Xigang Ye, Lun Chen, Wei Tang, Jin Gao, Lingxiao Pan, Xiaoshen Zhang, Feng Ye, Xing Li, Lu Yang, Xiaoming Xie, Wenbo Zheng
Metastasis-associated in colon cancer-1 (MACC1) promotes colorectal cancer progression and predicts prognosis. The aim of our study was to determine the diagnostic and prognostic value of preoperative serum MACC1 levels in breast cancer patients. Serum MACC1 levels were measured in 378 breast cancer patients, 120 patients with benign breast disease, and 40 healthy volunteers using an ELISA. Serum MACC1 levels were higher in breast cancer patients than patients with benign disease or healthy volunteers. Increased serum MACC1 was associated with breast cancer TNM stage (P < 0...
October 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790449/mucocele-like-tumour-of-the-breast-associated-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-and-focal-ductal-carcinoma-what-is-the-best-approach-to-these-patients
#13
Serdar Altinay, Safak Ersöz, Yavuz Üye, Feyyaz Özdemir
Mucocele Like Tumours (MLT) of the breast are quite rare neoplasms displaying a broad spectrum. These lesions were considered benign initially. But now, they are believed to be related to atypical ductal hyperplasia, ductal carcinoma, or mucinous carcinoma. Preoperative diagnosis in fine needle aspiration and core biopsy is difficult. We are reporting a case of mucocele like tumour with ductal carcinoma in situ and ductal carcinoma in a 71-year-old Turkish woman. The patient had a palpable mass in her left breast...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780363/the-role-of-interleukin-33-as-an-inflammatory-marker-in-differential-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-and-breast-cancer
#14
Mehmet Rafet Yigitbasi, Gulcan Guntas, Tuba Atak, Cigdem Sonmez, Haydar Yalman, Hafize Uzun
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare benign inflammatory breast disease that can clinically and radiographically mimic breast carcinoma and bacterial mastitis. The aim of this study is to investigate the importance of levels of the inflammation markers, interleukin-33 (IL-33), soluble ST2 receptor of IL-33 (sST2), procalcitonin (PCT), and CRP on differential diagnosis of IGM and breast cancer (BC). METHODS: 25 patients with IGM and 32 patients with primary BC who applied to General Surgery Clinic, and 30 healthy volunteer women with similar demographic condition were enrolled in the study...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770388/risk-of-malignant-neoplasms-in-acromegaly-a-case-control-study
#15
K Wolinski, A Stangierski, K Dyrda, K Nowicka, M Pelka, A Iqbal, A Car, M Lazizi, N Bednarek, A Czarnywojtek, E Gurgul, M Ruchala
PURPOSE: Acromegaly is a chronic disease resulting from pathological oversecretion of growth hormone and subsequently insulin growth factor-1. Several complications of the disease have been reported, including cardiovascular diseases, respiratory disorders but also increased risk of benign and malignant neoplasms. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk of malignant neoplasms in the patients with acromegaly in comparison with the control group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical documentation of acromegalic patients treated in one medical center between 2005 and 2016 has been analyzed...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769805/bodybuilding-induced-mondor-s-disease-of-the-chest-wall
#16
Christian Tröbinger, Christian J Wiedermann
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association of bodybuilding abdominal exercise with the development of superficial sclerosing thrombophlebitis of the anterolateral thoracoabdominal wall. DESIGN: A single case study. SETTING: University-affiliated regional community hospital. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old man presented with an otherwise unremarkable past medical history 4 weeks after the start of left-sided chest discomfort...
September 4, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758851/multimodality-approach-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-bilateral-giant-juvenile-breast-fibroadenoma
#17
Noora Rafeek, Rajeswaran Rangasami, Kamakshi Dhanraj, Santhosh Joseph
Juvenile giant fibroadenoma is a very rare breast disease affecting young girls of premenarche and adolescent ages. It is a benign fibroepithelial tumour characterised by stromal and epithelial proliferation that causes rapidly growing breast mass. Bilateral symmetrical involvement is extremely rare. In this article, we describe this entity in a girl aged 13 years who presented with bilateral gigantically enlarged breasts. Ultrasonography and MRI showed large, multilobulated masses involving both breasts entirely...
October 6, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748278/evaluation-of-her2-neu-oncoprotein-in-serum-tissue-samples-of-women-with-breast-cancer
#18
Shailaja Shukla, Bhawana Komal Singh, Om Prakash Pathania, Manjula Jain
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The proto-oncogene HER2/neu has been extensively studied in breast cancer patients. Serum levels of HER2/neu by ELISA in breast cancer patients were compared with tissue HER2/neu expression and with other clinicopathological parameters with the aim to investigate whether the serum assay could replace the established tests (IHC/FISH) for HER-2 status. METHODS: Blood and Tru-cut biopsy samples were collected for determining HER2/neu status in 64 breast cancer patients...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747114/intracystic-primary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-breast-a-challenging-diagnosis
#19
Vera Ramos, João Fraga, Teresa Simões, Margarida Figueiredo Dias
We report a case of a 36-year-old woman that presented with a painful mass in the outer quadrants of the left breast that had grown rapidly. Physical examination revealed a well circumscribed elastic mass and breast ultrasound showed a cyst measuring 26 mm with vegetation growing on the inner wall. Microscopic evaluation, after fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), suggested benign lesion. Tumorectomy was performed and the final diagnosis was a pure squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the breast. A simple mastectomy with sentinel node biopsy was performed...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741117/radiation-induced-heart-disease-in-lung-cancer-radiotherapy-a-dosimetric-update
#20
Xin Ming, Yuanming Feng, Chengwen Yang, Wei Wang, Ping Wang, Jun Deng
BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD), which affects the patients' prognosis with both acute and late side effects, has been published extensively in the radiotherapy of breast cancer, lymphoma and other benign diseases. Studies on RIHD in lung cancer radiotherapy, however, are less extensive and clear even though the patients with lung cancer are delivered with higher doses to the heart during radiation treatment. METHODS: In this article, after extensive literature search and analysis, we reviewed the current evidence on RIHD in lung cancer patients after their radiation treatments and investigated the potential risk factors for RIHD as compared to other types of cancers...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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