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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769108/correlation-between-the-sagittal-spinopelvic-alignment-and-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-retrospective-study
#1
Qi Lai, Tian Gao, Xin Lv, Xuqiang Liu, Zongmiao Wan, Min Dai, Bin Zhang, Tao Nie
BACKGROUND: Pain and disability associated with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) results in significant burden on both the patients' quality of life and healthcare costs. Currently, there is controversy regarding the specificity of spinopelvic measures of sagittal plane alignment with respect to DLS. Moreover, the correlation among spinopelvic parameters of sagittal plane alignment remains to be clarified. Our aim in this study was to compare these measurements between patients with single-segment DLS at L5 and a control group with no history of DLS...
May 16, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765191/alleviation-of-posttraumatic-dizziness-by-restoration-of-the-cervical-lordosis-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-study-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#2
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the successful treatment of posttraumatic dizziness and neck pains that were initiated in a patient following a whiplash event. [Subject and Methods] A 46 year old male suffered a whiplash event that initiated neck pain and dizziness symptoms. The patient had many positive orthopedic findings and demonstrated a forward head posture and cervical hypolordosis. The patient was treated by Chiropractic BioPhysics® technique including cervical extension traction, extension exercises and spinal manipulative therapy initially three times a week for 16-weeks, and once a month thereafter...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757061/exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction-in-athletes-contributory-factors-and-treatment-implications
#3
Liv-Jorunn Kolnes, Trine Stensrud
Otherwise healthy adolescent athletes presenting with respiratory symptoms consistent with exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) are frequently encountered in clinical practice. The symptoms are often incorrectly considered to result from exercise-induced asthma, and may be wrongly treated as such. Given the potential implications for health and performance if EILO is left untreated, a more comprehensive understanding of contributory mechanisms is essential in order to create appropriate treatment procedures...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736230/towards-optimal-platform-based-robot-design-for-ankle-rehabilitation-the-state-of-the-art-and-future-prospects
#4
REVIEW
Qing Miao, Mingming Zhang, Congzhe Wang, Hongsheng Li
This review aims to compare existing robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques in terms of robot design. Included studies mainly consist of selected papers in two published reviews involving a variety of robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation techniques. A free search was also made in Google Scholar and Scopus by using keywords "ankle∗ ," and "robot∗ ," and ("rehabilitat∗ " or "treat∗ "). The search is limited to English-language articles published between January 1980 and September 2016...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726791/postoperative-changes-in-sagittal-spinopelvic-alignment-in-sitting-position-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-thoracic-scoliosis-treated-with-posterior-fusion-an-initial-analysis
#5
Weiguo Zhu, Zhen Liu, Shifu Sha, Jing Guo, Hongda Bao, Leilei Xu, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have reported spinal straightening and pelvic retroversion when changing from erect to sitting posture in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), which were thought to be related to low-back pain after sitting for long periods. However, the sitting sagittal alignment after posterior spinal fusion has not been evaluated. This study aims to assess the influence of posterior fusion surgery upon sitting sagittal spinopelvic alignment in adolescents with idiopathic thoracic curves (thoracic AIS [T-AIS])...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724412/a-novel-helmet-mounted-device-for-reducing-the-potential-of-catastrophic-cervical-spine-fractures-and-spinal-cord-injuries-in-head-first-impacts
#6
REVIEW
Daniel M Dressler, Christopher R Dennison, Tom Whyte, Peter A Cripton
BACKGROUND: Head-first impacts with an aligned cervical spine cause some of the most severe types of injuries due to the risk of fractures and associated spinal cord injury. Sports, such as football, mountain biking and horseback riding, contribute to the incidence of spinal cord injury but there is potential to reduce the risk of these injuries through a helmet-mounted device. METHODS: A novel device, the Pro-Neck-Tor mechanism, was incorporated into a commercial football helmet and tested in head-first impact experiments...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685563/changes-in-rearfoot-alignment-in-chronic-plantar-heel-pain
#7
Kadir Ilker Yildiz, Abdulhamit Misir, Turan Bilge Kizkapan, Mustafa Cukurlu
Plantar heel pain is a common disabling condition in adults. Biomechanical factors are important in the development of plantar heel pain. Quantitative changes in rearfoot alignment in patients with plantar heel pain have not been previously investigated. From April 2016 to March 2017, 100 patients with plantar heel pain and 100 healthy individuals were recruited. The foot posture index was used for the measurement of foot alignment. The generalized joint hypermobility condition was assessed using the Beighton scale...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615290/gait-training-using-a-hybrid-assistive-limb-hal-attenuates-head-drop-a-case-report
#8
Kousei Miura, Masao Koda, Hideki Kadone, Shigeki Kubota, Yukiyo Shimizu, Hiroshi Kumagai, Katsuya Nagashima, Kentaro Mataki, Kengo Fujii, Hiroshi Noguchi, Toru Funayama, Tetsuya Abe, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Masashi Yamazaki
Dropped head syndrome (DHS) is characterized by a chin-on-chest deformity, which can severely interfere with forward vision and impair activities of daily living. A standardized treatment strategy for DHS has not been established. To our knowledge, this is the first case report describing the efficacy of gait training using a hybrid assistive limb (HAL) for DHS. A 75-year-old man showed apparent head drop in a standing position, resulting in passively reducible chin-on-chest deformity. A radiograph image showed apparent cervical kyphosis...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601222/effects-of-dance-based-movement-therapy-on-balance-gait-and-psychological-functions-in-severe-cerebellar-ataxia-a-case-study
#9
Yong-Gwan Song, Young-Uk Ryu, Seung-Jin Im, Ye-Seung Lee, Jin-Hoon Park
PURPOSE: Individuals in the later stages of cerebellar ataxia usually experience serious balance and immobility problems. Currently, there is a lack of adequate rehabilitative programs for individuals with severe cerebellar ataxia that can help improve ataxia-related motor impairment. The purpose of the present study was to explore the potential physiotherapeutic benefits of partnered dance on balance, motor functions, and psychological well-being in an individual demonstrating severe cerebellar ataxia symptoms...
March 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581661/effects-of-thoracic-posture-correction-exercises-on-scapular-position
#10
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of thoracic extension exercise on scapular alignment and thoracic kyphosis angle. [Subjects and Methods] Ten subjects with a kyphosis angle ≥40° and aged between 20 and 26 years participated in this study. This study investigated the scapular forward distance and thoracic kyphosis angle before and after the thoracic extension exercise. [Results] The kyphosis angle after exercise was significantly decreased compared with that before exercise...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581658/effect-of-interferential-current-therapy-on-forward-head-posture
#11
Ye-Jin Choi, Hee-Jung Kim, Sun-Young Han, Bo-Ram Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interferential current therapy on the shoulder muscles of subjects with forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty volunteers (15 forward head posture, 15 control) participated in this study. Interferential current therapy treatment was conducted for 10 min, three times per week, for 3 weeks on both the upper trapezius and levator scapulae. Subjects were measured anterior both acromion distance and posterior both acromial distance using a ruler, and the forward head posture angle using an electronic application...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566720/recalibrating-disparities-in-perceived-and-actual-balance-abilities-in-older-adults-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-novel-exergaming-intervention
#12
Toby J Ellmers, Ioannis Th Paraskevopoulos, A Mark Williams, William R Young
BACKGROUND: Published reports suggest a disparity between perceived and actual balance abilities, a trait associated with increased fall-risk in older adults. We investigate whether it is possible to 'recalibrate' these disparities using a novel gaming intervention. METHODS: We recruited 26 older adults for a 4-week intervention in which they participated in 8-sessions using a novel gaming intervention designed to provide explicit, augmented feedback related to postural control...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562562/does-pisa-syndrome-affect-upper-limb-function-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#13
Mohammad Alwardat, Giulia Di Lazzaro, Tommaso Schirinzi, Paola Sinibaldi Salime, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Antonio Pisani
BACKGROUND: Trunk alignment is thought to contribute to upper limb (UL) function. However, this common assumption is not clear in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) suffering from Pisa syndrome (PS). PS is a postural abnormality, characterized by revisable lateral trunk flexion more than 10 degrees. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the UL functioning and activities of daily living in PD patients with PS. METHODS: Forty-five participants distributed equally in three groups PD patients with PS, PD patients without PS and age/sex matched healthy controls (HC)...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545692/anterior-head-translation-following-cervical-fusion-a-probable-cause-of-post-surgical-pain-and-impairment-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-report
#14
Deed E Harrison, Paul A Oakley, Joseph W Betz
[Purpose] To present the case of the dramatic reduction in pain, disability, and neurologic symptoms following the reduction of forward head translation and increased cervical curvature in a patient suffering from post-surgical radiculopathy. [Subject and Methods] A 52-year-old male mechanic presented with chronic neck pain, unilateral paresthesia along the C5 and C6 dermatome distributions and diminished unilateral grip strength for 12 years following a C5-C6 cervical discectomy and fusion. Outcome measures included the neck disability index, the numerical pain rating scale, and the Zebris cervical range of motion system...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526072/additional-surgical-method-aimed-to-increase-distractive-force-during-occipitocervical-stabilization-technical-note
#15
Veysel Antar, Okan Turk
OBJECTIVE: Craniovertebral junctional anomalies constitute a technical challenge. Surgical opening of atlantoaxial joint region is a complex procedure especially in patients with nuchal deformity like basilar invagination. This region has actually very complicated anatomical and functional characteristics, including multiple joints providing extension, flexion, and wide rotation. In fact, it is also a bottleneck region where bones, neural structures, and blood vessels are located. Stabilization surgery regarding this region should consider the fact that the area exposes excessive and life-long stress due to complex movements and human posture...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526059/restoration-of-sagittal-balance-in-spinal-deformity-surgery
#16
REVIEW
Melvin C Makhni, Jamal N Shillingford, Joseph L Laratta, Seung-Jae Hyun, Yongjung J Kim
The prevalence of patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) has been reported as high as 68%. ASD often leads to significant pain and disability. Recent emphasis has been placed on sagittal plane balance and restoring normal sagittal alignment with regards to the three dimensional deformity of ASD. Optimal sagittal alignment has been known to increase spinal biomechanical efficiency, reduce energy expenditure by maintaining a stable posture with improved load absorption, influence better bony union, and help to decelerate adjacent segment deterioration...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516039/non-structural-misalignments-of-body-posture-in-the-sagittal-plane
#17
REVIEW
Dariusz Czaprowski, Łukasz Stoliński, Marcin Tyrakowski, Mateusz Kozinoga, Tomasz Kotwicki
Background: The physiological sagittal spinal curvature represents a typical feature of good body posture in the sagittal plane. The cervical and the lumbar spine are curved anteriorly (lordosis), while the thoracic segment is curved posteriorly (kyphosis). The pelvis is inclined anteriorly, and the lower limbs' joints remain in a neutral position. However, there are many deviations from the optimal body alignment.The aim of this paper is to present the most common types of non-structural misalignments of the body posture in the sagittal plane...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498253/individualized-dry-land-intervention-program-for-an-%C3%A3-lite-paralympic-swimmer-a-case-report
#18
Luca Cavaggioni, Athos Trecroci, Massimiliano Tosin, F Marcello Iaia, Giampietro Alberti
The aim of this retrospective case study is the longitudinal description of the physical and functional parameters of a top-level Paralympic swimmer class S9-SB8-SM9 during four swimming seasons of training, from the Paralympic games in London 2012 to the Paralympic games in Rio 2016. A 22-year-old male swimmer underwent a specific preventive dry-land training based on diaphragmatic breathing, postural alignment, and slow-velocity resistance training aimed to improve his muscle strength. He was tested by using the Functional Movement ScreenTM, photographic postural assessment and vertical jump...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480093/effects-of-asymmetric-loading-on-lateral-spinal-curvature-in-young-adults-with-scoliosis-a-preliminary-study
#19
Simon Sw Li, Daniel Hk Chow
BACKGROUND: Usual guidelines recommend symmetric load carriage over asymmetric load carriage. Whether this recommendation is valid for subjects with asymmetric body alignment, such as those with scoliosis, remains unclear. Scoliosis is both a subject-dependent and time-variant condition. Interventions are generally employed to prevent the abnormal spinal curvature from progressing. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of an asymmetric load carriage on lateral spinal deformity in participant with scoliosis...
February 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428293/impact-of-spine-alignment-on-the-rotator-cuff-in-long-term-wheelchair-users
#20
Yasser Kentar, Manuela Brunner, Thomas Bruckner, Andreas Hug, Patric Raiss, Felix Zeifang, Markus Loew, Haidara Almansour, Michael Akbar
BACKGROUND: We investigated the impact of poor seated posture on the prevalence of rotator cuff tears (RCTs) among wheelchair-dependent individuals with long-standing paraplegia. METHODS: The study included 319 patients. Lateral radiographs of the spine were collected from a database and analyzed to assess the global spinopelvic alignment (SPA). Magnetic resonance images of both shoulders were obtained to detect the presence of cuff tears. Patients were divided into 2 groups: Group RCT-I included all patients with cuff tears (right, left, or bilateral), whereas group RCT-II consisted exclusively of patients with bilateral cuff tears...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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