Read by QxMD icon Read

Stress in dementia

Asa Hatami, Chunni Zhu, Aroa Relaño-Gines, Chris Elias, Arpine Galstyan, Michael Jun, Ginger Milne, Charles R Cantor, Marie-Francoise Chesselet, Mikhail S Shchepinov
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease which has no effective treatment and is characterized by psychiatric disorders, motor alterations, and dementia, with the cognitive deficits representing a devastating aspect of the disorder. Oxidative stress and elevated levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO) products are found in mouse models and patients with HD, suggesting that strategies to reduce LPO may be beneficial in HD. In contrast to traditional antioxidants, substituting hydrogen with deuterium at bis-allylic sites in polyunsaturated fatty acids (D-PUFA) decreases the rate-limiting initiation step of PUFA autoxidation, a strategy that has shown benefits in other neurodegenerative diseases...
June 22, 2018: FEBS Journal
Youngmi Kang, Kwisoon Choe, Jinna Yu
AIM: This study identified the moderating role of the amount of caregiving tasks on relationships between dementia family caregivers' characteristics (age, education, etc.) and outcomes (burden, etc.). DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of surveyed data. METHOD: A convenience sample of 369 family caregivers (151 males, 218 females) aged 20 years or older was recruited from 10 cities in the southern area of South Korea. Data were collected from November - December 2011...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Lorraine J Phillips, Nancy M Birtley, Gregory F Petroski, Carol Siem, Marilyn Rantz
INTRODUCTION: Antipsychotic use in nursing homes varies widely across the United States; inadequate staffing, skill mix, and geropsychiatric training impede sustained improvement. AIM: This study identified risk factors of antipsychotic use in long-stay residents lacking qualifying or potentially qualifying diagnoses. METHOD: This secondary analysis used 2015 Minimum Data Set and cost report data from 458 Missouri nursing homes. The full sample (N=29,679) was split into two subsamples: residents with (N=15,114) and without (N=14,565) a dementia diagnosis...
June 17, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Mirian Ecay-Torres, Ainara Estanga, Mikel Tainta, Andrea Izagirre, Maite Garcia-Sebastian, Jorge Villanua, Montserrat Clerigue, Ane Iriondo, Iratxe Urreta, Arantzazu Arrospide, Carmen Díaz-Mardomingo, Miia Kivipelto, Pablo Martinez-Lage
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cognitive profile of healthy individuals with increased Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia (CAIDE) dementia risk score and to explore whether this association is related to vascular burden and CSF biomarkers of amyloidosis and neurodegeneration. METHOD: Cognitively normal participants (mean age 57.6 years) from the Gipuzkoa Alzheimer Project study were classified as having high risk (HR; n = 82) or low risk (LR; n = 293) for dementia according to a CAIDE score cutoff of 9...
June 13, 2018: Neurology
Shannon N Rhoads, Zachary T Monahan, Debra S Yee, Andrew Y Leung, Cameron G Newcombe, Robert N O'Meally, Robert N Cole, Frank P Shewmaker
FUS is an abundant, predominantly nuclear protein involved in RNA processing. Under various conditions, FUS functionally associates with RNA and other macromolecules to form distinct, reversible phase-separated liquid structures. Persistence of the phase-separated state and increased cytoplasmic localization are both hypothesized to predispose FUS to irreversible aggregation, which is a pathological hallmark of subtypes of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. We previously showed that phosphorylation of FUS's prion-like domain suppressed phase separation and toxic aggregation, proportionally to the number of added phosphates...
June 13, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Rachel Braley, Rochelle Fritz, Catherine R Van Son, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe
Background and Objectives: Smart home auto-prompting has the potential to increase the functional independence of persons with dementia (PWDs) and decrease caregiver burden as instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) are completed at home. To improve prompting technologies, we sought to inductively understand how PWDs responded to auto-prompting while performing IADL tasks. Research Design and Methods: Fifteen PWDs completed eight IADLs in a smart home testbed and received a hierarchy of verbal auto-prompts (indirect, direct, multimodal) as needed for task completion...
June 12, 2018: Gerontologist
Jenny Hopwood, Nina Walker, Lorraine McDonagh, Greta Rait, Kate Walters, Stephen Iliffe, Jamie Ross, Nathan Davies
BACKGROUND: Caring for someone with dementia is one of the most challenging caring roles. The need for support for family caregivers has been recognized for some time but is often still lacking. With an aging population, demand on health and social care services is growing, and the population is increasingly looking to the internet for information and support. OBJECTIVE: In this review, we aimed to (1) identify the key components of existing internet-based interventions designed to support family caregivers of people with dementia, (2) develop an understanding of which components are most valued by caregivers, and (3) consider the evidence of effectiveness of internet-based interventions designed to support family caregivers of people with dementia...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Ruth F Itzhaki, Richard Lathe
Three articles have very recently appeared that are of especial relevance to the causes of dementia and its potential treatment. The first two (Tsai et al., published in PLoS One in November 2017; Chen et al., published in the January/February 2018 issue of Journal of Clinical Psychiatry) demonstrate an increased risk of subsequent senile dementia (SD) development in patients with acute varicella zoster (herpes zoster) infection. These articles present data highly relevant to the third, and most important, paper-by Tzeng et al...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Courtney A Polenick, Laura M Struble, Barbara Stanislawski, Molly Turnwald, Brianna Broderick, Laura N Gitlin, Helen C Kales
Background and objectives Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are highly prevalent, stressful, and challenging to manage. Caregivers' approaches for handling these behaviors have implications for both care partners' well-being. Yet the specific strategies that caregivers use in their daily management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are relatively unknown. This study used in-depth focus group data to examine family caregivers' strategies for managing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Karim A Alkadhi
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a progressive dementia hallmarked by the presence in the brain of extracellular beta-amyloid (Aβ) plaques and intraneuronal fibrillary tangles. Chronic stress is associated with heightened Aβ buildup and acceleration of development of AD, however, stress alone has no significant effect on synaptic plasticity in the dentate gyrus (DG) area. Previously, we have reported that the combination of stress and AD causes more severe inhibition of synaptic plasticity of hippocampal area CA1 than chronic stress or AD alone, and that chronic nicotine treatment prevents this impairment...
June 5, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Ekta Yadav, Deepika Singh, Pankajkumar Yadav, Amita Verma
Over recent years, utilization of green synthesized nanomaterials has been widely growing on human body because of its special properties. With the increasing acceptance of nanoparticle approach for various clinical treatments, the biosafety and toxicological effects on the vital organs such as central nervous system, have received more concern. Main focus of this study was to evaluate acute exposure of n -butanol fraction of Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce hydroethanolic extract (BuPC) and green synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles of BuPC (ZnOPC) on spatial cognition behavior, and to assess underlying mechanism by estimation of enzymatic antioxidative status along with acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in mice brain...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Courtney A Polenick, Carey Wexler Sherman, Kira S Birditt, Steven H Zarit, Helen C Kales
Background and Objectives: Purpose in life is associated with better health and has been found to minimize caregiving stress. Greater purpose may also promote caregiving gains (i.e., rewards or uplifts from providing care), yet the implications of purpose for positive aspects of the care role are largely unknown. The present study determined how perceptions of purpose in life among persons with dementia (PWDs) and their family caregivers are linked to caregiving gains. Research Design and Methods: This cross-sectional study examined 153 co-resident family caregivers drawn from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study and National Study of Caregiving...
June 4, 2018: Gerontologist
Roland Patai, Bernát Nógrádi, Valéria Meszlényi, Izabella Obál, József Engelhardt, László Siklós
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the most frequent motor neuron disease is characterized by progressive muscle weakness caused by the degeneration of the motor neurons in the spinal cord and motor cortex. However, according to the recent observations, ALS is a rather complex syndrome which frequently involves symptoms of cognitive impairment. Therefore, ALS cases can be interpreted in a clinico-pathological spectrum spanning from the classical ALS involving only the motor system to the fronto-temporal dementia...
July 30, 2017: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Jingnan Zhang, Xiangpei Yue, Hongjun Luo, Wenjing Jiang, Yufei Mei, Li Ai, Ge Gao, Yan Wu, Hui Yang, Jieran An, Shumao Ding, Xu Yang, Bingui Sun, Wenhong Luo, Rongqiao He, Jianping Jia, Jihui Lyu, Zhiqian Tong
AIMS: Pharmacological treatments for Alzheimer's disease (AD) have not resulted in desirable clinical efficacy over 100 years. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a reactive and the most stable compound of reactive oxygen species (ROS), contributes to oxidative stress in AD patients. Here, we designed a medical device to emit red light at 630±15 nm from a light-emitting diode (LED-RL) and investigated whether the LED-RL reduces brain H2O2 levels and improves memory in senescence-accelerated prone 8 mouse (SAMP8) model of age-related dementia...
June 5, 2018: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Lucy Chamberlain, Carole Anderson, Chris Knifton, Gayle Madden
With an ageing population comes an increasing risk of illnesses such as dementia and a growing need for care. There are 670,000 informal, unpaid carers in the UK, reducing costs for health and social care services but presenting other concerns for healthcare professionals. Carer burden and carer stress are well-documented concepts, and can lead to depression and a risk of suicide in some individuals. It is important that this risk is considered when supporting informal carers of people living with dementia...
June 5, 2018: Nursing Older People
Maria D Purice, J Paul Taylor
Following years of rapid progress identifying the genetic underpinnings of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and related diseases such as frontotemporal dementia (FTD), remarkable consistencies have emerged pointing to perturbed biology of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) as a central driver of pathobiology. To varying extents these RNA-binding proteins are deposited in pathological inclusions in affected tissues in ALS and FTD. Moreover, mutations in hnRNPs account for a significant number of familial cases of ALS and FTD...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Alma Mihaljević-Peleš, Maja Bajs Janović, Ana Stručić, Marina Šagud, Milena Skočić HanŽek, Maja Živković, Špiro Janović
Despite controversy, ECT has been recognized as significantly effective for the treatment of mental disorders since 1938, when Cerletti and Bini introduced ECT in clinical psychiatric practice for treatment of schizophrenia. In the next period, indication for ECT switched more toward depression and catatonia. ECT was even banned from psychiatric training in 1960's, due to the anti-psychiatric movement, which were fortified by Oscar winning movie "One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest". Due to its robust effectiveness, ECT revived in the early 1980's and today holds its position in clinical psychiatric practices around the world...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Pooja Choudhary, Anthony G Pacholko, Josh Palaschuk, Lane K Bekar
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States where it is estimated that one in three seniors dies with AD or another dementia. Are modern lifestyle habits a contributing factor? Increased carbohydrate (sugar) consumption, stress and disruption of sleep patterns are quickly becoming the norm rather than the exception. Interestingly, seven months on a non-invasive high sucrose diet (20% sucrose in drinking water) has been shown to induce behavioral, metabolic and pathological changes consistent with AD in wild-type mice...
June 3, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
Victor Tapias, Shari Jainuddin, Manuj Ahuja, Cliona Stack, Ceyhan Elipenahli, Julie Vignisse, Meri Gerges, Natalia Starkova, Hui Xu, Anatoly A Starkov, Lucien Bettendorff, Dmitry M Hushpulian, Natalya A Smirnova, Irina G Gazaryan, Navneet A Kaidery, Sushama Wakade, Noel Y Calingasan, Bobby Thomas, Gary E Gibson, Magali Dumont, M Flint Beal
Impaired glucose metabolism, decreased levels of thiamine and its phosphate esters, and reduced activity of thiamine-dependent enzymes, such as pyruvate dehydrogenase, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, and transketolase occur in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thiamine deficiency exacerbates amyloid beta (Aβ) deposition, tau hyperphosphorylation, and oxidative stress. Benfotiamine (BFT) rescued cognitive deficits and reduced Aβ burden in APP/PS1 mice. In this study, we examined whether BFT confers neuroprotection against tau phosphorylation and the generation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) in the P301S mouse model of tauopathy...
May 30, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Songyun Zhang, Lingling Yuan, Lihui Zhang, Caige Li, Jie Li
Background: With the change in lifestyle and the aging population, the incidence of cognitive dysfunction in diabetes mellitus is rising sharply. Oxidative stress is an important mechanism in the development of diabetic cognitive dysfunction. Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is the core transcription factor of antioxidative stress. Early prevention and treatment of diabetic cognitive dysfunction can reduce the incidence of dementia and improve the quality of life of diabetic patients...
2018: Behavioural Neurology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"