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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440189/better-predictive-value-of-cancer-antigen125-ca125-as-biomarker-in-ovary-and-breast-tumors-and-its-correlation-with-the-histopathological-type-grade-of-the-disease
#1
Aarifa Nazmeen, Smarajit Maiti, Kusumita Mandal, Samir K Roy, Tamal Kanti Ghosh, Nirmalya K Sinha, Kamalika Mandal
BACKGROUND: Both ovarian/breast cancers are the most prevalent hormone-associated gynecological-cancers, where uncontrolled cellular proliferations/genetic-errors are noticed. The cancer-antigen125 (CA125), which we assessed presently is an important biomarker in the early detection/monitoring of this disease-pathogenesis. METHODS: Serum/tissue CA125 was measured by solid-phase-Enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay in women with ovarian/breast tumors of different types (epithelial/non-epithelial; benign/borderline/malignant)/stages...
April 24, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427083/cumulative-risk-of-breast-cancer-screening-outcomes-according-to-the-presence-of-previous-benign-breast-disease-and-family-history-of-breast-cancer-supporting-personalised-screening
#2
M Román, M J Quintana, J Ferrer, M Sala, X Castells
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to assess the cumulative risk of false-positive screening results, screen-detected cancer, and interval breast cancer in mammography screening among women with and without a previous benign breast disease and a family history of breast cancer. METHODS: The cohort included 42 928 women first screened at the age of 50-51 years at three areas of the Spanish Screening Programme (Girona, and two areas in Barcelona) between 1996 and 2011, and followed up until December 2012...
April 20, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422318/computational-analysis-of-breast-cancer-gwas-loci-identifies-the-putative-deleterious-effect-of-stxbp4-and-znf404-gene-variants
#3
Tariq Ahmad Masoodi, Babajan Banaganapalli, Venkatesh Vaidyanathan, Venkateswar Rao Talluri, Noor Ahmad Shaik
The genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have enabled us in identifying different breast cancer susceptibility loci. However, majority of these are non-coding variants with no annotated biological function. We investigated such 78 noncoding genome wide associated SNPs of breast cancer and further expanded the list to 2162 variants with strong linkage-disequilibrium (LD, r2 ≥0.8). Using multiple publically available algorithms such as CADD, GWAVA and FATHAMM, we classified all these variants in to deleterious, damaging or benign categories...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399518/validation-and-modification-of-the-masood-scoring-index-for-the-diagnosis-of-atypical-breast-lesions
#4
Shruti Semwal, Deepti Joshi, Akriti Khare, Garima Goel, Neelkamal Kapoor
INTRODUCTION: Cytological diagnosis of borderline breast lesions remains challenging, and interobserver variability exists in their interpretation. The Masood scoring index (MSI) has been proposed to help in the subgrouping of breast lesions using objective criteria. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the interobserver variability in the scoring of breast lesions according to MSI and to see the utility of a modified scheme for discriminating benign and atypical lesions...
April 12, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395232/laser-interstitial-thermotherapy-application-for-breast-surgery-current-situation-and-new-trends
#5
REVIEW
Yohan Kerbage, Nacim Betrouni, Pierre Collinet, Henri Azaïs, Serge Mordon, Anne-Sophie Dewalle-Vignion, Benjamin Merlot
While breast specialists debate on therapeutic de-escalation in breast cancer, the treatment of benign lesions is also discussed in relation to new percutaneous ablation techniques. The purpose of these innovations is to minimize potential morbidity. Laser Interstitial ThermoTherapy (LITT) is an option for the ablation of targeted nodules. This review evaluated the scientific publications investigating the LITT approach in malignant and benign breast disease. Three preclinical studies and eight clinical studies (2 studies including fibroadenomas and 6 studies including breast cancers) were reviewed...
April 7, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389043/interventions-to-reduce-the-risk-of-ovarian-and-fallopian-tube-cancer-a-european-menopause-and-andropause-society-postition-statement
#6
REVIEW
Faustino R Pérez-López, Iuliana Ceausu, Herman Depypere, Sean Kehoe, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Alfred Mueck, Levent M Senturk, Tommaso Simoncini, John C Stevenson, Petra Stute, Margaret Rees
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is a leading cause of female gynecological cancer-related death, and there are no effective screening procedures or early diagnostic approaches. AIMS: To examine risk factors and risk-reducing strategies for both sporadic and familial tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature review and consensus of expert opinion. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: In women with a genetic predisposition to ovarian cancer, salpingo-oophorectomy reduces the risk of ovarian malignancy, and to a lesser degree of breast cancer...
March 15, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380418/expression-of-emt-markers-and-mode-of-surgery-are-prognostic-in-phyllodes-tumors-of-the-breast
#7
Xiaolong Feng, Lin Zhao, Honghong Shen, Xiaozhen Liu, Yang Yang, Shuhua Lv, Yun Niu
Phyllodes tumors of the breast are rare neoplasms that account for <1% of all mammary tumors and 2-3% of fibro-epithelial neoplasms of the breast. We evaluated the clinicopathological characteristics of a cohort of 246 Chinese patients in relation to the expression of epithelial-to-mesenchymal (EMT) markers in benign, borderline and malignant tumors and the prognostic value of different surgical regimens. We observed that survival outcomes correlated with the mode of surgical management in the three patient groups...
March 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376199/refining-risk-assessment-in-women-with-benign-breast-disease-an-ongoing-dilemma
#8
Stuart J Schnitt, Monica Morrow, Nadine M Tung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376198/breast-cancer-risk-and-progressive-histology-in-serial-benign-biopsies
#9
Daniel W Visscher, Ryan D Frank, Jodi M Carter, Robert A Vierkant, Stacey J Winham, Ethan P Heinzen, Brendan T Broderick, Lori A Denison, Teresa M Allers, Joanne L Johnson, Marlene H Frost, Lynn C Hartmann, Amy C Degnim, Derek C Radisky
Background: More than 1 million women per year in the United States with benign breast biopsies are known to be at elevated risk for breast cancer (BC), with risk stratified on histologic categories of epithelial proliferation. Here we assessed women who had serial benign biopsies over time and how changes in the histologic classification affected BC risk. Methods: In the Mayo Clinic Benign Breast Disease Cohort of 13 466 women, 1414 women had multiple metachronous benign biopsies (10...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371110/computer-aided-heterogeneity-analysis-in-breast-mr-imaging-assessment-of-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-correlating-histologic-grade-and-receptor-status
#10
Shinn-Huey S Chou, Eva C Gombos, Sona A Chikarmane, Catherine S Giess, Jagadeesan Jayender
PURPOSE: To identify breast MR imaging biomarkers to predict histologic grade and receptor status of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Informed consent was waived in this Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant Institutional Review Board-approved study. Case inclusion was conducted from 7332 consecutive breast MR studies from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2012. Excluding studies with benign diagnoses, studies without visible abnormal enhancement, and pathology containing invasive disease yielded 55 MR-imaged pathology-proven DCIS seen on 54 studies...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370098/sonographic-findings-of-accessory-breast-tissue-in-axilla-and-related-diseases
#11
Hyo Soon Lim, Shin Jung Kim, Jang Mi Baek, Jin Woong Kim, Sang Soo Shin, Hyun Ju Seon, Suk Hee Heo
Accessory breast tissue results from failed regression of primitive mammary tissue and is most often located in the axilla. Accessory breast tissue itself is normal and should not be misdiagnosed as an abnormality. Both benign and malignant diseases that occur in the normal breast can also develop in accessory breast tissue in the axilla. In this pictorial essay, we show sonographic findings of normal accessory breast tissue in the axilla and various lesions that occur in accessory axillary breast tissue, along with other imaging findings and pathologic features...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367434/mediator-complex-subunit-med1-protein-expression-is-decreased-during-bladder-cancer-progression
#12
Niklas Klümper, Isabella Syring, Wenzel Vogel, Doris Schmidt, Stefan C Müller, Jörg Ellinger, Zaki Shaikhibrahim, Johannes Brägelmann, Sven Perner
INTRODUCTION: Bladder cancer (BCa) is among the most frequent cancer entities and relevantly contributes to cancer-associated deaths worldwide. The multi-protein Mediator complex is a central regulator of the transcriptional machinery of protein-coding genes and has been described to be altered in several malignancies. MED1, a subunit of the tail module, was described to negatively modulate expression of metastasis-related genes and to be downregulated in melanoma and lung cancer. In contrast, MED1 hyperactivity was described in breast and prostate cancer, likely due its function as a hub for nuclear hormone receptors...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357778/impact-of-panel-gene-testing-for-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-on-patients
#13
Heidi S Lumish, Hallie Steinfeld, Carrie Koval, Donna Russo, Elana Levinson, Julia Wynn, James Duong, Wendy K Chung
Recent advances in next generation sequencing have enabled panel gene testing, or simultaneous testing for mutations in multiple genes for a clinical condition. With more extensive and widespread genetic testing, there will be increased detection of genes with moderate penetrance without established clinical guidelines and of variants of uncertain significance (VUS), or genetic variants unknown to either be disease-causing or benign. This study surveyed 232 patients who underwent genetic counseling for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer to examine the impact of panel gene testing on psychological outcomes, patient understanding, and utilization of genetic information...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355769/-changes-in-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-different-diseases-during-hospitalization
#14
H Y Cui, M W Zhu, J M Wei, W Chen, X Yang, S N Zhu
Objective: To evaluate changes in nutritional status of hospitalized patients with different diseases by subjective global assessment (SGA) and nutritional risk screening (NRS-2002). Methods: A prospective and parallel research done by multi-center collaboration from 34 hospitals in China from June to September 2014. Hospitalized patients with the following diseases were investigated: malignant tumor (2 487 cases), benign disease of the digestive system (1 358 cases), benign disease of the nervous system (1 043 cases), benign bone disease (451 cases), benign disease of the respiratory system(395 cases), cardiovascular disease (227 cases), benign thyroid and breast disease (179 cases), and endocrine disease (149 cases)...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338482/axillary-ultrasound-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-is-there-a-role-in-the-post-z-0011-era
#15
Sarah E Pesek, Heather M King, Susan Koelliker, Christina Raker, David Edmonson, Don S Dizon, Jennifer Gass
OBJECTIVES: Axillary ultrasound with fine needle aspiration (AXUSFNA) in early-stage breast cancer has required reappraisal. ACOSOG Z-0011 and after mapping of the axilla: radiotherapy or surgery have shown that women with limited nodal disease at sentinel lymph node biopsy got no survival advantage with completion axillary node dissection. We hypothesize that AXUSFNA may be sufficiently accurate for staging for some patients and sentinel lymph node biopsy need not be performed. We define the false negative rate (FNR) of AXUSFNA in different subsets of patients...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332304/sclerosing-polycystic-adenosis-a-rare-tumor-misdiagnosed-as-retention-cyst-on-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology
#16
Shilpi, Fuzail Ahmad Ansari, Shalini Bahadur, Akshi Katyal, Aastha Narula, Namrata Nargotra, Sompal Singh
Sclerosing polycystic adenosis (SPA) is a rare benign neoplasm of the salivary gland which resembles the fibrocystic disease of the breast clinically as well as morphologically. This entity has varied morphological presentation on fine needle aspiration. Only a few case reports and occasional case series are found in the literature describing its cytology. Here we are presenting a case of SPA in the parotid gland in a 13-year-old male patient who presented with a slow growing infra-auricular mass since one year without any other symptoms...
March 22, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328843/clinical-significance-of-interval-changes-in-breast-lesions-initially-categorized-as-probably-benign-on-breast-ultrasound
#17
Ja Yoon Jang, Sun Mi Kim, Jin Hwan Kim, Mijung Jang, Bo La Yun, Jong Yoon Lee, Soo Hyun Lee, Bohyoung Kim
The aims of this study were to determine the malignancy rate of probably benign lesions that show an interval change on follow-up ultrasound and to evaluate the differences seen on imaging between benign and malignant lesions initially categorized as probably benign but with interval change on follow-up breast ultrasound.We retrospectively reviewed 11,323 lesions from ultrasound-guided core-biopsies performed between June 2004 and December 2014 and identified 289 lesions (266 patients) with an interval change from probably benign (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System [BI-RADS] category 3) in the previous 2 years...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327449/integrated-local-binary-pattern-texture-features-for-classification-of-breast-tissue-imaged-by-optical-coherence-microscopy
#18
Sunhua Wan, Hsiang-Chieh Lee, Xiaolei Huang, Ting Xu, Tao Xu, Xianxu Zeng, Zhan Zhang, Yuri Sheikine, James L Connolly, James G Fujimoto, Chao Zhou
This paper proposes a texture analysis technique that can effectively classify different types of human breast tissue imaged by Optical Coherence Microscopy (OCM). OCM is an emerging imaging modality for rapid tissue screening and has the potential to provide high resolution microscopic images that approach those of histology. OCM images, acquired without tissue staining, however, pose unique challenges to image analysis and pattern classification. We examined multiple types of texture features and found Local Binary Pattern (LBP) features to perform better in classifying tissues imaged by OCM...
March 8, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322032/fine-needle-aspiration-of-metastatic-melanoma-presenting-as-bilateral-breast-cysts
#19
Casey M Inouye, Ashley Cimino-Mathews, David Eisner, Dorothy L Rosenthal, Christopher J VandenBussche
Melanoma is the second most common non-hematopoietic malignancy after carcinomas to metastasize to the breast and often appears as a well-circumscribed, dense nodule on imaging. Although metastatic lesions presenting as bilateral cysts have been reported, this presentation is not common and may mimic benign breast cysts. We present a challenging case of metastatic melanoma presenting as bilateral breast cysts with spindled cytomorphology in a patient with a history of mammary carcinoma. Discordance between the spindled cytomorphology and the morphology of the core biopsy, which was similar to the patient's primary breast cancer, allowed for entertainment of other tumors and disease processes...
March 20, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301207/second-opinion-review-of-breast-imaging-at-a-cancer-center-is-it-worthwhile
#20
Kristen Coffey, Donna D'Alessio, Delia M Keating, Elizabeth A Morris
OBJECTIVE: Second-opinion review of breast imaging studies can be a time-consuming and labor-intensive process. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether reinterpretation of studies obtained at institutions outside a cancer center influences clinical management, specifically by revealing additional cancer and preventing unnecessary biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review was conducted of breast imaging studies of 200 patients who underwent ultrasound and MRI at community facilities and had the images submitted for second opinions at a cancer center between January and April 2014...
March 16, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
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