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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912905/effects-of-aromatherapy-on-agitation-and-related-caregiver-burden-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-dementia-a-pilot-study
#1
Tugce Turten Kaymaz, Leyla Ozdemir
We examined the effects of aromatherapy on agitation in patients with dementia and evaluated related caregiver burden. Patients and their caregivers from two hospitals in Turkey were selected and divided into an intervention group (n = 14) and a control group (n = 14). Patients were stratified according to their dementia phase and intake of antipsychotic medication. The intervention group received aromatherapy via massage and inhalation at home for 4 weeks. The control group received no intervention. Data were collected using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI) and the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI)...
November 29, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912740/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-in-home-respite-care-program-in-supporting-informal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-design-of-a-comparative-study
#2
Sophie Vandepitte, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Koen Putman, Sofie Verhaeghe, Lieven Annemans
BACKGROUND: Frequent hospitalization and permanent nursing home placement not only affect the well-being of persons with dementia, but also place great financial strain on society. Therefore, it is important to create effective strategies to support informal caregivers so that they can continue to perform their demanding role. Preliminary qualitative evidence suggests that community-based respite services can actually be important for caregivers, and that the level of evidence should be further established in terms of effectiveness...
December 2, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905967/alzheimer-s-and-other-dementias-in-canada-2011-to-2031-a-microsimulation-population-health-modeling-pohem-study-of-projected-prevalence-health-burden-health-services-and-caregiving-use
#3
Douglas G Manuel, Rochelle Garner, Philippe Finès, Christina Bancej, William Flanagan, Karen Tu, Kim Reimer, Larry W Chambers, Julie Bernier
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, there is concern that increases in the prevalence of dementia will result in large demands for caregivers and supportive services that will be challenging to address. Previous dementia projections have either been simple extrapolations of prevalence or macrosimulations based on dementia incidence. METHODS: A population-based microsimulation model of Alzheimer's and related dementias (POHEM:Neurological) was created using Canadian demographic data, estimates of dementia incidence, health status (health-related quality of life and mortality risk), health care costs and informal caregiving use...
November 3, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903322/non-use-of-day-care-services-for-dementia-in-singapore-a-dilemma-for-caregivers
#4
Shan Huang, Konstadina Griva, Christina A Bryant, Philip Yap
BACKGROUND: Day care services for patients with dementia (PWD) are generally under-utilized worldwide despite evidence of positive outcomes, such as improved behavioral, psychological, and cognitive functioning for patients, and reduced caregiver burden. This study sought to gain an in-depth understanding of the reasons for non-utilization of day care services in Singapore using qualitative methodology. METHODS: A purposive sample of 16 caregivers of PWD who had never attended day care services participated in semi-structured interviews...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903133/emotional-quotient-in-frontotemporal-dementia-vs-alzheimer-s-disease-the-role-of-socioemotional-agnosia
#5
Andrew R Carr, Mersal S Samimi, Pongsatorn Paholpak, Elvira E Jimenez, Mario F Mendez
INTRODUCTION: Socioemotional dysfunction distinguishes behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) from other dementias. Patients with bvFTD not only have early social impairment and emotional blunting, but they also have agnosia of their socioemotional dysfunction. METHODS: To investigate the relationship between agnosia and dysfunction, we assessed self-knowledge of socioemotional dysfunction with an emotional quotient (EQ) scale administered to 12 patients with bvFTD and a comparison group of 12 age-matched patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and compared these self-ratings to caregiver ratings of social dysfunction and emotional blunting...
November 30, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902840/team-based-interprofessional-competency-training-for-dementia-screening-and-management
#6
Zaldy S Tan, JoAnn Damron-Rodriguez, Mary Cadogan, Daphna Gans, Rachel M Price, Sharon S Merkin, Lee Jennings, Heather Schickedanz, Sam Shimomura, Dan Osterweil, Joshua Chodosh
As many as 50% of people satisfying diagnostic criteria for dementia are undiagnosed. A team-based training program for dementia screening and management was developed targeting four professions (medicine, nursing, pharmacy, social work) whose scope of practice involves dementia care. An interprofessional group of 10 faculty members was trained to facilitate four interactive competency stations on dementia screening, differential diagnoses, dementia management and team care planning, and screening for and managing caregiver stress...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901347/who-is-caring-for-the-caregiver-the-role-of-cybercoping-for-dementia-caregivers
#7
Jae-Seon Jeong, Young Kim, Myoung-Gi Chon
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between dementia caregivers' communication behaviors (information seeking and forwarding) and their outcomes (coping outcomes: e.g., dealing better with negative feelings or improved medical outcomes). A survey data set of dementia patients' caregivers substantiates the effects of communication behaviors about dementia illness on coping outcomes, as well as the mediating role of emotion-focused and problem-focused coping processes. Using structural equation modeling (SEM), this study found positive effects of communication behaviors on outcomes through coping processes...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899432/alz-i-connect-a-novel-audiovisual-care-consultation-for-caregivers
#8
Babak Tousi, Cheryl Kanetsky, Nancy Udelson
Currently, there is not enough time or staff in the physician's office to provide education about Alzheimer's disease for newly diagnosed patients and their family members. The Alzheimer's Association Cleveland Area Chapter has implemented a novel approach for individuals to connect to helpful information about Alzheimer's disease and related dementias while at the physician's office. This project is being piloted at two memory assessment clinics of The Cleveland Clinic as a way to give assessment center staff the opportunity to connect families right away with the free support services available at the Association...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895101/interaction-and-common-ground-in-dementia-communication-across-linguistic-and-cultural-diversity-in-a-residential-dementia-care-setting
#9
Lisa Strandroos, Eleonor Antelius
Previous research concerning bilingual people with a dementia disease has mainly focused on the importance of sharing a spoken language with caregivers. While acknowledging this, this article addresses the multidimensional character of communication and interaction. As using spoken language is made difficult as a consequence of the dementia disease, this multidimensionality becomes particularly important. The article is based on a qualitative analysis of ethnographic fieldwork at a dementia care facility. It presents ethnographic examples of different communicative forms, with particular focus on bilingual interactions...
November 28, 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893087/targeting-functional-decline-in-alzheimer-disease-a-randomized-trial
#10
Christopher M Callahan, Malaz A Boustani, Arlene A Schmid, Michael A LaMantia, Mary G Austrom, Douglas K Miller, Sujuan Gao, Denisha Y Ferguson, Kathleen A Lane, Hugh C Hendrie
Background: Alzheimer disease results in progressive functional decline, leading to loss of independence. Objective: To determine whether collaborative care plus 2 years of home-based occupational therapy delays functional decline. Design: Randomized, controlled clinical trial. (ClinicalTrial.gov: NCT01314950). Setting: Urban public health system. Patients: 180 community-dwelling participants with Alzheimer disease and their informal caregivers...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890543/hearing-care-intervention-for-persons-with-dementia-a-pilot-study
#11
Sara K Mamo, Olivia Nirmalasari, Carrie L Nieman, Matthew K McNabney, Allison Simpson, Esther S Oh, Frank R Lin
OBJECTIVE: Hearing loss is a commonly unmet need among adults with dementia that may exacerbate common dementia-related behavioral symptoms. Accessing traditional audiology services for hearing loss is a challenge because of high cost and time commitment. To improve accessibility and affordability of hearing treatment for persons with dementia, there is a need for unique service delivery models. The purpose of this study is to test a novel hearing intervention for persons with dementia and family caregivers delivered in outpatient settings...
September 22, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890029/keeping-the-person-with-dementia-and-the-informal-caregiver-together-a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-interventions
#12
Annemarie Rausch, Monique A A Caljouw, Eva S van der Ploeg
BACKGROUND: Social support, relationships, and closeness are emphasized as important by both people with dementia and their informal caregivers. Psychosocial interventions might be helpful to reinforce the relationship between a person with dementia and his or her informal caregiver. Therefore, this review explores what types of psychosocial interventions have been provided for people with dementia and their informal caregivers together, and the effectiveness of these interventions. METHODS: PubMed, PsychInfo, Cinahl, and references of key papers were searched for studies describing a psychosocial intervention for people with dementia and their informal caregivers together...
November 28, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888180/northern-manhattan-hispanic-caregiver-intervention-effectiveness-study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-randomised-trial-comparing-the-effectiveness-of-two-established-interventions-for-informal-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia
#13
José A Luchsinger, Louis Burgio, Mary Mittelman, Ilana Dunner, Jed A Levine, Jian Kong, Stephanie Silver, Mildred Ramirez, Jeanne A Teresi
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of dementia is increasing without a known cure, resulting in an increasing number of informal caregivers. Caring for a person with dementia results in increased stress and depressive symptoms. There are several behavioural interventions designed to alleviate stress and depressive symptoms in caregivers of persons with dementia with evidence of efficacy. Two of the best-known interventions are the New York University Caregiver Intervention (NYUCI) and the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregivers Health (REACH)...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887645/resource-utilisation-costs-and-clinical-outcomes-in-non-institutionalised-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-18-month-uk-results-from-the-geras-observational-study
#14
Alan Lenox-Smith, Catherine Reed, Jeremie Lebrec, Mark Belger, Roy W Jones
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD), the commonest cause of dementia, represents a significant cost to UK society. This analysis describes resource utilisation, costs and clinical outcomes in non-institutionalised patients with AD in the UK. METHODS: The GERAS prospective observational study assessed societal costs associated with AD for patients and caregivers over 18 months, stratified according to baseline disease severity (mild, moderate, or moderately severe/severe [MS/S])...
November 25, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887597/technology-enhanced-multi-domain-at-home-continuum-of-care-program-with-respect-to-usual-care-for-people-with-cognitive-impairment-the-ability-telerehabilitation-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
O Realdon, F Rossetto, M Nalin, I Baroni, M Cabinio, R Fioravanti, F L Saibene, M Alberoni, F Mantovani, M Romano, R Nemni, F Baglio
BACKGROUND: According to the World Alzheimer Report (Prince, The Global Impact of Dementia: an Analysis of Prevalence, Incidence, Cost and Trends, 2015), 46.8 million people worldwide are nowadays living with dementia. And this number is estimated to approximate 131.5 million by 2050, with an increasing burden on society and families. The lack of medical treatments able to stop or slow down the course of the disease has moved the focus of interest toward the nonpharmacological approach and psychosocial therapies for people with/at risk of dementia, as in the Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) condition...
November 25, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886155/utilizing-a-wristband-sensor-to-measure-the-stress-level-for-people-with-dementia
#16
Basel Kikhia, Thanos G Stavropoulos, Stelios Andreadis, Niklas Karvonen, Ioannis Kompatsiaris, Stefan Sävenstedt, Marten Pijl, Catharina Melander
Stress is a common problem that affects most people with dementia and their caregivers. Stress symptoms for people with dementia are often measured by answering a checklist of questions by the clinical staff who work closely with the person with the dementia. This process requires a lot of effort with continuous observation of the person with dementia over the long term. This article investigates the effectiveness of using a straightforward method, based on a single wristband sensor to classify events of "Stressed" and "Not stressed" for people with dementia...
November 24, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885156/namaste-care%C3%A2-a-person-centered-care-approach-for-alzheimer-s-and-advanced-dementia
#17
Paula McNiel, Judith Westphal
New methods of care are required to meet the needs of people with dementia and their caregivers. The Namaste Care™ program provides a person-centered approach through meaningful activities and loving touch. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of residents, staff, and family involved in the Namaste Care™ program at a long-term care facility in the United States. A descriptive approach was used to interview 14 staff members. The findings revealed six themes: peaceful sanctuary, relating their way, transforming experiences, connections and community, positive moments, and awakened to the possibilities...
November 24, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885069/exploring-family-stigma-among-caregivers-of-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease-the-experiences-of-israeli-arab-caregivers
#18
Hanan Abojabel, Perla Werner
Providing care to persons with Alzheimer's disease poses challenges for spouses and adult children, including experiencing stigmatic beliefs towards themselves-i.e., family stigma. Drawing on the frameworks of ethnicity and stigma and ethnicity and dementia, the current study explored stigmatic experiences among Israeli Arab family caregivers of a person with Alzheimer's disease. Three focus groups with 20 caregivers (adult children and spouses) of persons with Alzheimer's disease were conducted. Data were analyzed using theory-led thematic analysis...
November 24, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884130/a-profile-of-the-clinical-course-of-cognition-and-comorbidity-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-study-the-4c-study-two-complementary-longitudinal-clinical-cohorts-in-the-netherlands
#19
Weiqi Liao, Renske E G Hamel, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Saskia M Oosterveld, Pauline Aalten, Frans R J Verhey, Philip Scheltens, Nicole Sistermans, Yolande A L Pijnenburg, Wiesje M van der Flier, Inez H G B Ramakers, René J F Melis
BACKGROUND: Heterogeneous disease trajectories of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia are frequently encountered in clinical practice, but there is still insufficient knowledge to understand the reasons and mechanisms causing this heterogeneity. In addition to correlates of the disorder, patient characteristics such as their health status, social environment, comorbidities and frailty may contribute to variability in trajectories over time. The current paper outlines the study design and the study population of and provides an overview of the data collected in the Clinical Course of Cognition and Comorbidity in Mild Cognitive Impairment (4C-MCI cohort, n = 315) and Dementia (4C-Dementia cohort, n = 331) Study...
November 25, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870597/exercise-training-for-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-caregivers-a-review-of-dyadic-exercise-interventions
#20
Guillaume Lamotte, Raj C Shah, Orly Lazarov, Daniel M Corcos
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and the prevalence will increase dramatically in the next decades. Although exercise has shown benefits for people with dementia due to AD as well as their caregivers, the impact of a dyadic exercise intervention including both groups as study participants remains to be determined. The authors review the current clinical evidence for dyadic exercise interventions, which are exercise regimens applied to both the person with dementia and the caregiver...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Motor Behavior
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