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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592232/association-of-frontal-plane-knee-alignment-with-foot-posture-in-patients-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis
#1
Hiroshi Ohi, Hirotaka Iijima, Tomoki Aoyama, Eishi Kaneda, Kazuko Ohi, Kaoru Abe
BACKGROUND: To examine the association of radiographic frontal plane knee alignment with three-dimensional foot posture in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Participants in orthopedic clinics with Kellgren/Lawrence (K/L) grade ≥1 (88 patients and 88 knees; age, 61-91 years; 65.9% female) were enrolled. An anteroposterior radiographic view was used to assess the anatomical axis angle (AAA) after subtracting a sex-specific correction factor...
June 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584840/reported-influences-of-backpack-loads-on-postural-deviation-among-school-children-a-systematic-review
#2
Balamurugan Janakiraman, Hariharasudhan Ravichandran, Senait Demeke, Solomon Fasika
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, a large number of students experience spinal pain quite early in life due to heavy school bag loads. Moreover, external forces in the form of school bags may influence the normal growth, development of children and adolescents, and also maintenance of alignment of their bodies, which can pose a huge threat to postural integrity under external load. Awareness about the appropriate load and placement of backpack is thought to be important in reducing musculoskeletal complications among children's...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583801/toward-defining-vocal-constriction-practitioner-perspectives
#3
Belinda Lemon-McMahon, Diane Hughes
OBJECTIVES: This research investigated the terminology used in relation to constriction of the singing voice from a range of practitioner perspectives. It focused on the locality, causes, consequences, management, trends, identification, and vocabulary of constriction. The research aimed to develop a holistic understanding of the term "vocal constriction" from participant experiences and perceptions (N = 10). METHOD: Data collection occurred through in-depth, semi-structured interviews with a range of voice care professionals...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579126/forefoot-adduction-is-a-risk-factor-for-jones-fracture
#4
Adam E Fleischer, Rebecca Stack, Erin E Klein, Jeffrey R Baker, Lowell Weil, Lowell Scott Weil
Jones fractures are among the most common fractures of the foot; however, much remains unknown about their etiology. The purpose of the present study was to further examine the risk factors of forefoot and hindfoot alignment on Jones fractures using an epidemiologic study design. We used a retrospective, matched, case-control study design. Cases consisted of patients with acute, isolated Jones fractures confirmed on plain film radiographs seen at our institute from January 2009 to December 2013. Patients presenting with pain unrelated to metatarsal fractures served as controls...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578458/coronal-plane-trunk-asymmetry-is-associated-with-whole-body-sagittal-alignment-in-healthy-young-adolescents-before-pubertal-peak-growth
#5
Mieke Dolphens, Andry Vleeming, René Castelein, Guy Vanderstraeten, Tom Schlösser, Frank Plasschaert, Lieven Danneels
PURPOSE: To investigate coronal plane trunk asymmetry (TA) and its association with sagittal postural alignment in healthy subjects before pubertal peak growth. METHODS: In this cross-sectional baseline study, 1190 healthy pre-peak growth velocity subjects were included. Coronal plane TA was evaluated using back surface topography. Whole-body sagittal alignment (previously validated and objectively classified as neutral, sway-back or leaning-forward) and sagittal spinopelvic profile (trunk lean, lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, sacral inclination and length of the posteriorly inclined thoracolumbar segment) were determined, as were height, proportion of trunk to body length, body mass index, generalized joint laxity, and handedness...
June 3, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564742/prophylactic-bracing-has-no-effect-on-lower-extremity-alignment-or-functional-performance
#6
Garrett A Hueber, Emily A Hall, Brad W Sage, Carrie L Docherty
Prophylactic ankle bracing is commonly used during physical activity. Understanding how bracing affects body mechanics is critically important when discussing both injury prevention and sport performance. The purpose is to determine if ankle bracing affects lower extremity mechanics during the Landing Error Scoring System test (LESS) and Sage Sway Index (SSI). Thirty physically active participants volunteered for this study. Participants completed the LESS and SSI in both a braced and unsupported conditions...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549902/does-corrective-spine-surgery-improve-the-standing-balance-in-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#7
Mitsuru Yagi, Hideaki Ohne, Shinjiro Kaneko, Masafumi Machida, Yoshiyuki Yato, Takashi Asazuma
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The effect of corrective spine surgery on standing stability in adult spinal deformity (ASD) has not been fully documented. PURPOSE: To compare pre- and postoperative standing balance and posture in patients with ASD. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective case series. PATIENT SAMPLE: Standing balance before and after corrective spine surgery was compared in 35 consecutive female patients with ASD (65...
May 23, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536547/the-stance-leads-the-dance-the-emergence-of-role-in-a-joint-supra-postural-task
#8
Tehran J Davis, Gabriela B Pinto, Adam W Kiefer
Successfully meeting a shared goal usually requires co-actors to adopt complementary roles. However, in many cases, who adopts what role is not explicitly predetermined, but instead emerges as a consequence of the differences in the individual abilities and constraints imposed upon each actor. Perhaps the most basic of roles are leader and follower. Here, we investigated the emergence of "leader-follower" dynamics in inter-personal coordination using a joint supra-postural task paradigm (Ramenzoni et al., 2011; Athreya et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527756/radiological-lumbar-stenosis-severity-predicts-worsening-sagittal-malalignment-on-full-body-standing-stereoradiographs
#9
Aaron J Buckland, Subaraman Ramchandran, Louis Day, Shay Bess, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Peter G Passias, Bassel G Diebo, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Akhila Sure, Thomas J Errico
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Patients with degenerative lumbar stenosis (DLS) adopt a forward flexed posture in an attempt to decompress neural elements. The relationship between sagittal alignment and severity of lumbar stenosis has not previously been studied. PURPOSE: We hypothesized that patients with increasing radiological severity of lumbar stenosis will exhibit worsening sagittal alignment. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Our sample consists of patients who have DLS...
May 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525805/typical-integration-of-emotion-cues-from-bodies-and-faces-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Rebecca Brewer, Federica Biotti, Geoffrey Bird, Richard Cook
Contextual cues derived from body postures bias how typical observers categorize facial emotion; the same facial expression may be perceived as anger or disgust when aligned with angry and disgusted body postures. Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are thought to have difficulties integrating information from disparate visual regions to form unitary percepts, and may be less susceptible to visual illusions induced by context. The current study investigated whether individuals with ASD exhibit diminished integration of emotion cues extracted from faces and bodies...
August 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506927/connecting-minds-and-sharing-emotions-through-mimicry-a-neurocognitive-model-of-emotional-contagion
#11
REVIEW
Eliska Prochazkova, Mariska E Kret
During social interactions, people tend to automatically align with, or mimic their interactor's facial expressions, vocalizations, postures and other bodily states. Automatic mimicry might be implicated in empathy and affiliation and is impaired in several pathologies. Despite a growing body of literature on its phenomenology, the function and underlying mechanisms of mimicry remain poorly understood. The current review puts forward a new Neurocognitive Model of Emotional Contagion (NMEC), demonstrating how basic automatic mimicry can give rise to emotional contagion...
May 12, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475197/do-postural-changes-affect-balance-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#12
Elif Balevi Batur, Gülçin Kaymak Karataş
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect on balance control of postural changes related to ankylosing spondylitis. DESIGN: Thirty-four subjects with ankylosing spondylitis and 34 healthy individuals were enrolled. Examination of postural alignment was conducted using lumbar Schober, hand to ground distance, tragus to wall distance and occiput to wall distance measurements, and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index. Balance was evaluated by Berg Balance Scale, Functional Reach Test, Lateral Reach Test, and Static Balance Index...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444241/cervical-spine-muscle-tendon-unit-length-differences-between-neutral-and-forward-head-postures-biomechanical-study-using-human-cadaveric-specimens
#13
Saeed Khayatzadeh, Olivia A Kalmanson, Dale Schuit, Robert M Havey, Leonard I Voronov, Alexander J Ghanayem, Avinash G Patwardhan
Background: Forward Head Posture (FHP) may be associated with neck pain and poor health-related quality of life. Literature describes only qualitative muscle length changes associated with FHP. Objective: To quantify how muscle-tendon unit lengths are altered when human cadaveric specimens are placed in alignments representing different severities of FHP. Design: Biomechanical study using 13 fresh-frozen cadaveric cervical spine specimens (Occiput-T1, 54±15yrs)...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434542/the-neandertal-vertebral-column-2-the-lumbar-spine
#14
Asier Gómez-Olivencia, Mikel Arlegi, Alon Barash, Jay T Stock, Ella Been
Here we provide the most extensive metric and morphological analysis performed to date on the Neandertal lumbar spine. Neandertal lumbar vertebrae show differences from modern humans in both the vertebral body and in the neural arch, although not all Neandertal lumbar vertebrae differ from modern humans in the same way. Differences in the vertebral foramen are restricted to the lowermost lumbar vertebrae (L4 and L5), differences in the orientation of the upper articular facets appear in the uppermost lumbar vertebrae (probably in L1 and L2-L3), and differences in the horizontal angle of the transverse process appear in L2-L4...
May 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425239/an-8-week-thoracic-spine-stabilization-exercise-program-improves-postural-back-pain-spine-alignment-postural-sway-and-core-endurance-in-university-students-a-randomized-controlled-study
#15
Şeyda Toprak Çelenay, Derya Özer Kaya
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the effects of an 8-week thoracic stabilization exercise program on back pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance in university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University students were randomly allocated into exercise (n: 28) and control (n: 25) groups. The exercise program was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Postural pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance were assessed via visual analogue scale, Spinal Mouse, Biodex Balance System, and McGill's trunk muscle endurance tests at the baseline and after 8 weeks of training...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425221/conceptualizing-movement-by-expert-bobath-instructors-in-neurological-rehabilitation
#16
Julie Vaughan-Graham, Kara Patterson, Karl Zabjek, Cheryl A Cott
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Movement, a core aspect of physiotherapy practice, and integral to the clinical reasoning process has undergone limited theoretical development. Instead, research has focused on intervention effectiveness embedded within the positivist paradigm. The purpose of this study was to explore how expert neurorehabilitation therapists conceptualize movement as part of their clinical reasoning. METHOD: A qualitative interpretive descriptive approach consisting of stimulated recall using video-recorded treatment sessions and in-depth interviews was used...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406567/evolution-of-spinopelvic-alignment-in-hominins
#17
Ella Been, Asier Gómez-Olivencia, Sara Shefi, Michalle Soudack, Markus Bastir, Alon Barash
Spinopelvic alignment refers to the interaction between pelvic orientation, spinal curvatures, and the line of gravity. In a healthy modern human, this alignment is characterized by reciprocal curves/orientation of the sacrum, lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, and cervical lordosis. In an economic sagittal posture, these curvatures keep the line of gravity close to the center of the acetabulum. The purpose of this study is to explore the spinopelvic alignment in extinct hominins. We examined spinopelvic alignment of a single representative from each of the following hominin groups: Australopithecus, Homo erectus (H...
May 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402485/evolution-of-sagittal-imbalance-following-corrective-surgery-for-sagittal-plane-deformity
#18
Michael M McDowell, Zachary J Tempel, Gurpreet S Gandhoke, Nicholas K Khattar, D Kojo Hamilton, Adam S Kanter, David O Okonkwo
BACKGROUND: Sagittal balance in adult spinal deformity is a major predictor of quality of life. A temporary loss of paraspinal muscle force and somatic pain following spine surgery may limit a patient's ability to maintain posture. OBJECTIVE: To assess the evolution of sagittal balance and clinical outcomes during recovery from adult spinal deformity surgery. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospective observational database identified a consecutive series of patients with sagittal vertical axis (SVA) > 40 mm undergoing adult deformity surgery...
April 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398555/biophysical-and-functional-characterization-of-hippocalcin-mutants-responsible-for-human-dystonia
#19
Nordine Helassa, Svetlana V Antonyuk, Lu-Yun Lian, Lee P Haynes, Robert D Burgoyne
Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder that forces the body into twisting, repetitive movements or sometimes painful abnormal postures. With the advent of next-generation sequencing technologies, the homozygous mutations T71N and A190T in the neuronal calcium sensor (NCS) hippocalcin were identified as the genetic cause of primary isolated dystonia (DYT2 dystonia). However, the effect of these mutations on the physiological role of hippocalcin has not yet been elucidated. Using a multidisciplinary approach, we demonstrated that hippocalcin oligomerises in a calcium-dependent manner and binds to voltage-gated calcium channels...
July 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390166/application-of-navigated-ultrasound-for-assessment-of-the-anterior-pelvic-plane-in-patients-with-degenerative-hip-diseases
#20
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Tobias Martin, Wojciech Marek, Josef Kozak, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular cup is the key for successful total-hip replacement. In common clinical practice, the target alignment of the cup is defined with respect to the anterior pelvic plane. In patients with substantial anterior pelvic plane inclination, this condition may lead to inappropriate distribution of the load on the cup, as most of the forces exerted within the hip joint act along the vertical axis. With the known pelvic inclination, it is possible to readjust the position of the cup with respect to the individual posture of the patient...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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