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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425239/an-8-week-thoracic-spine-stabilization-exercise-program-improves-postural-back-pain-spine-alignment-postural-sway-and-core-endurance-in-university-students-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Şeyda Toprak Çelenay, Derya Özer Kaya
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the effects of an 8-week thoracic stabilization exercise program on back pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance in university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University students were randomly allocated into exercise (n: 28) and control (n: 25) groups. The exercise program was carried out 3 days a week for 8 weeks. Postural pain, spinal alignment, postural sway, and core endurance were assessed via visual analogue scale, Spinal Mouse, Biodex Balance System, and McGill's trunk muscle endurance tests at the baseline and after 8 weeks of training...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425221/conceptualizing-movement-by-expert-bobath-instructors-in-neurological-rehabilitation
#2
Julie Vaughan-Graham, Kara Patterson, Karl Zabjek, Cheryl A Cott
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Movement, a core aspect of physiotherapy practice, and integral to the clinical reasoning process has undergone limited theoretical development. Instead, research has focused on intervention effectiveness embedded within the positivist paradigm. The purpose of this study was to explore how expert neurorehabilitation therapists conceptualize movement as part of their clinical reasoning. METHOD: A qualitative interpretive descriptive approach consisting of stimulated recall using video-recorded treatment sessions and in-depth interviews was used...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406567/evolution-of-spinopelvic-alignment-in-hominins
#3
Ella Been, Asier Gómez-Olivencia, Sara Shefi, Michalle Soudack, Markus Bastir, Alon Barash
Spinopelvic alignment refers to the interaction between pelvic orientation, spinal curvatures, and the line of gravity. In a healthy modern human, this alignment is characterized by reciprocal curves/orientation of the sacrum, lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, and cervical lordosis. In an economic sagittal posture, these curvatures keep the line of gravity close to the center of the acetabulum. The purpose of this study is to explore the spinopelvic alignment in extinct hominins. We examined spinopelvic alignment of a single representative from each of the following hominin groups: Australopithecus, Homo erectus (H...
May 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402485/evolution-of-sagittal-imbalance-following-corrective-surgery-for-sagittal-plane-deformity
#4
Michael M McDowell, Zachary J Tempel, Gurpreet S Gandhoke, Nicholas K Khattar, D Kojo Hamilton, Adam S Kanter, David O Okonkwo
BACKGROUND: Sagittal balance in adult spinal deformity is a major predictor of quality of life. A temporary loss of paraspinal muscle force and somatic pain following spine surgery may limit a patient's ability to maintain posture. OBJECTIVE: To assess the evolution of sagittal balance and clinical outcomes during recovery from adult spinal deformity surgery. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospective observational database identified a consecutive series of patients with sagittal vertical axis (SVA) > 40 mm undergoing adult deformity surgery...
April 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398555/biophysical-and-functional-characterization-of-hippocalcin-mutants-responsible-for-human-dystonia
#5
Nordine Helassa, Svetlana V Antonyuk, Lu-Yun Lian, Lee P Haynes, Robert D Burgoyne
Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder that forces the body into twisting, repetitive movements or sometimes painful abnormal postures. With the advent of next-generation sequencing technologies, the homozygous mutations T71N and A190T in the neuronal calcium sensor (NCS) hippocalcin were identified as the genetic cause of primary isolated dystonia (DYT2 dystonia). However, the effect of these mutations on the physiological role of hippocalcin has not yet been elucidated. Using a multidisciplinary approach, we demonstrated that hippocalcin oligomerises in a calcium-dependent manner and binds to voltage-gated calcium channels...
April 7, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390166/application-of-navigated-ultrasound-for-assessment-of-the-anterior-pelvic-plane-in-patients-with-degenerative-hip-diseases
#6
Andrzej Kochman, Adrian Goral, Tobias Martin, Wojciech Marek, Josef Kozak, Monika Morawska-Kochman, Marek Synder
OBJECTIVES: Correct positioning of the acetabular cup is the key for successful total-hip replacement. In common clinical practice, the target alignment of the cup is defined with respect to the anterior pelvic plane. In patients with substantial anterior pelvic plane inclination, this condition may lead to inappropriate distribution of the load on the cup, as most of the forces exerted within the hip joint act along the vertical axis. With the known pelvic inclination, it is possible to readjust the position of the cup with respect to the individual posture of the patient...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389724/effectiveness-of-hip-external-rotator-strengthening-exercise-in-korean-postural-bowleg-women
#7
Seong Hoon Park, Jun Won Lee, Joo Hyun Kim, Kyoung Seok Tak, Byeong Ho Lee, In Suck Suh
Postural bowleg is a subclinical entity with both aesthetic and functional outcomes and appears to be common in East Asian countries. Internal rotation of the hip joint is associated with varus alignment at the knee joint of the bowleg. Strengthening exercise for the hip external rotator muscles seems to be effective in improving varus alignment of bowleg, but no standardized exercise program exists. A standardized active resistance strengthening exercise for hip external rotator muscles could improve varus alignment of the lower limb in bowlegged Korean women...
April 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374114/vibration-related-extrusion-of-capillary-blood-from-the-calf-musculature-depends-upon-directions-of-vibration-of-the-leg-and-of-the-gravity-vector
#8
Halil Ibrahim Çakar, Serfiraz Doğan, Sadık Kara, Jörn Rittweger, Rainer Rawer, Jochen Zange
PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated the effects of vibration of the whole lower leg on the content and the oxygenation of hemoglobin in the unloaded relaxed lateral gastrocnemius muscle. Vibration was applied orthogonal to and in parallel with leg axis to examine whether the extrusion of blood depends on an alignment of main vessel direction, axis of vibration and gravity. METHOD: The blood volume in the muscles was altered by horizontal and 30° upright body posture...
April 3, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371738/abnormality-of-standing-posture-improves-in-patients-with-bilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy-following-lower-limb-surgery
#9
P Buddhdev, N R Fry, R LePage, M Wiley, M Gough, A P Shortland
OBJECTIVES: The degree of abnormality of the gait pattern of children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BSCP) can be reduced by lower limb orthopaedic surgery. However, little attention is paid to the effects of surgery on standing posture. Here, we investigated the abnormality of standing posture in young people with BSCP as well as the effects of surgery on standing posture. METHODS: We have developed an index of standing posture, the Standing Posture Score (SPS), which is similar in composition to the gait profile score (GPS)...
March 9, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362143/stance-foot-alignment-and-hand-positioning-alter-star-excursion-balance-test-scores-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability-what-are-we-really-assessing
#10
Mutlu Cuğ
OBJECTIVE: The literature has consistently shown that the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) is a reliable and valid tool to anticipate the risk of lower extremity injury, assess dynamic postural control differences among groups, and assess the effectiveness of balance training programs in both healthy individuals and people with lower extremity injuries. However, there is no standard administration technique for the SEBT in research, clinical practice, or performance settings. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to compare six different combinations (3 different foot alignments × 2 hand positions) on the SEBT performance in those with chronic ankle instability (CAI)...
March 31, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343047/the-odyssey-of-sagittal-pelvic-morphology-during-human-evolution-a-perspective-on-different-hominoidae
#11
Tom P C Schlösser, Michiel M A Janssen, Tom Hogervorst, Tomaž Vrtovec, John de Vos, F Cumhur Öner, René M Castelein
The importance of sagittal spino-pelvic alignment for posture and upright human spinal biomechanics, and its role in the etio-pathogenesis of different spinal pathologies is well recognized. In human evolution, morphological changes of the pelvis are believed to be a crucial step forward towards pertinent bipedalism. By comparison of sagittal pelvic morphology within the superfamily of Hominoidea, we have the perspective that in the course of human evolution, development of a lordosis between the ischium and ilium, and the consequent increase in pelvic incidence allowed for ambulation in a fully upright position while maintaining the lever arm of the ischial musculature...
March 22, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340318/is-there-a-relationship-between-postural-alignment-and-mobility-for-adults-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#12
Simon J Mills, Michelle N McDonnell, Dominic Thewlis, Shylie Mackintosh
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between postural alignment and mobility skills for adults after acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Seven electronic databases, grey literature and reference lists of the shortlisted publications were searched. Studies were included if participants were adults with ABI, both postural alignment and mobility were measured and analysis included a relationship between alignment and mobility...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339477/six-degree-of-freedom-knee-joint-kinematics-in-obese-individuals-with-knee-pain-during-gait
#13
Jing-Sheng Li, Tsung-Yuan Tsai, David T Felson, Guoan Li, Cara L Lewis
Knee joint pain is a common symptom in obese individuals and walking is often prescribed as part of management programs. Past studies in obese individuals have focused on standing alignment and kinematics in the sagittal and coronal planes. Investigation of 6 degree-of-freedom (6DOF) knee joint kinematics during standing and gait is important to thoroughly understand knee function in obese individuals with knee pain. This study aimed to investigate the 6DOF knee joint kinematics in standing and during gait in obese patients using a validated fluoroscopic imaging system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338396/should-ballet-dancers-vary-postures-and-under-foot-surfaces-when-practicing-postural-balance
#14
Nili Steinberg, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams, Janet Karin, Oren Tirosh
BACKGROUND: Postural balance (PB) is an important component skill for professional dancers. However, the effects of different types of postures and different underfoot surfaces on PB have not been adequately addressed. PURPOSE: The main aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of different conditions of footwear, surfaces, and standing positions on static and dynamic PB ability of young ballet dancers. METHOD: Thirty-six male and female young professional ballet dancers (aged 14-19) completed static and dynamic balance testing, measured by head and lumbar accelerometers, while standing on one leg in the turn-out position, under six different conditions: 1...
March 24, 2017: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331906/associations-between-sarcopenia-and-degenerative-lumbar-scoliosis-in-older-women
#15
Yawara Eguchi, Munetaka Suzuki, Hajime Yamanaka, Hiroshi Tamai, Tatsuya Kobayashi, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuhide Inage, Kazuki Fujimoto, Hirohito Kanamoto, Koki Abe, Yasuchika Aoki, Tomoaki Toyone, Tomoyuki Ozawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Age-related sarcopenia can cause various forms of physical disabilities. We investigated how sarcopenia affects degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) and lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS). METHODS: Subjects comprised 40 elderly women (mean age 74 years) with spinal disease whose chief complaints were low back pain and lower limb pain. They included 15 cases of DLS (mean 74.8 years) and 25 cases of LSCS (mean age 72.9 years). We performed whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to analyze body composition, including appendicular and trunk skeletal muscle mass index (SMI; lean mass (kg)/height (m)(2)) and bone mineral density (BMD)...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306640/cervical-alignment-variations-in-different-postures-and-predictors-of-normal-cervical-kyphosis-a-new-understanding
#16
Hwee Weng Dennis Hey, Eugene Tze-Chun Lau, Chengyuan Gordon Wong, Kimberly-Anne Tan, Gabriel Ka-Po Liu, Hee-Kit Wong
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective comparative study OBJECTIVE.: To predict physiological alignment of the cervical spine and study its morphology in different postures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is increasing evidence that normal cervical spinal alignment may vary from lordosis to neutral to kyphosis, or form S-shaped or reverse S-shaped curves. METHODS: Standing, erect sitting and natural sitting whole spine radiographs were obtained from 26 consecutive patients without cervical spine pathology...
March 16, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278006/the-variation-of-posture-quality-across-musical-instruments-and-its-impact-during-performances-musicians-body-posture-and-musical-instrument
#17
Patricia Blanco-Piñeiro, M Pino-Díaz Pereira, Aurora Martínez
OBJECTIVE: It is known that bad posture increases the risk that a musician may suffer from musculoskeletal disorders. This study compared posture quality required by different instruments or families of instruments. METHODS: Using an ad hoc postural observation instrument embracing 11 postural variables, four experts evaluated the postures of 100 students attending a Spanish higher conservatory of music. RESULTS: The agreement of the experts' evaluations was statistically confirmed by the Cohen κ value between ...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277885/regional-ventilation-is-the-main-determinant-of-alveolar-deposition-of-coarse-particles-in-the-supine-healthy-human-lung-during-tidal-breathing
#18
Rui Carlos Sá, Kirby L Zeman, William D Bennett, G Kim Prisk, Chantal Darquenne
BACKGROUND: To quantify the relationship between regional lung ventilation and coarse aerosol deposition in the supine healthy human lung, we used oxygen-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and planar gamma scintigraphy in seven subjects. METHODS: Regional ventilation was measured in the supine posture in a 15 mm sagittal slice of the right lung. Deposition was measured by using planar gamma scintigraphy (coronal scans, 40 cm FOV) immediately postdeposition, 1 hour 30 minutes and 22 hours after deposition of (99m)Tc-labeled particles (4...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261994/turning-in-mid-air-allows-aphids-that-flee-the-plant-to-avoid-reaching-the-risky-ground
#19
Meresman Yonatan, Ben-Ari Matan, Inbar Moshe
When forced to drop from the plant, flightless arboreal insects can avoid reaching the risky ground by maneuvering their body through the air. When wingless pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon pisum) are threatened by natural enemies, they often drop off their host plant while assuming a stereotypic posture that rotates them in mid-air, aligning them with their feet pointing downwards. This position may increase their chances to re-cling onto lower plant parts and avoid facing the dangers on the ground, though its effectiveness in realistic field conditions has not been tested...
March 6, 2017: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254637/anticipatory-postural-adjustment-during-self-initiated-cued-and-compensatory-stepping-in-healthy-elderly-and-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Christian Schlenstedt, Martina Mancini, Fay Horak, Daniel Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To characterize anticipatory postural adjustments (APA) across a variety of step initiation tasks in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and healthy control (HC). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Step initiation was analyzed during a) self-initiated gait, b) perceptual cued gait, and c) compensatory forward stepping after platform perturbation. People with PD were assessed On and Off levodopa. SETTING: University research laboratory...
February 27, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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