keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition , critical care, emergency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577222/-establishment-of-comprehensive-prediction-model-of-acute-gastrointestinal-injury-classification-of-critically-ill-patients
#1
Yan Wang, Jianrong Wang, Weiwei Liu, Guangliang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To develop the comprehensive prediction model of acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) grades of critically ill patients. METHODS: From April 2015 to November 2015, the binary channel gastrointestinal sounds (GIS) monitor system which has been developed and verified by the research group was used to gather and analyze the GIS of 60 consecutive critically ill patients who were admitted in Critical Care Medicine of Chinese PLA General Hospital. Also, the AGI grades (Grande I(-IIII(, the higher the level, the heavier the gastrointestinal dysfunction) were evaluated...
March 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507261/supporting-diverse-challenges-of-ageing-with-digital-enhanced-living-solutions
#2
John Grundy, Kon Mouzakis, Rajesh Vasa, Andrew Cain, Maheswaree Curumsing, Mohamed Abdelrazek, Niroshine Fernando
By the 2050, it is estimated that the proportion of people over the age of 80 will have risen from 3.9% to 9.1% of population of Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. A large proportion of these people will need significant help to manage various chronic illnesses, including dementia, heart disease, diabetes, limited physical movement and many others. Current approaches typically focus on acute episodes of illness and are not well designed to provide adequately for daily living care support...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478017/what-resources-are-used-in-emergency-departments-in-rural-sub-saharan-africa-a-retrospective-analysis-of-patient-care-in-a-district-level-hospital-in-uganda
#3
Cindy Carol Bitter, Brian Rice, Usha Periyanayagam, Bradley Dreifuss, Heather Hammerstedt, Sara W Nelson, Mark Bisanzo, Samuel Maling, Stacey Chamberlain
OBJECTIVES: To determine the most commonly used resources (provider procedural skills, medications, laboratory studies and imaging) needed to care for patients. SETTING: A single emergency department (ED) of a district-level hospital in rural Uganda. PARTICIPANTS: 26 710 patient visits. RESULTS: Procedures were performed for 65.6% of patients, predominantly intravenous cannulation, wound care, bladder catheterisation and orthopaedic procedures...
February 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394142/hypermetabolism-and-nutritional-support-in-sepsis
#4
John C Alverdy
BACKGROUND: Surgical metabolism has been a founding field of investigation in surgery without which the boundaries of critical care, trauma, and surgical oncology could not have advanced. Traditionally, understanding the shifts in electrolytes, carbohydrates, fats, and amino acids that could explain the rapidly evolving proteolysis after catabolic stress and tumor growth has been a major focus of research that led to our current approach to maintaining homeostasis over the course of major surgical intervention and injury...
February 2, 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323761/chronic-critical-illness-application-of-what-we-know
#5
REVIEW
Martin D Rosenthal, Amir Y Kamel, Cameron M Rosenthal, Scott Brakenridge, Chasen A Croft, Frederick A Moore
Over the last decade, chronic critical illness (CCI) has emerged as an epidemic in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors worldwide. Advances in ICU technology and implementation of evidence-based care bundles have significantly decreased early deaths and have allowed patients to survive previously lethal multiple organ failure (MOF). Many MOF survivors, however, experience a persistent dysregulated immune response that is causing an increasingly predominant clinical phenotype called the persistent inflammation, immunosuppression, and catabolism syndrome (PICS)...
February 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130288/optimising-early-neonatal-nutrition-using-translational-research-methodology
#6
Denise Page, Melissa Gilroy, Elizabeth Hurrion, Lisa Clark, Shelley Wilkinson
AIM: Preterm birth has been described as a 'nutritional emergency', with these infants often born with minimal nutrition reserves. Failure to provide adequate early nutrition jeopardises growth and neurodevelopment. Consensual nutrition guidelines exist for infants who weigh <1500 g; however, audits have identified shortfalls in their adherence, consequently highlighting an evidence-practice gap. This work aimed to identify the barriers to the delivery of early optimal nutrition in a tertiary-level Neonatal Critical Care Unit to inform an implementation project to ensure best practice care...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095016/hospital-malnutrition-screening-at-admission-malnutrition-increases-mortality-and-length-of-stay
#7
Elisabet Leiva Badosa, Maria Badia Tahull, Núria Virgili Casas, Gema Elguezabal Sangrador, Concepción Faz Méndez, Ignacio Herrero Meseguer, Àngels Izquierdo González, Rafael López Urdiales, Francisco Javier Oca Burguete, María Tubau Molas, Concepció Vilarasau Farré, Josep Manel Llop Talaveron
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common in patients admitted to hospital and is associated with morbidity and mortality. We conducted a study to assess the prevalence of nutritional risk, risk factors associated and its consequences in a third-level hospital. METHODS: This is a prospective nutritional screening study of hospitalized patients evaluated within the first 72 hours of admission, by Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ) screening tests...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973065/effect-of-systematic-intensive-care-unit-triage-on-long-term-mortality-among-critically-ill-elderly-patients-in-france-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bertrand Guidet, Guillaume Leblanc, Tabassome Simon, Maguy Woimant, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Olivier Ganansia, Maxime Maignan, Youri Yordanov, Samuel Delerme, Benoit Doumenc, Muriel Fartoukh, Pierre Charestan, Pauline Trognon, Bertrand Galichon, Nicolas Javaud, Anabela Patzak, Maïté Garrouste-Orgeas, Caroline Thomas, Sylvie Azerad, Dominique Pateron, Ariane Boumendil
Importance: The high mortality rate in critically ill elderly patients has led to questioning of the beneficial effect of intensive care unit (ICU) admission and to a variable ICU use among this population. Objective: To determine whether a recommendation for systematic ICU admission in critically ill elderly patients reduces 6-month mortality compared with usual practice. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, cluster-randomized clinical trial of 3037 critically ill patients aged 75 years or older, free of cancer, with preserved functional status (Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living ≥4) and nutritional status (absence of cachexia) who arrived at the emergency department of one of 24 hospitals in France between January 2012 and April 2015 and were followed up until November 2015...
October 17, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955418/a-qualitative-study-of-health-education-experiences-and-self-management-practices-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-at-malamulo-adventist-hospital-in-thyolo-district-malawi
#9
Temidayo Ogunrinu, Thelma Gamboa-Maldonado, R Ndinda Ngewa, Jasmine Saunders, Jamie Crounse, James Misiri
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to understand the perceptions and experiences of health education and self-management practices on Malamulo Adventist Hospital type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: In this qualitative study, key informant interviews (KIIs; n=4) and focus group discussions (3 FGDs; n=16) were conducted amongst type 2 diabetes patients who had been treated at Malamulo Adventist Hospital in southern Malawi at least once. Key informant interviews and focus group discussions were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and translated for analysis...
June 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917226/energy-intake-in-the-first-week-in-an-emergency-intensive-care-unit-may-not-influence-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-overweight-japanese-patients
#10
Satomi Ichimaru, Maren Sono, Ryutaro Seo, Koichi Ariyoshi, Teruyoshi Amagai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition recommends hypocaloric feeding for critically ill patients with a BMI of >=30.0 kg/m2. However, the cut-off value of obesity in Japan is BMI >25.0 kg/m2, due to the higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular risk factors, even at a lower BMI than in Western populations. Thus, the optimal energy intake for critically ill, overweight Asian patients is unknown. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted in patients with BMI of >=25...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836298/a-qualitative-examination-of-patients-experiences-of-dietitians-consultation-engagement-styles-within-nephrology
#11
A Morris, T Herrmann, C Liles, C Roskell
BACKGROUND: Dietitians provide individuals with tailored, practical nutritional advice. For this reason, skills in effective interpersonal communication are essential. In the case of chronic kidney disease, the specifics of dietary advice may change according to renal function. The conveyance of accurate dietary advice and compliance is critical and requires full engagement with the service. The effect of communication styles on patients ' engagement experiences with renal dietetics is unknown...
February 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820608/skeletal-muscle-ultrasound-in-critical-care-a-tool-in-need-of-translation
#12
Marina Mourtzakis, Selina Parry, Bronwen Connolly, Zudin Puthucheary
With the emerging interest in documenting and understanding muscle atrophy and function in critically ill patients and survivors, ultrasonography has transformational potential for measurement of muscle quantity and quality. We discuss the importance of quantifying skeletal muscle in the intensive care unit setting. We also identify the merits and limitations of various modalities that are capable of accurately and precisely measuring muscularity. Ultrasound is emerging as a potentially powerful tool for skeletal muscle quantification; however, there are key challenges that need to be addressed in future work to ensure useful interpretation and comparability of results across diverse observational and interventional studies...
October 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801473/type-2-diabetes-in-the-real-world-the-elusive-nature-of-glycemic-control
#13
Steven V Edelman, William H Polonsky
Despite U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of over 40 new treatment options for type 2 diabetes since 2005, the latest data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey show that the proportion of patients achieving glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <7.0% (<53 mmol/mol) remains around 50%, with a negligible decline between the periods 2003-2006 and 2011-2014. The Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set reports even more alarming rates, with only about 40% and 30% of patients achieving HbA1c <7...
August 11, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754043/care-staff-perspective-on-use-of-texture-modified-food-in-care-home-residents-with-dysphagia-and-dementia
#14
Lise Birgitte Austbø Holteng, Christina Tølbøl Frøiland, Anne Corbett, Ingelin Testad
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia and dementia are conditions, which combined, can lead to complications for the person and require good nutritional care. There is very little evidence-based literature regarding nutritional care for people with dysphagia and dementia. It is clear that care staff plays a vital role, and that communication and informed decision-making are critical to the process, yet little is known regarding the use of available interventions such as texture modified food (TMF), and their acceptability and feasibility for care staff and residents...
October 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691958/guidelines-for-the-provision-and-assessment-of-nutrition-support-therapy-in-the-pediatric-critically-ill-patient-society-of-critical-care-medicine-and-american-society-for-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition
#15
Nilesh M Mehta, Heather E Skillman, Sharon Y Irving, Jorge A Coss-Bu, Sarah Vermilyea, Elizabeth Anne Farrington, Liam McKeever, Amber M Hall, Praveen S Goday, Carol Braunschweig
This document represents the first collaboration between two organizations, American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and the Society of Critical Care Medicine, to describe best practices in nutrition therapy in critically ill children. The target of these guidelines is intended to be the pediatric (> 1 mo and < 18 yr) critically ill patient expected to require a length of stay greater than 2 or 3 days in a PICU admitting medical, surgical, and cardiac patients. In total, 2,032 citations were scanned for relevance...
July 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686844/guidelines-for-the-provision-and-assessment-of-nutrition-support-therapy-in-the-pediatric-critically-ill-patient-society-of-critical-care-medicine-and-american-society-for-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition
#16
Nilesh M Mehta, Heather E Skillman, Sharon Y Irving, Jorge A Coss-Bu, Sarah Vermilyea, Elizabeth Anne Farrington, Liam McKeever, Amber M Hall, Praveen S Goday, Carol Braunschweig
This document represents the first collaboration between 2 organizations-the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and the Society of Critical Care Medicine-to describe best practices in nutrition therapy in critically ill children. The target of these guidelines is intended to be the pediatric critically ill patient (>1 month and <18 years) expected to require a length of stay >2-3 days in a PICU admitting medical, surgical, and cardiac patients. In total, 2032 citations were scanned for relevance...
July 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574294/guidelines-for-the-provision-and-assessment-of-nutrition-support-therapy-in-the-pediatric-critically-ill-patient-society-of-critical-care-medicine-and-american-society-for-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition
#17
Nilesh M Mehta, Heather E Skillman, Sharon Y Irving, Jorge A Coss-Bu, Sarah Vermilyea, Elizabeth Anne Farrington, Liam McKeever, Amber M Hall, Praveen S Goday, Carol Braunschweig
This document represents the first collaboration between 2 organizations-the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and the Society of Critical Care Medicine-to describe best practices in nutrition therapy in critically ill children. The target of these guidelines is intended to be the pediatric critically ill patient (>1 month and <18 years) expected to require a length of stay >2-3 days in a PICU admitting medical, surgical, and cardiac patients. In total, 2032 citations were scanned for relevance...
May 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532628/milestones-barriers-and-beacons-shared-decision-making-in-canada-inches-ahead
#18
France Légaré, Dawn Stacey, Pierre-Gerlier Forest, Marie-France Coutu, Patrick Archambault, Laura Boland, Holly O Witteman, Annie LeBlanc, Krystina B Lewis, Anik M C Giguere
Canada's approach to shared decision making (SDM) remains as disparate as its healthcare system; a conglomerate of 14 public plans - ten provincial, three territorial and one federal. The healthcare research funding environment has been largely positive for SDM because there was funding for knowledge translation research which also encompassed SDM. The funding climate currently places new emphasis on patient involvement in research and on patient empowerment in healthcare. SDM fields have expanded from primary care to elder care, paediatrics, emergency and critical care medicine, cardiology, nutrition, occupational therapy and workplace rehabilitation...
May 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507539/new-insight-into-inter-kingdom-communication-horizontal-transfer-of-mobile-small-rnas
#19
REVIEW
Geyu Zhou, Yu Zhou, Xi Chen
Small RNAs (sRNAs), including small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), are conventionally regarded as critical molecular regulators of various intracellular processes. However, recent accumulating evidence indicates that sRNAs can be transferred within cells and tissues and even across species. In plants, nematodes and microbes, these mobile sRNAs can mediate inter-kingdom communication, environmental sensing, gene expression regulation, host-parasite defense and many other biological functions...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487264/optimizing-protein-intake-and-nitrogen-balance-opinib-in-adult-critically-ill-patients-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Matteo Danielis, Giulia Lorenzoni, Laura Cavaliere, Mariangela Ruffolo, Luca Peressoni, Amato De Monte, Rodolfo Muzzi, Fabio Beltrame, Dario Gregori
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition of critically ill patients plays a key role in the modulation of metabolic response to stress. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents the development of a protocol for a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed at comparing clinical outcomes of patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) administered with standard and protein-fortified diet. Together with the RCT study protocol, the results of the observational analysis conducted to assess the feasibility of the RCT are presented...
May 9, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
keyword
keyword
74671
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"